223 relations: A cappella, Abdomen, Accompaniment, America's Got Talent, American Idol, Amplifier, Anatomy, Ancient Greece, Aria, Art music, Art song, Artists and repertoire, Audition, Auto-Tune, Backing vocalist, Baritone, Bass (voice type), Beat (music), Beatboxing, Bel canto, Bellows, Belting (music), Big band, Bird, Blue note, Blues, Blues rock, Boy soprano, Breathing, Career, Carl Fischer Music, Chanson, Chest voice, Chiaroscuro (music), Child singer, Chinese opera, Choir, Classical music, Coloratura, Composer, Concert, Consonant, Contemporary commercial music, Contralto, Countertenor, Country music, Crooner, Culture, Death growl, Deejay (Jamaican), ..., Descant, Ear, Easy listening, Electronic dance music, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, Extended vocal technique, External intercostal muscles, Fach, Falsetto, Filmi, Folk music, Formant, Ghazal, Gibbon, Gospel music, Hardcore punk, Harmony, Head voice, Heavy metal music, Hindustani classical music, Hip hop, Human mouth, Human voice, Humming, Immune system, Improvisation, Indiana University, Indiana University Press, Internal intercostal muscles, Isicathamiya, Jazz, Jerome of Moravia, Johannes de Garlandia (music theorist), John Wiley & Sons, Journal of Applied Physiology, Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Journal of Singing, Justin Bieber, Larynx, Lead vocalist, Learning, Legato, Lied, Linguistics, Lip, Lip sync, List of multilingual bands and artists, List of opera directors, List of voice disorders, Lists of composers, Loudness, Lyrics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mbube (genre), Melody, Mezzo-soprano, Microphone, Milli Vanilli, Modal voice, Music, Music director, Music education, Music genre, Music of Latin America, Musical composition, Musical ensemble, Musical instrument, Musical theatre, Nasal cavity, National Association of Teachers of Singing, Neck, Neuroplasticity, Oliver Ditson, Onomatopoeia, Opera, Orchestra, Overtone singing, Oxford University Press, Palate, Paranasal sinuses, Passaggio, Penguin Books, Pharynx, Phonation, Phonetics, Phonology, Pitch (music), Pitch correction, Place of articulation, Pop music, Popular music, Practice (learning method), Prentice Hall, Public address system, Rapping, Recitative, Record label, Record producer, Reed (mouthpiece), Religious music, Resonance, Rhyme, Rhythm, Rhythm guitar, Rising Star (franchise), Rock music, Royal Society for Public Health, Sa Re Ga Ma Pa, Scalene muscles, Scat singing, Scientific American, Screaming (music), Sight-reading, Sing-along, Singer-songwriter, Slate (magazine), Song, Soprano, Sostenuto, Spandrel (biology), Speech, Speech-language pathology, Sprechgesang, Sternocleidomastoid muscle, Streaming media, Stress (biology), Telegraph Media Group, Tenor, Tenovus Cancer Care, Tessitura, The Daily Telegraph, The Globe and Mail, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, The Sing-Off, The Voice (U.S. TV series), The X Factor, Thoracic diaphragm, Thorax, Throat singing, Timbre, Tonality, Tone (linguistics), Tongue, Tooth, Trachea, University of Southern California, University of Toronto Press, Vibrato, Vibrator (mechanical), Vocal coach, Vocal folds, Vocal fry register, Vocal music, Vocal pedagogy, Vocal range, Vocal register, Vocal resonation, Vocal weight, Vocalese, Vocoder, Voice projection, Voice type, Vowel, Whale, Whistle register, William Vennard, Wind instrument, Winsingad, World music, Yehudi Menuhin, Yodeling, YouTube, Zee TV. Expand index (173 more) » « Shrink index
A cappella (Italian for "in the manner of the chapel") music is specifically group or solo singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way.
The abdomen (less formally called the belly, stomach, tummy or midriff) constitutes the part of the body between the thorax (chest) and pelvis, in humans and in other vertebrates.
Accompaniment is the musical part which provides the rhythmic and/or harmonic support for the melody or main themes of a song or instrumental piece.
America's Got Talent (often abbreviated as AGT) is an American reality television series on the NBC television network, and part of the global Got Talent franchise.
American Idol is an American singing competition television series created by Simon Fuller, produced by FremantleMedia North America and 19 Entertainment, and distributed by FremantleMedia North America.
