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British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the operator of most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997. [1]

212 relations: Abellio Greater Anglia, Abellio ScotRail, Aberdare, Achievement (heraldry), Airdrie-Bathgate Rail Link, Anglia Railways, Arriva Trains Merseyside, Arriva Trains Northern, Arriva Trains Wales, Art Deco, Association of Train Operating Companies, Aylesbury Vale Parkway railway station, Barbed wire, Beeching cuts, Bicester Military Railway, Big Four (British railway companies), Borders Railway, BRB (Residuary) Limited, Brian Robertson, 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge, British carriage and wagon numbering and classification, British Rail brand names, British Rail Class 99, British Rail corporate liveries, British Rail flying saucer, British Rail locomotive and multiple unit numbering and classification, British Rail sandwich, British Rail Telecommunications, British Railways Board, British Transport Commission, British Transport Police, C2c, Cardiff Central railway station, Caroline Lucas, Central Trains, Chandler's Ford railway station, Charles Franklyn, Classification yard, Clement Attlee, College of Arms, Connex South Central, Connex South Eastern, Conservatism, Corby railway station, CrossCountry, Crown (heraldry), Design Research Unit, Deutsche Bahn, Dieselisation, Double track, East Coast (train operating company), ..., East Coast Main Line, East Midlands Trains, Eastern Region of British Railways, Ebbw Vale Parkway railway station, Ebbw Valley Railway, Elizabeth II, European System of Accounts, First Capital Connect, First Great Eastern, First North Western, First ScotRail, First TransPennine Express, Forth Bridge, Generic trademark, Glasgow Subway, Glenfinnan Viaduct, Global Crossing, Government of the United Kingdom, Great Central Railway, Great Eastern Main Line, Great North Eastern Railway, Great Western Main Line, Great Western Railway, Great Western Railway (train operating company), Green Party of England and Wales, Hansard, Heritage railway, History of rail transport in Great Britain, History of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994, Hot dog, House of Lords, Hugh Hudson, Ian Allan Publishing, InterCity (British Rail), InterCity 125, ITV (TV network), Jock Kinneir, Joint railway, Keighley and Worth Valley Railway, Kent, Keolis, Kidderminster Town railway station, King's Lynn railway station, Labour Party (UK), Lew Adams, Lightning, Lion (heraldry), List of British Rail classes, List of British Railways steam locomotives as of 31 December 1967, List of constituents of British Railways, List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, Liverpool Overhead Railway, Liverpool Street station, London, London and North Eastern Railway, London and North Western Railway, London Midland, London Midland Region of British Railways, London Overground, London Paddington station, London Transport Board, London Transport Executive, London Underground, London, Midland and Scottish Railway, Lord Lyon King of Arms, Maesteg Line, Margaret Calvert, Margaret Thatcher, Merseyrail, Metropolitan county, Midland Main Line, Midland Mainline, Milner Gray (designer), National Express East Anglia, National Express East Coast, National Rail, Nationalization, Nederlandse Spoorwegen, Network Rail, Network SouthEast, New Labour, North Eastern Region of British Railways, Northern Rail, Office for Budget Responsibility, Oxfordshire Ironstone Railway, Passenger transport executive, Privatisation of British Rail, Racal, Rail Alphabet, Rail Europe, Rail franchising in Great Britain, Rail freight transport, Rail Riders, Rail transport, Rail transport in Great Britain, Railfreight Distribution, Railtrack, Railway electrification in Great Britain, Railway electrification system, Railway signalling, Railways Act 1921, Regional Railways, Revenue, Richard Beeching, Baron Beeching, Rolling stock, Rolling stock operating company, Royal Albert Bridge, Scotland, ScotRail (British Rail), ScotRail (National Express), Scottish Region of British Railways, Sealink, Seaspeed, Serpell Report, Severn Valley Railway, Shades of green, Silverlink, SNCF, South Eastern Trains, South West Trains, Southeastern (train operating company), Southern (train operating company), Southern Railway (UK), Southern Region of British Railways, Spitting Image, Stansted Airport railway station, Statutory corporation, Steam locomotives of British Railways, Stirling-Alloa-Kincardine rail link, Strategic Rail Authority, Thales Group, Thameslink, The Railway Magazine, Thomas the Tank Engine, TOPS, Trade name, Train, Train operating company, Transport Act 1947, Tyne and Wear Metro, Vale of Glamorgan Line, Vale of Rheidol Railway, Valley Lines (train operating company), Virgin CrossCountry, Virgin Trains, Virgin Trains East Coast, Wales, Wales and Borders, Wales and West, Watercress Line, Waterloo & City line, Waverley Route, Wealden Line, Wessex Trains, West Anglia Great Northern, West Coast Main Line, West of England Main Line, Western Region of British Railways, White paper, Woodhead Line, World War I, World War II. Expand index (162 more) »

Abellio Greater Anglia

Abellio Greater Anglia is a train operating company in Britain owned by Abellio (a subsidiary of Nederlandse Spoorwegen) operating the Greater Anglia rail franchise.

