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Thank You 4 Your Service, WERD (historic radio station), Wesleyan University Press, West Coast hip hop, What's My Name? (Snoop Doggy Dogg song), Whodini, Wild Style, Wild Thing (Tone Lōc song), Wiley (musician), WLAC, Wonky (genre), Word...Life, Wu-Tang Clan, WYLL, XXXTentacion, Yeezus, Yellow Magic Orchestra, Ying Yang Twins, Young Thug, Yugoslavia, Yung Joc, Yung Lean, Zionism, 12-inch single, 2 Chainz, 2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted, 3 Years, 5 Months and 2 Days in the Life Of..., 3rd Bass, 46th Annual Grammy Awards, 50 Cent, 59th Annual Grammy Awards, 6 in the Mornin', 6ix9ine, 7/11 (song), 808s & Heartbreak. Expand index (771 more) » « Shrink index
A cappella (Italian for "in the manner of the chapel") music is specifically group or solo singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way.
A Tribe Called Quest was an American hip-hop collective formed in 1985 and originally composed of MC and main producer Q-Tip,.
Accompaniment is the musical part which provides the rhythmic and/or harmonic support for the melody or main themes of a song or instrumental piece.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Adult Swim (stylized as and often shortened to) is the adult-oriented nighttime programming block of the American children's cable network Cartoon Network and programmed by William Street Productions.
Ian Matthias Bavitz, better known by his stage name Aesop Rock, is an American hip hop recording artist and producer residing in Portland, Oregon.
The African American Review (AAR) is a scholarly aggregation of essays on African-American literature, theatre, film, the visual arts, and culture; interviews; poetry; fiction; and book reviews.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
African-American music is an umbrella term covering a diverse range of musics and musical genres largely developed by African Americans.
Afrika Bambaataa (born Lance Taylor; April 17, 1957) is an American disc jockey, singer, songwriter and producer from the South Bronx, New York.
Afro-Brazilians (afro-brasileiros) are Brazilian people who have African ancestry.
Afrobeat, also known as afrofunk, is a music genre which developed in the 1970s when African musicians began combining elements of West African musical styles such as jùjú music and highlife with American funk and jazz influences, with a focus on chanted vocals, complex intersecting rhythms, and percussion.
Afrocentrism (also Afrocentricity) is an approach to the study of world history that focuses on the history of people of recent African descent.
Akai (アカイ) is a consumer electronics brand name.
The Akai MPC (originally MIDI Production Center, now Music Production Controller) is an integrated digital sampling drum machine and MIDI sequencer designed by Roger Linn and produced by Akai from 1988 onwards.
Arthur Bernard Leaner (June 30, 1908 – September 6, 1978), who was known professionally as Al Benson, was an American radio DJ, music promoter and record label owner in Chicago between the 1940s and 1960s.
For the film see Alamar (film) Alamar, also named Alamar-Playa, is a district in east part of the city of La Habana in Cuba, part of the municipio of Habana del Este.
All Eyez on Me is the fourth studio album by American rapper 2Pac (and the last to be released during his lifetime), released on February 13, 1996 by Death Row and Interscope Records.
AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide or AMG) is an online music guide.
Alternative hip hop (also known as alternative rap) is a subgenre of hip hop music that encompasses the wide range of styles of hip hop that are not typically identified as mainstream.
American popular music has had a profound effect on music across the world.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Angela "Angie" Martinez (born January 9, 1971) is an American radio personality, rapper, and actress of Puerto Rican, Cuban and Dominican heritage.
Angie Stone (born Angela Laverne Brown; December 18, 1961) is an American recording artist, producer, and actress.
Richard David James (born 18 August 1971), best known by his main alias Aphex Twin, is an Irish-born Cornish electronic musician best known for his influential and idiosyncratic work in styles such as ambient techno and IDM during the 1990s.
Apple Music is a music and video streaming service developed by Apple Inc. Users select music to stream to their device on-demand, or they can listen to existing, curated playlists.
Arabesque or Arabesk (Arabesk) is a term created by Turkish musicologists for an Arabic style of music created in Turkey.
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American actor, filmmaker, businessman, investor, author, philanthropist, activist, politician, and former professional bodybuilder and powerlifter.
Arrested Development is an American hip hop group that formed in Atlanta in 1988.
Arsonists are an underground hip hop group.
Arthur "Art" Blakey (October 11, 1919 – October 16, 1990) was an American jazz drummer and bandleader.
Arthur Baker (born April 22, 1955) is an American record producer and DJ best known for his work with hip hop artists like Afrika Bambaataa, Planet Patrol, and the British group New Order.
Articolo 31 was a band from Milan, Italy, formed in 1990 by J-Ax and DJ Jad, combining hip hop, funk, pop and traditional Italian musical forms.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
Although the music scene of Atlanta is rich and varied, the city's production of hip-hop music has been especially noteworthy, acclaimed, and commercially successful.
ATLiens is the second studio album by American hip hop duo Outkast.
Australian hip hop traces its origins to the early 1980s and is largely inspired by hip hop and other predominantly African-American musical genres from the United States.
Azad Azadpour (born November 24, 1973 in Sanandaj (Kurdistan Province of Iran) is a German rapper of Kurdish descent based in Frankfurt am Main.
Louis Freese (born June 2, 1970), better known by his stage name B-Real, is an American rapper and actor.
Bobby Ray Simmons Jr. (born November 15, 1988), known professionally as B.o.B, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, and record producer from Decatur, Georgia.
B.U.G. Mafia (an abbreviation for "Bucharest Underground Mafia"), is a Romanian hip hop group from Pantelimon, Bucharest, widely regarded as one of the seminal acts of gangsta rap in Romania.
Bad Balance is a Russian rap group considered to be one of the first rap acts in USSR.
Bad Boy Records (also known as Bad Boy Entertainment) is an American record label founded in 1993 by Sean Combs.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
Baltimore club, also called Bmore club, Bmore house or simply Bmore, is a breakbeat genre.
Bass describes tones of low (also called "deep") frequency, pitch and range from 16-256 Hz (C0 to middle C4) and bass instruments that produce tones in the low-pitched range C2-C4.
A bass drum, or kick drum, is a large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch.
A bassline (also known as a bass line or bass part) is the term used in many styles of music, such as jazz, blues, funk, dub and electronic, traditional music, or classical music for the low-pitched instrumental part or line played (in jazz and some forms of popular music) by a rhythm section instrument such as the electric bass, double bass, cello, tuba or keyboard (piano, Hammond organ, electric organ, or synthesizer).
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Beale Street is a street in Downtown Memphis, Tennessee, which runs from the Mississippi River to East Street, a distance of approximately.
The Beastie Boys were an American rap rock band from New York City, formed in 1979.
In music and music theory, the beat is the basic unit of time, the pulse (regularly repeating event), of the mensural level (or beat level).
Beat juggling is the act of manipulating two or more samples (e.g. drum beats, or vocal phrases), in order to create a unique composition, using multiple turntables and one or more mixers.
Beat Street is a 1984 American drama dance film featuring New York City hip hop culture of the early 1980s, breakdancing, DJ-ing and graffiti.
Beatboxing (also beat boxing or b-boxing) is a form of vocal percussion primarily involving the art of mimicking drum machines (typically a TR-808), using one's mouth, lips, tongue, and voice.
Beatmatching or pitch cue is a disc jockey technique of pitch shifting or timestretching an upcoming track to match its tempo to that of the currently playing track, and to adjust them such that the beats (and, usually, the bars) are synchronised — i.e., the kicks and snares in two house records hit at the same time when both records are played simultaneously.
Bebop or bop is a style of jazz developed in the early to mid-1940s in the United States, which features songs characterized by a fast tempo, complex chord progressions with rapid chord changes and numerous changes of key, instrumental virtuosity, and improvisation based on a combination of harmonic structure, the use of scales and occasional references to the melody.
Belo Horizonte ("Beautiful Horizon") is the sixth-largest city in Brazil, the thirteenth-largest in South America and the eighteenth-largest in the Americas.
The Benelux Union (Benelux Unie; Union Benelux) is a politico-economic union of three neighbouring states in western Europe: Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
Beogradski Sindikat (Serbian Cyrillic: Београдски Синдикат, English: Belgrade Syndicate) is a Serbian hip-hop collective from Belgrade, Serbia.
"Best I Ever Had" is a song recorded by Canadian rapper Drake for his first EP So Far Gone.
Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter (born September 4, 1981) is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, actress, and businesswoman.
Big beat is an electronic music genre that usually uses heavy breakbeats and synthesizer-generated loops and patterns – common to acid house/techno.
Antonio Hardy (born September 10, 1968), better known by his stage name Big Daddy Kane, is a Grammy Award-winning American rapper and actor who started his career in 1986 as a member of the rap collective the Juice Crew.
Lamont Coleman (May 30, 1974 – February 15, 1999), better known by his stage name Big L, was an American rapper.
Christopher Lee Rios (November 10, 1971 – February 7, 2000), better known by his stage name Big Pun (short for Big Punisher), was an American rapper.
Manley Augustus Buchanan (born 19 April 1949, Trenchtown, Kingston, Jamaica),Thompson, Dave (2002) "Reggae & Caribbean Music", Backbeat Books, better known as Big Youth (sometimes called Jah Youth), is a Jamaican deejay, mostly known for his work during the 1970s.
Bill Adler is an American music journalist and critic who specializes in hip-hop.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Billboard (styled as billboard) is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries.
The Billboard 200 is a record chart ranking the 200 most popular music albums and EPs in the United States.
The Billboard charts tabulate the relative weekly popularity of singles or albums in the United States and elsewhere.
The Billboard Hot 100 is the music industry standard record chart in the United States for songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine.
Black British are British citizens of Black origins or heritage, including those of African-Caribbean (sometimes called "Afro-Caribbean") background, and may include people with mixed ancestry.
Black Noise is a hip-hop crew hailing from the Cape Flats in Cape Town, South Africa, which gained street popularity, primarily after the group chose to reach out to Cape Flats youth with the inclusion of members from Mitchell's Plain.
Black Sheep was a hip hop duo from Queens, New York, composed of Andres "Dres" Vargas Titus and William "Mista Lawnge" McLean.
Tariq Luqmaan Trotter (born October 3, 1971), better known as Black Thought, is an American rapper and the lead MC of the Philadelphia-based hip hop group The Roots, as well as an occasional actor.
Before the development of the radio format called "Top 40" was born, "Black Appeal Stations" reinvigorated radio.
Blackalicious is an American hip-hop duo from Sacramento, California, made up of rapper Gift of Gab and DJ/producer Chief Xcel.
A block party or street party is a crowded party in which many members of a single community congregate, either to observe an event of some importance or simply for mutual enjoyment.
A blog (a truncation of the expression "weblog") is a discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web consisting of discrete, often informal diary-style text entries ("posts").
Blondie is an American rock band founded by singer Debbie Harry and guitarist Chris Stein.
Clarence Henry Reid (February 14, 1939 – January 17, 2016) was an American musician, songwriter and producer, also known by the stage name and alternate persona Blowfly.
Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
Boards of Canada are a Scottish electronic music duo consisting of brothers Michael Sandison and Marcus Eoin.
Bob Marley and the Wailers was a Jamaican reggae band led by Bob Marley.
Bobby Robinson (April 16, 1917 – January 7, 2011) was an American independent record producer and songwriter in New York City, most active from the 1950s through the mid-1980s.
Body Count is the eponymous debut studio album by American crossover thrash band Body Count, released on March 31, 1992 by Sire Records.
Bone Thugs-N-Harmony is an American hip hop group.
Elie Yaffa (born December 9, 1976), better known under his stage name Booba, is a French rapper.
Boogie Down Productions was a hip hop group, originally composed of KRS-One, D-Nice, and DJ Scott La Rock.
Bosnian hip hop is a style of music made in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bounce music is an energetic style of New Orleans hip hop music which is said to have originated as early as the late 1980s.
Braggadocio is a type of rapping where the MC is "bragging and boasting"Edwards, Paul, 2009, How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC, Chicago Review Press, p. 25.
Gertjan Mulder, professionally known as Brainpower (born 5 February 1975) is a Belgian born Dutch rapper who writes, records and performs in both English as well as his native Dutch.
Brand Nubian is an American hip hop group from New Rochelle, New York, composed of three emcees: Grand Puba, Sadat X and Lord Jamar, and formerly two DJs: DJ Alamo and DJ Sincere.
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brazilian hip hop is a national music genre.
