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Southern Railway (UK)

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The Southern Railway (SR), sometimes shortened to 'Southern', was a British railway company established in the 1923 Grouping. [1]

262 relations: Airspeed Horsa, Alfred W. Szlumper, Allies of World War II, Arun Valley line, Ashford railway works, Atlantic Coast Express, Axminster, Balcombe tunnel, Batsford, Bearsted, Big Four (British railway companies), Blackfriars station, Bluebell Railway, Bournemouth Belle, BR Standard Class 3 2-6-2T, Bricklayers' Arms, Brighton, Brighton Belle, Brighton main line, Brighton railway station, Brighton railway works, British people, British Rail, British Rail Class 12, British Rail Class 401, British Rail Class 402, British Rail Class 404, British Rail Class 405, British Rail Class 70 (electric), British Rail Class D16/2, British Rail Class D3/12, British Railway Milk Tank Wagon, British Transport Commission, Brittany, Bude, Bulleid chain-driven valve gear, Bulleid Firth Brown wheel, Calais, Cannon Street station, Catford Loop Line, Channel Islands, Charing Cross railway station, Chatham main line, Chief mechanical engineer, Civil engineer, Clapham Junction railway station, Classification yard, Clayton Tunnel, Coat of arms, Concrete, ..., Cornwall, Dartmoor Railway, Devon, Devon Belle, Diesel locomotive, Dover, Dunkirk, East Coastway line, East London line, Eastbourne, Eastbourne railway station, Eastleigh Works, Edward Middleton Barry, Effingham Junction railway station, Electric multiple unit, English Channel, English Electric, Eustace Missenden, Everard Baring, Exeter, Exeter to Plymouth railway of the LSWR, Exmouth, Exmouth Junction, Feltham, Feltham marshalling yard, Firebox (steam engine), Folkestone, France, French Renaissance architecture, General Aircraft Hamilcar, George Medal, Gerald Loder, 1st Baron Wakehurst, Gilbert Szlumper, Go-Ahead Group, Golden Arrow (train), Govia, Great Torrington, Great Western Railway, Guildford, Guildford railway station, GWR Autocoach, Hampshire, Hastings, Hastings line, Hastings railway station, Herbert Ashcombe Walker, Heritage railway, Hither Green marshalling yard, HMS Arpha, Holborn Viaduct railway station, Hoo Peninsula, Horsham, Ilfracombe branch line, InterCity, Isle of Wight, Isle of Wight Steam Railway, Italianate architecture, John Elliot (railway manager), John Urpeth Rastrick, Joseph Locke, Kent, Kent Coast line, Keolis, Lancing Carriage Works, List of constituents of the Southern Railway, List of named passenger trains of the United Kingdom, List of railway stations in Dover, Littlehampton, Liverpool, LMS Royal Scot Class, Loading gauge, Locomotives of the Southern Railway, London, London and Brighton Railway, London and North Eastern Railway, London and South Western Railway, London and Southampton Railway, London Bridge station, London Transport Executive, London Victoria station, London Waterloo station, London, Brighton and South Coast Railway, London, Chatham and Dover Railway, London, Midland and Scottish Railway, LSWR H15 class, LSWR N15 class, Luftwaffe, Lullingstone, Lullingstone Airfield, Lyme Regis, Maidstone, Main line (railway), Major general, Malachite green, Margate, Merstham tunnels, Micheldever, Military glider, Ministry of War Transport, Mixed-traffic locomotive, MV Pelikan, Nationalization, Newhaven, East Sussex, Nigel Gresley, Night Ferry, Nine Elms Locomotive Works, Norfolk Southern Railway, Normandy, North Downs, North Downs Line, Oliver Bulleid, Operation Overlord, Ouse Valley Viaduct, Padstow, Padstow railway station (England), Passenger car (rail), Patcham Tunnel, Plymouth, Port of Newhaven, Port of Southampton, Portland Branch Railway, Portsmouth, Portsmouth Direct line, Portsmouth Harbour railway station, Queenborough, Railcar, Railway Correspondence and Travel Society, Railways Act 1921, Reading Southern railway station, Richard Maunsell, River Itchen, Hampshire, River Loddon, River Test, River Thames, Rolling stock, Rye, East Sussex, Salisbury, Seaside resort, Seaton, Devon, Sevenoaks, Shakespeare Cliff Halt railway station, Shunting (rail), Sidmouth, SNCF, Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway, South Croydon, South Downs, South Eastern and Chatham Railway, South Eastern main line, South Eastern Railway, UK, South West England, South Western main line, Southampton, Southampton Terminus railway station, Southeastern (train operating company), Southern (Govia Thameslink Railway), Southern National, Southern Railway (UK), Southern Railway multiple unit numbering and classification, Southern Railway routes west of Salisbury, Southern Region of British Railways, Southern Vectis, Spa Valley Railway, SR class 3Sub, SR Class 4DD, SR Class 4Lav, SR Class 6Pul, SR Class CP, SR Class SL, SR Leader class, SR locomotive numbering and classification, SR Lord Nelson class, SR Merchant Navy class, SR Q class, SR Q1 class, SR V Schools class, SR West Country and Battle of Britain classes, SS Victoria (1907), SS Worthing, Steam locomotive, Strood, Surrey, Sussex, Sutton and Mole Valley lines, Swanage Railway, Tavern, Thanet Belle, The Dyke railway station, The Railway Magazine, Transport Act 1947, UIC classification of locomotive axle arrangements, United Dairies, Wall Street Crash of 1929, War effort, Watercress Line, Waterloo & City line, Weald, West Coastway line, West London line, West London Railway, West of England line, Western Region of British Railways, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Weston, Clevedon and Portishead Light Railway, Whitstable, Wimbledon, London, Winchester, World War I, World War II, Wrotham, 2-8-0, 4-4-0. 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Airspeed Horsa

The Airspeed AS.51 Horsa was a British troop-carrying glider used during the Second World War.

