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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom. [1]

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1981 Brixton riot, 2003 European heat wave, 2012 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Paralympics, 2017 World Championships in Athletics, 30 St Mary Axe. 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A Journal of the Plague Year is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published in March 1722.

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The A1 is the longest numbered road in the UK, at.

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Abbey Road Studios (formerly known as EMI Studios) is a recording studio located at 3 Abbey Road, St John's Wood, City of Westminster, London, England.

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ABC-CLIO, or ABC-Clio, is a publisher of reference works for the study of history and social studies in academic, secondary school, and public library settings.

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An academic health science(s) centre (AHSC; also known as an academic health science(s) system, an academic health science(s) partnership or an academic medical centre) is a partnership between one or more universities and healthcare providers focusing on research, clinical services, education and training.

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The Academy of Live and Recorded Arts (ALRA) is a British drama school situated on Wandsworth Common, South West London and in Wigan, Greater Manchester making it the only Drama UK drama school to offer identical training at two separate institutions across the United Kingdom.

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Addington Hills is a park in Upper Shirley, London, England.

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Adele Laurie Blue Adkins,Frehsée, Nicole (22 January 2009), "Meet Adele, the U.K.'s Newest Soul Star," Rolling Stone. (1070):26 MBE (born 5 May 1988) known mononymously as Adele, is a British singer and songwriter.

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The Admiraal de Ruijter was an international train service linking Amsterdam with London.

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Ahmadiyya (officially the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community or the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at; الجماعة الإسلامية الأحمدية, transliterated) is an Islamic religious movement founded in British India near the end of the 19th century.

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The Airports Commission is an independent commission established in September 2012 by the Government of the United Kingdom to consider how the UK can “maintain its status as an international hub for aviation and immediate actions to improve the use of existing runway capacity in the next 5 years”.

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The Albert Memorial is situated in Kensington Gardens, London, directly to the north of the Royal Albert Hall.

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Albertopolis is the area centred on Exhibition Road in London, England, named after Prince Albert, spouse of Queen Victoria.

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Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock, KBE (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was an English film director and producer.

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Alfred the Great (849 – 26 October 899) (Ælfrēd, Ælfrǣd, "elf counsel" or "wise elf") was King of Wessex from 871 to 899.

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The All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, also known as the All-England Club, based at Church Road, Wimbledon, London, England, is a private members' club.

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The Alps (Alpi; Alpes; Alpen; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, stretching approximately across eight Alpine countries: Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

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Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.

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Amsterdam is the capital city and most populous city of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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Amy Jade Winehouse (14 September 1983 – 23 July 2011) was an English singer and songwriter known for her deep vocals and her eclectic mix of musical genres, including soul (sometimes labelled as blue-eyed soul and neo soul), rhythm and blues, and jazz.

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Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.

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Andrew Lloyd Webber, Baron Lloyd-Webber (born 22 March 1948) is an English composer and impresario of musical theatre.

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Angel is an area on the northern fringe of central London.

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The Anglican Communion is an international association of churches consisting of the Church of England and of national and regional Anglican churches in full communion with it.

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Anglicanism is a tradition within Christianity comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures.

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The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons.

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The history of Anglo-Saxon London relates to the history of the city of London during the Anglo-Saxon period, during the 7th to 11th centuries.

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The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.

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Anguis fragilis, or slow worm, slow-worm or slowworm, is a limbless reptile native to Eurasia.

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Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium which is the capital of Antwerp province.

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The applied arts are the application of design and decoration to everyday objects to make them aesthetically pleasing.

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The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. The current archbishop is Justin Welby. He is the 105th in a line which goes back more than 1400 years to Augustine of Canterbury, the "Apostle to the English", in the year 597. On 9 November 2012 it was officially announced that Welby, then the Bishop of Durham, had been appointed to succeed Rowan Williams as the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury. His enthronement took place in Canterbury Cathedral on 21 March 2013. From the time of Augustine until the 16th century, the Archbishops of Canterbury were in full communion with the See of Rome and thus usually received the pallium. During the English Reformation the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church, at first temporarily under Henry VIII and Edward VI and later permanently during the reign of Elizabeth I. In the Middle Ages there was considerable variation in the methods of nomination of the Archbishop of Canterbury and other bishops. At various times the choice was made by the canons of Canterbury Cathedral, the Pope, or the King of England. Since the English Reformation, the Church of England has been more explicitly a state church and the choice is legally that of the Crown; today it is made by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister, who receives a shortlist of two names from an "ad hoc" committee called the Crown Nominations Commission.

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Architecture (Latin architectura, after the Greek ἀρχή τέχνη – arkhḗ tékhnē – composed by ἀρχή "origin" and τέχνη "art, craft") is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other physical structures.

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Arsenal Football Club is a professional football club based in Holloway, London.

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Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle KStJ, DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a British writer and physician, most noted for his fictional stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered milestones in the field of crime fiction.

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Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Badgers are short-legged omnivores in the family Mustelidae which also includes the otters, polecats, weasels and wolverines.

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The Baitul Futuh Mosque (English: House of Victories), also known as the Morden Mosque, is a mosque complex in Morden, London.

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The balance of payments, also known as balance of international payments and abbreviated BoP or BP, of a country is the record of all economic transactions between the residents of the country and the rest of the world in a particular period (over a quarter of a year or more commonly over a year).

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Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ,, lit. "The land of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.

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A bank holiday is a public holiday in the United Kingdom, some Commonwealth countries, other European countries such as Switzerland, and a colloquialism for a public holiday in Ireland.

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The Bank of England, formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, is the central bank of the United Kingdom and the model on which most modern central banks have been based.

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Bankside Power Station is a former oil-fired power station, located on the south bank of the River Thames, in the Bankside district of London.

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BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Neasden (also commonly known as the Neasden Temple), is a Hindu temple in the London Borough of Brent in northwest London, England.

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The Barbican Centre is a performing arts centre in the City of London and the largest of its kind in Europe.

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The Barbican Estate is a residential estate built during the 1960s and the 1970s in the City of London, in an area once devastated by World War II bombings and today densely populated by financial institutions.

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Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry is a medical and dental school.

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Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera (from the Greek χείρ - cheir, "hand" and πτερόν - pteron, "wing") whose forelimbs form webbed wings, making them the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.

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Battersea Park is a 200 acre (83-hectare) green space at Battersea in the London Borough of Wandsworth in London.

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Battersea Power Station is a decommissioned coal-fired power station located on the south bank of the River Thames, in Nine Elms, Battersea, an inner-city district of South West London.

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The Battle of Hastings was fought on 14 October 1066 between the Norman-French army of Duke William II of Normandy and an English army under the Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson, beginning the Norman conquest of England.

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The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the public-service broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London.

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BBC Radio 1Xtra (also known simply as 1Xtra) is a digital radio station in the United Kingdom from the BBC specialising in urban music.

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The BBC Television Centre at White City in west London was the headquarters of BBC Television between 1960 and 2013.

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Bedford is the county town of Bedfordshire, in the East of England.

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Bedfordshire (or /ˈbɛdfədʃɪə/; abbreviated Beds.) is a county in the East of England.

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Benjamin Jonson (c. 11 June 1572 – 6 August 1637) was an English playwright, poet, actor, and literary critic of the seventeenth century, whose artistry exerted a lasting impact upon English poetry and stage comedy.

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Bethnal Green Academy (formerly known as Daniel Street School, Daneford and Bethnal Green High School and Bethnal Green Technology College) is a coeducational academy school for students aged between 11-19 based in Bethnal Green in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, in East London.

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Bevis Marks Synagogue, officially Qahal Kadosh Sha'ar ha-Shamayim (קהל קדוש שער השמים, "Holy Congregation Gate of Heaven") is the oldest synagogue in the United Kingdom.

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Billingsgate Fish Market, in east London, is the United Kingdom's largest inland fish market.

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Birkbeck, University of London (formerly Birkbeck College, informally Birkbeck), is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, which specialises in evening higher education, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.

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Black British are British people of Black and African origins or heritage, including those of African-Caribbean (sometimes called "Afro-Caribbean") background, and may include people with mixed ancestry.

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The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people and peaking in Europe in the years 1346–53.

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Blackheath Football Club is a rugby union club based in Blackheath in south-east London, now playing at the Rectory Field (known as 'The Rec' or 'The Parsonage').

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Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area.

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Blowup, or Blow-Up, is a British-Italian 1966 film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni about a fashion photographer, played by David Hemmings, who believes he has unwittingly captured a murder on film.

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Blur are an English rock band, formed in London in 1988.

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A boat train is a passenger train operating to a port for the specific purpose of making connection with a passenger ship, such as a ferry or ocean liner.

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Bordeaux (Gascon: Bordèu; Bordele) is a port city on the Garonne River in the Gironde department in southwestern France.

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Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson (born 19 June 1964) is a British politician, popular historian and journalist who has served as Mayor of London since 2008 and as Member of Parliament (MP) for Uxbridge and South Ruislip since 2015.

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Boudica (alternative spelling: Boudicca, also known as Boadicea and in Welsh as Buddug) (d. AD 60 or 61) was a queen of the British Iceni tribe who led an uprising against the occupying forces of the Roman Empire.