In popular music, a break is an instrumental or percussion section during a song derived from or related to stop-time – being a "break" from the main parts of the song or piece.
Breakbeat is a broad style of electronic or dance-oriented music which utilizes breaks, often sampled from earlier recordings in funk, jazz and R&B, for the main rhythm.
Breakbeat hardcore (also called oldskool rave hardcore) is a genre of electronic dance music and a derivative of acid house and techno music of the late 1980s and early 1990s, that combines four-on-the-floor rhythms with breakbeats, and is associated with the UK rave scene.
Breakdancing, also called breaking or b-boying/b-girling, is an athletic style of street dance.
Bring in 'da Noise, Bring in 'da Funk is a musical that debuted Off-Broadway at the New York Shakespeare Festival/Public Theater in 1995 and moved to Broadway in 1996.
British hip hop is a genre of music, and a culture that covers a variety of styles of hip hop music made in the United Kingdom.
British Sri Lankans (Sinhalese: බ්රිතාන්ය ශ්රී ලාංකිකයන් Britanya Shri Lankikayan, பிரித்தானிய இலங்கையர்) are a demographic construct that contains people who can trace their ancestry to Sri Lanka.
Bruno Blum (born October 4, 1960, Vichy, France) is a French singer songwriter, guitar player, music producer and musicologist sometimes nicknamed "Doc Reggae." He is mostly known for his work in the reggae, rock music and African musics fields, and also works as a comic book artist, illustrator, painter, photographer, writer, music historian, interpreter and speaker.
Bryson Djuan Tiller (born January 2, 1993), is an American singer, songwriter and rapper.
Bucharest (București) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre.
Anthony Best (born March 20) (better known by his stage name Buckwild) is an American hip hop producer from The Bronx borough of New York City.
Anis Mohamed Youssef Ferchichi (born 28 September 1978), better known as Bushido, is a German rapper, hip-hop producer and entrepreneur in the real estate industry.
Byron Patrick Hurt (born December 31, 1969) is an American activist, lecturer, writer, and award-winning documentary filmmaker.
C-pop is an abbreviation for Chinese popular music, a loosely defined musical genre by artists originating from mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.
Christian Palko (born May 4, 1973), better known by his stage name Cage, is an American rapper and actor from Middletown, Orange County, New York.
Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta.
Call and response is a form of interaction between a speaker and an audience in which the speaker's statements ("calls") are punctuated by responses from the listeners.
Can't Stop Won't Stop: A History of the Hip-Hop Generation is a book by Jeff Chang chronicling the early hip hop scene.
The Canadian hip hop scene was first established in the 1980s.
Cannibal Ox is an American hip hop duo from Harlem, New York, United States.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Cartel is a 1995 Turkish hip hop group that received attention and popularity in both Turkey and Germany.
Celebrity refers to the fame and public attention accorded by the mass media to individuals or groups or, occasionally, animals, but is usually applied to the persons or groups of people (celebrity couples, families, etc.) themselves who receive such a status of fame and attention.
Marc Cerrone (born 24 May 1952) is a French disco drummer, composer, record producer and creator of major concert shows.
Chaka Khan (born Yvette Marie Stevens, March 23, 1953) is an American recording artist whose career has spanned five decades, beginning in the 1970s as the lead vocalist and focal point of the funk band Rufus.
Chancelor Jonathan Bennett (born April 16, 1993), known professionally as Chance the Rapper, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, actor, record producer, and philanthropist from the West Chatham neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois.
Chic, currently called Nile Rodgers & Chic, is an American band that was organized during 1976 by guitarist Nile Rodgers and bassist Bernard Edwards.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The Chicago Reader, or Reader (stylized as ЯEADER), is an American alternative weekly newspaper in Chicago, Illinois, noted for its literary style of journalism and coverage of the arts, particularly film and theater.
Chicano rap is a subgenre of hip hop, Latin hip hop and gangsta rap that embodies aspects of Southwest and Midwest Mexican American (Chicano) culture and is typically performed by American or Australian rappers and musicians of Mexican descent.
Christian hip hop (originally Gospel rap, also known as Christian rap, Gospel hip hop or holy hip hop) is a subgenre of hip hop music characterized by a Christian worldview, with the general purposes of evangelization (Christian mission work), edifying some members of the church and/or simply entertaining.
"Christmas Wrapping" is a Christmas song by the American new wave band the Waitresses.
Carlton Douglas Ridenhour (born August 1, 1960), known professionally as Chuck D, is an American rapper, author, and producer.
Charles Alan "Chuck" Philips (born October 15, 1952) is an American writer and investigative journalist.
CL Smooth (born Corey Brent Penn, Sr., October 8, 1968, New Rochelle, New York) is an American rapper.
Coke La Rock (aka Coco La Rock) (born April 25, 1955) is an old school New York City rapper who is often credited as being the first MC in the history of hip-hop.
Coloring Book is the third mixtape by American rapper Chance the Rapper.
Columbia is the capital and second largest city of the U.S. state of South Carolina, with a population estimate of 134,309 as of 2016.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
Company Flow was an American hip hop trio from Brooklyn, New York City, consisting of Bigg Jus, El-P and Mr. Len.
Contemporary R&B (also known as simply R&B), is a music genre that combines elements of rhythm and blues, pop, soul, funk, hip hop, and electronic music.
Control Machete were a Mexican hip hop group from Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico.
"Cop Killer" is a song composed by Ernie C with words by Ice-T for American heavy metal band Body Count, of which they were both members.
Country Grammar is the debut studio album by American rapper Nelly.
Country rap (also known as hick-hop) is a fusion genre of popular music blending country music with hip hop-style rapping.
"Crank That (Soulja Boy)" is the debut single by American rapper Soulja Boy Tell'em.
Crunk is a subgenre of hip hop music that emerged in the early 1990s and gained mainstream success during the mid 2000s.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
Cumbia rap is a spin-off of the original cumbia genre.
Curitiba (Tupi: "Pine Nut Land") is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Paraná.
Curtis is the third studio album by 50 Cent; it was released September 11, 2007, by Shady Records, Aftermath Entertainment, Interscope Records and Universal Music Group.
Cybotron were a pioneering and influential American electro music group formed in 1980 by Juan Atkins and Richard "3070" Davis in Detroit.
Cypress Hill is an American hip hop group from South Gate, California.
D4L was an American hip hop group, formed in 2003, composed of Atlanta-based rappers Fabo, Mook-B, Stoney, and Shawty Lo.
Tadd Mullinix or Dabrye is an American musician from Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, also known by the aliases James T. Cotton and SK-1.
Ramón Luis Ayala Rodríguez (born February 3, 1977), known by his stage name Daddy Yankee, is a Puerto Rican singer, songwriter, rapper, actor, and record producer.
Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.
Dancehall is a genre of Jamaican popular music that originated in the late 1970s.
"Dark Horse" is a song recorded by American singer Katy Perry featuring rapper Juicy J. It was originally released on September 17, 2013, by Capitol Records as the first promotional single from Perry's fourth studio album, Prism (2013).
David Toop (born 5 May 1949) is an English musician, author, and professor and chair of audio culture and improvisation at the London College of Communication.
"Day 'n' Nite" is a song by American hip hop recording artist Kid Cudi.
De La Soul is an American hip hop trio formed in 1987 on Long Island, New York.
Dealema are one of the oldest Portuguese hip hop groups, created in the 1990s, with members from Porto and Vila Nova de Gaia.
Death Row Records (formerly Future Shock Entertainment and Tha Row Records) was an American record label founded in 1991 by Suge Knight, The D.O.C, and Dr. Dre.
Deborah Ann Harry (born Angela Tremble; July 1, 1945) is an American singer, songwriter, and actress, known as the lead singer of the new wave band Blondie.
Dee Nasty (Born 1960) is a DJ, producer, and Hip-Hop pioneer in Paris, France.
In Jamaican music, a deejay (DJ) is a reggae or dancehall musician who sings and "toasts" to an instrumental riddim.
Definitive Jux is an independent record label based in New York City.
Dem Franchize Boyz was an American rap group from Atlanta signed to E1 Music.
Dennis Alcapone (born Dennis Smith, 6 August 1947, in Clarendon, Jamaica) is a reggae DJ and producer.
Desi hip hop is a term for music and culture which combines the influences of hip hop and the Indian subcontinent; the term desi referring to the South Asian diaspora.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Diamond D (born Joseph Kirkland; April 5, 1969) is a hip hop producer and MC from the Bronx, New York City, and one of the founding members of the Diggin' in the Crates Crew.
Die Fantastischen Vier, also known as Fanta 4, is a German hip hop group from Stuttgart, Germany, named after the German title of Marvel's Fantastic Four.
Digable Planets is an American hip hop trio formed in 1987, in Brooklyn, New York.
The Diggin' in the Crates Crew, also known as D.I.T.C., is an American hip hop collective formed in 1990 in New York City.
Dilated Peoples is an American hip hop group from Los Angeles, California.
"Dirty Talk" is a song by Klein + M.B.O. released as the first single from their debut studio album First.
A disc jockey, often abbreviated as DJ, is a person who plays existing recorded music for a live audience.
Disco is a musical style that emerged in the mid 1960s and early 1970s from America's urban nightlife scene, where it originated in house parties and makeshift discothèques, reaching its peak popularity between the mid-1970s and early 1980s.
Dylan Kwabena Mills (born 18 September 1984), better known by his stage name Dizzee Rascal, is an English hip hop recording artist and record producer. A pioneer of grime music, his work has also incorporated elements of UK garage, bassline, British hip hop, and R&B. He released his acclaimed debut album Boy in da Corner in 2003. It has since been considered a grime classic and earned him the 2003 Mercury Prize. Follow-up albums Showtime, Maths + English, and Tongue n' Cheek have been critically praised and certified platinum, with Tongue n' Cheek going platinum for sales exceeding 300,000 units in the United Kingdom. He has scored the number-one hits "Dance wiv Me", "Bonkers", "Holiday", "Dirtee Disco", "Shout".
DJ Disco Wiz (born Luis Cedeño, August 11, 1961 in the Bronx, New York, USA, to a Puerto Rican father and a mother from Cuba) is an American DJ.
Anthony Holloway, better known as DJ Hollywood (born December 10, 1954), is an American MC/rapper and DJ.
Clive Campbell (born April 16, 1955), better known by his stage name DJ Kool Herc, is a Jamaican–American DJ who is credited with helping originate hip hop music in the early–1970s in The Bronx, New York City.
DJ Magazine (also known as DJ Mag) is a British monthly magazine dedicated to electronic dance music and DJs.
A DJ mixer is a type of audio mixing console used by DJs for two different purposes: some DJs use the mixer to make seamless transitions from one song to another when they are spinning a set at a dance club.
Lawrence Muggerud (born January 28, 1968), better known by his stage name DJ Muggs, is an American DJ and producer.
Christopher Edward Martin (born March 21, 1966), known professionally as DJ Premier (also known as Preemo), is an American record producer and DJ, and was half of the hip hop duo Gang Starr—alongside the emcee Guru—and forms half of the hip hop duo PRhyme, together with Royce da 5'9".
Joshua Paul "Josh" Davis (born June 29, 1972), better known by his stage name DJ Shadow, is an American record producer and DJ.
Doggystyle is the debut studio album by American rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
Donald Eugene Cherry (November 18, 1936 – October 19, 1995) was an American jazz trumpeter.
William Omar Landrón Rivera (born February 10, 1978), better known by his stage name Don Omar, is a Puerto Rican reggaeton singer and actor.
Doug E. Fresh (born September 17, 1966) is a Barbadian-American rapper, record producer, and beatboxer, also known as the Human Beat Box And the pioneer of 20th-century American beatboxing, Fresh is able to accurately imitate drum machines and various special effects using only his mouth, lips, gums, throat, tongue and a microphone.
Andre Romelle Young (born February 18, 1965), better known by his stage name Dr.
Albert Lavada Durst (January 12, 1913 – October 31, 1995), known as Dr.
Aubrey Drake Graham (born October 24, 1986) is a Canadian rapper, singer, songwriter, actor, and entrepreneur.
Dreamgirls is a Broadway musical, with music by Henry Krieger and lyrics and book by Tom Eyen.
Drum and bass (also written as "drum 'n' bass" or "drum & bass"; commonly abbreviated as "D&B", "DnB" or "D'n'B"), is a genre and branch of electronic music which emerged from rave and jungle scenes in Britain during the early 1990s.
A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument that creates percussion.
