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The Aérospatiale Gazelle is a French five-seat helicopter, commonly used for light transport, scouting and light attack duties.
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Athletic Club Omonia Nicosia (Αθλητικός Σύλλογος Oμόνοιας Λευκωσίας, ΑΣΟΛ; Athlitikos Sillogos Omonia Lefkosias, ASOL).
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Accordions (from 19th-century German Akkordeon, from Akkord—"musical chord, concord of sounds") are a family of box-shaped musical instruments of the bellows-driven free-reed aerophone type, colloquially referred to as a squeezebox.
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The Achaemenid Empire, also called the First Persian Empire, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great.
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Adnan Menderes (1899 – 17 September 1961) or Ali Adnan Ertekin Menderes was the Turkish Prime Minister between 1950–1960.
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Adonis was the mortal lover of the goddess Aphrodite in Greek mythology.
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AEK Larnaca FC
AEK Larnaca FC (translit, "Athletic Union Kition of Larnaca") is a Cypriot professional football club from Larnaca, Cyprus.
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Athlitiki Enosi Lemesou (translation), commonly known as AEL, is a Cypriot sports club based in the city of Limassol, most famous for its football team.
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Aetokremnos is a rock shelter near Limassol on the southern coast of Cyprus.
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Aimery of Cyprus
Aimery of Lusignan (Aimericus; before 11551 April 1205), erroneously referred to as Amalric or Amaury in earlier scholarship, was the first King of Cyprus, reigning from 1196 to his death.
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The Akritas plan was created in 1963 by the Greek Cypriot part of the government in Cyprus with the ultimate aim of weakening the Turkish Cypriot (ethnic Turks living in the Eastern Mediterranean island of Cyprus) wing of the Cypriot government and then uniting Cyprus with Greece.
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Akrotiri and Dhekelia
The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia (SBA; Περιοχές Κυρίαρχων Βάσεων Ακρωτηρίου και Δεκέλιας, Periochés Kyríarchon Váseon Akrotiríou kai Dekélias; Egemen Üs Bölgeleri Ağrotur ve Dikelya), is a British Overseas Territory on the island of Cyprus.
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Alexander the Great
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
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Alkinoos Ioannidis (Αλκίνοος Ιωαννίδης; born September 19, 1969) is a Greek-Cypriot composer, lyricist, singer, and orchestrator.
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Altheides (1193–1262) was a Cypriot philosopher, primarily known from sayings attributed to him in the works of others.
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American Schools of Oriental Research
The American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR), founded in 1900 as the American School of Oriental Study and Research in Palestine, supports and encourages the study of the peoples and cultures of the Near East, from the earliest times to the present.
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Ammochostos Stadium (Γήπεδο 'Αμμόχωστος') is a multi-purpose stadium in Larnaca, Cyprus.
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Anamur is a town and district of the province of Mersin, on the Mediterranean coast of southern Turkey, between Antalya and the city of Mersin.
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Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.
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The Anatolian Plate or the Turkish Plate is a continental tectonic plate comprising most of the Anatolia (Asia Minor) peninsula (and the country of Turkey).
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Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
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Ancient regions of Anatolia
The following is a list of regions of Ancient Anatolia, also known as "Asia Minor," in the present day Anatolia region of Turkey in Western Asia.
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Ankara (English; Turkish Ottoman Turkish Engürü), formerly known as Ancyra (Ἄγκυρα, Ankyra, "anchor") and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey.
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Anna Vissi (Άννα Βίσση; born 20 December 1957), also known as Anna Vishy, is a Greek Cypriot singer, songwriter, actress, television presenter, radio personality, and businesswoman.
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Annan Plan for Cyprus
The Annan Plan was a United Nations proposal to resolve the Cyprus dispute, also known as the Cyprus reunification plan.
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Anorthosis Famagusta FC
Αnorthosis Famagusta FC (Ανόρθωσις Αμμοχώστου, Anorthosis Ammochostou), known as Anorthosis, is a Cypriot football, futsal and volleyball club.
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Anthony Franciosa (born Anthony George Papaleo, October 25, 1928 – January 19, 2006), usually billed as Tony Franciosa during the height of his career, was an American film, TV and stage actor.
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Antonis Papadopoulos Stadium
Antonis Papadopoulos Stadium (Γήπεδο 'Αντώνης Παπαδόπουλος') is an all-seater football stadium in the city of Larnaca, Cyprus.
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Aphrodite is the ancient Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation.
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Aphrodite gas field
Aphrodite gas field is an offshore gas field off the southern coast of Cyprus located at the exploratory drilling block 12 in the country's maritime Exclusive Economic Zone.
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APOEL FC (ΑΠΟΕΛ; short for Αθλητικός Ποδοσφαιρικός Όμιλος Ελλήνων Λευκωσίας, Athletikos Podosferikos Omilos Ellinon Lefkosias, "Athletic Football Club of Greeks of Nicosia") is a professional football club based in Nicosia, Cyprus.
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Apollon Limassol (Απόλλων Λεμεσού, Apollon Lemesou) is a Cypriot sports club, based in Limassol.
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Arabic music or Arab music (Arabic: الموسيقى العربية – ALA-LC) is the music of the Arab people.
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Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
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Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
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In Christianity, an archbishop (via Latin archiepiscopus, from Greek αρχιεπίσκοπος, from αρχι-, 'chief', and επίσκοπος, 'bishop') is a bishop of higher rank or office.
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Arestís Stasí (Aristides Anastassiades also known as il cipriota) was born in 1940 in Limassol, Cyprus and spent his first years in the village of Platres in the Troödos mountains.
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The Armenian language (reformed: հայերեն) is an Indo-European language spoken primarily by the Armenians.
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Armenian religion in Cyprus
Like most communities of the Armenian Diaspora, the Armenian-Cypriot community is predominantly Armenian Apostolic (about 95%).
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Armenians in Cyprus
Armenians in Cyprus or Armenian-Cypriots (Կիպրահայեր, Αρμενοκύπριοι, Kıbrıs Ermenileri) are ethnic Armenians who live in Cyprus.
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The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
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Assyria, also called the Assyrian Empire, was a major Semitic speaking Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East and the Levant.
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Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
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The Athens News was an English-language newspaper published in Greece.
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The Australia Group is a multilateral export control regime (MECR) and an informal group of countries (now joined by the European Commission) established in 1985 (after the use of chemical weapons by Iraq in 1984) to help member countries to identify those exports which need to be controlled so as not to contribute to the spread of chemical and biological weapons.
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Ayia Napa (Αγία Νάπα, officially romanised "Agia Napa"; Aya Napa) is a resort at the far eastern end of the southern coast of Cyprus.
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Ayios Nikolaos, SBA
Ayios Nikolaos is a former village and present British garrison located in the British.
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Éntekhno (έντεχνο,, art song, pl: éntekhna) is orchestral music with elements from Greek folk rhythm and melody.
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Özker Yaşın (1932–2011) was a Turkish Cypriot poet, author and journalist.
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İsmet Vehit Güney (15 July 1923 – 23 June 2009) was a Turkish Cypriot artist, cartoonist, teacher and painter.
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A bailout is a colloquial term for the provision of financial help to a corporation or country which otherwise would be on the brink of failure or bankruptcy.
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Bank of Cyprus
Bank of Cyprus (Τράπεζα Κύπρου) is a Cyprus bank.
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Bayrak Radio Television Corporation (Bayrak Radyo Televizyon Kurumu), is the official radio and television broadcasting corporation of the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
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BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
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The Bell 206 is a family of two-bladed, single- and twin-engined helicopters, manufactured by Bell Helicopter at its Mirabel, Quebec plant.
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Bembo is a serif typeface created by the British branch of the Monotype Corporation in 1928-9 and most commonly used for body text.
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Bitter Lemons is an autobiographical work by writer Lawrence Durrell, describing the three years (1953–1956) he spent on the island of Cyprus.
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Bloody Christmas (1963)
Bloody Christmas (Kanlı Noel) is the outbreak of the tension between the Greek Cypriots and the Turkish Cypriots on the night between 20–21 December 1963 and the subsequent period of island-wide violence.
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The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
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The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
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Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander
The Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander is a British light utility aircraft and regional airliner designed and originally manufactured by Britten-Norman of the United Kingdom.
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Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon.
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A buffer zone is generally a zonal area that lies between two or more other areas (often, but not necessarily, countries), but depending on the type of buffer zone, the reason for it may be to segregate regions or to conjoin them.
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Bulgur (from bulgur; also burghul, from برغل burghul, "groats") is a cereal food made from the parboiled groats of several different wheat species, most often from ''durum'' wheat.
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The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
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Cairo International Film Festival
The Cairo International Film Festival (مهرجان القاهرة السينمائي الدولي) is an annual internationally accredited film festival held in Cairo Opera House.
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A caliphate (خِلافة) is a state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (خَليفة), a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah (community).
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Carnival (see other spellings and names) is a Western Christian and Greek Orthodox festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent.
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Catherine Cornaro (Αικατερίνη Κορνάρο, Caterina Corner) (25 November 1454 – 10 July 1510) was the last monarch of the Kingdom of Cyprus.
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Catholic Church in Cyprus
The Catholic Church in Cyprus is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.
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Central Intelligence Agency
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
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The Central Powers (Mittelmächte; Központi hatalmak; İttifak Devletleri / Bağlaşma Devletleri; translit), consisting of Germany,, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria – hence also known as the Quadruple Alliance (Vierbund) – was one of the two main factions during World War I (1914–18).
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In politics, centrism—the centre (British English/Canadian English/Australian English) or the center (American English/Philippine English)—is a political outlook or specific position that involves acceptance or support of a balance of a degree of social equality and a degree of social hierarchy, while opposing political changes which would result in a significant shift of society either strongly to the left or the right.
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The Chalcolithic (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998), p. 301: "Chalcolithic /,kælkəl'lɪθɪk/ adjective Archaeology of, relating to, or denoting a period in the 4th and 3rd millennium BCE, chiefly in the Near East and SE Europe, during which some weapons and tools were made of copper. This period was still largely Neolithic in character. Also called Eneolithic... Also called Copper Age - Origin early 20th cent.: from Greek khalkos 'copper' + lithos 'stone' + -ic". χαλκός khalkós, "copper" and λίθος líthos, "stone") period or Copper Age, in particular for eastern Europe often named Eneolithic or Æneolithic (from Latin aeneus "of copper"), was a period in the development of human technology, before it was discovered that adding tin to copper formed the harder bronze, leading to the Bronze Age.
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The Chigi vase is a Protocorinthian olpe, or pitcher, that is the name vase of the Chigi Painter.
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Chris Achilleos (born Christos Achilléos, 1947) is a painter and illustrator who specialises in fantasy artwork and glamour illustration.