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The Bow Street Runners have been called London's first professional police force.

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Brick Lane (Bengali: ব্রিক লেন) is a street in east London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.

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Brighton is a seaside resort and the largest part of the city of Brighton and Hove situated in East Sussex, England.

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Bristol is a city, unitary authority and county in South West England with an estimated population of 442,500 in 2015.

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Britannia was the Roman and Greek term for the geographical region of Great Britain which was inhabited by the Britons and is the name given to the female personification of the island.

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The British Academy Film Awards are presented in an annual award show hosted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA).

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vt unexplained ed British African Caribbean (or Afro-Caribbean) people are residents of the United Kingdom who are of West Indian background and whose ancestors were primarily indigenous to Africa.

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British Airways, often shortened to BA, is the flag carrier airline of the United Kingdom and the largest airline in the United Kingdom based on fleet size.

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British Arabs are Arab people living or born in the United Kingdom.

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The British Armed Forces form the military of the United Kingdom, tasked with defence of the country, its overseas territories and the Crown dependencies; as well as promoting the UK's wider interests, supporting international peacekeeping efforts, and providing humanitarian aid.

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The British Army is the United Kingdom's principal land warfare force.

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British Asians (also referred as South Asians in the United Kingdom, Asian British people or Asian Britons), are persons of Asian descent who resides in the United Kingdom.

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A British Bangladeshi (ব্রিটিশ বাংলাদেশি) is a person of Bangladeshi origin who resides in the United Kingdom having immigrated to the UK and attained citizenship through naturalisation or whose ancestors did so.

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British Chinese (also known as Chinese British, Chinese Britons) (Chinese: 華僑, 华侨, Yīngguó Huáqiáo) are people of Chineseparticularly Han Chineseancestry who reside in the United Kingdom, constituting the second or third largest group of overseas Chinese in Europe apart from the Chinese diaspora in France and the overseas Chinese community in Russia.

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British History Online is a digital library of primary and secondary sources on medieval and modern history of Great Britain and Ireland.

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The term British Indian (also Indian British or Indian Britons) refers to citizens of the United Kingdom whose ancestral roots lie in India.

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British Jews (often referred to collectively as Anglo-Jewry) are British people of Jewish descent who maintain a connection to the Jewish community, either through actively practising Judaism or through cultural and historical affiliation.

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The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest library in the world by number of items catalogued.

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The British Museum is a museum dedicated to human history, art, and culture, located in the Bloomsbury area of London.

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British Pakistanis (پاکستانی نزاد برطانوی; also known as Pakistani British people or Pakistani Britons) are citizens or residents of the United Kingdom whose ancestral roots lie in Pakistan.

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During British Summer Time (BST), civil time in the United Kingdom is advanced one hour forward of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) (in effect, changing the time zone from UTC+0 to UTC+1), so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less.

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The British Transport Police (BTP) (Heddlu Trafnidiaeth Prydeinig) is a special police force that polices railways and light-rail systems in Great Britain, for which it has entered into an agreement to provide such services.

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The Brixton Academy, officially called O2 Academy, Brixton, is one of London's leading music venues, nightclubs and theatres.

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The Broadgate Tower is a skyscraper in London's main financial district, the City of London.

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The Bronze Age is a time period characterized by the use of bronze, proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.

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Brownfield is a term used in urban planning to describe land previously used for industrial purposes or some commercial uses.

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Brunel University London (informally Brunel) is a public research university located in Uxbridge, London, United Kingdom.

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Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the city of Brussels which de jure is the capital of Belgium, the French Community of Belgium, and the Flemish Community.

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Bubonic plague is one of three types of bacterial infection caused by Yersinia pestis.

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Buckingham Palace is the London residence and principal workplace of the monarch of the United Kingdom.

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Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

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Bush are a British rock band formed in London in 1992.

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Bushy Park in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames is the second largest of London's Royal Parks, at in area.

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A business jet, private jet, or bizjet, or simply B.J., is a jet aircraft designed for transporting small groups of people.

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Cadogan Hall is a 950-seat capacity concert hall in Sloane Terrace in Chelsea / Belgravia in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, London, England.

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The city of Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England.

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Canary Wharf is a major business district located in Tower Hamlets, east London, England.

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Canterbury is a historic English cathedral city and UNESCO World Heritage Site, which lies at the heart of the City of Canterbury, a local government district of Kent in the United Kingdom.

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A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality enjoying primary status in a country, state, province, or other region, usually as its seat of government.

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The Capital Ring is a strategic walking route that is being promoted by London's 33 local councils, led by the City of London Corporation in partnership with the Greater London Authority and its functional body for regional transport, Transport for London, through which much of the funding is provided.

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Cardiff (Caerdydd) is the capital and largest city in Wales and the tenth largest city in the United Kingdom.

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The Caribbean (or; Caribe; Caraïben; Caribbean Hindustani: कैरिबियन (Kairibiyana); Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles) is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean), and the surrounding coasts.

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Carnaby Street is a pedestrianised shopping street in the City of Westminster, central London, England, located in the Soho district, near Oxford Street and Regent Street.

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Cass Business School (short for the Sir John Cass Business School, City of London) was established in 1966 as the City University Business School, the school changed its name in August 2002 following a donation from the Sir John Cass Foundation, and was officially opened under its new name by Queen Elizabeth II in 2003.

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Yusuf Islam (born Steven Demetre Georgiou), commonly known by his former stage name Cat Stevens, is a British singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, humanitarian, and education philanthropist.

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The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.

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The Britons were an ancient Celtic people who lived on Great Britain from the Iron Age through the Roman and Sub-Roman periods.

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The Celts (occasionally, see pronunciation of ''Celtic'') were people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.

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Coincident full censuses have taken place in the different jurisdictions of the United Kingdom every ten years since 1801, with the exceptions of 1941 (during the Second World War) and both Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State in 1921.

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The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Central London is the innermost part of London, England.

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Central School of Ballet is a classical ballet school based in London, with students from countries all over the world.

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The Royal Central School of Speech & Drama was founded by Elsie Fogerty in 1906 to offer a new form of training in speech and drama for young actors and other students.

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Centre Court is the main court at the Wimbledon Championship, the third annual Grand Slam event of the tennis calendar.

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The ceremonial counties of England are areas to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed.

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The Challenge Cup is a knockout cup competition for rugby league clubs organised by the Rugby Football League.

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The Channel Tunnel (Le tunnel sous la Manche; also referred to as the Chunnel) is a rail tunnel linking Folkestone, Kent, in the United Kingdom, with Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais, near Calais in northern France, beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover.

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Charing Cross denotes the junction of Strand, Whitehall and Cockspur Street, just south of Trafalgar Square in central London.

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Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.

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Sir Charles Spencer "Charlie" Chaplin, (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the silent era.

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Chelsea Football Club are a professional football club based in Fulham, London, who play in the Premier League, the highest level of English football.

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Chelsea is an affluent area in southwest London, bounded to the south by the River Thames.

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Chester is a walled city in Cheshire, England.

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The name Chinatown has been used at different times to describe different places in London.

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Chinese cuisine includes styles originating from the diverse regions of China, as well as from Chinese people in other parts of the world.

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Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

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ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Christopher Jonathan James Nolan (born 30 July 1970) is an English-American film director, screenwriter, and producer.

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Sir Christopher Michael Wren PRS (20 October 1632 – 25 February 1723) is one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history.

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The Church of England is the officially-established Christian church in England, and the mother church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.

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City and Islington College, known as Candi, is a further education college in the London Borough of Islington, England, with five major sites.

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The City and South London Railway (C&SLR) was the first deep-level underground "tube" railway in the world, and the first major railway to use electric traction.

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City Hall is the headquarters of the Greater London Authority (GLA), which comprises the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

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The City of London is a city and county within London.

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The City of London Corporation, officially and legally the Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens of the City of London, is the municipal governing body of the City of London, the historic centre of London and the location of much of the UK's financial sector.

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The City of London Police is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement within the City of London, including the Middle and Inner Temples.

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The City of London School, also known as CLS and City, is an independent day school for boys in the City of London, England, on the banks of the River Thames next to the Millennium Bridge.

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The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough which occupies much of the central area of Greater London including most of the West End.

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City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities:, there are 69 cities in the United Kingdom – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland.

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City University London is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom.

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Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.

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The Clean Air Act 1956 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed in response to London's Great Smog of 1952.

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The term Cockney has had several distinct geographical, social, and linguistic associations.

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Coffeehouse, coffee shop, and coffee bar are related terms for an establishment which primarily serves hot coffee, related coffee beverages (e.g., espresso, cappuccino, caffè latte), tea and other hot beverages.

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Colchester is an historic town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in Essex, England.

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Coldplay are a British rock band formed in 1996 by lead vocalist Chris Martin and lead guitarist Jonny Buckland at University College London (UCL).

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The Commonwealth Games (known as the British Empire Games from 1930–1950, the British Empire and Commonwealth Games from 1954–1966, and British Commonwealth Games from 1970–1974) is an international, multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations.

