120 relations: Annodex, Audio coding format, Battlefield 2, BBC, Bitstream, Bitstream format, Blog, BSD licenses, CELT, Checksum, Codec, Comparison of audio coding formats, Comparison of video container formats, Continuous Media Markup Language, Copyright, Creative Commons, CSIRO, Cyclic redundancy check, Daala, Data compression, Demultiplexer (media file), Digital container format, Dimension, Dirac (video compression format), DirectShow, Discrete wavelet transform, Discworld, DivX, Doom 3, Dublin Core, Extensible Metadata Platform, FFmpeg, File format, Filename extension, Firefox 3.5, FLAC, Free content, Free software, Free Software Foundation, Global Positioning System, Grand Theft Auto, Halo: Combat Evolved, HTML5, IBM PC compatible, IMovie, ITunes, Jargon, Jargon File, Java (programming language), Jets'n'Guns, ..., Library (computing), Lineage II, Lossless compression, Lossy compression, MacOS, Mafia (video game), Magic number (programming), Matroska, Media player (software), Metadata, Microsoft Windows, MIME, Minecraft, Moving Picture Experts Group, MP3, MP3 player, MPEG-4, MPEG-4 Part 14, Multimedia, Multiple-image Network Graphics, Multiplexer, Multiplexing, MusicBrainz, Myst IV: Revelation, Nanny Ogg, Netrek, Ogg, Ogg page, Ogg Squish, On2 Technologies, Open format, Opus (audio format), Permissive software licence, Portable media player, Proprietary software, Pulse-code modulation, QuickTime, RealPlayer, RealVideo, Reference implementation, Request for Comments, Resource Description Framework, Serious Sam (video game), Small Gods, Software patent, Sound, Speex, StepMania, Stream (computing), Streaming media, Subtitle (captioning), Terry Pratchett, Theora, Time-division multiplexing, Unreal Tournament 2004, Use of Ogg formats in HTML5, Variable bitrate, Vendetta Online, Video, VLC media player, Vorbis, VP3, WAV, Website, Wikimedia Foundation, Windows API, Windows Media Player, Windows Media Video, Xiph.Org Foundation, Xvid. Expand index (70 more) » « Shrink index
Annodex is a digital media format developed by CSIRO to provide annotation and indexing of continuous media, such as audio and video.
An audio coding format (or sometimes audio compression format) is a content representation format for storage or transmission of digital audio (such as in digital television, digital radio and in audio and video files).
Battlefield 2 is a 2005 first-person shooter military simulator video game, developed by Digital Illusions CE, with contributions by Trauma Studios, and published by Electronic Arts exclusively for Microsoft Windows as the third game in the ''Battlefield'' series.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
A bitstream (or bit stream), also known as binary sequence, is a sequence of bits.
A bitstream format is the format of the data found in a stream of bits used in a digital communication or data storage application.
A blog (a truncation of the expression "weblog") is a discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web consisting of discrete, often informal diary-style text entries ("posts").
BSD licenses are a family of permissive free software licenses, imposing minimal restrictions on the use and redistribution of covered software.
Constrained Energy Lapped Transform (CELT) is an open, royalty-free lossy audio compression format and a free software codec with especially low algorithmic delay for use in low-latency audio communication.
A checksum is a small-sized datum derived from a block of digital data for the purpose of detecting errors which may have been introduced during its transmission or storage.
A codec is a device or computer program for encoding or decoding a digital data stream or signal.
The following tables compare general and technical information for a variety of audio coding formats.
This table compares features of container formats (video file formats).
Continuous Media Markup Language (CMML) is to audio or video what HTML is to text.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Creative Commons (CC) is an American non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share.
The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) is an independent Australian federal government agency responsible for scientific research.
A cyclic redundancy check (CRC) is an error-detecting code commonly used in digital networks and storage devices to detect accidental changes to raw data.
Daala is a video coding format under development by the Xiph.Org Foundation under the lead of Timothy B. Terriberry mainly sponsored by the Mozilla Corporation.
In signal processing, data compression, source coding, or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation.
A demultiplexer for digital media files, or media demultiplexer also called a file splitter by laymen or consumer software providers, is software that demultiplexes individual elementary streams of a media file, e.g., audio, video, or subtitles and sends them to their respective decoders for actual decoding.
A container or wrapper format is a metafile format whose specification describes how different elements of data and metadata coexist in a computer file.
In physics and mathematics, the dimension of a mathematical space (or object) is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within it.
Dirac is an open and royalty-free video compression format, specification and system developed by BBC Research & Development.
tags in this are generally true, just difficult to source due to the technical nature; don't remove unless 100% sure.
