259 relations: Abellio ScotRail, Aberdare, Aberdeen railway station, Achievement (heraldry), Airdrie–Bathgate rail link, Anglia Railways, Arriva Trains Merseyside, Arriva Trains Northern, Arriva Trains Wales, Art Deco, Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen, Aylesbury Vale Parkway railway station, Barbed wire, Beeching cuts, Bicester Military Railway, Big Four (British railway companies), Birmingham, Blair ministry, Borders Railway, Boulogne-sur-Mer, BRB (Residuary) Limited, Brian Robertson, 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge, Brierley Hill, British carriage and wagon numbering and classification, British Rail brand names, British Rail Class 40, British Rail Class 99, British Rail Corporate Identity Manual, British Rail corporate liveries, British Rail Engineering Limited, British Rail flying saucer, British Rail locomotive and multiple unit numbering and classification, British Rail Research Division, British Rail sandwich, British Rail Telecommunications, British Railways Board, British Transport Commission, British Transport Hotels, British Transport Police, C2c, Calais, Cardiff Central railway station, Cargo, Cecil Thomas (sculptor), Central Trains, Chandler's Ford railway station, Charles Franklyn, Chester and Connah's Quay Railway, Classification yard, Clement Attlee, ..., College of Arms, Connex South Central, Connex South Eastern, Conservatism, Corby railway station, CrossCountry, Crown (heraldry), DB Cargo UK, Design history, Design Research Unit, Dieselisation, Double-track railway, Dover, East Coast (train operating company), East Coast Main Line, East Midlands Trains, Eastern Region of British Railways, Ebbw Vale Parkway railway station, Ebbw Valley Railway, Elizabeth II, England, European System of Accounts, First Capital Connect, First Great Eastern, First North Western, First ScotRail, First TransPennine Express, Forth Bridge, France, Franchising, Freight transport, Freightliner Group, Gatwick Express, Generic trademark, Gerry Fiennes, Glenfinnan Viaduct, Global Crossing, Government of the United Kingdom, Govia Thameslink Railway, Great Central Railway, Great Eastern Main Line, Great North Eastern Railway, Great Western main line, Great Western Railway, Great Western Railway (train operating company), Greater Anglia (train operating company), Hansard, Heritage railway, High-speed rail, History of rail transport in Great Britain, History of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994, Hot dog, House of Lords, Hovercraft, Hugh Hudson, Ian Allan Publishing, Impact of the privatisation of British Rail, InterCity (British Rail), Inverness railway station, ITV (TV network), Jeremy Corbyn, Jock Kinneir, Joint railway, Keighley and Worth Valley Railway, Kent, Kidderminster Town railway station, King's Lynn railway station, Labour Party (UK), Lew Adams, Lightning, Lion (heraldry), List of British Rail classes, List of British Railways steam locomotives as of 31 December 1967, List of companies operating trains in the United Kingdom, List of constituents of British Railways, List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, Liverpool Overhead Railway, Liverpool Street station, Llandudno railway station, Logistics, London, London and North Eastern Railway, London and North Western Railway, London Midland, London Midland Region of British Railways, London North Eastern Railway, London Overground, London Paddington station, London Transport Board, London Transport Executive, London Underground, London, Midland and Scottish Railway, Lord Lyon King of Arms, Maesteg Line, Margaret Calvert, Margaret Thatcher, Merseyrail, Metropolitan county, Midland Main Line, Midland Mainline, Milner Gray (designer), Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick, National Express East Anglia, National Express East Coast, National Rail, Nationalization, Network Rail, Network SouthEast, New Labour, North Eastern Region of British Railways, Northern Rail (Serco-Abellio), Office for Budget Responsibility, Oxfordshire Ironstone Railway, Passenger rail franchising in Great Britain, Passenger transport executive, Penzance railway station, Peter Parker (British businessman), Poole railway station, Port and starboard, Privatisation of British Rail, Racal, Rail Alphabet, Rail Delivery Group, Rail Express Systems, Rail freight transport, Rail Riders, Rail subsidies, Rail transport, Rail transport in Great Britain, Railfreight Distribution, Railnews, Railtrack, Railway electrification in Great Britain, Railway electrification system, Railway signalling, Railways Act 1921, Red Star Parcels, Regional Railways, Revenue, Richard Beeching, Robert Riddles, Rolling stock, Rolling stock operating company, Royal Albert Bridge, Scotland, ScotRail (British Rail), ScotRail (National Express), Scottish Region of British Railways, Sealink, Seaspeed, Serpell Report, Severn Valley Railway, Shades of green, Silverlink, SNCF, South Eastern Trains, South