287 relations: Academy Awards, Acetate, Action film, Actor, Advertising, Amateur, Analog signal, Analytic philosophy, André Bazin, Andrei Tarkovsky, Andrzej Wajda, Animation, Animation camera, Art, Art film, Art release, Aspect ratio, Audience, Audience response, Auguste and Louis Lumière, Ballet, Batman (1989 film), Battleship Potemkin, Béla Balázs, Becky Sharp, Bibliography of film by genre, Blacksmith Scene, Blockbuster (entertainment), Blu-ray, Bollywood, Box office, Bride of Frankenstein, Broadcast programming, Broadcast syndication, Broadcasting, Buster Keaton, Butch and Sundance: The Early Days, Camcorder, Camera, Catering, Celebrity, Celluloid, Charlie Chaplin, Christiaan Huygens, Cinema of India, Cinema of the United States, Cinematic techniques, Cinematographer, Cinematography, Cinephilia, ..., Classical Hollywood cinema, Clay animation, Color motion picture film, Comedy film, Comic book, Commerce, Comparison of American and British English, Computer animation, Computer-generated imagery, Cost overrun, Costume, Counterpoint, Cross-genre, Cultural artifact, Culture, D. W. Griffith, Dance, Data storage, Dialogue, Digital cinema, Digital cinematography, Digital recording, Digital video, Docufiction, Documentary film, Double feature, Download, Drama (film and television), Dubbing (filmmaking), DV, DVD, DVD-Video, Eadweard Muybridge, Edison Manufacturing Company, Edison Studios, Editing, Educational film, Entertainment, Europe, Exposure (photography), F. W. Murnau, Fan (person), Fan fiction, Feature film, Feminist film theory, Ferdinand de Saussure, Ferris Bueller's Day Off, Film as a Subversive Art, Film base, Film budgeting, Film criticism, Film director, Film distributor, Film editing, Film festival, Film format, Film frame, Film genre, Film industry, Film preservation, Film promotion, Film score, Film screening, Film stock, Film studies, Film studio, Film theory, Filmmaking, Fine art, First Blood, Form of life (philosophy), Formalist film theory, Fred Patten, French New Wave, Fritz Lang, George Hickenlooper, Glossary of motion picture terms, Hanna-Barbera, Hearing, Hindi, History of film, Hollywood, Home video, Horror film, IEEE 1394, IMDb, Independent animation, Independent film, Index of video-related articles, Ingmar Bergman, Internet, Intolerance (film), Jacques Lacan, James Bond, James Monaco, Japan, Japanese New Wave, John Rambo, Joseph Plateau, Kenner Star Wars action figures, Kevin Costner, Kinetoscope, Language, Len Lye, Leni Riefenstahl, Lens (optics), License, Limited animation, List of books on films, List of film awards, List of film festivals, List of film periodicals, List of Live-action film production companies, List of years in film, Lists of films, Lost film, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Magazine, Magic lantern, Martin Scorsese, Metonymy, Mise-en-scène, Mothlight, Movie camera, Movie projector, Movie theater, Multimedia, Mumbai, Mutoscope, New Hollywood, New York City, New York University Tandon School of Engineering, Newspaper, Non-linear editing system, Norman McLaren, Oberammergau Passion Play, Opera, Optical illusion, Orchestra, Organ (music), Osamu Tezuka, Outline of film, Parallel cinema, Paul Schrader, Persistence of vision, Personal computer, Peter Bogdanovich, Phenakistiscope, Phi phenomenon, Photographic emulsion, Photographic film, Photographic plate, Photography, Piano, Play (theatre), Polarized 3D system, Polyester, Post-credits scene, Post-production, Praxinoscope, Pre-production, Prequel, Preview (theatre), Product placement, Projection screen, Propaganda film, Psychoanalytic film theory, Reel, Ricciotto Canudo, Rudolf Arnheim, Sales, Scene (filmmaking), Screenwriter, Semiotics, Separation masters, Sequel, Sergei Eisenstein, Set construction, Short film, Shot (filmmaking), Siegfried Kracauer, Silent film, Silver screen, Sound, Sound effect, Sound film, Sound recording and reproduction, Sound-on-film, Soundtrack, Stan Brakhage, Stereophonic sound, Stop motion, Storyboard, Streaming media, Structuralist film theory, Studio system, Subtitle (captioning), Take the Money and Run, Technicolor, Technology, Television, Television film, Television show, The Birth of a Nation, The Kiss (1896 film), The New Biographical Dictionary of Film, Theatre, Theory, Translation, Tribeca Film Festival, United States, UPA (animation studio), Variety (magazine), Veoh, VHS, Video, Video editing software, Video on demand, Video projector, Video tape recorder, Videotape, Vietnam veteran, Visual arts, Visual effects, Warner Bros., Waterworld, Web film, Widescreen, Woodville Latham, Woody Allen, World War I, Yahoo! Movies, YouTube, Zoetrope, Zoopraxiscope, 180-degree rule, 35 mm film. Expand index (237 more) » « Shrink index
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
An acetate is a salt formed by the combination of acetic acid with an alkaline, earthy, metallic or nonmetallic and other base.
