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Index IBM

The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries. [1]

398 relations: A Boy and His Atom, Advanced Micro Devices, Alfred Amoroso, Ambassadors of the United States, American Airlines, American Express, American football, Amo Houghton, Analytics, Apache Derby, Apple Inc., Applicant tracking system, Arcadia Publishing, Armonk, New York, Arthur K. Watson, Artificial intelligence, ASOS.com, Astor Place, AT&T, Augusta National Golf Club, Austin, Texas, Australian Open, Automated teller machine, Bangalore, Barack Obama, Barron's (newspaper), Beijing, Beijing National Stadium, Berkshire Hathaway, Bill Carollo, Binghamton, New York, Blue Gene, Bluemix, Board of directors, Boeing, Box (company), Boy Scouts of America, Brad Rutter, Brian McBride (director), Brown v. Board of Education, Bundy Manufacturing Company, Business, C. Michael Armstrong, Cabinet of the United States, Call centre, Cambridge Scientific Center, Canadian Astronaut Corps, Cemex, Charles Ranlett Flint, CICS, ..., Cisco Systems, Citizens Financial Group, Citrix Systems, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Cloud computing, Cognitive computing, Columbia University, Commerce, Commoditization, Communications of the ACM, Commuting, Computer hardware, Computer program, Computer Sciences Corporation, Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company, Consolidation (business), Consultant, Corporate spin-off, Cross-platform, Cryptographic splitting, Data, Data center, David T. Kearns, Dayton, Ohio, Dedicated hosting service, Dehomag, Delhi, Detroit, Donald Riegle, Dow Chemical Company, Dow Jones Industrial Average, Dress code, Dynamic random-access memory, Eclipse (software), Economic growth, Ed Iacobucci, Ed Zschau, Edwin Black, Eero Saarinen, Electronic Data Systems, Ellen Alemany, Employee retention, Employment, Endicott, New York, Extreme Blue, Fabless manufacturing, Facebook, Fast Company (magazine), Federal government of the United States, FICO, Finance, Flash file system, Floppy disk, Ford Motor Company, Fortran, Fortune (magazine), Fortune 500, Frances E. Allen, French Open, G. Richard Thoman, Genetic testing, Georg Bednorz, George J. Laurer, Gerd Binnig, Ginni Rometty, Glenn Andrews, GlobalFoundries, Graphic designer, Green company, Groupon, Hard disk drive, Harvard University Press, Harvey Mudd College, Hasso Plattner, Health insurance, Heinrich Rohrer, Helvetica, Herman Hollerith, Holding company, Honor Award, Human resource management, Human Rights Campaign, Humanitarian aid, Hursley House, I. M. Pei, IBM (atoms), IBM 704, IBM and the Holocaust, IBM Austin Research Laboratory, IBM Big Blue (X-League), IBM Building (Seattle), IBM Building, Johannesburg, IBM Canada Head Office Building, IBM China Research Laboratory, IBM cloud computing, IBM Cloud Video, IBM DeveloperWorks, IBM Fellow, IBM Haifa Research Laboratory, IBM Hakozaki Facility, IBM India Research Laboratory, IBM mainframe, IBM Master Inventor, IBM Personal Computer, IBM Plex, IBM POWER microprocessors, IBM Redbooks, IBM Research, IBM Research - Almaden, IBM Research – Africa, IBM Research – Australia, IBM Research – Brazil, IBM Research – Ireland, IBM Research – Tokyo, IBM Research – Zurich, IBM Rochester, IBM Rome Software Lab, IBM Secure Blue, IBM Selectric typewriter, IBM Somers Office Complex, IBM System x, IBM System/360, IBM System/370, IBM Toronto Software Lab, IBM Yamato Facility, Information technology consulting, Information technology outsourcing, Infrastructure as a service, Interbrand, International Components for Unicode, Internet hosting service, Internet of things, Internship, Invention, Israel, IT infrastructure, J. M. Coetzee, Java (programming language), Jeopardy!, Jim Ross Lightfoot, John Henry Patterson (NCR owner), John McClelland (businessman), John W. Thompson, Johnson & Johnson, Julie Payette, K. Alex Müller, Katherine Harris, Ken Jennings, Kenexa, Kenneth Simonds, Keypunch, Lee T. Todd Jr., Lenovo, Leo Esaki, Lexmark, Linux, Linux kernel, Linux Technology Center, Lisa Su, List of African-American United States Cabinet Secretaries, List of ambassadors of the United States to France, List of ambassadors of the United States to Russia, List of ambassadors of the United States to Slovakia, List of electronics brands, List of female United States Cabinet Secretaries, List of IBM products, List of international subsidiaries of IBM, List of largest Internet companies, List of largest manufacturing companies by revenue, List of mergers and acquisitions by IBM, List of national presidents of the Boy Scouts of America, List of tallest buildings in Beijing, Logo, Louis V. Gerstner Jr., Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, LWN.net, Machine learning, Macintosh, Mack Mattingly, Macy's, Magnetic stripe card, Mainframe computer, Management, Manhattan, Maria Klawe, Mark N. Greene, Mark Oldman, Market (economics), Masters Tournament, McGraw-Hill Education, Melanoma, Melbourne, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Men's major golf championships, Microsoft, Middleware, Mike Massimino, MIT Press, Mobile app, Mobile computing, MVS, Nairobi, Nanotechnology, NASA, National Building Museum, National Football League, National Medal of Science, National Medal of Technology and Innovation, Natural language processing, Nazi Germany, NCR Corporation, New York (state), New York City, Newsweek, Nintendo, Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize in Literature, Olympic Games, Oncology, One Atlantic Center, Open Source Initiative, Open-source license, Open-source model, OS/VS1, Outsourcing, Oxford University Press, Patent, Patricia Roberts Harris, Paul Rand, Peace Corps, Personal computer, Platform as a service, PlayStation 3, Pollution, President of the United States, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Professional golf tours, Public company, Rangers F.C., Reduced instruction set computer, Relational database management system, Relational model, Research, Research and development, Research Triangle Park, Rio de Janeiro, RJR Nabisco, Robert Garcia (New York politician), Robert Mendenhall, Ross Perot, S&P 100, S&P 500 Index, Sabre (computer system), Salesforce.com, Samuel K. Skinner, SAP SE, São Paulo, Scanning tunneling microscope, SCO Group, Inc. v. International Business Machines Corp., Scott Walker (politician), Security, Semiconductor, Sesame Street, Sesame Workshop, Shanghai, Smart grid, Smarter Planet, Social Security Act, SoftLayer, Software, Software as a service, Software developer, Software framework, SPSS, SPSS Inc., SQL, Statistics, Steve Ward (businessman), SUNY Press, Superconductivity, Sustainable development, Swap (finance), Tabulating machine, Tech companies in the New York metropolitan area, Technology company, Tencent, Tennis, Teradata, The Championships, Wimbledon, The New York Times, The Weather Company, Think (IBM), ThinkCentre, ThinkPad, Thom Tillis, Thomas J. Manton, Thomas J. Watson, Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Thomas Watson Jr., Tim Cook, Todd Akin, Top 100 Contractors of the U.S. federal government, Toronto, Tour Eqho, Traffic congestion, Transaction processing, Turing Award, Twitter, Ulrich Steinhilper, Under Armour, United States, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States House of Representatives, United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, United States Secretary of Transportation, United States Senate, Universal Product Code, University of Kentucky, University of Michigan, Unstructured data, US Open (tennis), Video game console, Vincent Obsitnik, Virtual machine, VMware, Vote Smart, Warren Buffett, Washington, D.C., Water resource management, Watson (computer), Weather forecasting, Weather Underground (weather service), Web hosting service, Western Governors University, White House Chief of Staff, Wii U, Wisconsin, Women in World History, Working Mother, World Bank, X-League, X86, Xbox 360, Xerox, Yahoo!, 1250 René-Lévesque, 2008 Summer Olympics, 330 North Wabash. Expand index (348 more) »

