153 relations: Ackermann steering geometry, Aftermarket (automotive), Alcohol, Aluminium, Anthropometry, Australian Capital Territory, Automotive electronics, Bad Cannstatt, Bajaj Auto, Bicycle, Bicycle and motorcycle dynamics, Bicycle pedal, Birmingham Small Arms Company, Canada Safety Council, Carbon monoxide, Carburetor, Catalytic converter, Consumer Reports, Countersteering, Coventry, Craig Vetter Fuel Economy Challenge, Cruiser (motorcycle), Cruising (driving), Cylinder (engine), Daimler Reitwagen, Despatch rider, Disc brake, DKW, Drive shaft, Drug, Dual-sport motorcycle, East Germany, Edward Butler (inventor), Electric motorcycles and scooters, Emission standard, Engine displacement, England, European emission standards, Excelsior Motor Company, Fatality Analysis Reporting System, Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme, Flat twin engine, For Dummies, Four-stroke engine, Fuel cell vehicle, Fuel tank, G. N. Georgano, Gottlieb Daimler, Graduated driver licensing, Grand Prix motorcycle racing, ..., Greenwich, Harley-Davidson, Haynes Manual, Hero Honda Splendor, Hero MotoCorp, Hildebrand & Wolfmüller, Hoboken, New Jersey, Honda, Honda Super Cub, Human factors and ergonomics, Hybrid vehicle, Ignition magneto, Ignition system, Indian Motocycle Manufacturing Company, Institute of Advanced Motorists, Internal combustion engine, John Wiley & Sons, List of motorcycle manufacturers, Long-distance motorcycle riding, Manitoba, Manual transmission, Merriam-Webster, Merryweather & Sons, Metz Company, Michaux-Perreaux steam velocipede, Moped, Moto Guzzi, Motocross, Motor vehicle, Motorcycle accessories, Motorcycle club, Motorcycle commuting, Motorcycle components, Motorcycle engine, Motorcycle fork, Motorcycle frame, Motorcycle industry in China, Motorcycle racing, Motorcycle rally, Motorcycle Safety Foundation, Motorcycle sport, Motorcycle trailer, Motorcycle tyre, Motorcycling, MZ Motorrad- und Zweiradwerk, New South Wales, Nitrogen oxide, Northern Territory, Norton Motorcycle Company, NSU Motorenwerke, Off-roading, Original equipment manufacturer, Oxford University Press, Petroleum, Piaggio, Pillion, Quebec, Radiator, Republic of Ireland, Road racing, Roper steam velocipede, Rotary valve, Roxbury, Boston, Royal Enfield, Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents, Safety bicycle, Scooter (motorcycle), Sequential manual transmission, Sidecar, Sport bike, Stanley Cycle Show, Starter (engine), Statistical significance, Steam engine, Steel, Stoppie, Streamlined motorcycle, Swingarm, Sylvester H. Roper, Tasmania, Team Oregon, Think Bike, Three-wheeler, Throttle, Toothed belt, Touring motorcycle, Triple Entente, Triumph Engineering, Triumph Model H, TVS Motor Company, Types of motorcycles, Unburned hydrocarbon, United States Department of Transportation, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Vehicle emissions control, Velocipede, Victoria (Australia), Waltham, Massachusetts, Wheelie, Wilhelm Maybach, Wired (magazine), Yamaha Corporation, Zero emission. Expand index (103 more) » « Shrink index
Ackermann steering geometry is a geometric arrangement of linkages in the steering of a car or other vehicle designed to solve the problem of wheels on the inside and outside of a turn needing to trace out circles of different radii.
The automotive aftermarket is the secondary market of the automotive industry, concerned with the manufacturing, remanufacturing, distribution, retailing, and installation of all vehicle parts, chemicals, equipment, and accessories, after the sale of the automobile by the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) to the consumer.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
Anthropometry (from Greek ἄνθρωπος anthropos, "human", and μέτρον metron, "measure") refers to the measurement of the human individual.
The Australian Capital Territory (ACT; known as the Federal Capital Territory until 1938) is Australia's federal district, located in the south-east of the country and enclaved within the state of New South Wales.
