244 relations: Aaliyah, African Americans, African-American music, Ahmet Ertegun, Ain't Nobody's Business, Ain't That a Shame, Al Hibbler, Alan Freed, Alexis Korner, All Shook Up, AllMusic, Atlantic Records, Bandleader, Bass guitar, Beat (music), Beat music, Bell pattern, Berry Gordy, Beyoncé, Big Bill Broonzy, Big Joe Turner, Big Mama Thornton, Bill Black, Billboard (magazine), Billboard Hot 100, Billy Wright (musician), Blue Suede Shoes, Blue-eyed soul, Blues, Bo Diddley, Bo Diddley beat, Bobby Womack, Bongo drum, Boogie-woogie, Boyz II Men, British Invasion, British rhythm and blues, Brook Benton, Cab Calloway, Cakewalk, Carl Perkins, Carla Thomas, Cell (music), Chain Gang (song), Chaka Khan, Chess Records, Christina Aguilera, Chubby Checker, Chuck Berry, Classical music, ..., Clave (rhythm), Claves, Cold War, Condé Nast, Conga, Contemporary R&B, Contradanza, Count Basie, Country music, Crying in the Chapel, Dancehall, Dave Bartholomew, Della Reese, Disco, Don't Knock the Rock, Doo-wop, Drum kit, Electric blues, Electric guitar, Electronic music, Elvis Presley, Eric Clapton, Fats Domino, Faye Adams, Folk club, Frank Sinatra, Frankie Lymon, Funk, Garage rock, Georgie Fame, Gerhard Kubik, Good Rocking Tonight, Gospel music, Great Migration (African American), Guajeo, Hard rock, Harlem Hamfats, Hearts of Stone, Hip hop, Hip hop music, Horn (instrument), Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, Hound Dog (song), I Got a Woman, I'm a Man (Bo Diddley song), Ida Red, Ike Turner, Illinois Jacquet, Imperial Records, It's All Over Now, Jailhouse Rock (song), James Brown, Jazz, Jeff Beck, Jelly Roll Morton, Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, Jerry Wexler, Jimmy Page, Jimmy Witherspoon, John Dolphin (music producer), Johnny Otis, Jump blues, Keyboard instrument, King Records (United States), L.A. Reid, LaFace Records, Last Night (Mar-Keys composition), Lawdy Miss Clawdy, Leonard Chess, Leroy Carr, List of artists who reached number one on the Billboard R&B chart, List of Billboard number-one rhythm and blues hits, List of R&B musicians, Little Richard, Lloyd Price, Long Tall Sally, Lonnie Johnson (musician), Louis Jordan, Mambo (music), Manfred Mann, Maraca, Mardi Gras Mambo, Mariah Carey, Marquee Club, Mary J. Blige, Maybellene, Memphis soul, Michael Jackson, Mod (subculture), Mod revival, Mona Lisa (Nat King Cole song), Motown, Music genre, Nat King Cole, Ned Sublette, Neo soul, New Georgia Encyclopedia, New Orleans, New Orleans rhythm and blues, Otis Redding, Paul Gayten, Paul Williams (saxophonist), Peter Green (musician), Piano, Pop music, Popular music, Pretty Things, Prince (musician), Professor Longhair, Progressive rock, Psychedelic rock, Pub rock (United Kingdom), R. Kelly, Ragtime, Ray Charles, RCA Records, Reggae, Religious music, Ring shout, Robert Palmer (writer), Rock and roll, Rock Around the Clock (film), Rock music, Rockabilly, Rolling Stone, Roy Brown (blues musician), Ruth Brown, Sam Cooke, Saturday Night Fish Fry, Savoy Records, Saxophone, Second line (parades), Sh-Boom, Shirley Goodman, Shop Around, Singing, Ska, Skiffle, Small Faces, Smooth jazz, Son cubano, Sonny Thompson, Soul music, Spanish Tinge, Specialty Records, Spiritual (music), Stagger Lee, Stax Records, Stevie Wonder, Sub-Saharan African music traditions, T-Bone Walker, Teardrops from My Eyes, The Animals, The Beatles, The Chords (American band), The Clovers, The Creation (band), The Graham Bond Organisation, The Hawketts, The Hucklebuck, The Kinks, The Mar-Keys, The Miracles, The Moody Blues, The New Yorker, The Orioles, The Rolling Stones, The Rolling Stones (album), The Spaniels, The Spencer Davis Group, The Twist (song), The Village Voice, The Who, The Yardbirds, Them (band), TLC (group), Toni Braxton, Tony Bennett, Too Young (Sidney Lippman and Sylvia Dee song), Trad jazz, Tresillo (rhythm), Tutti Frutti (song), Tympany Five, Umbrella term, Usher (musician), Vaporwave, Vocal harmony, What a Dream, Whitney Houston, WKNR, Wynonie Harris, Wynton Marsalis, Zoot Money, (The) Rock and Roll Waltz. Expand index (194 more) » « Shrink index
Aaliyah Dana Haughton (January 16, 1979 – August 25, 2001) was an American singer, actress, and model.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
African-American music is an umbrella term covering a diverse range of musics and musical genres largely developed by African Americans.