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Alfred W. Szlumper

Alfred Weeks Slzumper (24 May 1858 – 11 November 1934) was a British railway engineer.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Arun Valley line

The Arun Valley line, also known as the Mid Sussex line, is part of the Southern and Thameslink operated railway services.

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Ashford railway works

Ashford railway works was in the town of Ashford in the county of Kent in England.

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Atlantic Coast Express

The Atlantic Coast Express (ACE) is an express passenger train in England that has operated at various times between London and seaside resorts in the South West England.

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Axminster

Axminster is a market town and civil parish on the eastern border of the county of Devon in England, some from the county town of Exeter.

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Balcombe tunnel

Balcombe tunnel is a railway tunnel on the Brighton Main Line through the Sussex Weald between Three Bridges and Balcombe.

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Batsford

Batsford is a village and civil parish in the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, England.

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Bearsted

Bearsted is a village and civil parish with railway station in mid-Kent, England, two miles (3.2 km) east of Maidstone town centre.

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Big Four (British railway companies)

The Big Four was a name used to describe the four largest railway companies in the United Kingdom in the period 1923–47.

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Blackfriars station

Blackfriars, also known as London Blackfriars, is a central London railway station and connected London Underground station located in the City of London.

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Bluebell Railway

The Bluebell Railway is a heritage line almost entirely in West Sussex in England, except for Sheffield Park which is in East Sussex.

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Bournemouth Belle

The Bournemouth Belle was a named train run by the Southern Railway (Great Britain) from 1931 until nationalisation in 1948 (with a break for the war until 1947) and subsequently by British Railways until it was withdrawn on 9 July 1967.

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BR Standard Class 3 2-6-2T

The BR Standard Class 3 2-6-2T was a class of steam locomotive designed by Robert Riddles for British Railways.

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Bricklayers' Arms

Bricklayers' Arms is a busy road intersection between the A2 and the London Inner Ring Road in south London, England.

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Brighton

Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England which is part of the city of Brighton and Hove, East Sussex, 47 miles (75 km) south of London.

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Brighton Belle

The Brighton Belle was a named train which was operated by the Southern Railway and subsequently by British Rail from Victoria Station in London to Brighton, on the Sussex coast.

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Brighton main line

The Brighton Main Line (also known as the South Central Main Line) is a British railway line divided in the north into two sections running from London Victoria and London Bridge to Brighton.

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Brighton railway station

Brighton railway station is the southern terminus of the Brighton Main Line in England, and the principal station serving the city of Brighton, East Sussex.

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Brighton railway works

Brighton railway works (also known as Brighton locomotive works, or just the Brighton works) was one of the earliest railway-owned locomotive repair works, founded in 1840 by the London and Brighton Railway in Brighton, England, and thus pre-dating the more famous railway works at Crewe, Doncaster and Swindon.

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British people

The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies.

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British Rail

British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the state-owned company that operated most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997.

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British Rail Class 12

The British Rail Class 12 is a diesel locomotive built primarily for shunting duties around London.

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British Rail Class 401

The Southern Railway (SR) gave the designation 2-BIL to the DC third rail electric multiple units built during the 1930s to work long-distance semi-fast services on the newly electrified lines from London to Eastbourne, Portsmouth and Reading.

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British Rail Class 402

The Southern Railway (SR) gave the designation 2-HAL to the electric multiple units built during the late 1930s to work long-distance semi-fast services on the newly electrified lines from London Victoria to Maidstone and Gillingham (Kent).

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British Rail Class 404

The Southern Railway (SR) gave the designations '''4-COR''', '''4-RES''', '''4-BUF''' and '''4-GRI''' to the different types of electric multiple unit built to work the route between London Waterloo and Portsmouth Harbour.

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British Rail Class 405

Under the British Rail TOPS computer system, Class 405 was allocated to surviving examples of the Southern Railway (United Kingdom) 4-Sub Class electric multiple units built between 1941 and 1951.

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British Rail Class 70 (electric)

The British Rail Class 70 was a class of three 3rd rail Co-Co electric locomotives.

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British Rail Class D16/2

British Railways Class D16/2 was a class of prototype diesel locomotive built by BR at Ashford Works and introduced in 1950–1951, with a third example being introduced in 1954.

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British Rail Class D3/12

British Rail class D3/12 was a class of three experimental diesel-electric shunting locomotives designed by Richard Maunsell of the Southern Railway in 1937.

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British Railway Milk Tank Wagon

Milk tank wagons were a common sight on railways in the United Kingdom from the early 1930s to the late 1960s.

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British Transport Commission

The British Transport Commission (BTC) was created by Clement Attlee's post-war Labour government as a part of its nationalisation programme, to oversee railways, canals and road freight transport in Great Britain (Northern Ireland had the separate Ulster Transport Authority).