Automotive electronics are electronic systems used in vehicles, including engine management, ignition, radio, carputers, telematics, in-car entertainment systems and others.
Bad Cannstatt, formerly just "Cannstatt" or "Kannstadt" (until 1900), is one of the outer stadtbezirke, or city districts, of Stuttgart in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Bajaj Auto Limited is a global two-wheeler and three-wheeler Indian manufacturing company.
A bicycle, also called a cycle or bike, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.
Bicycle and motorcycle dynamics is the science of the motion of bicycles and motorcycles and their components, due to the forces acting on them.
The bicycle pedal is the part of a bicycle that the rider pushes with their foot to propel the bicycle.
The Birmingham Small Arms Company Limited (BSA) was a major British industrial combine, a group of businesses manufacturing military and sporting firearms; bicycles; motorcycles; cars; buses and bodies; steel; iron castings; hand, power, and machine tools; coal cleaning and handling plants; sintered metals; and hard chrome process.
The Canada Safety Council is a national, non-profit, charitable organization dedicated to safety.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
A carburetor (American English) or carburettor (British English; see spelling differences) is a device that mixes air and fuel for internal combustion engines in the proper ratio for combustion.
A catalytic converter is an exhaust emission control device that converts toxic gases and pollutants in exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine into less-toxic pollutants by catalyzing a redox reaction (an oxidation and a reduction reaction).
Consumer Reports is an American magazine published since 1930 by Consumers Union, a nonprofit organization dedicated to unbiased product testing, consumer-oriented research, public education, and advocacy.
Countersteering is used by single-track vehicle operators, such as cyclists and motorcyclists, to initiate a turn toward a given direction by momentarily steering counter to the desired direction ("steer left to turn right").
Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
The Craig Vetter Fuel Economy Challenge is a motorcycle fuel efficiency contest created in 1980 by motorcycle fairing inventor Craig Vetter.
A cruiser is a motorcycle in the style of American machines from the 1930s to the early 1960s, including those made by Harley-Davidson, Indian, Excelsior and Henderson.
Cruising is a social activity that primarily consists of driving a car.
A cylinder is the central working part of a reciprocating engine or pump, the space in which a piston travels.
The Daimler Petroleum Reitwagen ("riding car") or Einspur ("single track") was a motor vehicle made by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in 1885.
A despatch rider (or dispatch) is a military messenger, mounted on horse or motorcycle (and occasionally in Egypt during World War I, on camels).
A disc brake is a type of brake that uses calipers to squeeze pairs of pads against a disc or "rotor" to create friction.
DKW (Dampf-Kraft-Wagen, steam-powered car) is a German car and motorcycle marque.
A drive shaft, driveshaft, driving shaft, propeller shaft (prop shaft), or Cardan shaft is a mechanical component for transmitting torque and rotation, usually used to connect other components of a drive train that cannot be connected directly because of distance or the need to allow for relative movement between them.
A drug is any substance (other than food that provides nutritional support) that, when inhaled, injected, smoked, consumed, absorbed via a patch on the skin, or dissolved under the tongue causes a temporary physiological (and often psychological) change in the body.
A dual-sport motorcycle is a type of street-legal motorcycle that is designed for both on and off-road use.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Edward Butler (1862–1940) was an English inventor who produced an early three-wheeled petrol automobile called the Butler Petrol Cycle, which is accepted by many as the first British car.
Electric motorcycles and scooters are plug-in electric vehicles with two or three wheels powered by electricity.
Emission standards are the legal requirements governing air pollutants released into the atmosphere.
Engine displacement is the swept volume of all the pistons inside the cylinders of a reciprocating engine in a single movement from top dead centre (TDC) to bottom dead centre (BDC).
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
European emission standards define the acceptable limits for exhaust emissions of new vehicles sold in EU and EEA member states.
Excelsior, based in Coventry, was a British bicycle, motorcycle and car maker.
Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) was created in the United States by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to provide an overall measure of highway safety, to help suggest solutions, and to help provide an objective basis to evaluate the effectiveness of motor vehicle safety standards and highway safety programs.
The Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM, International Motorcycling Federation) is the global governing/sanctioning body of motorcycle racing.
A flat-twin is a two-cylinder internal combustion engine with the cylinders on opposite sides of the crankshaft.