An amplifier, electronic amplifier or (informally) amp is an electronic device that can increase the power of a signal (a time-varying voltage or current).
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
An aria (air; plural: arie, or arias in common usage, diminutive form arietta or ariette) in music was originally any expressive melody, usually, but not always, performed by a singer.
Art music (alternately called classical music, cultivated music, serious music, and canonic music) is music that implies advanced structural and theoretical considerationsJacques Siron, "Musique Savante (Serious music)", Dictionnaire des mots de la musique (Paris: Outre Mesure): 242.
An art song is a vocal music composition, usually written for one voice with piano accompaniment, and usually in the classical art music tradition.
Artists and repertoire (A&R) is the division of a record label or music publishing company that is responsible for talent scouting and overseeing the artistic development of recording artists and songwriters.
An audition is a sample performance by an actor, singer, musician, dancer or other performer.
Auto-Tune is an audio processor created by Antares Audio Technologies which uses a proprietary device to measure and alter pitch in vocal and instrumental music recording and performances.
Backing vocalists are singers who provide vocal harmony with the lead vocalist or other backing vocalists.
A baritone is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice types.
A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.
In music and music theory, the beat is the basic unit of time, the pulse (regularly repeating event), of the mensural level (or beat level).
Beatboxing (also beat boxing or b-boxing) is a form of vocal percussion primarily involving the art of mimicking drum machines (typically a TR-808), using one's mouth, lips, tongue, and voice.
Bel canto (Italian for "beautiful singing" or "beautiful song"), along with a number of similar constructions ("bellezze del canto"/"bell'arte del canto"), is a term relating to Italian singing.
A bellows or pair of bellows is a device constructed to furnish a strong blast of air.
Belting (or vocal belting) is a specific technique of singing by which a singer mixes in the proper proportions, their lower and upper resonances; resulting a sound that resembles yelling but is actually a controlled, sustained phonation.
A big band is a type of musical ensemble that usually consists of ten or more musicians with four sections: saxophones, trumpets, trombones, and a rhythm section.
Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.
In jazz and blues, a blue note (also "worried" note) is a note that—for expressive purposes—is sung or played at a slightly different pitch than standard.
Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
Blues rock is a fusion genre combining elements of blues and rock.
A boy soprano is a young male singer with an unchanged voice in the soprano range.
Breathing (or respiration, or ventilation) is the process of moving air into and out of the lungs to facilitate gas exchange with the internal environment, mostly by bringing in oxygen and flushing out carbon dioxide.
A career is an individual's metaphorical "journey" through learning, work and other aspects of life.
Carl Fischer Music is a major sheet music publisher, based in New York City’s East Village since 1872.
A chanson ("song", from Latin cantio, gen. cantionis) is in general any lyric-driven French song, usually polyphonic and secular.
Chest voice is a term used within vocal music.
(Italian for "light-dark") is part of bel canto, an originally Italian classical singing technique in which a brilliant sound referred to as squillo is coupled with a dark timbre called.
A child singer is someone who has a career as a singer and started professionally as one before adulthood.
Traditional Chinese opera, or Xiqu, is a popular form of drama and musical theatre in China with roots going back to the early periods in China.
A choir (also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
The word coloratura is originally from Italian, literally meaning "coloring", and derives from the Latin word colorare ("to color").
A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.
A concert is a live music performance in front of an audience.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
Contemporary commercial music or CCM is a term used by some vocal pedagogists in the United States of America to refer to non-classical music.
A contralto is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range is the lowest female voice type.
A countertenor (also contra tenor) is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is equivalent to that of the female contralto or mezzo-soprano voice types, generally extending from around G3 to D5 or E5, although a sopranist (a specific kind of countertenor) may match the soprano's range of around C4 to C6.
Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.
Crooner is an American epithet given primarily to male singers of jazz standards, mostly from the Great American Songbook, backed by either a full orchestra, a big band or a piano.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
A death growl (or simply a growl) is a vocal style (an extended vocal technique) usually employed by death metal singers but also used in other heavy metal styles, such as metalcore.
In Jamaican music, a deejay (DJ) is a reggae or dancehall musician who sings and "toasts" to an instrumental riddim.
Descant, discant, or can refer to several different things in music, depending on the period in question; etymologically, the word means a voice (cantus) above or removed from others.
The ear is the organ of hearing and, in mammals, balance.
Easy listening (sometimes known as mood music) is a popular music genre and radio format that was most popular during the 1950s to 1970s.
