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Printing

Index Printing

Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template. [1]

200 relations: Airshaft, Amulet, Anilox, Antimony, Arabic, Armenian alphabet, Ars moriendi, Asa Briggs, Bemis Company, Ben-Day dots, Bi Sheng, Biblia pauperum, Bleed (printing), Blueprint, Bookselling, British Library, Broadsheet, California job case, Camera-ready, Card stock, Catchword, CcMmYK color model, Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope, Cloud printing, CMYK color model, Colophon (publishing), Color bleeding (printing), Color printing, Composing stick, Computer to film, Computer to plate, Continuous tone, Contone (printing), Converters (industry), Cube, Cylinder seal, Cylinders of Nabonidus, Cyrus Cylinder, Daisy wheel printing, Diamond Sutra, Die (philately), Digital printing, Dot gain, Dot matrix printer, Dots per inch, Double truck, Drop (liquid), Dry transfer, Dultgen, Duotone, ..., Duplex printing, Dye-sublimation printer, Early modern period, Edition (printmaking), Edward Rothstein, Egypt in the Middle Ages, Electrostatics, Electrotyping, Elizabeth Eisenstein, Encyclopædia Britannica, Error diffusion, Flexography, Flong, Foil stamping, Folio, Font, For position only, Friedrich Koenig, Frisket, Galley proof, Gang run printing, Global spread of the printing press, Goryeo, Grammage, Great Britain, Grey component replacement, Guild, Gutenberg Bible, Halftone, Hand mould, Hanging, Hebrew language, Hectograph, Hellbox, Hexachrome, Hot metal typesetting, Hot stamping, HP Indigo Division, Ibrahim Muteferrika, Illinois Tool Works, Imposition, In-mould decoration, In-mould labelling, Industry, Ink, Inkjet printing, Inkometer, Intaglio (printmaking), Iris printer, Iron-on, ISO 216, Istanbul, Italy, Jang Yeong-sil, Jikji, Job Definition Format, Johannes Gutenberg, John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Key plate, Keyline, Kodak Proofing Software, Korea, Laser, Laser printing, Laurens Janszoon Coster, Letterpress printing, Line printer, Lithography, Logogram, Mail order, Marshall McLuhan, Matrix (printing), Mezzotint, Middle Ages, Mimeograph, Movable type, Murad III, Muslim world, Nanotransfer printing, Non-photo blue, Offset printing, Old master print, Ottoman Empire, Overprinting, Pad printing, Pagination, Paste up, Penguin Books, Peter Burke (historian), Playing card, Porcelain, Pre-flight (printing), Prentice Hall, Prepress, Prepress proofing, Press check (printing), Pressure, Print on demand, Printed electronics, Printed T-shirt, Printer (publishing), Printing press, Printmaking, Punchcutting, Quran, Registration black, Relief printing, Renaissance, Rich black, Richard March Hoe, Rotogravure, Samuel Hartlib, Scientific Revolution, Screen printing, Scribe, Security printing, Selim I, Set-off (printing), Solid ink, Spirit duplicator, Spot color, Stochastic screening, Terminology, Textile, Textile printing, The New York Times, Thermal printing, Thomas Francis Carter, Time Life, Tin, Toner, Transfer printing, Trap (printing), Turkish people, Turpan, Typography, Ulama, Under color removal, Vietnam, Viscosity, Wang Zhen (inventor), Waterless printing, William Bullock (inventor), William Carter (martyr), Woodblock printing, Woodcut, Xerography, 3D modeling, 3D printing. Expand index (150 more) »

Airshaft

In manufacturing, an airshaft is a device used for handling winding reels in the processing of web-fed materials, such as continuous-process printing presses.

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Amulet

An amulet is an object that is typically worn on one's person, that some people believe has the magical or miraculous power to protect its holder, either to protect them in general or to protect them from some specific thing; it is often also used as an ornament though that may not be the intended purpose of it.

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Anilox

In printing, anilox is a method used to provide a measured amount of ink to a flexo printing plate.

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Antimony

Antimony is a chemical element with symbol Sb (from stibium) and atomic number 51.

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Arabic

Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.