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Abellio ScotRail

Abellio ScotRail is the national train operating company of Scotland, owned by and operated by Abellio, a subsidiary of Nederlandse Spoorwegen, which has been running the ScotRail franchise since 1 April 2015.

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Aberdare

Aberdare (Aberdâr) is a town in the Cynon Valley area of Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales, at the confluence of the Rivers Dare (Dâr) and Cynon.

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Achievement (heraldry)

An achievement, armorial achievement or heraldic achievement historical: hatchment) in heraldry is a full display of all the heraldic components to which the bearer of a coat of arms is entitled. An achievement comprises not only the armorials themselves displayed on the Escutcheon, the central element, but also the following elements surrounding it.

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Airdrie-Bathgate Rail Link

The Airdrie-Bathgate Rail Link is a railway in central Scotland.

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Anglia Railways

Anglia Railways was a train operating company in England owned by GB Railways and later FirstGroup, that operated the Anglia franchise from January 1997 until March 2004.

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Arriva Trains Merseyside

Arriva Trains Merseyside was a train operating company in England owned by Arriva that operated the Merseyrail Electrics franchise from January 1997 until July 2003.

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Arriva Trains Northern

Arriva Trains Northern was a train operating company in England owned by Arriva that operated the Regional Railways North East franchise from March 1997 until December 2004.

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Arriva Trains Wales

Arriva Trains Wales (Trenau Arriva Cymru) (ATW) is a British train operating company operating the Wales & Borders franchise.

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Art Deco

Art Deco, or Deco, is an influential visual arts design style that first appeared in France just before World War I and began flourishing internationally in the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s before its popularity waned after World War II.

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Association of Train Operating Companies

The Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC) is a body that represents the 23 train operating companies that provide passenger services on the privatised British railway system.

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Aylesbury Vale Parkway railway station

Aylesbury Vale Parkway railway station is a railway station serving villages northwest of Aylesbury, England.

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Barbed wire

Barbed wire, also known as barb wire, less often bob wire or, in the southeastern United States, bobbed wire, is a type of steel fencing wire constructed with sharp edges or points arranged at intervals along the strand(s).

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Beeching cuts

The Beeching cuts (also Beeching Axe) refer to the reduction of route network and restructuring of the Railways in Great Britain outlined in two reports, The Reshaping of British Railways (1963) and The Development of the Major Railway Trunk Routes (1965), written by Dr Richard Beeching and published by the British Railways Board.

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Bicester Military Railway

The Bicester Military Railway (BMR) is a railway in Oxfordshire, England belonging to the Ministry of Defence.

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Big Four (British railway companies)

The Big Four was a name used to describe the four largest railway companies in the United Kingdom in the period 1923–47.

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Borders Railway

The Borders Railway connects the city of Edinburgh with Galashiels and Tweedbank in the Scottish Borders.

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BRB (Residuary) Limited

BRB (Residuary) Limited BRB (Residuary) Limited (BRBR) was the successor to the British Railways Board.

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Brian Robertson, 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge

General Brian Hubert Robertson, 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge (22 July 1896 – 29 April 1974), known as Sir Brian Robertson, 2nd Baronet from 1933 to 1961, was a senior British Army officer and the Chairman of the British Transport Commission from 1953 to 1961.

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British carriage and wagon numbering and classification

A number of different numbering and classification schemes have been used for carriages and wagons on Britain's railways, and this page explains the principal systems.

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British Rail brand names

British Rail was the brand image of the nationalised railway owner and operator in Great Britain, the British Railways Board, used from 1965 until its breakup and sell-off from 1993 onwards.

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British Rail Class 99

The British Rail Class 99 was a fleet of 14 ferries or train ferries, most of which were owned by Sealink, that carried rail vehicles between Britain and mainland Europe.

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British Rail corporate liveries

The history of British Rail's corporate liveries is quite complex.