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The Commonwealth of Nations, commonly known as the Commonwealth (formerly the British Commonwealth), is an intergovernmental organization of 53 member states that were mostly territories of the former British Empire.

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In statistics, a confidence interval (CI) is a type of interval estimate of a population parameter.

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The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.

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The constitution of the United Kingdom is the sum of laws and principles that make up the body politic of the United Kingdom.

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A constitutional convention is an informal and uncodified procedural agreement that is followed by the institutions of a state.

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Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers) made of weathering steel.

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Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent (particularly by Britons, Azores and Madeira Portuguese, Balearic and Canary Spaniards, Icelanders and other European island nations, and peninsular Scandinavians), is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding the islands of Europe.

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A controlled-access highway is a type of highway which has been designed for high-speed vehicular traffic, with all traffic flow and ingress/egress regulated.

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A conurbation is a region comprising a number of cities, large towns, and other urban areas that, through population growth and physical expansion, have merged to form one continuous urban and industrially developed area.

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Counties of England are areas used for the purposes of administrative, geographical and political demarcation.

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The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

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The County of London was a county of England from 1889 to 1965, corresponding to the area known today as Inner London.

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The court of a monarch, or at some periods an important nobleman, is a term for the extended household and all those who regularly attended on the ruler or central figure.

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The Courtauld Institute of Art, commonly referred to as The Courtauld, is a self-governing college of the University of London specialising in the study of the history of art and conservation.

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Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players each on a field at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard-long pitch.

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The ICC Cricket World Cup is the international championship of One Day International (ODI) cricket.

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Crossrail is a railway line under construction in London and its environs.

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Croydon is a large town in South London, England, the principal settlement of the London Borough of Croydon.

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Crystal Palace Football Club is an English professional football club based in South Norwood, London.

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Cycling in London is a popular mode of transport and leisure activity within the capital city of the United Kingdom.

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The Danelaw (also known as the Danelagh; Old English: Dena lagu; Danelagen), as recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, is a historical name given to the part of England in which the laws of the Danes held sway and dominated those of the Anglo-Saxons.

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Danes (danskere) are the citizens of Denmark, most of whom speak Danish and consider themselves to be of Danish ethnicity.

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Sir Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis (born 29 April 1957) is an English actor.

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Daniel Defoe (c. 166024 April 1731), born Daniel Foe, was an English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer, and spy, most famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe.

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David Bowie (born David Robert Jones, 8 January 1947) is an English singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, arranger, painter, and actor.

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A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different product categories known as "departments".

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In the United Kingdom, devolution (fèin-riaghlaidh, datganoli) refers to the statutory granting of powers from the Parliament of the United Kingdom to the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, the Northern Ireland Assembly and the London Assembly and to their associated executive bodies the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government, the Northern Ireland Executive and the Greater London Authority.

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The Diana Princess of Wales Memorial Walk is a long circular walking trail in central London, England, dedicated to the memory of Diana, Princess of Wales.

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The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government.

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The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is an automated light metro system opened in 1987 to serve the redeveloped Docklands area of London.

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A double-decker bus is a bus that has two storeys or decks.

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Drum & Bass (also written as Drum 'n' Bass or Drum and Bass and commonly abbreviated to D&B, DnB or D'n'B) is a genre of electronic music also known as Jungle which emerged in England in the early 1990s.

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Dubstep is a genre of electronic dance music that originated in South London, England.

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Mary Isobel Catherine Bernadette O'Briennote 1 OBE (16 April 1939 – 2 March 1999), known professionally as Dusty Springfield, was an English pop singer and record producer whose career extended from the late 1950s to the 1990s.

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Ealing Studios is a television and film production company and facilities provider at Ealing Green in West London.

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Ealing, Hammersmith & West London College (also formally known as "Ealing Tertiary College") is a further and higher education college based across four campuses located in Acton, Ealing, Hammersmith and Southall districts of London, England.

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Earls Court Exhibition Centre is a closed exhibition, conference and events venue in London that originally opened in 1887 and was rebuilt in 1937 in its most recent art deco style exterior.

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The East End of London, also known simply as the East End, is an area of London, England, east of the Roman and medieval walled City of London and north of the River Thames.

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The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company and informally as John Company was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to pursue trade with the East Indies, but which ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and Qing China.

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The East London Mosque, situated in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets between Whitechapel and Aldgate, serves Great Britain's largest Muslim community.

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East London Tech City (also known as Tech City or Silicon Roundabout) is a technology cluster located in Central and East London.

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EastEnders is a British soap opera; the first episode was broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC One on 19 February 1985.

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The United Kingdom has the fifth-largest national economy (and second-largest in Europe) measured by nominal GDP and tenth-largest in the world (and third-largest in Europe) measured by purchasing power parity (PPP).

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Edgware is a district of north London, in the London Borough of Barnet.

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Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann) is the capital city of Scotland, located in Lothian on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth.

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Edward the Confessor (between 1003 and 1005 – 5 January 1066), was among the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England, and usually considered the last king of the House of Wessex, ruling from 1042 to 1066.

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The Eleanor crosses were a series of twelve lavishly decorated stone monuments topped with tall crosses of which three survive nearly intact in a line down part of the east of England.

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Sir Elton Hercules John CBE (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight, 25 March 1947) is an English composer and singer, who accompanies himself on the piano.

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Elvis Costello (born Declan Patrick MacManus, 25 August 1954) is an English musician, singer-songwriter and record producer.

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Embankment Pier is a pier on the River Thames in London, UK.

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Emergency medical services (abbreviated to the initialism EMS in some countries) are a type of emergency service dedicated to providing out-of-hospital acute medical care, transport to definitive care, and other medical transport to patients with illnesses and injuries which prevent the patient from transporting themselves.

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EMI Group Limited, also known as EMI Music or simply EMI, was a British multinational music recording and publishing company, and electronics device and systems manufacturing company, headquartered in London, England.

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Emirates (طَيَران الإمارات DMG: Ṭayarān Al-Imārāt) is an airline based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

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The Emirates Air Line is a cable car link across the River Thames in London, England built by Doppelmayr with sponsorship from the airline Emirates.

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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England and Wales, is a jurisdiction covering two of the four countries of the United Kingdom, which form the constitutional successor to the former Kingdom of England and follow a single legal system, known as English law.

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The England national football team represents England and the Crown Dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man for football matches as part of FIFA-authorised events, and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England.

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The England national rugby union team represents England in rugby union.

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The English Channel (Manche, "Sleeve"; Mor Breizh, "Bretons Sea"; Mor Bretannek, "British Sea"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France, and joins the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.

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An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside.

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English National Ballet is a classical ballet company founded by Dame Alicia Markova and Sir Anton Dolin and based at Markova House in South Kensington, London, England.

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English National Opera (ENO) is an opera company based in London, resident at the London Coliseum in St. Martin's Lane.

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The English Premiership, currently known as Aviva Premiership Rugby or more commonly the Aviva Premiership because of the league's sponsorship by Aviva, is a professional league competition for men's rugby union football clubs in the top division of the English rugby union system.

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The English Reformation was a series of events in 16th-century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church.

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English Renaissance theatre, also known as early modern English theatre, or (commonly) as Elizabethan theatre, refers to the theatre of England between 1562 and 1642.

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The Environment Agency (EA) is a non-departmental public body, established in 1996 and sponsored by the United Kingdom government's Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), with responsibilities relating to the protection and enhancement of the environment in England (and until 2013 also Wales).

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Epping Forest is an area of ancient woodland in south-east England, straddling the border between north-east London and Essex.

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Eric Patrick Clapton, (born 1945), is an English rock and blues guitarist, singer and songwriter.

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ESCP Europe is a business school with campuses in Berlin, London, Madrid, Paris, Turin, and Warsaw.

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ESPNcricinfo (formerly CricInfo) is a sports news website exclusively for the game of cricket.

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Essex is a county in England, immediately north-east of London.

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The name of London is derived from Londinium, established in the 1st century as a commercial centre in Roman Britain.

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European Business School London (EBS London) is a private business school in Regent's Park in central London.

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The European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion, briefly ESPON, is a programme under Objective 3 for European Territorial Cooperation of the European Regional Development Fund - Interreg.

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Eurostar is a high-speed railway service connecting London with Paris and Brussels.

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Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.

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Exeter is a historic city in Devon, England.

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The FA Cup Final, commonly referred to in England as just the Cup Final, is the last match in the Football Association Challenge Cup.

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The fallow deer (Dama dama) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae.

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A fashion capital is a city which has a major influence on international fashion trends and in which the design, production and retailing of fashion products – plus events such as fashion weeks, awards and trade fairs – generate significant economic output.

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fDi Magazine is an English-language bi-monthly news and foreign direct investment publication, providing an up-to-date review of global investment activity.

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The Festival of Britain was a national exhibition held throughout the United Kingdom in the summer of 1951.

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A financial centre is a location that is home to a cluster of nationally or internationally significant financial services providers such as banks, investment managers or stock exchanges.

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The financial crisis of 2007–08, also known as the Global Financial Crisis and 2008 financial crisis, is considered by many economists to have been the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.

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A financial export is a business service provided by a domestic firm (regardless of ownership) to a foreign firm or individual within the scope of financial services.

