306 relations: A Story of Floating Weeds, Aardman Animations, Abel Gance, Abie's Irish Rose (1928 film), Aki Kaurismäki, Albert Capellani, Alexander Dovzhenko, Alloy Orchestra, American Theatre Organ Society, An Inn in Tokyo, Annabelle Moore, Annabelle Serpentine Dance, Arirang (1926 film), At the Moving Picture Ball, Audion, Auguste and Louis Lumière, Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ (1925 film), Benshi, Biograph Studios, Blancanieves, Body language, Borderline (1930 film), Brand upon the Brain!, British Board of Film Classification, Buster Keaton, Camera, Camille Saint-Saëns, Camp (style), Carl Davis, Carmine Coppola, Celluloid, Cellulose acetate film, Charles Lane (filmmaker), Charley Chase, Charlie Chaplin, Cinema of Brazil, Cinema of Japan, Cinematograph, City Girl (1930 film), City Lights, Classic Images, Classical Hollywood cinema, Cleopatra (1917 film), Close-up, Club Foot Orchestra, Competition law, Continuity editing, Cowboy, Dawson City, Dawson City: Frozen Time, ..., Dennis James (musician), Dialogue, Dolores del Río, Douglas Fairbanks, Dr. Plonk, Dye, Eadweard Muybridge, Earth (1930 film), Edison Studios, Edwin Carewe, Edwin S. Porter, Edwin Thanhouser, El Apóstol, Elisabeth Thuillier, Essanay Studios, Eugene Chadbourne, Evangeline (1929 film), F. W. Murnau, Facial expression, Fantasia (1940 film), Film, Film director, Film preservation, Film score, Film studio, Film tinting, Finland, Flesh and the Devil, Foley (filmmaking), Folio Weekly, For Heaven's Sake (1926 film), Fort Lee, New Jersey, Frame rate, Francis Ford Coppola, Freddie Mercury, French impressionist cinema, Galina Jovovich, Gaylord Carter, General Film Company, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1928 film), Georges Méliès, German Expressionism, Giorgio Moroder, Globe International Silent Film Festival, Gloria Swanson, Goat gland (filmmaking), Grasmere, Staten Island, Great Depression, Guinness World Records, Gus Van Sant, Guy Maddin, Harold Lloyd, Henry de La Falaise, History of film, Hou Hsiao-hsien, I Was Born, But..., Improvisation, Internet Archive, Internet Broadway Database, Intertitle, Isabella Rossellini, Jacques Tati, Jérôme Savary, Jon Anderson, Joseph Carl Breil, Juha (1999 film), Kalem Company, Kamal Hassan, Kammerspielfilm, Kenneth Macpherson, Kevin Brownlow, Kinemacolor, Kinetoscope, Kiss Me Again (1925 film), Ku Klux Klan, Lady of the Pavements, Lantern, Laurel and Hardy, Laurel and Hardy filmography, Legong (film), Lens (optics), Les Vacances de Monsieur Hulot, Library and Archives Canada, Library of Congress, Lillian Gish, List of highest-grossing films, List of motion picture film formats, List of rediscovered films, List of silent films released on 8 mm or Super 8 mm film, List of years in film, Lists of animated feature films, Lon Chaney, London After Midnight (film), Long shot, Lost film, Louis Le Prince, Lubin Manufacturing Company, Lupe Vélez, Magic lantern, Manhattan, Marshall Neilan, Mary Philbin, Maurice Tourneur, Mel Brooks, Melodrama, Metropolis (1927 film), Michel Hazanavicius, Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Milla Jovovich, Mime artist, Modern Times (film), Monopoly, Morph (animation), Motion Picture Patents Company, Movietone sound system, Mr. Bean, Musical improvisation, Napoléon (1927 film), Neil Brand, New Rochelle, New York, New York metropolitan area, Nickelodeon (film), Nitrocellulose, Nosferatu, Nosferatu the Vampyre, Operetta, Optical illusion, Orchestra, Organ (music), Orphans of the Storm, Orson Welles, Pablo Berger, Pancho Villa, Panning (camera), Passing Fancy, Pat Benatar, Patent, Pathé, Patrick Bokanowski, Pearl White, Peep show, Persistence of vision, Peter Bogdanovich, Peter Mark Roget, Phonofilm, Photograph, Photographic print toning, Photokinema, Photoplay music, Pianist, Piano, Pierre Étaix, Pushpaka Vimana (1987 film), RCA Photophone, Retronym, Right There (film), Roundhay Garden Scene, RPM Orchestra, Rudolph Valentino, Rupert Julian, Saved from the Titanic, Selig Polyscope Company, Serial film, Shadow of the Vampire, Shaun the Sheep, Shaun the Sheep Movie, Sheet music, Sidewalk Stories, Silent Movie, Silent Orchestra, Singin' in the Rain, Sound effect, Sound film, Sound recording and reproduction, Sound stage, Sound-on-disc, Sound-on-film, Soviet montage theory, Stanley Tucci, Staten Island, Stepan Razin, Sunset Boulevard (film), Tab show, Tabu: A Story of the South Seas, Technicolor, Telecine, Thanhouser Company, Thaumatrope, The Angel (1982 film), The Artist (film), The Assassination of the Duke of Guise, The Big Parade, The Birth of a Nation, The Bronx, The Call of Cthulhu, The Call of Cthulhu (film), The Circus (film), The Covered Wagon, The Exploits of Elaine, The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (film), The Goddess (1934 film), The Gold Diggers (1923 film), The Gold Rush, The Great Gatsby (1926 film), The Heart of the World, The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923 film), The Impostors, The Jazz Singer, The Kid (1921 film), The Life of General Villa, The Million Dollar Mystery, The Perils of Pauline (1914 serial), The Phantom of the Opera (1925 film), The Silent Enemy (1930 film), The Suitor, The Ten Commandments (1923 film), The Thief (1952 film), Theatre organ, Thierry Zéno, Thomas Edison, Three Times, Time-lapse photography, Timmy Time, Timothy Brock, Too Much Johnson, Turner Classic Movies, Tuvalu (film), Un Drame Musical Instantané, University of the Arts (Philadelphia), Vampire, Vampire films, Variety (magazine), Vase de Noces, Virginia Pearson, Vitagraph Studios, Vitaphone, War film, Warner Bros., Way Down East, Weimar Republic, Werner Herzog, West Orange, New Jersey, Western (genre), What Price Glory? (1926 film), Wild Bunch (company), William P. Perry, Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory, Wu Yonggang, Yasujirō Ozu, Yes (band), Yukon, 1894 in film, 1910s in film, 1929 in film, 35 mm film, 7th Heaven (1927 film). Expand index (256 more) » « Shrink index
is a 1934 silent film directed by Yasujirō Ozu which he later remade as Floating Weeds in 1959 in color.