A Boy and His Atom

A Boy and His Atom is a 2013 stop-motion animated short film released on YouTube by IBM Research.

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Advanced Micro Devices

Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.

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Alfred Amoroso

Alfred J. Amoroso (born 1950) is an American board member and former chairman of Yahoo!.

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Ambassadors of the United States

The diplomats serving as ambassadors of the United States of America to individual nations of the world, to international organizations, and ambassadors-at-large change regularly for various reasons, such as reassignment or retirement.

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American Airlines

American Airlines, Inc. (AA) is a major United States airline headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, within the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex.

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American Express

The American Express Company, also known as Amex, is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Three World Financial Center in New York City.

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American football

American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.

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Amo Houghton

Amory "Amo" Houghton Jr. (born August 7, 1926) is a Republican politician from the U.S. state of New York, a retired member of the House of Representatives, and member of one of upstate New York's most prominent families in business, the Houghton family.

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Analytics is the discovery, interpretation, and communication of meaningful patterns in data.

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Apache Derby

Apache Derby (previously distributed as IBM Cloudscape) is a relational database management system (RDBMS) developed by the Apache Software Foundation that can be embedded in Java programs and used for online transaction processing.

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Apple Inc.

Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.

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Applicant tracking system

An applicant tracking system (ATS) is a software application that enables the electronic handling of recruitment needs.

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Arcadia Publishing

Arcadia Publishing is an American publisher of neighborhood, local, and regional history of the United States in pictorial form.

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Armonk, New York

Armonk is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the town of North Castle, New York located in Westchester County.

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Arthur K. Watson

Arthur Kittredge "Dick" Watson (April 23, 1919 – July 26, 1974) served as president of IBM World Trade Corporation and United States Ambassador to France.

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Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.

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Asos.com is a British online fashion and beauty retailer.

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Astor Place

Astor Place is a short, two-block street in NoHo/East Village, in the lower part of the New York City borough of Manhattan.

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AT&T Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered at Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas, Texas.

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Augusta National Golf Club

Augusta National Golf Club, located in Augusta, Georgia, is one of the most famous golf clubs in the world.

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Austin, Texas

Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties.

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Australian Open

The Australian Open is a tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Melbourne, Australia.

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Automated teller machine

An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.

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Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.

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Barack Obama

Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.

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Barron's (newspaper)

Barron's is an American weekly newspaper published by Dow Jones & Company, a property of News Corp.

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Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.

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Beijing National Stadium

Beijing National Stadium, officially the National Stadium, also known as the Bird's Nest, is a stadium in Beijing.

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Berkshire Hathaway

Berkshire Hathaway Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska, United States.

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Bill Carollo

William F. "Bill" Carollo (born November 27, 1951) is a retired American football official who officiated National Football League (NFL) games from 1989 through 2008.

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Binghamton, New York

Binghamton is a city in, and the county seat of, Broome County, New York, United States.

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Blue Gene

Blue Gene is an IBM project aimed at designing supercomputers that can reach operating speeds in the PFLOPS (petaFLOPS) range, with low power consumption.

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IBM Bluemix is a cloud platform as a service (PaaS) developed by IBM.

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Board of directors

A board of directors is a recognized group of people who jointly oversee the activities of an organization, which can be either a for-profit business, nonprofit organization, or a government agency.

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The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.

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Box (company)

Box (formerly Box.net), based in Redwood City, California, is a cloud content management and file sharing service for businesses.

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Boy Scouts of America

The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) is one of the largest Scouting organizations in the United States of America and one of the largest youth organizations in the United States, with more than 2.4 million youth participants and nearly one million adult volunteers.

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Brad Rutter

Bradford Gates Rutter (born January 31, 1978) is the highest-earning contestant on the U.S. syndicated game show Jeopardy! and also the highest-earning American game show contestant of all time.

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Brian McBride (director)

Brian James McBride is the chairman of ASOS.com, the online fashion retailer, and chairman of Wiggle Ltd, the online cycling and tri-sports business.

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Brown v. Board of Education

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.

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Bundy Manufacturing Company

The Bundy Manufacturing Company was a 19th-century American manufacturer of timekeeping devices that went through a series of mergers, eventually becoming part of International Business Machines then Simplex Time Recorder Company.

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Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).

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C. Michael Armstrong

C Michael Armstrong (born October 18, 1938 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American business executive and former AT&T chairman and CEO.

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Cabinet of the United States

The Cabinet of the United States is part of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States that normally acts as an advisory body to the President of the United States.

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Call centre

A call centre or call center is a centralised office used for receiving or transmitting a large volume of requests by telephone.

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Cambridge Scientific Center

The IBM Cambridge Scientific Center was a company research laboratory established in February 1964 in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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Canadian Astronaut Corps

The Canadian Astronaut Corps is a unit of the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) that selects, trains, and provides astronauts as crew members for U.S. and Russian space missions.

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CEMEX S.A.B. de C.V., known as Cemex, is a Mexican multinational building materials company headquartered in San Pedro, near Monterrey, Mexico.

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Charles Ranlett Flint

Charles Ranlett Flint (January 24, 1850 – February 26, 1934) was the founder of the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company which later became IBM.

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Customer Information Control System (CICS) is a family of mixed language application servers that provide online transaction management and connectivity for applications on IBM Mainframe systems under z/OS and z/VSE.