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Armenian alphabet

The Armenian alphabet (Հայոց գրեր Hayoc' grer or Հայոց այբուբեն Hayoc' aybowben; Eastern Armenian:; Western Armenian) is an alphabetical writing system used to write Armenian.

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Ars moriendi

The Ars moriendi ("The Art of Dying") are two related Latin texts dating from about 1415 and 1450 which offer advice on the protocols and procedures of a good death, explaining how to "die well" according to Christian precepts of the late Middle Ages.

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Asa Briggs

Asa Briggs, Baron Briggs (7 May 1921 – 15 March 2016) was an English historian.

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Bemis Company

Bemis Company, Inc. is a global manufacturer of flexible packaging products (ranging from self-venting cook-in-bag packaging and retort packaging for shelf-stable products, to vacuum packaging for meat products and puncture-resistant, sterile medical packaging) and pressure-sensitive materials.

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Ben-Day dots

The Ben-Day dots printing process, named after illustrator and printer Benjamin Henry Day, Jr., (son of 19th Century publisher Benjamin Henry Day) is a technique dating from 1879.

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Bi Sheng

Bì Shēng (990–1051 AD) was a Chinese artisan and inventor of the world's first movable type technology, one of the Four Great Inventions of Ancient China.

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Biblia pauperum

The Biblia pauperum ("Paupers' Bible") was a tradition of picture Bibles beginning probably with Ansgar, and a common printed block-book in the later Middle Ages to visualize the typological correspondences between the Old and New Testaments.

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Bleed (printing)

In printing, bleed is printing that goes beyond the edge of where the sheet will be trimmed.

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Blueprint

A blueprint is a reproduction of a technical drawing, an architectural plan, or an engineering design, using a contact print process on light-sensitive sheets.

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Bookselling

Bookselling is the commercial trading of books which is the retail and distribution end of the publishing process.

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British Library

The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.

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Broadsheet

A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages (typically). Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner and tabloid/compact formats.

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California job case

A California job case is a kind of type case: a compartmentalized wooden box used to store movable type used in letterpress printing.

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Camera-ready

Camera-ready is a common term used in the commercial printing industry meaning that a document is, from a technical standpoint, ready to "go to press", or be printed.

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Card stock

Card stock, also called cover stock or pasteboard, is a paper stock that is thicker and more durable than normal writing or printing paper, but thinner and more flexible than other forms of paperboard.

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Catchword

A catchword is a word placed at the foot of a handwritten or printed page that is meant to be bound along with other pages in a book.

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CcMmYK color model

CcMmYK, sometimes referred to as CMYKLcLm or CMYKcm, is a six color printing process used in some inkjet printers optimized for photo printing.

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Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope aka Charles Mahon, 3rd Earl Stanhope FRS (3 August 1753 – 15 December 1816) was a British statesman and scientist.

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Cloud printing

Cloud printing is the technology that enables printers to be accessed over a network through cloud computing.

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CMYK color model

The CMYK color model (process color, four color) is a subtractive color model, used in color printing, and is also used to describe the printing process itself.

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Colophon (publishing)

In publishing, a colophon is a brief statement containing information about the publication of a book such as the place of publication, the publisher, and the date of publication.

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Color bleeding (printing)

In printing and graphic arts, mixing of two dissimilar colors in two adjacent printed dots before they dry and absorb in substrate is referred to as color bleeding.

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Color printing

Color printing or colour printing is the reproduction of an image or text in color (as opposed to simpler black and white or monochrome printing).

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Composing stick

In letterpress printing and typesetting, a composing stick is a tool used to assemble pieces of metal type into words and lines, which are then transferred to a galley before being locked into a forme and printed.

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Computer to film

Computer to film (CTF) is a print workflow involving printing from a computer straight to film through an imagesetter.

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Computer to plate

Computer-to-plate (CTP) is an imaging technology used in modern printing processes.

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Continuous tone

A continuous tone image is one where each color at any point in the image is reproduced as a single tone, and not as discrete halftones, such as one single color for monochromatic prints, or a combination of halftones for color prints.

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Contone (printing)

Contone is a printing method for improving the output quality of printing, usually from laser printers.

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Converters (industry)

Converting companies are companies that specialize in combining raw materials such as polyesters, adhesives, silicone, adhesive tapes, foams, plastics, felts, rubbers, liners and metals, as well as other materials, to create new products.