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Brittany

Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.

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Bude

Bude (Porthbud) is a small seaside resort town in north Cornwall, England, UK, in the civil parish of Bude-Stratton and at the mouth of the River Neet (also known locally as the River Strat).

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Bulleid chain-driven valve gear

The Bulleid chain-driven valve gear is a type of steam locomotive valve gear designed by Oliver Bulleid during the Second World War for use on his Pacific (4-6-2) designs.

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Bulleid Firth Brown wheel

The Bulleid Firth Brown wheel was a locomotive wheel developed for the Southern Railway in the late 1930s.

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Calais

Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.

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Cannon Street station

Cannon Street station, also known as London Cannon Street, is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in Travelcard zone 1 located on Cannon Street in the City of London and managed by Network Rail.

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Catford Loop Line

The Catford Loop Line is a railway line in southeast London.

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Channel Islands

The Channel Islands (Norman: Îles d'la Manche; French: Îles Anglo-Normandes or Îles de la Manche) are an archipelago in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy.

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Charing Cross railway station

Charing Cross railway station (also known as London Charing Cross) is a central London railway terminus between the Strand and Hungerford Bridge in the City of Westminster.

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Chatham main line

The Chatham main line is a railway line in England that links London Victoria and Dover Priory / Ramsgate, travelling via Medway (of which the town of Chatham is part, hence the name).

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Chief mechanical engineer

Chief mechanical engineer and locomotive superintendent are titles applied by British, Australian, and New Zealand railway companies to the person ultimately responsible to the board of the company for the building and maintaining of the locomotives and rolling stock.

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Civil engineer

A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering – the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health, as well as improving existing infrastructures that have been neglected.

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Clapham Junction railway station

Clapham Junction railway station is a major railway station and transport hub near St John's Hill in south-west Battersea in the London Borough of Wandsworth.

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Classification yard

A classification yard (American and Canadian English) or marshalling yard (British, Hong Kong, Indian, Australian and Canadian English) is a railway yard found at some freight train stations, used to separate railway cars onto one of several tracks.

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Clayton Tunnel

Clayton Tunnel is a railway tunnel located in the village of Pyecombe near the village of Clayton, West Sussex between Hassocks and Preston Park railway stations on the Brighton Main Line.

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Coat of arms

A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.

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Concrete

Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.

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Cornwall

Cornwall (Kernow) is a county in South West England in the United Kingdom.

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Dartmoor Railway

The Dartmoor Railway is a long railway line in Devon, England.

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Devon

Devon, also known as Devonshire, which was formerly its common and official name, is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.

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Devon Belle

The Devon Belle was a luxury express passenger train in England which ran between London Waterloo station and Ilfracombe and Plymouth in Devon in the years from 1947 to 1954.

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Diesel locomotive

A diesel locomotive is a type of railway locomotive in which the prime mover is a diesel engine.

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Dover

Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.

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Dunkirk

Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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East Coastway line

The East Coastway line is a railway line along the south coast of Sussex to the east of Brighton, England.

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East London line

The East London line is part of the London Overground, running north to south through the East, Docklands and South areas of London.

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Eastbourne

Eastbourne is a town, seaside resort and borough in the non-metropolitan county of East Sussex on the south coast of England, east of Brighton.

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Eastbourne railway station

Eastbourne railway station serves the seaside town of Eastbourne in East Sussex, England.

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Eastleigh Works

Eastleigh Works is a locomotive, carriage and wagon building and repair facility in the town of Eastleigh, in the county of Hampshire in England.

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Edward Middleton Barry

Edward Middleton Barry RA (7 June 1830 – 27 January 1880) was an English architect of the 19th century.

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Effingham Junction railway station

Effingham Junction railway station is just north of the far northern border of the village of Effingham, closer to the centre of East Horsley, homes of which it borders, in Surrey, England.

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Electric multiple unit

An electric multiple unit or EMU is a multiple-unit train consisting of self-propelled carriages, using electricity as the motive power.

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English Channel

The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.

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English Electric

The English Electric Company Limited was a British industrial manufacturer formed after the armistice of World War I at the end of 1918.

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Eustace Missenden

Sir Eustace Missenden –) was a British railwayman, successively the last General Manager of the Southern Railway and the first Chairman of the Railway Executive.

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Everard Baring

Brigadier-General the Honourable Everard Baring, CBE, CVO (5 December 1865 — 7 May 1932) was a British Army officer and Chairman of the Southern Railway.

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Exeter

Exeter is a cathedral city in Devon, England, with a population of 129,800 (mid-2016 EST).

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Exeter to Plymouth railway of the LSWR

The Exeter to Plymouth railway of the London and South Western Railway (LSWR) was the westernmost part of a route competing with that of the Great Western Railway (GWR) and its 'associated companies' from London and Exeter to Plymouth in Devon, England.

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Exmouth

Exmouth is a port town, civil parish and seaside resort, sited on the east bank of the mouth of the River Exe.

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Exmouth Junction

Exmouth Junction is the railway junction where the Exmouth branch line diverges from the London Waterloo to Exeter main line in Exeter, Devon, England.

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Feltham

Feltham is a large town in the London Borough of Hounslow, west London, England, west of Twickenham, south-west of Hounslow and north of Walton-on-Thames.