Ahmet Ertegun (Turkish spelling: Ahmet Ertegün; (– December 14, 2006) was a Turkish-American businessman, songwriter and philanthropist. He was best known as the co-founder and president of Atlantic Records, and for discovering and championing many leading rhythm and blues and rock musicians. He also wrote classic blues and pop songs, and served as the chairman of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and museum, located in Cleveland, Ohio. Ertegun has been described as "one of the most significant figures in the modern recording industry." In 2017 he was inducted into Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame in recognition of his work in the music business. He was also a significant figure in fostering ties between the U.S. and Turkey, his birthplace. He served as the chairman of the American Turkish Society for over 20 years until his death. He also co-founded the New York Cosmos soccer team of the original North American Soccer League.
"Ain't Nobody's Business" (originally "Tain't Nobody's Biz-ness if I Do") is a 1920s blues song that became one of the first blues standards.
"Ain't That a Shame" is a song written by Fats Domino and Dave Bartholomew.
Albert George "Al" Hibbler (August 16, 1915 – April 24, 2001) was an American baritone vocalist, who sang with Duke Ellington's orchestra before having several pop hits as a solo artist.
Albert James "Alan" Freed (December 15, 1921 – January 20, 1965) was an American disc jockey.
Alexis Andrew Nicholas Koerner (19 April 1928 – 1 January 1984) was a British blues musician and radio broadcaster, who has sometimes been referred to as "a founding father of British blues".
"All Shook Up" is a song recorded by Elvis Presley, published by Elvis Presley Music, and composed by Otis Blackwell.
AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide or AMG) is an online music guide.
Atlantic Recording Corporation (simply known as Atlantic Records) is an American major record label founded in October 1947 by Ahmet Ertegün and Herb Abramson.
A bandleader is the leader of a music group such as a rock or pop group or jazz quartet.
The bass guitar (also known as electric bass, or bass) is a stringed instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, and four to six strings or courses.
In music and music theory, the beat is the basic unit of time, the pulse (regularly repeating event), of the mensural level (or beat level).
Beat music, British beat, or Merseybeat (after bands from Liverpool and nearby areas beside the River Mersey) is a pop and rock music genre that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1960s.
A bell pattern is a rhythmic pattern of striking a hand-held bell or other instrument of the Idiophone family, to make it emit a sound at desired intervals.
Berry Gordy III (known professionally as Berry Gordy Jr., born November 28, 1929) is an American record executive, record producer, songwriter, film producer and television producer.
Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter (born September 4, 1981) is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, actress, and businesswoman.
Big Bill Broonzy (born Lee Conley Bradley, June 26, 1903 – August 14, 1958) was an American blues singer, songwriter and guitarist.
Joseph Vernon "Big Joe" Turner Jr. (May 18, 1911 – November 24, 1985) was an American blues shouter from Kansas City, Missouri.
Willie Mae "Big Mama" Thornton (December 11, 1926 – July 25, 1984) was an American rhythm-and-blues singer and songwriter.
William Patton "Bill" Black, Jr. (September 17, 1926 – October 21, 1965) was an American musician and bandleader who is noted as one of the pioneers of rock and roll.