Action film is a film genre in which the protagonist or protagonists are thrust into a series of challenges that typically include violence, extended fighting, physical feats, and frantic chases.
An actor (often actress for women; see terminology) is a person who portrays a character in a performance.
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
An amateur (French amateur "lover of", from Old French and ultimately from Latin amatorem nom. amator, "lover") is generally considered a person who pursues a particular activity or field of study independently from their source of income.
An analog signal is any continuous signal for which the time varying feature (variable) of the signal is a representation of some other time varying quantity, i.e., analogous to another time varying signal.
Analytic philosophy (sometimes analytical philosophy) is a style of philosophy that became dominant in the Western world at the beginning of the 20th century.
André Bazin (18 April 1918 – 11 November 1958) was a renowned and influential French film critic and film theorist.
Andrei Arsenyevich Tarkovsky (p; 4 April 1932 – 29 December 1986) was a Russian filmmaker, writer, film editor, film theorist, theatre and opera director.
Andrzej Witold Wajda (6 March 1926 – 9 October 2016) was a Polish film and theatre director.
Animation is a dynamic medium in which images or objects are manipulated to appear as moving images.
An animation camera, a type of rostrum camera, is a movie camera specially adapted for frame-by-frame shooting of animation.
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.
An art film is typically a serious, independent film, aimed at a niche market rather than a mass market audience.
An art release is the premiere of an artistic production and its presentation and marketing to the public.
The aspect ratio of a geometric shape is the ratio of its sizes in different dimensions.
An audience is a group of people who participate in a show or encounter a work of art, literature (in which they are called "readers"), theatre, music (in which they are called "listeners"), video games (in which they are called "players"), or academics in any medium.
Audience response is a type of interaction associated with the use of audience response systems, to create interactivity between a presenter and its audience.
The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas; 19 October 1862 – 10 April 1954) and Louis Jean; 5 October 1864 – 7 June 1948), were among the first filmmakers in history. They patented an improved cinematograph, which in contrast to Thomas Edison's "peepshow" kinetoscope allowed simultaneous viewing by multiple parties.
Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia.
Batman is a 1989 American superhero film directed by Tim Burton and produced by Jon Peters and Peter Guber, based on the DC Comics character of the same name.
Battleship Potemkin (Бронено́сец «Потёмкин», Bronenosets Potyomkin), sometimes rendered as Battleship Potyomkin, is a 1925 Soviet silent film directed by Sergei Eisenstein and produced by Mosfilm.
Béla Balázs (4 August 1884, Szeged – 17 May 1949, Budapest), born Herbert Bauer, was a Hungarian-Jewish film critic, aesthete, writer and poet.
Becky Sharp is a 1935 American historical drama film directed by Rouben Mamoulian and starring Miriam Hopkins.
A bibliography of film by genre.
Blacksmith Scene (also known as Blacksmith Scene #1 and Blacksmithing Scene) is an 1893 American short black-and-white silent film directed by William K.L. Dickson, the Scottish-French inventor who, while under the employ of Thomas Edison, developed the first fully functional motion picture camera.
A blockbuster is a work of entertainment – especially a feature film, but also other media – that is highly popular and financially successful.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.
A box office or ticket office is a place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to an event.
Bride of Frankenstein (advertised as The Bride of Frankenstein) is a 1935 American science-fiction horror film, the first sequel to Universal Pictures' 1931 hit Frankenstein.
