86 relations: Acmonital, Albanian Kingdom (1939–43), Alessandro Volta, AM-Lira, Bank of Italy, Belgian franc, Benito Mussolini, Beppe Grillo, Bi-metallic coin, Braille, Bretton Woods system, Campione d'Italia, Caravaggio, Centesimo, Commemorative coin, Como, Currency, Cyprus, Deflation, Economy of Italy, Economy of San Marino, Economy of Vatican City, Euro, Euro coins, Five Star Movement, Florence, Food and Agriculture Organization, Free Territory of Trieste, French franc, Gallo-Italic languages, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Glace Bay, Guglielmo Marconi, House of Savoy, Inflation, Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Italian euro coins, Italian unification, Italy, Kingdom of Italy, Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic), Latin Monetary Union, Lega Nord, Lombardo-Venetian pound, Malta, Maria Montessori, Milan, Miniassegno, Montessori education, Naples, ..., Napoleon, Notgeld, Nova Scotia, Parman lira, Payphone, Postage stamp, Pound (currency), Pound (mass), Pound sterling, Quota 90, Radiant crown, Raphael, Reichsmark, Roman scudo, Rome, Sammarinese euro coins, Sammarinese lira, San Marino, Sardinian lira, Silver, Soldo, St. Peter's Basilica, Swiss franc, The School of Athens, Titian, Turin, Tuscan florin, Two Sicilies ducat, United States dollar, Vatican City, Vatican euro coins, Vatican lira, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy, Vincenzo Bellini, World War I, World War II. Expand index (36 more) » « Shrink index
Acmonital (acronym of Acciaio Monetale Italiano, "Italian monetary steel") is a stainless steel alloy consisting mostly of iron, with 0.14% carbon, 17.5-19% chromium, 0.50% magnesium, 1.15% silicium, 0.03% sulfur, and 0.03% phosphorus by weight.
The Albanian Kingdom (Gheg Albanian: Mbretnija Shqiptare, Standard Albanian: Mbretëria Shqiptare, Regno albanese), also known as Greater Albania, existed as a protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy.
Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (18 February 1745 – 5 March 1827) was an Italian physicist, chemist, and a pioneer of electricity and power,Giuliano Pancaldi, "Volta: Science and culture in the age of enlightenment", Princeton University Press, 2003.
The AM-lira (Allied-Military Currency) was the currency issued in Italy by AMGOT after the invasion of Sicily in 1943.
Headquarters in Rome The Bank of Italy, known in Italian as Banca d'Italia, also known as Bankitalia, is the central bank of Italy and part of the European System of Central Banks.
The Belgian franc (Franc belge, Belgische frank, Belgischer Franken) was the currency of the Kingdom of Belgium from 1832 until 2002 when the Euro was introduced.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
Giuseppe Piero "Beppe" Grillo (born 21 July 1948) is an Italian comedian, actor, blogger and political activist.
Bi-metallic coins are coins consisting of two (bi-) metals or alloys, generally arranged with an outer ring around a contrasting center.
Braille is a tactile writing system used by people who are visually impaired.
The Bretton Woods system of monetary management established the rules for commercial and financial relations among the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Australia, and Japan after the 1944 Bretton-Woods Agreement.
Campione d'Italia is a comune (municipality) of the Province of Como in the Lombardy region of Italy and an exclave surrounded by the Swiss canton of Ticino.
Michelangelo Merisi (Michele Angelo Merigi or Amerighi) da Caravaggio (28 September 1571 – 18 July 1610) was an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily from the early 1590s to 1610.
Centesimo (plural centesimi) is an Italian word derived from the Latin centesimus meaning "hundredth".
Commemorative coins are coins that were issued to commemorate some particular event or issue.
Como (Lombard: Còmm, Cómm or Cùmm; Novum Comum) is a city and comune in Lombardy, Italy.
A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific use of the word, refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
In economics, deflation is a decrease in the general price level of goods and services.
The economy of Italy is the 3rd-largest national economy in the eurozone, the 8th-largest by nominal GDP in the world, and the 12th-largest by GDP (PPP).
The economy of San Marino is focused around industries such as banking, wearing apparel, including fabrics, electronics, ceramics, tiles, furniture, paints, and spirits/wines.
The unique, noncommercial economy of Vatican City is supported financially by contributions (known as Peter's Pence) from Roman Catholics throughout the world, the sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos, fees for admission to museums, and the sale of publications.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
There are eight euro coin denominations, ranging from one cent to two euros (the euro is divided into a hundred cents).
The Five Star Movement (Movimento 5 Stelle, M5S) is a political party in Italy.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
The Free Territory of Trieste (Territorio libero di Trieste, Svobodno tržaško ozemlje; Slobodni Teritorij Trsta) was an independent territory situated in Central Europe between northern Italy and Yugoslavia, facing the north part of the Adriatic Sea, under direct responsibility of the United Nations Security Council in the aftermath of World War II.
The franc (sign: F or Fr), also commonly distinguished as the (FF), was a currency of France.
The Gallo-Italian, Gallo-Italic, Gallo-Cisalpine or simply Cisalpine languages constitute the majority of the Romance languages of northern Italy.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini (also Gianlorenzo or Giovanni Lorenzo; 7 December 1598 – 28 November 1680) was an Italian sculptor and architect.