Billboard (styled as billboard) is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries.
The Billboard Hot 100 is the music industry standard record chart in the United States for songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine.
William Wright (May 21, 1918 or 1932 – October 28, 1991) was an American jump blues singer.
"Blue Suede Shoes" is a rock-and-roll standard written and first recorded by Carl Perkins in 1955.
Blue-eyed soul (also known as white soul) is rhythm and blues and soul music performed by white artists.
Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
Ellas McDaniel (born Ellas Otha Bates, December 30, 1928 – June 2, 2008), known as Bo Diddley, was an American singer, guitarist, songwriter and music producer who played a key role in the transition from the blues to rock and roll.
The Bo Diddley beat is a syncopated musical rhythm that is widely used in rock and roll and pop music.
Robert Dwayne Womack (March 4, 1944 – June 27, 2014) was an American singer, songwriter and record producer.
Bongos (Spanish: bongó) are an Afro-Cuban percussion instrument consisting of a pair of small open bottomed drums of different sizes.
Boogie-woogie is a musical genre that became popular during the late 1920s, but developed in African-American communities in the 1870s.
Boyz II Men is an American R&B vocal group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, best known for emotional ballads and a cappella harmonies.
The British Invasion was a cultural phenomenon of the mid-1960s when rock and pop music acts from the United Kingdom and other aspects of British culture, became popular in the United States and significant to rising "counterculture" on both sides of the Atlantic.
British rhythm and blues (or R&B) was a musical movement that developed in the United Kingdom between the late 1950s and the early 1960s, and reached a peak in the mid-1960s.
Brook Benton, born Benjamin Franklin Peay, (September 19, 1931 – April 9, 1988) was an American singer and songwriter who was popular with rock and roll, rhythm and blues, and pop music audiences during the late 1950s and early 1960s, when he scored hits such as "It's Just a Matter of Time" and "Endlessly", many of which he co-wrote.
Cabell "Cab" Calloway III (December 25, 1907 – November 18, 1994) was an American jazz singer and bandleader.
The cakewalk or cake walk was a dance developed from the "prize walks" held in the late 19th century, generally at get-togethers on black slave plantations after emancipation in the Southern United States.
Carl Lee Perkins (April 9, 1932 – January 19, 1998)Pareles. was an American singer-songwriter who recorded most notably at the Sun Studio, in Memphis, beginning in 1954.
Carla Venita Thomas (born December 21, 1942) is an American singer, who is often referred to as the Queen of Memphis Soul.
The 1957 Encyclopédie Laroussequoted in Nattiez, Jean-Jacques (1990).
"Chain Gang" is a song by the American singer-songwriter Sam Cooke, released on July 26, 1960.
Chaka Khan (born Yvette Marie Stevens, March 23, 1953) is an American recording artist whose career has spanned five decades, beginning in the 1970s as the lead vocalist and focal point of the funk band Rufus.
Chess Records was an American record company, founded in 1950 in Chicago and specializing in blues and rhythm and blues.
Christina María Aguilera (born December 18, 1980) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and television personality.
Chubby Checker (birth name Ernest Evans; October 3, 1941) is an American rock n roll singer and dancer.
Charles Edward Anderson Berry (October 18, 1926 – March 18, 2017) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
The clave is a rhythmic pattern used as a tool for temporal organization in Afro-Cuban music.
Claves are a percussion instrument (idiophone), consisting of a pair of short (about, thick dowels. Traditionally they are made of wood, typically rosewood, ebony or grenadilla. In modern times they are also made of fibreglass or plastics. When struck they produce a bright clicking noise. Claves are sometimes hollow and carved in the middle to amplify the sound.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Condé Nast Inc. is an American mass media company founded in 1909 by Condé Montrose Nast, based at One World Trade Center and owned by Advance Publications.
The conga, also known as tumbadora, is a tall, narrow, single-headed drum from Cuba.
Contemporary R&B (also known as simply R&B), is a music genre that combines elements of rhythm and blues, pop, soul, funk, hip hop, and electronic music.
Contradanza (also called contradanza criolla, danza, danza criolla, or habanera) is the Spanish and Spanish-American version of the contradanse, which was an internationally popular style of music and dance in the 18th century, derived from the English country dance and adopted at the court of France.