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British Rail flying saucer

The British Rail flying saucer, officially known simply as space vehicle, was a proposed spacecraft designed by Charles Osmond Frederick.

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British Rail locomotive and multiple unit numbering and classification

A number of different numbering and classification schemes were used for locomotives and multiple units operated by British Railways (BR), and this page explains the principal systems.

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British Rail sandwich

In British humour, the phrase British Rail sandwich refers to sandwiches sold for consumption on passenger trains of the former British Rail (BR).

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British Rail Telecommunications

In May 1837 William Fothergill Cooke (1806-1879) and Professor Charles Wheatstone (1802-1875) entered into a partnership, and on 10 June patented a five-needle telegraph for which five wires were necessary.

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British Railways Board

The British Railways Board (BRB) was a nationalised industry in the United Kingdom that existed from 1962 to 2001.

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British Transport Commission

The British Transport Commission (BTC) was created by Clement Attlee's post-war Labour government as a part of its nationalisation programme, to oversee railways, canals and road freight transport in Great Britain (Northern Ireland had the separate Ulster Transport Authority).

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British Transport Police

The British Transport Police (BTP) (Heddlu Trafnidiaeth Prydeinig) is a special police force that polices railways and light-rail systems in Great Britain, for which it has entered into an agreement to provide such services.

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C2c

c2c NXET Trains Limited is a British train operating company owned by National Express Group.

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Cardiff Central railway station

Cardiff Central railway station (Caerdydd Canolog) is a major railway station on the South Wales Main Line in Cardiff, United Kingdom and one of two hubs of the city's urban rail network.

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Caroline Lucas

Caroline Patricia Lucas (born 9 December 1960) is a British politician and member of the Green Party of England and Wales who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Brighton Pavilion since 2010, when she became the first Green MP.

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Central Trains

Central Trains was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated the Central Trains franchise from March 1997 until November 2007.

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Chandler's Ford railway station

Chandler's Ford railway station serves the Chandler's Ford area of Eastleigh in Hampshire, England.

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Charles Franklyn

Charles Aubrey Hamilton Franklyn (25 August 1896 &ndash) was a British medical doctor, and scholar of genealogy, heraldry, and academic dress.

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Classification yard

A classification yard (American and Canadian English) or marshalling yard (British, Indian English and Canadian English) is a railroad yard found at some freight train stations, used to separate railroad cars on to one of several tracks.

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Clement Attlee

Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and the Leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955.

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College of Arms

The College of Arms, also known as the College of Heralds, is a royal corporation consisting of professional officers of arms, with jurisdiction over England, Wales, Northern Ireland and some Commonwealth realms.

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Connex South Central

Connex South Central was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Connex that operated the Network SouthCentral franchise from May 1996 until August 2001.

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Connex South Eastern

Connex South Eastern was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Connex that operated the South Eastern franchise from October 1996 until November 2003.

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Conservatism

Conservatism as a political and social philosophy promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.

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Corby railway station

Corby railway station, owned by Network Rail and managed by East Midlands Trains (EMT), is in Corby, Northamptonshire, England.

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CrossCountry

CrossCountry is a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Arriva UK Trains operating the New Cross Country franchise.

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Crown (heraldry)

A Crown is often an emblem of the sovereign state, a monarch's government, or items endorsed by it; see The Crown.

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Design Research Unit

The Design Research Unit (DRU) was one of the first generation of British design consultancies combining expertise in architecture, graphics and industrial design.

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Deutsche Bahn

Deutsche Bahn AG (abbreviated as DB, DB AG or DBAG) is a German railway company.

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Dieselisation

Dieselisation or dieselization is a term generally used for the increasingly common use of diesel fuel in vehicles, as opposed to gasoline or steam engines.

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Double track

A double-track railway usually involves running one track in each direction, compared to a single-track railway where trains in both directions share the same track.

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East Coast (train operating company)

East Coast was a British train operating company that operated the InterCity East Coast franchise on the East Coast Main Line between London, Yorkshire, the North East and Scotland.

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East Coast Main Line

The East Coast Main Line (ECML) is a railway link between London and Edinburgh via Peterborough, Doncaster, Wakefield, Leeds, York, Darlington and Newcastle, electrified along the whole route.

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East Midlands Trains

East Midlands Trains (EMT) is a British train operating company owned by Stagecoach Group.

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Eastern Region of British Railways

The Eastern Region was a region of British Railways from 1948, whose operating area could be identified from the dark blue signs and colour schemes that adorned its station and other railway buildings.