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Feltham marshalling yard

Feltham marshalling yard, also known as Feltham hump yard, was a large railway marshalling yard designed for the concentration of freight traffic to and from South West London, and for transfer to other marshalling yards in London.

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Firebox (steam engine)

In a steam engine, the firebox is the area where the fuel is burned, producing heat to boil the water in the boiler.

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Folkestone

Folkestone is a port town on the English Channel, in Kent, south-east England.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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French Renaissance architecture

French Renaissance architecture is the name given to the French architecture, between the 15th and early 17th centuries, in different regions of the Kingdom of France.

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General Aircraft Hamilcar

The General Aircraft Limited GAL.

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George Medal

The George Medal (GM), instituted on 24 September 1940 by King George VI,British Gallantry Medals (Abbott and Tamplin), p.138 is a decoration of the United Kingdom and Commonwealth, awarded for gallantry "not in the face of the enemy" where the services were not so outstanding as to merit the George Cross.

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Gerald Loder, 1st Baron Wakehurst

Gerald Walter Erskine Loder, 1st Baron Wakehurst, JP DL LLB (25 October 1861 – 30 April 1936) was a British barrister, businessman and Conservative politician.

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Gilbert Szlumper

Major-General Gilbert Savil Szlumper, CBE, TD (1884–1969) was a British railwayman, and the penultimate General Manager of the Southern Railway.

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Go-Ahead Group

The Go-Ahead Group plc is a provider of passenger transport in the UK, with over one billion journeys made on its bus and trains services each year.

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Golden Arrow (train)

The Golden Arrow (Flèche d’Or) was a luxury boat train of the Southern Railway and later British Railways.

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Govia

Govia is a transport company based in the United Kingdom.

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Great Torrington

Great Torrington (often abbreviated to Torrington, though the villages of Little Torrington and Black Torrington are situated in the same region) is a small market town in the north of Devon, England.

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Great Western Railway

The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company that linked London with the south-west and west of England, the Midlands, and most of Wales.

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Guildford

Guildford is a large town in Surrey, England, United Kingdom located southwest of central London on the A3 trunk road midway between the capital and Portsmouth.

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Guildford railway station

Guildford railway station is at one of three main railway junctions on the Portsmouth Direct Line and serves the town of Guildford in Surrey, England.

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GWR Autocoach

The GWR Autocoach (or auto-trailer) is a type of coach that was used by the Great Western Railway for push-pull trains powered by a steam locomotive.

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Hampshire

Hampshire (abbreviated Hants) is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom.

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Hastings

Hastings is a town and borough in East Sussex on the south coast of England, east of the county town of Lewes and south east of London.

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Hastings line

The Hastings line is a secondary railway line in Kent and East Sussex, England, linking with the main town of, and from there into London via and.

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Hastings railway station

Hastings railway station is the southern terminus of the Hastings line in the south of England and is one of four stations that serve the town of Hastings, East Sussex.

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Herbert Ashcombe Walker

Sir Herbert Ashcombe Walker, KCB (15 May 1868 – 29 September 1949) was a British railway manager.

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Heritage railway

A heritage railway is a railway operated as living history to re-create or preserve railway scenes of the past.

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Hither Green marshalling yard

Hither Green marshalling yard, is a large railway marshalling yard designed for the concentration of freight traffic to and from South East London, and for transfer to other yards in London.

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HMS Arpha

Arpha was a passenger ferry built in 1900 as Canterbury for the South Eastern and Chatham Railway.

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Holborn Viaduct railway station

Holborn Viaduct was a railway station in the City of London, providing local and commuter services.

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Hoo Peninsula

The Hoo Peninsula is a peninsula in Kent, England (United Kingdom) separating the estuaries of the rivers Thames and Medway.

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Horsham

Horsham is a market town on the upper reaches of the River Arun on the fringe of the Weald in West Sussex, England.

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Ilfracombe branch line

The Ilfracombe branch of the London & South Western Railway (LSWR), ran between Barnstaple and Ilfracombe in North Devon.

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InterCity

InterCity (commonly abbreviated IC on timetables and tickets) is the classification applied to certain long-distance passenger train services in Europe.

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Isle of Wight

The Isle of Wight (also referred to informally as The Island or abbreviated to IOW) is a county and the largest and second-most populous island in England.

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Isle of Wight Steam Railway

The Isle of Wight Steam Railway is a heritage railway on the Isle of Wight.

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Italianate architecture

The Italianate style of architecture was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture.

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John Elliot (railway manager)

Sir John Elliot (6 May 1898 – 18 September 1988) was a British transport and railway manager.

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John Urpeth Rastrick

John Urpeth Rastrick (26 January 1780 – 1 November 1856) was one of the first English steam locomotive builders.

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Joseph Locke

Joseph Locke (9 August 1805 – 18 September 1860) was a notable English civil engineer of the nineteenth century, particularly associated with railway projects.

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Kent

Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.

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Kent Coast line

The Kent Coast Line is the railway line that runs from Dover Priory to Margate in the English county of Kent.

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Keolis

Keolis is the largest private sector French transport group.

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Lancing Carriage Works

Lancing carriage and wagon works was a railway carriage and wagon building and maintenance facility in the village of Lancing in the county of West Sussex in England from 1911 until 1965.