Staffordshire line, South West Trains, Southeastern (train operating company), Southern (Govia Thameslink Railway), Southern Railway (UK), Southern Region of British Railways, Spitting Image, SR.N4, Stansted Airport railway station, State-owned enterprise, Statutory corporation, Steam locomotives of British Railways, Stirling–Alloa–Kincardine rail link, Strategic Rail Authority, Tertiary sector of the economy, Thales Group, Thameslink (train operating company 1997–2006), Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern franchise, The Railway Magazine, The wrong type of snow, Thomas the Tank Engine, Tilting train, TOPS, Trade name, Train, Train operating company, Trainload Freight, Transport, Transport Act 1947, Vale of Glamorgan Line, Vale of Rheidol Railway, Valley Lines (train operating company), Virgin CrossCountry, Virgin Trains, Virgin Trains East Coast, Wales, Wales & West, Wales and Borders, Walsall, Watercress Line, Waterloo & City line, Waverley Route, Wealden Line, Wessex Trains, West Anglia Great Northern, West Coast Main Line, West of England line, Western Region of British Railways, White paper, Wolverhampton, Woodhead line, World War I, World War II. 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Abellio ScotRail, (Rèile na h-Alba), operating services under the name ScotRail, is the national train operating company of Scotland.
Aberdare (Aberdâr) is a town in the Cynon Valley area of Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales, at the confluence of the Rivers Dare (Dâr) and Cynon.
Aberdeen railway station is the only railway station in Aberdeen, Scotland.
An achievement, armorial achievement or heraldic achievement (historical: hatchment) in heraldry is a full display or depiction of all the heraldic components to which the bearer of a coat of arms is entitled.
The Airdrie–Bathgate rail link is a completed railway project in central Scotland.
Anglia Railways was a train operating company in England owned by GB Railways and later FirstGroup, that operated the Anglia franchise from January 1997 until March 2004.
Arriva Trains Merseyside was a train operating company in England owned by Arriva that operated the Merseyrail Electrics franchise from January 1997 until July 2003.
Arriva Trains Northern was a train operating company in England owned by Arriva that operated the Regional Railways North East franchise from March 1997 until December 2004.
Arriva Trains Wales (Trenau Arriva Cymru) (ATW) is a British train operating company owned by Arriva UK Trains that operates the Wales & Borders franchise.
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
The Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen (ASLEF) is a British trade union representing train drivers.
Aylesbury Vale Parkway railway station is a railway station serving villages northwest of Aylesbury, England.
Barbed wire, also known as barb wire, less often as bob wire or, in the southeastern United States, bobbed wire, is a type of steel fencing wire constructed with sharp edges or points arranged at intervals along the strand(s).
The Beeching cuts (also Beeching Axe) were a reduction of route network and restructuring of the railways in Great Britain, according to a plan outlined in two reports, The Reshaping of British Railways (1963) and The Development of the Major Railway Trunk Routes (1965), written by Dr Richard Beeching and published by the British Railways Board.
The Bicester Military Railway (BMR) is a railway in Oxfordshire, England belonging to the Ministry of Defence.
The Big Four was a name used to describe the four largest railway companies in the United Kingdom in the period 1923–47.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Tony Blair originally formed the Blair ministry in May 1997 after being invited by Queen Elizabeth II to form a new government following the resignation of the previous Prime Minister, John Major of the Conservative Party, as a result of the Labour Party's landslide victory at the 1997 general election.
The Borders Railway connects the city of Edinburgh with Galashiels and Tweedbank in the Scottish Borders.
Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France.
BRB (Residuary) Limited BRB (Residuary) Limited (BRBR) was the successor to the British Railways Board.
General Brian Hubert Robertson, 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge, (22 July 1896 – 29 April 1974) was a senior British Army officer during the Second World War, who played an important role in the East African, North African and Italian Campaigns.
Brierley Hill is a small town and electoral ward of the Dudley Metropolitan Borough, in the West Midlands of England, and is situated approximately 2.5 miles south of central Dudley and 2 miles north of Stourbridge.
A number of different numbering and classification schemes have been used for carriages and wagons on Britain's railways, and this page explains the principal systems.