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ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
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Christopher Papamichalopoulos (Χριστόφορος Παπαμιχαλόπουλος; born April 5, 1988) is an alpine skier from Cyprus.
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Chrysostomos II of Cyprus
Chrysostomos II, Archbishop of Nova Justiniana and All Cyprus (Χρυσόστομος Β΄; II.; born Irodotos Dimitriou (Greek: Ηρόδοτος Δημητρίου) on 10 April 1941) is the incumbent Archbishop of Cyprus.
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Church of Cyprus
The Church of Cyprus (Ἐκκλησία τῆς Κύπρου) is one of the autocephalous Churches that together form the communion of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
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Church of England
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
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Churchkhela (ჩურჩხელა) is a traditional Georgian candle-shaped candy.
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In Greek mythology, Cinyras (Κινύρας – Kinyras) was a famous hero and king of Cyprus.
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Classical Latin is the modern term used to describe the form of the Latin language recognized as standard by writers of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.
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Colocasia esculenta is a tropical plant grown primarily for its edible corms, the root vegetables most commonly known as taro.
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Colonies in antiquity
Colonies in antiquity were city-states founded from a mother-city (its "metropolis"), not from a territory-at-large.
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Combined arms is an approach to warfare which seeks to integrate different combat arms of a military to achieve mutually complementary effects (for example, using infantry and armor in an urban environment, where one supports the other, or both support each other).
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Common Foreign and Security Policy
The Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) is the organised, agreed foreign policy of the European Union (EU) for mainly security and defence diplomacy and actions.
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Commonwealth of Nations
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
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Conceptual art, sometimes simply called conceptualism, is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic, technical, and material concerns.
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Congress of Berlin
The Congress of Berlin (13 June – 13 July 1878) was a meeting of the representatives of six great powers of the time (Russia, Great Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, Italy and Germany), the Ottoman Empire and four Balkan states (Greece, Serbia, Romania and Montenegro).
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Constantine I of Greece
Constantine I (Κωνσταντίνος Αʹ, Konstantínos I; – 11 January 1923) was King of Greece from 1913 to 1917 and from 1920 to 1922.
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Constantine II of Greece
Constantine II (Κωνσταντίνος Βʹ, Konstantínos II,; born 2 June 1940) reigned as the King of Greece, from 1964 until the abolition of the monarchy in 1973.
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Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
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A Constitutional republic is a republic that operates under a system of separation of powers, where both the chief executive and members of the legislature are elected by the citizens and must govern within an existing written constitution.
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Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
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Constantinos Philippou (born 29 November 1979) is a retired Greek-Cypriot mixed martial artist.
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Council of Europe
The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe) is an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.
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Council of Ministers
"Council of Ministers" is the name given to the supreme executive organ in some governments.
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A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
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The Cretan State (Κρητική Πολιτεία, Kritiki Politia; كريد دولتى, Girit Devleti), was established in 1898, following the intervention by the Great Powers (Britain, France, Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Russia) on the island of Crete.
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The Cretan Turks (Greek Τουρκοκρητικοί or Τουρκοκρήτες, Tourkokritikí or Tourkokrítes, Turkish Giritli, Girit Türkleri, or Giritli Türkler), Muslim-Cretans or Cretan Muslims were the Muslim inhabitants of the Greek island of Crete (until 1923) and now their descendants, who settled principally in Turkey, the Dodecanese Islands under Italian administration (now part of Greece after World War 2), Syria (notably in the village of Al-Hamidiyah), Lebanon, Palestine, Libya, and Egypt, as well as in the larger Turkish diaspora.
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Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that are controlled by the British Government.
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A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, when the voyage itself, the ship's amenities, and sometimes the different destinations along the way (i.e., ports of call), are part of the experience.
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The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period.
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Crypto-Christianity is the secret practice of Christianity, usually while attempting to camouflage it as another faith or observing the rituals of another religion publicly.
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The genus Cupressus is one of several genera within the family Cupressaceae that have the common name cypress; for the others, see cypress.
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Cupressus sempervirens, the Mediterranean cypress (also known as Italian cypress, Tuscan cypress, Persian cypress, or pencil pine), is a species of cypress native to the eastern Mediterranean region, in northeast Libya, southern Albania, southern coastal Croatia (Dalmatia), southern Montenegro, southern Greece, southern Turkey, Cyprus, northern Egypt, western Syria, Lebanon, Malta, Italy, Israel, western Jordan, and also a disjunct population in Iran.
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The Cypria (Κύπρια Kúpria; Latin: Cypria) is a lost epic poem of ancient Greek literature, which has been attributed to Stasinus and was quite well known in classical antiquity and fixed in a received text, but which subsequently was lost to view.
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Cyprien Katsaris (Κυπριανός Κατσαρής; born 5 May 1951) is a French-Cypriot virtuoso pianist, teacher and composer.
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Cypriot refers to someone or something of, from, or related to the country of Cyprus, including.
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Cypriot Annan Plan referendums, 2004
A referendum on the Annan Plan was held in the Republic of Cyprus and the breakaway Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus on 24 April 2004.
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Cypriot Arabic, also known as Cypriot Maronite Arabic or Sanna, is a moribund variety of Arabic spoken by the Maronite community of Cyprus.
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Cypriot enosis referendum, 1950
An unofficial referendum on enosis with Greece was held in Cyprus between 15 and 22 January 1950.
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Cypriot Greek (Κυπριακά) is the variety of Modern Greek that is spoken by the majority of the Cypriot populace and Greek Cypriot diaspora.
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Cypriot National Guard
The Cypriot National Guard (Εθνική Φρουρά, Ethnikí Frourá; Milli Muhafız Ordusu), also known as the Greek Cypriot National Guard or simply National Guard, is the combined arms military force of the Republic of Cyprus.
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Cypriot presidential election, 2018
Presidential elections were held in Cyprus on 28 January 2018.
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Cypriot refugees are the Cypriot nationals or Cyprus residents who had their main residence (as opposed to merely owning property) in an area forcibly evacuated during the Cyprus conflict.
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Cypriot Turkish (Kıbrıs Türkçesi) is a dialect of the Turkish language spoken by Turkish Cypriots both in Cyprus and among its diaspora.
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Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
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Cyprus at the 2010 Winter Olympics
Cyprus sent a delegation to compete at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, held between 12–28 February 2010.
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Cyprus Automobile Association
The Cyprus Automobile Association (CAA) (Greek: Κυπριακός Σύνδεσμος Αυτοκινήτου)(Kıbrıs Otomobil Federasyonu (KOF)) is a non-profit organization governed by an elected council.
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Cyprus Basketball Federation
The Cyprus Basketball Federation (CBF) (Greek: Κυπριακή Ομοσπονδία Καλαθόσφαιρας (ΚΟΚ)) is the governing body for basketball on the island of Cyprus and is a division of the Cyprus Sport Organisation (ΚΟΑ-Κυπριακός Οργανισμός Αθλητισμού).
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Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation
Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (Ραδιοφωνικό Ίδρυμα Κύπρου, Kıbrıs Radyo Yayın Kurumu), or CyBC (ΡΙΚ, KRYK), is Cyprus' public broadcasting service.
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Cyprus College of Art
The Cyprus College of Art (CyCA) is an artists' studio group, located in the village of Lempa on the west coast of Cyprus.
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The Cyprus Convention of 4 June 1878 was a secret agreement reached between the United Kingdom and the Ottoman Empire which granted control of Cyprus to Great Britain in exchange for its support of the Ottomans during the Congress of Berlin.
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Cyprus Cricket Association
The Cyprus Cricket Association (CCA) (Greek: Σύνδεσμος Κρίκετ Κύπρου) (Kıbrıs Kriket Federasyonu) is the governing body of cricket in Cyprus.
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Cyprus crisis (1955–64)
There was a period of political and violent conflict in Cyprus, also known as the Cyprus crisis and EOKA period, between the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, between 1955 and 1964.
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The Cyprus dispute, also known as the Cyprus conflict, Cyprus issue or Cyprus problem, is the ongoing issue of Turkish military invasion and occupation of the northern third of the island since 1974.
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Cyprus dwarf elephant
The Cyprus dwarf elephant (Palaeoloxodon cypriotes) is an extinct species that inhabited the island of Cyprus during the Pleistocene until around 11,000 years BC.
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Cyprus dwarf hippopotamus
The Cyprus dwarf hippopotamus or Cypriot pygmy hippopotamus (Hippopotamus minor) is an extinct species of hippopotamus that inhabited the island of Cyprus until the early Holocene.
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Cyprus Football Association
The Cyprus Football Association (CFA) (Κυπριακή Ομοσπονδία Ποδοσφαίρου (ΚΟΠ)) is the governing body of football in Cyprus and is based in Nicosia.
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Cyprus in the Middle Ages
The Medieval history of Cyprus starts with the division of the Roman Empire into an Eastern and Western half.
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Cyprus national rugby union team
The Cyprus National Rugby Union Team known as "The Moufflons" is the representative side of Cyprus in rugby union.
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The Cyprus Police (Greek: Αστυνομία Κύπρου, Kıbrıs Polisi) is the only National Police Service of the Republic of Cyprus and is under the Ministry of Justice and Public Order since 1993.
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Cyprus Popular Bank
Cyprus Popular Bank (from 2006 to 2011 known as Marfin Popular Bank) was the second largest banking group in Cyprus behind the Bank of Cyprus until it was 'shuttered' in March 2013 and split into two parts.
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The Cyprus Regiment was a military unit of the British Army.
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Cyprus Rugby Federation
The Cyprus Rugby Federation (CRF) (Greek: Κυπριακή Ομοσπονδία Ράγκμπι, Κ.Ο.ΡΑ) (Kıbrıs Ragbi Federasyonu (KRF)) the governing body for rugby union in Cyprus.
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Cyprus Volleyball Federation
Cyprus Volleyball Federation (CVF) (Greek: Kυπριακή Oμοσπονδία Πετοσφαίρισης, Κ.Ο.ΠΕ) (Kıbrıs Voleybol Federasyonu (KVF)) is the governing body of volleyball in Cyprus.
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CYTA Ltd. (short for "Cyprus Telecommunication Authority"; Αρχή Τηλεπικοινωνιών Κύπρου (ΑΤΗΚ)) is the telecommunications provider of Cyprus.
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In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.
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In law and government, de jure (lit) describes practices that are legally recognised, whether or not the practices exist in reality.
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Declaration of Independence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
The declaration of Independence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was a unilateral declaration of independence from the Republic of Cyprus by the Turkish Cypriot parliament on 15 November 1983.
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Demetris Christofias, also spelled Dimitris Christofias (Δημήτρης Χριστόφιας; born 29 August 1946), is a Greek Cypriot former politician who was the sixth President of Cyprus from 2008 to 2013.