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List of constituents of the Southern Railway

The Southern Railway in the United Kingdom was one of the "Big Four" railway companies set up after the 1923 Grouping.

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List of named passenger trains of the United Kingdom

This is a list of named passenger trains in the United Kingdom.

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List of railway stations in Dover

Dover, Kent has had numerous railway stations due to the legacy of competition between the South Eastern Railway (SER) and London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR) and the subsequent rationalisation attempts by their successors; South Eastern and Chatham Railway (SECR), Southern Railway and British Rail Southern Region.

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Littlehampton

Littlehampton is a seaside resort and pleasure harbour, and the most populous civil parish in the Arun District of West Sussex, England.

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Liverpool

Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.

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LMS Royal Scot Class

The London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) Royal Scot Class is a class of 4-6-0 express passenger locomotive introduced in 1927.

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Loading gauge

A loading gauge defines the maximum height and width for railway vehicles and their loads to ensure safe passage through bridges, tunnels and other structures.

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Locomotives of the Southern Railway

The Southern Railway took a key role in expanding the 660 V DC third rail electrified network begun by the London & South Western Railway.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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London and Brighton Railway

The London and Brighton Railway (L&BR) was a railway company in England which was incorporated in 1837 and survived until 1846.

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London and North Eastern Railway

The London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) was the second largest (after LMS) of the "Big Four" railway companies created by the Railways Act 1921 in Britain.

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London and South Western Railway

The London and South Western Railway (LSWR) was a railway company in England from 1838 to 1922.

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London and Southampton Railway

The London and Southampton Railway was an early railway company between London and Southampton, in England.

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London Bridge station

London Bridge is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in Southwark, south-east London.

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London Transport Executive

The London Transport Executive (LTE) was the organisation responsible for public transport in the Greater London area, UK, between 1948–1962.

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London Victoria station

Victoria station, also known as London Victoria, is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in Victoria, in the City of Westminster, managed by Network Rail.

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London Waterloo station

Waterloo station, also known as London Waterloo, is a central London terminus on the National Rail network in the United Kingdom, located in the Waterloo area of the London Borough of Lambeth.

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London, Brighton and South Coast Railway

The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR; known also as "the Brighton line", "the Brighton Railway" or the Brighton) was a railway company in the United Kingdom from 1846 to 1922.

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London, Chatham and Dover Railway

The London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR) was a railway company in south-eastern England created on 1 August 1859, when the East Kent Railway was given Parliamentary approval to change its name.

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London, Midland and Scottish Railway

The London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS)It has been argued that the initials LMSR should be used to be consistent with LNER, GWR and SR.

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LSWR H15 class

The LSWR/SR H15 class was a class of 2-cylinder 4-6-0 steam locomotives designed by Robert Urie for mixed-traffic duties on the LSWR.

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LSWR N15 class

The LSWR N15 class was a British 2–cylinder 4-6-0 express passenger steam locomotive designed by Robert W. Urie.

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Luftwaffe

The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.

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Lullingstone

Lullingstone is a village in the county of Kent, England.

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Lullingstone Airfield

Lullingstone airfield was a proposed airfield in Kent, United Kingdom that was not constructed.

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Lyme Regis

Lyme Regis is a town in West Dorset, England, west of Dorchester and east of Exeter.

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Maidstone

Maidstone is a large, historically important town in Kent, England, of which it is the county town.

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Main line (railway)

The main line, or mainline in American English, of a railway is a track that is used for through trains or is the principal artery of the system from which branch lines, yards, sidings and spurs are connected.

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Major general

Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.

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Malachite green

Malachite green is an organic compound that is used as a dyestuff and controversially as an antimicrobial in aquaculture.

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Margate

Margate is a seaside town in the district of Thanet in Kent, England.

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Merstham tunnels

The Merstham and Quarry tunnels are two railway tunnels on the Brighton main line between Merstham and Coulsdon (formerly Stoats Nest) in Surrey, Great Britain.

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Micheldever

Micheldever is a village in Hampshire, England, situated north of Winchester.

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Military glider

Military gliders (an offshoot of common gliders) have been used by the military of various countries for carrying troops (glider infantry) and heavy equipment to a combat zone, mainly during the Second World War.

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Ministry of War Transport

The Ministry of War Transport (MoWT) was a department of the British Government formed early in the Second World War to control transportation policy and resources.

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Mixed-traffic locomotive

A mixed-traffic locomotive is one designed to be capable of hauling both passenger trains and freight trains.

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MV Pelikan

Pelikan was a 3,264 ton German refrigerated cargo ship built in 1934.

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Nationalization

Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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Newhaven, East Sussex

Newhaven is a town in the Lewes District of East Sussex in England.

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Nigel Gresley

Sir Herbert Nigel Gresley (19 June 1876 – 5 April 1941) was one of Britain's most famous steam locomotive engineers, who rose to become Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER).

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Night Ferry

The Night Ferry was an international sleeper train between London Victoria and Paris Gare du Nord (and later also Brussels).

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Nine Elms Locomotive Works

Nine Elms locomotive works were built in 1839 by the London and South Western Railway (LSWR) adjoining their passenger terminus near the Vauxhall end of Nine Elms Lane, in the district of Nine Elms in the London Borough of Battersea.

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Norfolk Southern Railway

The Norfolk Southern Railway is a Class I railroad in the United States.