British Rail was the brand image of the nationalised railway owner and operator in Great Britain, the British Railways Board, used from 1965 until its breakup and sell-off from 1993 onwards.
The British Rail Class 40 is a type of British railway diesel locomotive.
The British Rail Class 99 was a fleet of ferries or train ferries, most of which were owned by Sealink, that carried rail vehicles between Britain and mainland Europe.
The British Rail Corporate Identity Manual is a corporate identity guide created in 1965 by British Rail.
The history of British Rail's corporate liveries is quite complex.
British Rail Engineering Limited (BREL), incorporated on 31 October 1969, was the railway systems engineering subsidiary of British Rail until the design and building of trains in the UK was privatised in 1989.
The British Rail flying saucer, officially known simply as space vehicle, was a proposed spacecraft designed by Charles Osmond Frederick.
A number of different numbering and classification schemes were used for locomotives and multiple units operated by British Railways (BR), and this page explains the principal systems.
The British Rail Research Division came into being in 1964 directly under the control of the British Railways Board, moving into purpose-built premises at the Railway Technical Centre in Derby.
In British humour, the phrase British Rail sandwich refers to sandwiches sold for consumption on passenger trains of the former British Rail (BR).
British Rail Telecommunications was created in 1992 by British Rail (BR).
The British Railways Board (BRB) was a nationalised industry in the United Kingdom that operated from 1963 to 2001.
The British Transport Commission (BTC) was created by Clement Attlee's post-war Labour government as a part of its nationalisation programme, to oversee railways, canals and road freight transport in Great Britain (Northern Ireland had the separate Ulster Transport Authority).
British Transport Hotels (BTH) was the hotels and catering business of the nationalised railway system in Great Britain.
The British Transport Police (BTP) is a national special police force that polices railways and light-rail systems in England, Scotland and Wales, for which it has entered into an agreement to provide such services.
Trenitalia c2c Limited, Trenitalia c2c Limited formerly NXET Trains Limited trading as c2c, is an English train operating company owned by Trenitalia that operates the Essex Thameside railway franchise.
Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.
Cardiff Central railway station (Caerdydd Canolog) is a major railway station on the South Wales Main Line in Cardiff, United Kingdom and one of two hubs of the city's urban rail network.
In economics, cargo or freight are goods or produce being conveyed – generally for commercial gain – by water, air or land.
Cecil Walter Thomas, FRBS, (3 March 1885 – 16 September 1976) was a British sculptor and medallist.
Central Trains was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated a variety of local and inter-regional trains from March 1997 until November 2007.
Chandler's Ford railway station serves the Chandler's Ford area of Eastleigh in Hampshire, England.
Charles Aubrey Hamilton Franklyn (25 August 1896 &ndash) was a British medical doctor, and scholar of genealogy, heraldry, and academic dress.
The Chester & Connah's Quay Railway ran from Chester Northgate in Chester, Cheshire, England to Shotton, Flintshire, Wales.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
A classification yard (American and Canadian English) or marshalling yard (British, Hong Kong, Indian, Australian and Canadian English) is a railway yard found at some freight train stations, used to separate railway cars onto one of several tracks.
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British statesman of the Labour Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955.
The College of Arms, sometimes referred to as the College of Heralds, is a royal corporation consisting of professional officers of arms, with jurisdiction over England, Wales, Northern Ireland and some Commonwealth realms.
Connex South Central was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Connex that operated the Network SouthCentral franchise from May 1996 until August 2001.
Connex South Eastern was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Connex that operated the South Eastern franchise from October 1996 until November 2003.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
Corby railway station, owned by Network Rail and managed by East Midlands Trains (EMT), is in Corby, Northamptonshire, England.
CrossCountry (legal name XC Trains Limited) is a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Arriva UK Trains, operating the New Cross Country franchise.
A crown is often an emblem of a sovereign state, a monarch's government, or items endorsed by it (see The Crown).
DB Cargo UK, formerly DB Schenker Rail UK and English, Welsh & Scottish Railway (EWS), is a British rail freight company headquartered in Doncaster, England.
Design history is the study of objects of design in their historical and stylistic contexts.
The Design Research Unit (DRU) was one of the first generation of British design consultancies combining expertise in architecture, graphics and industrial design.
Dieselisation or dieselization is a term generally used for the increasingly common use of diesel fuel in vehicles, or known to be said "Rise of diesel power" as opposed to gasoline or steam engines.