Glace Bay (Scottish Gaelic: Glasbaidh) is a community in the eastern part of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Guglielmo Marconi, 1st Marquis of Marconi (25 April 187420 July 1937) was an Italian inventor and electrical engineer known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission and for his development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system.
The House of Savoy (Casa Savoia) is a royal family that was established in 1003 in the historical Savoy region. Through gradual expansion, the family grew in power from ruling a small county in the Alps of northern Italy to absolute rule of the kingdom of Sicily in 1713 to 1720 (exchanged for Sardinia). Through its junior branch, the House of Savoy-Carignano, it led the unification of Italy in 1861 and ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 until 1946 and, briefly, the Kingdom of Spain in the 19th century. The Savoyard kings of Italy were Victor Emmanuel II, Umberto I, Victor Emmanuel III, and Umberto II. The last monarch ruled for a few weeks before being deposed following the Constitutional Referendum of 1946, after which the Italian Republic was proclaimed.
In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.
The Italian Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato (IPZS) ('State Mint and Polygraphic Institute'), founded in 1928, is situated at the Piazza Giuseppe Verdi in Rome.
Italian euro coins have a design unique to each denomination, though there is a common theme of famous Italian works of art from one of Italy's renowned artists.
Italian unification (Unità d'Italia), or the Risorgimento (meaning "the Resurgence" or "revival"), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia; Royaume d'Italie) was a French client state founded in Northern Italy by Napoleon I, fully influenced by revolutionary France, that ended with his defeat and fall.
The Latin Monetary Union (LMU) was a 19th-century attempt to unify several European currencies into a single currency that could be used in all the member states, at a time when most national currencies were still made out of gold and silver.
Lega Nord (LN; italic), whose complete name is Lega Nord per l'Indipendenza della Padania (Northern League for the Independence of Padania), is a regionalist political party in Italy.
The pound (Italian: lira) was the currency of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori (August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Miniassegni were a special kind of money, a type of notgeld of small denomination, that was circulated in Italy in the late 1970s.
The Montessori Method of education, developed by Maria Montessori, is a child-centered educational approach based on scientific observations of children from birth to adulthood.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Notgeld (German for "emergency money" or "necessity money") refers to money issued by an institution in a time of economic or political crisis.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
The lira (plural: lire) was the distinct currency of Parma before 1802 and again from 1815 to 1859.
A payphone (alternative spelling: pay phone) is typically a coin-operated public telephone, often located in a telephone booth or a privacy hood, with pre-payment by inserting money (usually coins) or by billing a credit or debit card, or a telephone card.
A postage stamp is a small piece of paper that is purchased and displayed on an item of mail as evidence of payment of postage.
The pound is a unit of currency in some nations.
The pound or pound-mass is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
The Quota 90 (Quota novanta) was a controversial revaluation of the lira undertaken by Mussolini, announced on August 18, 1926, at a speech in Pesaro, pegging the exchange rate to 92.46 lira against the Pound sterling (19 lira against the US Dollar)Peter Neville.
A radiant or radiate crown, also known as a solar crown, sun crown, or tyrant's crown, is a crown, wreath, diadem, or other headgear symbolizing the sun or more generally powers associated with the sun.
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (March 28 or April 6, 1483April 6, 1520), known as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance.
The Reichsmark (sign: ℛℳ) was the currency in Germany from 1924 until 20 June 1948 in West Germany, where it was replaced with the Deutsche Mark, and until 23 June in East Germany when it was replaced by the East German mark.
The Roman scudo (plural: scudi romani) was the currency of the Papal States until 1866.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Sammarinese euro coins feature separate designs for every coin.
The lira (plural lire) was the currency of San Marino from the 1860s until it was replaced by the Italian Lira in September 17, 1992.
San Marino, officially the Republic of San Marino (Repubblica di San Marino), also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is an enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy, situated on the Italian Peninsula on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains.
The lira (plural lire) was the currency of the Kingdom of Sardinia between August 6, 1816 and March 17, 1861.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
Soldo was the name of an Italian medieval silver coin, issued for the first time in the late 12th century at Milan by Emperor Henry VI.
The Papal Basilica of St.
The franc (sign: Fr. or SFr.; Franken, French and Romansh: franc, franco; code: CHF) is the currency and legal tender of Switzerland and Liechtenstein; it is also legal tender in the Italian exclave Campione d'Italia.
The School of Athens (Scuola di Atene) is one of the most famous frescoes by the Italian Renaissance artist Raphael.
Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (1488/1490 – 27 August 1576), known in English as Titian, was an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school.
Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.
The Tuscan florin (Italian: fiorino) was the currency of Tuscany between 1826 and 1859.
The ducat was the main currency of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies between 1816 and 1860.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent state located within the city of Rome.
Vatican euro coins are issued by the Philatelic and Numismatic Office of the Vatican City State and minted by Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato (IPZS), in Rome, Italy.
The lira (plural lire) was the currency of the Vatican City between 1929 and 2002.
Victor Emmanuel II (Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso di Savoia; 14 March 1820 – 9 January 1878) was King of Sardinia from 1849 until 17 March 1861.
Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (3 November 1801 – 23 September 1835) was an Italian opera composer,Lippmann and McGuire 1998, in Sadie, p. 389 who was known for his long-flowing melodic lines for which he was named "the Swan of Catania".
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.