Aardman Animations, Ltd., also known as Aardman Studios, or simply as Aardman, is a British animation studio based in Bristol.
Abel Gance (25 October 188910 November 1981) was a French film director and producer, writer and actor.
Abie's Irish Rose is a 1928 early talking (part-talkie) film directed by Victor Fleming, based on the play Abie's Irish Rose by Anne Nichols.
Aki Olavi Kaurismäki (born 4 April 1957) is a Finnish screenwriter and film director.
Albert Capellani (23 August 1874 – 26 September 1931) was a French film director and screenwriter of the silent era.
Alexander Petrovich Dovzhenko or Oleksander Petrovych Dovzhenko (Олександр Петрович Довженко, Oleksandr Petrovych Dovzhenko; Алекса́ндр Петро́вич Довже́нко, Aleksandr Petrovich Dovzhenko; November 25, 1956), was a Soviet screenwriter, film producer and director of Ukrainian origin.
Alloy Orchestra is a musical ensemble based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States, that performs its own accompaniments to silent films of the classic movie era.
The American Theatre Organ Society (ATOS) is an American non-profit organization, dedicated to preserving and promoting the theatre pipe organ and its musical art form.
is a 1935 silent film directed by Yasujirō Ozu.
Annabelle Moore (née Annabella Whitford) (July 6, 1878 – November 29, 1961), also known as Peerless Annabelle, was an American dancer and actress who appeared in numerous early silent films.
Annabelle Serpentine Dance is a short silent American film produced and distributed by Edison Manufacturing Company in 1895.
Arirang (Hangul: 아리랑) is a 1926 Korean silent film directed by Na Woon-gyu.
"At the Moving Picture Ball" is a popular song composed by Joseph H. Santly (né Joseph Harry Santly; 1886–1962) and recorded by many artists during the silent film era.
The Audion was an electronic detecting or amplifying vacuum tube invented by American electrical engineer Lee de Forest in 1906.
The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas; 19 October 1862 – 10 April 1954) and Louis Jean; 5 October 1864 – 7 June 1948), were among the first filmmakers in history. They patented an improved cinematograph, which in contrast to Thomas Edison's "peepshow" kinetoscope allowed simultaneous viewing by multiple parties.
Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ is a 1925 American epic silent adventure-drama film directed by Fred Niblo and written by June Mathis based on the 1880 novel Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ by General Lew Wallace.
were Japanese performers who provided live narration for silent films (both Japanese films and Western films).
Biograph Studios was an early film studio and laboratory complex, built in 1912 by the Biograph Company at 807 East 175th Street, in The Bronx, New York City, New York.
Blancanieves (known as Blancaneu in Catalan) is a 2012 Spanish black-and-white silent drama film written and directed by Pablo Berger.
Body language is a type of nonverbal communication in which physical behavior, as opposed to words, are used to express or convey information.
Borderline is a 1930 film, written and directed by Kenneth Macpherson and produced by the Pool Group in Territet, Switzerland.
Brand upon the Brain! (2006) is an avant-garde silent film directed by Guy Maddin and shot in Seattle with local actors.
The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC), previously the British Board of Film Censors, is a non-governmental organization, founded by the film industry in 1912 and responsible for the national classification and censorship of films exhibited at cinemas and video works (such as television programmes, trailers, adverts, public Information/campaigning films, menus, bonus content etc.) released on physical media within the United Kingdom.
Joseph Frank "Buster" Keaton (October 4, 1895 – February 1, 1966) was an American actor, comedian, film director, producer, screenwriter, and stunt performer.
A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both.
Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (9 October 183516 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era.
Camp is an aesthetic style and sensibility that regards something as appealing because of its bad taste and ironic value.
Carl Davis CBE (born October 28, 1936) is an American-born conductor and composer who has made his home in the United Kingdom since 1961.
Carmine Coppola (June 11, 1910 – April 26, 1991) was an American composer, flautist, editor, musical director, and songwriter who contributed original music to The Godfather, The Godfather Part II, Apocalypse Now, The Outsiders, and The Godfather Part III, all directed by his son Francis Ford Coppola.
Celluloids are a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents.
Cellulose acetate film, or safety film, is used in photography as a base material for photographic emulsions.
Charles Lane (born December 26, 1953) is an African-American actor and filmmaker.
Charley Chase (born Charles Joseph Parrott, October 20, 1893 – June 20, 1940) was an American comedian, actor, screenwriter and film director, best known for his work in Hal Roach short film comedies.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.
Brazilian cinema was introduced early in the 20th century but took some time to consolidate itself as a popular form of entertainment.
