245 relations: A Teenager in Love, Adam Faith, African Americans, African-American music, Alan Freed, Alexis Korner, All Music Guide to the Blues, American Bandstand, Amos Milburn, Amplifier, Answer song, Atlantic Records, Baby boomers, Baby Let's Play House, Bass (sound), Beat (music), Beat music, Big Joe Turner, Big Mama Thornton, Bill Flagg, Bill Haley, Bill Haley & His Comets, Billboard (magazine), Billboard Hot 100, Billy Fury, Birmingham, Blackboard Jungle, Blue Suede Shoes, Blues, Bo Diddley, Bo Diddley beat, Bobby Rydell, Bobby Vee, Boogie, Boogie-woogie, British blues, British Invasion, British rhythm and blues, British rock and roll, Buddy Holly, Buffalo, New York, Carl Perkins, Chess Records, Chicago, Chicago blues, Chuck Berry, Civil and political rights, Cleveland, Cliff Richard, Comic book, ..., Compulsory license, Copyright law of the United States, Count Basie, Country music, Cover version, Cyril Davies, David Halberstam, Detroit, Dick Clark, Dion and the Belmonts, Disco, Distortion (music), Drum kit, Duke University Press, Electric blues, Electric guitar, Elvis Presley, Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, Etta James, Expurgation, Fabian Forte, Fats Domino, Folk music, Folsom Prison Blues, Frankie Avalon, Freddie and the Dreamers, Freddie Bell and the Bellboys, Funk, Garage rock, Gene Vincent, Glam rock, Good Rocking Tonight, Goree Carter, Gospel music, Greg Kot, Gretna, Louisiana, Guitar Slim, Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll, Hank Ballard, Hardrock Gunter, Heartbreak Hotel, Heartland rock, Herman's Hermits, Hip hop, Hound Dog (song), House music, Howlin' Wolf, Ike Turner, Jackie Brenston, Jazz, Jerry Lee Lewis, Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, Jim Dawson, Jimmie Rodgers (country singer), Jimmy Preston, Jitterbug, Joe Brown (singer), Joe Hill Louis, Joe Meek, Johnny Cash, Johnny Kidd & the Pirates, Johnny Otis, Juke joint, Jump blues, Keith Richards, Kings of Rhythm, Lawdy Miss Clawdy, Les Paul, List of Cambridge Companions to Music, Little Richard, Liverpool, London, Lonnie Donegan, Manchester, Marty Wilde, Maurie Orodenker, Maybellene, Memphis, Tennessee, Merchantville, New Jersey, Merriam-Webster, Microphone, Midwestern United States, Miller Freeman, Inc., Moon Mullican, Move It, Muddy Waters, Multitrack recording, Music of Africa, Music of Cuba, New York City, Nick Tosches, Novelty and fad dances, Oh Boy! (TV series), Origins of rock and roll, Overtone, Pat Boone, Pat Hare, Payola, Pelican Publishing Company, Pete Johnson, Phil Spector, Phonograph record, Piano, Pop music, Popular music, Power chord, Punk rock, Racial segregation, Rhythm and blues, Ricky Nelson, Ritchie Valens, Robert Johnson, Robert Palmer (writer), Rock Around the Clock, Rock Around the Clock (film), Rock music, Rock the Joint, Rockabilly, Rocker (subculture), Rocket 88, Roll 'Em Pete, Rolling Stone, Roy Brown (blues musician), Sam Phillips, Second Great Migration (African American), Separate but equal, Shake, Rattle and Roll, Shakin' All Over, Singing, Single (music), Sister Rosetta Tharpe, Six-Five Special, Skiffle, Snare drum, Sock hop, Southern rock, St. Louis, Sun Records, Sun Studio, Supreme Court of the United States, Surf music, Swing music, Techno, Teddy Boy, Tempo, That's All Right, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, The Animals, The Beatles, The Big Bopper, The Boswell Sisters, The Clovers, The Coasters, The Crows, The Dave Clark Five, The Day the Music Died, The Del-Vikings, The El Dorados, The Fat Man (song), The Fifties (book), The Great Pretender, The Impalas, The Independent, The Ink Spots, The Mills Brothers, The Mystics, The Orioles, The Penguins, The Platters, The Quarrymen, The Ravens, The Rolling Stones, The Shadows, The Turbans, The Yardbirds, Time (magazine), Tommy Sands (American singer), Tommy Steele, Trad jazz, Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round, Twist (dance), United States, United States Army, Valve amplifier, Vaughn Monroe, Wall of Sound, Wayne Fontana, Wee Willie Harris, West Coast of the United States, Western swing, Willie Johnson (guitarist), World War II, Wynonie Harris, Yakety Yak. Expand index (195 more) » « Shrink index
"A Teenager in Love" is a song written by Doc Pomus and partner Mort Shuman and was originally sung and released by Dion and the Belmonts in March 1959.