Broadcast programming is the practice of organizing and/or ordering of broadcast media programs (Internet, television, radio, etc.) in a daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly or season-long schedule.
Broadcasting syndication is the license to broadcast television programs and radio programs by multiple television stations and radio stations, without going through a broadcast network.
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.
Joseph Frank "Buster" Keaton (October 4, 1895 – February 1, 1966) was an American actor, comedian, film director, producer, screenwriter, and stunt performer.
Butch and Sundance: The Early Days is a 1979 Western film and prequel of sorts to the 1969 film Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid.
A camcorder is an electronic device originally combining a video camera and a videocassette recorder.
A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both.
Catering is the business of providing food service at a remote site or a site such as a hotel, hospital, pub, aircraft, cruise ship, park, filming site or studio, entertainment site, or event venue.
Celebrity refers to the fame and public attention accorded by the mass media to individuals or groups or, occasionally, animals, but is usually applied to the persons or groups of people (celebrity couples, families, etc.) themselves who receive such a status of fame and attention.
Celluloids are a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.
Christiaan Huygens (Hugenius; 14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer and inventor, who is widely regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution.
The Cinema of India consists of films produced in the nation of India.
The cinema of the United States, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on the film industry in general since the early 20th century.
This article contains a list of cinematic techniques that are divided into categories and briefly described.
A cinematographer or director of photography (sometimes shortened to DP or DOP) is the chief over the camera and light crews working on a film, television production or other live action piece and is responsible for making artistic and technical decisions related to the image.
Cinematography (also called Direction of Photography) is the science or art of motion-picture photography by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as film stock.
Cinephilia (also cinemaphilia or filmophilia) is the term used to refer to a passionate interest in films, film theory, and film criticism.
Classical Hollywood cinema, classical Hollywood narrative, and classical continuity are terms used in film criticism which designate both a narrative and visual style of film-making which developed in and characterized American cinema between 1917 and the early 1960s, and eventually became the most powerful and pervasive style of film-making worldwide.
Clay animation or claymation, sometimes plasticine animation, is one of many forms of stop motion animation.
Color motion picture film refers both to unexposed color photographic film in a format suitable for use in a motion picture camera, and to finished motion picture film, ready for use in a projector, which bears images in color.
Comedy is a genre of film in which the main emphasis is on humor.
A comic book or comicbook, also called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes.
Commerce relates to "the exchange of goods and services, especially on a large scale.” Commerce includes legal, economic, political, social, cultural and technological systems that operate in any country or internationally.
The English language was first introduced to the Americas by British colonization, beginning in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
Computer animation is the process used for generating animated images.
Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of computer graphics to create or contribute to images in art, printed media, video games, films, television programs, shorts, commercials, videos, and simulators.
A cost overrun, also known as a cost increase, underrated or budget overrun, involves unexpected costs incurred in excess of budgeted amounts due to an underestimation of the actual cost during budgeting.
Costume is the distinctive style of dress of an individual or group that reflects their class, gender, profession, ethnicity, nationality, activity or epoch.
In music, counterpoint is the relationship between voices that are harmonically interdependent (polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour.
A cross-genre (or hybrid genre) is a genre in fiction that blends themes and elements from two or more different genres.
A cultural artifact, or cultural artefact (see American and British English spelling differences), is a term used in the social sciences, particularly anthropology, ethnology and sociology for anything created by humans which gives information about the culture of its creator and users.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
David Wark Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American director, writer, and producer who pioneered modern cinematic techniques.
Dance is a performing art form consisting of purposefully selected sequences of human movement.
Data storage is the recording (storing) of information (data) in a storage medium.
Dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog in American English) is a written or spoken conversational exchange between two or more people, and a literary and theatrical form that depicts such an exchange.
Digital cinema refers to the use of digital technology to distribute or project motion pictures as opposed to the historical use of reels of motion picture film, such as 35 mm film.
Digital cinematography is the process of capturing (recording) a motion picture using digital image sensors rather than through film stock.
In digital recording, audio signals picked up by a microphone or other transducer or video signals picked up by a camera or similar device are converted into a stream of discrete numbers, representing the changes over time in air pressure for audio, and chroma and luminance values for video, then recorded to a storage device.
Digital video is an electronic representation of moving visual images (video) in the form of encoded digital data.