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Normandy

Normandy (Normandie,, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is one of the 18 regions of France, roughly referring to the historical Duchy of Normandy.

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North Downs

The North Downs are a ridge of chalk hills in south east England that stretch from Farnham in Surrey to the White Cliffs of Dover in Kent.

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North Downs Line

The North Downs Line is a passenger-train line connecting Reading, on the Great Western Main Line, to Redhill and, along the Brighton Main Line, linking many centres of population in that part of the North Downs which it traverses en route.

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Oliver Bulleid

Oliver Vaughan Snell Bulleid CBE (19 September 1882 – 25 April 1970) was a British railway and mechanical engineer best known as the Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the Southern Railway between 1937 and the 1948 nationalisation, developing many well-known locomotives.

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Operation Overlord

Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.

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Ouse Valley Viaduct

The Ouse Valley Viaduct (also called Balcombe Viaduct) carries the London-Brighton Railway Line over the River Ouse in Sussex.

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Padstow

Padstow (Lannwedhenek) is a town, civil parish and fishing port on the north coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.

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Padstow railway station (England)

Padstow railway station was the western terminus of the North Cornwall Railway.

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Passenger car (rail)

A passenger car (known as a coach or carriage in the UK, and also known as a bogie in India) is a piece of railway rolling stock that is designed to carry passengers.

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Patcham Tunnel

Patcham tunnel is a railway tunnel on the Brighton Main Line through the South Downs between Preston Park and Hassocks in East Sussex, England.

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Plymouth

Plymouth is a city situated on the south coast of Devon, England, approximately south-west of Exeter and west-south-west of London.

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Port of Newhaven

The Port of Newhaven is a port and associated docks complex located within Newhaven, East Sussex, England, situated at the mouth of the River Ouse.

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Port of Southampton

The Port of Southampton is a passenger and cargo port in the central part of the south coast of England.

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Portland Branch Railway

| The Portland Branch railway was a railway line located on the Isle of Portland in the English county of Dorset.

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Portsmouth

Portsmouth is a port city in Hampshire, England, mainly on Portsea Island, south-west of London and south-east of Southampton.

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Portsmouth Direct line

The Portsmouth Direct line is a railway route between Woking in Surrey and Portsmouth Harbour in Hampshire, England.

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Portsmouth Harbour railway station

Portsmouth Harbour railway station is a railway station in Portsmouth, England.

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Queenborough

Queenborough is a small town on the Isle of Sheppey in the Swale borough of Kent in South East England.

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Railcar

A railcar, in British English and Australian English, is a self-propelled railway vehicle designed to transport passengers.

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Railway Correspondence and Travel Society

The Railway Correspondence and Travel Society (RCTS) is a national society founded in Cheltenham, UK in 1928 to bring together those interested in rail transport and locomotives.

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Railways Act 1921

The Railways Act 1921 (c. 55), also known as the Grouping Act, was an Act of Parliament enacted by the British government and intended to stem the losses being made by many of the country's 120 railway companies, move the railways away from internal competition and retain some of the benefits which the country had derived from a government-controlled railway during and after the Great War of 1914–1918.

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Reading Southern railway station

Reading Southern railway station was opened as the western terminus of the South Eastern Railway's route from, a junction station at the time of opening known as Reigate Junction in south-east Surrey, having direct links thence to Dover port, Brighton (a resort and fellow industrious town) and London Bridge.

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Richard Maunsell

Richard Edward Lloyd Maunsell (pronounced "Mansell") (26 May 1868 – 7 March 1944) held the post of Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the South Eastern and Chatham Railway from 1913 until the 1923 Grouping and then the post of CME of the Southern Railway in England until 1937.

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River Itchen, Hampshire

The River Itchen (previously also known as the River Alre) is a river in Hampshire, England.

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River Loddon

The River Loddon is a river in the English counties of Berkshire and Hampshire.

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River Test

The River Test is a river in Hampshire, England.

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River Thames

The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.

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Rolling stock

The term rolling stock in rail transport industry originally referred to any vehicles that move on a railway.

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Rye, East Sussex

Rye is a small town in East Sussex, England, two miles from the sea at the confluence of three rivers: the Rother, the Tillingham and the Brede.

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Salisbury

Salisbury is a cathedral city in Wiltshire, England, with a population of 40,302, at the confluence of the rivers Nadder, Ebble, Wylye and Bourne.

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Seaside resort

A seaside resort is a resort town or resort hotel, located on the coast.

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Seaton, Devon

Seaton is a large seaside town, fishing harbour and civil parish in East Devon on the south coast of England.

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Sevenoaks

Sevenoaks is a town and civil parish with a population of 29,506 situated south-east of London in western Kent, England.

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Shakespeare Cliff Halt railway station

Shakespeare Cliff Halt is a private halt station on the South Eastern Main Line.

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Shunting (rail)

Shunting, in railway operations, is the process of sorting items of rolling stock into complete trains, or the reverse.

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Sidmouth

Sidmouth is a town situated on the English Channel coast in Devon, South West England, east-southeast of Exeter.

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SNCF

The Société nationale des chemins de fer français (SNCF, "French National Railway Company") is France's national state-owned railway company.