Terence Nelhams-Wright (23 June 1940 – 8 March 2003), known as Adam Faith, was a British teen idol, singer, actor and financial journalist.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
African-American music is an umbrella term covering a diverse range of musics and musical genres largely developed by African Americans.
Albert James "Alan" Freed (December 15, 1921 – January 20, 1965) was an American disc jockey.
Alexis Andrew Nicholas Koerner (19 April 1928 – 1 January 1984) was a British blues musician and radio broadcaster, who has sometimes been referred to as "a founding father of British blues".
All Music Guide to the Blues: The Definitive Guide to the Blues is a non-fiction, encyclopedic referencing of blues music compiled under the direction of All Media Guide.
American Bandstand is an American music-performance show that aired in various versions from 1952 to 1989 and was hosted from 1956 until its final season by Dick Clark, who also served as producer.
Joseph Amos Milburn, Jr. (April 1, 1927 – January 3, 1980) was an American rhythm-and-blues singer and pianist, popular in the 1940s and 1950s.
An amplifier, electronic amplifier or (informally) amp is an electronic device that can increase the power of a signal (a time-varying voltage or current).
An answer song, response song or answer record, is, as the name suggests, a song (usually a recorded track) made in answer to a previous song, normally by another artist.
Atlantic Recording Corporation (simply known as Atlantic Records) is an American major record label founded in October 1947 by Ahmet Ertegün and Herb Abramson.
Baby Boomers (also known as Boomers) are the demographic cohort following the Silent Generation and preceding Generation X. There are varying timelines defining the start and the end of this cohort; demographers and researchers typically use birth years starting from the early- to mid-1940s and ending anywhere from 1960 to 1964.
"Baby Let's Play House" is a song written by Arthur Gunter and recorded by him in 1954 on the Excello Records label and covered by Elvis Presley the following year on Sun Records.
Bass describes tones of low (also called "deep") frequency, pitch and range from 16-256 Hz (C0 to middle C4) and bass instruments that produce tones in the low-pitched range C2-C4.
In music and music theory, the beat is the basic unit of time, the pulse (regularly repeating event), of the mensural level (or beat level).
Beat music, British beat, or Merseybeat (after bands from Liverpool and nearby areas beside the River Mersey) is a pop and rock music genre that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1960s.
Joseph Vernon "Big Joe" Turner Jr. (May 18, 1911 – November 24, 1985) was an American blues shouter from Kansas City, Missouri.
Willie Mae "Big Mama" Thornton (December 11, 1926 – July 25, 1984) was an American rhythm-and-blues singer and songwriter.
Bill Flagg (born in 1934) is an American country and rockabilly singer, who was the first to use the term, rockabilly.
William John Clifton Haley (July 6, 1925 – February 9, 1981) was an American rock and roll musician.
Bill Haley & His Comets were an American rock and roll band, founded in 1952 and continued until Haley's death in 1981.
Billboard (styled as billboard) is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries.
The Billboard Hot 100 is the music industry standard record chart in the United States for songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine.
Ronald Wycherley (17 April 1940 – 28 January 1983), better known by his stage name Billy Fury, was an English singer from the late 1950s to the mid 1960s, and remained an active songwriter until the 1980s.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Blackboard Jungle is a 1955 social commentary film about teachers in an inter-racial inner-city school, based on the novel The Blackboard Jungle by Evan Hunter and adapted for the screen and directed by Richard Brooks. It is remembered for its innovative use of rock and roll in its soundtrack and for the unusual breakout role of a black cast member, future Oscar winner and star Sidney Poitier as a rebellious, yet musically talented student. In 2016, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
"Blue Suede Shoes" is a rock-and-roll standard written and first recorded by Carl Perkins in 1955.
Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
Ellas McDaniel (born Ellas Otha Bates, December 30, 1928 – June 2, 2008), known as Bo Diddley, was an American singer, guitarist, songwriter and music producer who played a key role in the transition from the blues to rock and roll.
The Bo Diddley beat is a syncopated musical rhythm that is widely used in rock and roll and pop music.
Bobby Rydell (born Robert Louis Ridarelli; April 26, 1942) is an American professional singer, mainly of rock and roll music.
Robert Thomas Velline (April 30, 1943 – October 24, 2016), known professionally as Bobby Vee, was an American singer, songwriter and musician who was a teen idol in the early 1960s and also appeared in films.
Boogie is a repetitive, swung note or shuffle rhythm,Burrows, Terry (1995).
Boogie-woogie is a musical genre that became popular during the late 1920s, but developed in African-American communities in the 1870s.
British blues is a form of music derived from American blues that originated in the late 1950s and which reached its height of mainstream popularity in the 1960s, when it developed a distinctive and influential style dominated by electric guitar and made international stars of several proponents of the genre including The Rolling Stones, The Animals, Eric Clapton, Fleetwood Mac and Led Zeppelin.
The British Invasion was a cultural phenomenon of the mid-1960s when rock and pop music acts from the United Kingdom and other aspects of British culture, became popular in the United States and significant to rising "counterculture" on both sides of the Atlantic.
British rhythm and blues (or R&B) was a musical movement that developed in the United Kingdom between the late 1950s and the early 1960s, and reached a peak in the mid-1960s.
British rock and roll, or sometimes British rock 'n' roll, is a style of popular music based on American rock and roll, which emerged in the late 1950s and was popular until the arrival of beat music in 1962.
Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 – February 3, 1959), known as Buddy Holly, was an American musician, singer-songwriter and record producer who was a central and pioneering figure of mid-1950s rock and roll.
Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.
Carl Lee Perkins (April 9, 1932 – January 19, 1998)Pareles. was an American singer-songwriter who recorded most notably at the Sun Studio, in Memphis, beginning in 1954.
Chess Records was an American record company, founded in 1950 in Chicago and specializing in blues and rhythm and blues.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The Chicago blues is a form of blues music indigenous to Chicago, Illinois.
Charles Edward Anderson Berry (October 18, 1926 – March 18, 2017) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
Sir Cliff Richard, (born Harry Rodger Webb, 14 October 1940) is a British pop singer, musician, performer, actor and philanthropist.
A comic book or comicbook, also called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes.
A compulsory license provides that the owner of a patent or copyright licenses the use of their rights against payment either set by law or determined through some form of adjudication or arbitration.
The copyright law of the United States is intended to encourage the creation of art and culture by rewarding authors and artists with a set of exclusive rights.
William James "Count" Basie (August 21, 1904 – April 26, 1984) was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer.
Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.
In popular music, a cover version, cover song, or simply cover, is a new performance or recording by someone other than the original artist or composer of a previously recorded, commercially released song.
Cyril Davies (23 January 1932 – 7 January 1964) was an English blues musician, and one of the first blues harmonica players in England.
David Halberstam (April 10, 1934April 23, 2007) was an American journalist and historian, known for his work on the Vietnam War, politics, history, the Civil Rights Movement, business, media, American culture, and later, sports journalism.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Richard Wagstaff Clark (November 30, 1929 – April 18, 2012) was an American radio and television personality, television producer and film actor, as well as a cultural icon who remains best known for hosting American Bandstand from 1957 to 1987.
Dion and the Belmonts were a leading American vocal group of the late 1950s.
Disco is a musical style that emerged in the mid 1960s and early 1970s from America's urban nightlife scene, where it originated in house parties and makeshift discothèques, reaching its peak popularity between the mid-1970s and early 1980s.
Distortion and overdrive are forms of audio signal processing used to alter the sound of amplified electric musical instruments, usually by increasing their gain, producing a "fuzzy", "growling", or "gritty" tone.