For Dummies is an extensive series of instructional/reference books which are intended to present non-intimidating guides for readers new to the various topics covered.
A four-stroke (also four-cycle) engine is an internal combustion (IC) engine in which the piston completes four separate strokes while turning the crankshaft.
A fuel cell vehicle (FCV) or fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) is a type of electric vehicle which uses a fuel cell, instead of a battery, or in combination with a battery or supercapacitor, to power its on-board electric motor.
A fuel tank (or petrol tank) is a safe container for flammable fluids.
George Nicholas "Nick" Georgano (1932-22 October 2017 Alvis Archive Blog, 24 Oct. 2017 The Society of Automotive History) was a British author, specialising in motoring history.
Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler (17 March 1834 – 6 March 1900) was an engineer, industrial designer and industrialist born in Schorndorf (Kingdom of Württemberg, a federal state of the German Confederation), in what is now Germany.
Graduated driver licensing systems (GDLS) are designed to provide new drivers of motor vehicles with driving experience and skills gradually over time in low-risk environments.
Grand Prix motorcycle racing refers to the premier class of motorcycle racing events held on road circuits sanctioned by FIM.
Greenwich is an area of south east London, England, located east-southeast of Charing Cross.
Harley-Davidson, Inc. (H-D), or Harley, is an American motorcycle manufacturer, founded in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1903.
The Haynes Owner's Workshop Manuals (commonly known as simply Haynes Manuals) are a series of practical manuals from the British publisher Haynes Publishing Group.
The Hero Honda Splendor is a motorcycle manufactured in India by Hero Honda.
Hero Motocorp Ltd., formerly Hero Honda, is an Indian motorcycle and scooter manufacturer based in New Delhi, India.
The Hildebrand & Wolfmüller was the world's first production motorcycle.
Hoboken (Unami: Hupokàn) is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States.
is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and power equipment.
The Honda Super Cub is a Honda underbone motorcycle with a four stroke single cylinder engine ranging in displacement from.
Human factors and ergonomics (commonly referred to as Human Factors), is the application of psychological and physiological principles to the (engineering and) design of products, processes, and systems.
A hybrid vehicle uses two or more distinct types of power, such as internal combustion engine to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, e.g. in diesel-electric trains using diesel engines to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, and submarines that use diesels when surfaced and batteries when submerged.
An ignition magneto, or high tension magneto, is a magneto that provides current for the ignition system of a spark-ignition engine, such as a petrol engine.
An ignition system generates a spark or heats an electrode to a high temperature to ignite a fuel-air mixture in spark ignition internal combustion engines oil-fired and gas-fired boilers, rocket engines, etc.
Indian is an American brand of motorcycles Spelling as per, 1929-31 originally produced from 1901 to 1953 in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States.
IAM RoadSmart formerly called the Institute of Advanced Motorists (IAM) is a charity based in the United Kingdom and serving nine countries, whose objective is to improve car driving and motorcycle riding standards, and so enhance road safety, by using the British police's system of car and motorcycle control commonly known as "the System".
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
The following is a list of motorcycle manufacturers worldwide, sorted by extant/extinct status and by country.
Long-distance riding is the activity of riding motorcycles over long distances, both competitively and as a pastime.
Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada.
A manual transmission, also known as a manual gearbox, a standard transmission or colloquially in some countries (e.g. the United States) as a stick shift is a type of transmission used in motor vehicle applications.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
Merryweather & Sons of Clapham, later Greenwich, London, were builders of steam fire engines and steam tram engines.
The Metz Company was a pioneer brass era automobile maker established by Charles Herman Metz in Waltham, Massachusetts, from ca.1908 to 1922.
The Michaux-Perreaux steam velocipede was a steam powered velocipede made in France sometime from 1867 to 1871, when a small Louis-Guillaume Perreaux commercial steam engine was attached to a Pierre Michaux manufactured iron framed pedal bicycle.
A moped is a small motorcycle, generally having a less stringent licensing requirement than motorcycles or automobiles because mopeds typically travel about the same speed as bicycles on public roads.
Moto Guzzi is an Italian motorcycle manufacturer and the oldest European manufacturer in continuous motorcycle production.