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Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway

The Somerset & Dorset Joint Railway – almost always referred to as "the S&D" – was an English railway line connecting Bath in north east Somerset and Bournemouth now in south east Dorset but then in Hampshire, with a branch from Evercreech Junction to Burnham-on-Sea and Bridgwater.

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South Croydon

South Croydon in south London is the area surrounding the valley south of central Croydon about 1 km in radius, centred on what was the Red Deer public house on the Brighton Road.

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South Downs

The South Downs are a range of chalk hills that extends for about across the south-eastern coastal counties of England from the Itchen Valley of Hampshire in the west to Beachy Head, near Eastbourne, East Sussex, in the east.

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South Eastern and Chatham Railway

The South Eastern and Chatham Railway Companies Joint Management Committee (SE&CRCJMC),Awdry (1990), page 199 known as the South Eastern and Chatham Railway (SE&CR), was a working union of two neighbouring rival railways, the South Eastern Railway (SER) and London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LC&DR), which operated between London and south-east England.

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South Eastern main line

The South Eastern main line is a major long-distance railway route in South East England, UK, one of the two main routes crossing the county of Kent, going via Sevenoaks, Tonbridge, Ashford and Folkestone to Dover.

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South Eastern Railway, UK

The South Eastern Railway (SER) was a railway company in south-eastern England from 1836 until 1922.

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South West England

South West England is one of nine official regions of England.

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South Western main line

The South Western Main Line (SWML) is a 143-mile (230 km) major railway line between Waterloo station in central London and Weymouth on the south coast of England.

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Southampton

Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.

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Southampton Terminus railway station

Southampton Terminus railway station served the docks and city centre of Southampton, England from 1839 until 1966.

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Southeastern (train operating company)

London & South Eastern Railway Limited, trading as Southeastern, is a British train operating company owned by the Anglo-French joint venture Govia that provides rail services in South East England.

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Southern (Govia Thameslink Railway)

Southern is the brand name used by the Govia Thameslink Railway (GTR) train operating company on the Southern routes of the Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern franchise in England.

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Southern National

Southern National was a bus company operating in South West England from 1929 until 1969, and again from 1983 until 1999.

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Southern Railway (UK)

The Southern Railway (SR), sometimes shortened to 'Southern', was a British railway company established in the 1923 Grouping.

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Southern Railway multiple unit numbering and classification

The Southern Railway created classification and numbering systems for its large fleet of electric multiple units, perpetuated by the Southern Region of British Rail until the early 1980s, when the impact of TOPS was felt.

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Southern Railway routes west of Salisbury

This article describes the history and operation of the railway routes west of Salisbury built by the London and South Western Railway (LSWR) and allied companies, which ultimately became part of the Southern Railway in the United Kingdom.

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Southern Region of British Railways

The Southern Region was a region of British Railways from 1948 until 1992 when railways were re-privatised.

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Southern Vectis

Southern Vectis The Southern Vectis Omnibus Company Limited is a bus operator on the Isle of Wight.

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Spa Valley Railway

The Spa Valley Railway (SVR) is a standard gauge heritage railway that runs from Tunbridge Wells West railway station in Tunbridge Wells to High Rocks, Groombridge, and Eridge, where it links with the Oxted Line.

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SR class 3Sub

This article covers the DC suburban electric multiple units introduced by the London and South Western Railway in 1915 and those introduced by the Southern Railway in the period up to 1939.

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SR Class 4DD

Conceived by Oliver Bulleid for the Southern Railway's commuter route from London Charing Cross to Dartford, the two 4DD electric multiple units were the only double-deck trains to run on the main line railway network in Britain.

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SR Class 4Lav

The Southern Railway (SR) gave the designation 4-LAV to the electric multiple units built to work the semi-fast services on the route between London and Brighton.

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SR Class 6Pul

The Southern Railway (SR) gave the designations 6-PUL, 6-CITY and 6-PAN to electric multiple units built to work the routes between London and Brighton, West Worthing and Eastbourne.

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SR Class CP

The Southern Railway (SR) gave the designation CP to the fleet of AC electric multiple units used on the former London, Brighton and South Coast Railway lines in the Crystal Palace area.

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SR Class SL

The Southern Railway (SR) in the UK gave the designation SL to the fleet of AC overhead electric multiple units used on the South London Line between Victoria and London Bridge station.

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SR Leader class

The Leader was a class of experimental 0-6-0+0-6-0 articulated steam locomotive, produced in the United Kingdom to the design of the innovative engineer Oliver Bulleid.

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SR locomotive numbering and classification

A number of different numbering and classification schemes were used for the locomotives owned by the Southern Railway (SR) and its constituent companies.

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SR Lord Nelson class

The SR class LN or Lord Nelson class is a type of 4-cylinder 4-6-0 steam locomotive designed for the Southern Railway by Richard Maunsell in 1926.

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SR Merchant Navy class

The SR Merchant Navy class (originally known as the 21C1 class, and later informally known as Bulleid Pacifics, Spam Cans or Packets) is a class of air-smoothed 4-6-2 Pacific steam locomotives designed for the Southern Railway by Oliver Bulleid.

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SR Q class

The Q Class, is a type of 0-6-0 steam locomotive designed by Richard Maunsell of the Southern Railway and constructed immediately prior to the Second World War, for use on medium-distance freight trains throughout the network.

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SR Q1 class

The SR Q1 class is a type of austerity steam locomotive constructed during the Second World War.

