46 relations: Action potential, Alkalosis, Apricot, Avocado, Banana, Calcium-activated potassium channel, Cell (biology), Cell membrane, Coconut, Concentration, Diarrhea, Dietary Reference Intake, Electric potential, Electrolyte, Eukaryote, European Union, Fruit, Glycyrrhizin, Heart arrhythmia, Hyperkalemia, Hypokalemia, Ileus, Intracellular, Inward-rectifier potassium channel, Ion, Ion transporter, Kidney failure, Kiwifruit, Membrane potential, Micronutrient, Nervous tissue, Neurotransmission, Orange juice, Parsnip, Potash, Potassium, Potassium channel, Potato, Prokaryote, Reference Daily Intake, Sodium, Turnip, Two-pore-domain potassium channel, Vegetable, Voltage-gated potassium channel, X-ray crystallography.
In physiology, an action potential occurs when the membrane potential of a specific axon location rapidly rises and falls: this depolarisation then causes adjacent locations to similarly depolarise.
Alkalosis is the result of a process reducing hydrogen ion concentration of arterial blood plasma (alkalemia).
An apricot is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits).
The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree, long thought to have originated in South Central Mexico, classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae.
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.
Calcium-activated potassium channels are potassium channels gated by calcium, or that are structurally or phylogenetically related to calcium gated channels.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).
The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.
In chemistry, concentration is the abundance of a constituent divided by the total volume of a mixture.
Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
The Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) is a system of nutrition recommendations from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies (United States).
An electric potential (also called the electric field potential, potential drop or the electrostatic potential) is the amount of work needed to move a unit positive charge from a reference point to a specific point inside the field without producing any acceleration.
An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.
Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
Glycyrrhizin (or glycyrrhizic acid or glycyrrhizinic acid) is the chief sweet-tasting constituent of Glycyrrhiza glabra (liquorice) root.
Heart arrhythmia (also known as arrhythmia, dysrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat) is a group of conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow.
Hyperkalemia, also spelled hyperkalaemia, is an elevated level of potassium (K+) in the blood serum.
Hypokalemia, also spelled hypokalaemia, is a low level of potassium (K+) in the blood serum.
Ileus is a disruption of the normal propulsive ability of the gastrointestinal tract.
In cell biology, molecular biology and related fields, the word intracellular means "inside the cell".
Inward-rectifier potassium channels (Kir, IRK) are a specific subset of potassium channels.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
In biology, an ion transporter (or ion pump) is a transmembrane protein that moves ions across a plasma membrane against their concentration gradient through active transport.
Kidney failure, also known as end-stage kidney disease, is a medical condition in which the kidneys no longer work.
Kiwifruit (often abbreviated as kiwi), or Chinese gooseberry is the edible berry of several species of woody vines in the genus Actinidia.
The term "membrane potential" may refer to one of three kinds of membrane potential.
Micronutrients are essential elements required by organisms in small quantities throughout life to orchestrate a range of physiological functions to maintain health.
Nervous tissue or nerve tissue is the main tissue component of the two parts of the nervous system; the brain and spinal cord of the central nervous system (CNS), and the branching peripheral nerves of the peripheral nervous system (PNS), which regulates and controls bodily functions and activity.
Neurotransmission (Latin: transmissio "passage, crossing" from transmittere "send, let through"), also called synaptic transmission, is the process by which signaling molecules called neurotransmitters are released by the axon terminal of a neuron (the presynaptic neuron), and bind to and activate the receptors on the dendrites of another neuron (the postsynaptic neuron).
Orange juice is the liquid extract of the orange tree fruit, produced by squeezing oranges.
The parsnip (Pastinaca sativa) is a root vegetable closely related to the carrot and parsley.
Potash is some of various mined and manufactured salts that contain potassium in water-soluble form.
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.
Potassium channels are the most widely distributed type of ion channel and are found in virtually all living organisms.
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum.
A prokaryote is a unicellular organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelle.
The Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily intake level of a nutrient that is considered to be sufficient to meet the requirements of 97–98% of healthy individuals in every demographic in the United States.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
The turnip or white turnip (Brassica rapa subsp. rapa) is a root vegetable commonly grown in temperate climates worldwide for its white, bulbous taproot.
The two-pore-domain potassium channel is a family of 15 members that form what is known as "leak channels" which possess Goldman-Hodgkin-Katz (open) rectification.
Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.
Voltage-gated potassium channels (VGKCs) are transmembrane channels specific for potassium and sensitive to voltage changes in the cell's membrane potential.
X-ray crystallography is a technique used for determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline atoms cause a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.