A drum kit — also called a drum set, trap set, or simply drums — is a collection of drums and other percussion instruments, typically cymbals, which are set up on stands to be played by a single player, with drumsticks held in both hands, and the feet operating pedals that control the hi-hat cymbal and the beater for the bass drum.
Duke University Press is an academic publisher of books and journals, and a unit of Duke University.
Electric blues refers to any type of blues music distinguished by the use of electric amplification for musical instruments.
An electric guitar is a guitar that uses one or more pickups to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical signals.
Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Encyclopædia Britannica Online is the website of Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. and its Encyclopædia Britannica, with more than 120,000 articles that are updated regularly.
Etta James (born Jamesetta Hawkins; January 25, 1938 – January 20, 2012) was an American singer who performed in various genres, including blues, R&B, soul, rock and roll, jazz and gospel.
Expurgation, also known as bowdlerization, is a form of censorship which involves purging anything deemed noxious or offensive from an artistic work, or other type of writing of media.
Fabiano Anthony Forte (born February 6, 1943), professionally known as Fabian, is an American singer and actor.
Antoine "Fats" Domino Jr. (February 26, 1928 – October 24, 2017) was an American pianist and singer-songwriter.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
"Folsom Prison Blues" is a song written in 1953 and first recorded in 1955 by American singer-songwriter Johnny Cash.
Frankie Avalon (born Francis Thomas Avallone; September 18, 1940) is an Italian-American actor, singer, and former teen idol.
Freddie and the Dreamers were a British band that had a number of hit records between May 1963 and November 1965.
Freddie Bell and the Bellboys were an American vocal group, influential in the development of rock and roll in the 1950s.
Funk is a music genre that originated in African American communities in the mid-1960s when African American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B).
Garage rock (sometimes called 60s punk or garage punk) is a raw and energetic style of rock and roll that flourished in the mid-1960s, most notably in the United States and Canada, and has experienced various revivals in the last several decades.
Vincent Eugene Craddock (February 11, 1935 – October 12, 1971), known as Gene Vincent, was an American musician who pioneered the styles of rock and roll and rockabilly.
Glam rock is a style of rock that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s performed by musicians who wore outrageous costumes, makeup, and hairstyles, particularly platform shoes and glitter.
"Good Rocking Tonight" was originally a jump blues song released in 1947 by its writer, Roy Brown and was covered by many recording artists.
Goree Chester Carter or Christer Carter (December 31, 1930 – December 29, 1990), known as Goree Carter, was an American singer, guitarist, drummer, songwriter and soldier.
Gospel music is a genre of Christian music.
Greg Kot (born March 3, 1957) is an American writer, author and journalist.
Gretna is the second-largest city and parish seat of Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States.
Eddie Jones (December 10, 1926 – February 7, 1959), better known as Guitar Slim, was a New Orleans blues guitarist in the 1940s and 1950s, best known for the million-selling song "The Things That I Used to Do", produced by Johnny Vincent for Specialty Records.
Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll is a 1987 documentary film directed by Taylor Hackford that chronicles two 1986 concerts celebrating rock and roll musician Chuck Berry's 60th birthday.
Hank Ballard (born John Henry Kendricks; November 18, 1927 – March 2, 2003) was a rhythm and blues singer and songwriter, the lead vocalist of Hank Ballard and the Midnighters and one of the first rock and roll artists to emerge in the early 1950s.
Sidney Louie Gunter Jr. (27 February 1925 – 15 March 2013), known as Hardrock Gunter, was a singer, songwriter and guitarist whose music at the turn of the 1950s prefigured rock and roll and rockabilly music.
"Heartbreak Hotel" is a song recorded by American singer Elvis Presley.
Heartland rock is a genre of rock music that is exemplified by singer-songwriters Tom Petty, Bob Seger, Bruce Springsteen and John Mellencamp.
Herman's Hermits are an English beat rock band, formed in Manchester in 1964.
Hip hop, or hip-hop, is a subculture and art movement developed in the Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s.
"Hound Dog" is a twelve-bar blues song written by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller.
House music is a genre of electronic dance music created by club DJs and music producers in Chicago in the early 1980s.
Chester Arthur Burnett (June 10, 1910 – January 10, 1976), known as Howlin' Wolf, was a Chicago blues singer, guitarist, and harmonica player, originally from Mississippi.