Electronic dance music (also known as EDM, dance music, club music, or simply dance) is a broad range of percussive electronic music genres made largely for nightclubs, raves, and festivals.
Encyclopædia Britannica Online is the website of Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. and its Encyclopædia Britannica, with more than 120,000 articles that are updated regularly.
Vocalists are capable of producing a variety of extended technique sounds.
The external intercostal muscles, or external intercostals (Intercostales externi) are eleven in number on both sides.
The German system (literally "compartment" or "subject of study", here in the sense of "vocal specialization") is a method of classifying singers, primarily opera singers, according to the range, weight, and color of their voices.
Falsetto (Italian diminutive of falso, "false") is the vocal register occupying the frequency range just above the modal voice register and overlapping with it by approximately one octave.
Filmi ("of films") music soundtracks are produced for India's mainstream motion picture industry and written and performed for Indian cinema.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
A formant, as defined by James Jeans, is a harmonic of a note that is augmented by a resonance.
The ghazal (غزَل, غزل, غزل), a type of amatory poem or ode, originating in Arabic poetry.
Gibbons are apes in the family Hylobatidae.
Gospel music is a genre of Christian music.
Hardcore punk (often abbreviated to hardcore) is a punk rock music genre and subculture that originated in the late 1970s.
In music, harmony considers the process by which the composition of individual sounds, or superpositions of sounds, is analysed by hearing.
In vocal music, the head voice, depending on vocal pedagogy, is a particular part of the vocal range, or type of vocal register, or a vocal resonance area.
Heavy metal (or simply metal) is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom.
Hindustani classical music is the traditional music of northern areas of the Indian subcontinent, including the modern states of India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
Hip hop, or hip-hop, is a subculture and art movement developed in the Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s.
In human anatomy, the mouth is the first portion of the alimentary canal that receives food and produces saliva.
The human voice consists of sound made by a human being using the vocal tract, such as talking, singing, laughing, crying, screaming, etc.
A hum is a sound made by producing a wordless tone with the mouth opened or closed, forcing the sound to emerge from the nose.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
Improvisation is creating or performing something spontaneously or making something from whatever is available.
Indiana University (IU) is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States.
Indiana University Press, also known as IU Press, is an academic publisher founded in 1950 at Indiana University that specializes in the humanities and social sciences.
The internal intercostal muscles (intercostales interni) are a group of skeletal muscles located between the ribs.
Isicathamiya (with the "c" pronounced as a dental click) is a singing style that originated from the South African Zulus.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jerome of Moravia (or Hieronymus de Moravia) (died after 1271) was a medieval music theorist.
Johannes de Garlandia (Johannes Gallicus) (fl. c. 1270 – 1320) was a French music theorist of the late ars antiqua period of medieval music.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
The Journal of Applied Physiology is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal of physiology published by the American Physiological Society.
The Journal of Behavioral Medicine is an interdisciplinary medical journal published by Springer, addressing the interactions of the behavioral sciences with other fields of medicine.
The Journal of Singing is the peer-reviewed journal sponsored and published by the National Association of Teachers of Singing (NATS).
Justin Drew Bieber (born March 1, 1994) is a Canadian singer, actor and songwriter.
The larynx, commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the top of the neck of tetrapods involved in breathing, producing sound, and protecting the trachea against food aspiration.
The lead vocalist (or main vocalist, lead vocals or lead singer) in popular music is typically the member of a group or band whose voice is the most prominent in a performance where multiple voices may be heard.
Learning is the process of acquiring new or modifying existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.
In music performance and notation, legato (Italian for "tied together"; French lié; German gebunden) indicates that musical notes are played or sung smoothly and connected.
The lied (plural lieder;, plural, German for "song") is a setting of a German poem to classical music.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
Lips are a visible body part at the mouth of humans and many animals.
Lip sync (short for lip synchronization) is a technical term for matching a speaking or singing person's lip movements with prerecorded sung or spoken vocals that listeners hear, either through the sound reinforcement system in a live performance or via television, computer, cinema speakers, or generally anything with audio output in other cases.
This is a list of multilingual bands and artists.
This list of opera directors is a list of notable stage producers and directors who have worked, or are working, in the opera world.
Voice disorders are medical conditions involving abnormal pitch, loudness or quality of the sound produced by the larynx and thereby affecting speech production.
This is a list of lists of composers grouped by various criteria.
In acoustics, loudness is the subjective perception of sound pressure.