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Cisco Systems

Cisco Systems, Inc. is an American multinational technology conglomerate headquartered in San Jose, California, in the center of Silicon Valley, that develops, manufactures and sells networking hardware, telecommunications equipment and other high-technology services and products.

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Citizens Financial Group

Citizens Financial Group, Inc. is an American bank headquartered in Providence, Rhode Island, which operates in the states of Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Vermont.

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Citrix Systems

Citrix Systems, Inc. is an American multinational software company that provides server, application and desktop virtualization, networking, software as a service (SaaS), and cloud computing technologies.

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Civil Rights Act of 1964

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark civil rights and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.

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Cloud computing

Cloud computing is an information technology (IT) paradigm that enables ubiquitous access to shared pools of configurable system resources and higher-level services that can be rapidly provisioned with minimal management effort, often over the Internet.

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Cognitive computing

Cognitive computing (CC) describes technology platforms that, broadly speaking, are based on the scientific disciplines of artificial intelligence and signal processing.

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Columbia University

Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.

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Commerce relates to "the exchange of goods and services, especially on a large scale.” Commerce includes legal, economic, political, social, cultural and technological systems that operate in any country or internationally.

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In business literature, commoditization is defined as the process by which goods that have economic value and are distinguishable in terms of attributes (uniqueness or brand) end up becoming simple commodities in the eyes of the market or consumers.

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Communications of the ACM

Communications of the ACM is the monthly journal of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).

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Commuting is periodically recurring travel between one's place of residence and place of work, or study, and in doing so exceed the boundary of their residential community.

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Computer hardware

Computer hardware includes the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the central processing unit, monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.

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Computer program

A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.

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Computer Sciences Corporation

Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) was an American multinational corporation that provided information technology (IT) services and professional services.

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Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company

The Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) was a holding company of manufacturers of record-keeping and measuring systems subsequently known as IBM.

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Consolidation (business)

In business, consolidation or amalgamation is the merger and acquisition of many smaller companies into a few much larger ones.

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A consultant (from consultare "to deliberate") is a professional who provides expert advice in a particular area such as security (electronic or physical), management, education, accountancy, law, human resources, marketing (and public relations), finance, engineering, science or any of many other specialized fields.

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Corporate spin-off

A corporate spin-off, also known as a spin-out, or starburst, is a type of corporate action where a company "splits off" a section as a separate business.

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In computing, cross-platform software (also multi-platform software or platform-independent software) is computer software that is implemented on multiple computing platforms.

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Cryptographic splitting

Cryptographic splitting, also known as cryptographic bit splitting or cryptographic data splitting, is a technique for securing data over a computer network.

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Data is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables.

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Data center

A data center (American English) or data centre (Commonwealth English) is a facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems.

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David T. Kearns

David Todd Kearns (August 11, 1930February 25, 2011) was an American businessman who was CEO of Xerox Corporation (1982–1990) and Deputy Secretary of the U.S. Department of Education (1991–1993).

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Dayton, Ohio

Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.

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Dedicated hosting service

A dedicated hosting service, dedicated server, or managed hosting service is a type of Internet hosting in which the client leases an entire server not shared with anyone else.

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Dehomag was a German subsidiary of IBM with monopoly in the German market before and during World War II.

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Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.

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Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.

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Donald Riegle

Donald Wayne Riegle Jr. (born February 4, 1938) is an American politician, author and businessman from Michigan, who served for five terms as a Representative and for three terms as a Senator in the U.S. Congress.

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Dow Chemical Company

The Dow Chemical Company, commonly referred to as Dow, is an American multinational chemical corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States, and the predecessor of the merged company DowDuPont.

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Dow Jones Industrial Average

The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), or simply the Dow, is a stock market index that shows how 30 large, publicly owned companies based in the United States have traded during a standard trading session in the stock market.

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Dress code

A dress code is a set of written and, more often, unwritten rules with regard to clothing.

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Dynamic random-access memory

Dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) is a type of random access semiconductor memory that stores each bit of data in a separate tiny capacitor within an integrated circuit.

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Eclipse (software)

Eclipse is an integrated development environment (IDE) used in computer programming, and is the most widely used Java IDE.

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Economic growth

Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.

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Ed Iacobucci

Edward E. Iacobucci (September 26, 1953 – June 21, 2013) was an American businessman who co–founded Citrix Systems.

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Ed Zschau

Edwin Van Wyck "Ed" Zschau (born January 6, 1940) represented California's 12th District in the United States House of Representatives from 1983 to 1987.

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Edwin Black

Edwin Black is a Jewish-American syndicated columnist and investigative journalist.

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Eero Saarinen

Eero Saarinen (August 20, 1910 – September 1, 1961) was a Finnish American architect and industrial designer noted for his neo-futuristic style.

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Electronic Data Systems

Electronic Data Systems (EDS) was an American multinational information technology equipment and services company headquartered in Plano, Texas.

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Ellen Alemany

Ellen Rose Alemany is an American banker.

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Employee retention

Employee retention refers to the ability of an organization to retain its employees.

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Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee.

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Endicott, New York

Endicott is a village in Broome County, New York, United States.

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Extreme Blue

Extreme Blue is IBM's premier internship program for both graduate and undergraduate students; it also serves as a placement opportunity for future IBM employment due to the significant effort put into placement of the interns.

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Fabless manufacturing

Fabless manufacturing is the design and sale of hardware devices and semiconductor chips while outsourcing the fabrication (or "fab") of the devices to a specialized manufacturer called a semiconductor foundry.

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Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.

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Fast Company (magazine)

Fast Company is a monthly American business magazine published in print and online that focuses on technology, business, and design.

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Federal government of the United States

The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.

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FICO (Fair Isaac Corporation), originally Fair, Isaac and Company, is a data analytics company based in San Jose, California focused on credit scoring services.

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Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities (known as elements of the balance statement) over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty.

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Flash file system

A flash file system is a file system designed for storing files on flash memory–based storage devices.

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Floppy disk

A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.

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Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.

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Fortran (formerly FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.

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Fortune (magazine)

Fortune is an American multinational business magazine headquartered in New York City, United States.

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Fortune 500

The Fortune 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for their respective fiscal years.

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Frances E. Allen

Frances Elizabeth "Fran" Allen (born August 4, 1932) is an American computer scientist and pioneer in the field of optimizing compilers.

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French Open

The French Open (Championnats Internationaux de France de Tennis), officially called Roland-Garros, is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks between late May and early June at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris, France.

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G. Richard Thoman

Gordon Richard Thoman (often known as G. Richard Thoman or Rick Thoman) is an American businessman who was President and CEO of Xerox Corporation, and CFO and Senior Vice President of IBM.