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The Financial Times (FT) is an English-language international daily newspaper with a special emphasis on business and economic news.

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Finchley is an area of north London, England, in the London Borough of Barnet.

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The fire services in the United Kingdom operate under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, and Scotland.

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David Cameron formed the First Cameron ministry after being invited by Queen Elizabeth II to begin a new government following the resignation of the previous Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Gordon Brown, on 11 May 2010.

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A fishmonger (fishwife for women practitioners - "wife" in this case used in its archaic meaning of "woman") is someone who sells raw fish and seafood.

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Flamingos (or flamingoes) are a type of wading bird in the family Phoenicopteridae. There are four flamingo species in the Americas and two species in Afro-Eurasia. Often, they are pink in colour.

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Fleet Street is a street in the City of London named after the River Fleet, London's largest underground river.

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Fleetwood Mac are a British-American rock band formed in July 1967, in London.

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In aviation, the flight length is defined as the time airborne during a flight.

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A floodplain or flood plain is an area of land adjacent to a stream or river that stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls and experiences flooding during periods of high discharge.

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A Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is a controlling ownership in a business enterprise in one country by an entity based in another country.

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Forest Hill is a suburb and ward of south east London, England, located in the London Borough of Lewisham.

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The Fortune 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 large U.S. corporations as ranked by their gross revenue, after adjustments made by Fortune to exclude the impact of excise taxes companies incur.

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Fountain Studios is an independently owned television studio located in Wembley, north-west London, close to Wembley Park underground station.

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Sir Frank Merry Stenton (17 May 1880 – 15 September 1967) was a 20th-century historian of Anglo-Saxon England, and president of the Royal Historical Society (1937-1945).

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Frogs are a diverse and largely carnivorous group of short-bodied, tailless amphibians composing the order Anura (Ancient Greek an-, without + oura, tail).

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The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "Footsie", is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalization.

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Gary Leonard OldmanBirths, Marriages & Deaths Index of England & Wales, 1916–2005. (born 21 March 1958) is an English actor, filmmaker, and musician.

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Gatwick Airport is north of the centre of Crawley, West Sussex, and south of Central London.

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Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages and was the first poet to be buried in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey.

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Geoffrey of Monmouth (Galfridus Monemutensis, Galfridus Arturus, Gruffudd ap Arthur, Sieffre o Fynwy) (c. 1100 – c. 1155) was a Welsh cleric and one of the major figures in the development of British historiography and the popularity of tales of King Arthur.

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George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death.

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Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou (born 25 June 1963), better known by his stage name George Michael, is an English singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and record producer.

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The Georgian era of British history is a period which takes its name from, and is normally defined as spanning the reigns of the first four Hanoverian kings of Great Britain who were all named George: George I, George II, George III and George IV.

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A GeoTLD (geographic TLD) is a generic top-level domain in the Domain Name System of the Internet using the name of or invoking an association with a geographical, geopolitical, ethnic, linguistic or cultural community.

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The best-known German strategic bombing campaign during World War I was the campaign against England, although strategic bombing raids were carried out or attempted on other fronts.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.

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Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and the third largest in the United Kingdom (after London and Birmingham).

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A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city generally considered to be an important node in the global economic system.

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The Global Financial Centres Index (GFCI) is a ranking of the competitiveness of financial centres based on over 29,000 financial centre assessments from an online questionnaire together with over 100 indices from organisations such as the World Bank, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the Economist Intelligence Unit.

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Golders Green is an area in the London Borough of Barnet in England.

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Goldsmiths, University of London, is a public research university specializing in the arts, design, humanities, and social sciences.

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Gorillaz are an English virtual band created in 1998 by Damon Albarn and Jamie Hewlett.

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Her Majesty's Government (HMG), commonly referred to as the British government, Welsh: Llywodraeth Ei Mawrhydi, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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The grass snake (Natrix natrix), sometimes called the ringed snake or 'water snake', is a Eurasian non-venomous snake.

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The Great Fire of London was a major conflagration that swept through the central parts of the English city of London, from Sunday, 2 September to Wednesday, 5 September 1666.

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The Great Plague, lasting from 1665 to 1666, was the last major epidemic of the bubonic plague to occur in England.

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The Great Smog of '52 or Big SmokeDavis DL, et al.; and Bates D. A Look Back at the London Smog of 1952 and the Half Century Since; A Half Century Later: Recollections of the London Fog (Dec 2002).

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London, or Greater London, is a region of England consisting of 33 districts: the 32 London boroughs and the City of London.

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The Greater London Authority (GLA) is a top-tier administrative body for Greater London, England.

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The Greater London Built-up Area or Greater London Urban Area is the conurbation or continuous urban area of London, United Kingdom, as defined by the Office for National Statistics.

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The Greater London Council (GLC) was the top-tier local government administrative body for Greater London from 1965 to 1986.

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Green Park is a park in the City of Westminster, central London.

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Greenwich is an early-established district of today's London, England, and the administrative centre of the Royal Borough of Greenwich centred 5.5 miles (8.9 km) east south-east of Charing Cross.

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Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London.

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Greenwich Park is a former hunting park in Greenwich and one of the largest single green spaces in south-east London.

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Greenwich Peninsula is an area of south east London, England, located in the Royal Borough of Greenwich.

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Grime is a genre of music that emerged in England in the early 2000s.

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The Guildhall School of Music and Drama is an independent music and dramatic arts school which was founded in 1880 in London, England.

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The Gunpowder Plot of 1605, in earlier centuries often called the Gunpowder Treason Plot or the Jesuit Treason, was a failed assassination attempt against King James I of England and VI of Scotland by a group of provincial English Catholics led by Robert Catesby.

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Guthrum or Guðrum (died c. 890), christened Æthelstan on his conversion to Christianity in 878, was King of the Danish Vikings in the Danelaw.

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A hackney or hackney carriage (also called a cab, black cab, hack or London taxi) is a carriage or automobile for hire.

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The Eventim Apollo (formerly and still commonly known as the Hammersmith Odeon) is an entertainment venue and a Grade II* listed building located in Hammersmith, London.

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Hampstead, commonly known as Hampstead Village, is an area of London, England, north-west of Charing Cross.

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Hampstead Heath (locally known as "the Heath") is a large, ancient London park, covering.

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Hampton Court Palace is a royal palace in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, Greater London, in the historic county of Middlesex, and within the postal town East Molesey, Surrey.

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Hampton Court Park – sometimes called the Home Park – is adjacent to Hampton Court Palace and Gardens in South London, United Kingdom, mostly lying within East Molesey, with a smaller area in Kingston upon Thames.

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Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc. is a chain of theme restaurants founded in 1971 by Americans Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton in London.

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Hares and jackrabbits are leporids belonging to the genus Lepus.

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The Harlequin Football Club (Harlequins or Quins for short) are an English rugby union team who play in the top level of English rugby, the English Premiership.

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Harrods is an upmarket department store located on Brompton Road in Knightsbridge, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, London.

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Harrow School, commonly referred to as "Harrow", is an English independent school for boys situated in the town of Harrow, in north-west London.

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Heathrow Airport is a major international airport in west London, England.

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A hedgehog is any of the spiny mammals of the subfamily Erinaceinae, in the order Erinaceomorpha.

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Dame Helen Lydia Mirren, DBE (née Mironoff; born 26 July 1945), is an English actor.

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Hemel Hempstead is a large new town in Hertfordshire in the East of England, northwest of London and part of the Greater London Urban Area.

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Hemel Stags RLC is a professional rugby league club based in Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England.

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Hendon is a London suburb in the Borough of Barnet, northwest of Charing Cross.

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Henry Benjamin Wheatley FSA (1838-1917) was a British author, editor, and indexer.

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Her Majesty's Coastguard (HMCG) is a section of the United Kingdom Maritime and Coastguard Agency responsible for the initiation and co-ordination of all civilian maritime search and rescue (SAR) within the UK Maritime Search and Rescue Region.

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Hertfordshire (abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.

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High Speed 1 (HS1), legally the Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL), is a high-speed railway between London and the United Kingdom end of the Channel Tunnel in Kent. The line carries international passenger traffic between the United Kingdom and Continental Europe; it also carries domestic passenger traffic to and from stations in Kent and east London and Berne gauge freight traffic. The line crosses the River Medway and runs under the River Thames before terminating at London St Pancras railway station. It cost £5.8 billion to build and opened on 14 November 2007. Trains reach speeds of up to on section 1 and up to on section 2. Intermediate stations are at in London and and in Kent. International passenger services are provided by Eurostar, with journey times of London St Pancras to Paris Gare du Nord in 2 hours 15 minutes, and St Pancras to in 1 hour 51 minutes, using a fleet of 27 Class 373/1 multi-system trains capable of. Domestic high-speed commuter services serving the intermediate stations and beyond began on 13 December 2009. The fleet of 29 Class 395 passenger trains reach speeds of. DB Schenker run freight services on High Speed 1 using adapted Class 92 locomotives, enabling flat wagons carrying continental-size swap body containers to reach London for the first time. The CTRL project included new bridges and tunnels and the line is nearly as long as the Channel Tunnel itself. HS1 was transferred to government ownership in 2009, with a 30-year concession for its operation being put up for sale in 2010. The concession was awarded to a consortium of Borealis Infrastructure (part of Ontario Municipal Employees Retirement System) and Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan.