Lyrics are words that make up a song usually consisting of verses and choruses.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Mbube is a form of South African vocal music, made famous by the South African group Ladysmith Black Mambazo.
A melody (from Greek μελῳδία, melōidía, "singing, chanting"), also tune, voice, or line, is a linear succession of musical tones that the listener perceives as a single entity.
A mezzo-soprano or mezzo (meaning "half soprano") is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range lies between the soprano and the contralto voice types.
A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.
Milli Vanilli was a German R&B duo from Munich.
Modal voice is the vocal register used most frequently in speech and singing in most languages.
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.
A music director, musical director, or director of music may be the director of an orchestra or concert band, the director of music for a film, the director of music at a radio station, the head of the music department in a school, the coordinator of the musical ensembles in a university, college, or institution (but not usually the head of the academic music department), the head bandmaster of a military band, the head organist and choirmaster of a church, or an Organist and Master of the Choristers (a title given to a Director of Music at a cathedral, particularly in England).
Music education is a field of study associated with the teaching and learning of music.
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.
The music of Latin America refers to music originating from Latin America, namely the Romance-speaking countries and territories of the Americas and the Caribbean south of the United States.
Musical composition can refer to an original piece of music, either a song or an instrumental music piece, the structure of a musical piece, or the process of creating or writing a new song or piece of music.
A musical ensemble, also known as a music group or musical group, is a group of people who perform instrumental or vocal music, with the ensemble typically known by a distinct name.
A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds.
Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance.
The nasal cavity (nasal fossa, or nasal passage) is a large air filled space above and behind the nose in the middle of the face.
The National Association of Teachers of Singing (NATS) is a professional organization for singing teachers, and it is the largest association of its kind in the world.
The neck is the part of the body, on many vertebrates, that separates the head from the torso.
Neuroplasticity, also known as brain plasticity and neural plasticity, is the ability of the brain to change throughout an individual's life, e.g., brain activity associated with a given function can be transferred to a different location, the proportion of grey matter can change, and synapses may strengthen or weaken over time.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Oliver Ditson (October 20, 1811 – December 21, 1888) was an American businessman and founder of Oliver Ditson and Company, one of the major music publishing houses of the late 19th century.
An onomatopoeia (from the Greek ὀνοματοποιία; ὄνομα for "name" and ποιέω for "I make", adjectival form: "onomatopoeic" or "onomatopoetic") is a word that phonetically imitates, resembles or suggests the sound that it describes.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.
Overtone singing – also known as overtone chanting, harmonic singing or throat singing – is a type of singing in which the singer manipulates the resonances (or formants) created as air travels from the lungs, past the vocal folds, and out of the lips to produce a melody.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The palate is the roof of the mouth in humans and other mammals.
Paranasal sinuses are a group of four paired air-filled spaces that surround the nasal cavity.
Passaggio is a term used in classical singing to describe the transition area between the vocal registers.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
The pharynx (plural: pharynges) is the part of the throat that is behind the mouth and nasal cavity and above the esophagus and the larynx, or the tubes going down to the stomach and the lungs.
The term phonation has slightly different meanings depending on the subfield of phonetics.
Phonetics (pronounced) is the branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
Pitch correction is an electronic effects unit or audio software that changes the intonation (highness or lowness in pitch) of an audio signal so that all pitches will be notes from the equally tempered system (i.e., like the pitches on a piano).
In articulatory phonetics, the place of articulation (also point of articulation) of a consonant is the point of contact where an obstruction occurs in the vocal tract between an articulatory gesture, an active articulator (typically some part of the tongue), and a passive location (typically some part of the roof of the mouth).
Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
Practice or practise is the act of rehearsing a behavior over and over, or engaging in an activity again and again, for the purpose of improving or mastering it, as in the phrase "practise makes perfect".
Prentice Hall is a major educational publisher owned by Pearson plc.
A public address system (PA system) is an electronic system comprising microphones, amplifiers, loudspeakers, and related equipment.
Rapping (or rhyming, spitting, emceeing, MCing) is a musical form of vocal delivery that incorporates "rhyme, rhythmic speech, and street vernacular", which is performed or chanted in a variety of ways, usually over a backbeat or musical accompaniment.
Recitative (also known by its Italian name "recitativo") is a style of delivery (much used in operas, oratorios, and cantatas) in which a singer is allowed to adopt the rhythms of ordinary speech.
A record label, or record company, is a brand or trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos.
A record producer or track producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album.
A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to produce a sound on a musical instrument.