Motocross is a form of off-road motorcycle racing held on enclosed off-road circuits.
A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on rails, such as trains or trams and used for the transportation of passengers, or passengers and property.
Motorcycle accessories are features and accessories selected by a motorcycle owner to enhance safety, performance, or comfort, and may include anything from mobile electronics to sidecars and trailers.
A motorcycle club is a group of individuals whose primary interest and activities involve motorcycles.
Motorcycle commuting is a commuting alternative to buses, trains and cars.
Motorcycle components and systems for a motorcycle are engineered, manufactured, and assembled in order to produce motorcycle models with the desired performance, aesthetics, and cost.
A motorcycle engine is an engine that powers a motorcycle.
A motorcycle fork connects a motorcycle's front wheel and axle to its frame, typically via a triple tree, which consists of an upper triple clamp joined to a lower triple clamp via a steering stem, a shaft that runs through the steering head, creating the steering axis.
A motorcycle frame is a motorcycle's core structure.
The motorcycle industry of the People’s Republic of China exceeds that of any country in the world with a motorcycle output of 22,891,700 in 2013, with 39.75% of the total production exported.
Motorcycle racing (also called moto racing and motorbike racing) is the motorcycle sport of racing motorcycles.
A motorcycle rally is a gathering of motorcycle enthusiasts.
The Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF) is a United States national, not-for-profit organization, founded in 1973, and sponsored by the U.S. manufacturers and distributors of BMW, BRP, Ducati, Harley-Davidson, Honda, Kawasaki, KTM, Piaggio/Vespa, Suzuki, Triumph, Polaris Motorcycles and Yamaha motorcycles.
Motorcycle sport is a broad field that encompasses all sporting aspects of motorcycling.
A motorcycle trailer is either a trailer used to carry motorcycles or one to be pulled by a motorcycle in order to carry additional gear.
Motorcycle tyres (tires in American English) are the outer part of motorcycle wheels, attached to the rims, providing traction, resisting wear, absorbing surface irregularities, and allowing the motorcycle to turn via countersteering.
Motorcycling is riding a motorcycle.
Motorenwerke Zschopau GmbH, former MZ Motorrad- und Zweiradwerk GmbH is a German motorcycle manufacturer located in Zschopau, Saxony.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
Nitrogen oxide may refer to a binary compound of oxygen and nitrogen, or a mixture of such compounds.
The Northern Territory (abbreviated as NT) is a federal Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia.
The Norton Motorcycle Company (formerly Norton Motors, Ltd.) is a British motorcycle marque, originally from Birmingham, UK.
NSU Motorenwerke AG, or NSU, was a German manufacturer of automobiles, motorcycles and pedal cycles, founded in 1873.
Off-roading is the activity of driving or riding a vehicle on unsurfaced roads or tracks, made of materials such as sand, gravel, riverbeds, mud, snow, rocks, and other natural terrain.
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
Piaggio & C. SpA (Piaggio) is an Italian motor vehicle manufacturer, which via its subsidiaries designs, engineers, manufactures and distributes two wheeled motor vehicles and compact commercial vehicles under seven brands: Piaggio, Vespa, Gilera, Aprilia, Moto Guzzi, Derbi, and Scarabeo.
A pillion is a mostly British English term for a secondary pad, cushion, or seat behind the main seat or saddle on a horse, motorcycle, bicycle or moped.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Radiators are heat exchangers used to transfer thermal energy from one medium to another for the purpose of cooling and heating.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
In North America, road racing is motor racing held on a paved closed circuit with both left and right turns.
The Roper steam velocipede was a steam-powered velocipede built by inventor Sylvester H. Roper of Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts, United States sometime from 1867–1869.
A rotary valve is a type of valve in which the rotation of a passage or passages in a transverse plug regulates the flow of liquid or gas through the attached pipes.
Roxbury is a dissolved municipality and a currently officially recognized neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts.
Royal Enfield was a brand name under which The Enfield Cycle Company Limited of Redditch, Worcestershire sold motorcycles, bicycles, lawnmowers and stationary engines which they had manufactured.
The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA) is a British charity that aims to save lives and prevent life-changing injuries which occur as a result of accidents.