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High Speed 2 (HS2) is a planned high-speed railway to link the cities of London and Birmingham, and then to extend to North West England and Yorkshire.The first phase of HS2 is set to begin in 2017 with an indicated opening date in 2026, while completion of the entire network is expected in 2033.

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Highgate School is a British day-only independent school in Highgate, London, England.

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Hindu has historically referred to geographical, religious or cultural identifier for people indigenous to the Indian subcontinent.

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A Hindu temple (Sanskrit: मन्दिर mandir, प्रासाद prāsāda) is a house of god(s).

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Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life, in South Asia, most notably in India and Nepal.

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Hinterland is a German word meaning "the land behind" (a city, a port, or similar).

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Hip hop or hip-hop is a Black sub-cultural movement that formed during the early 1970s exclusively by African Americans residing in the South Bronx in New York City.

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Historia Regum Britanniae—in English, The History of the Kings of Britain—is a pseudohistorical account of British history, written c. 1136 by Geoffrey of Monmouth.

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The historic counties of England were established for administration by the Normans, in most cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires established by the Anglo-Saxons and others.

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Historic Royal Palaces is an independent charity created in 1998 to manage some of the United Kingdom's unoccupied royal palaces.

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London, the capital city of England and the United Kingdom, has a history dating back over 2,000 years.

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The home counties are the counties of England that surround London.

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The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland which, like the House of Lords (the upper house), meets in the Palace of Westminster.

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Hult International Business School (formerly known as the Arthur D. Little School of Management) is a business school with 6 global locations.

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Hyde Park is one of the largest parks in London, and one of the Royal Parks of London, famous for its Speakers' Corner.

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Iain Sinclair FRSL (born 11 June 1943) is a British writer and filmmaker.

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The Iceni or Eceni were a Brythonic tribe or Kingdom in Britannia (or Britain) who inhabited an area corresponding roughly to the modern-day county of Norfolk from the 1st century BC to the 1st century AD.

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Ilford is a large cosmopolitan town in the north-east of London, England, and the administrative headquarters of the London Borough of Redbridge.

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Immigration is the movement of people into a destination country to which they are not native or do not possess its citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take-up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.

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Imperial College Business School is a business school located in London, United Kingdom and a constituent faculty of Imperial College London.

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Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust is an NHS trust based in London, United Kingdom.

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Imperial College London is a public research university, located in London, United Kingdom.

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Imperial College School of Medicine (ICSM) is the medical school of Imperial College London in England, and one of the United Hospitals.

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Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a British national museum organisation with branches at five locations in England, three of which are in London.

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India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Inner London is the name for the group of London boroughs which form the interior part of Greater London and are surrounded by Outer London.

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The International Olympic Committee (IOC; Comité international olympique, CIO) is an international, non-profit, non-governmental organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre, Baron de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president.

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Irish migration to Great Britain has occurred from the earliest recorded history to the present.

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Irish Travellers (an lucht siúil) also called pavees, tinkers or gypsies, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group who maintain a set of traditions.

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Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band formed in Leyton, east London, in 1975 by bassist and primary songwriter Steve Harris.

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Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence of religion, an indifference towards religion, a rejection of religion, or hostility towards religion.

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Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.

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Islington is a district in Greater London, England and part of the London Borough of Islington.

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Istanbul (İstanbul), once known as Constantinople, is the most populous city in Turkey, and the country's economic, cultural, and historical center.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.

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Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea, comprising the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles.

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James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death.

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Jamiroquai are a British funk and acid jazz band formed in 1992.

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The Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation), also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious and ethno-cultural group descended from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East and originating from the historical kingdoms of Israel and Judah.

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Dato' Jimmy Choo, OBE Jimmy Choo Yeang Keat, AllMalaysia.info, 27 August 2004 (born 15 November 1948) is a Malaysian fashion designer based in the United Kingdom.

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John Bright (16 November 1811 – 27 March 1889), Quaker, was a British Radical and Liberal statesman, one of the greatest orators of his generation and a promoter of free trade policies.

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John Charles Galliano CBE, RDI (born 1960) is a Gibraltar-born British fashion designer who was the head designer of French fashion companies Givenchy (July 1995 to October 1996), Christian Dior (October 1996 to March 2011), and his own label John Galliano (1988 to 2011).

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The Jubilee Walkway is an official walking route in London.

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Judaism (from Iudaismus, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew:, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) encompasses the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people.

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David Jude Heyworth Law (born 29 December 1972), known professionally as Jude Law, is an English actor, producer, and director.

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Catherine "Kate" Bush, CBE (born 30 July 1958) is an English singer-songwriter, musician, dancer and record producer known for her ambitious, eclectic music and idiosyncratic performances.

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Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Keira Christina Knightley (born 26 March 1985) is an English actress.

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Kennington is a district in London, England, south of the River Thames.

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Kensington is a district within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in west London.

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Kensington Gardens, once the private gardens of Kensington Palace, are one of the Royal Parks of London, lying immediately to the west of Hyde Park.

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Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.

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Kenwood House (also known as the Iveagh Bequest) is a former stately home, in Hampstead, London, on the northern boundary of Hampstead Heath.

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Kew Gardens is the world's largest collection of living plants.

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King's College London (informally King's or KCL; formerly styled King's College, London) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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Guy's, King's and St Thomas' School of Medical Education (abbreviated: GKT) is the medical school of King's College London and one of the United Hospitals.

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King's Health Partners is an academic health science centre located in London, United Kingdom.

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King's Road or Kings Road (or sometimes The King's Road, especially when it was the King's private road until 1830), is a major street stretching through Chelsea and Fulham, both in west London.

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King's Cross (also Kings Cross) is an inner city area of London, England, 2.5 miles (4.8 km) north of Charing Cross.

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Kingston University (informally Kingston or KUL; formerly styled Kingston University London) is a public research university located in Kingston upon Thames, southwest London, United Kingdom.

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Knightsbridge is an exclusive residential and retail district in central London, south of Hyde Park.

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The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.

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Lambeth is a London borough in south London, England, which forms part of Inner London.

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Lambeth Palace is the official London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury in England, in north Lambeth, on the south bank of the River Thames, 400 m south-east of the Palace of Westminster which has the Houses of Parliament on the opposite bank.

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A landfill site (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump or dumping ground and historically as a midden) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment.

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The Functional Urban Area (FUA) - formerly known as larger urban zone (LUZ) - is a measure of the population and expanse of metropolitan areas in Europe.

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The Lea Valley Walk is a long-distance path located between Leagrave, the source of the River Lea near Luton, and the Thames, at Limehouse Basin, Limehouse, east London.

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League 1, known as Kingstone Press League 1 due to sponsorship by the Kingstone Press Cider, is a rugby league competition based in the United Kingdom, and is organised by the Rugby Football League, the governing body for the sport in the UK.

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Led Zeppelin were an English rock band formed in London in 1968.

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Leeds is a city in West Yorkshire, England.

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Leicester Square is a pedestrianised square in the West End of London, England.

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Leyton Sixth Form College is a public college located in the London Borough of Waltham Forest.

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The Liberal Democrats (often referred to as the Lib Dems) are a liberal political party in the United Kingdom, with policies ranging from the centre-left to the centre-right.

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Lille (Rijsel) is a city in the North of France.

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List of major annual events in London, England, by month.

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London is the location of many famous churches, chapels and cathedrals, in a density unmatched anywhere else in England.

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This is a list of cities and/or their metropolitan areas in the world by GDP.

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This is a list of companies in London, England.

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The monarchy of the Kingdom of England began with Alfred the Great and ended with Queen Anne, who became Queen of Great Britain when England merged with Scotland to form a union in 1707.

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There have been a considerable number of small changes to the Greater London boundary since its creation in 1965.

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This is a list of the 100 largest cities in the European Union by population within city limits.

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The following is a table of the largest cities or urban areas by estimated population in history.

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Greater London is divided into fourteen territorial constituencies for London Assembly elections, each returning one member.

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One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core.

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This is a list of metropolitan areas in Europe, with their population according to three different sources.

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This is a list of museums in London, the capital city of England and the United Kingdom.

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This is a list of newspapers in the United Kingdom.

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The administrative area, region and ceremonial county of Greater London, including the City of London, is divided into 73 parliamentary constituencies which are all borough constituencies.

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This is a list of pubs in London.

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This is a list of restaurants in London, United Kingdom.

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This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.

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Greater London is divided into 5 sub regions for the purposes of the London Plan.

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This list of the tallest buildings and structures in London ranks skyscrapers and towers in London by their height.

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This list ranks the tallest buildings in the European Union that stand at least tall, based on standard height measurement.

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This is a list of telephone exchanges located within Greater London.

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This is a list of all the urban areas of the European Union which have greater than 500,000 inhabitants each, in 2014.

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There are 29 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom and overseas territories.

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Literacy is traditionally understood as the ability to read and write.