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Cube

In geometry, a cube is a three-dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces, facets or sides, with three meeting at each vertex.

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Cylinder seal

A cylinder seal is a small round cylinder, typically about one inch in length, engraved with written characters or figurative scenes or both, used in ancient times to roll an impression onto a two-dimensional surface, generally wet clay.

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Cylinders of Nabonidus

The Cylinders of Nabonidus refers to cuneiform inscriptions of king Nabonidus of Babylonia (556-539 BC).

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Cyrus Cylinder

The Cyrus Cylinder (Ostovane-ye Kūrosh) or Cyrus Charter (منشور کوروش) is an ancient clay cylinder, now broken into several pieces, on which is written a declaration in Akkadian cuneiform script in the name of Persia's Achaemenid king Cyrus the Great.

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Daisy wheel printing

Daisy wheel printing is an impact printing technology invented in 1969 by David S. Lee at Diablo Data Systems.

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Diamond Sutra

The Diamond Sūtra (Sanskrit:Vajracchedikā Prajñāpāramitā Sūtra) is a Mahāyāna (Buddhist) sūtra from the Prajñāpāramitā sutras or 'Perfection of Wisdom' genre.

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Die (philately)

In philately, a die is the engraved image of a stamp on metal which is subsequently multiplied by impression to create the printing plate (or printing base).

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Digital printing

Digital printing refers to methods of printing from a digital-based image directly to a variety of media.

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Dot gain

Dot gain, or tonal value increase, is a phenomenon in offset lithography and some other forms of printing which causes printed material to look darker than intended.

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Dot matrix printer

A dot matrix printer is an impact printer that prints using a fixed number of pins or wires.

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Dots per inch

Dots per inch (DPI, or dpi) is a measure of spatial printing or video or image scanner dot density, in particular the number of individual dots that can be placed in a line within the span of 1 inch (2.54 cm).

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Double truck

Double truck refers to a pair of facing pages, usually in a newspaper or magazine, with content that stretches over both pages.

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Drop (liquid)

A drop or droplet is a small column of liquid, bounded completely or almost completely by free surfaces.

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Dry transfer

Dry transfers (also called rub-ons or rubdowns) are decals that can be applied without the use of water or other solvent.

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Dultgen

The Dultgen halftone intaglio process is a photoengraving technique invented by, Arthur Dultgen and is widely used today in commercial colour work.

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Duotone

Duotone is a halftone reproduction of an image using the superimposition of one contrasting color halftone over another color halftone.

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Duplex printing

Duplex printing is a feature of some computer printers and multi-function printers (MFPs) that allows the printing of a sheet of paper on both sides automatically.

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Dye-sublimation printer

A dye-sublimation printer is a computer printer which uses heat to transfer dye onto materials such as a plastic, card, paper, or fabric.

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Early modern period

The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.

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Edition (printmaking)

In printmaking, an edition is a number of prints struck from one plate, usually at the same time.

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Edward Rothstein

Edward Rothstein (born October 16, 1952) is an American critic.

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Egypt in the Middle Ages

Following the Islamic conquest in 639 AD, Lower Egypt was ruled at first by governors acting in the name of the Rashidun Caliphs and then the Ummayad Caliphs in Damascus, but in 747 the Ummayads were overthrown.

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Electrostatics

Electrostatics is a branch of physics that studies electric charges at rest.

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Electrotyping

Electrotyping (also galvanoplasty) is a chemical method for forming metal parts that exactly reproduce a model.

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Elizabeth Eisenstein

Elizabeth Lewisohn Eisenstein (October 11, 1923 – January 31, 2016) was an American historian of the French Revolution and early 19th-century France.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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Error diffusion

Error diffusion is a type of halftoning in which the quantization residual is distributed to neighboring pixels that have not yet been processed.

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Flexography

Flexography (often abbreviated to flexo) is a form of printing process which utilizes a flexible relief plate.

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Flong

Flong is a term used in relief printing (also called a stereo mould), which refers to an intermediate step in making of a stereo plate typically used in a rotary press though not exclusively.

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Foil stamping

Foil stamping, (also known as foil application) typically a commercial printing process, is the application of metallic or pigmented foil on to a solid surface by application of a heated die onto foil, making it permanently adhere to the surface below leaving the design of the die.