The has a history that spans more than 100 years.
A cinematograph is a motion picture film camera, which also serves as a film projector and printer.
City Girl is a 1930 American silent film directed by F. W. Murnau, and starring Charles Farrell and Mary Duncan.
City Lights is a 1931 American pre-Code silent romantic comedy film written, produced, directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin.
Classic Images is a monthly American mail-subscription newspaper in tabloid format, founded in 1962 by film collector Sam Rubin, dedicated to film and television of the "Golden Age." Its offices are located in Muscatine, Iowa and it is published by the Muscatine Journal division of Lee Enterprises, Inc.
Classical Hollywood cinema, classical Hollywood narrative, and classical continuity are terms used in film criticism which designate both a narrative and visual style of film-making which developed in and characterized American cinema between 1917 and the early 1960s, and eventually became the most powerful and pervasive style of film-making worldwide.
Cleopatra is a 1917 American silent historical drama film based on H. Rider Haggard's 1889 novel Cleopatra and the plays Cleopatre by Émile Moreau and Victorien Sardou and Antony and Cleopatra by William Shakespeare.
A close up or closeup in filmmaking, television production, still photography and the comic strip medium is a type of shot, which tightly frames a person or an object.
The Club Foot Orchestra is a music ensemble founded in 1983 by Richard Marriott.
Competition law is a law that promotes or seeks to maintain market competition by regulating anti-competitive conduct by companies.
Continuity editing is the process, in film and video creation, of combining more-or-less related shots, or different components cut from a single shot, into a sequence so as to direct the viewer's attention to a pre-existing consistency of story across both time and physical location.
A cowboy is an animal herder who tends cattle on ranches in North America, traditionally on horseback, and often performs a multitude of other ranch-related tasks.
The Town of the City of Dawson, commonly known as Dawson City or Dawson, is a town in Yukon, Canada.
Dawson City: Frozen Time is a 2016 American documentary film written, edited and directed by Bill Morrison and produced by Morrison and Madeleine Molyneaux.
Dennis James is an American musician and historic preservationist who played "a pivotal role in the international revival of silent films presented with period-authentic live music."Carl Bennett, on SilentEra.com.
Dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog in American English) is a written or spoken conversational exchange between two or more people, and a literary and theatrical form that depicts such an exchange.
Dolores del Río (born María de los Dolores Asúnsolo López-Negrete; 3 August 1904 – 11 April 1983) was a Mexican actress.
Douglas Fairbanks (born Douglas Elton Thomas Ullman; May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director, and producer.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
Eadweard Muybridge (9 April 1830 – 8 May 1904, born Edward James Muggeridge) was an English photographer important for his pioneering work in photographic studies of motion, and early work in motion-picture projection.
Earth (Земля, translit. Zemlya) is a 1930 Soviet silent film by Ukrainian director Alexander Dovzhenko, concerning the process of collectivization and the hostility of Kulak landowners.
Edison Studios was an American film production organization, owned by companies controlled by inventor and entrepreneur, Thomas Edison.
Edwin Carewe (March 3, 1883 – January 22, 1940) was a Native American motion picture director, actor, producer, and screenwriter.
Edwin Stanton Porter (April 21, 1870 – April 30, 1941) was an American film pioneer, most famous as a producer, director, studio manager and cinematographer with the Edison Manufacturing Company and the Famous Players Film Company.
Edwin Thanhouser (11 November 1865 – 21 March 1956) was an actor, businessman, and film producer.
El Apóstol (Spanish: "The Apostle") was a 1917 Argentine animated film utilizing cutout animation, and the world's first animated feature film.
Elisabeth Thuillier (fl. 1890s-1920s) was a French colourist who ran a workshop in Paris where her employees hand-coloured early films and photographic slides using her plans and colour choices.
The Essanay Film Manufacturing Company was an American motion picture studio.
Eugene Chadbourne (born January 4, 1954) is an American jazz guitarist and music critic.
Evangeline is a 1929 American silent film directed by Edwin Carewe and starring Dolores Del Rio.
Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau (born Friedrich Wilhelm Plumpe; December 28, 1888March 11, 1931) was a German film director.
A facial expression is one or more motions or positions of the muscles beneath the skin of the face.
Fantasia is a 1940 American animated film produced by Walt Disney and released by Walt Disney Productions.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
A film director is a person who directs the making of a film.
Film preservation, or film restoration, describes a series of ongoing efforts among film historians, archivists, museums, cinematheques, and non-profit organizations to rescue decaying film stock and preserve the images which they contain.
A film score (also sometimes called background score, background music, film soundtrack, film music, or incidental music) is original music written specifically to accompany a film.
Film tinting is the process of adding color to black-and-white film, usually by means of soaking the film in dye and staining the film emulsion.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
Flesh and the Devil (1926) is a romantic drama silent film released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and stars Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, Lars Hanson, and Barbara Kent, directed by Clarence Brown, and based on the novel The Undying Past by Hermann Sudermann.
Foley (named after sound-effects artist Jack Foley) is the reproduction of everyday sound effects that are added to film, video, and other media in post-production to enhance audio quality.
Folio Weekly is an alternative weekly newspaper published in Jacksonville, Florida.
For Heaven's Sake is a 1926 comedy silent film starring Harold Lloyd.
Fort Lee is a borough at the eastern border of Bergen County, New Jersey, United States, in the New York City Metropolitan Area, situated atop the Hudson Palisades.
Frame rate (expressed in or fps) is the frequency (rate) at which consecutive images called frames appear on a display.
Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter and film composer.
Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara; 5 September 194624 November 1991) was a British singer, songwriter and record producer, best known as the lead vocalist of the rock band Queen.