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Ebbw Vale Parkway railway station

Ebbw Vale Parkway railway station (Parcffordd Glyn Ebwy) is a station on the Ebbw Valley Railway in Wales.

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Ebbw Valley Railway

The Ebbw Valley Railway (Rheilffordd Cwm Ebwy) is a branch line of the Great Western Main Line in South Wales.

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the queen of 16 of the 53 member states in the Commonwealth of Nations.

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European System of Accounts

The European System of Accounts (often abbreviated as ESA) is the system of national accounts and regional accounts used by members of the European Union.

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First Capital Connect

First Capital Connect (FCC) was a British train operating company, owned by FirstGroup, that operated the Thameslink Great Northern franchise from April 2006 to September 2014.

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First Great Eastern

First Great Eastern was a train operating company in England owned by FirstGroup, that operated the Great Eastern franchise from January 1997 until March 2004.

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First North Western

First North Western was a train operating company in England owned by FirstGroup, that operated the North West Regional Railways franchise from March 1997 until December 2004.

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First ScotRail

First ScotRail was a train operating company in Scotland owned by FirstGroup which operated the ScotRail franchise from October 2004 until March 2015.

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First TransPennine Express

First TransPennine Express is a British train operating company owned by FirstGroup (55%) and Keolis (45%) operating the TransPennine Express franchise.

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Forth Bridge

The Forth Bridge is a cantilever railway bridge over the Firth of Forth in the east of Scotland, west of Edinburgh City Centre.

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Generic trademark

A generic trademark, also known as a genericized trademark or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name that has become the generic name for, or synonymous with, a general class of product or service, usually against the intentions of the trademark's holder.

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Glasgow Subway

The Glasgow Subway is an underground metro line in Glasgow, Scotland.

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Glenfinnan Viaduct

Glenfinnan Viaduct is a railway viaduct on the West Highland Line in Glenfinnan, Lochaber, Highland, Scotland.

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Global Crossing

Global Crossing (GBLX) was a telecommunications company that provided computer networking services worldwide and operated a tier 1 carrier.

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Government of the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Government (HMG), commonly referred to as the British government, Welsh: Llywodraeth Ei Mawrhydi, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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Great Central Railway

The Great Central Railway (GCR) was a railway company in England which came into being when the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway changed its name in 1897 in anticipation of the opening in 1899 of its London Extension (see Great Central Main Line).

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Great Eastern Main Line

The Great Eastern Main Line (GEML, sometimes referred to as the East Anglia Main Line) is a major railway line on the British railway system which connects Liverpool Street station in central London with destinations in east London and the East of England, including,,,,, and a number of coastal resorts including and.

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Great North Eastern Railway

Great North Eastern Railway often referred to as GNER, was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Sea Containers that operated the InterCity East Coast franchise from April 1996 until December 2007, when Sea Containers was stripped of the franchise due to poor financial management.

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Great Western Main Line

The Great Western Main Line is a main line railway in Great Britain, that runs westwards from London's Paddington station to the west of England and South Wales.

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Great Western Railway

The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company that linked London with the midlands, the south-west and west of England and most of Wales.

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Great Western Railway (train operating company)

Great Western Railway (GWR) is a British train operating company owned by FirstGroup.

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Green Party of England and Wales

The Green Party of England and Wales (GPEW; Plaid Werdd Cymru a Lloegr) is a left-wing, Green political party in England and Wales.

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Hansard

Hansard is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary Debates in Britain and many Commonwealth countries.

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Heritage railway

A heritage railway is a railway kept to carry living history rail traffic in order to re-create or preserve railway scenes of the past.

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History of rail transport in Great Britain

The railway system of Great Britain, the principal territory of the United Kingdom, is the oldest in the world.

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History of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994

The history of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994 covers the period when the British railway system was nationalised under the name of British Rail (initially known as British Railways), until its eventual privatisation in 1994.

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Hot dog

A hot dog (also spelled hotdog) is a cooked sausage, traditionally grilled or steamed and served in a sliced bun as a sandwich.

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House of Lords

The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Hugh Hudson

Hugh Hudson (born 25 August 1936) is an English film director.

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Ian Allan Publishing

Ian Allan Publishing is a UK publisher, established in 1942, which specialises in transport magazines and books.

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InterCity (British Rail)

InterCity (or, in the earliest days, the hyphenated Inter-City) was introduced by British Rail in 1966 as a brand-name for its long-haul express passenger services (see British Rail brand names for a full history).

