47 relations: Beijing, China, Chongzhen Emperor, Christianity, Empress Dowager Ma (Southern Ming), Empress Wang (Southern Ming), Gregorian calendar, Guangxi, Guilin, Hong Chengchou, House of Zhu, Hunan, Inwa, Jiangxi, Kingdom of Tungning, Kunming, Li Dingguo, List of emperors of the Ming dynasty, Manchu people, Mandalay, Michał Boym, Ming dynasty, Myanmar, Nanning, Pindale Min, Poles, Prince of Gui of Ming dynasty, Pye Min, Qing dynasty, Regnal year, Sagaing, Society of Jesus, Southern Ming, Surname, Toungoo dynasty, Wanli Emperor, Wu Sangui, Yangtze, Yunnan, Zhu (surname), Zhu Benli, Zhu Changqing, Zhu Shugui, Zhu Yihai, Zhu Yousong, Zhu Yujian, Zhu Yuyue.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Chongzhen Emperor (6 February 1611 – 25 April 1644), personal name Zhu Youjian, was the 17th and last emperor of the Ming dynasty in China, reigning from 1627–1644.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Empress Dowager Ma (1578–1669), personal name unknown, formally known as Empress Dowager Zhaosheng (昭聖太后), was an empress dowager of the Southern Ming Dynasty.
Empress Xiaogangkuang (died 1662) was a Chinese Empress consort of the Southern Ming Dynasty, empress to the Yongli Emperor.
The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.
Guangxi (pronounced; Zhuang: Gvangjsih), officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is a Chinese autonomous region in South Central China, bordering Vietnam.
Guilin, formerly romanized as Kweilin, is a prefecture-level city in the northeast of China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
Hong Chengchou (1593–1665), courtesy name Yanyan and art name Hengjiu, was a Chinese official who served under the Ming and Qing dynasties.
House of Zhu, also known as House of Chu, was the imperial family of the Ming dynasty of China.
Hunan is the 7th most populous province of China and the 10th most extensive by area.
Inwa or Ava (or; also spelled Innwa), located in Mandalay Region, Burma (Myanmar), is an ancient imperial capital of successive Burmese kingdoms from the 14th to 19th centuries.
Jiangxi, formerly spelled as Kiangsi Gan: Kongsi) is a province in the People's Republic of China, located in the southeast of the country. Spanning from the banks of the Yangtze river in the north into hillier areas in the south and east, it shares a border with Anhui to the north, Zhejiang to the northeast, Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west, and Hubei to the northwest. The name "Jiangxi" derives from the circuit administrated under the Tang dynasty in 733, Jiangnanxidao (道, Circuit of Western Jiangnan; Gan: Kongnomsitau). The short name for Jiangxi is 赣 (pinyin: Gàn; Gan: Gōm), for the Gan River which runs across from the south to the north and flows into the Yangtze River. Jiangxi is also alternately called Ganpo Dadi (贛鄱大地) which literally means the "Great Land of Gan and Po".
The Kingdom of Tungning or Kingdom of Formosa was a government that ruled part of southwestern Formosa (Taiwan) between 1661 and 1683.
Kunming is the capital and largest city of Yunnan province in southwest China.
Li Dingguo (Wade-Giles: Li Ting-kuo) (1621 – 1662) was a military general who fought for the Southern Ming against the Qing Dynasty.
The Ming dynasty ruled China from 1368 to 1644, succeeding the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty and falling amidst much peasant turmoil to the Manchu-ruled Qing dynasty.
The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Myanmar (Burma).
Michał Piotr BoymHis first name is also often rendered as Michele, Michel, Miguel, Michael Peter (Transliterated also (using Wade-Giles) as Pu Che-yuen Mi-ko c. 1612–1659) was a Polish Jesuit missionary to China, scientist and explorer.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Nanning (Zhuang: Namzningz) is the capital of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.
Pindale Min (ပင်းတလဲမင်း,; 23 March 1608 – 3 June 1661) was king of the Toungoo dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1648 to 1661.
The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.
Prince of Gui (桂王), was a first-rank princely peerage used during Ming dynasty, this peerage title was created by Wanli Emperor.
Pye Min (ပြည်မင်း,; 26 May 1619 – 14 April 1672) was king of Toungoo dynasty from 1661 to 1672.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
A regnal year is a year of the reign of a sovereign, from the Latin regnum meaning kingdom, rule.
Sagaing is the capital of Sagaing Region (formerly Sagaing Division).
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
The Southern Ming was a loyalist movement that was active in southern China following the Ming dynasty's collapse in 1644.
A surname, family name, or last name is the portion of a personal name that indicates a person's family (or tribe or community, depending on the culture).
The Toungoo dynasty (တောင်ငူမင်းဆက်,; also spelt Taungoo dynasty) was the ruling dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from the mid-16th century to 1752.
The Wanli Emperor (4 September 1563 – 18 August 1620), personal name Zhu Yijun, was the 14th emperor of the Ming dynasty of China.
Wu Sangui (courtesy name Changbai (長白) or Changbo (長伯); 1612 – 2 October 1678) was a Chinese military general who was instrumental in the fall of the Ming Dynasty and the establishment of the Qing Dynasty in 1644.
The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country.
Zhu is the pinyin romanization of four Chinese surnames: 朱, 祝, 竺, and 諸. It is alternatively spelled Chu in the Wade-Giles romanization system (primarily used in Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan), and Choo (predominantly adopted in Singapore and Malaysia).
Zhu Benli or Dingwu Emperor is claimed to be the last emperor of Southern Ming.
Zhu Changqing (died 1649), Prince of Huai, was claimed to be emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty; his regime name was Dongwu (東武).
Zhu Shugui (1617 – 21 July 1683), courtesy name Tianqiu and art name Yiyuanzi, formally known as the Prince of Ningjing, was a Ming dynasty prince and the last of the pretenders to the Ming throne after the fall of the Ming Empire in 1644.
The Gengyin Emperor (1618–1662), personal name Zhu Yihai, was an emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty, reigning from 1645 to 1655.
The Hongguang Emperor (1607–1646), personal name Zhu Yousong, was the first emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty.
Zhu Yujian (1602 – 6 October 1646), the Prince of Tang, reigned as the Longwu Emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty from 18 August 1645, when he was enthroned in Fuzhou, to 6 October 1646, when he was captured and executed by a contingent of the Qing army.
Zhu Yuyue (died January 1647), the Prince of Tang (唐王) reigned as the Shaowu Emperor (紹武) of the Southern Ming dynasty from 1646-1647.