Izear Luster "Ike" Turner, Jr. (November 5, 1931 – December 12, 2007) was an American musician, bandleader, songwriter, arranger, talent scout, and record producer.
Jackie Brenston (August 24, 1928 or 1930Most published sources and the U.S. Social Security Death Index give 1930 as his year of birth. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and reportedly his gravestone give 1928. – December 15, 1979) was an American R&B singer and saxophonist, who recorded, with Ike Turner's band, the first version of the pioneering rock-and-roll song "Rocket 88".
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jerry Lee Lewis (born September 29, 1935) is an American singer-songwriter, musician, and pianist, often known by his nickname, The Killer.
Lyricist Jerome "Jerry" Leiber (April 25, 1933 – August 22, 2011) and composer Mike Stoller (born Michael Stoller; March 13, 1933) were American songwriting and record producing partners.
Jim Dawson (born September 10, 1944) is a Hollywood, California-based author who has specialized in American pop culture (especially early rock and roll) and the history of flatulence.
James Charles Rodgers (September 8, 1897 – May 26, 1933), professionally Jimmie Rodgers, was an American country, blues and folk singer, songwriter and musician in the early 20th century, known most widely for his rhythmic yodeling.
James Alfred Smith Preston (August 18, 1913 – December 17, 1984), known as Jimmy Preston, was an American R&B bandleader, alto saxophonist, drummer and singer who made an important contribution to early rock and roll.
The jitterbug is a kind of dance popularized in the United States in the early 20th century, and is associated with various types of swing dances such as the Lindy Hop, jive, and East Coast Swing.
Joseph Roger Brown, MBE (born 13 May 1941) is an English entertainer.
Joe Hill Louis (September 23, 1921 – August 5, 1957), born Lester Hill, was an American singer, guitarist, harmonica player and one-man band.
Robert George "Joe" Meek (5 April 1929 – 3 February 1967) was an English record producer, sound engineer and songwriter who pioneered space age and experimental pop music.
John R. Cash (born J. R. Cash; February 26, 1932 – September 12, 2003) was an American singer-songwriter, guitarist, actor, and author.
Johnny Kidd & the Pirates were an English rock and roll group led by singer/songwriter Johnny Kidd.
Johnny Otis (born Ioannis Alexandres Veliotes; December 28, 1921 – January 17, 2012) was an American singer, musician, composer, arranger, bandleader, talent scout, disc jockey, record producer, television show host, artist, author, journalist, minister, and impresario.
Juke joint (or jook joint) is the vernacular term for an informal establishment featuring music, dancing, gambling, and drinking, primarily operated by African Americans in the southeastern United States.
Jump blues is an up-tempo style of blues, usually played by small groups and featuring saxophone or brass instruments.
Keith Richards (born 18 December 1943) is an English musician and songwriter, best known as a guitarist and founder member of the Rolling Stones.
The Kings of Rhythm are an American Rhythm and blues and Soul group formed in the late 1940s in Clarksdale, Mississippi and led by Ike Turner through to his death in 2007.
"Lawdy Miss Clawdy" is a rhythm and blues song by New Orleans singer/songwriter Lloyd Price that "grandly introduced The New Orleans Sound".
Lester William Polsfuss (June 9, 1915 – August 12, 2009), known as Les Paul, was an American jazz, country, and blues guitarist, songwriter, luthier, and inventor.
The Cambridge Companions to Music form a book series published by Cambridge University Press.
Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), known as Little Richard, is an American musician, songwriter, singer, and actor.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Anthony James Donegan (29 April 1931 – 3 November 2002), known as Lonnie Donegan, was a British skiffle singer, songwriter and musician, referred to as the "King of Skiffle", who influenced 1960s British pop musicians.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Marty Wilde, (born Reginald Leonard Smith; 15 April 1939) is an English singer and songwriter.
Maurie Orodenker (né Maurice, or Morris, Harry Orodenker; 21 December 1908 Philadelphia – 8 October 1993 Philadelphia) was an American journalist, music critic and advertising agency executive.
"Maybellene" is one of the first rock and roll songs.
Memphis is a city located along the Mississippi River in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Merchantville is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
Miller Freeman, Inc., was a San Francisco-based publisher of trade books and business magazines, as well as a manager of trade and industry expositions.