William James "Count" Basie (August 21, 1904 – April 26, 1984) was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer.
Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.
"Crying in the Chapel" is a song written by Artie Glenn for his son Darrell to sing.
Dancehall is a genre of Jamaican popular music that originated in the late 1970s.
David Louis Bartholomew (born December 24, 1918) is an American musician, bandleader, composer, arranger and record producer, prominent in the music of New Orleans throughout the second half of the 20th century.
Delloreese Patricia Early (July 6, 1931 – November 19, 2017), known professionally as Della Reese, was an American jazz and gospel singer, actress, and ordained minister whose career spanned seven decades.
Disco is a musical style that emerged in the mid 1960s and early 1970s from America's urban nightlife scene, where it originated in house parties and makeshift discothèques, reaching its peak popularity between the mid-1970s and early 1980s.
Don't Knock the Rock is a 1956 American musical film starring Alan Dale.
Doo-wop is a genre of rhythm and blues music that was developed in African-American communities in the East Coast of the United States in the 1940s, achieving mainstream popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s.
A drum kit — also called a drum set, trap set, or simply drums — is a collection of drums and other percussion instruments, typically cymbals, which are set up on stands to be played by a single player, with drumsticks held in both hands, and the feet operating pedals that control the hi-hat cymbal and the beater for the bass drum.
Electric blues refers to any type of blues music distinguished by the use of electric amplification for musical instruments.
An electric guitar is a guitar that uses one or more pickups to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical signals.
Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments and circuitry-based music technology.
Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor.
Eric Patrick Clapton, (born 1945), is an English rock and blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter.
Antoine "Fats" Domino Jr. (February 26, 1928 – October 24, 2017) was an American pianist and singer-songwriter.
Faye Adams (born Fanny Tuell, May 22, 1923) is an American singer who recorded rhythm and blues in the 1950s before retiring from the music business.
A folk club is a regular event, permanent venue, or section of a venue devoted to folk music and traditional music.
Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer, actor, and producer who was one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century.
Franklin Joseph Lymon (September 30, 1942 – February 27, 1968), known professionally as Frankie Lymon, was an American rock and roll/rhythm and blues singer and songwriter, best known as the boy soprano lead singer of the New York City-based early rock and roll group The Teenagers.
Funk is a music genre that originated in African American communities in the mid-1960s when African American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B).
Garage rock (sometimes called 60s punk or garage punk) is a raw and energetic style of rock and roll that flourished in the mid-1960s, most notably in the United States and Canada, and has experienced various revivals in the last several decades.
Georgie Fame (born Clive Powell; 26 June 1943) is an English rhythm and blues and jazz singer and keyboard player.
Gerhard Kubik (born December 10, 1934) is an Austrian music ethnologist from Vienna.
"Good Rocking Tonight" was originally a jump blues song released in 1947 by its writer, Roy Brown and was covered by many recording artists.
Gospel music is a genre of Christian music.
The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African-Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1916 and 1970.
A guajeo (Anglicized pronunciation: wa-hey-yo) is a typical Cuban ostinato melody, most often consisting of arpeggiated chords in syncopated patterns.
Hard rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage, psychedelic and blues rock movements.
The Harlem Hamfats was a Chicago jazz band formed in 1936.
"Hearts of Stone" is an American R&B song.
Hip hop, or hip-hop, is a subculture and art movement developed in the Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
A horn is any of a family of musical instruments made of a tube, usually made of metal and often curved in various ways, with one narrow end into which the musician blows, and a wide end from which sound emerges.
The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop/Rap Songs is a record chart that ranks the most popular R&B and hip hop songs in the United States and is published weekly by Billboard.
"Hound Dog" is a twelve-bar blues song written by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller.
"I Got a Woman" (originally titled "I've Got a Woman") is a song co-written and recorded by American R&B and soul musician Ray Charles.
"I'm a Man" is a rhythm and blues song written and recorded by Bo Diddley in 1955.
"Ida Red" is an American traditional song of unknown origins that was made famous in the upbeat 1938 version by Bob Wills and his Texas Playboys.