French impressionist cinema (first avant-garde or narrative avant-garde) refers to a group of French films and filmmakers of the 1920s.
Galina Aleksandrovna Jovovich (Гали́на Александровна Йо́вович, Ло́гинова; born 28 October 1950) is a Russian actress.
Gaylord Carter (August 3, 1905 – November 20, 2000) was an American organist and the composer of many film scores that were added to silent movies released on video tape or disks.
The General Film Company was a motion picture distribution company in the United States.
Gentlemen Prefer Blondes is a 1928 American silent comedy film directed by Mal St. Clair, co-written by Anita Loos based on her novel, and released by Paramount Pictures.
Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, known as Georges Méliès (8 December 1861 – 21 January 1938), was a French illusionist and film director who led many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema.
German Expressionism consisted of a number of related creative movements in Germany before the First World War that reached a peak in Berlin during the 1920s.
Giovanni Giorgio Moroder (born 26 April 1940) is an Italian singer, songwriter, DJ and record producer.
The Globe International Silent Film Festival (GISFF) is an annual event focusing on image and non-verbal cinema which takes place in a reputable university or academic environment every year and is a platform for showcasing and judging films from filmmakers who are active in this field.
Gloria May Josephine Swanson (March 27, 1899 – April 4, 1983) was an American actress and producer best known for her role as Norma Desmond, a reclusive silent film star, in the critically acclaimed 1950 film Sunset Boulevard.
Goat gland was a term applied, during the period of transition from silent films to sound films.
Grasmere is the name of a neighborhood located on the East Shore of Staten Island, one of the five boroughs of New York City.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.
Gus Green Van Sant, Jr. (born July 24, 1952) is an American film director, screenwriter, painter, photographer, musician and author who has earned acclaim as both an independent and more mainstream filmmaker.
Guy Maddin, (born February 28, 1956) is a Canadian screenwriter, director, author, cinematographer, and film editor of both features and short films, as well as an installation artist, from Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Harold Clayton Lloyd Sr. (April 20, 1893 – March 8, 1971) was an American actor, comedian, director, producer, screenwriter, and stunt performer who is best known for his silent comedy films.
Henry de La Falaise, Marquis de La Coudraye (born James Henry Le Bailly de La Falaise, February 11, 1898 – April 10, 1972), was a French nobleman, translator, film director, film producer, sometime actor, and war hero who was best known for his high-profile marriages to two leading Hollywood actresses.
Although the start of the history of film is not clearly defined, the commercial, public screening of ten of Lumière brothers' short films in Paris on 28 December 1895 can be regarded as the breakthrough of projected cinematographic motion pictures.
Hou Hsiao-hsien (born 8 April 1947) is a Taiwanese film director, screenwriter, producer and actor.
I Was Born, But... (Otona no miru ehon - Umarete wa mita keredo "An Adult's Picture Book View — I Was Born, But...") is a 1932 black-and-white Japanese silent film directed by Yasujirō Ozu.
Improvisation is creating or performing something spontaneously or making something from whatever is available.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.
The Internet Broadway Database (IBDB) is an online database of Broadway theatre productions and their personnel.
In films, an intertitle (also known as a title card) is a piece of filmed, printed text edited into the midst of (i.e. inter-) the photographed action at various points.
Isabella Fiorella Elettra Giovanna Rossellini (born 18 June 1952) is an Italian actress, filmmaker, author, philanthropist, and model.
Jacques Tati (born Jacques Tatischeff,; 9 October 1907 – 5 November 1982) was a French filmmaker, actor, and screenwriter.
Jérôme Savary (27 June 1942 – 4 March 2013) was an Argentinian-French theater director and actor.
John Roy Anderson (born 25 October 1944), known professionally as Jon Anderson, is a British-American singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist best known as the lead singer of the progressive rock band Yes, which he co-founded in 1968 with bassist Chris Squire.
Joseph Carl Breil (29 June 1870 – 23 January 1926) was an American lyric tenor, stage director, composer and conductor.
Juha is a 1999 Finnish film produced, written, and directed by Aki Kaurismäki.
The Kalem Company was an early American film studio founded in New York City in 1907.
Kamal Hassan (born 27 October 1942) is a renowned Muslim academic and Islamic scholar, specializing in Contemporary Islamic Thought, particularly pertaining to the Southeast Asia region.
Kammerspielfilm is a type of German film that offers an intimate, cinematic portrait of lower middle class life.
Kenneth Macpherson (27 March 1902 — 14 June 1971) was born in Scotland, the son of Scottish painter, John 'Pop' Macpherson and Clara Macpherson.
Kevin Brownlow (born 2 June 1938) is a British film historian, television documentary-maker, filmmaker, author, and film editor.
Kinemacolor was the first successful color motion picture process, used commercially from 1908 to 1914.
The Kinetoscope is an early motion picture exhibition device.
Kiss Me Again is a 1925 American silent romantic comedy film directed by Ernst Lubitsch.
The Ku Klux Klan, commonly called the KKK or simply the Klan, refers to three distinct secret movements at different points in time in the history of the United States.
Lady of the Pavements (UK title: Lady of the Night) is a 1929 American silent romantic drama film directed by D. W. Griffith and starring Lupe Vélez, William Boyd, and Jetta Goudal.
Today, English-speakers use the term lantern to describe many types of portable lighting, but lanterns originated as a protective enclosure for a light source—usually a candle or a wick in oil—to make it easier to carry and hang up, and more reliable outdoors or in drafty interiors.
Laurel and Hardy were a comedy double act during the early Classical Hollywood era of American cinema.
Laurel and Hardy were a motion picture comedy team whose official filmography consists of 106 films released from 1921 and 1951.