Aubrey Wilson Mullican (March 29, 1909 – January 1, 1967), known as Moon Mullican and "King of the Hillbilly Piano Players", was an American country and western singer, songwriter, and pianist.
"Move It" is a song written by Ian Samwell and recorded by Cliff Richard and the Drifters (the UK band that would later become "The Shadows").
McKinley Morganfield (April 4, 1913April 30, 1983), known professionally as Muddy Waters, was an American blues musician who is often cited as the "father of modern Chicago blues".
Multitrack recording (MTR)—also known as multitracking, double tracking, or tracking—is a method of sound recording developed in 1955 that allows for the separate recording of multiple sound sources or of sound sources recorded at different times to create a cohesive whole.
The traditional music of Africa, given the vastness of the continent, is historically ancient, rich and diverse, with different regions and nations of Africa having many distinct musical traditions.
The music of Cuba, including its instruments, performance and dance, comprises a large set of unique traditions influenced mostly by west African and European (especially Spanish) music.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nick Tosches (born October 17 or 23, 1949) is an American journalist, novelist, biographer, and poet.
Fad dances are dances which are characterized by a short burst of popularity, while novelty dances typically have a longer-lasting popularity based on their being characteristically humorous or humor-invoking, as well as the sense of uniqueness which they have.
Oh Boy! was the first teenage all-music show on British TV airing in 1958 and 1959.
Rock and roll emerged as a defined musical style in the United States in the early to mid-1950s.
An overtone is any frequency greater than the fundamental frequency of a sound.
Charles Eugene "Pat" Boone (born June 1, 1934) is an American singer, composer, actor, writer, television personality, motivational speaker, and spokesman.
Auburn "Pat" Hare (December 20, 1930 – September 26, 1980) was an American Memphis electric blues guitarist and singer.
Payola, in the music industry, is the illegal practice of payment or other inducement by record companies for the broadcast of recordings on commercial radio in which the song is presented as being part of the normal day's broadcast, without announcing this prior to broadcast.
Pelican Publishing Company is a book publisher based in Gretna, a suburb of New Orleans.
Pete Johnson (born Kermit H. Johnson, March 25, 1904 – March 23, 1967) was an American boogie-woogie and jazz pianist.
Phillip Harvey Spector (born Harvey Phillip Spector, December 26, 1939) is an American record producer, musician, and songwriter who developed the Wall of Sound, a music production formula he described as a "Wagnerian" approach to rock and roll.
A phonograph record (also known as a gramophone record, especially in British English, or record) is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove.
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.
Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
In guitar music, especially electric guitar, a power chord (also fifth chord) is a colloquial name for a chord that consists of the root note and the fifth.
Punk rock (or "punk") is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.
Racial segregation is the separation of people into racial or other ethnic groups in daily life.
Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.
Eric Hilliard Nelson (May 8, 1940 – December 31, 1985) was an American rock and roll star, musician, and singer-songwriter.
Richard Steven Valenzuela (May 13, 1941 – February 3, 1959), known professionally as Ritchie Valens, was an American singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
Robert Leroy Johnson (May 8, 1911August 16, 1938) was an American blues singer-songwriter and musician.
Robert Franklin Palmer Jr. (June 19, 1945 – November 20, 1997) was an American writer, musicologist, clarinetist, saxophonist, and blues producer.
"Rock Around the Clock" is a rock and roll song in the 12-bar blues format written by Max C. Freedman and James E. Myers (the latter being under the pseudonym "Jimmy De Knight") in 1952.
Rock Around the Clock is the title of a 1956 musical film that featured Bill Haley and His Comets along with Alan Freed, the Platters, Tony Martinez and His Band and Freddie Bell and His Bellboys.
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
"Rock the Joint", also known as "We're Gonna Rock This Joint Tonight", is a boogie song recorded by various proto-rock and roll singers, notably Jimmy Preston and early rock and roll singers, most notably Bill Haley.
Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, dating back to the early 1950s in the United States, especially the South.
Rockers, leather boys, Ton-up boys,14 February 1961, The Daily Express (London) and possibly café racers are members of a biker subculture that originated in the United Kingdom during the 1950s.