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Demetris Syllouris (Δημήτρης Συλλούρης; born 27 July 1953) is a Greek-Cypriot politician.
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Democratic Party (Cyprus)
The Democratic Party (Δημοκρατικό Κόμμα (ΔΗΚΟ), Dimokratikó Kómma (DIKO)) is a centrist political party in Cyprus founded in 1976 by Spyros Kyprianou.
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The Democratic Rally (Δημοκρατικός Συναγερμός (ΔΗΣΥ), Dimokratikós Sinagermós (DISY); Demokratik Seferberlik (DİSİ)), is a conservative and Christian-democratic political party in Cyprus, led by Averof Neofytou.
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Demographics of Cyprus
The people of Cyprus are broadly divided into two main ethnic communities, Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, who share many cultural traits but maintain distinct identities based on ethnicity, religion, language, and close ties with their respective motherlands.
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A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.
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Explicit deposit insurance is a measure implemented in many countries to protect bank depositors, in full or in part, from losses caused by a bank's inability to pay its debts when due.
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Desalination is a process that extracts mineral components from saline water.
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A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
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Dhekelia Power Station
Dhekelia Power Station is one of three power plants belonging to the Electricity Authority of Cyprus.
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Dimitrios Ioannidis (Δημήτριος Ιωαννίδης; 13 March 1923 – 16 August 2010), also known as Dimitris Ioannidis, was a Greek military officer and one of the leading figures in the Greek military junta of 1967–1974.
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Dimitris Theophani Lipertis (1866–1937) is a Cypriot born Greek poet.
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The Dodecanese (Δωδεκάνησα, Dodekánisa, literally "twelve islands") are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the southeastern Aegean Sea, off the coast of Asia Minor (Turkey), of which 26 are inhabited.
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Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.
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Duff Cooper Prize
The Duff Cooper Prize is a literary prize awarded annually for the best work of history, biography, political science or (very occasionally) poetry, published in English or French.
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Eastern European Summer Time
Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.
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Eastern European Time
Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+02:00 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.
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The Eastern Mediterranean denotes the countries geographically to the east of the Mediterranean Sea (Levantine Seabasin).
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Eastern Orthodox Church
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
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Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
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Electricity Authority of Cyprus
The Electricity Authority of Cyprus (EAC) (Greek: Αρχή Ηλεκτρισμού Κύπρου (ΑΗΚ)) was founded in 1952 by the British colonial government.
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Enclave and exclave
An enclave is a territory, or a part of a territory, that is entirely surrounded by the territory of one other state.
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Enosis (Ένωσις,, "union") is the movement of various Greek communities that live outside Greece, for incorporation of the regions they inhabit into the Greek state.
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EOKA (ΕΟΚΑ) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist guerrilla organisation that fought a campaign for the end of British rule in Cyprus, for the island's self-determination and for eventual union with Greece.
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EOKA-B was a Greek Cypriot paramilitary organisation formed in 1971 by General Georgios Grivas ("Digenis").
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An epic poem, epic, epos, or epopee is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily involving a time beyond living memory in which occurred the extraordinary doings of the extraordinary men and women who, in dealings with the gods or other superhuman forces, gave shape to the moral universe that their descendants, the poet and his audience, must understand to understand themselves as a people or nation.
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Ercan International Airport
Ercan International Airport (Ercan Uluslararası Havalimanı) is the primary civilian airport of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
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Eteocypriot was a pre-Indo-European language spoken in Iron Age Cyprus.
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Eurimages is the Council of Europe fund for the co-production, distribution, exhibition and digitisation of European cinematographic works.
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The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
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The EuroAsia Interconnector is an interconnector between Greek, Cypriot, and Israeli power grids via the world's longest submarine power cable.
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Eurobarometer is a series of public opinion surveys conducted regularly on behalf of the European Commission since 1973.
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The Eurogroup is the recognised collective term for informal meetings of the finance ministers of the eurozone—those member states of the European Union (EU) which have adopted the euro as their official currency.
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European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is an international financial institution founded in 1991.
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The European bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) is a primarily ocean-going fish native to the waters off Europe's western and southern and Africa's northern coasts, though it can also be found in shallow coastal waters and river mouths during the summer months.
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European Central Bank
The European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank for the euro and administers monetary policy of the euro area, which consists of 19 EU member states and is one of the largest currency areas in the world.
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The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
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European Court of Human Rights
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR; Cour européenne des droits de l’homme) is a supranational or international court established by the European Convention on Human Rights.
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European debt crisis
The European debt crisis (often also referred to as the Eurozone crisis or the European sovereign debt crisis) is a multi-year debt crisis that has been taking place in the European Union since the end of 2009.
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European Investment Bank
The European Investment Bank (EIB) is the European Union's nonprofit long-term lending institution established in 1958 under the Treaty of Rome.
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European Party (Cyprus)
The European Party (Greek: Evropaiko Komma, Ευρωπαϊκό Κόμμα; abbreviated Ευρωκό, "Evroko") was a political party in Cyprus founded in 2005, largely out of the parties New Horizons and European Democracy.
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The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
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Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.
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Evangelos Florakis Naval Base explosion
The Evangelos Florakis Naval Base explosion was the worst peacetime military accident ever recorded in Cyprus.
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Evridiki Theokleous (Ευρυδίκη Θεοκλέους,; born 25 February 1968), known professionally as simply Evridiki, is a Greek Cypriot rock, pop, and electropop singer.
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Exclusive economic zone
An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind.
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Famagusta (Αμμόχωστος; Mağusa, or Gazimağusa) is a city on the east coast of Cyprus.
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Famagusta District is one of the six districts of Cyprus.
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Fantasporto, also known as Fantas, is an international film festival, annually organized since 1981 in Porto, Portugal.
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Federal Research Division
The Federal Research Division (FRD) is the research and analysis unit of the United States Library of Congress.
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Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
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A fipple is a constricted mouthpiece common to many end-blown flutes, such as the tin whistle and the recorder.
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Fitch Ratings Inc.
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The flute is a family of musical instruments in the woodwind group.
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Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
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Food and Agriculture Organization
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
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Frederick Institute of Technology
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Freedom House is a U.S.-based 501(c)(3) U.S. government-funded non-governmental organization (NGO) that conducts research and advocacy on democracy, political freedom, and human rights.
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Freedom of speech
Freedom of speech is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or a community to articulate their opinions and ideas without fear of retaliation, censorship, or sanction.
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Freedom of the press
Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the principle that communication and expression through various media, including printed and electronic media, especially published materials, should be considered a right to be exercised freely.
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French Gothic architecture
French Gothic architecture is a style of architecture prevalent in France from 1140 until about 1500.
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The Geary–Khamis dollar, more commonly known as the international dollar (Int'l. dollar or Intl. dollar, abbreviation: Int'l$., Intl$. or Int$), is a hypothetical unit of currency that has the same purchasing power parity that the U.S. dollar had in the United States at a given point in time.
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Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
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Original document as PDF in single pages, 1864 The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for humanitarian treatment in war.
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Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ gê "earth, land" and πολιτική politikḗ "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations.
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Georgios Papandreou (Geórgios Papandréou; 13 February 1888 – 1 November 1968) was a Greek politician, the founder of the Papandreou political dynasty.
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Geroskipou (Γεροσκήπου; Yeroşibu) is a coastal town in Cyprus, east of Paphos.
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Ghost in the Noonday Sun
Ghost in the Noonday Sun is a 1973 British comedy film directed by Peter Medak starring Peter Sellers, Anthony Franciosa and Spike Milligan.
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Glafcos Ioannou Clerides (Γλαύκος Ιωάννου Κληρίδης; 24 April 1919 – 15 November 2013) was a Greek Cypriot politician and barrister who served as the fourth President of Cyprus from 1993 to 2003.
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The goblet drum (also chalice drum, tarabuka, tarabaki, darbuka, derbake, debuka, doumbek, dumbec, dumbeg, dumbelek, tablah, toumperleki or zerbaghali, دربوكة / ALA-LC: darbūkah) is a single head membranophone with a goblet shaped body used mostly in the Middle East, North Africa, South Asia, and Eastern Europe.
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The GP3 Series, or GP3 for short, is a single seater motor racing series launched in 2010 as a feeder series for the GP2 Series, introduced by GP2 organiser Bruno Michel.
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Greek Cypriot diaspora
The Greek-Cypriot diaspora refers to the Greek Cypriot population of Cyprus, or people who are of Greek Cypriot origins, who live abroad because of either economic reasons, or were part of the Greek population that was uprooted from their homes in Northern Cyprus by the Turkish Invasion of Cyprus when the island was divided, into the Greek-Cypriot controlled southern two-thirds and the Turkish-controlled northern one-third in 1974.
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Greek Cypriots (Ελληνοκύπριοι, Kıbrıs Rumları or Kıbrıs Yunanları) are the ethnic Greek population of Cyprus, forming the island's largest ethnolinguistic community.
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Greek government-debt crisis
The Greek government-debt crisis (also known as the Greek Depression) was the sovereign debt crisis faced by Greece in the aftermath of the financial crisis of 2007–08.
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Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
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Greek military junta of 1967–1974
The Greek military junta of 1967–1974, commonly known as the Regime of the Colonels (καθεστώς των Συνταγματαρχών), or in Greece simply The Junta (or; Χούντα), The Dictatorship (Η Δικτατορία) and The Seven Years (Η Επταετία), was a series of far-right military juntas that ruled Greece following the 1967 Greek coup d'état led by a group of colonels on 21 April 1967.
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Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
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Greek War of Independence
The Greek War of Independence, also known as the Greek Revolution (Ελληνική Επανάσταση, Elliniki Epanastasi, or also referred to by Greeks in the 19th century as the Αγώνας, Agonas, "Struggle"; Ottoman: يونان عصياني Yunan İsyanı, "Greek Uprising"), was a successful war of independence waged by Greek revolutionaries against the Ottoman Empire between 1821 and 1830.
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The relations between the Greek and the Turkish states have been marked by alternating periods of mutual hostility and reconciliation ever since Greece won its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1832.
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The Pancyprian Gymnastic Association Stadium (GSP Stadium) (Στάδιο Γυμναστικός Σύλλογος "Τα Παγκύπρια") is a football stadium in Nicosia, Cyprus.
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GSZ Stadium or Gymnastic Club Zenon Stadium (Γ.Σ.Ζ.) is a multi-purpose stadium in Larnaca, Cyprus.
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Guilt (2009 film)
Guilt (Greek: "Ενοχή") 2009) is a feature Greek - Cypriot film, directed by the Greek director - writer and producer Vassilis Mazomenos.
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Guy of Lusignan
Guy of Lusignan (c. 1150 – 18 July 1194) was a French Poitevin knight, son of Hugh VIII of the Lusignan dynasty.