A double-track railway usually involves running one track in each direction, compared to a single-track railway where trains in both directions share the same track.
Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.
East Coast, the trading name of the East Coast Main Line Company, was a British train operating company running the InterCity East Coast franchise on the East Coast Main Line between London, Yorkshire, North East England, and Scotland.
The East Coast Main Line (ECML) is a major railway link between London and Edinburgh via Peterborough, Doncaster, York, Darlington, Durham and Newcastle; it is presently electrified along the whole route.
East Midlands Trains (EMT) is a British train operating company owned by Stagecoach Group.
The Eastern Region was a region of British Railways from 1948, whose operating area could be identified from the dark blue signs and colour schemes that adorned its station and other railway buildings.
Ebbw Vale Parkway railway station (Gorsaf reilffordd Parcffordd Glyn Ebwy) is a station on the Ebbw Valley Railway in Wales.
The Ebbw Valley Railway (Rheilffordd Cwm Ebwy) is a branch line of the Great Western Main Line in South Wales.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
The European System of Accounts (ESA) is the system of national accounts and regional accounts used by members of the European Union.
First Capital Connect (FCC) was a British train operating company, owned by FirstGroup, that operated the Thameslink Great Northern franchise from April 2006 to September 2014.
First Great Eastern was a train operating company in England owned by FirstGroup, that operated the Great Eastern franchise from January 1997 until March 2004.
First North Western was a train operating company in England owned by FirstGroup, that operated the North West Regional Railways franchise from March 1997 until December 2004.
First ScotRail was a train operating company in Scotland owned by FirstGroup which operated the ScotRail franchise from October 2004 until March 2015.
First TransPennine Express was a British train operating company jointly owned by FirstGroup and Keolis which operated the TransPennine Express franchise.
The Forth Bridge is a cantilever railway bridge across the Firth of Forth in the east of Scotland, west of Edinburgh City Centre.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Franchising is based on a marketing concept which can be adopted by an organisation as a strategy for business expansion.
Freight transport is the physical process of transporting commodities and merchandise goods and cargo.
Freightliner Group is a rail freight and logistics company, formed in the United Kingdom in 1995, and now having expanded into Australia, The Netherlands and Poland.
Gatwick Express is a high-frequency rail passenger service between London Victoria, Gatwick Airport, and Brighton in South East England.
A generic trademark, also known as a genericized trademark or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name that, due to its popularity or significance, has become the generic name for, or synonymous with, a general class of product or service, usually against the intentions of the trademark's holder.
Gerry Fiennes (full name: Gerard Francis Gisborne Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes OBE, MA) (7 June 1906 – 25 May 1985) was a British railway manager who rose through the ranks of the London and North Eastern Railway and later British Rail following graduation from Oxford University.
The Glenfinnan Viaduct is a railway viaduct on the West Highland Line in Glenfinnan, Inverness-shire, Scotland.
Global Crossing was a telecommunications company that provided computer networking services and operated a tier 1 carrier.
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Govia Thameslink Railway (GTR) is a train operating company that operates the Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern (TSGN) rail franchise in England.
The Great Central Railway (GCR) in England came into being when the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway changed its name in 1897 in anticipation of the opening in 1899 of its London Extension (see Great Central Main Line).
The Great Eastern Main Line (GEML, sometimes referred to as the East Anglia Main Line) is a major railway line on the British railway system which connects Liverpool Street station in central London with destinations in east London and the East of England, including,,,, and.
Great North Eastern Railway, often referred to as GNER, was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Sea Containers that operated the InterCity East Coast franchise from April 1996 until December 2007, when Sea Containers was stripped of the franchise due to poor financial management.
The Great Western main line is a main line railway in England, that runs westwards from London Paddington to.
The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company that linked London with the south-west and west of England, the Midlands, and most of Wales.
First Greater Western Limited, trading as Great Western Railway (GWR), is a British train operating company owned by FirstGroup that operates the Greater Western railway franchise.
Greater Anglia (legal name Abellio East Anglia Limited) is a train operating company in Great Britain owned as a joint venture by Abellio, the international arm of the state-owned Dutch national rail operator Nederlandse Spoorwegen, and the Japanese company Mitsui.
Hansard is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary Debates in Britain and many Commonwealth countries.
A heritage railway is a railway operated as living history to re-create or preserve railway scenes of the past.