Dub is a genre of music that grew out of reggae in the 1960s, and is commonly considered a subgenre,Dub: soundscapes and shattered songs in Jamaican reggae, p.2 though it has developed to extend beyond the scope of reggae.
Dubstep is a genre of electronic dance music that originated in South London in the late 1990s.
E-mu SP-1200 is a sampler, released in August 1987 by E-mu Systems, Inc..
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
East Coast hip hop is a regional sub genre of hip hop music that originated in New York City during the 1970s.
The East Coast–West Coast hip hop rivalry was a feud between artists and fans of the East Coast hip hop and West Coast hip hop scenes in the United States, especially from the mid to late 1990s.
In audio signal processing and acoustics, Echo is a reflection of sound that arrives at the listener with a delay after the direct sound.
Edin Osmić (born 22 December 1978), better known by his stage name Edo Maajka, is a Bosnian rapper, record producer and songwriter.
Jaime Meline (born March 2, 1975), better known by his stage name El-P (shortened from El Producto), is an American rapper, record producer, and record executive.
Electro (or electro-funk).
Electronic dance music (also known as EDM, dance music, club music, or simply dance) is a broad range of percussive electronic music genres made largely for nightclubs, raves, and festivals.
Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments and circuitry-based music technology.
Electronica encompasses a broad group of electronic-based styles such as techno, house, ambient, jungle and other electronic music styles intended not just for dancing.
Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor.
Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), known professionally as Eminem (often stylized as EMINƎM), is an American rapper, songwriter, record producer, record executive, and actor.
Emo rap (also referred to as emo hip hop) is a subgenre of hip hop fusing styles commonly used in hip hop music – specifically trap music and cloud rap – with lyrical themes and vocals commonly found in emo music, as well as elements of other closely associated rock genres such as indie rock, pop punk and nu metal.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
EPMD is an American Hip Hop group from Brentwood, New York.
Eric B. & Rakim are a hip hop duo formed in Long Island, New York, in 1986, composed of Eric B. (born Eric Barrier) and MC Rakim (born William Michael Griffin Jr.). AllMusic wrote that "during rap's so-called golden age in the late '80s, Eric B. & Rakim were almost universally recognized as the premier DJ/MC team in all of hip-hop." Tom Terrell of NPR called them "the most influential DJ/MC combo in contemporary pop music period," while the editors of About.com ranked them as No.
Erica Abi Wright (born February 26, 1971), known professionally as Erykah Badu, is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, disc jockey, activist, and actress.
Experimental hip hop is a genre of hip hop that employs structural elements typically considered unconventional in traditional hip hop music.
Extince (also known as "Exter-O-naldus" or "De Exter") is one of the first Dutch language rappers (See also Nederhop) to appear in the Dutch music charts. Extince was born as Peter Kops in Oosterhout, Netherlands. One of his biggest musical influences as a child was Creedence Clearwater Revival.
Fred Brathwaite (born August 31, 1959) more popularly known as Fab 5 Freddy, is an American visual artist, filmmaker, rapper and hip hop pioneer.
John David Jackson (born November 18, 1977), better known by his stage name Fabolous, is an American rapper and hip hop recording artist from Brooklyn, New York City.
Joseph Antonio Cartagena (born August 19, 1970), better known by his stage name Fat Joe, is an American rapper and actor from the Bronx, New York.
The Fatback Band (later, simply Fatback) is an American funk and disco band that was popular in the 1970s and 1980s.
A favela, Brazilian Portuguese for slum, is a low-income historically informal urban area in Brazil.
Fear of a Black Planet is the third studio album by American hip hop group Public Enemy.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), formerly the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency.
Willie Maxwell II (born June 7, 1991), known professionally as Fetty Wap, is an American rapper, singer, and songwriter.
"Fight the Power" is a song by American hip hop group Public Enemy, released as a single in June 1989 on Motown Records.
Snapping (or clicking) one's fingers is the act of creating a snapping or clicking sound with one's fingers.
The flag of Haiti is a bicolour flag featuring two horizontal bands coloured blue and red, defaced by a white panel bearing the coat of arms.
Patrick Losensky (born 3 April 1982), known professionally as Fler is a German rapper and CEO of Maskulin Music Group.
Tramar Lacel Dillard (born September 17, 1979), known professionally as Flo Rida, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter and composer from Carol City, Florida.
Steven Ellison (born October 7, 1983), known by his stage name Flying Lotus or sometimes FlyLo, is an experimental multi-genre music producer, electronic musician, DJ, filmmaker, and rapper from Los Angeles, California.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
Francis Michael Durango Magalona (October 4, 1964 – March 6, 2009), also known as FrancisM, Master Rapper, The Mouth and The Man From Manila, was a Filipino rapper, entrepreneur, songwriter, producer, actor, director, and photographer.
Freeez were an English electronic music group, initially known as one of the UK's main jazz-funk bands of the early 1980s.
Freestyle Fellowship is an American hip hop group from Los Angeles, California.
Freestyle is a style of improvisation with or without instrumental beats, in which lyrics are recited with no particular subject or structure.
French hip hop is the hip hop music style which was developed in French-speaking countries.
Adnan Hamidović (born 31 May 1982), better known by his stage name Frenkie, is a Bosnian rapper from Tuzla.
Arturo Molina, Jr. (born May 31, 1964), better known as Frost (originally Kid Frost), is an American rapper, songwriter and record producer.
"Fuck tha Police" is a protest song by American rap group N.W.A that appears on the album Straight Outta Compton as well as on the ''N.W.A's Greatest Hits'' compilation.
Fugees (sometimes The Fugees; formerly Tranzlator Crew) was an American hip hop group who rose to fame in the early-1990s.
Funk is a music genre that originated in African American communities in the mid-1960s when African American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B).
"Funk You Up" is a 1979 old school hip hop song recorded by The Sequence for Sugar Hill Records.
Funky 4 + 1 was an American hip hop group from The Bronx, New York.
Nayvadius DeMun Wilburn (born November 20, 1983), known professionally as Future, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, and record producer.
G-funk, or gangsta-funk, is a subgenre of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast Gangsta rap in the early 1990s, heavily influenced by 1970s funk sound of artists such as Parliament-Funkadelic.
A gang is a group of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior.
Gang Starr was an East Coast hip hop duo that consisted of rapper Guru and DJ/producer DJ Premier.
Gangsta rap or Gangster rap is a style of hip hop characterized by themes and lyrics that generally emphasize the "gangsta" lifestyle.
A gangster is a criminal who is a member of a gang.
Genre is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed upon conventions developed over time.
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
Get Rich or Die Tryin is the debut studio album by American rapper 50 Cent.
Geto Boys (originally spelled Ghetto Boys) is an American rap group from Fifth Ward, Houston, Texas, consisting of Scarface, Bushwick Bill and Willie D. The Geto Boys have earned notoriety for their lyrics covering controversial topics such as misogyny, gore, psychotic experiences, and necrophilia.
Ghetto D is the sixth studio album by American rapper Master P, released on September 2, 1997 on No Limit Records and Priority Records.
Ghettotech (also known as Detroit club music) is a genre of electronic music originating from Detroit.
Dennis Coles (born May 9, 1970), better known by his stage name Ghostface Killah, is an American rapper and member of the Wu-Tang Clan.
Gilbert "Gil" Scott-Heron (April 1, 1949 – May 27, 2011) was an American soul and jazz poet,Kot, Greg (May 26, 2011).
"Gin and Juice" is the second single by rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg from his debut album Doggystyle.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
Glitch is a genre of electronic music that emerged in the late 1990s.
Jive talk, also known as Harlem jive, the argot of jazz, jazz jargon, vernacular of the jazz world, slang of jazz, and parlance of hip, was the distinctive slang that developed in Harlem, where jive or jazz was played, and was subsequently adopted more widely in US society, peaking in the 1940s.
Gnarls Barkley is an American soul duo, composed of singer-songwriter CeeLo Green and producer Danger Mouse.
Go-go is a popular music subgenre associated with funk that originated in the Washington, D.C., area during the mid-60s to late-70s.
Golden age hip hop is a name given to mainstream hip hop music created in the mid/late 1980s and early 1990s, particularly by artists and musicians originating from the New York metropolitan area.
Good Kid, M.A.A.D City (stylized as good kid, m.A.A.d city) is the second studio album by American rapper Kendrick Lamar.
"Good Times" is a song by American R&B band Chic from their third album Risqué (1979).
Goodie Mob is a hip hop group based in Atlanta, Georgia.
Graduation is the third studio album by American rapper Kanye West, released on September 11, 2007 by Roc-A-Fella Records.
Graffiti (plural of graffito: "a graffito", but "these graffiti") are writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or painted, typically illicitly, on a wall or other surface, often within public view.
A Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievement in the music industry.
The Grammy Award for Album of the Year is presented by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to "honor artistic achievement, technical proficiency and overall excellence in the recording industry, without regard to album sales, chart position, or critical reception." Album of the Year is the most prestigious award category at the Grammys having been presented since 1959.
The Grammy Award for Best Rap Album is an award presented to recording artists for quality albums with rapping at the Grammy Awards, a ceremony that was established in 1958 and originally called the Gramophone Awards.
Theodore Livingston (born March 5, 1963), better known as Grand Wizzard Theodore, is an American hip hop DJ.
Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is an American hip hop recording artist and DJ.
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five were an American hip hop group formed in the South Bronx of New York City in 1976.
Grant Green (June 6, 1935 – January 31, 1979) was an American jazz guitarist and composer.
Grebo (or grebo rock) was a short-lived subgenre of alternative rock that incorporated influences from punk rock, electronic dance music, hip hop and psychedelia.
Greg Wilson (born 1960) is an English DJ and producer associated with both the early 80s electro scene in Manchester and the current disco / re-edit movement.
Grime (also known as, Eskibeat, 8Bar, Sublow and UK Bashment) is a genre of music that emerged in London in the early 2000s.
Grindie is a form of music that emerged in early 2006.
A griot, jali or jeli (djeli or djéli in French spelling) is a West African historian, storyteller, praise singer, poet and/or musician.
Grip It! On That Other Level is the second studio album by the Houston hip hop group, Geto Boys (then known as Ghetto Boys), released on March 12, 1989 on Rap-A-Lot Records.
Grizzly Bear is an American rock band from Brooklyn, New York, formed in 2002.
In music, groove is the sense of propulsive rhythmic "feel" or sense of "swing".
Radric Delantic Davis (born February 12, 1980), known professionally as Gucci Mane, is an American rapper.
Gary Grice (born August 22, 1966), better known by his stage names GZA and the Genius, is an American rapper and songwriter.
H.I.P. H.O.P. was France's first television show and first regular nationwide weekly show in the world to be dedicated to the hip hop culture.
Hadouken! is a British band formed in London in 2006 by singer, writer and producer James Smith and synth player Alice Spooner, with guitarist Daniel "Pilau" Rice, bassist Christopher Purcell and drummer Nick Rice.
Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
Haitian Creole (kreyòl ayisyen,; créole haïtien) is a French-based creole language spoken by 9.6–12million people worldwide, and the only language of most Haitians.
In popular music, half-time is a type of meter and tempo that alters the rhythmic feel by essentially doubling the tempo resolution or metric division/level in comparison to common-time.
Halloween or Hallowe'en (a contraction of All Hallows' Evening), also known as Allhalloween, All Hallows' Eve, or All Saints' Eve, is a celebration observed in a number of countries on 31 October, the eve of the Western Christian feast of All Hallows' Day.
Hamilton: An American Musical is a sung- and rapped-through musical about the life of American Founding Father Alexander Hamilton, with music, lyrics, and book by Lin-Manuel Miranda,Donaldson, Kayleigh (2017).
Hardcore hip hop (also hardcore rap) is a genre of hip hop music that developed through the East Coast hip hop scene in the 1980s.
Hardcore punk (often abbreviated to hardcore) is a punk rock music genre and subculture that originated in the late 1970s.
The Harvard Dictionary of Music is a standard music reference book published by the Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Hashim (هاشم) is a common male Arabic given name, which signifies "Destroyer of Evil” The title Hashim was given to 'Amr al-ʻUlā ibn 'Abd Manaf, as he was generous in providing bread to poor people and travelers going to Mecca.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
The Hawaiian language (Hawaiian: Ōlelo Hawaii) is a Polynesian language that takes its name from Hawaiokinai, the largest island in the tropical North Pacific archipelago where it developed.