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In finance, a haircut is the difference between the market value of an asset used as loan collateral and the value ascribed to that asset when used as collateral for that loan (i.e. an ascribed (nominal) reduction to the value of that asset, when it is used as collateral).
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Hala Sultan Tekke
Hala Sultan Tekke or the Mosque of Umm Haram (Hala Sultan Tekkesi; Τεκές Χαλά Σουλτάνας) is a Muslim shrine on the west bank of Larnaca Salt Lake, near Larnaca, Cyprus.
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Halloumi (χαλλούμι, challoúmi) or hellim (Turkish) is a semi-hard, unripened, brined cheese made from a mixture of goat's and sheep's milk, and sometimes also cow's milk.
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Haplogroup A (Y-DNA)
Haplogroup A is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
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Haplogroup E-M215 (Y-DNA)
E-M215, also known as E1b1b and formerly E3b, is a major human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
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Haplogroup F, also known as F-M89 and previously as Haplogroup FT is a very common Y-chromosome haplogroup.
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Haplogroup I (M170) is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
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Haplogroup J (Y-DNA)
Haplogroup J-M304, also known as J, (2 February 2016).
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Haplogroup K or K-M9 is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
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Haplogroup R1, or R-M173, is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
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A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences; synonyms: wharves, haven) is a sheltered body of water where ships, boats, and barges can be docked.
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Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.
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Harry Anastasiou (born 1951) is a British-born Cypriot-American social and political scientist who has engaged in peace-building initiatives in Cyprus, Greece, Turkey, the Middle East and the European Union.
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Hürriyet Daily News
The Hürriyet Daily News, formerly Hürriyet Daily News and Economic Review and Turkish Daily News, is the oldest current English-language daily in Turkey, founded in 1961.
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Heavy metal music
Heavy metal (or simply metal) is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom.
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Helena Palaiologina (Ἑλένη Παλαιολογίνα) (3 February 1428 – 11 April 1458) was a Byzantine princess of the Palaiologos family, who became the Queen consort of Cyprus and Armenia, titular Queen consort of Jerusalem, and Princess of Antioch through her marriage to King John II of Cyprus and Armenia.
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Helene Black is a Cypriot artist and curator working with various media.
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Hellenic Bank Public Company Ltd (Ελληνική Τράπεζα Δημόσια Εταιρία Λτδ) (CSE: HB) is in Cyprus.
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Hellenic Film Academy
The Hellenic Film Academy (HFA) (Ελληνική Ακαδημία Κινηματογράφου) is an initiative of a group of Greek filmmakers.
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The Hellenistic period covers the period of Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.
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Hellenization or Hellenisation is the historical spread of ancient Greek culture, religion and, to a lesser extent, language, over foreign peoples conquered by Greeks or brought into their sphere of influence, particularly during the Hellenistic period following the campaigns of Alexander the Great in the fourth century BC.
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Henna (حِنَّاء) is a dye prepared from the plant Lawsonia inermis, also known as hina, the henna tree, the mignonette tree, and the Egyptian privet, the sole species of the genus Lawsonia.
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Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Henry VI (Heinrich VI) (November 1165 – 28 September 1197), a member of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was King of Germany (King of the Romans) from 1190 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1191 until his death.
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Hezbollah (pronounced; حزب الله, literally "Party of Allah" or "Party of God")—also transliterated Hizbullah, Hizballah, etc.
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High-voltage direct current
A high-voltage, direct current (HVDC) electric power transmission system (also called a power superhighway or an electrical superhighway) uses direct current for the bulk transmission of electrical power, in contrast with the more common alternating current (AC) systems.
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In finance, a high-yield bond (non-investment-grade bond, speculative-grade bond, or junk bond) is a bond that is rated below investment grade.
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Hip hop, or hip-hop, is a subculture and art movement developed in the Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s.
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Hip hop music
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
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History of the Jews in Cyprus
The history of the Jews in Cyprus dates back to the 3rd century BC, after trade relations had been established between Cyprus and the Land of Israel.
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House of Lusignan
The House of Lusignan was a royal house of French origin, which at various times ruled several principalities in Europe and the Levant, including the kingdoms of Jerusalem, Cyprus, and Armenia, from the 12th through the 15th centuries during the Middle Ages.
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House of Representatives (Cyprus)
The House of Representatives (Βουλή των Αντιπροσώπων; Temsilciler Meclisi) is the parliament of the Republic of Cyprus.
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Human Development Index
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
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Human Development Report
The Human Development Report (HDR) is an annual milestone published by the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
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Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup
In human genetics, a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by mutations in the non-recombining portions of DNA from the Y-chromosome (called Y-DNA).
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A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
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Hymn to Liberty
The "Hymn to Liberty" or "Hymn to Freedom" (Ύμνος εις την Ελευθερίαν,, also Υμνος προς την Ελευθερίαν) is a poem written by Dionysios Solomos in 1823 that consists of 158 stanzas, which is used as the national anthem of Greece and Cyprus.
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I.B. Tauris (usually typeset as I.B.Tauris) was an independent publishing house with offices in London and New York City.
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IAAF World Championships in Athletics
The IAAF World Championships, commonly referred to as the World Championships in Athletics, is a biennial athletics event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF).
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An icon (from Greek εἰκών eikōn "image") is a religious work of art, most commonly a painting, from the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, and certain Eastern Catholic churches.
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Incense for the Damned
Incense for the Damned (also released as Bloodsuckers, Freedom Seeker and Doctors Wear Scarlet) is a 1970 British horror film.
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Independence Day (Cyprus)
In Cyprus Independence Day falls on 1 October.
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Index of Cyprus-related articles
This page list topics related to Cyprus.
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The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU; Union Interparlementaire) is a global inter-parliamentary institution established in 1889 by Frédéric Passy (France) and William Randal Cremer (United Kingdom).
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International Atomic Energy Agency
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.
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International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) is an international financial institution that offers loans to middle-income developing countries.
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International Chamber of Commerce
The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC; French: Chambre de commerce internationale) is the largest, most representative business organization in the world.
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International Civil Aviation Organization
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale, OACI), is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
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The international community is a phrase used in geopolitics and international relations to refer to a broad group of people and governments of the world.
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International Council on Monuments and Sites
The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS; Conseil international des monuments et des sites) is a professional association that works for the conservation and protection of cultural heritage places around the world.
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International Criminal Court
The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt) is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague in the Netherlands.
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International Crisis Group
The International Crisis Group (ICG; also simply known as the Crisis Group) is a transnational non-profit, non-governmental organization founded in 1995 that carries out field research on violent conflict and advances policies to prevent, mitigate or resolve conflict.
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International Development Association
The International Development Association (IDA) is an international financial institution which offers concessional loans and grants to the world's poorest developing countries.
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International Film Festival of India
The International Film Festival of India (IFFI), founded in 1952, is one of the most significant film festivals in Asia.
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International Finance Corporation
The International Finance Corporation (IFC) is an international financial institution that offers investment, advisory, and asset-management services to encourage private-sector development in developing countries.
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International Fund for Agricultural Development
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) (French: Fonds international de développement agricole; FIDA) (Italian: Fondo Internazionale per lo Sviluppo Agricolo) is an international financial institution and a specialised agency of the United Nations dedicated to eradicating poverty and hunger in rural areas of developing countries.
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International Hydrographic Organization
The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) is the inter-governmental organisation representing hydrography.
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International Labour Organization
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
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International Meteorological Organization
The International Meteorological Organization (IMO; 1873–1951) was the first organization formed with the purpose of exchanging weather information among the countries of the world.
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International Monetary Fund
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
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International Olympic Committee
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
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International Organization for Migration
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including internally displaced persons, refugees, and migrant workers.
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International Telecommunication Union
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; Union Internationale des Télécommunications (UIT)), originally the International Telegraph Union (Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.
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International Trade Union Confederation
The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC; Confédération syndicale internationale (CSI); Internationaler Gewerkschaftsbund (IGB); Confederación Sindical Internacional (CSI)) is the world's largest trade union federation.
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The International Criminal Police Organization (Organisation internationale de police criminelle; ICPO-INTERPOL), more commonly known as Interpol, is an international organization that facilitates international police cooperation.
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Count Ioannis Antonios Kapodistrias (10 or 11 February 1776 – 9 October 1831), sometimes anglicized as John Capodistrias (Κόμης Ιωάννης Αντώνιος Καποδίστριας Komis Ioannis Antonios Kapodistrias; граф Иоанн Каподистрия Graf Ioann Kapodistriya; Giovanni Antonio Capodistria Conte Capo d'Istria), was a Greek statesman who served as the Foreign Minister of the Russian Empire and was one of the most distinguished politicians and diplomats of Europe.
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Ioannis Kigalas (Ιωάννης Κιγάλας), (Giovanni Cigala, Cicala), (Joannes Cigala; 1622 – c. 5 November 1687) was a Greek Cypriot scholar and professor of Philosophy and Logic who was largely active in Padova and Venice in the 17th-century Italian Renaissance.
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Ionia (Ancient Greek: Ἰωνία, Ionía or Ἰωνίη, Ioníe) was an ancient region on the central part of the western coast of Anatolia in present-day Turkey, the region nearest İzmir, which was historically Smyrna.
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The Ionian Revolt, and associated revolts in Aeolis, Doris, Cyprus and Caria, were military rebellions by several Greek regions of Asia Minor against Persian rule, lasting from 499 BC to 493 BC.
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Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus
Isaac Komnenos or Comnenus (Ἰσαάκιος Κομνηνός, Isaakios Komnēnos; c. 1155 – 1195/1196), ruled Cyprus from 1184 to 1191, before Richard the Lionheart, King of England conquered the island during the Third Crusade.
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IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
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Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
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Jacopo Sannazaro (28 July 1458 – 6 August 1530) was an Italian poet, humanist and epigrammist from Naples.
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James II of Cyprus
James II (the Bastard) of Cyprus or Jacques II le Bâtard de Lusignan (Nicosia, c. 1438/1439 or c. 1440 – Famagusta, 10 July 1473), was the illegitimate son of John II of Cyprus and Marietta de Patras.
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John II of Cyprus
John II or III of Cyprus (16 May 1418 – 28 July 1458) was the King of Cyprus and Armenia and also titular King of Jerusalem from 1432 to 1458.
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Marion Mitchell Morrison (born Marion Robert Morrison; May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed "The Duke", was an American actor and filmmaker.
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Judgement of Paris
The Judgement of Paris is a story from Greek mythology, which was one of the events that led up to the Trojan War and (in slightly later versions of the story) to the foundation of Rome.
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The Kalopedis Family are jewelers from Cyprus who specialize in traditional Greek Byzantine style icons and ecclesiastical art, found in Orthodox churches.