"Rocket 88" (originally written as Rocket "88") is a rhythm and blues song that was first recorded in Memphis, Tennessee, on March 3 or 5, 1951 (accounts differ).
"Roll 'Em Pete" is a rhythm and blues song, originally recorded in December 1938 by Big Joe Turner and pianist Pete Johnson.
Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture.
Roy James Brown (September 10, 1920 or 1925May 25, 1981) was an American R&B singer, songwriter and musician, who had a significant influence on the early development of rock and roll and the direction of R&B.
Samuel Cornelius Phillips (January 5, 1923 – July 30, 2003) was an American record producer who played an important role in the development of rock and roll during the 1950s.
In the context of the 20th-century history of the United States, the Second Great Migration was the migration of more than 5 million African Americans from the South to the North, Midwest and West.
Separate but equal was a legal doctrine in United States constitutional law according to which racial segregation did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, adopted during the Reconstruction Era, which guaranteed "equal protection" under the law to all citizens.
"Shake, Rattle and Roll" is a twelve bar blues-form song, written in 1954 by Jesse Stone under his songwriting pseudonym of Charles E. Calhoun.
"Shakin' All Over" is a song originally performed by Johnny Kidd & the Pirates.
Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, rhythm, and a variety of vocal techniques.
In music, a single, record single or music single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record, an album or an EP record.
Sister Rosetta Tharpe (March 20, 1915 – October 9, 1973) was an American singer, songwriter, guitarist, and recording artist.
The Six-Five Special was a British television programme launched in February 1957 when both television and rock and roll were in their infancy in Britain.
Skiffle is a music genre with jazz, blues, folk and American folk influences, usually using a combination of manufactured and homemade or improvised instruments.
A snare drum or side drum is a percussion instrument that produces a sharp staccato sound when the head is struck with a drum stick, due to the use of a series of stiff wires held under tension against the lower skin.
A sock hop or sox hop, often also called a record hop or just a hop, was an informal sponsored dance event for teenagers in mid-20th-century North America, featuring popular music.
Southern rock is a subgenre of rock music and a genre of Americana.
Sun Records is an American independent record label founded by Sam Phillips in Memphis, Tennessee in 1950.
Sun Studio is a recording studio opened by rock-and-roll pioneer Sam Phillips at 706 Union Avenue in Memphis, Tennessee, on January 3, 1950.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Surf music is a subgenre of rock music associated with surf culture, particularly as found in Southern California.
Swing music, or simply swing, is a form of popular music developed in the United States that dominated in the 1930s and 1940s.
Techno is a form of electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan, in the United States during the mid-to-late 1980s.
Teddy Boy (also known as Ted) is a British subculture typified by young men wearing clothes that were partly inspired by the styles worn by dandies in the Edwardian period, which Savile Row tailors had attempted to re-introduce in Britain after the Second World War.
In musical terminology, tempo ("time" in Italian; plural: tempi) is the speed or pace of a given piece.
"That's All Right" is a song written and originally performed by blues singer Arthur Crudup.
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (AHD) is an American dictionary of English published by Boston publisher Houghton Mifflin, the first edition of which appeared in 1969.
The Animals are an English rhythm and blues and rock band, formed in Newcastle upon Tyne in the early 1960s.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
Jiles Perry "J.
The Boswell Sisters were a close harmony singing group, consisting of sisters Martha Boswell Lloyd (June 9, 1905 – July 2, 1958), Connee Boswell (original name Connie, December 3, 1907 – October 11, 1976), and Helvetia "Vet" Boswell (May 20, 1911 – November 12, 1988), noted for intricate harmonies and rhythmic experimentation.
The Clovers are an American rhythm and blues/doo-wop vocal group who became one of the biggest selling acts of the 1950s.
The Coasters are an American rhythm and blues/rock and roll vocal group who had a string of hits in the late 1950s.
The Crows were an American R & B singing group who achieved commercial success in the 1950s.
The Dave Clark Five were an English pop rock band formed in Tottenham in 1957.
On February 3, 1959, American rock and roll musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and J. P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson were killed in a plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa, together with pilot Roger Peterson.
The Del-Vikings (also known as The Dell-Vikings) are an American doo-wop musical group, who recorded several hit singles in the 1950s, and continued to record and tour with various lineups in later decades.