The Hawaiian sovereignty movement (ke ea Hawaii) is a grassroots political and cultural campaign to gain sovereignty, self-determination and self-governance for Hawaiians of whole or part Native Hawaiian ancestry with an autonomous or independent nation or kingdom.
"H•A•M" is a song by American rappers Kanye West and Jay-Z. It was released as the first single from their collaborative studio album Watch the Throne on January 11, 2011.
Heavy metal (or simply metal) is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom.
Hell on Earth is the third studio album by East Coast hip hop duo Mobb Deep, which was first released on November 19, 1996, on Loud/RCA/BMG.
Herbert Jeffrey "Herbie" Hancock (born April 12, 1940) is an American pianist, keyboardist, bandleader, composer and actor.
Herbert Jay Solomon (April 16, 1930 – July 1, 2003), known by his stage name Herbie Mann, was an American jazz flautist and important early practitioner of world music.
A hi-hat, also spelled hihat or high-hat, is a combination of two cymbals, a foot-operated pedal which moves a rod which in turn moves one of the cymbals, all mounted on a metal stand.
Hip hop, or hip-hop, is a subculture and art movement developed in the Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s.
The Hip Hop Movement offers a critical theory and history of hip hop culture as stated by Reiland Rabaka in his book The Hip Hop Movement: From R&B and the Civil Rights Movement to Rap and the Hip Hop Generation.
Hip hop production is the creation of hip hop music in a recording studio.
Hip hop soul is a subgenre of contemporary R&B music, most popular during the early and mid 1990s, which fuses rhythm and blues/gospel singing with hip hop musical production.
Hip house, also known as rap house or house rap, is a musical genre that mixes elements of house music and hip hop.
Hiplife is a Ghanaian musical style that fuses Ghanaian culture and hip hop.
Home Invasion is the fifth studio album by American rapper Ice-T. It was released on March 23, 1993 via Rhyme $yndicate/Priority Records.
Homophobia in hip hop culture is the homophobic attitude from hip hop artists towards LGBT people, in form of song lyrics that use anti-gay slurs and normalize violence against LGBT people.
Horrorcore is a subgenre of hip hop music based on horror-themed and often darkly transgressive lyrical content and imagery.
House music is a genre of electronic dance music created by club DJs and music producers in Chicago in the early 1980s.
House of Pain is an American hip hop group who released three albums in the 1990s before lead rapper Everlast left to pursue his solo career.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
Ross Matthew Birchard (born 11 February 1986), better known by the stage name Hudson Mohawke, is a producer, DJ, and composer from Glasgow, Scotland.
Hyperdub is a London-based electronic record label and former webzine, founded and run by Steve Goodman, a.k.a. Kode9.
The word hyphy is Oakland slang meaning "hyperactive".
"I Feel for You" is a song written by Prince that originally appeared on his 1979 self-titled album.
Roy Samuel Reid (28 June 1944 – 27 November 1999), better known as I-Roy, was a Jamaican DJ who had a very prolific career during the 1970s.
IAM (pronounced as English "I am") is a French hip hop band from Marseille, formed in 1989, and composed of Akhenaton (Philippe Fragione), Shurik'n (Geoffroy Mussard), Khéops (Eric Mazel), Imhotep (Pascal Perez), and Kephren (François Mendy).
O'Shea Jackson Sr. (born June 15, 1969), known professionally as Ice Cube, is an American rapper, writer and actor.
"Ice Ice Baby" is a hip hop song written by American rapper Vanilla Ice, K. Kennedy and DJ Earthquake.
Tracy Lauren Marrow (born February 16, 1958), better known by his stage name Ice-T, is an American musician, rapper, songwriter, actor, record executive, record producer, and author.
Ignacio Bernal (February 13, 1910 in Paris - January 24, 1992 in Mexico City) was an eminent Mexican anthropologist and archaeologist.
Illmatic is the debut studio album by American rapper Nas.
In the Heights is a musical with music and lyrics by Lin-Manuel Miranda and a book by Quiara Alegría Hudes.
Independent music (often referred to as indie music or indie) is music produced independently from commercial record labels or their subsidiaries, a process that may include an autonomous, do-it-yourself approach to recording and publishing.
An independent record label (or indie label) is a record label that operates without the funding of or outside major record labels.
Indie rock is a genre of rock music that originated in the United Kingdom in the 1970s.
Industrial hip hop is a fusion genre of industrial music with the rhythms or vocals of hip hop.
Intelligent dance music (commonly abbreviated as IDM) is a form of electronic music that emerged in the early 1990s, characterized by an abstract or "cerebral" sound better suited for home listening than dancing.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
Ironman is the debut solo album by American rapper Ghostface Killah, released on October 29, 1996, by Epic Records.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Israelis (ישראלים Yiśraʾelim, الإسرائيليين al-ʾIsrāʾīliyyin) are citizens or permanent residents of the State of Israel, a multiethnic state populated by people of different ethnic backgrounds.
"It's Goin' Down" is a song co-written and recorded by American hip hop artist Yung Joc, and produced by Nitti.
"It's Like That" is the debut single by American hip hop group Run-DMC.
Italian Americans (italoamericani or italo-americani) are an ethnic group consisting of Americans who have ancestry from Italy.
James Dewitt Yancey (February 7, 1974 – February 10, 2006), better known by the stage names J Dilla and Jay Dee, was an American record producer and rapper who emerged from the mid-1990s underground hip hop scene in Detroit, Michigan, as one third of the acclaimed music group Slum Village.
J-pop (often stylized as J-POP; ジェイポップ jeipoppu; an abbreviation for Japanese pop), natively also known simply as, is a musical genre that entered the musical mainstream of Japan in the 1990s.
Jermaine Lamarr Cole (born January 28, 1985) is an American hip hop recording artist and record producer.
Jalaluddin Mansur Nuriddin (July 24, 1944 – June 4, 2018) was an American poet and musician.
James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006) was an American singer, songwriter, dancer, musician, record producer and bandleader.
Japanese hip hop (also known as J-rap, J-hip hop or J-hop) is said to have begun when Hiroshi Fujiwara returned to Japan and started playing hip hop records in the early 1980s.
Timothy Elpadaro Thedford (born September 19, 1976), known professionally as Jay Electronica, is an American rapper and record producer from New Orleans.
Shawn Corey Carter (born December 4, 1969) known professionally as Jay-Z (stylized JAY-Z), is an American rapper, songwriter, record producer, and entrepreneur.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jazz poetry has been defined as poetry that "demonstrates jazz-like rhythm or the feel of improvisation" and also as poetry that takes jazz music, musicians, or the jazz milieu as its subject.
Jazz rap is a fusion of jazz and hip hop music that developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Jazzy Jay, born on November 18, 1961), also known as The Original Jazzy Jay or DJ Jazzy Jay, is an American hip hop DJ and producer. He has collected roughly 400,000 records.
Jerkin' or Jerk is a street dance from Los Angeles.
Jerry Calliste Jr. (born Gerald C. Calliste Jr., November 26, 1965 in Bronx, New York), also known as Hashim, is an American entrepreneur, music industry executive producer, songwriter, record producer, music publisher, and former DJ who is best known for the internationally renowned, seminal hip hop, electro-funk, and dance music classic recording "Al-Naafiysh (The Soul)" (1983).
Kendrick Jeru Davis, known as Jeru the Damaja (born February 14, 1972), is an American rapper best known for his 1994 debut album, The Sun Rises in the East, ranked as one of the 100 greatest hip-hop albums of all time by the editors of About.com.
Douglas "Jocko" Henderson (March 8, 1918July 15, 2000) was an American radio disc jockey, businessman, and hip hop music pioneer.
John Herbert Dillinger (June 22, 1903 – July 22, 1934) was an American gangster in the Depression-era United States.
John R. (born John Richbourg, August 20, 1910, Manning, South Carolina; died February 15, 1986, Nashville, Tennessee) was an American radio disc jockey who attained fame in the 1950s and 1960s for playing rhythm and blues music on Nashville radio station WLAC.
John Robie is an American musician and record producer, widely credited as the driving force behind many of the most successful songs from the early 80's electro boom and is best known for his work with the New York record producer Arthur Baker.
Joseph Deighton Gibson Jr. (May 13, 1920 – January 30, 2000) was born in Chicago, Illinois, USA and was a radio Disc Jockey and actor.
Lorenzo Cherubini (born 27 September 1966), better known as Jovanotti, is an Italian singer-songwriter and rapper.
The Juice Crew was a Hip Hop collective made up largely of Queensbridge (New York, US)–based artists in the mid–to–late 1980s.
Jordan Michael Houston (born April 5, 1975), known professionally as Juicy J, is an American rapper, songwriter and record producer from Memphis, Tennessee.
A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that will play a patron's selection from self-contained media.
Jungle Brothers are an American hip hop group composed of Michael Small (Mike Gee), Nathaniel Hall (Afrika Baby Bam), and Sammy Burwell (DJ Sammy B).
Jungle is a genre of electronic music derived from breakbeat hardcore that developed in England in the early 1990s as part of UK rave scenes.
Jurassic 5 is an American alternative hip hop group formed in 1993 by members of two previous groups (Rebels of Rhythm and Unity Committee): rappers Charles Stewart (Chali 2na), Dante Givens (Akil), Courtenay Henderson (Soup aka Zaakir), Marc Stuart (Marc 7); and disc jockeys Mark Potsic (DJ Nu-Mark) and Lucas Macfadden (Cut Chemist).
Keinan Abdi Warsame better known by his stage name K'naan, is a Somali Canadian poet, rapper, singer, songwriter, and instrumentalist.
K-pop (abbreviation of Korean pop) characterized by a wide variety of audiovisual elements.
Malik Johnson, better known as K-Rob, is an American rapper, most famous for providing vocals for "Beat Bop" with Rammellzee in 1983 and "I'm a Homeboy", a single under his own name, in 1986.
The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, or just Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF), is an American non-profit organization, headquartered in San Francisco, California.
Kansas City is the largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri.
Kanye Omari West (born June 8, 1977) is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer, entrepreneur and fashion designer.
Kasta (Каста, Russian for caste) is a Russian rap group from Rostov-on-Don.
Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson (born October 25, 1984), known professionally as Katy Perry, is an American singer, songwriter, and television judge.
Kendrick Lamar Duckworth (born June 17, 1987) is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, and record producer.
Kenyan hip hop is a subgenre of hip hop music originating from Kenya.
Alix Mathurin (born 28 December 1977) better known as Kery James, is a French rapper, singer, songwriter, dancer and record producer from Orly, who was born in Guadeloupe to Haitian parents.
A keyboard instrument is a musical instrument played using a keyboard, a row of levers which are pressed by the fingers.
Scott Ramon Seguro Mescudi (born January 30, 1984), better known by his stage name Kid Cudi ("cuddy", often stylized KiD CuDi), is an American recording artist and actor from Cleveland, Ohio.
King of Rock is the second studio album by American hip hop group Run–D.M.C..
Winston Sparkes (17 September 1940 – 31 January 2012), better known as King Stitt, was a Jamaican pioneer DJ.
"King Tim III (Personality Jock)" is a 1979 song by the Fatback Band from the disco album XII.
KMD (Kausing Much Damage, or A positive Kause in a Much Damaged society) was a hip hop trio active in the early 1990s.
Bill K. Kapri (born Dieuson Octave; June 11, 1997) is an American rapper better known by his stage name Kodak Black.
Kodwo Eshun (born 1967) is a British-Ghanaian writer, theorist and filmmaker.
Nathaniel Thomas Wilson (born July 20, 1968), better known by his stage name Kool G Rap (or simply G Rap), is an American rapper from Queens.
Mohandas Dewese (born August 8, 1962), better known by his stage name Kool Moe Dee, is an American hip hop MC prominent in the late 1970s through the early 1990s.
Savaş Yurderi (born 10 February 1975) also known as Kool Savas (or as well King Kool Savas), is a German rapper and hip hop artist.
Korean hip hop, also known as K-hip hop, is a subgenre of hip hop music from South Korea.
, founded as Keio Electronic Laboratories, is a Japanese multinational corporation that manufactures electronic musical instruments, audio processors and guitar pedals, recording equipment, and electronic tuners.
Korn (stylized as KoЯn) is an American nu metal band from Bakersfield, California, formed in 1993.
Kraftwerk ("power station") is a German band formed in Düsseldorf in 1970 by Ralf Hütter and Florian Schneider.
Lawrence "Kris" Parker (born August 20, 1965), better known by his stage names KRS-One, and Teacha, is an American rapper and occasional producer from The Bronx, New York City, New York.