Religious music (also sacred music) is music performed or composed for religious use or through religious influence.
In physics, resonance is a phenomenon in which a vibrating system or external force drives another system to oscillate with greater amplitude at specific frequencies.
A rhyme is a repetition of similar sounds (or the same sound) in two or more words, most often in the final syllables of lines in poems and songs.
Rhythm (from Greek ῥυθμός, rhythmos, "any regular recurring motion, symmetry") generally means a "movement marked by the regulated succession of strong and weak elements, or of opposite or different conditions".
In music performances, rhythm guitar is a technique and role that performs a combination of two functions: to provide all or part of the rhythmic pulse in conjunction with other instruments from the rhythm section (e.g., drumkit, bass guitar); and to provide all or part of the harmony, i.e. the chords from a song's chord progression, where a chord is a group of notes played together.
Rising Star is an international reality television singing competition based on the Israeli singing competition HaKokhav HaBa (meaning "The Next Star") (Hebrew: הכוכב הבא) made by Keshet Broadcasting Ltd.
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
The Royal Society for Public Health (RSPH) is an independent, multi-disciplinary charity in Great Britain dedicated to the improvement of the public’s health and wellbeing.
Sa Re Ga Ma Pa is an Indian musical reality TV show.
The scalene muscles are a group of three pairs of muscles in the lateral neck, namely the anterior scalene, middle scalene, and posterior scalene.
In vocal jazz, scat singing is vocal improvisation with wordless vocables, nonsense syllables or without words at all.
Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.
Screaming is an extended vocal technique that is mostly popular in "aggressive" music genres such as heavy metal, punk rock, and noise music.
Sight-reading, also called a prima vista (Italian meaning "at first sight"), is the reading and performing of a piece of music or song in music notation that the performer has not seen before.
Sing-along, also called community singing or group singing, is an event of singing together at gatherings or parties, less formally than choir singing.
Singer-songwriters are musicians who write, compose, and perform their own musical material, including lyrics and melodies.
Slate is an online magazine that covers current affairs, politics, and culture in the United States from a liberal perspective.
A song, most broadly, is a single (and often standalone) work of music that is typically intended to be sung by the human voice with distinct and fixed pitches and patterns using sound and silence and a variety of forms that often include the repetition of sections.
A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.
In music, sostenuto is a term from Italian that means "sustained".
In evolutionary biology, a spandrel is a phenotypic characteristic that is a byproduct of the evolution of some other characteristic, rather than a direct product of adaptive selection.
Speech is the vocalized form of communication used by humans and some animals, which is based upon the syntactic combination of items drawn from the lexicon.
Speech-language pathology is a field of expertise practiced by a clinician known as a speech-language pathologist (SLP), also sometimes referred to as a speech and language therapist or a speech therapist. SLP is considered a "related health profession" along with audiology, optometry, occupational therapy, clinical psychology, physical therapy, and others.
Sprechgesang ("spoken singing") and Sprechstimme ("spoken voice") are expressionist vocal techniques between singing and speaking.
The sternocleidomastoid muscle (also known as sternomastoid, commonly abbreviated as SCM or simply referred to as sterno muscle), is a paired muscle in the superficial layers of the side of the neck.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
Physiological or biological stress is an organism's response to a stressor such as an environmental condition.
The Telegraph Media Group (TMG, previously the Telegraph Group) is the proprietor of The Daily Telegraph and The Sunday Telegraph.
Tenor is a type of classical male singing voice, whose vocal range is normally the highest male voice type, which lies between the baritone and countertenor voice types.
Tenovus Cancer Care is a British cancer charity that supports cancer patients and their families, funds cancer research and works to raise awareness of how to prevent cancer.
In music, tessitura (pl. tessiture, "texture") is the most esthetically acceptable and comfortable vocal range for a given singer or, less frequently, musical instrument; the range in which a given type of voice presents its best-sounding (or characteristic) timbre.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada.
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.
The Sing-Off is an American television singing competition featuring a cappella groups.
The Voice is an American singing competition television series broadcast on NBC.
The X Factor is a television music competition franchise created by British producer Simon Cowell and his company SYCOtv.
For other uses, see Diaphragm (disambiguation). The thoracic diaphragm, or simply the diaphragm (partition), is a sheet of internal skeletal muscle in humans and other mammals that extends across the bottom of the thoracic cavity.
The thorax or chest (from the Greek θώραξ thorax "breastplate, cuirass, corslet" via thorax) is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals located between the neck and the abdomen.