Izear Luster "Ike" Turner, Jr. (November 5, 1931 – December 12, 2007) was an American musician, bandleader, songwriter, arranger, talent scout, and record producer.
Jean-Baptiste "Illinois" Jacquet (October 30, 1922 – July 22, 2004) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist, best remembered for his solo on "Flying Home", critically recognized as the first R&B saxophone solo.
Imperial Records is an American record company and label started in 1947 by Lew Chudd and reactivated in 2006 by EMI, which owned the label and back catalogue at the time.
"It's All Over Now" is a song written by Bobby Womack and Shirley Womack.
"Jailhouse Rock" is a song written by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller that first became a hit for Elvis Presley.
James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006) was an American singer, songwriter, dancer, musician, record producer and bandleader.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Geoffrey Arnold Beck (born 24 June 1944) is an English rock guitarist.
Ferdinand Joseph LaMothe (October 20, 1890 – July 10, 1941), known professionally as Jelly Roll Morton, was an American ragtime and early jazz pianist, bandleader and composer who started his career in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Lyricist Jerome "Jerry" Leiber (April 25, 1933 – August 22, 2011) and composer Mike Stoller (born Michael Stoller; March 13, 1933) were American songwriting and record producing partners.
Gerald "Jerry" Wexler (January 10, 1917 – August 15, 2008) was a music journalist-turned music producer, and was one of the main record industry players behind music from the 1950s through the 1980s.
James Patrick Page (born 9 January 1944) is an English musician, songwriter, and record producer who achieved international success as the guitarist and founder of the rock band Led Zeppelin.
James Witherspoon (August 8, 1920 – September 18, 1997) was an American jump blues singer.
John Grayton Dolphin (April 9, 1902–February 1, 1958), also known as Lovin John, was an African-American businessman, independent record label owner, concert promoter and music producer, who established Dolphin's of Hollywood, an influential record store that remained open 24 hours a day.
Johnny Otis (born Ioannis Alexandres Veliotes; December 28, 1921 – January 17, 2012) was an American singer, musician, composer, arranger, bandleader, talent scout, disc jockey, record producer, television show host, artist, author, journalist, minister, and impresario.
Jump blues is an up-tempo style of blues, usually played by small groups and featuring saxophone or brass instruments.
A keyboard instrument is a musical instrument played using a keyboard, a row of levers which are pressed by the fingers.
King Records was an American leading independent record company and label founded in 1943 by Syd Nathan in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Antonio Marquis "L.A." Reid (born June 7, 1956) is an American music executive, musician, songwriter, record producer, author, and former television music competition judge.
LaFace Records was an American record label based in Atlanta, Georgia that operated as a unit of Sony Music Entertainment from 2008 to 2011 and was historically a part of Bertelsmann Music Group from 1989 to 2004.
"Last Night" is an instrumental recorded by The Mar-Keys.
"Lawdy Miss Clawdy" is a rhythm and blues song by New Orleans singer/songwriter Lloyd Price that "grandly introduced The New Orleans Sound".
Leonard Chess (March 12, 1917 – October 16, 1969) was an American record company executive and the co-founder of Chess Records.
Leroy Carr (March 27, 1905 – April 29, 1935) was an American blues singer, songwriter and pianist who developed a laid-back, crooning technique and whose popularity and style influenced such artists as Nat King Cole and Ray Charles.
This is a list of all the musicians and music groups who reached number one on the Billboard R&B singles chart.
Listed here are Billboard magazine's number-one rhythm and blues hits from 1942 to 1959.
This is a list of rhythm and blues (R&B) music artists.
Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), known as Little Richard, is an American musician, songwriter, singer, and actor.
Lloyd Price (born March 9, 1933) is an American R&B vocalist, known as "Mr.
"Long Tall Sally" is a rock and roll 12-bar blues song written by Robert "Bumps" Blackwell, Enotris Johnson, and Little Richard; recorded by Little Richard; and released in March 1956 on the Specialty Records label.
Alonzo "Lonnie" Johnson (February 8, 1899 – June 16, 1970) was an American blues and jazz singer, guitarist, violinist and songwriter.