Docufiction (or docu-fiction), often confused with docudrama, is the cinematographic combination of documentary and fiction, this term often meaning narrative film.
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record.
The double feature, also known as a double bill, was a motion picture industry phenomenon in which theatre managers would exhibit two films for the price of one, supplanting an earlier format in which one feature film and various short subject reels would be shown.
In computer networks, to download (abbreviation DL) is to receive data from a remote system, typically a server such as a web server, an FTP server, an email server, or other similar systems.
In reference to film and television, drama is a genre of narrative fiction (or semi-fiction) intended to be more serious than humorous in tone.
Dubbing, mixing or re-recording is a post-production process used in filmmaking and video production in which additional or supplementary recordings are "mixed" with original production sound to create the finished soundtrack.
DV is a format for storing digital video.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
DVD-Video is a consumer video format used to store digital video on DVD discs, and is the dominant consumer video format in Asia, North America, Europe, and Australia.
Eadweard Muybridge (9 April 1830 – 8 May 1904, born Edward James Muggeridge) was an English photographer important for his pioneering work in photographic studies of motion, and early work in motion-picture projection.
The Edison Manufacturing Company was a company organized in 1889 by the inventor and entrepreneur Thomas Edison that manufactured batteries, machinery and equipment, and also produced kinetoscope films.
Edison Studios was an American film production organization, owned by companies controlled by inventor and entrepreneur, Thomas Edison.
Editing is the process of selecting and preparing written, visual, audible, and film media used to convey information.
An educational film is a film or movie whose primary purpose is to educate.
Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and interest of an audience, or gives pleasure and delight.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
In photography, exposure is the amount of light per unit area (the image plane illuminance times the exposure time) reaching a photographic film or electronic image sensor, as determined by shutter speed, lens aperture and scene luminance.
Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau (born Friedrich Wilhelm Plumpe; December 28, 1888March 11, 1931) was a German film director.
A fan, or fanatic, sometimes also termed aficionado or supporter, is a person who is enthusiastically devoted to something or somebody, such as a singer or band, a sports team, a genre, a politician, a book, a movie or an entertainer.
Fan fiction or fanfiction (also abbreviated to fan fic, fanfic, fic or ff) is fiction about characters or settings from an original work of fiction, created by fans of that work rather than by its creator.
A feature film is a film (also called a motion picture or movie) with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole film to fill a program.
Feminist film theory is a theoretical film criticism derived from feminist politics and feminist theory.
Ferdinand de Saussure (26 November 1857 – 22 February 1913) was a Swiss linguist and semiotician.
Ferris Bueller's Day Off is a 1986 American coming-of-age comedy film written, co-produced, and directed by John Hughes, and co-produced by Tom Jacobson.
Film as a Subversive Art is a fully illustrated 1974 film history book by Amos Vogel with mini-essays on over 600 films.
A film base is a transparent substrate which acts as a support medium for the photosensitive emulsion that lies atop it.
Film budgeting refers to the process by which a line producer, unit production manager, or production accountant prepares a budget for a film production.
Film criticism is the analysis and evaluation of films and the film medium.
A film director is a person who directs the making of a film.
A film distributor is responsible for the marketing of a film.
Film editing is a technical part of the post-production process of filmmaking.
A film festival is an organized, extended presentation of films in one or more cinemas or screening venues, usually in a single city or region.
A film format is a technical definition of a set of standard characteristics regarding image capture on photographic film, for either stills or filmmaking.
In filmmaking, video production, animation, and related fields, a frame is one of the many still images which compose the complete moving picture.
A film genre is a motion picture category based on similarities in either the narrative elements or the emotional response to the film (namely, serious, comic, etc.). Most theories of film genre are borrowed from literary genre criticism.
The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., film production companies, film studios, cinematography, animation, film production, screenwriting, pre-production, post production, film festivals, distribution; and actors, film directors, and other film crew personnel.
Film preservation, or film restoration, describes a series of ongoing efforts among film historians, archivists, museums, cinematheques, and non-profit organizations to rescue decaying film stock and preserve the images which they contain.
Film promotion is the practice of promotion specifically in the film industry, and usually occurs in coordination with the process of film distribution.
A film score (also sometimes called background score, background music, film soundtrack, film music, or incidental music) is original music written specifically to accompany a film.