The El Dorados were an American doo-wop group, who achieved their greatest success with the song "At My Front Door", a no.
"The Fat Man" is a song by American rhythm and blues recording artist Fats Domino.
The Fifties (1993) is a historical account by David Halberstam about the decade of the 1950s in the United States.
"The Great Pretender" is a popular song recorded by The Platters, with Tony Williams on lead vocals, and released as a single on November 3, 1955.
The Impalas were an American doo-wop group in the late 1950s, best known for their hit, "Sorry (I Ran All the Way Home)".
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Ink Spots were an American pop vocal group who gained international fame in the 1930s and 1940s.
The Mills Brothers, sometimes billed the Four Mills Brothers, and originally known as the Four Kings of Harmony, were an African-American jazz and pop vocal quartet who made more than 2,000 recordings that sold more than 50 million copies and garnered at least three dozen gold records.
The Mystics are an American rock and roll group that began in Brooklyn, New York, in the late 1950s.
The Orioles were a successful and influential American R&B group of the late 1940s and early 1950s, one of the earliest such vocal groups who established the basic pattern for the doo-wop sound.
The Penguins were an American doo-wop group of the 1950s and early 1960s, best remembered for their only Top 40 hit, "Earth Angel", which was one of the first rhythm and blues hits to cross over to the pop charts.
The Platters is an American vocal group formed in 1952.
The Quarrymen (also written as "the Quarry Men") are a British skiffle/rock and roll group, formed by John Lennon in Liverpool in 1956, which eventually evolved into the Beatles in 1960.
The Ravens were an American R&B vocal group, formed in 1946 by Jimmy Ricks and Warren Suttles.
The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London, England, in 1962.
The Shadows (originally known as The Drifters) were an English instrumental rock group, and were Cliff Richard's backing band from 1958 to 1968, having also collaborated again on numerous reunion tours.
The Turbans were an African American doo-wop vocal group that formed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1953.
The Yardbirds are an English rock band, formed in London in 1963.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Thomas Adrian "Tommy" Sands (born August 27, 1937) is an American pop music singer and actor.
Tommy Steele, (born Thomas Hicks, 17 December 1936) is an English entertainer, regarded as Britain's first teen idol and rock and roll star.
Trad jazz, short for "traditional jazz", is the Dixieland and ragtime jazz styles of the early 20th century, which typically used a front line of trumpet, clarinet and trombone in contrast to more modern styles which usually include saxophones, and the revival of these styles in mid 20th-century Britain before the emergence of beat music.
Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round is a 1934 American drama film with musical and comedic elements, directed by Benjamin Stoloff.
The twist is a dance that was inspired by rock and roll music.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
A valve amplifier or tube amplifier is a type of electronic amplifier that uses vacuum tubes to increase the amplitude or power of a signal.
Vaughn Wilton Monroe (October 7, 1911 – May 21, 1973) was an American baritone singer, trumpeter, big band leader, actor, and businessman, most popular in the 1940s and 1950s.
The Wall of Sound (also called the Spector Sound) is a music production formula developed by American record producer Phil Spector at Gold Star Studios in the 1960s, with assistance from engineer Larry Levine and the session musician conglomerate later known as "the Wrecking Crew".
Wayne Fontana (born Glyn Geoffrey Ellis, 28 October 1945) is an English rock and pop singer, best known for the 1965 hit "Game of Love" with the Mindbenders.
Wee Willie Harris (born Charles William Harris, 25 March 1933, Bermondsey, London) is an English rock and roll singer.
The West Coast or Pacific Coast is the coastline along which the contiguous Western United States meets the North Pacific Ocean.
Western swing music is a subgenre of American country music that originated in the late 1920s in the West and South among the region's Western string bands.
Willie Johnson (March 4, 1923 – February 26, 1995) was an American electric blues guitarist.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wynonie Harris (August 24, 1915, Omaha, Nebraska – June 14, 1969), was an American blues shouter and rhythm-and-blues singer of upbeat songs, featuring humorous, often ribald lyrics.
"Yakety Yak" is a song written, produced, and arranged by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller for The Coasters and released on Atlantic Records in 1958, spending seven weeks as #1 on the R&B charts and a week as number one on the Top 100 pop list.
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