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Terpenoid

Index Terpenoid

The terpenoids, sometimes called isoprenoids, are a large and diverse class of naturally occurring organic chemicals derived from terpenes. [1]

46 relations: Bilobalide, Camphor, Cannabinoid, Cannabis (drug), Carotenoid, Cell membrane, Cinnamon, Citral, Clove, Curcuminoid, Diterpene, Eucalyptus, Farnesyl pyrophosphate, Functional group, Geranyl pyrophosphate, Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate, Ginger, Ginkgo biloba, Ginkgolide, Helianthus, Hydrocarbon, List of antioxidants in food, List of phytochemicals in food, Menthol, Methyl group, Monoterpene, Mustard seed, Natural product, Nutrition, Organic compound, Oxygen, Phytochemistry, Prenylation, Protein, Salvia divinorum, Salvinorin A, Secondary metabolite, Sesquiterpene, Steroid, Sterol, Terpene, Terpenoid, Tetraterpene, Tomato, Triterpene, Turmeric.

Bilobalide

Bilobalide is a biologically active terpenic trilactone present in Ginkgo biloba.

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Camphor

Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma.

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Cannabinoid

A cannabinoid is one of a class of diverse chemical compounds that acts on cannabinoid receptors in cells that alter neurotransmitter release in the brain.

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Cannabis (drug)

Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the ''Cannabis'' plant intended for medical or recreational use.

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Carotenoid

Carotenoids, also called tetraterpenoids, are organic pigments that are produced by plants and algae, as well as several bacteria and fungi.

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Cell membrane

The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).

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Cinnamon

Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum.

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Citral

Citral, or 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal or lemonal, is either a pair, or a mixture of terpenoids with the molecular formula C10H16O.

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Clove

Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum.

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Curcuminoid

A curcuminoid is a linear diarylheptanoid, with molecules such as curcumin or derivatives of curcumin with different chemical groups that have been formed to increase solubility of curcumins and make them suitable for drug formulation.

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Diterpene

Diterpenes are a class of chemical compounds composed of two terpene units, often with the molecular formula C20H32.

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Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus L'Héritier 1789 (plural eucalypti, eucalyptuses or eucalypts) is a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs (including a distinct group with a multiple-stem mallee growth habit) in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.

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Farnesyl pyrophosphate

Farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP), also known as farnesyl diphosphate (FDP), is an intermediate in both the mevalonate and non-mevalonate pathways used by organisms in the biosynthesis of terpenes, terpenoids, and sterols.

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Functional group

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.

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Geranyl pyrophosphate

Geranyl pyrophosphate (GPP), also known as geranyl diphosphate (GDP), is an intermediate in the HMG-CoA reductase pathway used by organisms in the biosynthesis of farnesyl pyrophosphate, geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate.

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Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate

Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of diterpenes and diterpenoids.

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Ginger

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or simply ginger, is widely used as a spice or a folk medicine.

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Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba, commonly known as ginkgo or gingko (both pronounced), also known as the maidenhair tree, is the only living species in the division Ginkgophyta, all others being extinct.

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Ginkgolide

Ginkgolides are biologically active terpenic lactones present in Ginkgo biloba.

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Helianthus

Helianthus or sunflower is a genus of plants comprising about 70 species Flora of North America.

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Hydrocarbon

In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.

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List of antioxidants in food

This is a list of antioxidants naturally occurring in food.

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List of phytochemicals in food

While there is ample evidence to indicate the health benefits of diets rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts, no specific food has been acknowledged by scientists and government regulatory authorities as providing a health benefit.

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Menthol

Menthol is an organic compound made synthetically or obtained from corn mint, peppermint, or other mint oils.

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Methyl group

A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.

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Monoterpene

Monoterpenes are a class of terpenes that consist of two isoprene units and have the molecular formula C10H16.

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Mustard seed

Mustard seeds are the small round seeds of various mustard plants.

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Natural product

A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature.

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Nutrition

Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism.

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Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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Oxygen

Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

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Phytochemistry

Phytochemistry is the study of phytochemicals, which are chemicals derived from plants.

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Prenylation

Prenylation (also known as isoprenylation or lipidation) is the addition of hydrophobic molecules to a protein or chemical compound.

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Protein

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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Salvia divinorum

Salvia divinorum (also known as sage of the diviners, ska maría pastora, seer's sage, yerba de la pastora or simply salvia) is a plant species with transient psychoactive properties when its leaves are consumed by chewing, smoking or as a tea.

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Salvinorin A

Salvinorin A is the main active psychotropic molecule in Salvia divinorum, a Mexican plant which has a long history of use as an entheogen by indigenous Mazatec shamans.

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Secondary metabolite

Secondary metabolites are organic compounds that are not directly involved in the normal growth, development, or reproduction of an organism.

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Sesquiterpene

Sesquiterpenes are a class of terpenes that consist of three isoprene units and often have the molecular formula C15H24.

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Steroid

A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.

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Sterol

Sterols, also known as steroid alcohols, are a subgroup of the steroids and an important class of organic molecules.

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Terpene

Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects.

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Terpenoid

The terpenoids, sometimes called isoprenoids, are a large and diverse class of naturally occurring organic chemicals derived from terpenes.

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Tetraterpene

Tetraterpenes are terpenes consisting of eight isoprene units and have the molecular formula C40H64.

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Tomato

The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red, fruit/berry of the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant.

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Triterpene

Triterpenes are a class of chemical compounds composed of three terpene units with the molecular formula C30H48; they may also be thought of as consisting of six isoprene units.

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Turmeric

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial flowering plant of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.

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Diterpenoid biosynthesis, Isoprenoid, Isoprenoids, Norditerpenoid, Norditerpenoids, Terpenoid biosynthesis, Terpenoids, Terpinoid, Turpenoids.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terpenoid

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