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Folio

The term "folio", from the Latin folium (leaf), has three interconnected but distinct meanings in the world of books and printing.

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Font

In metal typesetting, a font was a particular size, weight and style of a typeface.

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For position only

In graphic design and printing, FPO (pronounced as an initialism) equates to for position only or for placement only.

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Friedrich Koenig

Friedrich Gottlob Koenig (17 April 1774 – 17 January 1833) was a German inventor best known for his high-speed steam-powered printing press, which he built together with watchmaker Andreas Friedrich Bauer.

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Frisket

A frisket is any material that protects areas of a work from unintended change.

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Galley proof

In printing and publishing, proofs are the preliminary versions of publications meant for review by authors, editors, and proofreaders, often with extra-wide margins.

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Gang run printing

Gang-run printing describes a printing method in which multiple printing projects are placed on a common paper sheet in an effort to reduce printing costs and paper waste.

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Global spread of the printing press

The global spread of the printing press began with the invention of the printing press with movable type by Johannes Gutenberg in Mainz, Germany.

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Goryeo

Goryeo (918–1392), also spelled as Koryŏ, was a Korean kingdom established in 918 by King Taejo.

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Grammage

Grammage and basis weight, in the pulp and paper and the fabric industries, are the areal density of a paper or fabric product, that is, its mass per unit of area.

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Great Britain

Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.

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Grey component replacement

Within the CMY color space, a range of colors can be achieved by combining the three primaries.

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Guild

A guild is an association of artisans or merchants who oversee the practice of their craft/trade in a particular area.

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Gutenberg Bible

The Gutenberg Bible (also known as the 42-line Bible, the Mazarin Bible or the B42) was the first major book printed using mass-produced movable metal type in Europe.

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Halftone

Halftone is the reprographic technique that simulates continuous tone imagery through the use of dots, varying either in size or in spacing, thus generating a gradient-like effect.

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Hand mould

A hand mould is a simple mould used for low quantity work.

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Hanging

Hanging is the suspension of a person by a noose or ligature around the neck.

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Hebrew language

No description.

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Hectograph

The hectograph, gelatin duplicator or jellygraph is a printing process that involves transfer of an original, prepared with special inks, to a pan of gelatin or a gelatin pad pulled tight on a metal frame.

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Hellbox

A hellbox is a receptacle where cast metal sorts are thrown after printing.

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Hexachrome

Hexachrome is a six-color printing process designed by Pantone Inc.

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Hot metal typesetting

In printing and typography, hot metal typesetting (also called mechanical typesetting, hot lead typesetting, hot metal, and hot type) is a technology for typesetting text in letterpress printing.

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Hot stamping

Hot stamping is a dry printing method of lithography in which predried ink or foils are transferred to a surface at high temperatures.

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HP Indigo Division

HP Indigo Division is a division of hp's Graphic Arts business.

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Ibrahim Muteferrika

Ibrahim Müteferrika (İbrahim Müteferrika; 1674–1745) was a Hungarian-born Ottoman diplomat, polymath, publisher, printer, courtier, economist, man of letters, astronomer, historian, historiographer, Islamic scholar and theologian, sociologist, and the first Muslim to run a printing press with movable Arabic type.

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Illinois Tool Works

Illinois Tool Works Inc. or ITW is a Fortune 500 company that produces engineered fasteners and components, equipment and consumable systems, and specialty products.

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Imposition

Imposition is one of the fundamental steps in the prepress printing process.

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In-mould decoration

In-mold decoration, a special type of plastic molding, is used for decorating plastic surfaces with color and/or with an abrasion resistant coat.

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In-mould labelling

In-mould labelling is the use of paper or plastic labels during the manufacturing of containers by blow molding, injection molding, or thermoforming processes.

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Industry

Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy.

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Ink

Ink is a liquid or paste that contains pigments or dyes and is used to color a surface to produce an image, text, or design.

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Inkjet printing

Inkjet printing is a type of computer printing that recreates a digital image by propelling droplets of ink onto paper, plastic, or other substrates.

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Inkometer

An inkometer is a specialized measuring instrument used by the printing industry to measure the "tack" (adhesiveness) of an ink with the roller system on an offset press.