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Literary modernism, or modernist literature, has its origins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in Europe and North America.

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Lloyd's of London, generally known simply as Lloyd's, is an insurance market located in London's primary financial district, the City of London.

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Local nature reserve or LNR is a designation for nature reserves in Great Britain.

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Londinium was a settlement established on the current site of the City of London around 43.

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London is a constituency of the European Parliament.

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The London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art (LAMDA) is a British drama school situated in the west of London, United Kingdom.

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The London Ambulance Service (LAS) is a National Health Service trust that is responsible for answering and responding to medical emergencies in Greater London, with over 4,500 staff at its disposal.

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The London Assembly is an elected body, part of the Greater London Authority, that scrutinises the activities of the Mayor of London and has the power, with a two-thirds majority, to amend the Mayor's annual budget and to reject the Mayor's draft statutory strategies.

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London 2012 was the successful bid to host the 2012 Summer Olympics, held in London with most events taking place in Stratford in the borough of Newham.

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The London Borough of Brent is a London borough in north west London, and forms part of Outer London.

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The London Borough of Haringey is a London borough, north London, classified by some definitions as part of Inner London, and by others as part of Outer London.

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The London Borough of Harrow is a London borough of north-west London, England.

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The London Borough of Hillingdon is the westernmost borough in Greater London, England which had a population of 273,936 according to the 2011 Census.

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The London Borough of Newham is a London borough formed from the former Essex county boroughs of West Ham and East Ham, within east London.

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The London Borough of Tower Hamlets is a London borough to the east of the City of London and north of the River Thames.

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London boroughs are 32 of the 33 principal subdivisions of the administrative area of Greater London (the 33rd is the City of London) and are each governed by a London borough council.

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London Broncos are a professional rugby league football club based in Ealing, London, England who compete in the Kingstone Press Championship, the second tier of professional rugby league football.

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London Buses is the subsidiary of Transport for London (TfL) that manages bus services within Greater London.

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London Business School (LBS) is a graduate business school and a constituent college of the University of London, located in central London, England.

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The London Central Mosque (also known as the Islamic Cultural Centre, ICC or Regent's Park Mosque) is a mosque in London, England.

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London City Airport is an international airport in London.

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The London Coliseum (also known as the Coliseum Theatre) is a theatre in St. Martin's Lane, central London, built as one of London's largest and most luxurious "family" variety theatres.

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The London College of Contemporary Arts (LCCA) is a private arts college based in London, United Kingdom.

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The London commuter belt is the metropolitan area surrounding London, from which it is practical to commute to work in the capital.

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The London congestion charge is a fee charged on most motor vehicles operating within the Congestion Charge Zone (CCZ) in Central London between 07:00 and 18:00 Mondays to Fridays.

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London Contemporary Dance School (informally LCDS) is a contemporary dance school located in London, United Kingdom and a part of the Conservatoire for Dance and Drama.

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London County Council (LCC) was the principal local government body for the County of London throughout its existence from 1889 to 1965, and the first London-wide general municipal authority to be directly elected.

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The London Cycling Campaign (LCC) is an independent membership charity lobbying for better conditions for cycling in London.

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London Docklands is the name for an area in east and southeast London, England.

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The London Eye is a giant Ferris wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames in London.

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Rail service fares in Greater London and the surrounding area are calculated in accordance with the London fare zones system managed by Transport for London.

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The London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority (LFEPA) is a functional body of the Greater London Authority (GLA) and was established under the Greater London Authority Act 1999.

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The London Fire Brigade (LFB) is the statutory fire and rescue service for London.

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The London Inner Ring Road is a route formed from a number of major roads that encircle Central London.

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London Irish RFC is an English rugby union club based in Sunbury, Surrey, where the senior squad train, the youth teams and senior academy play home games, and the club maintain their administrative offices.

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The London Jewish Forum (LJF) is dedicated to the promotion of Jewish life in London.

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The London Marathon (also known as the Virgin Money London Marathon) is a long-distance running event held in London, United Kingdom, part of the World Marathon Majors.

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London Metropolitan University, commonly known as London Met, is a public research university in London, England.

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The London Outer Orbital Path — more usually the "London LOOP" — is a signed walk along public footpaths, and through parks, woods and fields around the edge of Outer London, England, described as "the M25 for walkers".

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The London Overground (LO) is a suburban rail network in the United Kingdom.

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Paddington, also known as London Paddington, is a central London railway terminus and London Underground station complex, located on Praed Street in Paddington.

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The London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB) was the organisation responsible for local public transport in London, UK, and its environs from 1933 to 1948.

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The London Plan is the statutory spatial development strategy for the Greater London area in the United Kingdom that is written by the Mayor of London and published by the Greater London Authority.

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The London postal district is the area in England of to which mail addressed to the LONDON post town is delivered.

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London Rail is a directorate of Transport for London (TfL), involved in the relationship with the National Rail network within Greater London, UK.

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The London Ringways were a series of four ring roads planned in the 1960s to circle London at various distances from the city centre.

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The London Riverside is a redevelopment area on the north side of the River Thames in East London, England and part of the larger Thames Gateway redevelopment zone.

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The London School of Business and Finance (informally LSBF) is a private business school based in London, United Kingdom.

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The London School of Economics and Political Science (commonly referred to as the London School of Economics or LSE) is a public research university located in London, England which specialises in social sciences, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (informally the LSHTM) is a public research university on Keppel Street, Bloomsbury, Camden, London, and specialised in public health and tropical medicine and a constituent college of the University of London.

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London Scottish Football Club are a rugby union club in England.

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London Skolars are a rugby league club based at the New River Stadium, Wood Green, Haringey in North London.

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London South Bank University (LSBU) is a public university located in Southwark, London, United Kingdom.

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London Southend Airport is an international airport in the district of Rochford within Essex, England, approximately from the centre of London.

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London Stansted Airport is an international airport located at Stansted Mountfitchet in the local government district of Uttlesford in Essex, northeast of Central London and from the Hertfordshire border.

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The London station group is a ring of 18 railway stations served by the National Rail network in central London.

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London stock brick is the type of handmade brick which was used for the majority of building work in London and South East England until the growth in the use of Flettons and other machine-made bricks in the early 20th century.

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The London Stock Exchange is a stock exchange located in the City of London in the United Kingdom.

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The London Symphony Chorus (abbreviated to LSC) is a large symphonic concert choir based in London, UK, consisting of over 150 amateur singers, and is one of the major symphony choruses of the United Kingdom.

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The London Symphony Orchestra (LSO), founded in 1904, is the oldest of London's symphony orchestras.

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London Transport (LT) was the public name and brand used by a series of public transport authorities in London, England, from 1933.

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The London Underground (also known as the Tube or simply the Underground) is a public rapid transit system serving a large part of Greater London and parts of the home counties of Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire and Essex.

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Waterloo East, also known as London Waterloo East, is a railway station in central London on the line from through London Bridge towards Kent, in the southeast of England.

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London Waterloo station is a central London railway terminus and London Underground station complex in the Waterloo area of the London Borough of Lambeth.

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London Welsh Rugby Football Club (Welsh: Clwb Rygbi Cymry Llundain) is a rugby union club formed in 1885.

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London Zoo is the world's oldest scientific zoo.

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London's Air Ambulance, also known as London HEMS (Helicopter Emergency Medical Service), is a British registered charity that operates an air medical service dedicated to responding to serious trauma emergencies in and around London.

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The London New Year's Day Parade is a parade through the streets of the West End of London, which takes place annually on 1 January.

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Long-distance trails (or long-distance tracks, paths, footpaths or greenways) are the longer recreational trails mainly through rural areas, used for non-motorized recreational travelling (walking, backpacking, cycling, horse riding or cross-country skiing).

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Longitude (or, British also), is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east-west position of a point on the Earth's surface.

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The Right Honourable the Lord Mayor of London is the formal title and style of the Mayor (and Leader) of the City of London Corporation.

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The Lord Mayor's Show is one of the best-known annual events in London as well as one of the longest-established, dating back to the 16th century.

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Lord's Cricket Ground, generally known as Lord's, is a cricket venue in St John's Wood, London.

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Love Actually is a 2003 British Christmas-themed romantic comedy film written and directed by Richard Curtis.

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The Low Countries (de Lage Landen., les Pays-Bas.) is a coastal region in western Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.

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A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as a ''no-frills'', ''discount'' or budget carrier or airline, or LCC) is an airline that generally has lower fares and fewer comforts.

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The Lower Lea Valley is the southern end of the Lea Valley which surrounds the River Lea.

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Lud (Lludd map Beli Mawr), according to Geoffrey of Monmouth's legendary History of the Kings of Britain and related medieval texts, was a king of Britain in pre-Roman times who founded London and was buried at Ludgate.

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The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the German Wehrmacht during World War II.

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London Luton Airport (previously called Luton International Airport) is an international airport located east of the town centre in the Borough of Luton in Bedfordshire, England and is north of Central London.

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The M1 is a north–south motorway in England connecting London to Leeds, where it joins the A1(M) near Aberford.

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The M25 or London Orbital Motorway is a motorway which almost encircles Greater London, England (with the exception of North Ockendon), in the United Kingdom.