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The Karpass Peninsula (Καρπασία; Karpaz), also known as the Karpas Peninsula or Karpasia, is a long, finger-like peninsula that is one of the most prominent geographical features of the island of Cyprus.
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Karsilamas (From karşılama, in Greek: καρσιλαμάς), is a folk dance spread all over Northwest Turkey and carried to Greece by Greek refugees.
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Kastellorizo or Castellorizo (Καστελλόριζο Kastellorizo; officially Μεγίστη Megisti or Meyisti) is a Greek island and municipality located in the southeastern Mediterranean.
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Köppen climate classification
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
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Kemal Haşim Karpat (born 1925) is a Turkish historian and former professor at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.
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Khedivate of Egypt
The Khedivate of Egypt (خدیویت مصر) was an autonomous tributary state of the Ottoman Empire, established and ruled by the Muhammad Ali Dynasty following the defeat and expulsion of Napoleon Bonaparte's forces which brought an end to the short-lived French occupation of Lower Egypt.
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The term Khedive (خدیو Hıdiv) is a title largely equivalent to the English word viceroy.
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Khirokitia (sometimes spelled Choirokoitia; Χοιροκοιτία, Hirokitya) is an archaeological site on the island of Cyprus dating from the Neolithic age.
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Kibbeh (كبة.), (also spelled and pronounced kibbe, kebbah, kubbeh, kubbah or kubbi depending on region, and known in Egypt as kobeiba and in Turkey as içli köfte) is a Levantine dish made of bulgur, minced onions, and finely ground lean beef, lamb, goat, or camel meat with Middle Eastern spices (cinnamon, nutmeg, clove, allspice).
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Kingdom of Cyprus
The Kingdom of Cyprus was a Crusader state that existed between 1192 and 1489.
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KKTC Telsim was the first GSM operator in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
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The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar or simply as Templars, were a Catholic military order recognised in 1139 by papal bull Omne Datum Optimum of the Holy See.
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Konstantia (Dina) Sofokleous, Greek: Κωνσταντία (Ντίνα) Σοφοκλέους is a Greek Cypriot artist.
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Kykkos Monastery (Ιερά Μονή Κύκκου or Κύκκος for short, Cikko Manastırı), which lies 20 km west of Pedoulas, is one of the wealthiest and best-known monasteries in Cyprus.
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Kyprianos of Cyprus
Archbishop Kyprianos of Cyprus (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κύπρου Κυπριανός) was the head of the Cypriot Orthodox Church in the early 19th century at the time that the Greek War of Independence broke out.
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Kyrenia (Κερύνεια; Girne) is a city on the northern coast of Cyprus, noted for its historic harbour and castle.
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Kyrenia District is one of the six districts of Cyprus.
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The Kyrenia Mountains is a long, narrow mountain range that runs for approximately along the northern coast of the island of Cyprus.
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Kyriakos Charalambides (Κυριάκος Χαραλαμπίδης, Kyriacos Charalambides) is one of the most renowned and celebrated living Cypriot poets.
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Kyriakos Ioannou (Κυριάκος Ιωάννου, Κiriyakos Yoannu; born 26 July 1984) is a Cypriot high jumper.
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Laïkó (λαϊκό τραγούδι,, "song of the people"; "popular song", pl: laïká), is a Greek music genre composed in Greek language in accordance with the tradition of the Greek people.
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Larger urban zone
The larger urban zone (LUZ), or Functional Urban Area (FUA), is a measure of the population and expanse of metropolitan areas in Europe and OECD countries.
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Larnaca (Λάρνακα; Larnaka or İskele) is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and the capital of the eponymous district.
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Larnaca District is one of the six districts of Cyprus.
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Larnaca International Airport
Larnaca International Airport is an international airport located southwest of Larnaca, Cyprus. Larnaca International Airport is Cyprus' main international gateway and the largest of the country's two commercial airports, the other being Paphos International Airport on the island's southwestern coast.
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Larnaca Salt Lake
Larnaca Salt Lake (Αλυκή Λάρνακας, Larnaka Tuz Gölü) is a complex network of four salt lakes (3 of them interconnected) of different sizes to the west of the city of Larnaca.
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Late Bronze Age collapse
The Late Bronze Age collapse involved a dark-age transition period in the Near East, Asia Minor, Aegean region, North Africa, Caucasus, Balkans and the Eastern Mediterranean from the Late Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age, a transition which historians believe was violent, sudden, and culturally disruptive.
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Lawrence George Durrell (27 February 1912 – 7 November 1990) was an expatriate British novelist, poet, dramatist, and travel writer.
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Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
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Ledra Street (Οδός Λήδρας Odos Lidras) is a major shopping thoroughfare in central Nicosia, Cyprus, which links North Nicosia, the part of the city under the control of the de facto Northern Cyprus, and south Nicosia.
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Left- and right-hand traffic
The terms right-hand traffic (RHT) and left-hand traffic (LHT) refer to the practice, in bidirectional traffic situations, to keep to the right side or to the left side of the road, respectively.
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Legal working age
The legal working age is the minimum age required by law for a person to work, in each country or jurisdiction.
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Lempa (Λέμπα, Çıralı or Lemba) is a village in Cyprus located approximately 4 km (2.5 mi) north of the town of Paphos.
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Leontios Machairas or Makhairas (Greek: Λεόντιος Μαχαιράς, French: Léonce Machéras; about 1380-after 1432) was a historian in medieval Cyprus.
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The Levant is an approximate historical geographical term referring to a large area in the Eastern Mediterranean.
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Library of Congress
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
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Limassol (Λεμεσός; Limasol or Leymosun) is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and capital of the eponymous district.
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Limassol Carnival Festival
The Limassol Carnival Festival is an annual European carnival event held at Limassol, Cyprus.
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Limassol District or Lemesos (Λεμεσός; Limasol or Leymosun; Լիմասոլ) is one of the six districts of Cyprus.
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Linear B is a syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek, the earliest attested form of Greek.
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A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.
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The Linobambaki or Linovamvaki were a Crypto-Christian Catholic community in Cyprus who were persecuted for their religion during Ottoman rule.
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List of countries and dependencies by area
This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.
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List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita
Three lists of countries below calculate gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e., the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.
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List of islands by area
This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than and several other islands over, sorted in descending order by area.
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List of islands by population
This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population.
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List of painted churches in Cyprus
There are over sixty churches in Cyprus with Byzantine and post-Byzantine wall paintings.
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List of states with limited recognition
A number of polities have declared independence and sought diplomatic recognition from the international community as de jure sovereign states, but have not been universally recognised as such.
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London Greek Film Festival
The London Greek Film Festival is an international film festival focusing on Greek films and Greek filmmakers.
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The London and Zürich Agreements for the constitution of Cyprus started with an agreement on the 19 February 1959 in Lancaster House in London, between Turkey, Greece, the United Kingdom and Cypriot community leaders (Archbishop Makarios III for Greek Cypriots and Dr. Fazıl Küçük for Turkish Cypriots).
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Lorenz Larkin (born September 3, 1986) is an American professional mixed martial artist currently competing in the Welterweight division of Bellator MMA.
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Ludovico Ariosto (8 September 1474 – 6 July 1533) was an Italian poet.
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A lute is any plucked string instrument with a neck (either fretted or unfretted) and a deep round back enclosing a hollow cavity, usually with a sound hole or opening in the body.
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Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
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Mahmud II (Ottoman Turkish: محمود ثانى Mahmud-u sānī, محمود عدلى Mahmud-u Âdlî) (İkinci Mahmut) (20 July 1785 – 1 July 1839) was the 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until his death in 1839.
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Makario Stadium (Μακάρειο Στάδιο), is an all-seater multi-purpose stadium in Nicosia, Cyprus.
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Makarios III (Μακάριος Γ΄; III.; 13 August 1913 – 3 August 1977) was a Greek Cypriot clergyman and politician, who served as the Archbishop and Primate of the autocephalous Church of Cyprus (1950–1977) and as the first President of Cyprus (1960–1977).
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Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
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The mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata;; 桔, jyutping: gat1), also known as the mandarin or mandarine, is a small citrus tree with fruit resembling other oranges, usually eaten plain or in fruit salads.
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Manifesta, the roving European Biennial of Contemporary Art, is a European pan-regional contemporary cultural biennale.
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Manor Motorsport Ltd, currently trading as Manor Endurance Racing Ltd is a British motor racing company that was formed in 1990 by former single-seater champion John Booth.
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Marcos Baghdatis (Μάρκος Παγδατής;, born 17 June 1985) is a Cypriot professional tennis player.
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Marios Joannou Elia
Marios Joannou Elia (born 19 June 1978), is a Cypriot composer and artistic director.
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Marios Tokas (Μάριος Τόκας) (8 June 1954 – 27 April 2008) Cypriot composer of traditional music born in Limassol, Cyprus.
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The Maronite Church (الكنيسة المارونية) is an Eastern Catholic sui iuris particular church in full communion with the Pope and the Catholic Church, with self-governance under the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches.
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The Maronites in Cyprus are members of the Maronite Catholic Archeparchy of Cyprus whose ancestors migrated from present-day Lebanon during the Middle Ages.
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A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.
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The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
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The Megali Idea (Μεγάλη Ιδέα, Megáli Idéa, "Great Idea") was an irredentist concept of Greek nationalism that expressed the goal of establishing a Greek state that would encompass all historically ethnic Greek-inhabited areas, including the large Greek populations that were still under Ottoman rule after the Greek War of Independence (1830) and all the regions that traditionally belonged to Greeks in ancient times (the Southern Balkans, Anatolia and Cyprus).
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Mehmet Yaşın (born 1958), is Turkish Cypriot poet and author.
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The Mesaoria (Μεσαορία, Mesarya) is a broad, sweeping plain which makes up the north centre of the island of Cyprus.
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The mesentery is a continuous set of tissues that attaches the intestines to the abdominal wall in humans and is formed by the double fold of peritoneum.
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Mespilus germanica, known as the medlar or common medlar, is a large shrub or small tree, and the name of the fruit of this tree.
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The Met Office (officially the Meteorological Office) is the United Kingdom's national weather service.
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MethysOs is a folk metal band formed in Limassol, Cyprus in 2011.
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Michael Cacoyannis (Μιχάλης Κακογιάννης, Michalis Kakogiannis; 11 June 192225 July 2011) was a Greek Cypriot filmmaker, best known for his 1964 film Zorba the Greek.
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Michael Paraskos, FHEA, FRSA (born 1969) is a novelist, lecturer and writer on art, and is the son of the Cypriot artist Stass Paraskos.
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Michalis Hatzigiannis (Greek: Μιχάλης Χατζηγιάννης; born 5 November 1978 in Nicosia, Cyprus) is a popular Greek Cypriot recording artist.