Krudas Cubensi, also known as Las Krudas, is an activist hip-hop group with black feminist, queer and vegan politics.
Kurtis Walker (born August 9, 1959), professionally known by his stage name Kurtis Blow, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record/film producer, Bboy, DJ, public speaker and minister.
Wendy Clark, better known by her stage name Lady B, is an American rapper and radio DJ from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
"Laffy Taffy" is a 2005 song by Atlanta-based hip hop group D4L which reached number one on the ''Billboard'' Hot 100 in January 2006.
Large Professor is the stage name of William Paul Mitchell (born March 21, 1973), at Allmusic.com an American hip hop rapper and record producer also known as Large Pro and Extra P. Based in New York City, he is known as a founding member of the underground hip hop group Main Source and as mentor and frequent collaborator of Nas.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Lauryn Noelle Hill (born May 26, 1975) is an American singer, songwriter, rapper, record producer, and actress.
Le Combat Continue is the second studio album by French Hip Hop group, Idéal J. The album is considered a classic in French hip hop music.
"Lean wit It, Rock wit It" is a song by Atlanta rap group Dem Franchize Boyz from their album On Top of Our Game.
Lee "Scratch" Perry OD (born Rainford Hugh Perry; 20 March 1936) is a Jamaican music producer and inventor noted for his innovative studio techniques and production style.
"Let The Music Play" is a song by American singer Shannon.
LGBTQ representations in hip hop music have been historically low.
Licensed to Ill is the debut studio album by American hip hop group Beastie Boys.
Andrey Vladimirovich Menshikov (Андре́й Влади́мирович Ме́ньшиков, born 30 June 1977, in Moscow), mostly known under his stage name Ligalize (Russian: Лигалайз), is a Russian hip hop artist and a former leader of the Legal Busine$$ band.
"Light Years Away" is the second single by the hip hop group, Warp 9, released in 1983.
Jonathan Smith (born January 27, 1971), better known by his stage name Lil Jon, is an American rapper, record producer, and DJ.
Gustav Elijah Åhr (November 1, 1996 – November 15, 2017), known professionally as Lil Peep, was an American rapper, singer, and songwriter.
Gazzy Garcia (born August 17, 2000), known professionally as Lil Pump, is an American rapper, record producer and songwriter.
Kimetrius Foose (born August 4, 1998), known professionally as Lil Skies, is an American rapper from Waynesboro, Pennsylvania currently signed to All We Got Entertainment through Atlantic Records.
Symere Woods (born July 31, 1994), known professionally as Lil Uzi Vert, is an American hip hop recording artist, singer, songwriter and musician.
Dwayne Michael Carter Jr. (born September 27, 1982), known professionally as Lil Wayne, is an American rapper.
Diego Leanos (born September 6, 1996), known professionally as Lil Xan, is an American rapper, singer and songwriter from Redlands, California.
Kimberly Denise Jones (born July 11, 1975 or 1976), known professionally by her stage name Lil' Kim, is an American rapper, songwriter, record producer, model, and actress.
Limp Bizkit is an American rap rock band from Jacksonville, Florida.
Lin-Manuel Miranda (born January 16, 1980) is an American composer, lyricist, playwright, and actor of Puerto Rican ancestry best known for creating and starring in the Broadway musicals In the Heights and Hamilton. He co-wrote the songs for Disney's ''Moana'' soundtrack (2016) and is set to co-star in the upcoming film Mary Poppins Returns. Miranda's awards include a Pulitzer Prize, three Grammy Awards, an Emmy Award, a MacArthur Fellowship, and three Tony Awards. Miranda wrote the music and lyrics for the musical In the Heights, which premiered on Broadway in 2008. For this work, he won the 2008 Tony Award for Best Original Score, the show's cast album won the 2009 Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album and the show won the Tony Award for Best Musical. Miranda was also nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical for his performance in the show's lead role. Miranda prepared Spanish translations used in the 2009 Broadway production of West Side Story and was co-composer and lyricist for Bring It On: The Musical, which played on Broadway in 2012. His television work includes recurring roles on The Electric Company (2009–2010) and Do No Harm (2013). He hosted Saturday Night Live for the first time in 2016 and earned his first Emmy award nomination for acting. Among other film work, Miranda contributed music and vocals for a scene in Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015). Miranda is most celebrated for writing the book, music and lyrics for Hamilton: An American Musical, which has been acclaimed as a pop culture phenomenon since its Broadway premiere in August 2015. The show earned the 2016 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, the 2016 Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album, and was nominated for a record-setting 16 Tony Awards, of which it won 11, including Best Musical, Best Original Score and Best Book. For his performance in the lead role of Alexander Hamilton, Miranda was nominated for another Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical. The ''Hamilton'' cast recording spent ten weeks atop Billboards Top Rap Albums chart in 2015, while The Hamilton Mixtape, an album of covers of songs from the musical, developed by and featuring Miranda, reached number one on the Billboard 200 upon release in December 2016. Miranda has emerged as an influential political activist, particularly in the wake of Hurricane Maria's devastation in Puerto Rico, for which he raised $30 million for the rescue efforts.
Carlton Lindsay Barrett, also known as Eseoghene (born 15 September 1941), is a Jamaican-born poet, novelist, essayist, playwright, journalist and photographer who since 1966 has lived in Nigeria, of which country he became a citizen in the mid-1980s.
The Linn 9000 is an electronic musical instrument manufactured by Linn Electronics as the successor to the LinnDrum.
Liquid Swords is the second solo studio album by American rapper and Wu-Tang Clan member GZA, released on November 7, 1995, by Geffen Records.
Piotr Krzysztof Liroy-Marzec (born July 12, 1971 in Busko Zdrój, Poland as Piotr Krzysztof Marzec), better known as Liroy (Leeroy), is a Polish rapper and politician.
Marlisa Marrero Vázquez (born 16 January 1974) better known by her stage name Lisa M, is a Puerto Rican singer-songwriter, record producer and dancer.
The following is an incomplete list of hip hop festivals, which encapsulates music festivals focused on hip hop music or other elements of hip hop culture.
Hip hop music can be subdivided into various subgenres, fusions with other genres, and regional hip hop scenes.
James Todd Smith (born January 14, 1968), known professionally as LL Cool J (short for Ladies Love Cool James), is an American rapper, actor, author and entrepreneur from Queens, New York.
London Holmes (born March 27, 1991), better known by his stage name London on da Track, is an American record producer, songwriter, and former rapper.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Lotti Golden (born November 27, 1949) is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, poet and artist.
Kevin Smith (May 16, 1960 – February 8, 2018), best known by his stage name Lovebug Starski, was an American MC, musician, and record producer.
Low Bap is a subgenre of the Greek hip hop music scene that emerged in the mid-1990s as the sound of the prominent Greek hip hop group Active Member.
Wasalu Muhammad Jaco (born February 16, 1982), better known by his stage name Lupe Fiasco, is an American rapper, record producer, and entrepreneur.
Mathangi "Maya" Arulpragasam (born 18 July 1975), better known by her stage name M.I.A. (pronounced as distinct initials), is a British rapper, singer-songwriter, record producer, and activist.
Otis Jackson Jr. (born October 24, 1973), known professionally as Madlib, is an American DJ, music producer, multi-instrumentalist, and rapper.
Main Source was a Canadian/American hip hop group based in New York City/Toronto, composed of Toronto DJs and producers, Sir Scratch and K-Cut, and Queens MC and producer Large Professor.
Malchishnik (Мальчи́шник — The Bachelor Party) is a sex rap group from Russia who were the first Russian rap artists to gain mainstream popularity during earlier 1990s.
Manuel Joseph "Man" Parrish (born May 6, 1958) is an American composer, songwriter, vocalist and producer.
Marcelo D2 (born Marcelo Maldonado Gomes Peixoto, November 5, 1967, in Rio de Janeiro) is a Brazilian rapper.
Marlon Williams (born September 30, 1962), better known by his stage name Marley Marl, is an American DJ, record producer, rapper and record label founder, primarily operating in hip hop music.
Duval Clear (born December 4, 1966), known better by his stage name Masta Ace, is an American rapper and record producer from Brownsville, Brooklyn.
A master of ceremonies, abbreviated M.C. or emcee, also called compère and announcer, is the official host of a ceremony, a staged event or similar performance.
Percy Robert Miller, known by his stage name Master P or his business name P. Miller is an American rapper, actor, businessman, record producer, philanthropist, and former basketball player.
Stanley Kirk Burrell (born March 30, 1962), better known by his stage name MC Hammer (or simply Hammer), is an American hip hop recording artist, dancer, record producer and entrepreneur.
Claude M'Barali MC Solaar ((born March 5, 1969) is a French rapper of Senegalese and Chadian origin. He is one of France's most famous and influential hip hop artists. MC Solaar is known for his complex lyrics, which rely on word play, lyricism, and inquiry. In the English-speaking world, Solaar was signed by London-based acid jazz record label Talkin' Loud and recorded with British group Urban Species and the late rapper Guru, who was a member of the critically acclaimed New York-based rap group Gang Starr. Solaar has since released eight studio albums and one live album.
Melvin Glover (born May 15, 1961), better known as Melle Mel and Grandmaster Melle Mel, is an American hip-hop musician – one of the pioneers of rap as lead rapper and main songwriter for Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five.
The Mellotron is an electro-mechanical, polyphonic tape replay keyboard originally developed and built in Birmingham, England, in 1963.
Ulpiano Sergio Reyes (born April 12, 1967), better known as Mellow Man Ace, is a Cuban-American rapper known for bilingual delivery and novelty rhymes.
The melting pot is a monocultural metaphor for a heterogeneous society becoming more homogeneous, the different elements "melting together" into a harmonious whole with a common culture or vice versa, for a homogeneous society becoming more heterogeneous through the influx of foreign elements with different cultural background with a potential creation of disharmony with the previous culture.
Memphis is a city located along the Mississippi River in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Merengue is a type of music and dance originating in the Dominican Republic, which has become a very popular genre throughout Latin America, and also in several major cities in the United States which have Hispanic communities.
Meren(gue)house/Merenrap (merenrap or merenhouse) is a hip hop music style formed by blending merengue music, with house music, hip hop music, and Caribbean music.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
Leland Tyler Wayne (born September 16, 1993), professionally known as Metro Boomin (also known as Young Metro or simply Metro), is an American record producer, record executive, songwriter, and DJ.
Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.
Miami bass (booty music or booty bass) is a subgenre of hip hop music that became popular music of South Florida in the 1980s and 1990s.
Michael Eric Dyson (born October 23, 1958) an academic, author, preacher, and radio host.
Midnight Star is an American group that had a string of hits in the 1980s.
Midwest hip-hop is a regional genre of hip hop music performed by artists from the Midwestern United States.
Migos is an American hip hop trio from Lawrenceville, Georgia, founded in May 2008.
Michael Ladd is an American hip hop artist from Boston, Massachusetts.
Michael Len Williams II (born March 23, 1989), known professionally as Mike Will Made It (often stylized as Mike WiLL Made-It) or simply Mike Will, is an American record producer and songwriter.
Misogyny in rap music refers to lyrics, videos or other aspects of rap music that support, glorify, justify, or normalize the objectification, exploitation, or victimization of women.
The term "mixtape" (alternatively spelled mix-tape or mix tape) is used to describe various manners in which music is distributed.
Mobb Deep was an American hip hop music duo from Queens, New York.
Moment of Truth is the fifth album by hip hop duo Gang Starr, released on March 31, 1998 by Noo Trybe Records and Virgin Records.
A monk (from μοναχός, monachos, "single, solitary" via Latin monachus) is a person who practices religious asceticism by monastic living, either alone or with any number of other monks.
More Life is a commercial mixtape by Canadian rapper Drake.
Yasiin Bey (born Dante Terrell Smith; December 11, 1973), best known by his stage name Mos Def, is an American hip hop recording artist, actor, and activist.
movmnt magazine is an urban-leaning lifestyle magazine which was co-founded in 2006 by David Benaym and Danny Tidwell.
Jeffrey Haynes (born December 28, 1977), better known by his stage name Mr.
MSNBC is an American news cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political commentary from NBC News on current events.
MTV (originally an initialism of Music Television) is an American cable and satellite television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks (a division of Viacom) and headquartered in New York City.
Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.; January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist, and philanthropist.
The Museum of Pop Culture, or MoPOP (earlier called EMP Museum) is a nonprofit museum dedicated to contemporary popular culture.
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.
The music industry consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music, and the organizations and associations that aid and represent music creators.