A safety bicycle (or simply a safety) is a type of bicycle that became very popular beginning in the late 1880s as an alternative to the penny-farthing ("ordinary") and is now the most common type of bicycle.
A scooter (also referred to as a motor scooter to avoid confusion with kick scooter, but not to be confused with a motorized scooter) is a type of motorcycle with a step-through frame and a platform for the rider's feet.
A sequential manual transmission (or sequential manual gearbox) is a non-traditional type of manual transmission used on motorcycles and high-performance cars for auto racing, where gears are selected in order, and direct access to specific gears is not possible.
A sidecar is a one-wheeled device attached to the side of a motorcycle, scooter, or bicycle, producing a three-wheeled vehicle.
A sportbike, or sports bike, is a motorcycle optimized for speed, acceleration, braking, and cornering on paved roads, typically at the expense of comfort and fuel economy by comparison with other motorcycles.
The Stanley Cycle Show or Stanley Show was an exhibition of bicycles and tricycles first mounted by the Stanley Cycling Club in 1878 at The Athenaeum in London's Camden Road.
A starter (also self-starter, self, cranking motor, or starter motor) is a device used to rotate (crank) an internal-combustion engine so as to initiate the engine's operation under its own power.
In statistical hypothesis testing, a result has statistical significance when it is very unlikely to have occurred given the null hypothesis.
A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
The stoppie is a motorcycle and bicycle trick in which the back wheel is lifted and the bike is ridden on the front wheel by carefully applying brake pressure.
A streamlined motorcycle is a motorcycle with a fairing that goes beyond a 'full' or 'dustbin' fairing, to form an aerodynamic shell to minimize drag.
A swingarm, or "swinging arm" (UK), originally known as a swing fork or pivoted fork, is the main component of the rear suspension of most modern motorcycles and ATVs.
Sylvester Howard Roper (November 24, 1823 – June 1, 1896) was an American inventor and a pioneering builder of early automobiles and motorcycles from Boston, Massachusetts.
Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.
Team Oregon Motorcycle Safety Program, known as Team Oregon, is an American, Oregon-based motorcycle safety partnership between the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) and Oregon State University.
The Think Bike Campaign was started by biking enthusiasts in South Africa, and is run by bikers, in the interests of road safety and public awareness.
A three-wheeler is a vehicle with three wheels.
A throttle is the mechanism by which fluid flow is managed by the constriction or obstruction.
A toothed belt; timing belt; cogged belt; cog belt; or synchronous belt is a flexible belt with teeth moulded onto its inner surface.
A touring motorcycle is a type of motorcycle designed for touring.
The Triple Entente (from French entente "friendship, understanding, agreement") refers to the understanding linking the Russian Empire, the French Third Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente on 31 August 1907.
Triumph Engineering Co Ltd was a British motorcycle manufacturing company, based originally in Coventry and then in Solihull at Meriden.
The Triumph Model H (also known as the 'Type H' and 'the Trusty') is a British motorcycle made by Triumph Engineering Co Ltd in Coventry, England.
TVS Motor Company is a multinational motorcycle company headquartered at Chennai, India.
There are many systems for classifying types of motorcycles, describing how the motorcycles are put to use, or the designer's intent, or some combination of the two.
Unburned hydrocarbons (UHCs) are the hydrocarbons emitted after petroleum is burned in an engine.
The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT or DOT) is a federal Cabinet department of the U.S. government concerned with transportation.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
Vehicle emissions control is the study of reducing the emissions produced by motor vehicles, especially internal combustion engines.
A velocipede is a human-powered land vehicle with one or more wheels.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
Waltham is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, and was an early center for the labor movement as well as a major contributor to the American Industrial Revolution.
In vehicle acrobatics, a wheelie, or wheelstand, is a vehicle maneuver in which the front wheel or wheels come off the ground due to sufficient torque being applied to the rear wheel or wheels, or rider motion relative to the vehicle.
(9 February 1846 – 29 December 1929) was an early German engine designer and industrialist.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
() is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate with a very wide range of products and services, predominantly musical instruments, electronics and power sports equipment.
Zero emission refers to an engine, motor, process, or other energy source, that emits no waste products that pollute the environment or disrupt the climate.
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