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InterCity 125

The InterCity 125 was the brand name of British Rail's High Speed Train (HST) fleet, which was built from 1975 to 1982 and was introduced in 1976.

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ITV (TV network)

ITV is a commercial TV network in the United Kingdom.

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Jock Kinneir

Richard 'Jock' Kinneir (11 February 1917 – 23 August 1994) was a typographer and graphic designer who, with colleague Margaret Calvert, designed many of the road signs used throughout the United Kingdom.

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Joint railway

A joint railway is a railway operating under the control of more than one railway company: those companies very often supplying the traction over the railway.

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Keighley and Worth Valley Railway

The Keighley and Worth Valley Railway is a branch line that served mills and villages in the Worth Valley and is now a heritage railway line in West Yorkshire, England.

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Kent

Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.

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Keolis

Keolis is the largest private sector French transport group.

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Kidderminster Town railway station

Kidderminster Town is a railway station situated in the town of Kidderminster, Worcestershire, England.

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King's Lynn railway station

King's Lynn railway station serves the town of King's Lynn in Norfolk, England.

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Labour Party (UK)

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.

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Lew Adams

Lew Adams (born 1940) is a British former trade unionist.

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Lightning

Lightning is a sudden electrostatic discharge during an electrical storm between electrically charged regions of a cloud (called intra-cloud lightning or IC), between that cloud and another cloud (CC lightning), or between a cloud and the ground (CG lightning).

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Lion (heraldry)

The lion is a common charge in heraldry.

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List of British Rail classes

This article lists the wide variety of locomotives and multiple units that have operated on Great Britain's railway network, since Nationalisation in 1948.

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List of British Railways steam locomotives as of 31 December 1967

List of British Railways steam locomotives as of 31 December 1967.

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List of constituents of British Railways

The following is a list of constituents of British Railways.

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List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of Government of the United Kingdom and chairs Cabinet meetings.

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Liverpool Overhead Railway

The Liverpool Overhead Railway was an overhead railway in Liverpool which operated along the Liverpool Docks and opened in 1893 with lightweight electric multiple units.

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Liverpool Street station

Liverpool Street, also known as London Liverpool Street, is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in the north-eastern corner of the City of London.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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London and North Eastern Railway

The London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) was the second largest of the "Big Four" railway companies created by the Railways Act 1921 in Britain.

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London and North Western Railway

The London and North Western Railway (LNWR, L&NWR) was a British railway company between 1846 and 1922.

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London Midland

London Midland is a train operating company in England owned by Govia operating the West Midlands franchise.

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London Midland Region of British Railways

The London Midland Region (LMR) was one of the six regions created on the formation of the nationalised British Railways (BR) and consisted of ex-London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) lines in England and Wales.

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London Overground

The London Overground (LO) is a suburban rail network in the United Kingdom.

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London Paddington station

Paddington, also known as London Paddington, is a central London railway terminus and London Underground station complex, located on Praed Street in Paddington.

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London Transport Board

The London Transport Board was the organisation responsible for public transport (except main-line trains) in London, UK, and its environs from 1963 to 1969.

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London Transport Executive

The London Transport Executive (LTE) was the organisation responsible for public transport in the Greater London area, UK, between 1948–1962.

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London Underground

The London Underground (also known as the Tube or simply the Underground) is a public rapid transit system serving a large part of Greater London and parts of the home counties of Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire and Essex.

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London, Midland and Scottish Railway

The London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS)It has been argued that the initials LMSR should be used to be consistent with LNER, GWR and SR.

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Lord Lyon King of Arms

The Right Honourable the Lord Lyon King of Arms, the head of Lyon Court, is the most junior of the Great Officers of State in Scotland and is the Scottish official with responsibility for regulating heraldry in that country, issuing new grants of arms, and serving as the judge of the Court of the Lord Lyon, the oldest heraldic court in the world that is still in daily operation.

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Maesteg Line

The Maesteg Line is a commuter rail line in South Wales from Bridgend to Maesteg.

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Margaret Calvert

Margaret Calvert (born 1936) is a British typographer and graphic designer who, with colleague Jock Kinneir, designed many of the road signs used throughout the United Kingdom, as well as the Transport font used on road signs, the Rail Alphabet font used on the British railway system, and an early version of the signs used in airports.

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Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (Roberts, 13 October 1925 – 8 April 2013) was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and the Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.

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Merseyrail

Merseyrail is both a train operating company (TOC) and a commuter rail network, in Merseyside, England.