The traditional music of Africa, given the vastness of the continent, is historically ancient, rich and diverse, with different regions and nations of Africa having many distinct musical traditions.
The music of Jamaica includes Jamaican folk music and many popular genres, such as mento, ska, rocksteady, reggae, dub music, dancehall, reggae fusion and related styles.
Music recording certification is a system of certifying that a music recording has shipped, sold, or streamed a certain number of units.
A music sequencer (or simply sequencer) is a device or application software that can record, edit, or play back music, by handling note and performance information in several forms, typically CV/Gate, MIDI, or Open Sound Control (OSC), and possibly audio and automation data for DAWs and plug-ins.
Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance.
MV Bill, real name Alex Pereira Barbosa, is a Brazilian rap singer and co-author of the best-selling book Falcão - Meninos do Tráfico.
My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy is the fifth studio album by American rapper Kanye West, released on November 22, 2010, by Roc-A-Fella Records.
My Fair Lady is a musical based on George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, with book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner and music by Frederick Loewe.
N.W.A (an abbreviation for Niggaz Wit Attitudes) was an American hip hop group from Los Angeles, California.
Nā mele paleoleo (sometimes "mele paleoleo") is a contemporary form of Hawaiian music that cuts and mixes American hip hop with Hawaiian rapping.
Nasir Bin Olu Dara Jones (born September 14, 1973), better known by his stage name Nas, is an American rapper, record producer, actor and entrepreneur.
Nathanial Dowd Gaston Williams (Oct. 19, 1907 – October 27, 1983) was a high school teacher, a disc jockey on Black Appeal radio and a journalist and editor who was born on Beale Street in Memphis, Tenn.
The National Rifle Association of America (NRA) is an American nonprofit organization that advocates for gun rights.
Native American Hip Hop is hip-hop culture practiced by people of Native American heritage; this also includes Canadian First Nation hip hop artists.
The Native Tongues is a collective of late 1980s and early 1990s hip-hop artists known for their positive-minded, good-natured Afrocentric lyrics, and for pioneering the use of eclectic sampling and later jazz-influenced beats.
Cornell Iral Haynes Jr. (born November 2, 1974), known professionally as Nelly, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, entrepreneur, investor, and occasional actor from St. Louis, Missouri.
Neo soul is a genre of popular music.
Nerdcore is a genre of hip hop music characterized by themes and subject matter considered to be of general interest to nerds.
New jack swing or swingbeatSilverton, Peter.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
The new school of hip hop was a movement in hip hop music starting 1983–84 with the early records of Run–D.M.C. and LL Cool J. Like the hip hop preceding it, it came predominantly from New York City.
New wave is a genre of rock music popular in the late 1970s and the 1980s with ties to mid-1970s punk rock.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The New York City blackout of 1977 was an electricity blackout that affected most of New York City on July 13–14, 1977.
Newcleus was an American electro and old school hip hop group that gained popularity in the early 1980s.
Onika Tanya Maraj (born December 8, 1982), known professionally as Nicki Minaj, is a Trinidadian-born American rapper, singer, songwriter, model, and actress.
Nielsen SoundScan is an information and sales tracking system created by Mike Fine and Mike Shalett.
Nigga is a colloquial term used in African-American Vernacular English that began as an eye dialect form of the word nigger, an ethnic slur against black people.
Nile Gregory Rodgers Jr. (born September 19, 1952) is an American record producer, songwriter, musician, composer, arranger and guitarist.
No Limit Records was an American record label founded by rapper, entrepreneur and CEO Percy "Master P" Miller.
None Shall Pass is the fifth studio album by American hip hop artist Aesop Rock.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Nu metal (also known as nü-metal and) is a subgenre of that combines elements of with elements of other music genres such as hip hop, alternative rock, funk, industrial and grunge.
Nu metalcore (sometimes referred to as nu metal revival or new nu metal) is the fusion of and metalcore that began in the 2000s and gained popularity in the 2010s.
"Nunk" (also known as "Nunk (New Wave Funk)") the first single by the group Warp 9, released on Prism Records in 1982, was written and produced by Lotti Golden and Richard Scher.
"Nuthin' but a 'G' Thang" is a song by American rapper Dr. Dre featuring fellow American rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg from Dre's debut solo album, The Chronic (1992).
Nuyorican rap is a fusion genre of hip hop, Latin hip hop, reggaeton and East Coast hip hop that embodies aspects of East Coast Stateside Puerto Rican (Nuyorican) culture and is typically performed by American or Puerto Rican rappers and musicians of Puerto Rican descent.
Omar Credle (born May 13, 1971), better known by his stage name, O.C., is an American rapper and member of the group D.I.T.C., who has been involved with several renowned underground hip hop groups: Crooklyn Dodgers '95, Luv NY, Perestroika.
The DMX is a programmable digital drum machine manufactured by Oberheim Electronics.
An Off-Broadway theatre is any professional venue in Manhattan in New York City with a seating capacity between 100 and 499, inclusive.
Old-school hip hop (also spelled old skool) is a term describes the earliest commercially recorded hip hop music.
Only Built 4 Cuban Linx... is the solo debut album of American rapper and Wu-Tang Clan member Raekwon, released on August 1, 1995, by Loud Records and RCA Records.
Onyx is an American hip hop music group from Queens, New York.
Oosterhout (from ooster, "eastern", and hout, "woods") is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands.
Organized Konfusion (OK) is an alternative hip hop duo from Queens, New York.
The Osdorp Posse, founded in Amsterdam, Netherlands, in 1989, was one of the first groups to make rap music in Dutch.
Outkast (stylized as OutKast) is an American hip hop duo formed in 1991 in East Point, Georgia, composed of Atlanta-based rappers André "André 3000" Benjamin (formerly known as Dré) and Antwan "Big Boi" Patton.
P-Funk (also spelled P Funk or P. Funk) is the repertoire and performers associated with George Clinton.
Paid in Full is the debut album of American hip hop duo Eric B. & Rakim, released on July 7, 1987, by Island-subsidiary label 4th & B'way Records.
The Palestinian people (الشعب الفلسطيني, ash-sha‘b al-Filasṭīnī), also referred to as Palestinians (الفلسطينيون, al-Filasṭīniyyūn, פָלַסְטִינִים) or Palestinian Arabs (العربي الفلسطيني, al-'arabi il-filastini), are an ethnonational group comprising the modern descendants of the peoples who have lived in Palestine over the centuries, including Jews and Samaritans, and who today are largely culturally and linguistically Arab.
Pantelimon is a neighbourhood located in south-eastern Bucharest, Romania, in Sector 2.
Paper Trail is the sixth studio album by American hip hop recording artist T.I., released September 30, 2008, on Grand Hustle Records and Atlantic Records.
Patter is a prepared and practiced speech that is designed to produce a desired response from its audience.
People Under the Stairs are an American hip hop group from Los Angeles, California, formed in 1997.
A percussion instrument is a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater (including attached or enclosed beaters or rattles); struck, scraped or rubbed by hand; or struck against another similar instrument.
Performance poetry is poetry that is specifically composed for or during a performance before an audience.
Peter O. Philips (born June 21, 1970), better known by his stage name Pete Rock, is an American record producer, DJ and rapper.
Pete Rock & CL Smooth are a hip-hop duo from Mount Vernon, New York.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Dewey "Pigmeat" Markham (April 18, 1904 – December 13, 1981) was an American entertainer.
Pitchfork is an American online magazine launched in 1995 by Ryan Schreiber, based in Chicago, Illinois and owned by Condé Nast.
Planet Patrol is an American electro group originating in the 1980s.
"Planet Rock" (also known as 'Don't Stop... Planet Rock') is a 1982 song by Afrika Bambaataa & the Soulsonic Force.
Jordan Terrell Carter (born September 13, 1996), better known by his stage name Playboi Carti, is an American rapper, record producer, and songwriter from Atlanta, Georgia.
A playlist is a list of video or audio files that can be played back on a media player either sequentially or in a shuffled order.
Please Hammer, Don't Hurt 'Em is the third album (and second major-label release) by MC Hammer, released on February 12, 1990 by Capitol Records.
Poetry (the term derives from a variant of the Greek term, poiesis, "making") is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.
A poetry slam is a competition in which poets perform spoken word poetry.
A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
Political hip hop is a subgenre of hip hop music that was developed in the 1980s as a way of turning rap music into a call for action and a form of social activism.
Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.
Pop-rap or hip-pop is a genre of music fusing the rhythm-based lyricism of hip hop music with pop music's preference for melodious vocals and catchy tunes, which gained mainstream popularity during the 1990s.
Porto Alegre (local; Joyful Harbor) is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul.
Austin Richard Post (born July 4, 1995), known professionally as Post Malone, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter and record producer.
Postmen is a reggae/hip hop band from the Netherlands; the original line-up consisted of Remon 'Anonymous Mis' Stotijn, Michael 'Rollarocka' Parkinson and Gus 'G-Boah' Bear.
Cecil Bustamente Campbell OD (24 May 1938 – 8 September 2016), known professionally as Prince Buster, was a Jamaican singer-songwriter and producer.
Prince Far I (c. 1944 – 15 September 1983) was a Jamaican reggae deejay, producer and a Rastafarian.
Linval Roy Carter (3 September 1951 – 11 September 2013), better known as Prince Jazzbo, was a Jamaican reggae and dancehall deejay and producer.
Paul Edward Huston, (born April 2, 1967) better known by his stage name Prince Paul, is an American disc jockey, record producer and recording artist from Amityville, New York.
Prism Records was an American record label formed in 1978 by Len Fichtelberg (d. November 4, 2010).
Profile Records is a record label that specialized in urban-oriented music such as hip hop.
A public address system (PA system) is an electronic system comprising microphones, amplifiers, loudspeakers, and related equipment.
Public Enemy is an American hip hop group consisting of Chuck D, Flavor Flav, Professor Griff, Khari Wynn, DJ Lord, and the S1W group.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
Kamaal Ibn John Fareed (born Jonathan William Davis; April 10, 1970), better known by his stage name Q-Tip, is an American rapper, singer, actor, record producer and DJ.
Quiara Alegría Hudes (born 1977) is an American playwright and composer.
R.O.O.T.S. (short for Route of Overcoming the Struggle) is the second studio album by American rapper Flo Rida.
Racionais MC's is a Brazilian hip hop group based in São Paulo.
Radio Nova (or simply Nova) is a radio station broadcast from Paris, created in 1981 by Jean-François Bizot.
Radiohead are an English rock band from Abingdon, Oxfordshire, formed in 1985.
Rae Sremmurd is an American hip hop duo originating from Tupelo, Mississippi formed by two brothers, Slim Jxmmi and Swae Lee.
Corey Woods (born January 12, 1970), better known by the stage name Raekwon, is an American rapper and a member of the Wu-Tang Clan.
A raga or raaga (IAST: rāga; also raag or ragam; literally "coloring, tingeing, dyeing") is a melodic framework for improvisation akin to a melodic mode in Indian classical music.
Rage Against the Machine is an American rock band from Los Angeles, California.
Raggamuffin music, usually abbreviated as ragga, is a subgenre of dancehall and reggae music, in which the instrumentation primarily consists of electronic music.
Rahsaan Roland Kirk (August 7, 1935Kernfeld, Barry. "." The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, 2nd ed. Ed. Barry Kernfeld. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Retrieved on 2009-02-01. "The year of his birth has been widely given as 1936, but his birth certificate gives 1935 and confirms Ronald, not Roland." – December 5, 1977) was an American jazz multi-instrumentalist who played tenor saxophone, flute, and many other instruments.
William Michael Griffin Jr., better known by his stage name Rakim (born January 28, 1968), is an American rapper.
Antonije Pušić (Антоније Пушић, June 14, 1963), known professionally as Rambo Amadeus (Рамбо Амадеус) is a Montenegrin-born Serbian musician, author and performer.
Rammellzee (stylized RAMM:ΣLL:ZΣΣ, pronounced "Ram: Ell: Zee"; late 1960 – June 27, 2010) was a visual artist, gothic futurist "graffiti writer", painter, performance artist, hip hop musician, art theoretician, and sculptor from New York City.
Rap metal or heavy rap is a subgenre of rap rock and alternative metal music which combines hip hop with heavy metal.
A rap opera or hip hopera is a musical work in hip hop style with operatic form.
Rap rock is a fusion genre that fuses vocal and instrumental elements of hip hop with various forms of rock.
