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Markup language

Index Markup language

In computer text processing, a markup language is a system for annotating a document in a way that is syntactically distinguishable from the text. [1]

87 relations: Academy, Anders Berglund, Annotation, Association for Computing Machinery, Blue pencil (editing), Brian Reid (computer scientist), Cambridge, Massachusetts, Carnegie Mellon University, Charles Goldfarb, Communications of the ACM, Comparison of document markup languages, Compatible Time-Sharing System, Curl (programming language), Dan Connolly (computer scientist), Data model, Database transaction, De facto standard, Digital media, DocBook, Document, Document type definition, Donald Knuth, Dr. Dobb's Journal, Grammar, HTML, HTML element, Hypertext, IBM, IBM Generalized Markup Language, IBM Research - Almaden, International Organization for Standardization, Internet, Internet Engineering Task Force, Jon Bosak, LaTeX, Lightweight markup language, List of markup languages, List of XML markup languages, Manuscript, Markdown, Metalanguage, Nroff, Playlist, PostScript, Presentation semantics, Printing, Programming language, Proofreading, RDF/XML, Resource Description Framework, ..., ReStructuredText, Rule of least power, Scribe (markup language), SGMLguid, Silicon Valley, SOAP, Standard Generalized Markup Language, Steven DeRose, Style sheet language, Syntax (logic), Tampere University of Technology, TeX, Text Encoding Initiative, Tim Berners-Lee, Trial and error, Troff, Typeface, Typesetting, TYPSET and RUNOFF, Unix, User interface, Vector graphics, Web Ontology Language, Web service, Web syndication, Wiki, Wikipedia, William W. Tunnicliffe, World Wide Web, World Wide Web Consortium, WYSIWYG, XForms, XHTML, XHTML+MathML+SVG, XHTML+SMIL, XML, XML schema. Expand index (37 more) »


An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.

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Anders Berglund

Anders Berglund (born 21 July 1948) is a Swedish arranger, composer, conductor, pianist and musician.

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An annotation is a metadatum (e.g. a post, explanation, markup) attached to location or other data.

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Association for Computing Machinery

The Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) is an international learned society for computing.

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Blue pencil (editing)

A blue pencil is a pencil traditionally used by an editor or sub-editor to show corrections to a written copy.

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Brian Reid (computer scientist)

Brian Keith Reid (born 1949) is an American computer scientist.

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Cambridge, Massachusetts

Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area.

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Carnegie Mellon University

Carnegie Mellon University (commonly known as CMU) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Charles Goldfarb

Charles F. Goldfarb is known as the father of Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and grandfather of HTML and the World Wide Web.

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Communications of the ACM

Communications of the ACM is the monthly journal of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).

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Comparison of document markup languages

The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of document markup languages.

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Compatible Time-Sharing System

The Compatible Time-Sharing System (CTSS), was one of the first time-sharing operating systems; it was developed at the MIT Computation Center.

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Curl (programming language)

Curl is a reflective object-oriented programming language for interactive web applications whose goal is to provide a smoother transition between formatting and programming.

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Dan Connolly (computer scientist)

Dan Connolly (born 1967) is an American computer scientist who was closely involved with the creation of the world-wide web as a member of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).

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Data model

A data model (or datamodel) is a set of tables, linked by relationships and is an abstract model that organizes elements of data and standardizes how they relate to one another and to properties of the real world entities.

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Database transaction

A transaction symbolizes a unit of work performed within a database management system (or similar system) against a database, and treated in a coherent and reliable way independent of other transactions.

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De facto standard

A standard is a custom or convention that has achieved a dominant position by public acceptance or market forces (for example, by early entrance to the market).

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Digital media

Digital media are any media that are encoded in machine-readable formats.

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DocBook is a semantic markup language for technical documentation.

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A document is a written, drawn, presented, or memorialized representation of thought.

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Document type definition

A document type definition (DTD) is a set of markup declarations that define a document type for an SGML-family markup language (SGML, XML, HTML).

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Donald Knuth

Donald Ervin Knuth (born January 10, 1938) is an American computer scientist, mathematician, and professor emeritus at Stanford University.

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Dr. Dobb's Journal


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In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

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Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.

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HTML element

An HTML element is an individual component of an HTML document or web page, once this has been parsed into the Document Object Model.

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Hypertext is text displayed on a computer display or other electronic devices with references (hyperlinks) to other text that the reader can immediately access, or where text can be revealed progressively at multiple levels of detail (also called StretchText).

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The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.

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IBM Generalized Markup Language

Generalized Markup Language (GML) is a set of macros that implement intent-based (procedural) markup tags for the IBM text formatter, SCRIPT.

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IBM Research - Almaden

IBM Research - Almaden is in Almaden Valley, San Jose, California, and is one of IBM's twelve worldwide research labs that form IBM Research.

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International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

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The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.

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Internet Engineering Task Force

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).

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Jon Bosak

Jon Bosak led the creation of the XML specification at the W3C.

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LaTeX (or; a shortening of Lamport TeX) is a document preparation system.

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Lightweight markup language

A lightweight markup language (LML), also termed a simple or humane markup language, is a markup language with simple, unobtrusive syntax.

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List of markup languages

This is a list of markup languages.

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List of XML markup languages

This is a list of XML markup languages.