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Metropolitan county

The metropolitan counties are a type of county-level administrative division of England.

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Midland Main Line

The Midland Main Line is a major railway in England from London's St. Pancras station to Sheffield, via Luton and Bedford in the East of England, and Kettering, Leicester, Loughborough, East Midlands Parkway, Derby/Nottingham and Chesterfield in the East Midlands.

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Midland Mainline

Midland Mainline was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated the Midland Main Line franchise from April 1996 until November 2007.

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Milner Gray (designer)

Milner Connorton Gray (1899–1997) was one of the key figures of British industrial design in the 20th century, having played an important role in establishing design as a recognized profession, the emergence of British design consultancies, and the development of Design Management.

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National Express East Anglia

National Express East Anglia (NXEA) was a train operating company in England owned by National Express, that operated the Greater Anglia franchise from April 2004 until February 2012.

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National Express East Coast

National Express East Coast (NXEC) was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated the InterCity East Coast franchise from December 2007 until November 2009, when it was refused financial support for its franchise.

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National Rail

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Nationalization

Nationalisation (an alternative spelling is nationalization) is the process of taking a private industry or private assets into public ownership by a national government or state.

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Nederlandse Spoorwegen

Nederlandse Spoorwegen (Dutch Railways) or NS is the principal passenger railway operator in the Netherlands.

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Network Rail

Network Rail is the owner and infrastructure manager of most of the rail network in England, Scotland and Wales, having taken over from previous owner Railtrack in 2002.

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Network SouthEast

Network SouthEast (NSE) was one of the three passenger sectors of British Rail created in 1982.

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New Labour

New Labour refers to a period in the history of the British Labour Party from 1994 to 2010, specifically the period spanning the years which saw the party led by Tony Blair and subsequently by Gordon Brown in its final three years.

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North Eastern Region of British Railways

The North Eastern Region was a region of British Railways from 1948, whose operating area could be identified by the orange signs and colour schemes that adorned its stations and other railway buildings.

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Northern Rail

Northern Rail, often referred to as Northern, is the main train operator in the North of England and is a British train operating company owned by Serco-Abellio operating the Northern Rail franchise.

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Office for Budget Responsibility

The Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) is an advisory non-departmental public body established by the UK government to provide independent economic forecasts and 'independent' analysis of the public finances as background to the preparation of the UK budget.

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Oxfordshire Ironstone Railway

The Oxfordshire Ironstone Railway was a standard gauge mineral railway that served an ironstone quarry near the village of Wroxton in Oxfordshire.

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Passenger transport executive

In the United Kingdom, passenger transport executives (PTEs) are local government bodies which are responsible for public transport within large urban areas.

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Privatisation of British Rail

The privatisation of British Rail (BR) was the process by which ownership and operation of the railways of Great Britain passed from government control into private hands.

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Racal

Racal Electronics plc was once the third-largest British electronics firm.

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Rail Alphabet

Rail Alphabet is a typeface designed by Jock Kinneir and Margaret Calvert for British Railways.

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Rail Europe

Rail Europe may refer to.

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Rail franchising in Great Britain

Rail franchising in Great Britain is the process of contracting out the operation of passenger railway operations through a system of franchising to private companies.

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Rail freight transport

Rail freight transport is the use of railroads and trains to transport cargo as opposed to human passengers.

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Rail Riders

Rail Riders, originally called Great Rail Club was a membership-based kids club run by British Rail in the United Kingdom between 1981 and 1991.

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Rail transport

Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods, by way of wheeled vehicles running on rails.

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Rail transport in Great Britain

The railway system in Great Britain is the oldest in the world: the world's first locomotive-hauled public railway opened in 1825.

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Railfreight Distribution

Railfreight Distribution was a sub-sector of British Rail created by the division in 1987 of British Rail's previous Railfreight sector.

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Railtrack

Railtrack was a group of companies that owned the track, signalling, tunnels, bridges, level crossings and all but a handful of the stations of the British railway system from 1994 until 2002.

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Railway electrification in Great Britain

Railway electrification in Great Britain began during the late 19th century.

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Railway electrification system

A railway electrification system supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply.

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Railway signalling

Railway signalling is a system used to safely direct railway traffic in order to prevent trains from colliding.