A film screening is the displaying of a motion picture or film, generally referring to a special showing as part of a film's production and release cycle.
Film stock is an analog medium that is used for recording motion pictures or animation.
Film studies is an academic discipline that deals with various theoretical, historical, and critical approaches to films.
Film theory is a set of scholarly approaches within the academic discipline of cinema studies that questions the essentialism of cinema and provides conceptual frameworks for understanding film's relationship to reality, the other arts, individual viewers, and society at large.
Filmmaking (or, in an academic context, film production) is the process of making a film, generally in the sense of films intended for extensive theatrical exhibition.
In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.
First Blood is a 1982 American action film directed by Ted Kotcheff.
Form of life (Lebensform) is a technical term used by Ludwig Wittgenstein and others in the continental philosophy and philosophy of science traditions.
Formalist film theory is a theory of film study that is focused on the formal, or technical, elements of a film: i.e., the lighting, scoring, sound and set design, use of color, shot composition, and editing.
Frederick Walter Patten (born 1940) is known for his work as a historian in the science fiction, fantasy, anime, manga, and furry fandoms, where he has gained great distinction through a substantial contribution to both print and online books, magazines, and other media.
New Wave (La Nouvelle Vague) is often referred to as one of the most influential movements in the history of cinema.
Friedrich Christian Anton "Fritz" Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was an Austrian-German-American filmmaker, screenwriter, and occasional film producer and actor.
George Loening Hickenlooper III (May 25, 1963 – October 29, 2010) was an American narrative and documentary filmmaker.
Most of the terms listed in Wikipedia glossaries are already defined and explained within Wikipedia itself.
Hanna-Barbera Productions, Inc. (simply known as Hanna-Barbera and also referred to as H-B Enterprises, H-B Production Company and Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc.) was an American animation studio that served as a division of Warner Bros. Animation until it was absorbed by them.
Hearing, or auditory perception, is the ability to perceive sounds by detecting vibrations, changes in the pressure of the surrounding medium through time, through an organ such as the ear.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Although the start of the history of film is not clearly defined, the commercial, public screening of ten of Lumière brothers' short films in Paris on 28 December 1895 can be regarded as the breakthrough of projected cinematographic motion pictures.
Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California.
Home video is pre-recorded video media that is either sold, rented or streamed for home entertainment.
A horror film is a film that seeks to elicit a physiological reaction, such as an elevated heartbeat, through the use of fear and shocking one’s audiences.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
IMDb, also known as Internet Movie Database, is an online database of information related to world films, television programs, home videos and video games, and internet streams, including cast, production crew and personnel biographies, plot summaries, trivia, and fan reviews and ratings.
Independent animation is animated short cartoons and feature films produced outside the professional Hollywood animation industry.
An independent film, independent movie, indie film or indie movie is a feature film that is produced outside the major film studio system, in addition to being produced and distributed by independent entertainment companies.
The following is a list of video-related topics.
Ernst Ingmar Bergman (14 July 1918 – 30 July 2007) was a Swedish director, writer, and producer who worked in film, television, theatre and radio.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
Intolerance is a 1916 epic silent film directed by D. W. Griffith.
Jacques Marie Émile Lacan (13 April 1901 – 9 September 1981) was a French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist who has been called "the most controversial psycho-analyst since Freud".
The James Bond series focuses on a fictional British Secret Service agent created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short-story collections.
James Monaco (born 1942) is an American film critic, author, publisher, and educator.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The Japanese New Wave, in Japanese, is a blanket term used to describe a group of loosely connected Japanese filmmakers during the late 1950s and into the 1970s.
John James Rambo (born July 6, 1947) is a fictional character in the Rambo saga.
Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau (14 October 1801 – 15 September 1883) was a Belgian physicist.
The Kenner toy company produced a line of Star Wars action figures based on characters in the original Star Wars movie trilogy.
Kevin Michael Costner (born January 18, 1955) is an American actor, director, producer, and musician.
The Kinetoscope is an early motion picture exhibition device.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Leonard Charles Huia Lye (5 July 1901 – 15 May 1980), was a Christchurch, New Zealand-born artist known primarily for his experimental films and kinetic sculpture.