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In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
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The middle class is a class of people in the middle of a social hierarchy.
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The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
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The Mil Mi-24 (Миль Ми-24; NATO reporting name: Hind) is a large helicopter gunship, attack helicopter and low-capacity troop transport with room for eight passengers.
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Millet (Ottoman Empire)
In the Ottoman Empire, a millet was a separate court of law pertaining to "personal law" under which a confessional community (a group abiding by the laws of Muslim Sharia, Christian Canon law, or Jewish Halakha) was allowed to rule itself under its own laws.
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Mode of transport
Mode of transport is a term used to distinguish substantially different ways to perform.
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Montreal World Film Festival
The Montreal World Film Festival (WFF; le Festival des Films du Monde; alternative official name Montreal International Film Festival, not commonly used), founded in 1977, is one of Canada's oldest international film festivals and the only competitive film festival in North America accredited by the FIAPF (although the Toronto International Film Festival is North America's only accredited non-competitive festival).
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Morphou (Μόρφου; Omorfo or Güzelyurt) is a town in the northwestern part of Cyprus, under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus.
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Mount Olympus (Cyprus)
Olympus, or Chionistra, (Όλυμπος or Χιονίστρα) at, is the highest point in Cyprus.
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Movement for Social Democracy
The Movement for Social Democracy (Κίνημα Σοσιαλδημοκρατών (ΕΔΕΚ), Kinima Sosialdimokraton (EDEK)) is a Greek Cypriot nationalist and social-democratic political party in Cyprus.
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MTN Group Limited, formerly M-Cell, is a South Africa-based multinational mobile telecommunications company, operating in many African, European and Asian countries.
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Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) is an international financial institution which offers political risk insurance and credit enhancement guarantees.
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Music of Greece
The music of Greece is as diverse and celebrated as its history.
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Music of Turkey
The music of Turkey includes mainly Turkic elements as well as partial influences ranging from Central Asian folk music, Arabic music, Greek music, Ottoman music, Persian music and Balkan music, as well as references to more modern European and American popular music.
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Music recording certification
Music recording certification is a system of certifying that a music recording has shipped, sold, or streamed a certain number of units.
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Mutlu Çerkez (17 September 196410 December 2005) was a British-born Australian-Turkish Cypriot conceptual artist.
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Mycenaean Greece (or Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC.
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Mycenaean Greek is the most ancient attested form of the Greek language, on the Greek mainland, Crete and Cyprus in Mycenaean Greece (16th to 12th centuries BC), before the hypothesised Dorian invasion, often cited as the terminus post quem for the coming of the Greek language to Greece.
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Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
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Nea Salamis Famagusta FC
Nea Salamis Famagusta FC or Nea Salamina Famagusta FC (Νέα Σαλαμίνα Αμμοχώστου) is a professional football club based in Ammochostos (also known by its romanized name, Famagusta), Cyprus.
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Neşe Yaşın (born February 12, 1959), is a Turkish Cypriot poet and author.
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The Neo-Assyrian Empire was an Iron Age Mesopotamian empire, in existence between 911 and 609 BC, and became the largest empire of the world up till that time.
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The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
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Neriman Cahit (born 1937) is a Turkish Cypriot poet and author.
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New Europe (newspaper)
New Europe is a weekly newspaper published in English founded in 1993.
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Nicos Anastasiades (Νίκος Αναστασιάδης; Nikos Anastasiadis; born 27 September 1946) is a Greek Cypriot politician who has been President of Cyprus since 2013.
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Nicos Nicolaides (Νίκος Νικολαΐδης) was a Greek Cypriot painter and writer.
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Nicosia (Λευκωσία; Lefkoşa) is the largest city on the island of Cyprus.
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Nicosia District is one of the six districts of Cyprus.
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Nicosia International Airport
Nicosia International Airport (Διεθνές Αεροδρόμιο Λευκωσίας, Lefkoşa Uluslararası Havaalanı) is a largely disused airport located west of the Cypriot capital city of Nicosia in the Lakatamia suburb.
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Nikephoros II Phokas
Nikephoros II Phokas (Latinized: Nicephorus II Phocas; Νικηφόρος Β΄ Φωκᾶς, Nikēphóros II Phōkãs; c. 912 – 11 December 969) was Byzantine Emperor from 963 to 969.
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Nikos Sampson (Νίκος Σαμψών; 16 December 1935 – 9 May 2001) was the de facto president of Cyprus who succeeded Archbishop Makarios, appointed as President of Cyprus by the Greek military leaders of the coup d'état against Makarios, on July 15 1974.
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Nobel Prize in Literature
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
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Noble Energy, Inc., formerly Noble Affiliates, Inc., is an American petroleum and natural gas exploration and production company headquartered in Houston, Texas.
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The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
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Northern Cyprus (Kuzey Kıbrıs), officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC; Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti), is a partially recognised state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus.
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Northern Cyprus Water Supply Project
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Water Supply Project (KKTC Su Temin Projesi) is an international water diversion project designed to supply water for drinking and irrigation from southern Turkey to Northern Cyprus (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus) via pipeline under Mediterranean Sea.
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Nuclear Suppliers Group
The Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) is a multilateral export control regime and a group of nuclear supplier countries that seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons.
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Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (commonly known as the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)) is a United Nations agency that works to promote and protect the human rights that are guaranteed under international law and stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948.
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An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").
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Okra or okro, known in many English-speaking countries as ladies' fingers or ochro, is a flowering plant in the mallow family.
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Olympique Lyonnais, commonly referred to as simply Lyon or OL, is a French football club based in Lyon.
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Onesilus or Onesilos (Ὀνήσιλος "useful one"; died 497 BC) was the brother of king Gorgos (Gorgus) of the Greek city-state of Salamis on the island of Cyprus.
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Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is an intergovernmental organisation and the implementing body for the Chemical Weapons Convention, which entered into force on 29 April 1997.
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Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization.
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Ormideia (Ορμήδεια), sometimes also spelled Ormidhia, is a village in Larnaca District in south-eastern Cyprus.
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() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.
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Osman Türkay (born February 16, 1927 in Ozanköy – 2001) was a Turkish Cypriot poet and was a nominee for the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1988.
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Othello (The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1603.
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The Eyalet of Cyprus (ایالت قبرص, Eyālet-i Ḳıbrıṣ) was an eyalet (province) of the Ottoman Empire made up of the island of Cyprus, which was annexed into the Empire in 1571.
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The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
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Ottoman–Venetian War (1570–1573)
The Fourth Ottoman–Venetian War, also known as the War of Cyprus (Guerra di Cipro) was fought between 1570 and 1573.
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The oud (عود) is a short-neck lute-type, pear-shaped stringed instrument (a chordophone in the Hornbostel-Sachs classification of instruments) with 11 or 13 strings grouped in 5 or 6 courses, commonly used in Egyptian, Syrian, Palestinian, Lebanese, Iraqi, Arabian, Jewish, Persian, Greek, Armenian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, North African (Chaabi, Classical, and Spanish Andalusian), Somali, and various other forms of Middle Eastern and North African music.
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Outline of Cyprus
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Cyprus: Cyprus – Eurasian island country located in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, east of Greece, south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel and north of Egypt.
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PanARMENIAN.Net is the first Armenian online news agency, an internet portal based in Yerevan, Armenia.
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Paphos (Πάφος; Baf) is a coastal city in the southwest of Cyprus and the capital of Paphos District.
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Pafos District (Επαρχία Πάφου, Baf kazası) is one of the six districts of Cyprus and it is situated in the western part of Cyprus.
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Paphos International Airport
Paphos International Airport (Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Πάφου; Baf Uluslararası Havaalanı) is a joint civil-military public airport located southeast of the city of Paphos, Cyprus.
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Paralimni (Παραλίμνι) is a town situated in the southeast of Cyprus, slightly inland, within the Famagusta District.
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Paratroopers are military parachutists—military personnel trained in parachuting into an operation and usually functioning as part of an airborne force.
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Partition of Babylon
The Partition of Babylon designates the attribution of the territories of Alexander the Great between his generals after his death in 323 BC.
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Daniel Patrick Macnee (6 February 1922 – 25 June 2015) was an English film and television actor.
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Patrick Mower (born Patrick Archibald Shaw; 12 September 1938) is an English actor well known for his various television and occasional film roles, often as a detective or secret agent, and more recently as Rodney Blackstock in ITV soap opera Emmerdale, a role he has played since 2000.
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Pavlos Kontides (Παύλος Κοντίδης, born 11 February 1990) is a Cypriot sailor.
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The Pedieos (also Pediaios or Pediaeus or Pithkias; Greek: Πεδιαίος/Πηθκιάς, Turkish: Kanlı Dere) is the longest river in Cyprus.
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Pedoulas (Πεδουλάς, Pedula) is a village in the Nicosia District of Cyprus, located at an altitude of 1,100 m in the Troodos Mountains, 4 km south of Moutoullas.
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The People's Daily or Renmin Ribao is the biggest newspaper group in China.
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Permanent Court of Arbitration
The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) is an intergovernmental organization located at The Hague in the Netherlands.
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The Persians--> are an Iranian ethnic group that make up over half the population of Iran.
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Peter Wilton Cushing (26 May 191311 August 1994) was an English actor best known for his roles in the Hammer Productions horror films of the 1950s, '60s, and '70s, as well as his performance as Grand Moff Tarkin in Star Wars (1977).
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Peter Medak (born Medák Péter, 23 December 1937) is a Hungarian-born film director and television director of British and American productions.
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Peter Sellers, CBE (born Richard Henry Sellers; 8 September 1925 – 24 July 1980) was an English film actor, comedian and singer.
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Francesco Petrarca (July 20, 1304 – July 18/19, 1374), commonly anglicized as Petrarch, was a scholar and poet of Renaissance Italy who was one of the earliest humanists.
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Pew Research Center
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
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The Pilatus PC-9 is a single-engine, low-wing tandem-seat turboprop training aircraft manufactured by Pilatus Aircraft of Switzerland.
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A pilgrimage is a journey or search of moral or spiritual significance.
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In American English, a pitcher is a container with a spout used for storing and pouring contents which are liquid in form.
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A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
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Politics of Cyprus
The Republic of Cyprus is a unitary presidential representative republic, whereby the President of Cyprus is both head of state and head of government.
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The Pontic Greeks, also known as Pontian Greeks (Πόντιοι, Ελληνοπόντιοι, Póntioi, Ellinopóntioi; Pontus Rumları, Karadeniz Rumları, პონტოელი ბერძნები, P’ont’oeli Berdznebi), are an ethnically Greek group who traditionally lived in the region of Pontus, on the shores of the Black Sea and in the Pontic Mountains of northeastern Anatolia.
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Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
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Pork loin is a cut of meat from a pig, created from the tissue along the dorsal side of the rib cage.