Louis Thomas Jordan (July 8, 1908 – February 4, 1975) was a pioneering American musician, songwriter and bandleader who was popular from the late 1930s to the early 1950s.
Mambo is a musical genre and dance style that developed originally in Cuba.
Manfred Mann were an English rock band, formed in London in 1962.
Maraca, sometimes called rumba shaker, shac-shac, and various other names, is a rattle which appears in many genres of Caribbean and Latin music.
"Mardi Gras Mambo" is a Mardi Gras-themed song written by Frankie Adams and Lou Welsch.
Mariah Carey (born March 27, 1969 or 1970) is an American singer and songwriter.
The Marquee Club was a music venue first located at 165 Oxford Street, London, England when it opened in 1958 with a range of jazz and skiffle acts.
Mary Jane Blige (born January 11, 1971) is an American singer, songwriter, rapper and actress.
"Maybellene" is one of the first rock and roll songs.
Memphis soul, also known as the Memphis sound, was the most prominent strain of Southern soul.
Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, and dancer.
Mod is a subculture that began in London in 1958 and spread throughout Great Britain and elsewhere, eventually influencing fashions and trends in other countries, and continues today on a smaller scale.
The mod revival was a music genre and subculture that started in England in 1978 and later spread to other countries (to a lesser degree).
"Mona Lisa" is a popular song written by Ray Evans and Jay Livingston for the Paramount Pictures film Captain Carey, U.S.A. (1950).
Motown is an American record company.
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.
Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American jazz pianist and vocalist.
Ned Sublette (born 1951 in Lubbock, Texas) is an American composer, musician, record producer, musicologist, and author.
Neo soul is a genre of popular music.
The New Georgia Encyclopedia (NGE) is a web-based encyclopedia containing over 2,000 articles about the state of Georgia.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
New Orleans Rhythm and Blues is a style of R&B that originated in New Orleans, Louisiana and was most popular between the years of 1948-1955, serving as a precursor to Rock & Roll and strongly influencing Ska.
Otis Ray Redding Jr. (September 9, 1941 – December 10, 1967) was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, arranger, and talent scout.
Paul Leon Gayten (January 29, 1920 – March 26, 1991) was an American R&B bandleader, pianist, songwriter, producer and record company executive.
Paul "Hucklebuck" Williams (July 13, 1915 – September 14, 2002) was an American jazz and blues saxophonist, bandleader, and songwriter.
Peter Green (born Peter Allen Greenbaum, 29 October 1946) is a British blues rock guitarist.
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.
Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
The Pretty Things are an English rock band, formed in 1963 in London.
Prince Rogers Nelson (June 7, 1958 – April 21, 2016) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer and filmmaker.
Henry Byrd redirects here.
Progressive rock (shortened as prog; sometimes called art rock, classical rock or symphonic rock) is a broad genre of rock music that developed in the United Kingdom and United States throughout the mid to late 1960s.
Psychedelic rock is a diverse style of rock music inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centred around perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs.
Pub rock is a rock music genre that was developed in the early to mid-1970s in the United Kingdom.
Robert Sylvester Kelly (born January 8, 1967) is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and former professional basketball player.
Ragtime – also spelled rag-time or rag time – is a musical style that enjoyed its peak popularity between 1895 and 1918.
Ray Charles Robinson (September 23, 1930 – June 10, 2004), known professionally as Ray Charles, was an American singer-songwriter, musician, and composer.
RCA Records (formerly legally traded as the RCA Records Label) is an American record label owned by Sony Music, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America.
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
Religious music (also sacred music) is music performed or composed for religious use or through religious influence.
A shout or ring shout is an ecstatic, transcendent religious ritual, first practiced by African slaves in the West Indies and the United States, in which worshipers move in a circle while shuffling and stomping their feet and clapping their hands.
Robert Franklin Palmer Jr. (June 19, 1945 – November 20, 1997) was an American writer, musicologist, clarinetist, saxophonist, and blues producer.
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950sJim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992),.
Rock Around the Clock is the title of a 1956 musical film that featured Bill Haley and His Comets along with Alan Freed, the Platters, Tony Martinez and His Band and Freddie Bell and His Bellboys.
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, dating back to the early 1950s in the United States, especially the South.
Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture.
Roy James Brown (September 10, 1920 or 1925May 25, 1981) was an American R&B singer, songwriter and musician, who had a significant influence on the early development of rock and roll and the direction of R&B.
Ruth Alston Brown (née Weston, January 12, 1928 – November 17, 2006) was an American singer-songwriter and actress, sometimes known as the "Queen of R&B".
Samuel Cook (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964), known professionally as Sam Cooke, was an American singer, songwriter, and entrepreneur.
"Saturday Night Fish Fry" is a popular song written by Louis Jordan and Ellis Lawrence Walsh, best known through the version recorded by Louis Jordan and His Tympany Five.
Savoy Records is an American record company and label established by Herman Lubinsky in 1942 in Newark, New Jersey.
The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a family of woodwind instruments.
Second line is a tradition in brass band parades in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
"Sh-Boom" (sometimes referred to as "Life Could Be a Dream") is an early doo-wop song.
Shirley Mae Goodman (June 19, 1936 – July 5, 2005) was an American R&B singer, best known as one half of Shirley and Lee, a 1950s duo.
"Shop Around" is a song written by Smokey Robinson and Berry Gordy.
Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, rhythm, and a variety of vocal techniques.
Ska is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s and was the precursor to rocksteady and reggae.
Skiffle is a music genre with jazz, blues, folk and American folk influences, usually using a combination of manufactured and homemade or improvised instruments.
Small Faces were an English rock band from East London.
Smooth jazz is music that evolved from a blend of jazz fusion and easy listening pop music, featuring a polished pop feel with little to no jazz improvisation.
Son cubano is a genre of music and dance that originated in the highlands of eastern Cuba during the late 19th century.
Sonny Thompson (probably August 23, 1916 – August 11, 1989), born Alfonso Thompson or Hezzie Tompson, was an American R&B bandleader and pianist, popular in the 1940s and 1950s.
Soul music (often referred to simply as soul) is a popular music genre that originated in the African American community in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
The phrase Spanish tinge is a reference to an Afro-Latin rhythmic touch that spices up the more conventional rhythms commonly used in jazz and pop music.
Specialty Records was an American record label founded in Los Angeles in 1945 by Art Rupe.
Spirituals (or Negro spirituals) are generally Christian songs that were created by African Americans.
"Stagger Lee", also known as "Stagolee" and other variants, is a popular American folk song about the murder of Billy Lyons by "Stag" Lee Shelton in St. Louis, Missouri at Christmas, 1895.
Stax Records is an American record label, originally based in Memphis, Tennessee.
Stevland Hardaway Morris (né Judkins; born May 13, 1950), known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and multi-instrumentalist.
Sub-Saharan African music traditions exhibit so many common features that they may in some respects be thought of as constituting a single musical system.
Aaron Thibeaux "T-Bone" Walker (May 28, 1910 – March 16, 1975) was an American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist, who was a pioneer and innovator of the jump blues and electric blues sound.
"Teardrops from My Eyes", written by Rudy Toombs, was the first upbeat major hit for Ruth Brown, establishing her as an important figure in rhythm and blues.
The Animals are an English rhythm and blues and rock band, formed in Newcastle upon Tyne in the early 1960s.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The Chords were a 1950s American doo-wop group, whose only hit was "Sh-Boom".
The Clovers are an American rhythm and blues/doo-wop vocal group who became one of the biggest selling acts of the 1950s.
The Creation were an English rock band, formed in 1966.
The Graham Bond Organisation were a British jazz/rhythm and blues group of the early 1960s consisting of Graham Bond (vocals, keyboards, alto-saxophone), Jack Bruce (bass), Ginger Baker (drums), Dick Heckstall-Smith (tenor/soprano saxophone) and John McLaughlin (guitar).
The Hawketts were an American R&B combo from New Orleans, Louisiana who are best known for their 1954 recording of "Mardi Gras Mambo", a song that has become an iconic classic of the New Orleans Carnival celebration.
"The Hucklebuck" (sometimes written "The Huckle-Buck") is a jazz and R&B dance tune first popularized by Paul Williams and His Hucklebuckers in 1949.