High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.
The railway system of Great Britain, the principal territory of the United Kingdom, is the oldest in the world.
The history of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994 covers the period when the British railway system was nationalised under the name of British Rail (initially known as British Railways), until its eventual privatisation in 1994.
A hot dog (also spelled hotdog), also known as a frankfurter (sometimes shortened to frank), dog, or wiener, is a cooked sausage, traditionally grilled or steamed and served in a partially sliced bun.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
A hovercraft, also known as an air-cushion vehicle or ACV, is a craft capable of travelling over land, water, mud, ice, and other surfaces.
Hugh Hudson (born 25 August 1936) is an English film director.
Ian Allan Publishing is a UK publisher, established in 1942, which specialised in transport books.
The impact of the privatisation of British Rail in the 1990s has been the subject of much debate, which has continued to the present day.
InterCity (or, in the earliest days, the hyphenated Inter-City) was introduced by British Rail in 1966 as a brand-name for its long-haul express passenger services (see British Rail brand names for a full history).
Inverness railway station is the railway station serving the Scottish city of Inverness.
ITV is a British commercial TV network.
Jeremy Bernard Corbyn (born 26 May 1949).
Richard "Jock" Kinneir (11 February 1917 – 23 August 1994) was a typographer and graphic designer who, with colleague Margaret Calvert, designed many of the road signs used throughout the United Kingdom.
A joint railway is a railway operating under the control of more than one railway company: those companies very often supplying the traction over the railway.
The Keighley and Worth Valley Railway is a branch line that served mills and villages in the Worth Valley and is now a heritage railway line in West Yorkshire, England.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
Kidderminster Town is a railway station situated in the town of Kidderminster, Worcestershire, England.
King's Lynn railway station is the northern terminus of the Fen line in the east of England, serving the town of King's Lynn, Norfolk.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
Lewis Drummond Adams (born 16 August 1939) is a British former trade unionist.
Lightning is a sudden electrostatic discharge that occurs typically during a thunderstorm.
The lion is a common charge in heraldry.
This article lists the wide variety of locomotives and multiple units that have operated on Great Britain's railway network, since Nationalisation in 1948.
List of British Railways steam locomotives as of 31 December 1967.
This article only covers companies operating trains on Network Rail lines.
The following is a list of constituents of British Railways.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the Government of the United Kingdom, and chairs Cabinet meetings.
The Liverpool Overhead Railway (known locally as the Dockers' Umbrella) was an overhead railway in Liverpool which operated along the Liverpool Docks and opened in 1893 with lightweight electric multiple units.
Liverpool Street station, also known as London Liverpool Street, is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in the north-eastern corner of the City of London, in the ward of Bishopsgate.
Llandudno railway station serves the seaside town of Llandudno in North Wales, and is the terminus of a long branch line from on the Crewe to Holyhead North Wales Coast Line.
Logistics is generally the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) was the second largest (after LMS) of the "Big Four" railway companies created by the Railways Act 1921 in Britain.
The London and North Western Railway (LNWR, L&NWR) was a British railway company between 1846 and 1922.
London Midland was a train operating company in England, owned by Govia, which operated the West Midlands franchise.
The London Midland Region (LMR) was one of the six regions created on the formation of the nationalised British Railways (BR) and initially consisted of ex-London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) lines in England and Wales.
London North Eastern Railway (LNER) is a British train operating company that operates the InterCity East Coast franchise.
London Overground (also known simply as the Overground) is a suburban rail network serving London and its environs.
Paddington, also known as London Paddington, is a Central London railway terminus and London Underground station complex, located on Praed Street in the Paddington area.
The London Transport Board was the organisation responsible for public transport (except main-line trains) in London, UK, and its environs from 1963 to 1969.
The London Transport Executive (LTE) was the organisation responsible for public transport in the Greater London area, UK, between 1948–1962.
The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.
The London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS)It has been argued that the initials LMSR should be used to be consistent with LNER, GWR and SR.
The Right Honourable the Lord Lyon King of Arms, the head of Lyon Court, is the most junior of the Great Officers of State in Scotland and is the Scottish official with responsibility for regulating heraldry in that country, issuing new grants of arms, and serving as the judge of the Court of the Lord Lyon, the oldest heraldic court in the world that is still in daily operation.
The Maesteg Line is a commuter rail line in South Wales from Bridgend to Maesteg.