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Genetic testing

Genetic testing, also known as DNA testing, allows the determination of bloodlines and the genetic diagnosis of vulnerabilities to inherited diseases.

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Georg Bednorz

Johannes Georg Bednorz (born May 16, 1950) is a German physicist who, together with K. Alex Müller, discovered high-temperature superconductivity in ceramics, for which they shared the 1987 Nobel Prize in Physics.

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George J. Laurer

George Joseph Laurer (born September 23, 1925 in New York, NY) developed the Universal Product Code, commonly known as the barcode, in 1973.

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Gerd Binnig

Gerd Binnig (born 20 July 1947) is a German physicist, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986 for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope.

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Ginni Rometty

Virginia Marie "Ginni" Rometty (born July 29, 1957) is an American business executive.

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Glenn Andrews

Arthur Glenn Andrews (January 15, 1909 – September 25, 2008), usually known as Glenn Andrews, was an American politician and a United States Representative from Alabama.

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GlobalFoundries is an American semiconductor foundry headquartered in Santa Clara, California, United States.

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Graphic designer

A graphic designer is a professional within the graphic design and graphic arts industry who assembles together images, typography, or motion graphics to create a piece of design.

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Green company

A green company claims to act in a way which minimizes damage to the environment.

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Groupon is an American worldwide e-commerce marketplace connecting subscribers with local merchants by offering activities, travel, goods and services in 15 countries.

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Hard disk drive

A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.

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Harvard University Press

Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.

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Harvey Mudd College

Harvey Mudd College (HMC) is a private residential liberal arts college in Claremont, California.

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Hasso Plattner

Hasso Plattner (born 21 January 1944) is a German businessman.

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Health insurance

Health insurance is insurance that covers the whole or a part of the risk of a person incurring medical expenses, spreading the risk over a large number of persons.

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Heinrich Rohrer

Heinrich Rohrer (6 June 1933 – 16 May 2013) was a Swiss physicist who shared half of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics with Gerd Binnig for the design of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM).

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Helvetica or Neue Haas Grotesk is a widely used sans-serif typeface developed in 1957 by Swiss typeface designer Max Miedinger with input from Eduard Hoffmann.

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Herman Hollerith

Herman Hollerith (February 29, 1860 – November 17, 1929) was an American inventor who developed an electromechanical punched card tabulator to assist in summarizing information and, later, accounting.

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Holding company

A holding company is a company that owns other companies' outstanding stock.

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Honor Award

The National Building Museum promotes excellence in architecture, engineering, construction, planning, and design.

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Human resource management

Human resource management (HRM or HR) is the strategic approach to the effective management of organization workers so that they help the business gain a competitive advantage, Commonly referred to as the HR Department, it is designed to maximize employee performance in service of an employer's strategic objectives.

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Human Rights Campaign

The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) is the largest LGBT civil rights advocacy group and political lobbying organization in the United States.

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Humanitarian aid

Humanitarian aid is material and logistic assistance to people who need help.

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Hursley House

Hursley House is an 18th-century Queen Anne style mansion in Hursley, near Winchester in the English county of Hampshire.

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I. M. Pei

Ieoh Ming Pei, FAIA, RIBA – website of Pei Cobb Freed & Partners (born 26 April 1917), commonly known as I. M.

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IBM (atoms)

IBM in atoms was a demonstration by IBM scientists in 1989 of a technology capable of manipulating individual atoms.

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IBM 704

The IBM 704, introduced by IBM in 1954, is the first mass-produced computer with floating-point arithmetic hardware.

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IBM and the Holocaust

IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation is a book by investigative journalist Edwin Black which details the business dealings of the American-based multinational corporation International Business Machines (IBM) and its German and other European subsidiaries with the government of Adolf Hitler during the 1930s and the years of World War II.

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IBM Austin Research Laboratory

The IBM Austin Research Laboratory (ARL) was established in 1995 and is one of twelve IBM Research laboratories worldwide.

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IBM Big Blue (X-League)

The IBM Big Blue are an American football team located in the Chiba, Chiba.

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IBM Building (Seattle)

The IBM Building is a 20-story skyscraper in the Metropolitan Tract at 1200 Fifth Avenue, Seattle, Washington.

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IBM Building, Johannesburg

The IBM Building is a skyscraper office building in the Central Business District of Johannesburg, South Africa.

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IBM Canada Head Office Building

IBM Canada's head offices are currently located in Markham, Ontario and have been there since the early 1980s.

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IBM China Research Laboratory

IBM China Research Laboratory (CRL) is one of the IBM Research's twelve major worldwide research laboratories.

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IBM cloud computing

IBM cloud computing is a set of cloud computing services for business offered by the information technology company IBM.

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IBM Cloud Video

IBM Cloud Video, formerly Ustream, is an American live video streaming and video hosting company.

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IBM DeveloperWorks

developerWorks is a free web-based professional network and technical resource center from IBM for software developers, IT professionals, and students worldwide.

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IBM Fellow

An IBM Fellow is an appointed position at IBM made by IBM's CEO.

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IBM Haifa Research Laboratory

IBM Haifa Research Laboratory is located in Haifa, Israel.

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IBM Hakozaki Facility

IBM Hakozaki Facility (IBM箱崎ビル or 三井倉庫箱崎ビル) in Nihonbashi-Hakozaki-cho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, Japan, is IBM's largest building in Japan, in terms of the number of people working there.

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IBM India Research Laboratory

IBM India Research Laboratory (IRL) is one of IBM's eight major worldwide research laboratories.

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IBM mainframe

IBM mainframes are large computer systems produced by IBM since 1952.

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IBM Master Inventor

An IBM Master Inventor is an individual selected by IBM.

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IBM Personal Computer

The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.

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IBM Plex

IBM Plex is an open source typeface superfamily conceptually developed by Mike Abbink (IBM) to reflect the brand spirit, beliefs and design principles of IBM and to be used for all brand experiences across the company internationally.

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IBM POWER microprocessors

IBM has a series of high performance microprocessors called POWER followed by a number designating generation, i.e. POWER1, POWER2, POWER3 and so forth up to the latest POWER9.

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IBM Redbooks

IBM Redbooks are technical content developed and published by IBM's International Technical Support Organization (ITSO).

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IBM Research

IBM Research is IBM's research and development division.

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IBM Research - Almaden

IBM Research - Almaden is in Almaden Valley, San Jose, California, and is one of IBM's twelve worldwide research labs that form IBM Research.

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IBM Research – Africa

IBM Research – Africa was officially launched by IBM and H.E. the President of Kenya, Hon.