The Kinks are an English rock band formed in Muswell Hill, North London, in 1964 by brothers Ray and Dave Davies.
The Mar-Keys, formed in 1958, were an American studio session band for Stax Records, in Memphis, Tennessee, in the 1960s.
The Miracles (also known as Smokey Robinson and the Miracles from 1965 to 1972) were an American rhythm and blues vocal group that was the first successful recording act for Berry Gordy's Motown Records, and one of the most important and influential groups in pop, rock and roll, and R&B music history.
The Moody Blues are an English rock band formed in Birmingham in 1964.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Orioles were a successful and influential American R&B group of the late 1940s and early 1950s, one of the earliest such vocal groups who established the basic pattern for the doo-wop sound.
The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London, England, in 1962.
The Rolling Stones is the debut album by the Rolling Stones, released by Decca Records in the UK on 16 April 1964.
The Spaniels were an American R&B doo-wop group, best known for the hit "Goodnite, Sweetheart, Goodnite".
The Spencer Davis Group are a British beat and R&B band formed in Birmingham in 1963, by Spencer Davis with Steve Winwood and his brother, Muff Winwood.
"The Twist" is an American pop song written and originally released in early 1959 (having been recorded on 11/11/1958) by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters as a B-side to "Teardrops on Your Letter".
The Village Voice is an American news and culture paper, known for being the country's first alternative newsweekly.
The Who are an English rock band formed in 1964.
The Yardbirds are an English rock band, formed in London in 1963.
Them were a Northern Irish band formed in Belfast in April 1964, most prominently known for the garage rock standard "Gloria" and launching singer Van Morrison's musical career.
TLC is an American girl group whose original line-up consisted of Tionne "'''T'''-Boz" Watkins, Lisa "'''L'''eft Eye" Lopes and Rozonda "'''C'''hilli" Thomas.
Toni Michelle Braxton (born October 7, 1967) is an American singer, songwriter, pianist, record producer, actress, television personality, and philanthropist.
Anthony Dominick Benedetto (born August 3, 1926), known professionally as Tony Bennett, is an American singer of traditional pop standards, big band, show tunes, and jazz.
"Too Young" is a popular song.
Trad jazz, short for "traditional jazz", is the Dixieland and ragtime jazz styles of the early 20th century, which typically used a front line of trumpet, clarinet and trombone in contrast to more modern styles which usually include saxophones, and the revival of these styles in mid 20th-century Britain before the emergence of beat music.
Tresillo is a more basic form of the rhythmic figure known as the habanera.
"Tutti Frutti" (meaning "all fruits" in Italian) is a song written by Little Richard along with Dorothy LaBostrie that was recorded in 1955 and became his first major hit record.
Tympany Five was a successful and influential rhythm and blues and jazz dance band founded by Louis Jordan in 1938.
An umbrella term is a word or phrase that covers a wide range of concepts belonging to a common category.
Usher Raymond IV (born October 14, 1978), is an American singer, songwriter and dancer.
Vaporwave is a microgenre of electronic music and an Internet <!--- Multiple sources refer to it as an Internet meme, please discuss on talk before changing ---> meme that emerged in the early 2010s.
Vocal harmony is a style of vocal music in which a consonant note or notes are simultaneously sung as a main melody in a predominantly homophonic texture.
"What a Dream" is a popular song.
Whitney Elizabeth Houston (August 9, 1963 – February 11, 2012) was an American singer and actress.
WKNR (850 AM) – branded ESPN 850 WKNR – is a commercial sports radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland.
Wynonie Harris (August 24, 1915, Omaha, Nebraska – June 14, 1969), was an American blues shouter and rhythm-and-blues singer of upbeat songs, featuring humorous, often ribald lyrics.
Wynton Learson Marsalis (born October 18, 1961) is an American trumpeter, composer, teacher, and artistic director of Jazz at Lincoln Center.
George Bruno "Zoot" Money (born 17 July 1942 in Bournemouth, Hampshire) is an English vocalist, keyboardist and bandleader.
"(The) Rock and Roll Waltz" is a popular song with music by Shorty Allen and lyrics by Roy Alfred in 1955, although the identity of the lyricist is in dispute.
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