Helene Bertha Amalie "Leni" Riefenstahl (22 August 1902 – 8 September 2003) was a German film director, producer, screenwriter, editor, photographer, actress and dancer.
A lens is a transmissive optical device that focuses or disperses a light beam by means of refraction.
A license (American English) or licence (British English) is an official permission or permit to do, use, or own something (as well as the document of that permission or permit).
Limited animation is a process in the overall technique of traditional animation of creating animated cartoons that does not redraw entire frames but variably reuses common parts between frames.
A list of books which are dedicated to individual films or film series or related critical analysis.
This is a list of groups, organizations, and festivals that recognize achievements in cinema, usually by awarding various prizes.
This is a list of existing major film festivals, sorted by continent.
Film periodicals combine discussion of individual films, genres and directors with in-depth considerations of the medium and the conditions of its production and reception.
This is a list of film filmmaking, film distribution companies.
This list of years in film indexes the individual year in film pages.
This is an index of lists of films.
A lost film is a feature or short film that is no longer known to exist in any studio archives, private collections, or public archives, such as the U.S. Library of Congress.
Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26 April 1889 – 29 April 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language.
A magazine is a publication, usually a periodical publication, which is printed or electronically published (sometimes referred to as an online magazine).
The magic lantern, also known by its Latin name lanterna magica, is an early type of image projector employing pictures painted, printed or produced photographically on transparent plates (usually made of glass), one or more lenses, and a light source.
Martin Charles Scorsese (born November 17, 1942) is an American director, producer, screenwriter, actor and film historian, whose career spans more than 50 years.
Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.
Mise-en-scène ("placing on stage") is an expression used to describe the design aspect of a theatre or film production, which essentially means "visual theme" or "telling a story"—both in visually artful ways through storyboarding, cinematography and stage design, and in poetically artful ways through direction.
Mothlight is an experimental short film by Stan Brakhage, released in 1963.
The movie camera, film camera or cine-camera is a type of photographic camera which takes a rapid sequence of photographs on an image sensor or on a film.
A movie projector is an opto-mechanical device for displaying motion picture film by projecting it onto a screen.
A movie theater/theatre (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.
Multimedia is content that uses a combination of different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, video and interactive content.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
The Mutoscope was an early motion picture device, invented by W.K.L. Dickson and Herman Casler and later patented by Herman Casler on November 21, 1894.
New Hollywood, sometimes referred to as the "American New Wave," refers to a movement in American film history from the mid-to-late 1960s to the early 1980s when a new generation of young filmmakers came to prominence in the United States.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The New York University Tandon School of Engineering (commonly referred to as Tandon) is the engineering and applied sciences school of New York University.
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events.
Non-destructive editing is a form of audio, video or image editing where the original content is not modified in the course of editing, instead the edits are specified and modified by specialized software.
Norman McLaren, (11 April 1914 – 27 January 1987) was a Scottish Canadian animator, director and producer known for his work for the National Film Board of Canada (NFB).
Oberammergau Passion Play is a passion play performed since 1634 as a tradition by the inhabitants of the village of Oberammergau, Bavaria, Germany.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
An optical illusion (also called a visual illusion) is an illusion caused by the visual system and characterized by a visual percept that (loosely said) appears to differ from reality.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.
In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.
was a Japanese manga artist, cartoonist, animator, and film producer.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to film: Film – refers to motion pictures as individual projects and to the field in general.
Parallel cinema is a film movement in Indian cinema that originated in the state of West Bengal in the 1950s as an alternative to the mainstream commercial Indian cinema, represented especially by popular Hindi cinema, known today as Bollywood.
Paul Joseph Schrader (born July 22, 1946) is an American screenwriter, film director, and film critic.
Persistence of vision refers to the optical illusion that occurs when visual perception of an object does not cease for some time after the rays of light proceeding from it have ceased to enter the eye.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Peter Bogdanovich (Serbian: Петар Богдановић, Petar Bogdanović, born July 30, 1939) is an American director, writer, actor, producer, critic and film historian.
The phénakisticope (better known as phenakistiscope or the later misspelling phenakistoscope) was the first widespread animation device that created a fluid illusion of motion.
The phi phenomenon is the optical illusion of perceiving a series of still images, when viewed in rapid succession, as continuous motion.
Photographic emulsion is a light-sensitive colloid used in film-based photography.
Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals.