Legong: Dance of the Virgins is a 1935 film, one of the last feature films shot using the two-color Technicolor process, and one of the last silent films shot in Hollywood.
A lens is a transmissive optical device that focuses or disperses a light beam by means of refraction.
Les Vacances de Monsieur Hulot (Les Vacances de M. Hulot; released as Monsieur Hulot's Holiday in the US) is a 1953 French comedy film starring and directed by Jacques Tati.
Library and Archives Canada (LAC) (in Bibliothèque et Archives Canada) is a federal institution tasked with acquiring, preserving and making Canada's documentary heritage accessible.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Lillian Diana Gish (October 14, 1893 – February 27, 1993) was an American actress of the screen and stage, as well as a director and writer.
Films generate income from several revenue streams, including theatrical exhibition, home video, television broadcast rights and merchandising.
This list of film formats catalogues formats developed for shooting or viewing motion pictures, ranging from the Chronophotographe format from 1888, to mid-20th century formats such as the 1953 CinemaScope format, to more recent formats such as the 1992 IMAX HD format.
This is a list of rediscovered films that, once thought lost, have since been discovered, in whole or in part.
Decades before the video revolution of the late 1970s/early 1980s, there was a small but devoted market for home films in the 16 mm, 9,5 mm, 8 mm, and Super 8 mm film market.
This list of years in film indexes the individual year in film pages.
This list of animated feature films compiles animated feature films from around the world and is organized alphabetically under the year of release (the year the completed film was first released to the public).
Leonidas Frank "Lon" Chaney (April 1, 1883 – August 26, 1930) was an American stage and film actor, make-up artist, director and screenwriter.
London After Midnight, (also known as The Hypnotist in the UK), is a 1927 American silent mystery film with horror overtones directed and co-produced by Tod Browning and starring Lon Chaney, with Marceline Day, Conrad Nagel, Henry B. Walthall, and Polly Moran.
In photography, filmmaking and video production, a long shot (sometimes referred to as a full shot or, and to remove ambiguity, wide shot) typically shows the entire object or human figure and is usually intended to place it in some relation to its surroundings.
A lost film is a feature or short film that is no longer known to exist in any studio archives, private collections, or public archives, such as the U.S. Library of Congress.
Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince (28 August 1841 – vanished 16 September 1890) was a French artist and the inventor of an early motion picture camera, possibly being the first person to shoot a moving picture sequence using a single lens camera and a strip of (paper) film.
The Lubin Manufacturing Company was an American motion picture production company that produced silent films from 1896 to 1916.
María Guadalupe Villalobos Vélez, known professionally as Lupe Vélez (July 18, 1908 – December 14, 1944), was a Mexican-born stage and screen actress, comedian, singer, dancer, and vedette.
The magic lantern, also known by its Latin name lanterna magica, is an early type of image projector employing pictures painted, printed or produced photographically on transparent plates (usually made of glass), one or more lenses, and a light source.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
Marshall Ambrose "Mickey" Neilan (April 11, 1891 – October 27, 1958) was an American motion picture actor, screenwriter, film director, and producer.
Mary Loretta Philbin (July 16, 1902 – May 7, 1993) was an American film actress of the silent film era, who is best known for playing the roles of Christine Daaé in the 1925 film The Phantom of the Opera opposite Lon Chaney, and as Dea in The Man Who Laughs.
Maurice Tourneur (2 February 1876 – 4 August 1961) was a French film director and screenwriter.
Mel Brooks (born Melvin Kaminsky; June 28, 1926) is an American actor, writer, producer, director, comedian, and composer.
A melodrama is a dramatic work in which the plot, which is typically sensational and designed to appeal strongly to the emotions, takes precedence over detailed characterization.
Metropolis is a 1927 German expressionist science-fiction drama film directed by Fritz Lang.
Michel Hazanavicius (born 29 March 1967) is a French film director, producer, screenwriter and film editor best known for his 2011 film, The Artist, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture at the 84th Academy Awards.
Mikhail Mikhailovich Ippolitov-Ivanov (Михаи́л Миха́йлович Ипполи́тов-Ива́нов; 28 January 1935) was a Russian composer, conductor and teacher.
Milica Bogdanovna Jovovich (born December 17, 1975), known professionally as Milla Jovovich, is an American actress, model and musician.
A mime or mime artist (from Greek μῖμος, mimos, "imitator, actor") is a person who uses mime as a theatrical medium or as a performance art.
Modern Times is a 1936 American comedy film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin in which his iconic Little Tramp character struggles to survive in the modern, industrialized world.
A monopoly (from Greek μόνος mónos and πωλεῖν pōleîn) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity.
Morph and his friend Chas is a series of clay stop-motion comedy animations, named after the main character.
The Motion Picture Patents Company (MPPC, also known as the Edison Trust), founded in December 1908 and terminated seven years later in 1915 after conflicts within the industry, was a trust of all the major USA film companies and local foreign-branches (Edison, Biograph, Vitagraph, Essanay, Selig Polyscope, Lubin Manufacturing, Kalem Company, Star Film Paris, American Pathé), the leading film distributor (George Kleine) and the biggest supplier of raw film stock, Eastman Kodak.
The Movietone sound system is an optical sound-on-film method of recording sound for motion pictures that guarantees synchronization between sound and picture.
Musical improvisation (also known as musical extemporization) is the creative activity of immediate ("in the moment") musical composition, which combines performance with communication of emotions and instrumental technique as well as spontaneous response to other musicians.
Napoléon is a 1927 silent French epic film written, produced, and directed by Abel Gance that tells the story of Napoleon's early years.