"Rapper's Delight" is a 1979 hip hop track by the Sugarhill Gang and produced by Sylvia Robinson.
Rapping (or rhyming, spitting, emceeing, MCing) is a musical form of vocal delivery that incorporates "rhyme, rhythmic speech, and street vernacular", which is performed or chanted in a variety of ways, usually over a backbeat or musical accompaniment.
"Rapture" is a song by the American pop rock band Blondie from their fifth studio album, Autoamerican (1980).
Rawkus Records was an American hip hop record label known for starting the careers of many rappers.
Reachin' (A New Refutation of Time and Space) is the acclaimed debut album by alternative hip hop group Digable Planets.
Reasonable doubt is a term used in jurisdiction of common law countries.
Recife is the fourth-largest urban agglomeration in Brazil with 3,995,949 inhabitants, the largest urban agglomeration of the North/Northeast Regions, and the capital and largest city of the state of Pernambuco in the northeast corner of South America.
A record producer or track producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album.
The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is a trade organization that represents the recording industry in the United States.
In the United States, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) awards certification based on the number of albums and singles sold through retail and other ancillary markets.
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
Reggaeton (also known as reggaetón and reguetón) is a music genre which originated in Puerto Rico during the late 1990s.
Relapse is the sixth studio album by American rapper Eminem.
Rent is a rock musical with music, lyrics, and book by Jonathan Larson, loosely based on Giacomo Puccini's opera La Bohème.
Reverberation, in psychoacoustics and acoustics, is a persistence of sound after the sound is produced.
Rhoticity in English refers to English speakers' pronunciation of the historical rhotic consonant, and is one of the most prominent distinctions by which varieties of English can be classified.
A rhyme is a repetition of similar sounds (or the same sound) in two or more words, most often in the final syllables of lines in poems and songs.
Rhythm (from Greek ῥυθμός, rhythmos, "any regular recurring motion, symmetry") generally means a "movement marked by the regulated succession of strong and weak elements, or of opposite or different conditions".
Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.
William Leonard Roberts II (born January 28, 1976), known professionally by his stage name Rick Ross, is an American rapper and entrepreneur.
Frederick Jay "Rick" Rubin (born March 10, 1963) is an American record producer and former co-president of Columbia Records.
"Right Round" is a song performed by American rapper Flo Rida featuring uncredited guest vocals from Kesha.
Abdelkrim Brahmi a.k.a. Rim'K (born 21 June 1978 in Paris, France) is a French rapper of Algerian descent.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Ramble Jon Krohn (born May 27, 1976), better known by his stage name RJD2, is an American musician based in Columbus, Ohio.
Robert Hilburn (born September 25, 1939) is an American pop music critic and author.
Roc-A-Fella Records was an American record label founded by Shawn "JAY-Z" Carter, Damon "Dame" Dash and Kareem "Biggs" Burke in 1995.
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950sJim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992),.
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
Rock Steady Crew is an American breaking and hip hop group which has become a franchise name for multiple groups in other locations.
Housni M'Kouboi (born 15 December 1977), better known as Rohff and at times stylized as Roh2f, is a French rapper.
The Roland TR-808 Rhythm Composer is a drum machine introduced by the Roland Corporation in 1980 and discontinued in 1983.
The Roland TR-909 Rhythm Composer is a drum machine introduced by the Roland Corporation in 1983.
Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Romanian hip hop first emerged in 1982, along with the break-dancing movement which become very popular in the 1980s.
Ronald Savage (born 1965) is an American entrepreneur, hip hop artist, author, and activist.
Rufus C. Thomas, Jr. (March 26, 1917 – December 15, 2001) was an American rhythm-and-blues, funk, soul and blues singer, songwriter, dancer, DJ and comic entertainer from Memphis, Tennessee.
Run-DMC was an American hip hop group from Hollis, Queens, New York, founded in 1981 by Joseph Simmons, Darryl McDaniels, and Jason Mizell.
Russell Vitale (born September 26, 1992), known by his stage name and mononym Russ, is an American hip hop recording artist, singer-songwriter and record producer.
Russell Wendell Simmons (born October 4, 1957) is an American entrepreneur, record producer, and author.
Russian hip hop refers to hip hop music recorded in Russia or in the Russian language in former Soviet states like Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan.
Rustie (born Russell Whyte) is a Scottish musician from Glasgow.
Robert Fitzgerald Diggs (born July 5, 1969), better known by his stage name RZA, is an American rapper, record producer, musician, actor, filmmaker and author.
Salvador, also known as São Salvador, Salvador de Bahia, and Salvador da Bahia, is the capital of the Brazilian state of Bahia.
A sampler is an electronic or digital musical instrument similar in some respects to a synthesizer, but instead of generating new sounds with filters, it uses sound recordings (or "samples") of real instrument sounds (e.g., a piano, violin or trumpet), excerpts from recorded songs (e.g., a five-second bass guitar riff from a funk song) or other sounds (e.g., sirens and ocean waves).
In music, sampling is the act of taking a portion, or sample, of one sound recording and reusing it as an instrument or a sound recording in a different song or piece.
San Antonio (Spanish for "Saint Anthony"), officially the City of San Antonio, is the seventh most populous city in the United States and the second most populous city in both Texas and the Southern United States.
Sasquatch! Music Festival was an annual music festival held at The Gorge Amphitheatre in George, Washington.
Saturday Night Live (SNL) is an American late-night live television variety show created by Lorne Michaels and developed by Dick Ebersol.
Saul Stacey Williams (born February 29, 1972) is an American rapper, singer-songwriter, musician, slam poet, writer, and actor.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
Brad Terrence Jordan (born November 9, 1970), better known by his stage name Scarface, is an American rapper and music producer.
In vocal jazz, scat singing is vocal improvisation with wordless vocables, nonsense syllables or without words at all.
Jesse Bonds Weaver, Jr. (born June 22, 1962), better known by the stage name Schoolly D (sometimes spelled Schooly D), is an American rapper from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, spaceflight, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.
Scott Herren is a producer who has been based in Atlanta, Barcelona and New York City.
Scratching, sometimes referred to as scrubbing, is a DJ and turntablist technique of moving a vinyl record back and forth on a turntable to produce percussive or rhythmic sounds.
Sean John Combs (born November 4, 1969), also known by his stage names Puff Daddy, Puffy, P. Diddy, Diddy, Love and Brother Love is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, actor, record producer, and entrepreneur.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.
The Seattle Post-Intelligencer (popularly known as the Seattle P-I, the Post-Intelligencer, or simply the P-I) is an online newspaper and former print newspaper based in Seattle, Washington, United States.
Senen Reyes (born November 22, 1965), also known by his stage name Sen Dog, is a Cuban-American musician and rapper who is best known as a member of the rap group Cypress Hill and the lead vocalist for the heavy metal band Powerflo.
Serbian hip hop refers to all genres of hip hop music in the Serbian language.
Sharon Green (born 1962), known by her stage name Sha-Rock, is a rapper from Wilmington, North Carolina.
Shannon Brenda Greene (born May 2, 1958), better known by the mononym Shannon, is an American songwriter, recording artist and singer of freestyle and dance-pop music.
(born 1975), better known by his stage name Shing02, is a Japanese American hip hop recording artist, record producer, activist and investor.
Sidney Duteil (born Patrick Duteil in 1955 in Argenteuil, Val-d'Oise), better known as Sidney, is a French musician, rapper, DJ, television and radio host, and occasional actor of guadeloupean origin.
Signifyin' (sometimes written "signifyin(g)") (vernacular), is a form of wordplay.
Sir Lord Comic is one of the original Jamaican deejays.
SlaughtaHouse is the first album from hip hop group Masta Ace Incorporated, and the second overall album from rapper Masta Ace.
Richard Martin Lloyd Walters (born January 14, 1965); better known as Slick Rick, Rick The Ruler and MC Ricky D, is a British-born American rapper.
Sly and Robbie are a prolific Jamaican rhythm section and production duo, associated primarily with the reggae and dub genres.
Calvin Cordozar Broadus Jr. (born October 20, 1971), known professionally as Snoop Dogg, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer, television personality and actor.
Solesides was an underground hip hop label based in Northern California, founded in 1991.
Somalis (Soomaali, صوماليون) are an ethnic group inhabiting the Horn of Africa (Somali Peninsula).
Walter Theodore "Sonny" Rollins (born September 7, 1930) is an American jazz tenor saxophonist who is widely recognized as one of the most important and influential jazz musicians.
Soul Food is the acclaimed debut album from American rap group Goodie Mob, released by LaFace Records.
Soul music (often referred to simply as soul) is a popular music genre that originated in the African American community in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
DeAndre Cortez Way (born July 28, 1990), known professionally as Soulja Boy Tell 'Em, or simply Soulja Boy, is an American rapper, record producer, actor and entrepreneur.
Souljaboytellem.com is the second studio album by American hip hop recording artist and producer Soulja Boy Tell 'Em.
Souls of Mischief is a hip hop group from Oakland, California, that is also part of the hip hop collective Hieroglyphics.
A sound effect (or audio effect) is an artificially created or enhanced sound, or sound process used to emphasize artistic or other content of films, television shows, live performance, animation, video games, music, or other media.
A sound reinforcement system is the combination of microphones, signal processors, amplifiers, and loudspeakers in enclosures all controlled by a mixing console that makes live or pre-recorded sounds louder and may also distribute those sounds to a larger or more distant audience.
SoundCloud is an online audio distribution platform based in Berlin, Germany that enables its users to upload, promote, and share their originally-created audio.
SoundCloud rap is a music scene and microgenre that originated on the online audio distribution platform SoundCloud.
Southern hip hop, also known as Southern rap, South Coast hip hop, or Dirty South, is a blanket term for a regional genre of American hip hop music that emerged in the Southern United States, especially in Atlanta, New Orleans, Houston, Memphis, and Miami—the five of which constitute the "Southern Network" in rap music.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Speakerboxxx/The Love Below is the fifth studio album by American hip hop duo Outkast.
The Special Period in Time of Peace (Período especial) in Cuba was an extended period of economic crisis that began in 1989 primarily due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union and, by extension, the Comecon.
Spin is an American music magazine founded in 1985 by publisher Bob Guccione, Jr. The magazine stopped running in print in 2012 and currently runs as a webzine.
Spoken word is a performance art that is word based.
Gabriel Jackson (born May 27, 1963), better known by his stage name Spoonie Gee is one of the earliest rap artists, and one of the few rap artists to release records in the 1970s.
Spotify Technology SA is a Swedish entertainment company founded by Daniel Ek and Martin Lorentzon.
Sprite is a colorless, caffeine-free, lemon- and lime-flavored soft drink created by The Coca-Cola Company.
Straight Outta Compton is the debut studio album by American hip hop group N.W.A, released August 8, 1988, on group member Eazy-E's record label Ruthless Records.
Style Wars is an American 1983 documentary film on hip hop culture and its American roots, directed by Tony Silver and produced in collaboration with Henry Chalfant.
A subculture is a group of people within a culture that differentiates itself from the parent culture to which it belongs, often maintaining some of its founding principles.
Ya'akov "Kobi" Shimoni (Hebrew: יעקב "קובי" שמעוני, born November 13, 1979), generally known by his stage name Subliminal (סאבלימינל), is an Israeli rapper and record producer.
Sudden Rush is a nā mele paleoleo (Hawaiian hip hop/rap) group from Hilo, Hawaii, comprising Shane Veincent ("Kid Dynomite"), Caleb Richards ("Red Eye"/"Pakalo"), Don Ke'ala Kawa'auhau Jr.
Sugar Hill Records is an American bluegrass and Americana record label.
Sugar Hill Records was a record label specializing in hip hop music that was founded in 1979 by husband and wife Joe and Sylvia Robinson with Milton Malden and financial funding of Morris Levy, the owner of Roulette Records.
The State University of New York Press (or SUNY Press), is a university press and a Center for Scholarly Communication.
Suprême NTM (or simply NTM) is a French hip hop group formed in 1989 in the Seine-Saint-Denis département.
Sway Calloway (born July 3, 1970), better known mononymously as Sway, is an American rapper and reporter and executive producer for MTV News.
Synchronization is the coordination of events to operate a system in unison.
A synthesizer (often abbreviated as synth, also spelled synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones.
Clifford Joseph Harris Jr. (born September 25, 1980), known professionally as T.I. and Tip (often stylized as TIP or T.I.P.), is an American rapper and actor.
Take Care is the second studio album by Canadian rapper Drake.
Talking blues is a form of folk music and country music.