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A manuscript (abbreviated MS for singular and MSS for plural) was, traditionally, any document written by hand -- or, once practical typewriters became available, typewritten -- as opposed to being mechanically printed or reproduced in some indirect or automated way.

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Markdown is a lightweight markup language with plain text formatting syntax.

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Broadly, any metalanguage is language or symbols used when language itself is being discussed or examined.

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nroff (short for "new roff") is a Unix text-formatting program.

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A playlist is a list of video or audio files that can be played back on a media player either sequentially or in a shuffled order.

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PostScript (PS) is a page description language in the electronic publishing and desktop publishing business.

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Presentation semantics

In computer science, particularly in human-computer interaction, presentation semantics specify how a particular piece of a formal language is represented in a distinguished manner accessible to human senses, usually human vision.

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Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template.

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Programming language

A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instructions that can be used to produce various kinds of output.

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Proofreading is the reading of a galley proof or an electronic copy of a publication to detect and correct production errors of text or art.

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RDF/XML is a syntax,, W3C defined by the W3C, to express (i.e. serialize) an RDF graph as an XML document.

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Resource Description Framework

The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a family of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specifications originally designed as a metadata data model.

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reStructuredText (sometimes abbreviated as RST, ReST, or reST) is a file format for textual data used primarily in the Python programming language community for technical documentation.

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Rule of least power

In programming, the rule of least power is a design principle that "suggests choosing the least powerful language suitable for a given purpose".

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Scribe (markup language)

Scribe is a markup language and word processing system which pioneered the use of descriptive markup.

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SGMLguid, also known as "CERN SGML", "Waterloo based SGML", and "Waterloo SGML", was an early SGML specification developed and used at CERN between 1986 and 1990.

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Silicon Valley

Silicon Valley (abbreviated as SV) is a region in the southern San Francisco Bay Area of Northern California, referring to the Santa Clara Valley, which serves as the global center for high technology, venture capital, innovation, and social media.

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SOAP (originally Simple Object Access Protocol) is a messaging protocol specification for exchanging structured information in the implementation of web services in computer networks.

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Standard Generalized Markup Language

The Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML; ISO 8879:1986) is a standard for defining generalized markup languages for documents.

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Steven DeRose

Steven J DeRose (born 1960) is a computer scientist noted for his contributions to Computational Linguistics and to key standards related to document processing, mostly around ISO's Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and W3C's Extensible Markup Language (XML).

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Style sheet language

A style sheet language, or style language, is a computer language that expresses the presentation of structured documents.

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Syntax (logic)

In logic, syntax is anything having to do with formal languages or formal systems without regard to any interpretation or meaning given to them.

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Tampere University of Technology

Tampere University of Technology (TUT) (Tampereen teknillinen yliopisto (TTY)) is Finland's second-largest university in engineering sciences.

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TeX (see below), stylized within the system as TeX, is a typesetting system (or "formatting system") designed and mostly written by Donald Knuth and released in 1978.

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Text Encoding Initiative

The Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) is a text-centric community of practice in the academic field of digital humanities, operating continuously since the 1980s.

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Tim Berners-Lee

Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee (born 8 June 1955), also known as TimBL, is an English engineer and computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web.

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Trial and error

Trial and error is a fundamental method of problem solving.

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troff is the major component of a document processing system developed by AT&T Corporation for the Unix operating system.

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In typography, a typeface (also known as font family) is a set of one or more fonts each composed of glyphs that share common design features.

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Typesetting is the composition of text by means of arranging physical typesDictionary.com Unabridged.

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RUNOFF was the first computer text formatting program to see significant use.

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Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.

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User interface

The user interface (UI), in the industrial design field of human–computer interaction, is the space where interactions between humans and machines occur.

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Vector graphics

Vector graphics are computer graphics images that are defined in terms of 2D points, which are connected by lines and curves to form polygons and other shapes.

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Web Ontology Language

The Web Ontology Language (OWL) is a family of knowledge representation languages for authoring ontologies.

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Web service

The term web service is either.

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Web syndication

Web syndication is a form of syndication, or; license to broadcast, in which content is made available from one website to other sites.

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A wiki is a website on which users collaboratively modify content and structure directly from the web browser.

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Wikipedia is a multilingual, web-based, free encyclopedia that is based on a model of openly editable content.

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William W. Tunnicliffe

William Warren Tunnicliffe (April 22, 1922 – September 12, 1996) is credited by Charles Goldfarb as being the first person (1967) to articulate the idea of separating the definition of formatting from the structure of content in electronic documents (separation of presentation and content).

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World Wide Web

The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.

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World Wide Web Consortium

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or W3).

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WYSIWYG is an acronym for "what you see is what you get".

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XForms is an XML format used for collecting inputs from web forms.

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Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) is part of the family of XML markup languages.

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XHTML+MathML+SVG is a W3C standard that describes an integration of MathML and Scalable Vector Graphics semantics with XHTML and Cascading Style Sheets.

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XHTML+SMIL is a W3C Note that describes an integration of SMIL semantics with XHTML and CSS.

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In computing, Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.

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XML schema

An XML schema is a description of a type of XML document, typically expressed in terms of constraints on the structure and content of documents of that type, above and beyond the basic syntactical constraints imposed by XML itself.

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Redirects here:

Document markup language, Generalized markup, Mark-up language, Mark-up languages, Markup (computer programming), Markup (computing), Markup Language, Markup element, Markup languages, Tag-based language.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Markup_language

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