91 relations: Amount of substance, Annalen der Physik, Arrhenius equation, Atomic mass, Avogadro constant, Bipolar junction transistor, Boltzmann constant, Boltzmann distribution, Calorie, Centimetre–gram–second system of units, Chemical kinetics, Classical mechanics, Committee on Data for Science and Technology, Conservatoire national des arts et métiers, Decibel watt, Degrees of freedom (physics and chemistry), Dimensional analysis, Dimensionless quantity, Electric current, Electric potential, Electronvolt, Elementary charge, Entropy, Entropy (information theory), Erg, Foot-pound (energy), Gas constant, General Conference on Weights and Measures, Hartree, Helium, Hertz, Heuristic, Ideal gas, Ideal gas law, Institute of Physics, International Bureau of Weights and Measures, International System of Units, Isolated system, Johnson–Nyquist noise, Joule, Kelvin, Kinetic energy, Kinetic theory of gases, KT (energy), Laboratoire national de métrologie et d'essais, Ludwig Boltzmann, Macroscopic scale, Max Planck, Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution, Microstate (statistical mechanics), ..., Mole (unit), Nat (unit), National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Physical Laboratory (United Kingdom), Natural logarithm, Natural units, Nobel Prize, Order of magnitude, Orders of magnitude (energy), Particle, Particle number, Partition function (statistical mechanics), P–n junction, Physical constant, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Planck constant, Planck mass, Planck temperature, Planck units, Planck's law, Pressure, Proposed redefinition of SI base units, Rankine scale, Relative atomic mass, Room temperature, Rydberg constant, Semiconductor, Shannon (unit), Shockley diode equation, Speed of light, Statistical mechanics, Temperature, Thermodynamic equilibrium, Thermodynamic temperature, Thermodynamics, Triple point, Uncertainty, Volume, Water (data page), Wavenumber, Xenon. Expand index (41 more) »

## Amount of substance

Amount of substance (symbol for the quantity is 'n') is a standard-defined quantity that measures the size of an ensemble of elementary entities, such as atoms, molecules, electrons, and other particles.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Amount of substance · See more »

## Annalen der Physik

Annalen der Physik (English: Annals of Physics) is one of the oldest scientific journals on physics and has been published since 1799.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Annalen der Physik · See more »

## Arrhenius equation

The Arrhenius equation is a formula for the temperature dependence of reaction rates.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Arrhenius equation · See more »

## Atomic mass

The atomic mass (ma) is the mass of an atom.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Atomic mass · See more »

## Avogadro constant

In chemistry and physics, the Avogadro constant (named after scientist Amedeo Avogadro) is the number of constituent particles, usually atoms or molecules, that are contained in the amount of substance given by one mole.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Avogadro constant · See more »

## Bipolar junction transistor

|- align.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Bipolar junction transistor · See more »

## Boltzmann constant

The Boltzmann constant, which is named after Ludwig Boltzmann, is a physical constant relating the average kinetic energy of particles in a gas with the temperature of the gas.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Boltzmann constant · See more »

## Boltzmann distribution

In statistical mechanics and mathematics, a Boltzmann distribution (also called Gibbs distribution Translated by J.B. Sykes and M.J. Kearsley. See section 28) is a probability distribution, probability measure, or frequency distribution of particles in a system over various possible states.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Boltzmann distribution · See more »

## Calorie

A calorie is a unit of energy.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Calorie · See more »

## Centimetre–gram–second system of units

The centimetre–gram–second system of units (abbreviated CGS or cgs) is a variant of the metric system based on the centimetre as the unit of length, the gram as the unit of mass, and the second as the unit of time.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Centimetre–gram–second system of units · See more »

## Chemical kinetics

Chemical kinetics, also known as reaction kinetics, is the study of rates of chemical processes.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Chemical kinetics · See more »

## Classical mechanics

Classical mechanics describes the motion of macroscopic objects, from projectiles to parts of machinery, and astronomical objects, such as spacecraft, planets, stars and galaxies.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Classical mechanics · See more »

## Committee on Data for Science and Technology

The Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) was established in 1966 as an interdisciplinary committee of the International Council for Science.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Committee on Data for Science and Technology · See more »

## Conservatoire national des arts et métiers

The Conservatoire national des arts et métiers (CNAM; National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts) is a doctoral degree-granting higher education establishment (or grand établissement) and Grande école in engineering, operated by the French government, dedicated to providing education and conducting research for the promotion of science and industry.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Conservatoire national des arts et métiers · See more »