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Port of Limassol
The Port of Limassol is the largest port in Cyprus, located in the city of Limassol, Cyprus.
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Pottery of ancient Greece
Ancient Greek pottery, due to its relative durability, comprises a large part of the archaeological record of ancient Greece, and since there is so much of it (over 100,000 painted vases are recorded in the Corpus vasorum antiquorum), it has exerted a disproportionately large influence on our understanding of Greek society.
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The Prehistoric Period is the oldest part of Cypriot history.
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President of Cyprus
The President of Cyprus is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Cyprus.
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A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.
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PrimeTel PLC is a Cyprus telecommunications company that offers and develops Voice, Data and Video services.
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Progressive Party of Working People
The Progressive Party of Working People (Ανορθωτικό Κόμμα Εργαζόμενου Λαού (ΑΚΕΛ), Anorthotikó Kómma Ergazómenou Laoú (AKEL); Emekçi Halkın İlerici Partisi) is a Marxist-Leninist communist political party in Cyprus.
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Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions into an electorate are reflected proportionately into the elected body.
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The Ptolemaic dynasty (Πτολεμαῖοι, Ptolemaioi), sometimes also known as the Lagids or Lagidae (Λαγίδαι, Lagidai, after Lagus, Ptolemy I's father), was a Macedonian Greek royal family, which ruled the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt during the Hellenistic period.
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The Ptolemaic Kingdom (Πτολεμαϊκὴ βασιλεία, Ptolemaïkḕ basileía) was a Hellenistic kingdom based in Egypt.
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Purchasing power parity
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.
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Pygmalion (Πυγμαλίων, Pugmalíōn, gen.: Πυγμαλίωνος) is a legendary figure of Cyprus.
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Pyla is a village in Larnaca District, Cyprus.
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Raquel Welch (born Jo Raquel Tejada; September 5, 1940) is an American actress and singer.
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The red mullets or surmullets are two species of goatfish, Mullus barbatus and Mullus surmuletus, found in the Mediterranean Sea, east North Atlantic Ocean, and the Black Sea.
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Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
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Religion in Cyprus
Christians make up 78% of the Cypriot population.
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Religion in the European Union
Religion in the European Union is diverse.
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Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 17th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman thought and material culture.
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Reporters Without Borders
Reporters Without Borders (RWB), or Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization that promotes and defends freedom of information and freedom of the press.
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Republic of Ireland
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
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Republic of Venice
The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.
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Rhodes (Ρόδος, Ródos) is the largest of the Dodecanese islands of Greece in terms of land area and also the island group's historical capital.
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Rhythm and blues
Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.
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Richard I of England
Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 1189 until his death.
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Roads and motorways in Cyprus
Since the arrival of the first motor cars on the island in 1907, Cyprus has developed a modern road network.
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Robert S. P. Beekes
Robert Stephen Paul Beekes (2 September 1937 – 21 September 2017) was Emeritus Professor of Comparative Indo-European Linguistics at Leiden University and the author of many monographs on the Proto-Indo-European language.
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The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
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The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
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Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
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Royal College of Art
The Royal College of Art (RCA) is a public research university in London, in the United Kingdom.
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Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
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Russians (русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Eastern Europe. The majority of Russians inhabit the nation state of Russia, while notable minorities exist in other former Soviet states such as Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Ukraine and the Baltic states. A large Russian diaspora also exists all over the world, with notable numbers in the United States, Germany, Israel, and Canada. Russians are the most numerous ethnic group in Europe. The Russians share many cultural traits with their fellow East Slavic counterparts, specifically Belarusians and Ukrainians. They are predominantly Orthodox Christians by religion. The Russian language is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, and also spoken as a secondary language in many former Soviet states.
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Russians in Cyprus
There are 4,952 people of Russian origin living in Cyprus.
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Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)
The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78 (lit, named for the year 1293 in the Islamic calendar; Руско-турска Освободителна война, Russian-Turkish Liberation war) was a conflict between the Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox coalition led by the Russian Empire and composed of Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro.
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Ruzen Atakan (born 1966) in Akincilar is a Turkish-Cypriot painter and the daughter of a school teacher Kemal Atakan.
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Sailing at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Laser
The men's Laser was a sailing event on the Sailing at the 2012 Summer Olympics program in Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy.
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Saint Martin's School of Art
Saint Martin's School of Art was an art college in London, England.
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Salamis (Σαλαμίς) is an ancient Greek city-state on the east coast of Cyprus, at the mouth of the river Pedieos, 6 km north of modern Famagusta.
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Saracen was a term widely used among Christian writers in Europe during the Middle Ages.
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Sarbel Michael (Σαρμπέλ Μιχαήλ; شربل مخائيل; born 14 May 1983) known professionally as Sarbel, is a Greek Cypriot pop singer of partial Greek Cypriot and Lebanese ancestry.
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A person's second language or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but that is used in the locale of that person.
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The right of people to self-determination is a cardinal principle in modern international law (commonly regarded as a jus cogens rule), binding, as such, on the United Nations as authoritative interpretation of the Charter's norms.
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A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.
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Sheftalia (σεφταλιά or σιεφταλιά; şeftali kebabı; is a traditional Cypriot food. It is a type of crépinette, a sausage without skin, that uses caul fat, or omentum, the membrane that surrounds the stomach of pig or lamb, to wrap the ingredients rather than sausage casing. It is a typical Cypriot dish. The name comes from the Turkish word şeftali, which means "peach", and presumably refers to the texture and consistency of the prepared food. Another explanation for the name is that it was first devised by a Turkish Cypriot street food vendor called "Şef Ali" (Chef Ali), who called it "Şef Ali kebabı", which in time became to be called "Şeftali kebabı" among consumers. Caul fat is transparent and naturally fatty. The filling is made of ground pork or lamb shoulder or leg mixed with finely chopped onion and parsley, salt, and pepper and formed into small round balls. These balls are then placed on the spread caul fat and squares of caul fat are cut around them and wrapped, making little sausages which are put on two skewers. Sheftalia are then grilled, preferably on charcoal until golden brown. By the time it is served has the outer layer of fat melted away and reduced to a thin golden brown layer of bark.
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Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
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Sin (1971 film)
Sin (also known as The Beloved and Restless) is a 1971 film written and directed by George P. Cosmatos, and marked his directorial debut.
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Social democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and capitalist economy.
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Solon Michaelides (12 November 190510 September 1979) was a Cypriot composer, teacher and musicologist.
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Sophia Papamichalopoulou (Σοφία Παπαμιχαλοπούλου; born April 5, 1990) is an alpine skier who represented Cyprus at the 2010 Winter Olympics along with her brother Christopher.
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Sousta (σούστα) is the name of a folk dance in Cyprus and Crete which is danced in Greece and generally in the Balkans.
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Souvla (σούβλα) is a popular dish from Cyprus.
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Souvlaki (Greek: σουβλάκι), plural souvlakia, is a popular Greek fast food consisting of small pieces of meat and sometimes vegetables grilled on a skewer.
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Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies.
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The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
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Terence Alan Milligan, (16 April 1918 – 27 February 2002), known as Spike Milligan, was a British-Irish comedian, writer, poet, playwright and actor.
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A standard language or standard variety may be defined either as a language variety used by a population for public purposes or as a variety that has undergone standardization.
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According to some ancient authorities, Stasinus (Στασῖνος) of Cyprus, a semi-legendary early Greek poet, was the author of the Cypria, in eleven books, one of the poems belonging to the Epic Cycle that narrated the War of Troy.
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Stass Paraskos (Στας Παράσκος; 17 March 1933 – 4 March 2014) was an artist from Cyprus, although much of his life was spent teaching and working in England.
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State ownership (also called public ownership and government ownership) is the ownership of an industry, asset, or enterprise by the state or a public body representing a community as opposed to an individual or private party.
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State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.
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Stelios Grant Pavlou (born 22 November 1970) is a British screenwriter and speculative fiction novelist.
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Stephanos Stephanides (born 22 October 1951) is a Cypriot-born author, poet, translator, critic, ethnographer, and documentary film maker.
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Stephen Laughton is an award winning British playwright.
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Submarine power cable
A submarine power cable is a major transmission cable for carrying electric power below the surface of the water.
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The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropics at latitude 23.5° (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and temperate zones (normally referring to latitudes 35–66.5°) north and south of the Equator.
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thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
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Sultanate of Egypt
The Sultanate of Egypt is the name of the short-lived protectorate that the United Kingdom imposed over Egypt between 1914 and 1922.
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Sumerian (𒅴𒂠 "native tongue") is the language of ancient Sumer and a language isolate that was spoken in southern Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq).
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Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
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Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
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Syrtos (Συρτός, also sirtos; plural syrtoi; sometimes called in English using the Greek accusative forms syrto and sirto; from the σύρω, syro, "drag "), is the collective name of a group of Greek folk dances.
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Tallinn Black Nights Film Festival
Tallinn Black Nights Film Festival, or PÖFF (Pimedate Ööde Filmifestival), is an annual film festival held since 1997 in Tallinn, the capital city of Estonia.
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Tatsia ("sieve") is a Cypriot traditional dance, performed with a sieve (tatsia -τατσιά in the Cypriot dialect).
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A tax haven is defined as a jurisdiction with very low "effective" rates of taxation ("headline" rates may be higher).
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Türk Telekom is the formerly state-owned Turkish telecommunications company.
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Telemachos Kanthos (February 24, 1910 – November 18, 1993) was born in Alona, a village in the highland Pitsillia area of Cyprus.
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Telephone numbers in Cyprus
Telephone numbers in Cyprus follow a closed telephone numbering plan which was adopted on 1 December 2001.
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Territorial waters or a territorial sea, as defined by the 2013 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, is a belt of coastal waters extending at most from the baseline (usually the mean low-water mark) of a coastal state.
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In Greek mythology, Teucer, also Teucrus, Teucros or Teucris (Τεῦκρος, Teῦkros), was the son of King Telamon of Salamis Island and Hesione, daughter of King Laomedon of Troy.
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The Championships, Wimbledon
The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is widely regarded as the most prestigious.
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The Longest Day (film)
The Longest Day is a 1962 epic war film based on Cornelius Ryan's 1959 book The Longest Day (1959), about the D-Day landings at Normandy on June 6, 1944, during World War II.
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The New York Times International Edition
The New York Times International Edition is an English-language newspaper printed at 38 sites throughout the world and sold in more than 160 countries and territories.
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The World Factbook
The World Factbook, also known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.
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The Third Crusade (1189–1192), was an attempt by European Christian leaders to reconquer the Holy Land following the capture of Jerusalem by the Ayyubid sultan, Saladin, in 1187.
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Eftihios “Tio” Ellinas (born 27 January 1992 in Larnaca, Cyprus) is a Cypriot race car driver.