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Madame Tussauds (the family themselves pronounce it) is a wax museum in London with branches in a number of major cities.

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Madness are an English ska band from Camden Town, London, that formed in 1976.

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Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 514,417 in 2013.

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Manuel "Manolo" Blahnik Rodríguez (born 27 November 1942, Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain), is a Spanish fashion designer and founder of the self-named, high-end shoe brand.

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Marble Arch is a 19th-century white marble faced triumphal arch and London landmark.

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A marsh is a wetland that is dominated by herbaceous rather than woody plant species.

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Mary Poppins is a 1964 American musical fantasy film directed by Robert Stevenson and produced by Walt Disney, with songs written and composed by the Sherman Brothers.

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Mayfair is an area of West London, by the east edge of Hyde Park, in the City of Westminster.

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The Mayor of London is an elected politician who, along with the London Assembly of 25 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Greater London.

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The Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime is a functional body of the Greater London Authority responsible for oversight of the Metropolitan Police.

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London is a major international communications centre with a virtually unrivalled number of media outlets.

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The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant.

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In rail transport, a "Medium-capacity system" (MCS), commonly called "light metro" in European countries is a non-universal term coined to differentiate an intermediate system between light rail and rapid transit/metro.

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Melanism is a development of the dark-colored pigment melanin in the skin or its appendages and is the opposite of albinism.

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Mercantilism was an economic theory and practice, dominant in Europe from the 16th to the 18th century, that promoted governmental regulation of a nation's economy for the purpose of augmenting state power at the expense of rival national powers.

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A metro station or subway station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, often known by names such as "metro", "underground" and "subway".

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The Metropolitan Board of Works (MBW) was the principal instrument of London-wide government from December 1855 until the establishment of the London County Council in March 1889.

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The term metropolitan borough was used from 1900 to 1965, for the subdivisions of the County of London and were created by the London Government Act 1899.

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The Metropolitan Green Belt is a statutory green belt around London, England.

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The Metropolitan Police Service (abbreviated to MPS and widely known informally as "the Met") is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement in Greater London, excluding the "square mile" of the City of London, which is the responsibility of the City of London Police.

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Sir Michael Caine, (born Maurice Joseph Micklewhite; 14 March 1933), is an English actor and author.

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In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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The Middle EastArabic: الشرق الأوسط,; Armenian: Միջին Արևելք, Merdzavor Arevelk’; Azerbaijani: Orta Şərq; French: Moyen-Orient; Georgian: ახლო აღმოსავლეთი, akhlo aghmosavleti; Greek: Μέση Ανατολή, Mési Anatolí; Hebrew: המזרח התיכון, Ha'Mizrah Ha'Tihon; Kurdish: Rojhilata Navîn; Persian: خاورمیانه, khāvar-miyāneh; Somali: Bariga Dhexe; Soranî Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, rrojhellatî nayn; Turkish: Orta Doğu; Urdu: مشرق وسطی, hashrq vsty (also called the Mid East) is a eurocentric description of a region centered on Western Asia and Egypt.

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Middlesex (abbreviation: Middx) was a county in southeast England, that is now mostly part of Greater London, with small sections in neighbouring counties.

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Middlesex County Cricket Club is one of the 18 major county clubs which make up the English and Welsh domestic cricket structure, representing the historic county of Middlesex.

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Middlesex University is a university in Hendon, north west London, England.

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Milan (or; Milano; Milanese: Milan), the second-most populous city in Italy, serves as the capital of Lombardy.

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The Millennium Bridge, officially known as the London Millennium Footbridge, is a steel suspension bridge for pedestrians crossing the River Thames in London, linking Bankside with the City of London.

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The Millennium Dome, colloquially referred to simply as The Dome, is the original name of a large dome-shaped building, originally used to house the Millennium Experience, a major exhibition celebrating the beginning of the third millennium.

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Mixed is an ethnicity category that has been used by the United Kingdom's Office for National Statistics since the 1991 Census.

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Molding, or moulding (Commonwealth), also known as coving (UK, Australia), is a strip of material with various profiles used to cover transitions between surfaces or for decoration.

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Moles are small mammals adapted to a subterranean lifestyle.

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A monarch is the sovereign head of state in a monarchy.

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The Monument to the Great Fire of London, more commonly known simply as the Monument, is a fluted Doric column in the City of London, near the northern end of London Bridge, which commemorates the Great Fire of London.

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Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes.

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Multicultural London English (abbreviated MLE) is a dialect (and/or sociolect) of English that emerged in the late 20th century.

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Mumford & Sons are a British rock band from London, formed in 2007.

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Muntjacs, also known as barking deer and Mastreani deer, are small deer of the genus Muntiacus.

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The Museum of London documents the history of London from prehistoric to modern times.

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A music festival is a festival oriented towards music that is sometimes presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality or locality of musicians, or holiday.

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A music school is an educational institution specialized in the study, training and research of music.

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A Muslim, sometimes spelled Moslem, relates to a person who follows the religion of Islam, a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion based on the Quran.

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My Fair Lady is a 1964 American musical film adaptation of the Lerner and Loewe eponymous stage musical based on the 1938 film adaptation of the original 1913 stage play Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw.

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Mynors Bright (1818–1883) was an English academic, president of Magdalene College, Cambridge, from 1853 to 1873.

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The Romani people are also known by a variety of other names; in English as Gypsies (seen by some as a slur, as discussed below) and Roma, in Greek as γύφτοι (gýftoi) or τσιγγάνοι (tsinganoi), in Central and Eastern Europe as Tsigani (and variants), in France as gitans besides the dated bohémiens, manouches, in Italy as zingari and gitani, and in Spain as gitanos.

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Naples (Napoli, Neapolitan: nNapule; Neapolis; Νεάπολις, meaning "new city") is the capital of the Italian region Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy, after Rome and Milan.

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The National Centre for Circus Arts (formerly the Circus Space), is a professional circus school in the Hoxton area of London that offers the UK's only university degree programme in circus.

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The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, in Central London.

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National Grid plc is a British multinational electricity and gas utility company headquartered in London, United Kingdom.

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The four publicly funded health care systems in the countries of the United Kingdom are referred to as the National Health Service (NHS).

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The National Maritime Museum (NMM) in Greenwich, London, is the leading maritime museum of the United Kingdom and may be the largest museum of its kind in the world.

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Nature reserves deemed to be of national importance, or controlled by a national-level body may be known as national nature reserves.

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The National Portrait Gallery (NPG) is an art gallery in London housing a collection of portraits of historically important and famous British people.

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The Natural History Museum in London is a museum exhibiting a vast range of specimens from various segments of natural history.

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A body of water, such as a river, canal or lake, is navigable if it is deep, wide and slow enough for a vessel to pass or walk.

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Nelson's Column is a monument in Trafalgar Square in central London built to commemorate Admiral Horatio Nelson, who died at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

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The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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The New World is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).

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New York – often called New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part – is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

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Newcastle upon Tyne (RP:; Locally), commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.

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Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.

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The Night Ferry was an international sleeper train between London Victoria and Paris Gare du Nord (and later also Brussels).

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Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner CBE FBA (30 January 1902 – 18 August 1983), was a German-born British scholar of history of art and, especially, of history of architecture.

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The North Circular Road (officially the A406 and sometimes known as simply the North Circular) is a bypass of Central London in England.

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North Greenwich Pier is a pier on the River Thames, London, UK.

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North London is the northern part of London, England.

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The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

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The northern crested newt, also known as the great crested newt or warty newt (Triturus cristatus) is a newt in the family Salamandridae, found across Europe and parts of Asia.

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Notting Hill is a 1999 British romantic comedy film set in Notting Hill, London, released on 21 May 1999.

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The Notting Hill Carnival is an annual event that since 1966, Notting Hill Carnival '13, London Notting Hill Enterprises Trust.

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Nuclear reprocessing technology was developed to chemically separate and recover fissionable plutonium from irradiated nuclear fuel.

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In the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) codes of the United Kingdom (UK), the three levels are.

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An oceanic climate (also known as marine, west coast and maritime) is the climate typical of the west coasts at the middle latitudes of most continents, and generally features warm (but not hot) summers and cool (but not cold) winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range.

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The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the executive office of the UK Statistics Authority, a non-ministerial department which reports directly to the UK Parliament.

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The Central Criminal Court of England and Wales, commonly known as the Old Bailey from the street on which it stands, is a court in London and one of a number of buildings housing the Crown Court.

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Old European (Alteuropäisch) is the term used by Hans Krahe (1964) for the language of the oldest reconstructed stratum of European hydronymy (river names) in Central and Western Europe.

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Oliver Twist (1948) is the second of David Lean's two film adaptations of Charles Dickens novels.

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The modern Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques) are the leading international sporting event featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.

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One Canada Square is a skyscraper in Canary Wharf, London.

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The term Other White is a classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom and has been used in documents such as the 2001 UK Census to describe people who self-identify as white persons who are neither British nor Irish.

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Outer London is the name for the group of London Boroughs that form a ring around Inner London.

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to England: England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Oxford Street is a major road in the City of Westminster in the West End of London.