Neil Brand (born 18 March 1958) is an English dramatist, composer and author.
New Rochelle is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States, in the southeastern portion of the state.
The New York metropolitan area, also referred to as the Tri-State Area, is the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 4,495 mi2 (11,642 km2).
Nickelodeon is a 1976 comedy film directed by Peter Bogdanovich, and stars Ryan O'Neal, Burt Reynolds and Tatum O'Neal.
Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.
Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens (translated as Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror; or simply Nosferatu) is a 1922 German Expressionist horror film, directed by F. W. Murnau, starring Max Schreck as the vampire Count Orlok.
Nosferatu the Vampyre is a 1979 West German horror film written and directed by Werner Herzog.
Operetta is a genre of light opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter.
An optical illusion (also called a visual illusion) is an illusion caused by the visual system and characterized by a visual percept that (loosely said) appears to differ from reality.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.
In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.
Orphans of the Storm is a 1921 silent drama film by D. W. Griffith set in late-18th-century France, before and during the French Revolution.
George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American actor, director, writer, and producer who worked in theatre, radio, and film.
Pablo Berger Uranga (born 1963) is a Spanish film director born in Bilbao, Spain.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa (born José Doroteo Arango Arámbula; 5 June 1878 – 20 July 1923) was a Mexican Revolutionary general and one of the most prominent figures of the Mexican Revolution.
In cinematography and photography panning means swivelling a still or video camera horizontally from a fixed position.
is a 1933 silent movie produced by Shochiku Company, directed by Japanese director Yasujirō Ozu and starring Takeshi Sakamoto, Nobuko Fushimi, Den Obinata and Chouko Iida.
Patricia Mae Benatar (née Andrzejewski; January 10, 1953) is a U.S. singer, songwriter, actress, and four-time Grammy Award winner.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Pathé or Pathé Frères (styled as PATHÉ!) is the name of various French businesses that were founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France starting in 1896.
Patrick Bokanowski (born 23 June 1943 in Algiers, French Algeria) is a French filmmalker who makes experimental and animated films.
Pearl Fay White (March 4, 1889 – August 4, 1938) was an American stage and film actress.
A peep show or peepshow is an exhibition of pictures, objects or people viewed through a small hole or magnifying glass.
Persistence of vision refers to the optical illusion that occurs when visual perception of an object does not cease for some time after the rays of light proceeding from it have ceased to enter the eye.
Peter Bogdanovich (Serbian: Петар Богдановић, Petar Bogdanović, born July 30, 1939) is an American director, writer, actor, producer, critic and film historian.
Peter Mark Roget FRS (18 January 1779 – 12 September 1869) was a British physician, natural theologian and lexicographer.
Phonofilm is an optical sound-on-film system developed by inventors Lee de Forest and Theodore Case in the 1920s.
A photograph or photo is an image created by light falling on a light-sensitive surface, usually photographic film or an electronic medium such as a CCD or a CMOS chip.
In photography, toning is a method of changing the color of black-and-white photographs.
Photo-Kinema (some sources say Phono-Kinema) was a sound-on-disc system for motion pictures invented by Orlando Kellum.
Photoplay music is incidental music, soundtrack music, and themes written specifically for the accompaniment of silent films.
A pianist is an individual musician who plays the piano.
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.
Pierre Étaix (23 November 1928 – 14 October 2016) was a French clown, comedian and filmmaker.
Pushpaka Vimana is a 1987 Indian black comedy film written, and directed by Singeetam Srinivasa Rao.
RCA Photophone was the trade name given to one of four major competing technologies that emerged in the American film industry in the late 1920s for synchronizing electrically recorded audio to a motion picture image.
A retronym is a newer name for an existing thing that differentiates the original form or version from a more recent one.
Right There is a 2013 American short film written and directed by Nathan Suher.
Roundhay Garden Scene is an 1888 short silent actuality film recorded by French inventor Louis Le Prince.
RPM Orchestra is a proto-Industrial Americana music ensemble based in Phoenix, Arizona.
Rodolfo Alfonso Raffaello Pierre Filibert Guglielmi di Valentina d'Antonguella (May 6, 1895 – August 23, 1926), professionally known as Rudolph Valentino, was an Italian actor in America who starred in several well-known silent films including The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, The Sheik, Blood and Sand, The Eagle, and The Son of the Sheik. He was an early pop icon, a sex symbol of the 1920s, who was known as the "Latin lover" or simply as "Valentino".
Rupert Julian (25 January 1879 – 27 December 1943) was a New Zealand cinema actor, director, writer and producer.
Saved from the Titanic is a 1912 American silent motion picture short starring Dorothy Gibson, an American film actress who survived the sinking of the RMS ''Titanic'' on April 15, 1912.
The Selig Polyscope Company is an American motion picture company that was founded in 1896 by William Selig in Chicago.
A serial, film serial, movie serial or chapter play, is a motion picture form popular during the first half of the 20th century, consisting of a series of short subjects exhibited in consecutive order at one theater, generally advancing weekly, until the series is completed.
Shadow of the Vampire is a 2000 metafiction horror film directed by E. Elias Merhige, written by Steven Katz, and starring John Malkovich and Willem Dafoe.
Shaun the Sheep is a British stop-motion animated television series and spin-off of the Wallace and Gromit franchise.
Shaun the Sheep Movie is a 2015 British stop-motion animated adventure comedy film inspired by the television series Shaun the Sheep, created by Nick Park.
Sheet music is a handwritten or printed form of music notation that uses modern musical symbols to indicate the pitches (melodies), rhythms or chords of a song or instrumental musical piece.
Sidewalk Stories is a 1989 American low-budget, nearly silent movie directed by and starring Charles Lane.