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IBM Research – Australia

IBM Research – Australia is a research and development laboratory established by IBM Research in 2009 in Melbourne.

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IBM Research – Brazil

IBM Research – Brazil is one of twelve research laboratories comprising IBM Research, its first in South America.

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IBM Research – Ireland

In 2011, opened at the IBM Technology Campus located in Damastown Industrial Park, northwest of Dublin, Ireland as the first and only lab in the European Union.

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IBM Research – Tokyo

The IBM Research – Tokyo, which was called IBM Tokyo Research Laboratory (TRL) before January 2009, is one of IBM's twelve major worldwide research laboratories.

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IBM Research – Zurich

IBM Research – Zurich (previously called IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, ZRL) is the European branch of IBM Research.

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IBM Rochester

IBM Rochester is the facility of IBM in Rochester, Minnesota, not to be confused with the IBM Global Services facility in Rochester, New York.

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IBM Rome Software Lab

The IBM Rome Software Lab (formerly known as IBM Tivoli Rome Laboratory) is one of the largest software development laboratories in Italy, and one of the largest IBM Software Group Labs in Europe.

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IBM Secure Blue

Secure Blue is a type of computer hardware designed by IBM that enables data encryption to be built into a microprocessor.

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IBM Selectric typewriter

The IBM Selectric typewriter was a highly successful model line of electric typewriters introduced by IBM on 31 July 1961.

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IBM Somers Office Complex

The IBM Somers Office Complex is a complex of five office buildings formerly owned and occupied by IBM in Somers, New York, United States.

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IBM System x

The IBM System x computers formed a sub-brand of International Business Machines (IBM's) System brand servers, focusing on x86 processor equipped servers.

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IBM System/360

The IBM System/360 (S/360) is a family of mainframe computer systems that was announced by IBM on April 7, 1964, and delivered between 1965 and 1978.

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IBM System/370

The IBM System/370 (S/370) was a model range of IBM mainframe computers announced on June 30, 1970 as the successors to the System/360 family.

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IBM Toronto Software Lab

The IBM Toronto Software Lab is the largest software development laboratory in Canada, and IBM's third largest software lab.

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IBM Yamato Facility

IBM Yamato Facility located in the city of Yamato, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, is where IBM's research and development activities are done for IBM's worldwide and Asia-Pacific region market.

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Information technology consulting

In management, information technology consulting (also called IT consulting, computer consultancy, business and technology services, computing consultancy, technology consulting, and IT advisory) as a field of activity focuses on advising organizations on how best to use information technology (IT) in achieving their business objectives.

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Information technology outsourcing

Information technology (ΙΤ) outsourcing is a company's outsourcing of computer or Internet related work, such as programming, to other companies.

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Infrastructure as a service

Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) refers to online services that provide high-level APIs used to dereference various low-level details of underlying network infrastructure like physical computing resources, location, data partitioning, scaling, security, backup etc.

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Interbrand, a division of Omnicom, is a brand consultancy, specializing in areas such as brand strategy, brand analytics, brand valuation, corporate design, digital brand management, packaging design, and naming.

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International Components for Unicode

International Components for Unicode (ICU) is an open source project of mature C/C++ and Java libraries for Unicode support, software internationalization, and software globalization.

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Internet hosting service

An Internet hosting service is a service that runs Internet servers, allowing organizations and individuals to serve content to the Internet.

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Internet of things

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and connectivity which enables these things to connect and exchange data, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, resulting in efficiency improvements, economic benefits, and reduced human exertions.

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An internship is a period of work experience offered by an organisation for a limited period of time.

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An invention is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process.

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Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.

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IT infrastructure

Information technology infrastructure is defined broadly as a set of information technology (IT) components that are the foundation of an IT service; typically physical components (computer and networking hardware and facilities), but also various software and network components.

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J. M. Coetzee

John Maxwell Coetzee (born 9 February 1940) is a South African novelist, essayist, linguist, translator and recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Literature.

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Java (programming language)

Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.

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Jeopardy! is an American television game show created by Merv Griffin.

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Jim Ross Lightfoot

James Ross Lightfoot (born September 27, 1938) is a former Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from Iowa.

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John Henry Patterson (NCR owner)

John Henry Patterson (December 13, 1844May 7, 1922) was an industrialist and founder of the National Cash Register Company.

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John McClelland (businessman)

John Ferguson McClelland, CBE, FRSE, FRSA (born 1945, in Glasgow) is a Scottish businessman and a former chairman of Rangers F.C..

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John W. Thompson

John Wendell Thompson (born April 24, 1949) is the chairman of Microsoft.

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Johnson & Johnson

Johnson & Johnson is an American multinational medical devices, pharmaceutical and consumer packaged goods manufacturing company founded in 1886.

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Julie Payette

Julie Payette (born October 20, 1963) is the current Governor General of Canada, the 29th since Canadian Confederation.

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K. Alex Müller

Karl Alexander Müller (born April 20, 1927) is a Swiss physicist and Nobel laureate.

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Katherine Harris

Katherine Harris (born April 5, 1957) is an American politician, elected in 1998 as Secretary of State of Florida and in 2002 to the United States House of Representatives from Florida.

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Ken Jennings

Kenneth Wayne Jennings III (born May 23, 1974) is an American game show contestant and author.

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Kenexa, an IBM Company provides employment and retention services for hiring and retaining workers.

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Kenneth Simonds

Kenneth Wayne Simonds (May 5, 1935 – October 11, 2009) was an American businessman.

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A keypunch is a device for precisely punching holes into stiff paper cards at specific locations as determined by keys struck by a human operator.

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Lee T. Todd Jr.

Lee Trover Todd Jr. (born May 6, 1946 in Earlington, Kentucky) was the 11th president of the University of Kentucky in Lexington, Kentucky.

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Lenovo Group Ltd. or Lenovo PC International, often shortened to Lenovo (formerly stylized as lenovo), is a Chinese multinational technology company with headquarters in Beijing, China and Morrisville, North Carolina.

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Leo Esaki

Reona Esaki (江崎 玲於奈 Esaki Reona, born March 12, 1925), also known as Leo Esaki, is a Japanese physicist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1973 with Ivar Giaever and Brian David Josephson for his discovery of the phenomenon of electron tunneling.

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Lexmark International, Inc. is an American company that manufactures laser printers and imaging products.

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Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.

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Linux kernel

The Linux kernel is an open-source monolithic Unix-like computer operating system kernel.

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Linux Technology Center

The IBM Linux Technology Center (LTC) is an organization focused on development for the Linux kernel and related open-source software projects.