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Intaglio (printmaking)

Intaglio is the family of printing and printmaking techniques in which the image is incised into a surface and the incised line or sunken area holds the ink.

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Iris printer

An Iris printer is a large-format color inkjet printer introduced in 1985 by Iris Graphics, originally of Stoneham, Massachusetts and currently manufactured by the Graphic Communications Group of Eastman Kodak, designed for prepress proofing.

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Iron-on

Iron-on transfers are images that can be imprinted on fabric.

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ISO 216

ISO 216 specifies international standard (ISO) paper sizes used in most countries in the world today, although not in Canada, the United States, Mexico, or the Dominican Republic.

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Istanbul

Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Jang Yeong-sil

Jang Yeong-sil (c. 1390 – after 1442) was a Korean engineer, scientist and inventor during the Joseon dynasty (1392–1897).

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Jikji

Jikji is the abbreviated title of a Korean Buddhist document, whose title can be translated "Anthology of Great Buddhist Priests' Zen Teachings".

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Job Definition Format

Job Definition Format (JDF) is a technical standard being developed by the graphic arts industry to facilitate cross-vendor workflow implementations of the application domain.

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Johannes Gutenberg

Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg (– February 3, 1468) was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe with the printing press.

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John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton, (10 January 1834 – 19 June 1902), was an English Catholic historian, politician, and writer.

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Journal of the American Oriental Society

The Journal of the American Oriental Society is a quarterly academic journal published by the American Oriental Society since 1843.

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Key plate

In printing, a key plate is the plate which prints the detail in an image.

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Keyline

A keyline, in graphic design, is a boundary line that separates color and monochromatic areas or differently colored areas of printing on a given page or other printed piece.

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Kodak Proofing Software

Kodak Proofing Software is an application from Eastman Kodak for managing and controlling the process of Prepress proofing.

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Korea

Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.

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Laser

A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.

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Laser printing

Laser printing is an electrostatic digital printing process.

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Laurens Janszoon Coster

Laurens Janszoon Coster (c. 1370, Haarlem, the Netherlands – c. 1440), or Laurens Jansz Koster, is the name of a purported inventor of a printing press from Haarlem.

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Letterpress printing

Letterpress printing is a technique of relief printing using a printing press, a process by which many copies are produced by repeated direct impression of an inked, raised surface against sheets or a continuous roll of paper.

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Line printer

A line printer prints one entire line of text before advancing to another line.

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Lithography

Lithography is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water.

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Logogram

In written language, a logogram or logograph is a written character that represents a word or phrase.

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Mail order

Mail order is the buying of goods or services by mail delivery.

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Marshall McLuhan

Herbert Marshall McLuhan (July 21, 1911December 31, 1980) was a Canadian professor, philosopher, and public intellectual.

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Matrix (printing)

In the manufacture of metal type used in letterpress printing, a matrix, from the Latin meaning womb or a female breeding animal, is the mould used to cast a letter, known as a sort.

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Mezzotint

Mezzotint is a printmaking process of the intaglio family, technically a drypoint method.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Mimeograph

The stencil duplicator or mimeograph machine (often abbreviated to mimeo) is a low-cost duplicating machine that works by forcing ink through a stencil onto paper.

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Movable type

Movable type (US English; moveable type in British English) is the system and technology of printing and typography that uses movable components to reproduce the elements of a document (usually individual letters or punctuation) usually on the medium of paper.

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Murad III

Murad III (Ottoman Turkish: مراد ثالث Murād-i sālis, Turkish: III.Murat) (4 July 1546 – 15/16 January 1595) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death in 1595.

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Muslim world

The terms Muslim world and Islamic world commonly refer to the unified Islamic community (Ummah), consisting of all those who adhere to the religion of Islam, or to societies where Islam is practiced.

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Nanotransfer printing

Nanotransfer printing (nTP) (compare with microcontact printing) is a purely additive and high resolution metal printing technique.

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Non-photo blue

Non-photo blue (or non-repro blue) is a common tool used in the graphic design and print industry.

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Offset printing

Offset printing is a commonly used printing technique in which the inked image is transferred (or "offset") from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface.

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Old master print

An old master print is a work of art produced by a printing process within the Western tradition.

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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.