Margaret Vivienne Calvert (born 1936) is a British typographer and graphic designer who, with colleague Jock Kinneir, designed many of the road signs used throughout the United Kingdom, as well as the Transport font used on road signs, the Rail Alphabet font used on the British railway system, and an early version of the signs used in airports.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
Merseyrail is both a train operating company (TOC) and a commuter rail network in and around Liverpool City Region, England.
The metropolitan counties are a type of county-level administrative division of England.
The Midland Main Line is a major railway line in England from London to Sheffield in the north of England.
Midland Mainline was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated the Midland Main Line franchise from April 1996 until November 2007.
Milner Connorton Gray CBE(1899–1997) was one of the key figures of British industrial design in the 20th century, having played an important role in establishing design as a recognized profession, the emergence of British design consultancies, and the development of Design Management.
The Modern Records Centre (MRC) is the specialist archive service of the University of Warwick in Coventry, England, located adjacent to the Central Campus Library.
National Express East Anglia (NXEA) was a train operating company in England owned by National Express, that operated the Greater Anglia franchise from April 2004 until February 2012.
National Express East Coast (NXEC) was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated the InterCity East Coast franchise from December 2007 until November 2009, when it refused financial support for its franchise.
National Rail (NR) in the United Kingdom is the trading name licensed for use by the Rail Delivery Group, an unincorporated association whose membership consists of the passenger train operating companies (TOCs) of England, Scotland, and Wales.
Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.
Network Rail is the owner (via its subsidiary Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd, which was known as Railtrack plc before 2002) and infrastructure manager of most of the rail network in England, Scotland and Wales.
Network SouthEast (NSE) was one of the three passenger sectors of British Rail formed in 1982.
New Labour refers to a period in the history of the British Labour Party from the late-1990s until 2010 under the leadership of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The North Eastern Region was a region of British Railways from 1948, whose operating area could be identified by the orange signs and colour schemes that adorned its stations and other railway buildings.
Northern Rail was an English train operating company owned by Serco-Abellio that operated the Northern franchise from 2004 until 2016.
The Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) is an advisory non-departmental public body that the UK government established to provide independent economic forecasts and independent analysis of the public finances as background to the preparation of the UK budget.
The Oxfordshire Ironstone Railway was a standard-gauge mineral railway that served an ironstone quarry near the village of Wroxton in Oxfordshire.
Passenger rail franchising in Great Britain is the system of contracting out the operation of the passenger services on the railways of Great Britain to private companies through a system of franchising.
In the United Kingdom, passenger transport executives (PTEs) are local government bodies which are responsible for public transport within large urban areas.
Penzance railway station serves the town of Penzance in west Cornwall, England.
Sir Peter Parker KBE LVO (30 August 1924 – 28 April 2002) was a British businessman and chairman of the British Railways Board from 1976 to 1983.
Down stopping train in 1958 Poole railway station is on the South Western Main Line serving the town of Poole in Dorset, England.
Port and starboard are nautical and aeronautical terms for left and right, respectively.
The Privatisation of British Rail was the process by which ownership and operation of the railways of Great Britain passed from government control into private hands.
Racal Electronics plc was once the third largest British electronics firm.
Rail Alphabet is a typeface designed by Jock Kinneir and Margaret Calvert for British Railways.
The Rail Delivery Group (RDG) is a membership body in the British railway system, bringing together the companies that run Britain’s railway into a single team with one goal - to deliver a better railway for Britain, its businesses and communities.
Rail Express Systems was a sector of British Rail.
Rail freight transport is the use of railroads and trains to transport cargo as opposed to human passengers.
Rail Riders, originally called Great Rail Club was a club for young rail enthusiasts run by British Rail in the United Kingdom between 1981 and 1991.
Many countries offer subsidies to their railways because of the social and economic benefits that it brings.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
The railway system in Great Britain is the oldest in the world.
Railfreight Distribution was a sub-sector of British Rail created by the division in 1987 of British Rail's previous Railfreight sector.
Railnews is a national monthly newspaper and news website for the British railway network.
Railtrack was a group of companies that owned the track, signalling, tunnels, bridges, level crossings and all but a handful of the stations of the British railway system from 1994 until 2002.
Railway electrification in Great Britain began during the late 19th century.
A railway electrification system supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply.
Railway signalling is a system used to direct railway traffic and keep trains clear of each other at all times.