Throat singing may refer to.
In music, timbre (also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics) is the perceived sound quality of a musical note, sound or tone.
Tonality is the arrangement of pitches and/or chords of a musical work in a hierarchy of perceived relations, stabilities, attractions and directionality.
Tone is the use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words.
The tongue is a muscular organ in the mouth of most vertebrates that manipulates food for mastication, and is used in the act of swallowing.
A tooth (plural teeth) is a hard, calcified structure found in the jaws (or mouths) of many vertebrates and used to break down food.
The trachea, colloquially called the windpipe, is a cartilaginous tube that connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs, allowing the passage of air, and so is present in almost all air-breathing animals with lungs.
The University of Southern California (USC or SC) is a private research university in Los Angeles, California.
The University of Toronto Press is a Canadian scholarly publisher and book distributor founded in 1901.
Vibrato (Italian, from past participle of "vibrare", to vibrate) is a musical effect consisting of a regular, pulsating change of pitch.
A vibrator is a mechanical device to generate vibrations.
A vocal coach, also known as a voice coach (though this term often applies to those working with speech and communication rather than singing) is a music teacher, usually a piano accompanist, who helps singers prepare for a performance, often also helping them to improve their singing technique and take care of and develop their voice, but is not the same as a singing teacher (also called a "voice teacher").
The vocal folds, also known commonly as vocal cords or voice reeds, are composed of twin infoldings of mucous membrane stretched horizontally, from back to front, across the larynx.
The vocal fry register (also known as pulse register, laryngealization, pulse phonation, creak, croak, popcorning, glottal fry, glottal rattle, glottal scrape, or strohbass) is the lowest vocal register and is produced through a loose glottal closure that permits air to bubble through slowly with a popping or rattling sound of a very low frequency.
Vocal music is a type of music performed by one or more singers, either with instrumental accompaniment, or without instrumental accompaniment (a cappella), in which singing provides the main focus of the piece.
Vocal pedagogy is the study of the art and science of voice instruction.
Vocal range is the measure of the breadth of pitches that a human voice can phonate.
A vocal register is a range of tones in the human voice produced by a particular vibratory pattern of the vocal folds.
McKinney defines vocal resonance as "the process by which the basic product of phonation is enhanced in timbre and/or intensity by the air-filled cavities through which it passes on its way to the outside air." Throughout the vocal literature, various terms related to resonation are used, including: amplification, filtering, enrichment, enlargement, improvement, intensification, and prolongation.
Vocal weight refers to the perceived "lightness" or "heaviness" of a singing voice.
Vocalese is a style or musical genre of jazz singing wherein words are sung note for note to melodies that were originally created by a soloist's improvisation.
A vocoder (a portmanteau of voice encoder) is a category of voice codec that analyzes and synthesizes the human voice signal for audio data compression, multiplexing, voice encryption, voice transformation, etc.
Voice projection is the strength of speaking or singing whereby the voice is used loudly and clearly.
A voice type classifies a singing voice by vocal range, vocal weight, tessitura, vocal timbre, vocal transition points (passaggia) like breaks and lifts, and vocal register.
A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.
Whales are a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic placental marine mammals.
The whistle register (also called the flute register or whistle tone) is the highest register of the human voice, lying above the modal register and falsetto register.
William Vennard (31 January 1909 Normal, Illinois – 10 January 1971 Los Angeles, California) was a famous American vocal pedagogist who devoted his life to researching the human voice and its use in singing.
A wind instrument is a musical instrument that contains some type of resonator (usually a tube), in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing into (or over) a mouthpiece set at or near the end of the resonator.
WinSingad is a Microsoft Windows based software for singing training.
World music (also called global music or international music) is a musical category encompassing many different styles of music from around the globe, which includes many genres including some forms of Western music represented by folk music, as well as selected forms of ethnic music, indigenous music, neotraditional music, and music where more than one cultural tradition, such as ethnic music and Western popular music, intermingle.
Yehudi Menuhin, Baron Menuhin, (22 April 191612 March 1999) was an American-born violinist and conductor who spent most of his performing career in Britain.
Yodeling (also jodeling) is a form of singing which involves repeated and rapid changes of pitch between the low-pitch chest register (or "chest voice") and the high-pitch head register or falsetto.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
Zee TV (ज़ी टीवी) is an Indian cable and satellite television channel owned and operated by Zee Entertainment Enterprises, a media and entertainment company based in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
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