Silent Movie is a 1976 American satirical comedy film co-written, directed by, and starring Mel Brooks, and released by 20th Century Fox on June 17, 1976.
Silent Orchestra was formed in 1998 to bring live music and sound design to classic and contemporary silent films.
Singin' in the Rain is a 1952 American musical-romantic comedy film directed and choreographed by Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen, starring Kelly, Donald O'Connor, and Debbie Reynolds.
A sound effect (or audio effect) is an artificially created or enhanced sound, or sound process used to emphasize artistic or other content of films, television shows, live performance, animation, video games, music, or other media.
A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film.
Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.
In common usage, a sound stage is a soundproof, hangar-like structure, building, or room, used for the production of theatrical film-making and television productions, usually located on a secured movie or television studio property.
Sound-on-disc is a class of sound film processes using a phonograph or other disc to record or play back sound in sync with a motion picture.
Sound-on-film is a class of sound film processes where the sound accompanying picture is physically recorded onto photographic film, usually, but not always, the same strip of film carrying the picture.
Soviet montage theory is an approach to understanding and creating cinema that relies heavily upon editing (montage is French for "assembly" or "editing").
Stanley Tucci (born November 11, 1960) is an American character actor, writer, producer, and film director.
Staten Island is the southernmost and westernmost of the five boroughs of New York City in the U.S. state of New York.
Stepan Timofeyevich Razin (Степа́н Тимофе́евич Ра́зин,; 1630 –), known as Stenka Razin (Стенька), was a Cossack leader who led a major uprising against the nobility and tsarist bureaucracy in southern Russia in 1670-1671.
Sunset Boulevard (stylized onscreen as SUNSET BLVD.) is a 1950 American film noir directed and co-written by Billy Wilder, and produced and co-written by Charles Brackett.
A tab show was a short, or tabloid version, of various popular musical comedies performed in the United States in the early 20th century.
Tabu: A Story of the South Seas, sometimes simply called Tabu, is a 1931 silent film directed by F.W. Murnau, a docufiction.
Technicolor is a series of color motion picture processes, the first version dating from 1916, and followed by improved versions over several decades.
Telecine is the process of transferring motion picture film into video and is performed in a color suite.
The Thanhouser Company (later the Thanhouser Film Corporation) was one of the first motion picture studios, founded in 1909 by Edwin Thanhouser, his wife Gertrude and his brother-in-law Lloyd Lonergan.
A thaumatrope is an optical toy that was popular in the 19th century.
The Angel (L'Ange) is a 1982 French silent experimental art film directed by Patrick Bokanowski.
The Artist is a 2011 French comedy-drama in the style of a black-and-white silent film written, directed, and co-edited by Michel Hazanavicius, produced by Thomas Langmann, and stars Jean Dujardin and Bérénice Bejo.
The Assassination of the Duke of Guise (1908) (original French title: La Mort du duc de Guise; often referred to as L'Assassinat du duc de Guise) is a French historical film directed by Charles le Bargy and André Calmettes, adapted by Henri Lavedan, and featuring actors of the Comédie-Française and prominent set designers.
The Big Parade is a 1925 American silent film directed by King Vidor, starring John Gilbert, Renée Adorée, Hobart Bosworth, Tom O'Brien, and Karl Dane.
The Birth of a Nation (originally called The Clansman) is a 1915 American silent epic drama film directed and co-produced by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.
The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, in the U.S. state of New York.
"The Call of Cthulhu" is a short story by the American writer H. P. Lovecraft.
The Call of Cthulhu is a 2005 independent silent film adaptation of the H. P. Lovecraft short story "The Call of Cthulhu", produced by Sean Branney and Andrew Leman and distributed by the H. P. Lovecraft Historical Society.
The Circus is a 1928 silent film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin.
The Covered Wagon is a 1923 American silent Western film released by Paramount Pictures.
The Exploits of Elaine is a 1914 American film serial in the damsel in distress genre of The Perils of Pauline (1914).
The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse is a 1921 American silent epic war film produced by Metro Pictures Corporation and directed by Rex Ingram.
The Goddess is a 1934 Chinese silent film released by the Lianhua Film Company (United Photoplay).
The Gold Diggers is a lost Warner Bros. silent film directed by Harry Beaumont with screenplay by Grant Carpenter based on the play The Gold Diggers by Avery Hopwood which ran for 282 performances on Broadway in 1919 and 1920.
The Gold Rush is a 1925 American comedy film written, produced, and directed by Charlie Chaplin.
The Great Gatsby is a 1926 American silent drama film directed by Herbert Brenon.
The Heart of the World is a short film written and directed by Guy Maddin, produced for the 2000 Toronto International Film Festival.
The Hunchback of Notre Dame is a 1923 American romantic drama film with horror elements starring Lon Chaney, directed by Wallace Worsley, and produced by Carl Laemmle and Irving Thalberg.
The Impostors is a 1998 American farce motion picture directed, written and produced by Stanley Tucci, starring Oliver Platt, Tucci, Alfred Molina, Tony Shalhoub, Steve Buscemi, and Billy Connolly.
The Jazz Singer is a 1927 American musical film.
The Kid is a 1921 American silent comedy-drama film written by, produced by, directed by, and starring Charlie Chaplin, and features Jackie Coogan as his adopted son and sidekick.
The Life of General Villa (1914) is a silent biographical action–drama film starring Pancho Villa as himself, shot on location during a civil war.
The Million Dollar Mystery is a 23-chapter film serial, released in 1914, directed by Howell Hansel, and starring Florence La Badie and James Cruze.
The Perils of Pauline is a 1914 American melodrama film serial shown in weekly installments, featuring Pearl White as the title character.