## Decibel watt

The decibel watt or dBW is a unit for the measurement of the strength of a signal expressed in decibels relative to one watt.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Decibel watt · See more »

## Degrees of freedom (physics and chemistry)

In physics, a degree of freedom is an independent physical parameter in the formal description of the state of a physical system.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Degrees of freedom (physics and chemistry) · See more »

## Dimensional analysis

In engineering and science, dimensional analysis is the analysis of the relationships between different physical quantities by identifying their base quantities (such as length, mass, time, and electric charge) and units of measure (such as miles vs. kilometers, or pounds vs. kilograms) and tracking these dimensions as calculations or comparisons are performed.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Dimensional analysis · See more »

## Dimensionless quantity

In dimensional analysis, a dimensionless quantity is a quantity to which no physical dimension is assigned.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Dimensionless quantity · See more »

## Electric current

An electric current is a flow of electric charge.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Electric current · See more »

## Electric potential

An electric potential (also called the electric field potential, potential drop or the electrostatic potential) is the amount of work needed to move a unit positive charge from a reference point to a specific point inside the field without producing any acceleration.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Electric potential · See more »

## Electronvolt

In physics, the electronvolt (symbol eV, also written electron-volt and electron volt) is a unit of energy equal to approximately joules (symbol J).

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Electronvolt · See more »

## Elementary charge

The elementary charge, usually denoted as or sometimes, is the electric charge carried by a single proton, or equivalently, the magnitude of the electric charge carried by a single electron, which has charge.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Elementary charge · See more »

## Entropy

In statistical mechanics, entropy is an extensive property of a thermodynamic system.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Entropy · See more »

## Entropy (information theory)

Information entropy is the average rate at which information is produced by a stochastic source of data.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Entropy (information theory) · See more »

## Erg

The erg is a unit of energy and work equal to 10−7 joules.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Erg · See more »

## Foot-pound (energy)

The foot pound-force (symbol: ft⋅lbf or ft⋅lb) is a unit of work or energy in the Engineering and Gravitational Systems in United States customary and imperial units of measure.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Foot-pound (energy) · See more »

## Gas constant

The gas constant is also known as the molar, universal, or ideal gas constant, denoted by the symbol or and is equivalent to the Boltzmann constant, but expressed in units of energy per temperature increment per mole, i.e. the pressure-volume product, rather than energy per temperature increment per particle.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Gas constant · See more »

## General Conference on Weights and Measures

The General Conference on Weights and Measures (Conférence générale des poids et mesures – CGPM) is the supreme authority of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (Bureau international des poids et mesures – BIPM), the inter-governmental organization established in 1875 under the terms of the Metre Convention (Convention du Mètre) through which Member States act together on matters related to measurement science and measurement standards.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and General Conference on Weights and Measures · See more »

## Hartree

The hartree (symbol: Eh or Ha), also known as the Hartree energy, is the atomic unit of energy, named after the British physicist Douglas Hartree.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Hartree · See more »

## Helium

Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Helium · See more »

## Hertz

The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Hertz · See more »

## Heuristic

A heuristic technique (εὑρίσκω, "find" or "discover"), often called simply a heuristic, is any approach to problem solving, learning, or discovery that employs a practical method, not guaranteed to be optimal, perfect, logical, or rational, but instead sufficient for reaching an immediate goal.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Heuristic · See more »

## Ideal gas

An ideal gas is a theoretical gas composed of many randomly moving point particles whose only interactions are perfectly elastic collisions.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Ideal gas · See more »

## Ideal gas law

The ideal gas law, also called the general gas equation, is the equation of state of a hypothetical ideal gas.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Ideal gas law · See more »

## Institute of Physics

The Institute of Physics (IOP) is a scientific charity that works to advance physics education, research and application.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Institute of Physics · See more »

## International Bureau of Weights and Measures

The International Bureau of Weights and Measures (Bureau international des poids et mesures) is an intergovernmental organization established by the Metre Convention, through which Member States act together on matters related to measurement science and measurement standards.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and International Bureau of Weights and Measures · See more »

## International System of Units

The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and International System of Units · See more »

## Isolated system

In physical science, an isolated system is either of the following.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Isolated system · See more »

## Johnson–Nyquist noise

Johnson–Nyquist noise (thermal noise, Johnson noise, or Nyquist noise) is the electronic noise generated by the thermal agitation of the charge carriers (usually the electrons) inside an electrical conductor at equilibrium, which happens regardless of any applied voltage.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Johnson–Nyquist noise · See more »

## Joule

The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Joule · See more »

