48 relations: Asteroid, Astronomical system of units, Astronomical unit, Astronomy, Barycentric Dynamical Time, Cambridge University Press, Cavendish experiment, Chandrasekhar limit, Comet, Coronal mass ejection, CRC Press, Earth mass, Elliptic orbit, Galaxy, Gamma ray, Gaussian gravitational constant, General relativity, Geocentric Coordinate Time, Gravitational constant, Henry Cavendish, Isaac Newton, Jupiter mass, Long and short scales, Main sequence, Minute and second of arc, Moon, Names of large numbers, Nebula, Nuclear fusion, Orbital period, Orders of magnitude (mass), Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Proton–proton chain reaction, Rutgers University Press, Schwarzschild radius, Solar core, Solar luminosity, Solar System, Solar wind, Standard gravitational parameter, Star, Star cluster, Stellar mass, Sun, Sungrazing comet, Tonne, Torsion spring, Yotta-.

## Asteroid

Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.

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## Astronomical system of units

The astronomical system of units, formally called the IAU (1976) System of Astronomical Constants, is a system of measurement developed for use in astronomy.

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## Astronomical unit

The astronomical unit (symbol: au, ua, or AU) is a unit of length, roughly the distance from Earth to the Sun.

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## Astronomy

Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.

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## Barycentric Dynamical Time

Barycentric Dynamical Time (TDB, from the French Temps Dynamique Barycentrique) is a relativistic coordinate time scale, intended for astronomical use as a time standard to take account of time dilation when calculating orbits and astronomical ephemerides of planets, asteroids, comets and interplanetary spacecraft in the Solar System.

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## Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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## Cavendish experiment

The Cavendish experiment, performed in 1797–1798 by British scientist Henry Cavendish, was the first experiment to measure the force of gravity between masses in the laboratory and the first to yield accurate values for the gravitational constant.

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## Chandrasekhar limit

The Chandrasekhar limit is the maximum mass of a stable white dwarf star.

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## Comet

A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, warms and begins to release gases, a process called outgassing.

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## Coronal mass ejection

A coronal mass ejection (CME) is a significant release of plasma and magnetic field from the solar corona.

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## CRC Press

The CRC Press, LLC is a publishing group based in the United States that specializes in producing technical books.

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## Earth mass

Earth mass (where ⊕ is the standard astronomical symbol for planet Earth) is the unit of mass equal to that of Earth.

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## Elliptic orbit

In astrodynamics or celestial mechanics, an elliptic orbit or elliptical orbit is a Kepler orbit with an eccentricity of less than 1; this includes the special case of a circular orbit, with eccentricity equal to 0.

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## Galaxy

A galaxy is a gravitationally bound system of stars, stellar remnants, interstellar gas, dust, and dark matter.

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## Gamma ray

A gamma ray or gamma radiation (symbol γ or \gamma), is penetrating electromagnetic radiation arising from the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei.

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## Gaussian gravitational constant

The Gaussian gravitational constant (symbol) is a parameter used in the orbital mechanics of the solar system.

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## General relativity

General relativity (GR, also known as the general theory of relativity or GTR) is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1915 and the current description of gravitation in modern physics.

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## Geocentric Coordinate Time

Geocentric Coordinate Time (TCG - Temps-coordonnée géocentrique) is a coordinate time standard intended to be used as the independent variable of time for all calculations pertaining to precession, nutation, the Moon, and artificial satellites of the Earth.

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## Gravitational constant

The gravitational constant (also known as the "universal gravitational constant", the "Newtonian constant of gravitation", or the "Cavendish gravitational constant"), denoted by the letter, is an empirical physical constant involved in the calculation of gravitational effects in Sir Isaac Newton's law of universal gravitation and in Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity.

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## Henry Cavendish

Henry Cavendish FRS (10 October 1731 – 24 February 1810) was a British natural philosopher, scientist, and an important experimental and theoretical chemist and physicist.

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## Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.

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## Jupiter mass

Jupiter mass, also called Jovian mass is the unit of mass equal to the total mass of the planet Jupiter.

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## Long and short scales

The long and short scales are two of several large-number naming systems for integer powers of ten that use the same words with different meanings.

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## Main sequence

In astronomy, the main sequence is a continuous and distinctive band of stars that appear on plots of stellar color versus brightness.

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## Minute and second of arc

A minute of arc, arcminute (arcmin), arc minute, or minute arc is a unit of angular measurement equal to of one degree.

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## Moon

The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.

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## Names of large numbers

This article lists and discusses the usage and derivation of names of large numbers, together with their possible extensions.

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## Nebula

A nebula (Latin for "cloud" or "fog"; pl. nebulae, nebulæ, or nebulas) is an interstellar cloud of dust, hydrogen, helium and other ionized gases.

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## Nuclear fusion

In nuclear physics, nuclear fusion is a reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei come close enough to form one or more different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles (neutrons or protons).

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## Orbital period

The orbital period is the time a given astronomical object takes to complete one orbit around another object, and applies in astronomy usually to planets or asteroids orbiting the Sun, moons orbiting planets, exoplanets orbiting other stars, or binary stars.

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## Orders of magnitude (mass)

To help compare different orders of magnitude, the following lists describe various mass levels between 10−40 kg and 1053 kg.

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## Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica

Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Latin for Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy), often referred to as simply the Principia, is a work in three books by Isaac Newton, in Latin, first published 5 July 1687.

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## Proton–proton chain reaction

The proton–proton chain reaction is one of the two (known) sets of fusion reactions by which stars convert hydrogen to helium.

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## Rutgers University Press

Rutgers University Press is a nonprofit academic publishing house, operating in New Brunswick, New Jersey under the auspices of Rutgers University.

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## Schwarzschild radius

The Schwarzschild radius (sometimes historically referred to as the gravitational radius) is a physical parameter that shows up in the Schwarzschild solution to Einstein's field equations, corresponding to the radius defining the event horizon of a Schwarzschild black hole.

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## Solar core

The core of the Sun is considered to extend from the center to about 0.2 to 0.25 of solar radius.

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## Solar luminosity

The solar luminosity,, is a unit of radiant flux (power emitted in the form of photons) conventionally used by astronomers to measure the luminosity of stars, galaxies and other celestial objects in terms of the output of the Sun.

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## Solar System

The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.

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## Solar wind

The solar wind is a stream of charged particles released from the upper atmosphere of the Sun, called the corona.

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## Standard gravitational parameter

In celestial mechanics, the standard gravitational parameter μ of a celestial body is the product of the gravitational constant G and the mass M of the body.

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## Star

A star is type of astronomical object consisting of a luminous spheroid of plasma held together by its own gravity.

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## Star cluster

Star clusters are groups of stars.

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## Stellar mass

Stellar mass is a phrase that is used by astronomers to describe the mass of a star.

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## Sun

The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.

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## Sungrazing comet

A sungrazing comet is a comet that passes extremely close to the Sun at perihelion – sometimes within a few thousand kilometres of the Sun's surface.

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## Tonne

The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.

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## Torsion spring

A torsion spring is a spring that works by torsion or twisting; that is, a flexible elastic object that stores mechanical energy when it is twisted.

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## Yotta-

Yotta is the largest decimal unit prefix in the metric system, denoting a factor of 1024 or; that is, one million million million million, or one septillion.

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## Redirects here:

Mass of Sun, Mass of the Sun, M⊙, M☉, Solar Mass, Solar masses, Solar weight, Solar-mass, Sun mass, Sun's mass, Sun's weight, The Sun's mass, The Sun's weight, The mass of the Sun, The weight of the Sun, Weight of the Sun.