The Phantom of the Opera is a 1925 American silent horror film adaptation of Gaston Leroux's 1910 novel ''Le Fantôme de l'Opéra'', directed by Rupert Julian and starring Lon Chaney, Sr. in the title role of the deformed Phantom who haunts the Paris Opera House, causing murder and mayhem in an attempt to make the woman he "loves" a star.
The Silent Enemy is a 1930 American drama film directed by H.P. Carver and written by W. Douglas Burden, Richard Carver and Julian Johnson.
The Suitor (Le Soupirant) is a 1962 French comedy film directed by and starring Pierre Étaix.
The Ten Commandments is a 1923 American silent religious, epic film and produced and directed by Cecil B. DeMille.
The Thief is a 1952 American film noir crime film directed by Russell Rouse and starring Ray Milland.
A theatre organ (also known as a theater organ, or a cinema organ) is a distinct type of pipe organ originally developed to provide music and sound effects to accompany silent films during the first 3 decades of the 20th century.
Thierry Zéno (born Thierry Jonard; 22 April 1950 – 7 June 2017), retrieved 2009-05-10.
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.
Three Times (Chinese: 最好的時光; Zuìhǎo de shíguāng; lit. 'Best of Times') is a 2005 Taiwanese film directed by Hou Hsiao-hsien.
Time-lapse photography is a technique whereby the frequency at which film frames are captured (the frame rate) is much lower than that used to view the sequence.
Timmy Time is a British stop-motion animated children's television series made for the BBC by Aardman Animations.
Timothy Brock (born 1963) is an American-born conductor and composer specializing in concert works of the early 20th-century, orchestral performance practices of the 1920s and 1930s, and live performances to accompany silent film.
Too Much Johnson is a 1938 American silent comedy film written and directed by Orson Welles.
Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is an American movie-oriented pay-TV network operated by Turner Broadcasting System. Launched in 1994, TCM is headquartered at Turner's Techwood broadcasting campus in the Midtown business district of Atlanta, Georgia. Historically, the channel's programming consisted mainly of classic theatrically released feature films from the Turner Entertainment film library – which comprises films from Warner Bros. Pictures (covering films released before 1950) and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (covering films released before May 1986). However, TCM now has licensing deals with other Hollywood film studios as well as its WarnerMedia sister company, Warner Bros. (which now controls the Turner Entertainment library and its own later films), and occasionally shows more recent films. The channel is available in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Malta, Latin America, France, Spain, the Nordic countries, the Middle East, Africa and Asia-Pacific.
Tuvalu is a 1999 experimental movie from Germany.
Un Drame Musical Instantané, since its creation in 1976, featuring Jean-Jacques Birgé, Bernard Vitet and Francis Gorgé, has decided to promote collective musical creation, co-signing their albums, which they consider as artworks in themselves, or their live shows which they try to renew every time they play.
The University of the Arts (UArts) is a university of visual and performing arts based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
A vampire is a being from folklore that subsists by feeding on the vital force (generally in the form of blood) of the living.
Vampire films have been a staple since the era of silent films, so much so that the depiction of vampires in popular culture is strongly based upon their depiction in films throughout the years.
Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation.
Vase de Noces (1974) is a Belgian film directed by Thierry Zéno and starring Dominique Garny.
Virginia Belle Pearson (March 7, 1886 – June 6, 1958) was an American stage and film actress.
Vitagraph Studios, also known as the Vitagraph Company of America, was a United States motion picture studio.
Vitaphone was a sound film system used for feature films and nearly 1,000 short subjects made by Warner Bros. and its sister studio First National from 1926 to 1931.
War film is a film genre concerned with warfare, typically about naval, air, or land battles, with combat scenes central to the drama.
Way Down East is a 1920 American silent romantic drama film directed by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.
The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.
Werner Herzog (born 5 September 1942) is a German screenwriter, film director, author, actor, and opera director.
West Orange is a suburban township in central Essex County, New Jersey, United States.
The Western is a genre of various arts which tell stories set primarily in the later half of the 19th century in the American Old West, often centering on the life of a nomadic cowboy or gunfighter armed with a revolver and a rifle who rides a horse.
What Price Glory? is a 1926 American silent comedy-drama war film produced and distributed by Fox Film Corporation and directed by Raoul Walsh.
Wild Bunch AG is a German film distribution and international sales company, originally created in 1979 as Senator Film Verleih GmbH, which later became Senator Entertainment AG.
William P. Perry is an American composer and television producer.
Workers Leaving The Lumière Factory in Lyon (La Sortie de l'Usine Lumière à Lyon), also known as Employees Leaving the Lumière Factory and Exiting the Factory, is an 1895 French short black-and-white silent documentary film directed and produced by Louis Lumière.
Wu Yonggang (November 1, 1907 – December 18, 1982) was a prominent Chinese film director during the 1930s.
was a Japanese film director and screenwriter.
Yes are an English progressive rock band formed in London in 1968 by singer Jon Anderson, bassist Chris Squire, guitarist Peter Banks, keyboardist Tony Kaye, and drummer Bill Bruford.
Yukon (also commonly called the Yukon) is the smallest and westernmost of Canada's three federal territories (the other two are the Northwest Territories and Nunavut).
The following is an overview of the events of 1894 in film, including a list of films released and notable births.
The decade of the 1910s in film involved some significant films.
The following is an overview of 1929 in film, including significant events, a list of films released and notable births and deaths.
35 mm film (millimeter) is the film gauge most commonly used for motion pictures and chemical still photography (see 135 film).
7th Heaven (also known as Seventh Heaven) is a 1927 American silent romantic drama directed by Frank Borzage, and starring Janet Gaynor and Charles Farrell.
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