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SR V Schools class

The SR V class, more commonly known as the Schools class, is a class of steam locomotive designed by Richard Maunsell for the Southern Railway.

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SR West Country and Battle of Britain classes

The SR West Country and Battle of Britain classes, collectively known as Light Pacifics or informally as Spam Cans, are air-smoothed 4-6-2 ''Pacific'' steam locomotives designed for the Southern Railway by its Chief Mechanical Engineer Oliver Bulleid.

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SS Victoria (1907)

SS (RMS) Victoria was a packet steamer originally owned and operated by the South Eastern and Chatham Railway Company, who sold her to the Isle of Man Steam Packet Company in 1928 for the sum of £25,000 (equivalent to £1,477,249 as of 2018).

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SS Worthing

SS Worthing was a steam-powered ferry operating between Newhaven and Dieppe Gare Maritime.

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Steam locomotive

A steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine.

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Strood

Strood is a town in the unitary authority of Medway in Kent, South East England.

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Surrey

Surrey is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties.

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Sussex

Sussex, from the Old English Sūþsēaxe (South Saxons), is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex.

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Sutton and Mole Valley lines

The Sutton and Mole Valley lines were constructed between 1847 and 1868 by the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway, the London and South Western Railway and the LBSCR-sponsored Horsham, Dorking and Leatherhead Railway.

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Swanage Railway

The Swanage Railway is a railway branch line from near Wareham, Dorset to Swanage, Dorset, England, opened in 1885 and now operated as a heritage railway.

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Tavern

A tavern is a place of business where people gather to drink alcoholic beverages and be served food, and in most cases, where travelers receive lodging.

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Thanet Belle

The Thanet Belle was a named train run by the Southern Region of British Railways from 1948 until it was withdrawn in 1958 due to the electrification of the route.

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The Dyke railway station

The Dyke railway station was a railway station near Devil's Dyke in West Sussex, England which opened in 1887 and closed in 1939.

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The Railway Magazine

The Railway Magazine is a monthly British railway magazine, aimed at the railway enthusiast market, that has been published in London since July 1897.

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Transport Act 1947

The Transport Act 1947 (c. 49) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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UIC classification of locomotive axle arrangements

The UIC classification of locomotive axle arrangements, sometimes known as German classificationThe Railway Data File.

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United Dairies

United Dairies is a former United Kingdom-based creamery, milk bottling and distribution company.

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Wall Street Crash of 1929

The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday (October 29), the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929 ("Black Thursday"), and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its after effects.

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War effort

In politics and military planning, a war effort refers to a coordinated mobilization of society's resources—both industrial and human—towards the support of a military force.

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Watercress Line

The Watercress Line is the marketing name of the Mid Hants Railway, a heritage railway in Hampshire, England, running from New Alresford to Alton where it connects to the National Rail network.

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Waterloo & City line

The Waterloo & City line (colloquially known as The Drain) is a London Underground line that runs between Waterloo and Bank with no intermediate stops.

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Weald

The Weald is an area of South East England between the parallel chalk escarpments of the North and the South Downs.

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West Coastway line

The West Coastway line is a railway line in England following closely the south coast of Sussex and Hampshire, between the cities Brighton and Southampton.

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West London line

The West London line is a short railway in inner West London that links in the south to Willesden Junction in the north.

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West London Railway

The West London Railway was conceived to link the London and Birmingham Railway and the Great Western Railway with the Kensington Basin of the Kensington Canal, enabling access to and from London docks for the carriage of goods.

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West of England line

The West of England line (also known as the West of England Main Line) is a British railway line from, Hampshire, to Exeter St Davids in Devon, England.

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Western Region of British Railways

The Western Region was a region of British Railways from 1948.

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Westinghouse Electric Corporation

The Westinghouse Electric Corporation was an American manufacturing company.

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Weston, Clevedon and Portishead Light Railway

The Weston, Clevedon and Portishead Light Railway (WCPR) was conceived and built initially as a tramway to link the three small North Somerset coastal towns of Weston-super-Mare, Clevedon and Portishead in the 1880s.

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Whitstable

Whitstable (locally) is a seaside town on the north coast of Kent in south-east England, 5 miles (8km) north of Canterbury and 2 miles (3km) west of Herne Bay.

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Wimbledon, London

Wimbledon WIMBLESON is a district of southwest London, England, south-west of the centre of London at Charing Cross, in the London Borough of Merton, south of Wandsworth, northeast of New Malden, northwest of Mitcham, west of Streatham and north of Sutton.

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Winchester

Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire, England.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Wrotham

Wrotham (pronounced) is a village on the Pilgrims' Way in Kent, at the foot of the North Downs.

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2-8-0

Under the Whyte notation for the classification of steam locomotives, represents the wheel arrangement of two leading wheels on one axle, usually in a leading truck, eight powered and coupled driving wheels on four axles and no trailing wheels.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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4-4-0

Under the Whyte notation for the classification of steam locomotives by wheel arrangement, represents the arrangement of four leading wheels on two axles, usually in a leading bogie, four powered and coupled driving wheels on two axles, and no trailing wheels.

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Redirects here:

Alfred Raworth, History of Southern Railway (UK), Southern Railway (Great Britain), Southern Railway (SR), Southern Railway (United Kingdom).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Railway_(UK)

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