Photographic plates preceded photographic film as a capture medium in photography.
Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.
A play is a form of literature written by a playwright, usually consisting of dialogue between characters, intended for theatrical performance rather than just reading.
A polarized 3D system uses polarization glasses to create the illusion of three-dimensional images by restricting the light that reaches each eye (an example of stereoscopy).
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
A post-credits scene (also called a tag, stinger, coda, after-credits sequence or credit cookie) is a short clip that appears after all or some of the closing credits have rolled and sometimes after a production logo of a film, TV series or video game have run.
Post-production is part of the process of filmmaking, video production, and photography.
The praxinoscope was an animation device, the successor to the zoetrope.
Pre-production is the process of fixing some of the elements involved in a film, play, or other performance.
A prequel is a literary, dramatic, or cinematic work whose story precedes that of a previous work, by focusing on events that occur before the original narrative.
Previews are a set of public performances of a theatrical presentation that precede its official opening.
Product placement, also known as embedded marketing, is a marketing technique in which references to specific brands or products are incorporated into another work, such as a film or television program, with specific promotional intent.
A projection screen is an installation consisting of a surface and a support structure used for displaying a projected image for the view of an audience.
A propaganda film is a film that involves some form of propaganda.
Psychoanalytic film theory is a school of academic thought that evokes of the concepts of psychoanalysts Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan.
A reel is an object around which lengths of another material (usually long and flexible) are wound for storage.
Ricciotto Canudo (2 January 1877, Gioia del Colle – 10 November 1923, Paris) was an early Italian film theoretician who lived primarily in France.
Rudolf Arnheim (July 15, 1904 – June 9, 2007) was a German-born author, art and film theorist, and perceptual psychologist.
Sales is activity related to selling or the amount of goods or services sold in a given time period.
In filmmaking and video production, a scene is generally thought of as the action in a single location and continuous time.
A screenplay writer (also called screenwriter for short), scriptwriter or scenarist is a writer who practices the craft of screenwriting, writing screenplays on which mass media, such as films, television programs, comics or video games, are based.
Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.
Separation masters are a method of long-term preservation for most modern color motion picture film.
A sequel is a literature, film, theatre, television, music or video game that continues the story of, or expands upon, some earlier work.
Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein (p; 11 February 1948) was a Soviet film director and film theorist, a pioneer in the theory and practice of montage.
Set construction is the process undertaken by a construction manager to build full-scale scenery, as specified by a production designer or art director working in collaboration with the director of a production to create a set for a theatrical, film or television production.
A short film is any motion picture not long enough to be considered a feature film.
In filmmaking and video production, a shot is a series of frames, that runs for an uninterrupted period of time.
Siegfried Kracauer (February 8, 1889 – November 26, 1966) was a German writer, journalist, sociologist, cultural critic, and film theorist.
A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound (and in particular, no spoken dialogue).
A silver screen, also known as a silver lenticular screen, is a type of projection screen that was popular in the early years of the motion picture industry and passed into popular usage as a metonym for the cinema industry.
In physics, sound is a vibration that typically propagates as an audible wave of pressure, through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid.
A sound effect (or audio effect) is an artificially created or enhanced sound, or sound process used to emphasize artistic or other content of films, television shows, live performance, animation, video games, music, or other media.
A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film.
Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.
Sound-on-film is a class of sound film processes where the sound accompanying picture is physically recorded onto photographic film, usually, but not always, the same strip of film carrying the picture.
A soundtrack, also written sound track, can be recorded music accompanying and synchronized to the images of a motion picture, book, television program or video game; a commercially released soundtrack album of music as featured in the soundtrack of a film, video or television presentation; or the physical area of a film that contains the synchronized recorded sound.
James Stanley Brakhage (January 14, 1933 – March 9, 2003), better known as Stan Brakhage, was an American non-narrative filmmaker.
Stereophonic sound or, more commonly, stereo, is a method of sound reproduction that creates an illusion of multi-directional audible perspective.
Stop motion is an animated-film making technique in which objects are physically manipulated in small increments between individually photographed frames so that they appear to exhibit independent motion when the series of frames is played back as a fast sequence.
A storyboard is a graphic organizer in the form of illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of pre-visualizing a motion picture, animation, motion graphic or interactive media sequence.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
Structuralist film theory is a branch of film theory that is rooted in structuralism, itself based on structural linguistics.