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Railways Act 1921

The Railways Act 1921 (c. 55), also known as the Grouping Act, was an Act of Parliament enacted by the British government of David Lloyd George intended to stem the losses being made by many of the country's 120 railway companies, move the railways away from internal competition, and to retain some of the benefits which the country had derived from a Government-controlled railway during and after the Great War of 1914-1918.

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Regional Railways

Regional Railways was one of the three passenger sectors of British Rail created in 1982 that existed until 1996, two years after privatisation.

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Revenue

In business, revenue (net sales) is the income that a company receives from its normal business activities, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers.

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Richard Beeching, Baron Beeching

Richard Beeching, Baron Beeching (21 April 1913 – 23 March 1985), commonly known as Dr Beeching, was chairman of British Railways and a physicist and engineer.

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Rolling stock

The term Rolling stock originally referred to any vehicles that move on a railway.

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Rolling stock operating company

In the United Kingdom, a rolling stock operating company (ROSCO) owns and maintains railway engines and carriages which are leased to train operating companies (TOC) who actually operate the trains.

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Royal Albert Bridge

The Royal Albert Bridge is a railway bridge which spans the River Tamar in England between Plymouth, Devon and Saltash, Cornwall bank.

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Scotland

Scotland (Scots:; Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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ScotRail (British Rail)

The ScotRail trading name was adopted on 22 September 1983, under manager Chris Green, British Railways Scottish Region to provide a distinctive brand for the British Rail network in Scotland.

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ScotRail (National Express)

ScotRail was a train operating company in Scotland owned by National Express that operated the ScotRail franchise from March 1997 until October 2004.

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Scottish Region of British Railways

The Scottish Region (ScR) was one of the six regions created on British Railways (BR) and consisted of ex-London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) and ex-London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) lines in Scotland.

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Sealink

Sealink was a ferry company based in the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1984, operating services to France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Channel Islands, Isle of Wight and Ireland.

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Seaspeed

Seaspeed was the joint hovercraft operations of British Rail (under British Rail Hovercraft Limited) in association with the French SNCF.

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Serpell Report

The Serpell Report was produced by a committee chaired by Sir David Serpell, a retired senior civil servant.

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Severn Valley Railway

The Severn Valley Railway is a heritage railway in Shropshire and Worcestershire, England.

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Shades of green

Varieties of the color green may differ in hue, chroma (also called saturation or intensity) or lightness (or value, tone, or brightness), or in two or three of these qualities.

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Silverlink

Silverlink was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express Group that operated the North London Railways franchise from March 1997 until November 2007.

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SNCF

SNCF (Société nationale des chemins de fer français; "National society of French railways" or "French National Railway Company") is France's national state-owned railway company and manages the rail traffic in France and the Principality of Monaco.

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South Eastern Trains

South Eastern Trains was a publicly owned train operating company that operated the South Eastern Passenger Rail Franchise between November 2003, when it took over from Connex South Eastern, and 1 April 2006, when Southeastern began operating the new Integrated Kent Franchise.

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South West Trains

South West Trains (SWT) is a British train operating company owned by Stagecoach Group operating the South Western franchise.

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Southeastern (train operating company)

London & South Eastern Railway Limited, trading as Southeastern, is a British train operating company in South East England.

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Southern (train operating company)

Southern is a brand name used on Southern routes as part of the Govia Thameslink Railway franchise.

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Southern Railway (UK)

The Southern Railway (SR), sometimes shortened to 'Southern', was a British railway company established in the 1923 Grouping.

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Southern Region of British Railways

The Southern Region was a region of British Railways from 1948.

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Spitting Image

Spitting Image is a British satirical puppet show, created by Peter Fluck, Roger Law and Martin Lambie-Nairn.

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Stansted Airport railway station

Stansted Airport railway station serves London Stansted Airport in Essex, England.

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Statutory corporation

A statutory corporation is a corporation created by statute.

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Steam locomotives of British Railways

The steam locomotives of British Railways were used by British Railways over the period 1948–1968.

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Stirling-Alloa-Kincardine rail link

The Stirling-Alloa-Kincardine rail link was a project to re-open of railway line between Stirling, Alloa and Kincardine in Scotland.

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Strategic Rail Authority

In existence from 2001 to 2006, the Strategic Rail Authority (SRA) was a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom set up under the Transport Act 2000 to provide strategic direction for the railway industry.

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Thales Group

Thales Group is a French multinational company that designs and builds electrical systems and provides services for the aerospace, defence, transportation and security markets.

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Thameslink

Thameslink is a 68-station main-line route in the British railway system running north to south through London from Bedford to Brighton, serving both London Gatwick Airport and London Luton Airport, with a suburban loop serving Sutton, Mitcham and and a suburban line via and to.