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Overprinting

Overprinting refers to the process of printing one colour on top of another in reprographics.

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Pad printing

Pad printing (also called tampography) is a printing process that can transfer a 2-D image onto a 3-D object.

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Pagination

Pagination is the process of dividing a document into discrete pages, either electronic pages or printed pages.

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Paste up

Paste up refers to a method of creating or laying out publication pages that predates the use of the now-standard computerized page design desktop publishing programs.

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Penguin Books

Penguin Books is a British publishing house.

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Peter Burke (historian)

Ulick Peter Burke (born 1937 in Stanmore, England) is a British historian and professor.

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Playing card

A playing card is a piece of specially prepared heavy paper, thin cardboard, plastic-coated paper, cotton-paper blend, or thin plastic, marked with distinguishing motifs and used as one of a set for playing card games.

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Porcelain

Porcelain is a ceramic material made by heating materials, generally including kaolin, in a kiln to temperatures between.

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Pre-flight (printing)

In printing, Preflight is the process of confirming that the digital files required for the printing process are all present, valid, correctly formatted, and of the desired type.

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Prentice Hall

Prentice Hall is a major educational publisher owned by Pearson plc.

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Prepress

Prepress is the term used in the printing and publishing industries for the processes and procedures that occur between the creation of a print layout and the final printing.

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Prepress proofing

A contract proof usually serves as an agreement between customer and printer and as a color reference guide for adjusting the press before the final press run.

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Press check (printing)

The printing press check is a step in the printing process.

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Pressure

Pressure (symbol: p or P) is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed.

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Print on demand

Print-on-demand (POD) is a printing technology and business process in which book copies (or other documents) are not printed until the company receives an order, allowing prints of singular or small quantities.

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Printed electronics

Printed electronics is a set of printing methods used to create electrical devices on various substrates.

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Printed T-shirt

A Printed T-shirt is a T-shirt bearing a design, image or lettering on it.

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Printer (publishing)

In publishing, printers are both companies providing printing services and individuals who directly operate printing presses.

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Printing press

A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.

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Printmaking

Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper.

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Punchcutting

Punchcutting is a craft used in traditional typography to cut letter punches in steel as the first stage of making metal type.

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Quran

The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).

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Registration black

In CMYK printing, registration black refers to 100% coverage in each of the four process colors: cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), and black (K).

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Relief printing

Relief printing is a family of printing methods where a printing block, plate or matrix that has had ink applied to its surface, but not to any recessed areas, is brought into contact with paper.

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Renaissance

The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.

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Rich black

Rich black, in printing, is an ink mixture of solid black over one or more of the other CMYK colors, resulting in a darker tone than black ink alone generates in a printing process.

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Richard March Hoe

Richard March Hoe (middle name spelled in some 1920s records as "Marsh") (September 12, 1812 – June 7, 1886) was an American inventor from New York City who designed a rotary printing press and related advancements, including the "Hoe web perfecting press" in 1871; it used a continuous roll of paper and revolutionized newspaper publishing.

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Rotogravure

Rotogravure (roto or gravure for short) is a type of intaglio printing process, which involves engraving the image onto an image carrier.

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Samuel Hartlib

Samuel Hartlib or Hartlieb (c. 1600 – 10 March 1662) was a German-British polymath.

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Scientific Revolution

The Scientific Revolution was a series of events that marked the emergence of modern science during the early modern period, when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy) and chemistry transformed the views of society about nature.

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Screen printing

Screen printing is a printing technique whereby a mesh is used to transfer ink onto a substrate, except in areas made impermeable to the ink by a blocking stencil.

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Scribe

A scribe is a person who serves as a professional copyist, especially one who made copies of manuscripts before the invention of automatic printing.

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Security printing

Security printing is the field of the printing industry that deals with the printing of items such as banknotes, cheques, passports, tamper-evident labels, security tapes, product authentication, stock certificates, postage stamps and identity cards.

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Selim I

Selim I (Ottoman Turkish: سليم اول, Modern Turkish: Birinci Selim; 1470/1 – September 1520), known as Selim the Grim or Selim the Resolute (Yavuz Sultan Selim), was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1512 to 1520.

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Set-off (printing)

In printing, set-off is the term given to the unwanted transfer of ink from one printed sheet to another.