The studio system (which was used during a period known as the Golden Age of Hollywood) is a method of film production and distribution dominated by a small number of "major" studios in Hollywood.
Subtitles are text derived from either a transcript or screenplay of the dialog or commentary in films, television programs, video games, and the like, usually displayed at the bottom of the screen, but can also be at the top of the screen if there is already text at the bottom of the screen.
Take the Money and Run is a 1969 American mockumentary comedy film directed by Woody Allen and starring Allen and Janet Margolin (with Louise Lasser in a small role).
Technicolor is a series of color motion picture processes, the first version dating from 1916, and followed by improved versions over several decades.
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
A television film (also known as a TV movie, TV film, television movie, telefilm, telemovie, made-for-television movie, made-for-television film, direct-to-TV movie, direct-to-TV film, movie of the week, feature-length drama, single drama and original movie) is a feature-length motion picture that is produced for, and originally distributed by or to, a television network, in contrast to theatrical films, which are made explicitly for initial showing in movie theaters.
A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.
The Birth of a Nation (originally called The Clansman) is a 1915 American silent epic drama film directed and co-produced by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.
The Kiss (also known as The May Irwin Kiss, The Rice-Irwin Kiss and The Widow Jones) is an 1896 film, and was one of the first films ever shown commercially to the public.
The New Biographical Dictionary of Film is a reference book written by film critic David Thomson, originally published by Martin Secker & Warburg Ltd in 1975 under the title A Biographical Dictionary of Cinema. Organized by personality, it is an exhaustive inventory of those involved in international cinema, whether contemporary or historical, elite or esoteric.
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.
A theory is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking.
Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text.
The Tribeca Film Festival is a prominent film festival held in the Tribeca neighborhood of Manhattan, showcasing a diverse selection of independent films.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
United Productions of America, better known as UPA, was an American animation studio active from the 1940s through the 1970s.
Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation.
Veoh is an Internet television company based in San Diego, California.
The Video Home System (VHS) is a standard for consumer-level analog video recording on tape cassettes.
Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.
Video editing software is an application program which handles the post-production video editing of digital video sequences on a computer non-linear editing system (NLE).
Video on demand is a programming system which allows users to select and watch/listen to video or audio content such as movies and TV shows whenever they choose, rather than at a scheduled broadcast time, the method that prevailed with over-the-air programming during the 20th century.
A video projector is an image projector that receives a video signal and projects the corresponding image on a projection screen using a lens system.
A video tape recorder (VTR) is a tape recorder designed to record and playback video and audio material on magnetic tape.
Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing video and usually sound in addition.
A Vietnam veteran is someone who served in the armed forces of participating countries during the Vietnam War.
The visual arts are art forms such as ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, photography, video, filmmaking, and architecture.
Visual Effects (abbreviated VFX) is the process by which imagery is created or manipulated outside the context of a live action shot in film making.
Waterworld is a 1995 American post-apocalyptic science fiction action film directed by Kevin Reynolds and co-written by Peter Rader and David Twohy.
A web film is a film made with the medium of the Internet and its distribution constraints in mind.
Widescreen images are images that are displayed within a set of aspect ratios (relationship of image width to height) that is used in film, television and computer screens.
Major Woodville Latham (1837–1911) was an ordnance officer of the Confederacy during the American Civil War and professor of chemistry at West Virginia University.
Heywood Allen (born Allan Stewart Konigsberg; December 1, 1935) is an American director, writer, actor, comedian, and musician whose career spans more than six decades.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Yahoo! Movies (formerly Upcoming Movies), provided by the Yahoo! network, is home to a large collection of information on movies, past and new releases, trailers and clips, box office information, and showtimes and movie theater information.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
A zoetrope is one of several pre-film animation devices that produce the illusion of motion by displaying a sequence of drawings or photographs showing progressive phases of that motion.
The zoöpraxiscope (initially named zoographiscope and zoogyroscope) is an early device for displaying moving images and is considered an important predecessor of the movie projector.
In film making, the 180-degree rule is a basic guideline regarding the on-screen spatial relationship between a character and another character or object within a scene.
35 mm film (millimeter) is the film gauge most commonly used for motion pictures and chemical still photography (see 135 film).
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