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The Railway Magazine

The Railway Magazine is a monthly British railway magazine, aimed at the railway enthusiast market, that has been published in London since July 1897.

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Thomas the Tank Engine

Thomas the Tank Engine is a small fictional steam locomotive in The Railway Series books by the Reverend Wilbert Awdry and his son, Christopher.

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TOPS

Total Operations Processing System, or TOPS, is a computer system for managing the locomotives and rolling stock (railroad cars) owned by a rail system.

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Trade name

A trade name, trading name, or business name is a pseudonym used by companies to perform their business under a name that differs from the registered, legal name of the business.

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Train

A train is a form of rail transport consisting of a series of vehicles that usually runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.

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Train operating company

A train operating company (TOC) is a business operating passenger trains on the railway system of Great Britain under the collective National Rail brand.

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Transport Act 1947

The Transport Act 1947 (c. 49) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Tyne and Wear Metro

The Tyne and Wear Metro, referred to locally as simply the Metro, is a rapid transit and light rail system in North East England, serving Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, South Tyneside, North Tyneside and Sunderland in the Tyne and Wear region.

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Vale of Glamorgan Line

The Vale of Glamorgan Line is a Commuter rail in the United Kingdom, running through the Vale of Glamorgan in South Wales, from Cardiff to Bridgend via Barry, Rhoose and Llantwit Major.

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Vale of Rheidol Railway

The Vale of Rheidol Railway (Rheilffordd Cwm Rheidol) is a narrow gauge heritage railway that runs for between Aberystwyth and Devil's Bridge in the county of Ceredigion, Wales.

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Valley Lines (train operating company)

Valley Lines was the trading name of the Cardiff Railway Company, a train operating company owned by Prism Rail that ran local services around Cardiff from October 1996 until October 2001.

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Virgin CrossCountry

Virgin CrossCountry was a train operating company in the United Kingdom operating the InterCity CrossCountry franchise from January 1997 until November 2007.

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Virgin Trains

Virgin Trains (legal name West Coast Trains Limited) is a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Virgin (51%) and Stagecoach (49%) that has operated the InterCity West Coast franchise since 9 March 1997.

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Virgin Trains East Coast

Virgin Trains East Coast (legal name InterCity Railways Limited) is a train operating company in the United Kingdom that operates the InterCity East Coast franchise on the East Coast Main Line between London, Yorkshire, the North East and Scotland.

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Wales

Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, bordered by England to its east, the Irish Sea to its north and west, and the Bristol Channel to its south.

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Wales and Borders

Wales & Borders was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated the Wales & Borders franchise from October 2001 until December 2003.

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Wales and West

Wales & West was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Prism Rail that operated the South Wales & West franchise from October 1996 until October 2001.

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Watercress Line

The Watercress Line is the marketing name of the Mid Hants Railway, a heritage railway in Hampshire, England, running from New Alresford to Alton where it connects to the National Rail network.

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Waterloo & City line

The Waterloo & City line is a tube line operated by London Underground.

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Waverley Route

The Waverley Route was a railway line that ran south from Edinburgh, through Midlothian and the Scottish Borders, to Carlisle.

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Wealden Line

Taking its name from its route through the chalk hills of the North and South Downs of the Weald, England, the Wealden LineBroadbent, S., p. 48.

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Wessex Trains

Wessex Trains was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated the Wessex Trains franchise from October 2001 until March 2006, when the franchise was merged with the Great Western and Thames Valley franchises to form the Greater Western franchise.

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West Anglia Great Northern

West Anglia Great Northern was a train operating company in England owned by National Express, that operated the West Anglia Great Northern franchise from January 1997 until March 2004 and the Great Northern franchise from April 2004 until March 2006.

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West Coast Main Line

The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is a major inter-city railway route in the United Kingdom.

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West of England Main Line

The West of England Main Line is a British railway line from, Hampshire to Exeter St Davids in Devon, England.

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Western Region of British Railways

The Western Region was a region of British Railways from 1948.

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White paper

A white paper is an authoritative report or guide informing readers in a concise manner about a complex issue and presenting the issuing body's philosophy on the matter.

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Woodhead Line

The Woodhead Line was a railway line linking Sheffield, Penistone and Manchester in the north of England.

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World War I

World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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Redirects here:

BR Southern Region, British Railways, British rail, Railway Groupings.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Rail

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