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Treaty of Guarantee (1960)
The Treaty of Guarantee is a treaty between the Republic of Cyprus, Greece, Turkey and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland promulgated in 1960.
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Treaty of Lausanne
The Treaty of Lausanne (Traité de Lausanne) was a peace treaty signed in the Palais de Rumine, Lausanne, Switzerland, on 24 July 1923.
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Troodos (sometimes spelled Troödos; Τρόοδος; Trodos Dağları) is the largest mountain range in Cyprus, located in roughly the center of the island.
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The Tsifteteli (τσιφτετέλι; Çiftetelli), is a rhythm and dance of Anatolia and the Balkans with a rhythmic pattern of 2/4.
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Tsirio Stadium (Τσίρειο Στάδιο) is an all seater multi-purpose stadium in Limassol, Cyprus.
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Turkcell is the leading mobile phone operator of Turkey, based in Istanbul. The company has 34.4 million subscribers as of September 30, 2011. In 2015, the company's number of subscribers climbed to 68.9 million, in nine countries Largest shareholder is Telia Finland Oyj with 51% ownership. It is one of the worlds biggest companies (Fortune 2000) list published by Fortune.
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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
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Turkish Cypriot diaspora
The Turkish Cypriot diaspora is a term used to refer to the Turkish Cypriot community living outside the island of Cyprus.
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Turkish Cypriot enclaves
The Turkish Cypriot enclaves were inhabited by Turkish Cypriots between the intercommunal violence of 1963-64 and the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus.
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Turkish Cypriots or Cypriot Turks (Kıbrıs Türkleri or Kıbrıslı Türkler; Τουρκοκύπριοι) are mostly ethnic Turks originating from Cyprus.
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Turkish delight, lokum or rahat lokum and many other transliterations (رَاحَة الْحُلْقُوم rāḥat al-ḥulqūm, Lokum or rahat lokum, from colloquial راحة الحلقوم rāḥat al-ḥalqūm, Azerbaijani) is a family of confections based on a gel of starch and sugar.
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Turkish invasion of Cyprus
The Turkish invasion of Cyprus (lit and Τουρκική εισβολή στην Κύπρο), code-named by Turkey as Operation Attila, (Atilla Harekâtı) was a Turkish military invasion of the island country of Cyprus.
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Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 10–15 million native speakers in Southeast Europe (mostly in East and Western Thrace) and 60–65 million native speakers in Western Asia (mostly in Anatolia).
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Turkish people or the Turks (Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language.
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Turkish Resistance Organisation
The Turkish Resistance Organisation (Türk Mukavemet Teşkilatı, TMT) was a Turkish Cypriot pro-taksim paramilitary organisation formed by Rauf Denktaş and Turkish military officer Rıza Vuruşkan in 1958 as an organisation to counter the Greek Cypriot Fighter's Organization "EOKA"(later "EOKA-B").
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UEFA Champions League
The UEFA Champions League is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and contested by top-division European clubs.
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Ultimate Fighting Championship
The Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) is an American mixed martial arts organization based in Las Vegas, Nevada, that is owned and operated by parent company William Morris Endeavor.
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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
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A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
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The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
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United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus
The United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus is a demilitarized zone, patrolled by the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP), that was established in 1964 and extended in 1974 after the cease fire of, following the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, and de facto partition of the island into the area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus (southern Cyprus save for the British Sovereign Base Areas) and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in the North.
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United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body.
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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) is part of the United Nations Secretariat and is responsible for the follow-up to major United Nations Summits and Conferences, as well as services to the United Nations Economic and Social Council and the Second and Third Committees of the United Nations General Assembly.
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United Nations Development Programme
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
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United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme with the mandate to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
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United Nations Industrial Development Organization
The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), French/Spanish acronym ONUDI, is a specialized agency in the United Nations system, headquartered in Vienna, Austria.
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United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus
The United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) is a United Nations peacekeeping force that was established under United Nations Security Council Resolution 186 in 1964 to prevent a recurrence of fighting following intercommunal violence between the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, to contribute to the maintenance and restoration of law and order and to facilitate a return to normal conditions.
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United Nations resolution
A United Nations resolution (UN resolution) is a formal text adopted by a United Nations (UN) body.
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United Nations Statistics Division
The United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), formerly the United Nations Statistical Office, serves under the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) as the central mechanism within the Secretariat of the United Nations to supply the statistical needs and coordinating activities of the global statistical system.
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United States Department of State
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
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Universal Postal Union
The Universal Postal Union (UPU, Union postale universelle), established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874, is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system.
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The concept of universal suffrage, also known as general suffrage or common suffrage, consists of the right to vote of all adult citizens, regardless of property ownership, income, race, or ethnicity, subject only to minor exceptions.
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University of Nicosia
The University of Nicosia (UNIC) (Πανεπιστήμιο Λευκωσίας Lefkoşa Üniversitesi) is the largest university in Cyprus, with its main campus located in Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus.
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University of Tennessee
The University of Tennessee (also referred to as The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, UT Knoxville, UTK, or UT) is a public sun- and land-grant university in Knoxville, Tennessee, United States.
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Urban contemporary is a music radio format.
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Urkiye Mine Balman
Urkiye Mine Balman (born 1927) in Lefke is an author and poet who graduated from the Cyprus Turkish Teachers' Training College in 1946 and worked as a teacher in Cyprus.
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Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
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Vasilis Michaelides (Βασίλης Μιχαηλίδης, before 1853–18 December 1917) is considered by many and often referred to as the national poet of Cyprus.
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Vassilis Mazomenos (Βασίλης Μαζωμένος; born 1964, Athens) is a producer, screenwriter, director, member of both the European Film Academy and the Greek Hellenic Film Academy He is also a production designer Producer of short films and a poet.
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A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.
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Vice President of Cyprus
Vice President of Cyprus is the second highest political position in the Cyprus.
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Victoria Hislop (née Hamson; born 1959) is an English author.
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The study of village communities has become one of the fundamental methods of discussing the ancient history of institutions.
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The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.
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Walls of Nicosia
The Venetian Walls are a series of defensive walls which surround the capital city of Nicosia in Cyprus.
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Wars of the Diadochi
The Wars of the Diadochi (Πόλεμοι των Διαδόχων), or Wars of Alexander's Successors, were a series of conflicts fought between Alexander the Great's generals over the rule of his vast empire after his death.
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A water well is an excavation or structure created in the ground by digging, driving, boring, or drilling to access groundwater in underground aquifers.
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William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
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Winter's Verge is a power metal band formed in Nicosia, Cyprus in 2004.
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The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
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World Bank Group
The World Bank Group (WBG) (Groupe de la Banque mondiale) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries.
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World Bank high-income economy
A high-income economy is defined by the World Bank as a country with a gross national income per capita US$12,236 or more in 2016, calculated using the Atlas method.
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World Confederation of Labour
The World Confederation of Labour (WCL) was an international labour organization founded in 1920 and based in Europe.
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World Customs Organization
The World Customs Organization (WCO) is an intergovernmental organization headquartered in Brussels, Belgium.
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World Economic Outlook
The World Economic Outlook (WEO) is a survey conducted and published by the International Monetary Fund.
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World Federation of Trade Unions
The World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU) was established in 1945 to replace the International Federation of Trade Unions.
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World Health Organization
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
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World Heritage site
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
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World Intellectual Property Organization
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 15 specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN).
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World Meteorological Organization
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories.
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World Tourism Organization
The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.
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World Trade Organization
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
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A world war, is a large-scale war involving many of the countries of the world or many of the most powerful and populous ones.
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World War I
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
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World War II
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
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Xylotymbou (Ξυλοτύμπου or Ξυλοτύμβου) is a small town in Larnaca District in south-eastern Cyprus.
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Zeibekiko (Ζεϊμπέκικο) is a Greek folk dance.
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Zeno of Citium
Zeno of Citium (Ζήνων ὁ Κιτιεύς, Zēnōn ho Kitieus; c. 334 – c. 262 BC) was a Hellenistic thinker from Citium (Κίτιον, Kition), Cyprus, and probably of Phoenician descent.
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.cy is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Cyprus.
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.eu is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the European Union (EU).
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10th millennium BC
The 10th millennium BC spanned the years 10000 through 9001 BC.
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1974 Cypriot coup d'état
The 1974 coup d'état in Cyprus was a military coup d'état by the Greek army in Cyprus, the Cypriot National Guard and the Greek military junta of 1967–1974.
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2004 enlargement of the European Union
The 2004 enlargement of the European Union was the largest single expansion of the European Union (EU), in terms of territory, number of states, and population to date; however, it was not the largest in terms of gross domestic product.
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2006 Lebanon War
The 2006 Lebanon War, also called the 2006 Israel–Hezbollah War and known in Lebanon as the July War (حرب تموز, Ḥarb Tammūz) and in Israel as the Second Lebanon War (מלחמת לבנון השנייה, Milhemet Levanon HaShniya), was a 34-day military conflict in Lebanon, Northern Israel and the Golan Heights.
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2010 Winter Olympics
The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games (Les XXIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) and commonly known as Vancouver 2010, informally the 21st Winter Olympics, was an international winter multi-sport event that was held from 12 to 28 February 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, with some events held in the surrounding suburbs of Richmond, West Vancouver and the University Endowment Lands, and in the nearby resort town of Whistler.
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2011–12 UEFA Champions League
The 2011–12 UEFA Champions League was the 57th season of Europe's premier club football tournament organised by UEFA, and the 20th season in its current Champions League format.
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2012 Summer Olympics
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
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2012–13 Cypriot financial crisis
The 2012–2013 Cypriot financial crisis was an economic crisis in the Republic of Cyprus that involved the exposure of Cypriot banks to overleveraged local property companies, the Greek government-debt crisis, the downgrading of the Cypriot government's bond credit rating to junk status by international credit rating agencies, the consequential inability to refund its state expenses from the international markets and the reluctance of the government to restructure the troubled Cypriot financial sector.
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32nd meridian east
The meridian 32° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Turkey, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
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34th parallel north
The 34th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 34 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
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35th meridian east
The meridian 35° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Asia, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
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36th parallel north
The 36th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 36 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
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Architecture of Cyprus, Ciprus, Country CYP, Culture of Cyprus, Cypriot Republic, Cyprus (Republic of), Cyprus goods, Cyrpus, Etymology of Cyprus, Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus, Greek Cyprus, Greek Republic of Cyprus, ISO 3166-1:CY, Kibris, Kypros, Kıbrıs, Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti, Name of Cyprus, Name of Northern Cyprus, Republic of Cyprus, South Cyprus, South Cyprus (Greek Cyprus), Southern Cyprus, Southern and Northern Cyprus, Zypern, Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, Κύπρος, Ὀφίουσα.