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Lisa Su

Lisa Su (born 1969) is a Taiwanese-American business executive and electrical engineer, and the CEO and president of Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).

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List of African-American United States Cabinet Secretaries

The Cabinet of the United States has had 22 African-American appointed officers.

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List of ambassadors of the United States to France

The United States Ambassador to France is the official representative of the President of the United States to the President of France.

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List of ambassadors of the United States to Russia

The Ambassador of the United States of America to the Russian Federation is the ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary from the United States of America to the Russian Federation.

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List of ambassadors of the United States to Slovakia

Until 1992 the Slovak Republic had been united with the Czech Republic as the nation of Czechoslovakia.

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List of electronics brands

This list of electronics brands is specialized as the list of brands of companies that provide electronics equipment.

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List of female United States Cabinet Secretaries

The United States Cabinet has had 36 female officers.

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List of IBM products

The following is a partial list of products, services, and subsidiaries of International Business Machines (IBM) Corporation and its predecessor corporations, beginning in the 1890s.

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List of international subsidiaries of IBM

IBM has had business internationally since before the company had a name.

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List of largest Internet companies

This is a list of the internet companies by revenue and market capitalization.

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List of largest manufacturing companies by revenue

The following is a list of the world's largest manufacturing companies, ordered by revenue in millions of U.S. dollars according to the Fortune Global 500 in the year 2012.

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List of mergers and acquisitions by IBM

The following is a partial list of IBM precursors, acquisitions and spinoffs.

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List of national presidents of the Boy Scouts of America

The national president is the leading volunteer of the Executive Board of the National Council of the Boy Scouts of America, a position comparable to the chairman of a board of directors.

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List of tallest buildings in Beijing

This list of tallest buildings in Beijing ranks skyscrapers in Beijing, the capital city of the People's Republic of China, by height.

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A logo (abbreviation of logotype, from λόγος logos "word" and τύπος typos "imprint") is a graphic mark, emblem, or symbol used to aid and promote public identification and recognition.

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Louis V. Gerstner Jr.

Louis Vincent Gerstner Jr. (born March 1, 1942 in Mineola, New York) is an American businessman, best known for his tenure as chairman of the board and chief executive officer of IBM from April 1993 until 2002, when he retired as CEO in March and chairman in December.

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Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies; March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German-American architect.

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LWN.net is a computing webzine with an emphasis on free software and software for Linux and other Unix-like operating systems.

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Machine learning

Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence in the field of computer science that often uses statistical techniques to give computers the ability to "learn" (i.e., progressively improve performance on a specific task) with data, without being explicitly programmed.

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The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.

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Mack Mattingly

Mack Francis Mattingly (born January 7, 1931) is an American diplomat and politician who served one term as a United States senator from Georgia, the first Republican to have served in the U.S. Senate from that state since Reconstruction.

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Macy's (originally R. H. Macy & Co.) (stylized macy*s) is an American department store chain founded in 1858 by Rowland Hussey Macy.

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Magnetic stripe card

A magnetic stripe card is a type of card capable of storing data by modifying the magnetism of tiny iron-based magnetic particles on a band of magnetic material on the card.

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Mainframe computer

Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.

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Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body.

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Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.

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Maria Klawe

Maria Margaret Klawe (born 1951) is a computer scientist and the fifth president of Harvey Mudd College (since July 1, 2006).

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Mark N. Greene

Mark N. Greene was CEO of OpenLink Software from September 2012 through September 2015.

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Mark Oldman

Mark Stanford Oldman (January 5, 1969) is an American entrepreneur, wine expert, and author of several books on wine.

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Market (economics)

A market is one of the many varieties of systems, institutions, procedures, social relations and infrastructures whereby parties engage in exchange.

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Masters Tournament

The Masters Tournament (usually referred to as simply The Masters, or the U.S. Masters outside of North America) is one of the four major championships in professional golf.

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McGraw-Hill Education

McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.

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Melanoma, also known as malignant melanoma, is a type of cancer that develops from the pigment-containing cells known as melanocytes.

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Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.

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Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK or MSKCC) is a cancer treatment and research institution in New York City, founded in 1884 as the New York Cancer Hospital.

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Men's major golf championships

The men's major golf championships, commonly known as the Major Championships, and often referred to simply as the majors, are the four most prestigious annual tournaments in professional golf.

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Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.

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Middleware is computer software that provides services to software applications beyond those available from the operating system.

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Mike Massimino

Michael James Massimino (born August 19, 1962) is an American professor of mechanical engineering at Columbia University and a former NASA astronaut.

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MIT Press

The MIT Press is a university press affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States).

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Mobile app

A mobile app is a computer program designed to run on a mobile device such as a phone/tablet or watch.

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Mobile computing

Mobile computing is human–computer interaction by which a computer is expected to be transported during normal usage, which allows for transmission of data, voice and video.

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Multiple Virtual Storage, more commonly called MVS, was the most commonly used operating system on the System/370 and System/390 IBM mainframe computers.

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Nairobi is the capital and the largest city of Kenya.

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Nanotechnology ("nanotech") is manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale.

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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National Building Museum

The National Building Museum is located at 401 F Street NW in Washington, D.C., United States.

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National Football League

The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).

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National Medal of Science

The National Medal of Science is an honor bestowed by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social sciences, biology, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and physics.

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National Medal of Technology and Innovation

The National Medal of Technology and Innovation (formerly the National Medal of Technology) is an honor granted by the President of the United States to American inventors and innovators who have made significant contributions to the development of new and important technology.

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Natural language processing

Natural language processing (NLP) is an area of computer science and artificial intelligence concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages, in particular how to program computers to process and analyze large amounts of natural language data.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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NCR Corporation

The NCR Corporation (originally National Cash Register) is a company that makes self-service kiosks, point-of-sale terminals, automated teller machines, check processing systems, barcode scanners, and business consumables.

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New York (state)

New York is a state in the northeastern United States.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.

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Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto.

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Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.

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Nobel Prize in Literature

The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").

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Olympic Games

The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.

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Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.

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One Atlantic Center

One Atlantic Center, also known as IBM Tower, is a skyscraper located in Midtown Atlanta, Georgia.

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Open Source Initiative

The Open Source Initiative (OSI) is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting open-source software.

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Open-source license

An open-source license is a type of license for computer software and other products that allows the source code, blueprint or design to be used, modified and/or shared under defined terms and conditions.

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Open-source model

The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.

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Operating System/Virtual Storage 1, or OS/VS1, is a discontinued IBM mainframe computer operating system designed to be run on IBM System/370 hardware.

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In business, outsourcing is an agreement in which one company contracts its own internal activity to a different company.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.