The Railways Act 1921 (c. 55), also known as the Grouping Act, was an Act of Parliament enacted by the British government and intended to stem the losses being made by many of the country's 120 railway companies, move the railways away from internal competition and retain some of the benefits which the country had derived from a government-controlled railway during and after the Great War of 1914–1918.
Red Star Parcels which is different from Red Star services was a service which used passenger trains for transporting parcels between passenger railway stations throughout the United Kingdom, owned and operated by British Rail.
Regional Railways was one of the three passenger sectors of British Rail created in 1982 that existed until 1997, two years after privatisation.
In accounting, revenue is the income that a business has from its normal business activities, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers.
Richard Beeching, Baron Beeching (21 April 1913 – 23 March 1985), commonly known as Dr Beeching, was a physicist and engineer who for a short but very notable time was chairman of British Railways and an affiliate of the Conservative Party in Britain.
Robert Arthur "Robin" Riddles, CBE, MIMechE, MinstLE (23 May 1892 – 18 June 1983) was a British locomotive engineer.
The term rolling stock in rail transport industry originally referred to any vehicles that move on a railway.
A rolling stock operating company (ROSCO) owns and maintains railway engines and carriages which are leased to train operating companies who operate the trains.
The Royal Albert Bridge is a railway bridge which spans the River Tamar in England between Plymouth, Devon and Saltash, Cornwall.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The ScotRail trading name was adopted on 22 September 1983, under manager Chris Green, British Railways Scottish Region to provide a distinctive brand for the British Rail network in Scotland.
ScotRail was a train operating company in Scotland owned by National Express that operated the ScotRail franchise from March 1997 until October 2004.
The Scottish Region (ScR) was one of the six regions created on British Railways (BR) and consisted of ex-London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) and ex-London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) lines in Scotland.
Sealink was a ferry company based in the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1984, operating services to France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Channel Islands, Isle of Wight and Ireland.
Seaspeed was the joint hovercraft operations of British Rail (under British Rail Hovercraft Limited) in association with the French SNCF.
The Serpell Report was produced by a committee chaired by Sir David Serpell, a retired senior civil servant.
The Severn Valley Railway is a heritage railway in Shropshire and Worcestershire, England.
Varieties of the color green may differ in hue, chroma (also called saturation or intensity) or lightness (or value, tone, or brightness), or in two or three of these qualities.
Silverlink was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated the North London Railways franchise from March 1997 until November 2007.
The Société nationale des chemins de fer français (SNCF, "French National Railway Company") is France's national state-owned railway company.
South Eastern Trains, branded as Southeastern, was a publicly owned train operating company that operated the South Eastern Passenger Rail Franchise between November 2003, when it took over from Connex South Eastern, and 1 April 2006, when Southeastern began operating the new Integrated Kent franchise.
The South Staffordshire line is a railway line that once connected Lichfield in Staffordshire, England with Dudley, formerly in Worcestershire.
South West Trains (SWT) was an English train operating company owned by Stagecoach, which operated the South Western franchise between 1996 and 2017.
London & South Eastern Railway Limited, trading as Southeastern, is a British train operating company owned by the Anglo-French joint venture Govia that provides rail services in South East England.
Southern is the brand name used by the Govia Thameslink Railway (GTR) train operating company on the Southern routes of the Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern franchise in England.
The Southern Railway (SR), sometimes shortened to 'Southern', was a British railway company established in the 1923 Grouping.
The Southern Region was a region of British Railways from 1948 until 1992 when railways were re-privatised.
Spitting Image is a British satirical puppet show, created by Peter Fluck, Roger Law and Martin Lambie-Nairn.
The SR.N4 (Saunders-Roe Nautical 4) hovercraft (also known as the Mountbatten-class hovercraft) was a large passenger and vehicle carrying hovercraft built by the British Hovercraft Corporation (BHC).
Stansted Airport railway station is on a branch line off the West Anglia Main Line in the east of England and was opened in 1991 to provide a rail link to London Stansted Airport.
A state-owned enterprise (SOE) is a business enterprise where the state has significant control through full, majority, or significant minority ownership.
A statutory corporation is a corporation created by the state.
The steam locomotives of British Railways were used by British Railways over the period 1948–1968.
The Stirling–Alloa–Kincardine rail link was a project to re-open of railway line between Stirling, Alloa and Kincardine in Scotland.