Tamer Nafar (born June 6, 1979) is a Palestinian rapper, actor, screenwriter and social activist.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
Tap dance is a form of dance characterized by using the sounds of tap shoes striking the floor as a form of percussion.
Taymor Travon McIntyre, better known by his stage name Tay-K, is an American rapper from Arlington, Texas.
Aaron Dontez Yates (born November 8, 1971), better known as Tech N9ne (pronounced "Tech Nine"), is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer, actor, and entrepreneur.
Techno is a form of electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan, in the United States during the mid-to-late 1980s.
A teen idol is a celebrity with a large teenage fan-base.
Tegui Calderón Rosario (born February 1, 1972) is a Puerto Rican hip hop recording artist and actor.
Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
Tha Alkaholiks, also known as Tha Liks, is an American hip hop trio from Los Angeles, California.
"The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel" is a single released by Grandmaster Flash in 1981.
The Black Eyed Peas (originally simply Black Eyed Peas) are an American musical group, consisting of rappers will.i.am, apl.de.ap, and Taboo, and formerly Fergie.
The Blueprint 3 is the eleventh studio album by American rapper Jay-Z, released September 8, 2009, on Roc Nation, through distribution from Atlantic Records.
The Bomb Squad is an American hip hop production team, known for its work with the hip hop group Public Enemy.
"The Breaks" is a 1980 single by Kurtis Blow from his self-titled debut album.
The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, in the U.S. state of New York.
The Chronic is the debut studio album by American hip hop recording artist Dr. Dre.
The Cold Crush Brothers are an American hip hop group that formed in 1978 in the Bronx, New York City, New York.
The Cool Kids is an American alternative hip hop duo composed of rappers Antoine "Sir Michael Rocks" Reed (originally from Matteson, Illinois) and Evan "Chuck Inglish" Ingersoll (originally from Mount Clemens, Michigan).
The Dozens is a game of spoken words between two contestants, common in black communities of the United States, where participants insult each other until one gives up.
The Fat Boys are an American hip hop trio from Brooklyn, New York City, who emerged in the early 1980s.
The Geto Boys is a remix album by the Geto Boys released in 1990.
The Glitch Mob is an American electronic music group from Los Angeles, California.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Infamous (stylized as The Infamous...) is the second studio album by the American hip hop duo Mobb Deep.
The Journal of African American History, formerly The Journal of Negro History (1916–2001), is a quarterly academic journal covering African American life and history.
The Last Poets are several groups of poets and musicians who arose from the late 1960s African-American civil rights movement's black nationalism.
The Life of Pablo is the seventh studio album by American rapper and recording artist Kanye West, released on February 14, 2016 by GOOD Music and Def Jam Recordings.
The Marshall Mathers LP is the third studio album by American rapper Eminem, released on May 23, 2000 by Aftermath Entertainment and Interscope Records.
The Master Scratch Band are a group considered to have started Serbian hip hop in the early 1980s with their Degout EP, which was released through Jugoton in the year 1984.
The Mean Machine was a rap group composed of Puerto Ricans who rapped in both English and Spanish.
"The Message" is a song by Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Christopher George Latore Wallace (May 21, 1972 – March 9, 1997), known professionally as The Notorious B.I.G., Biggie Smalls, or simply Biggie, was an American rapper.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
People's Choice or The People's Choice may refer to.
The Pharcyde (pronounced "far side") is an American alternative hip hop group, formed in 1989, from South Central Los Angeles.
The Roots is an American hip hop band, formed in 1987 by Tariq "Black Thought" Trotter and Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
The Sequence was an American female hip–hop trio from Columbia, South Carolina, who formed in 1979.
The Slim Shady LP is the second studio album and major-label debut by American rapper Eminem, released on February 23, 1999 by Aftermath Entertainment and Interscope Records.
The Source is a United States-based monthly full-color magazine covering hip-hop music, politics, and culture, founded in 1988.
The Streets is an English alternative hip hop music group from Birmingham, England, led by the vocalist and multi-instrumentalist Mike Skinner.
The Sugarhill Gang is an American hip hop group.
The Terminator is a 1984 American science-fiction action film directed by James Cameron.
The Village Voice is an American news and culture paper, known for being the country's first alternative newsweekly.
The Waitresses were an experimental post-punk band from Akron, Ohio, known for their singles "I Know What Boys Like" and "Christmas Wrapping".
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Time 100 (often written in all-caps as TIME 100) is an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world assembled by the American news magazine Time.
The time signature (also known as meter signature, metre signature, or measure signature) is a notational convention used in Western musical notation to specify how many beats (pulses) are to be contained in each measure (bar) and which note value is equivalent to one beat.
To Pimp a Butterfly is the third studio album by American rapper Kendrick Lamar.
Tommy Boy Music is an American independent record label founded in 1981 by Tom Silverman.
Anthony Terrell Smith (born March 3, 1966), better known by his stage name Tone Loc (stylized as Tone Lōc), is an American rapper and actor.
Trans-Europe Express (Trans Europa Express) is the sixth studio album by German electronic music band Kraftwerk.
Trap is a style of popular music that developed in the late 1990s to early 2000s from Southern hip hop in the United States.
Trash-talk is a form of insult usually found in sports events.
Jacques Webster (born April 30, 1991), known professionally as Travis Scott (formerly stylized as Travi$ Scott), is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, and record producer.
Trip hop (sometimes used synonymously with "downtempo") is a musical genre that originated in the early 1990s in the United Kingdom, especially Bristol.
Tupac Amaru Shakur (born Lesane Parish Crooks; June 16, 1971September 13, 1996), also known by his stage names Tupac, 2Pac and Makaveli, was an American rapper and actor.
Turkish hip hop refers to hip hop music produced by members of the Turkish minority in Germany, and to a lesser degree by hip hop artists in Turkey.
Turkish people or the Turks (Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language.
Turntablism is the art of manipulating sounds and creating new music, sound effects, mixes and other creative sounds and beats, typically by using two or more turntables and a cross fader-equipped DJ mixer.
Carl Terrell Mitchell (born November 27, 1973), better known by his stage name Twista (formerly Tung Twista), is an American rapper.
"U Can't Touch This" is a song co-written, produced and performed by MC Hammer from his 1990 album Please Hammer, Don't Hurt 'Em.
Ewart Beckford OD (born 21 September 1942), known by the stage name U-Roy, is a Jamaican vocalist and pioneer of toasting.
UGK (short for Underground Kingz) was an American hip hop duo from Port Arthur, Texas, formed in 1987, by Chad "Pimp C" Butler and Bernard "Bun B" Freeman.
Ugly Duckling is an American hip hop group that formed around 1993 in Long Beach, California.
UK garage (also known as UKG) is a genre of electronic music originating from England in the early 1990s.
The Ultramagnetic MCs is an American hip hop group based in Bronx, New York.
Underground music comprises musical genres beyond mainstream culture.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The Universal Zulu Nation is an international hip hop awareness group formed and formerly headed by hip hop artist Afrika Bambaataa.
The University of Calgary (U of C or UCalgary) is a public research university located in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Urban contemporary is a music radio format.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Valete is a Portuguese language political hip hop artist named Keidje Lima that has enjoyed some critical success in his home country of Portugal.
Robert Matthew Van Winkle (born October 31, 1967), known professionally as Vanilla Ice, is an American rapper, actor, and television host.
Vibe is an American music and entertainment magazine founded by producer Quincy Jones.
Vice is a Canadian-American print magazine focused on arts, culture, and news topics.
Juaquin James Malphurs (born May 31, 1986), better known as Waka Flocka Flame or simply Waka Flocka, is an American rapper.
Olubowale Victor Akintimehin (born September 21, 1984), better known by his stage name Wale, is an American recording artist, record producer and actor.
Warner Media, LLC (formerly Time Warner Inc.), doing business as WarnerMedia, is an American multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered in New York City and owned by AT&T.
Warp 9, was a science-fiction-themed electro-funk and hip hop trio, best known for its influential singles "Nunk," "Light Years Away," and "Beat Wave," which ranked among the most iconic groups of the electro hip hop era.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
We Can't Be Stopped is the third studio album by Geto Boys, released on July 9, 1991.
We Got It from Here...
WERD was the first radio station owned and programmed by African Americans.
Wesleyan University Press is a university press that is part of Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut.
West Coast hip hop is a hip hop music regional genre that encompasses any artists or music that originate in the West Coast region of the United States.
"Who Am I? (What's My Name?)" (commonly titled "What's My Name?") is the solo debut single by American hip hop recording artist Snoop Doggy Dogg.
Whodini is a hip hop group that was formed in 1981.
Wild Style is an American 1983 hip hop film produced by Charlie Ahearn.
"Wild Thing" is a single by American rapper Tone Lōc from his 1989 album Lōc-ed After Dark.
Richard Kylea Cowie Jr, (born 19 January 1979), better known by his stage name Wiley and in his early career Wiley Kat, is an English rapper, recording artist, record producer from Bow, East London.
WLAC is a clear channel radio station based in Nashville, Tennessee.
Wonky (also known as purple sound, aquacrunk, or lazer hip hop) is a subgenre of electronic music known primarily for its off-kilter or “unstable” beats, as well as its eclectic blend of genres including hip hop, ‘80s electro-funk, 8-bit music, jazz fusion, glitch, and crunk.
Word...Life is the debut album from underground hip hop artist O.C., who came to prominence in hip hop because of the album.
Wu-Tang Clan is an American hip hop group from Staten Island, New York City, originally composed of East Coast rappers RZA, GZA, Ol' Dirty Bastard, Method Man, Raekwon, Ghostface Killah, Inspectah Deck, U-God and Masta Killa.
WYLL 1160 is a "Christian Talk & Teaching" radio station located in Chicago, Illinois and owned by Salem Communications.
Jahseh Dwayne Ricardo Onfroy (January 23, 1998 – June 18, 2018), known professionally as XXXTentacion, was an American rapper, singer, and songwriter.
Yeezus is the sixth studio album by American rapper Kanye West.
Yellow Magic Orchestra (YMO) is a Japanese electronic music band formed in Tokyo in 1978 by Haruomi Hosono (bass, keyboards, vocals), Yukihiro Takahashi (drums, lead vocals) and Ryuichi Sakamoto (keyboards, vocals).
The Ying Yang Twins are an American hip hop duo consisting of Kaine (born Eric Jackson on December 16, 1978) and D-Roc (born Deongelo Holmes on February 23, 1979).
Jeffery Lamar Williams (born August 16, 1991), known professionally as Young Thug, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, and record producer.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
Josiel Amon Robinson (born April 2, 1983), better known by his stage name Yung Joc, is an American hip hop recording artist.
Jonatan Leandoer Håstad (born 18 July 1996), better known by his stage name Yung Lean, is a Swedish singer, songwriter, rapper, fashion designer and record producer from Södermalm, Stockholm.
Zionism (צִיּוֹנוּת Tsiyyonut after Zion) is the national movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (roughly corresponding to Canaan, the Holy Land, or the region of Palestine).
The 12-inch single (often simply called 12″) is a type of gramophone record that has wider groove spacing and shorter playing time compared to typical LPs.
Tauheed Epps (born September 12, 1977), known professionally as 2 Chainz (formerly Tity Boi), is an American rapper.
"2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted" is a West Coast hip hop song written by 2Pac, Snoop Doggy Dogg and Daz Dillinger for 2Pac's 1996 double album All Eyez on Me.
3 Years, 5 Months and 2 Days in the Life Of... is the debut album by American hip hop group Arrested Development, released on March 24, 1992.
3rd Bass was an American hip-hop group that rose to fame in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and was notable for being one of the first successful interracial hip-hop groups.
The 46th Annual Grammy Awards were held on February 8, 2004 at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, California.
Curtis James Jackson III (born July 6, 1975), known professionally as 50 Cent, is an American rapper, actor, businessman, and investor.
The 59th Annual Grammy Awards ceremony was held on February 12, 2017.
"6 in the Mornin'" is a song by Ice-T. Released in 1986 as the B-side of "Dog 'N the Wax (Ya Don't Quit-Part II)", the song is considered to be one of the defining tracks of the gangsta rap genre.
Daniel Hernandez (born May 8, 1996), known professionally as 6ix9ine (pronounced "six nine"), is an American rapper.
"7/11" is a song recorded by American singer Beyoncé from the reissue of her fifth studio album Beyoncé (2013), subtitled Platinum Edition (2014).
808s & Heartbreak is the fourth studio album by American hip hop producer and vocalist Kanye West.
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