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Patricia Roberts Harris

Patricia Roberts Harris (May 31, 1924March 23, 1985) served in the American administration of President Jimmy Carter as United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, and United States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (which was renamed the Secretary of Health and Human Services during her tenure).

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Paul Rand

Paul Rand (born Peretz Rosenbaum; August 15, 1914 – November 26, 1996) was an American art director and graphic designer, best known for his corporate logo designs, including the logos for IBM, UPS, Enron, Morningstar, Inc., Westinghouse, ABC, and NeXT.

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Peace Corps

The Peace Corps is a volunteer program run by the United States government.

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Personal computer

A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.

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Platform as a service

Platform as a Service (PaaS) or application platform as a Service (aPaaS) or platform base service is a category of cloud computing services that provides a platform allowing customers to develop, run, and manage applications without the complexity of building and maintaining the infrastructure typically associated with developing and launching an app.

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PlayStation 3

The PlayStation 3 (PS3) is a home video game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.

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Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.

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President of the United States

The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.

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PricewaterhouseCoopers (doing business as PwC) is a multinational professional services network headquartered in London, United Kingdom.

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Professional golf tours

Professional golf tours are the means by which otherwise unconnected professional golf tournaments are organised into a regular schedule.

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Public company

A public company, publicly traded company, publicly held company, publicly listed company, or public corporation is a corporation whose ownership is dispersed among the general public in many shares of stock which are freely traded on a stock exchange or in over the counter markets.

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Rangers F.C.

Rangers Football Club are a football club in Glasgow, Scotland, who play in the Scottish Premiership, the first tier of the Scottish Professional Football League.

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Reduced instruction set computer

A reduced instruction set computer, or RISC (pronounced 'risk'), is one whose instruction set architecture (ISA) allows it to have fewer cycles per instruction (CPI) than a complex instruction set computer (CISC).

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Relational database management system

A relational database management system (RDBMS) is a database management system (DBMS) based on the relational model invented by Edgar F. Codd at IBM's San Jose Research Laboratory.

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Relational model

The relational model (RM) for database management is an approach to managing data using a structure and language consistent with first-order predicate logic, first described in 1969 by Edgar F. Codd, where all data is represented in terms of tuples, grouped into relations.

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Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.

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Research and development

Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.

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Research Triangle Park

The Research Triangle Park (RTP) is one of the largest research parks in the world.

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Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

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RJR Nabisco

RJR Nabisco, Inc., was an American conglomerate, selling tobacco and food products, headquartered in the Calyon Building in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.

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Robert Garcia (New York politician)

Robert Garcia (January 9, 1933 – January 25, 2017) was a United States Representative who represented New York's 21st district (South Bronx).

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Robert Mendenhall

Robert Winton Mendenhall is a pioneer of educational technology and entrepreneurship best known as the former president of Western Governors University (WGU).

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Ross Perot

Henry Ross Perot (born June 27, 1930) is an American business magnate and former politician.

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S&P 100

The S&P 100 Index is a stock market index of United States stocks maintained by Standard & Poor's.

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S&P 500 Index

The Standard & Poor's 500, often abbreviated as the S&P 500, or just the S&P, is an American stock market index based on the market capitalizations of 500 large companies having common stock listed on the NYSE or NASDAQ.

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Sabre (computer system)

Sabre Global Distribution System, owned by Sabre Holdings, is used by travel agents around the world with more than 400 airlines, 220,000 hotels, 42 car rental brands, 38 rail providers and 17 cruise lines.

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Salesforce.com, Inc. (styled in its logo as salesƒorce; abbreviated usually as SF or SFDC) is a US cloud computing company headquartered in San Francisco, California.

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Samuel K. Skinner

Samuel Knox Skinner (born June 10, 1938) is an American politician, lawyer, and businessman.

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SAP SE (Systeme, Anwendungen und Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung, "Systems, Applications & Products in Data Processing") is a German-based European multinational software corporation that makes enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations.

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São Paulo

São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.

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Scanning tunneling microscope

A scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is an instrument for imaging surfaces at the atomic level.

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SCO Group, Inc. v. International Business Machines Corp.

SCO v. IBM is a civil lawsuit in the United States District Court of Utah.

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Scott Walker (politician)

Scott Kevin Walker (born November 2, 1967) is an American politician serving as the 45th and current Governor of Wisconsin since 2011.

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Security is freedom from, or resilience against, potential harm (or other unwanted coercive change) from external forces.

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A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor – such as copper, gold etc.

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Sesame Street

Sesame Street is an American educational children's television series that combines live action, sketch comedy, animation and puppetry.

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Sesame Workshop

Sesame Workshop (SW), formerly Children's Television Workshop (CTW), is an American non-profit organization which has been responsible for the production of several educational children's programs—including its first and best-known, Sesame Street—that have been televised internationally.

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Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.

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Smart grid

A smart grid is an electrical grid which includes a variety of operational and energy measures including smart meters, smart appliances, renewable energy resources, and energy efficient resources.

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Smarter Planet

Smarter Planet is a corporate initiative of the information technology company IBM.

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Social Security Act

The Social Security Act of 1935, now codified as, created Social Security in the United States, and is relevant for US labor law.

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SoftLayer Technologies, Inc. is a dedicated server, managed hosting, and cloud computing provider, founded in 2005 and acquired by IBM in 2013.

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Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.

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Software as a service

Software as a service (SaaS) is a software licensing and delivery model in which software is licensed on a subscription basis and is centrally hosted.

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Software developer

A software developer is a person concerned with facets of the software development process, including the research, design, programming, and testing of computer software.

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Software framework

In computer programming, a software framework is an abstraction in which software providing generic functionality can be selectively changed by additional user-written code, thus providing application-specific software.

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SPSS Statistics is a software package used for interactive, or batched, statistical analysis.

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SPSS Inc. was a software house headquartered in Chicago and incorporated in Delaware, most noted for the proprietary software of the same name SPSS.

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SQL (S-Q-L, "sequel"; Structured Query Language) is a domain-specific language used in programming and designed for managing data held in a relational database management system (RDBMS), or for stream processing in a relational data stream management system (RDSMS).

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Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.

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Steve Ward (businessman)

Stephen M. Ward, Jr. (born 1955) is an American businessman who previously served as the Chief Executive Officer of Lenovo.

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SUNY Press

The State University of New York Press (or SUNY Press), is a university press and a Center for Scholarly Communication.

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Superconductivity is a phenomenon of exactly zero electrical resistance and expulsion of magnetic flux fields occurring in certain materials, called superconductors, when cooled below a characteristic critical temperature.

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Sustainable development

Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.