In numerical analysis and functional analysis, a discrete wavelet transform (DWT) is any wavelet transform for which the wavelets are discretely sampled.
Discworld is a comic fantasy book series written by the English author Terry Pratchett (1948–2015), set on the fictional Discworld, a flat disc balanced on the backs of four elephants which in turn stand on the back of a giant turtle, Great A'Tuin.
DivX is a brand of video codec products developed by DivX, LLC.
Doom 3 (stylized as DOOM3) is a survival horror first-person shooter video game developed by id Software and published by Activision.
The Dublin Core Schema is a small set of vocabulary terms that can be used to describe digital resources (video, images, web pages, etc.), as well as physical resources such as books or CDs, and objects like artworks.
The Extensible Metadata Platform (XMP) is an ISO standard, originally created by Adobe Systems Inc., for the creation, processing and interchange of standardized and custom metadata for digital documents and data sets.
FFmpeg is a free software project, the product of which is a vast software suite of libraries and programs for handling video, audio, and other multimedia files and streams.
A file format is a standard way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file.
A filename extension is an identifier specified as a suffix to the name of a computer file.
Mozilla Firefox 3.5 is a version of the Firefox web browser released in June 2009, adding a variety of new features to Firefox.
FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec) is an audio coding format for lossless compression of digital audio, and is also the name of the free software project producing the FLAC tools, the reference software package that includes a codec implementation.
Free content, libre content, or free information, is any kind of functional work, work of art, or other creative content that meets the definition of a free cultural work.
Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.
The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the free software movement, which promotes the universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software, with the organization's preference for software being distributed under copyleft ("share alike") terms, such as with its own GNU General Public License.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
Grand Theft Auto (GTA) is an action-adventure video game series created by David Jones and Mike Dailly; the later titles of which were created by brothers Dan and Sam Houser, Leslie Benzies and Aaron Garbut.
Halo: Combat Evolved is a 2001 military science fiction first-person shooter video game developed by Bungie and published by Microsoft Game Studios.
HTML5 is a markup language used for structuring and presenting content on the World Wide Web.
IBM PC compatible computers are computers similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT, able to use the same software and expansion cards.
iMovie is a video editing software application sold by Apple Inc. for the Mac and iOS (iPhone, iPad, iPad Mini and iPod Touch).
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, and mobile device management application developed by Apple Inc. It was announced on January 9, 2001.
Jargon is a type of language that is used in a particular context and may not be well understood outside that context.
The Jargon File is a glossary and usage dictionary of slang used by computer programmers.
Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
Jets'n'Guns is a 2D, side-scrolling shoot 'em up computer game released in late 2004 for Microsoft Windows by RakeInGrass software. In April 2006, a version for Mac OS X was released. In December 2006 an expansion, Jets'n'Guns Gold, was released. A version for Linux has been developed by Linux Game Publishing.
In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.
Lineage II is a massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) for Microsoft Windows, the second game in the ''Lineage'' series.
Lossless compression is a class of data compression algorithms that allows the original data to be perfectly reconstructed from the compressed data.
In information technology, lossy compression or irreversible compression is the class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations and partial data discarding to represent the content.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
Mafia is an 2002 action-adventure video game developed by Illusion Softworks and published by Gathering of Developers.
In computer programming, the term magic number has multiple meanings.
The Matroska Multimedia Container is an open standard, free container format, a file format that can hold an unlimited number of video, audio, picture, or subtitle tracks in one file.
A media player is a computer program for playing multimedia files like videos, movies and music.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) is an Internet standard that extends the format of email to support.
Minecraft is a sandbox video game created by Swedish game designer Markus Persson, better known as Notch, who later went on to found Mojang, which has since been the developer and publisher of Minecraft.
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.
MP3 (formally MPEG-1 Audio Layer III or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III) is an audio coding format for digital audio.
An MP3 player or Digital Audio Player is an electronic device that can play digital audio files.
MPEG-4 is a method of defining compression of audio and visual (AV) digital data.
MPEG-4 Part 14 or MP4 is a digital multimedia container format most commonly used to store video and audio, but it can also be used to store other data such as subtitles and still images.
Multimedia is content that uses a combination of different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, video and interactive content.
Multiple-image Network Graphics (MNG) is a graphics file format, published in 2001, for animated images.
In electronics, a multiplexer (or mux) is a device that selects one of several analog or digital input signals and forwards the selected input into a single line.
In telecommunications and computer networks, multiplexing (sometimes contracted to muxing) is a method by which multiple analog or digital signals are combined into one signal over a shared medium.
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database that is similar to the freedb project.
Myst IV: Revelation is the fourth installment in the Myst video game series, developed and published by Ubisoft.
Gytha Ogg (usually called Nanny Ogg) is a character from Terry Pratchett's Discworld series.