## Kelvin

The Kelvin scale is an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Kelvin · See more »

## Kinetic energy

In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Kinetic energy · See more »

## Kinetic theory of gases

The kinetic theory describes a gas as a large number of submicroscopic particles (atoms or molecules), all of which are in constant rapid motion that has randomness arising from their many collisions with each other and with the walls of the container.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Kinetic theory of gases · See more »

## KT (energy)

kT is the product of the Boltzmann constant, k, and the temperature, T. This product is used in physics as a scale factor for energy values in molecular-scale systems (sometimes it is used as a unit of energy), as the rates and frequencies of many processes and phenomena depend not on their energy alone, but on the ratio of that energy and kT, that is, on (see Arrhenius equation, Boltzmann factor).

New!!: Boltzmann constant and KT (energy) · See more »

## Laboratoire national de métrologie et d'essais

The Laboratoire national de métrologie et d'essais (National Laboratory of Metrology and Testing) is a French reference laboratory responsible for carrying out measurement and testing products of all kinds for their certification for placing them on the market.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Laboratoire national de métrologie et d'essais · See more »

## Ludwig Boltzmann

Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann (February 20, 1844 – September 5, 1906) was an Austrian physicist and philosopher whose greatest achievement was in the development of statistical mechanics, which explains and predicts how the properties of atoms (such as mass, charge, and structure) determine the physical properties of matter (such as viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion).

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Ludwig Boltzmann · See more »

## Macroscopic scale

The macroscopic scale is the length scale on which objects or phenomena are large enough to be visible almost practically with the naked eye, without magnifying optical instruments.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Macroscopic scale · See more »

## Max Planck

Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, FRS (23 April 1858 – 4 October 1947) was a German theoretical physicist whose discovery of energy quanta won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Max Planck · See more »

## Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution

In physics (in particular in statistical mechanics), the Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution is a particular probability distribution named after James Clerk Maxwell and Ludwig Boltzmann.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution · See more »

## Microstate (statistical mechanics)

In statistical mechanics, a microstate is a specific microscopic configuration of a thermodynamic system that the system may occupy with a certain probability in the course of its thermal fluctuations.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Microstate (statistical mechanics) · See more »

## Mole (unit)

The mole, symbol mol, is the SI unit of amount of substance.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Mole (unit) · See more »

## Nat (unit)

The natural unit of information (symbol: nat), sometimes also nit or nepit, is a unit of information or entropy, based on natural logarithms and powers of ''e'', rather than the powers of 2 and base 2 logarithms, which define the bit.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Nat (unit) · See more »

## National Institute of Standards and Technology

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is one of the oldest physical science laboratories in the United States.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and National Institute of Standards and Technology · See more »

## National Physical Laboratory (United Kingdom)

The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) is the national measurement standards laboratory for the United Kingdom, based at Bushy Park in Teddington, London, England.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and National Physical Laboratory (United Kingdom) · See more »

## Natural logarithm

The natural logarithm of a number is its logarithm to the base of the mathematical constant ''e'', where e is an irrational and transcendental number approximately equal to.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Natural logarithm · See more »

## Natural units

In physics, natural units are physical units of measurement based only on universal physical constants.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Natural units · See more »

## Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Nobel Prize · See more »

## Order of magnitude

An order of magnitude is an approximate measure of the number of digits that a number has in the commonly-used base-ten number system.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Order of magnitude · See more »

## Orders of magnitude (energy)

This list compares various energies in joules (J), organized by order of magnitude.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Orders of magnitude (energy) · See more »

## Particle

In the physical sciences, a particle (or corpuscule in older texts) is a small localized object to which can be ascribed several physical or chemical properties such as volume, density or mass.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Particle · See more »

## Particle number

The particle number (or number of particles) of a thermodynamic system, conventionally indicated with the letter N, is the number of constituent particles in that system.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Particle number · See more »

## Partition function (statistical mechanics)

In physics, a partition function describes the statistical properties of a system in thermodynamic equilibrium.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Partition function (statistical mechanics) · See more »

## P–n junction

A p–n junction is a boundary or interface between two types of semiconductor materials, p-type and n-type, inside a single crystal of semiconductor.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and P–n junction · See more »

## Physical constant

A physical constant, sometimes fundamental physical constant or universal constant, is a physical quantity that is generally believed to be both universal in nature and have constant value in time.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Physical constant · See more »

## Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt

The Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) is the national metrology institute of the Federal Republic of Germany, with scientific and technical service tasks.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt · See more »