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Solid ink

Solid ink is a technology used in computer printers and multifunction devices originally credited with creation by Tektronix in 1986.

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Spirit duplicator

A spirit duplicator (also referred to as a Ditto machine in North America, Banda machine in the UK or Roneo in Australia, France and South Africa) was a printing method invented in 1923 by Wilhelm Ritzerfeld and commonly used for much of the rest of the 20th century.

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Spot color

In offset printing, a spot color or solid color is any color generated by an ink (pure or mixed) that is printed using a single run, whereas a process color is produced by printing a series of dots of different colors.

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Stochastic screening

Stochastic screening or FM screening is a halftone process based on pseudo-random distribution of halftone dots, using frequency modulation (FM) to change the density of dots according to the gray level desired.

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Terminology

Terminology is the study of terms and their use.

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Textile

A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).

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Textile printing

Textile printing is the process of applying colour to fabric in definite patterns or designs.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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Thermal printing

Thermal printing (or direct thermal printing) is a digital printing process which produces a printed image by selectively heating coated thermochromic paper, or thermal paper as it is commonly known, when the paper passes over the thermal print head.

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Thomas Francis Carter

Thomas Francis Carter (1882–1925) was an American scholar who wrote the first book-length history in the West on the Chinese origins of printing.

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Time Life

Direct Holdings Global LLC, through its subsidiaries StarVista Live, Lifestyle Products Group and Time Life, is a creator and direct marketer that is known for selling books, music, video/DVD, and multimedia products.

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Tin

Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from stannum) and atomic number 50.

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Toner

Toner is a powder mixture used in laser printers and photocopiers to form the printed text and images on the paper, in general through a toner cartridge.

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Transfer printing

Transfer printing is a method of decorating enamels or ceramics using an engraved copper or steel plate from which a monochrome print on paper is taken which is then transferred by pressing onto the ceramic piece.

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Trap (printing)

In printing, trap expresses the degree to which ink already printed on a substrate accepts another layer printed on top of it compared to how well the substrate (e.g., paper) accepts that ink.

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Turkish people

Turkish people or the Turks (Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language.

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Turpan

Turpan, also known as Turfan or Tulufan, is a prefecture-level city located in the east of Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.

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Typography

Typography is the art and technique of arranging type to make written language legible, readable, and appealing when displayed.

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Ulama

The Arabic term ulama (علماء., singular عالِم, "scholar", literally "the learned ones", also spelled ulema; feminine: alimah and uluma), according to the Encyclopedia of Islam (2000), in its original meaning "denotes scholars of almost all disciplines".

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Under color removal

In printing, under color removal (UCR) is a process of eliminating overlapping yellow, magenta, and cyan that would have added to a dark neutral (black) and replacing them with black ink only, called a Full Black, during the color separation process.

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Vietnam

Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Viscosity

The viscosity of a fluid is the measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.

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Wang Zhen (inventor)

Wang Zhen (1290–1333) was a Chinese agronomist, inventor, writer, and politician of the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368).

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Waterless printing

Waterless printing is an offset lithographic printing process that eliminates the water or dampening system used in conventional printing.

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William Bullock (inventor)

William Bullock (1813 – April 12, 1867) was an American inventor whose 1863 improvements to Richard March Hoe's rotary printing press helped revolutionize the printing industry due to its great speed and efficiency.

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William Carter (martyr)

Blessed William Carter (c. 1548 – 11 January 1584) was a Roman Catholic English printer and martyr.

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Woodblock printing

Woodblock printing is a technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later paper.

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Woodcut

Woodcut is a relief printing technique in printmaking.

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Xerography

Xerography or electrophotography is a dry photocopying technique.

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3D modeling

In 3D computer graphics, 3D modeling (or three-dimensional modeling) is the process of developing a mathematical representation of any surface of an object (either inanimate or living) in three dimensions via specialized software.

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3D printing

3D printing is any of various processes in which material is joined or solidified under computer control to create a three-dimensional object, with material being added together (such as liquid molecules or powder grains being fused together).

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Comparison of printing methods, Gravure Printing, Green Printing, Print framework, Print production, Printed, Printed text, Printing Revolution, Printing industry, Printing machine, Printing shop, Printing system, Printing works.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Printing

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