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Swap (finance)

A swap is a derivative contract where two parties exchange financial instruments.

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Tabulating machine

The tabulating machine was an electromechanical machine designed to assist in summarizing information stored on punched cards.

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Tech companies in the New York metropolitan area

Tech companies in the New York City metropolitan area represent a significant and growing economic component of the New York metropolitan area, the most populous combined statistical area in the United States and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

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Technology company

A technology company (often tech company) is a type of business entity that focuses primarily on the development and manufacturing of technology.

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Tencent Holdings Limited is a Chinese multinational investment holding conglomerate whose subsidiaries specialize in various Internet-related services and products, entertainment, artificial intelligence and technology both in China and globally.

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Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).

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Teradata Corporation is a provider of database and analytics-related products and services.

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The Championships, Wimbledon

The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is widely regarded as the most prestigious.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The Weather Company

The Weather Company is a weather forecasting and information technology company that owns and operates weather.com, intellicast.com, and Weather Underground.

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Think (IBM)

"THINK" is a slogan first used by Thomas J. Watson in December, 1911, while managing the sales and advertising departments at the National Cash Register Company.

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The ThinkCentre is a line of business-oriented desktop computers first produced by IBM, later Lenovo.

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ThinkPad is a line of laptop computers and tablets developed by Lenovo.

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Thom Tillis

Thomas Roland Tillis (born August 30, 1960) is an American politician and businessman serving as the junior United States Senator from North Carolina since 2015.

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Thomas J. Manton

Thomas J. Manton (November 3, 1932 – July 22, 2006) was a Democratic congressman.

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Thomas J. Watson

Thomas John Watson Sr. (February 17, 1874 – June 19, 1956) was an American businessman.

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Thomas J. Watson Research Center

The Thomas J. Watson Research Center is the headquarters for IBM Research.

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Thomas Watson Jr.

Thomas John Watson Jr. (January 14, 1914 – December 31, 1993) was an American businessman, political figure, and philanthropist.

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Tim Cook

Timothy Donald Cook (born November 1, 1960) is an American business executive and industrial engineer.

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Todd Akin

William Todd Akin (born July 5, 1947) is an American politician who is a former U.S. Representative for, serving from 2001 to 2013.

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Top 100 Contractors of the U.S. federal government

The Top 100 Contractors Report is a list developed annually by the U.S. General Services Administration as part of its tracking of U.S. federal government procurement.

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Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.

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Tour Eqho

Tour Eqho (also known as Tour IBM, and Tour Descartes) is an office skyscraper located in La Défense business district situated west of Paris, France.

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Traffic congestion

Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.

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Transaction processing

Transaction processing is information processing in computer science that is divided into individual, indivisible operations called transactions.

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Turing Award

The ACM A.M. Turing Award is an annual prize given by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) to an individual selected for contributions "of lasting and major technical importance to the computer field".

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Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".

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Ulrich Steinhilper

Ulrich Steinhilper (14 September 1918 – 20 October 2009) was a World War II Luftwaffe fighter ace who made numerous attempts to escape after he was shot down and captured.

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Under Armour

Under Armour, Inc. is an American company that manufactures footwear, sports, and casual apparel.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Environmental Protection Agency

The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.

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United States House of Representatives

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.

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United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

The United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development is the head of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, a member of the President's Cabinet, and twelfth in the Presidential line of succession.

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United States Secretary of Transportation

The United States Secretary of Transportation is the head of the United States Department of Transportation, a member of the President's Cabinet, and fourteenth in the Presidential Line of Succession.

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United States Senate

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.

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Universal Product Code

The Universal Product Code (UPC) is a barcode symbology that is widely used in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, in Europe and other countries for tracking trade items in stores.

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University of Kentucky

The University of Kentucky (UK) is a public co-educational university in Lexington, Kentucky.

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University of Michigan

The University of Michigan (UM, U-M, U of M, or UMich), often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

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Unstructured data

Unstructured data (or unstructured information) is information that either does not have a pre-defined data model or is not organized in a pre-defined manner.

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US Open (tennis)

The United States Open Tennis Championships is a hard court tennis tournament.

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Video game console

A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.

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Vincent Obsitnik

Vincent Obsitnik (born 1938) was sworn-in as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to the Slovak Republic on November 9, 2007 and served in this role until January 20, 2009.

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Virtual machine

In computing, a virtual machine (VM) is an emulation of a computer system.

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VMware, Inc. is a subsidiary of Dell Technologies that provides cloud computing and platform virtualization software and services.

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Vote Smart

Vote Smart, formerly called Project Vote Smart, is a non-profit, non-partisan research organization that collects and distributes information on candidates for public office in the United States.

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Warren Buffett

Warren Edward Buffett (born August 30, 1930) is an American business magnate, investor, and philanthropist who serves as the chairman and CEO of Berkshire Hathaway.

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Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.

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Water resource management

Water resource management is the activity of planning, developing, distributing and managing the optimum use of water resources.

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Watson (computer)

Watson is a question-answering computer system capable of answering questions posed in natural language, developed in IBM's DeepQA project by a research team led by principal investigator David Ferrucci.

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Weather forecasting

Weather forecasting is the application of science and technology to predict the conditions of the atmosphere for a given location and time.

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Weather Underground (weather service)

Weather Underground is a commercial weather service providing real-time weather information via the Internet.

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Web hosting service

A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to make their website accessible via the World Wide Web.

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Western Governors University

Western Governors University (WGU) is a private, nonprofit, online American university based in Salt Lake City, Utah.

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White House Chief of Staff

The White House Chief of Staff has traditionally been the highest-ranking non-elected employee of the White House.

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Wii U

The Wii U is a home video game console developed by Nintendo, and the successor to the Wii.

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Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.

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Women in World History

Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia is a 16-volume reference work of biographies of notable women.

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Working Mother

Working Mother magazine is a national magazine for career-committed mothers.

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World Bank

The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.

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The X-League (Xリーグ) is the top-level American football league in Japan.

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x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.

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Xbox 360

The Xbox 360 is a home video game console developed by Microsoft.

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Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.

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Yahoo! is a web services provider headquartered in Sunnyvale, California and wholly owned by Verizon Communications through Oath Inc..

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1250 René-Lévesque

1250 René-Lévesque, also known as the IBM-Marathon Tower, is a, 47-story skyscraper in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

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2008 Summer Olympics

The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China.

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330 North Wabash

330 North Wabash (formerly IBM Plaza also known as IBM Building and now renamed AMA Plaza) is a skyscraper in downtown Chicago, Illinois, United States, at 330 N. Wabash Avenue, designed by famed architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (who died in 1969 before construction began).

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM

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