Netrek is an Internet game for up to 16 players, written almost entirely in cross-platform open source software.
Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
An Ogg page is a unit of data in an Ogg bitstream, usually between 4 kB and 8 kB, with a maximum size of 65,307 bytes.
OggSquish was one of the first names used for the Ogg project developed from 1994 by the Xiphophorus company (now Xiph.Org Foundation).
On2 Technologies, formerly known as The Duck Corporation, was a small publicly traded company (on the American Stock Exchange), founded in New York City in 1992 and headquartered in Clifton Park, New York, that designed video codec technology.
An open format is a file format for storing digital data, defined by a published specification usually maintained by a standards organization, and which can be used and implemented by anyone.
Opus is a lossy audio coding format developed by the Xiph.Org Foundation and standardized by the Internet Engineering Task Force, designed to efficiently code speech and general audio in a single format, while remaining low-latency enough for real-time interactive communication and low-complexity enough for low-end embedded processors.
A permissive software license, sometimes also called BSD-like or BSD-style license, is a free software software license with minimal requirements about how the software can be redistributed.
A portable media player (PMP) or digital audio player (DAP) is a portable consumer electronics device capable of storing and playing digital media such as audio, images, and video files.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.
QuickTime is an extensible multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc., capable of handling various formats of digital video, picture, sound, panoramic images, and interactivity.
RealPlayer, formerly RealAudio Player, RealOne Player and RealPlayer G2, is a cross-platform media player app, developed by RealNetworks.
RealVideo is a suite of proprietary video compression formats developed by RealNetworks – the specific format changes with the version.
In the software development process, a reference implementation (or, less frequently, sample implementation or model implementation) is the standard from which all other implementations and corresponding customizations are derived.
In information and communications technology, a Request for Comments (RFC) is a type of publication from the technology community.
The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a family of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specifications originally designed as a metadata data model.
Serious Sam is a first-person shooter video game, released in two episodes and the first in the ''Serious Sam'' series, developed by Croteam.
Small Gods is the thirteenth of Terry Pratchett's Discworld novels, published in 1992.
A software patent is a patent on a piece of software, such as a computer program, libraries, user interface, or algorithm.
In physics, sound is a vibration that typically propagates as an audible wave of pressure, through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid.
Speex is an audio compression format specifically tuned for the reproduction of human speech and also a free software speech codec that may be used on VoIP applications and podcasts.
StepMania is a cross-platform rhythm video game and engine.
In computer science, a stream is a sequence of data elements made available over time.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
Subtitles are text derived from either a transcript or screenplay of the dialog or commentary in films, television programs, video games, and the like, usually displayed at the bottom of the screen, but can also be at the top of the screen if there is already text at the bottom of the screen.
Sir Terence David John Pratchett (28 April 1948 – 12 March 2015) was an English author of fantasy novels, especially comical works.
Theora is a free lossy video compression format.
Time-division multiplexing (TDM) is a method of transmitting and receiving independent signals over a common signal path by means of synchronized switches at each end of the transmission line so that each signal appears on the line only a fraction of time in an alternating pattern.
Unreal Tournament 2004 is a first-person shooter video game developed by Epic Games and Digital Extremes.
The HTML5 draft specification adds video and audio elements for embedding video and audio in HTML documents.
Variable bitrate (VBR) is a term used in telecommunications and computing that relates to the bitrate used in sound or video encoding.
Vendetta Online (VO) is a twitch-based, science fiction massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed by Guild Software for the operating systems Android, Linux, Mac OS X, iOS, and Microsoft Windows.
Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.
VLC media player (commonly known as VLC) is a free and open-source, portable, cross-platform media player and streaming media server developed by the VideoLAN project.
Vorbis is a free and open-source software project headed by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
On2 TrueMotion VP3 is a (royalty-free) lossy video compression format and video codec.
Waveform Audio File Format (WAVE, or more commonly known as WAV due to its filename extension - both pronounced "wave") (rarely, Audio for Windows) is a Microsoft and IBM audio file format standard for storing an audio bitstream on PCs.
A website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server.
The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (WMF, or simply Wikimedia) is an American non-profit and charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California.
The Windows API, informally WinAPI, is Microsoft's core set of application programming interfaces (APIs) available in the Microsoft Windows operating systems.
Windows Media Player (WMP) is a media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices.
Windows Media Video (WMV) is a series of video codecs and their corresponding video coding formats developed by Microsoft.
Xiph.Org Foundation is a non-profit organization that produces free multimedia formats and software tools.
Xvid (formerly "XviD") is a video codec library following the MPEG-4 video coding standard, specifically MPEG-4 Part 2 Advanced Simple Profile (ASP).