## Planck constant

The Planck constant (denoted, also called Planck's constant) is a physical constant that is the quantum of action, central in quantum mechanics.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Planck constant · See more »

## Planck mass

In physics, the Planck mass, denoted by mP, is the unit of mass in the system of natural units known as Planck units.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Planck mass · See more »

## Planck temperature

Planck temperature, denoted by TP, is the unit of temperature in the system of natural units known as Planck units.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Planck temperature · See more »

## Planck units

In particle physics and physical cosmology, Planck units are a set of units of measurement defined exclusively in terms of five universal physical constants, in such a manner that these five physical constants take on the numerical value of 1 when expressed in terms of these units.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Planck units · See more »

## Planck's law

Planck's law describes the spectral density of electromagnetic radiation emitted by a black body in thermal equilibrium at a given temperature T. The law is named after Max Planck, who proposed it in 1900.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Planck's law · See more »

## Pressure

Pressure (symbol: p or P) is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Pressure · See more »

## Proposed redefinition of SI base units

The International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM) has proposed revised definitions of the SI base units, for consideration at the 26th General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM).

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Proposed redefinition of SI base units · See more »

## Rankine scale

The Rankine scale is an absolute scale of thermodynamic temperature named after the Glasgow University engineer and physicist William John Macquorn Rankine, who proposed it in 1859.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Rankine scale · See more »

## Relative atomic mass

Relative atomic mass (symbol: A) or atomic weight is a dimensionless physical quantity defined as the ratio of the average mass of atoms of a chemical element in a given sample to one unified atomic mass unit.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Relative atomic mass · See more »

## Room temperature

Colloquially, room temperature is the range of air temperatures that most people prefer for indoor settings, which feel comfortable when wearing typical indoor clothing.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Room temperature · See more »

## Rydberg constant

The Rydberg constant, symbol R∞ for heavy atoms or RH for hydrogen, named after the Swedish physicist Johannes Rydberg, is a physical constant relating to atomic spectra, in the science of spectroscopy.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Rydberg constant · See more »

## Semiconductor

A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor – such as copper, gold etc.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Semiconductor · See more »

## Shannon (unit)

The shannon (symbol: Sh), more commonly known as the bit, is a unit of information and of entropy defined by IEC 80000-13.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Shannon (unit) · See more »

## Shockley diode equation

The Shockley diode equation or the diode law, named after transistor co-inventor William Shockley of Bell Telephone Laboratories, gives the I–V (current-voltage) characteristic of an idealized diode in either forward or reverse bias (applied voltage): where The equation is called the Shockley ideal diode equation when n, the ideality factor, is set equal to 1.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Shockley diode equation · See more »

## Speed of light

The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted, is a universal physical constant important in many areas of physics.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Speed of light · See more »

## Statistical mechanics

Statistical mechanics is one of the pillars of modern physics.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Statistical mechanics · See more »

## Temperature

Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Temperature · See more »

## Thermodynamic equilibrium

Thermodynamic equilibrium is an axiomatic concept of thermodynamics.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Thermodynamic equilibrium · See more »

## Thermodynamic temperature

Thermodynamic temperature is the absolute measure of temperature and is one of the principal parameters of thermodynamics.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Thermodynamic temperature · See more »

## Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics is the branch of physics concerned with heat and temperature and their relation to energy and work.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Thermodynamics · See more »

## Triple point

In thermodynamics, the triple point of a substance is the temperature and pressure at which the three phases (gas, liquid, and solid) of that substance coexist in thermodynamic equilibrium.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Triple point · See more »

## Uncertainty

Uncertainty has been called "an unintelligible expression without a straightforward description".

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Uncertainty · See more »

## Volume

Volume is the quantity of three-dimensional space enclosed by a closed surface, for example, the space that a substance (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or shape occupies or contains.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Volume · See more »

## Water (data page)

This page provides supplementary data to the article properties of water.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Water (data page) · See more »

## Wavenumber

In the physical sciences, the wavenumber (also wave number or repetency) is the spatial frequency of a wave, measured in cycles per unit distance or radians per unit distance.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Wavenumber · See more »

## Xenon

Xenon is a chemical element with symbol Xe and atomic number 54.

New!!: Boltzmann constant and Xenon · See more »

## Redirects here:

Boltzman constant, Boltzman's constant, Boltzmann Constant, Boltzmann's Constant, Boltzmann's constant, Boltzmanns Constant, Boltzmanns constant, Boltzmann’s constant, Bolzmann constant, Dimensionless entropy, K boltzmann, Thermal voltage.

## References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boltzmann_constant