The Strategic Rail Authority (SRA) was a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom set up under the Transport Act 2000 to provide strategic direction for the railway industry.
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
Thales Group is a French multinational company that designs and builds electrical systems and provides services for the aerospace, defence, transportation and security markets.
Thameslink was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Govia that operated the Thameslink franchise from March 1997 until March 2006.
Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern (TSGN) is a management contract for the provision of passenger services on the Thameslink and Great Northern routes to,,,,,, London Moorgate, Sutton, Wimbledon and Brighton, as well as the whole Southern network (including the Gatwick Express) and the jointly operated First Capital Connect Southeastern services (for example the Kentish Town - via), which were added to the franchise on 25 July 2015, with the Southern and Gatwick Express brands retained.
The Railway Magazine is a monthly British railway magazine, aimed at the railway enthusiast market, that has been published in London since July 1897.
"The wrong type of snow" or "the wrong kind of snow" is a phrase coined by the British media in 1991 after severe weather caused disruption to many of British Rail's services.
Thomas the Tank Engine is a fictional steam locomotive in The Railway Series books by the Reverend Wilbert Awdry and his son, Christopher.
A tilting train is a train that has a mechanism enabling increased speed on regular rail tracks.
Total Operations Processing System, or TOPS, is a computer system for managing the locomotives and rolling stock (railroad cars) owned by and/or operated on a rail system.
A trade name, trading name, or business name is a pseudonym frequently used by companies to operate under a name different from their registered, legal name.
A train is a form of transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.
A train operating company (TOC) is a business operating passenger trains on the railway system of Great Britain under the collective National Rail brand.
Trainload Freight was the sector of British Rail responsible for trainload freight services.
Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.
The Transport Act 1947 (c. 49) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Vale of Glamorgan Line is a commuter railway line in Wales, running through the Vale of Glamorgan from Barry to Bridgend via Rhoose and Llantwit Major.
The Vale of Rheidol Railway (Rheilffordd Cwm Rheidol) is a narrow gauge heritage railway, opened in 1902, that runs for between Aberystwyth and Devil's Bridge in the county of Ceredigion, Wales.
Valley Lines was the trading name of the Cardiff Railway Company, a train operating company owned by Prism Rail that ran local services around Cardiff from October 1996 until October 2001.
Virgin CrossCountry was a train operating company in the United Kingdom operating the InterCity CrossCountry franchise from January 1997 until November 2007.
Virgin Trains (legal name West Coast Trains Limited) is a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Virgin Rail Group that has operated the InterCity West Coast franchise since 9 March 1997.
Virgin Trains East Coast (legal name East Coast Main Line Company Limited) was a train operating company in the United Kingdom that operated the InterCity East Coast franchise on the East Coast Main Line between London, Yorkshire, the North East and Scotland.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Wales & West was a train operating company in the United Kingdom that operated the South Wales & West franchise from 1996 until 2001.
Wales and Borders Trains was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated the Wales & Borders franchise from October 2001 until December 2003.
Walsall is an industrial town in the West Midlands of England.
The Watercress Line is the marketing name of the Mid Hants Railway, a heritage railway in Hampshire, England, running from New Alresford to Alton where it connects to the National Rail network.
The Waterloo & City line (colloquially known as The Drain) is a London Underground line that runs between Waterloo and Bank with no intermediate stops.
The Waverley Route was a railway line that ran south from Edinburgh, through Midlothian and the Scottish Borders, to Carlisle.
The Wealden LineBroadbent, S., p. 48.
Wessex Trains was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated the Wessex Trains franchise from October 2001 until March 2006, when the franchise was merged with the Great Western and Thames Valley franchises to form the Greater Western franchise.
West Anglia Great Northern was a train operating company in England owned by National Express, that operated the West Anglia Great Northern franchise from January 1997 until March 2004 and the Great Northern franchise from April 2004 until March 2006.
The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important railway corridors in the United Kingdom, connecting the major cities of London, Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester, and Glasgow.
The West of England line (also known as the West of England Main Line) is a British railway line from, Hampshire, to Exeter St Davids in Devon, England.
The Western Region was a region of British Railways from 1948.
A white paper is an authoritative report or guide that informs readers concisely about a complex issue and presents the issuing body's philosophy on the matter.
Wolverhampton is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
The Woodhead line was a railway line linking Sheffield, Penistone and Manchester in the north of England.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.