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Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.

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The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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The palmate newt (Lissotriton helveticus) is a species of newt found in most of Western Europe, including Great Britain.

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Paris (UK:; US:; French) is the capital and most-populous city of France.

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Park Lane is a major road in the City of Westminster, in Central London.

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Parliament Hill is an area of open parkland in the south-east corner of Hampstead Heath in north-west London.

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The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the UK Parliament or the British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom, British Crown dependencies and British overseas territories.

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A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament); the executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.

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Pea soup, or a pea souper, also known as a black fog, killer fog or smog is a very thick and often yellowish, greenish, or blackish fog caused by air pollution that contains soot particulates and the poisonous gas sulfur dioxide.

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The Peasants' Revolt, also called Wat Tyler's Rebellion or the Great Rising, was a major uprising across large parts of England in 1381.

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Peter Ackroyd, CBE, FRSL (born 5 October 1949) is an English biographer, novelist and critic with a particular interest in the history and culture of London.

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Peter Pan is a 1953 American animated fantasy-adventure film produced by Walt Disney and based on the play Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up by J. M. Barrie.

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Philip David Charles "Phil" Collins, LVO (born 30 January 1951), is an English singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, music producer and actor.

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Piccadilly Circus is a road junction and public space of London's West End in the City of Westminster, built in 1819 to connect Regent Street with Piccadilly.

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Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London.

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Pinnipeds, (from Latin pinna fin and pes, pedis foot) commonly known as seals, are a widely distributed and diverse clade of carnivorous, fin-footed, semiaquatic marine mammals.

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The pipe organ (also known as church organ or chapel organ) is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through pipes selected via a keyboard.

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The term popular music belongs to any of a number of musical genres "having wide appeal" and typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.

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The Port of Felixstowe, in Felixstowe, Suffolk is the United Kingdom's busiest container port, dealing with 42% of Britain's containerised trade.

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The Port of London lies along the banks of the River Thames from London, England to the North Sea.

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The Port of London Authority (PLA) is a self-funding public trust established by The Port of London Act 1908 to govern the Port of London.

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The Port of Tilbury is located on the River Thames at Tilbury in Essex, England.

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Portland stone is a limestone from the Tithonian stage of the Jurassic period quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset.

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Post-glacial rebound (sometimes called continental rebound) is the rise of land masses that were depressed by the huge weight of ice sheets during the last glacial period, through a process known as isostatic depression.

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Post-production, or postproduction, is part of the process of filmmaking, video production and photography.

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Postal codes used in the United Kingdom are known as postcodes (originally postal codes).

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The Premier League is an English professional league for men's association football clubs.

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A premiere (or, French for "first") is the debut (first public presentation) of a play, film, dance, or musical composition.

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PricewaterhouseCoopers (trading as PwC) is a multinational professional services network.

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A prime meridian is a meridian (a line of longitude) in a geographical coordinate system at which longitude is defined to be 0°.

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The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the head of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom.

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Primrose Hill is a hill of Mills, A., Dictionary of London Place Names, (2001) located on the northern side of Regent's Park in London, and also the name given to the surrounding district.

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A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.

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Professional services are occupations in the tertiary sector of the economy requiring special training in the arts or sciences.

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The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA or PIRA) was an Irish republican paramilitary organisation that sought to remove Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom and bring about an independent republic encompassing all of Ireland.

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Psychogeography is an approach to geography that emphasizes playfulness and "drifting" around urban environments.

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Punk rock (or simply punk) is a rock music genre that developed between 1974 and 1976 in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.

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Putney is a district in south-west London, England in the London Borough of Wandsworth.

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QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) company.

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Queen are a British rock band formed in London in 1970.

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Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, in London, United Kingdom, is a sporting complex built for the 2012 Summer Olympics and the 2012 Summer Paralympics, situated to the east of the city adjacent to the Stratford City development.

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Queen Mary University of London (officially abbreviated to QMUL, informally known as QM) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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The Queen's Official Birthday, or King's Official Birthday in the reign of a male monarch, is the selected day on which the birthday of the monarch of the Commonwealth realms (currently Queen Elizabeth II) is officially celebrated in those countries.

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Queens Park Rangers Football Club (usually referred to as QPR) is a professional English football club in White City, London that play in The Championship, the 2nd tier of English football.

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Radioactive wastes are wastes that contain radioactive material.

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Rail freight transport is the use of railroads and trains to transport cargo as opposed to human passengers.

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Railway Gazette International is a monthly business journal covering the railway, metro, light rail and tram industries worldwide.

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Rambert Dance Company is a leading British dance company.

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Rapid transit, also known as metro, subway, underground, or colloquially as "the train", is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.

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Reading is a large town and unitary authority area in the ceremonial county of Berkshire, England.

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Received Pronunciation (RP) is regarded as the standard accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom, with a relationship to regional accents similar to the relationship in other European languages between their standard varieties and their regional forms.

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The red deer (Cervus elaphus) is one of the largest deer species.

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Regent's Park (officially The Regent's Park) is one of the Royal Parks of London.

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Regent's University London is a small private non-profit university located in London, United Kingdom, created in 1984, and granted taught-degree conferring status from 2012-2013.

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Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.

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In England, the region is the highest tier of sub-national division used by Her Majesty's Government.

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London has centres of worship for a multitude of faiths.

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The Republic of Ragusa, or Republic of Dubrovnik, was a maritime republic centered on the city of Dubrovnik (Ragusa in Italian and Latin) in Dalmatia (today in southernmost Croatia), that existed from 1358 to 1808.

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The RFU Championship, known for sponsorship reasons as the Greene King IPA Championship from 2013–14, is the second tier of the English rugby union league system and was founded in September 1987.

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Richard Coates (born 16 April 1949, in Grimsby, Lincolnshire, and educated at Wintringham School) is an English linguist.

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Richmond Football Club is a rugby union club from Richmond, London.

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Richmond Park in south-west London was created by Charles I in the 17th century as a deer park.

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Richmond, The American International University in London is a private, liberal arts and professional studies university established in 1972 in Richmond, London.

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The River Effra is a river in south London, England, mainly underground — due to its history and the introduction of a separate surface water drainage system its contours have been used for a sewer similar to the Walbrook.

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The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England.

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The River Wandle is a river in south-east England.

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Robert Hooke FRS (– 3 March 1703) was an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath.

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Roderick David "Rod" Stewart, (born 10 January 1945) is a British rock singer-songwriter.

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Roman Britain (Britannia or, later, Britanniae, "the Britains") is the name given to the areas of the island of Great Britain that were governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 409 or 410.

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The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.

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Romano-British culture is the culture that arose in Britain under the Roman Empire following the Roman conquest in AD 43 and the creation of the province of Britannia.

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Rome (Roma, Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy.

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Rosslyn Park Football Club is a rugby union club based in London.

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The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) is a drama school in London, England.

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The Royal Academy of Music is a conservatoire in London, England and a constituent college of the University of London.

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Royal Albert Hall is a concert hall on the northern edge of South Kensington, London, best known for holding the Proms concerts annually each summer since 1941.

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The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (often abbreviated to RBKC) is an inner London borough of Royal borough status, to the west of the centre.

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Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (brand name Kew) is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.

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The Royal College of Art or RCA is a public research university in London, in the United Kingdom.

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The Royal College of Music is a conservatoire established by royal charter in 1882, located in South Kensington, London, UK.

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The Royal Docks comprise three docks in east London – the Royal Albert Dock, the Royal Victoria Dock and the King George V Dock.

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The Royal Exchange in London was founded in the 16th century by the merchant Thomas Gresham to act as a centre of commerce for the City of London.

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Royal Holloway, University of London, formally incorporated as Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, is a public research university and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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The Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) is the largest charity that saves lives at sea around the coasts of the UK, Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man as well as on some inland waterways.

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The Royal Observatory, Greenwich, (known as the Royal Greenwich Observatory or RGO when the working institution moved from Greenwich to Herstmonceux after World War II) played a major role in the history of astronomy and navigation, and is best known as the location of the prime meridian.

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The Royal Opera House is an opera house and major performing arts venue in Covent Garden, central London.

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The Royal Parks of London are lands originally owned by the monarchy of the United Kingdom for the recreation (mostly hunting) of the royal family.

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The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra (RPO), based in London, was formed by Sir Thomas Beecham in 1946.

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The Royal Veterinary College (informally the RVC) is a veterinary school located in London and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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Rugby league football, usually called rugby league, or simply league, is a full contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.

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Rugby union, or simply rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.

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Sade are an English soul and R&B band formed in London in 1982.

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Sadler's Wells Theatre is a performing arts venue located in Rosebery Avenue, Clerkenwell in the London Borough of Islington.

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Samuel Johnson (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr Johnson, was an English writer who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer.

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Samuel Pepys PRS, MP, JP, (23 February 1633 – 26 May 1703) was an English naval administrator and Member of Parliament who is now most famous for the diary he kept for a decade while still a relatively young man.

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Santander Cycles is a public bicycle hire scheme in London, United Kingdom.

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Saracens are a professional rugby union team based in London, England – although they formerly played their home games at Vicarage Road, in Watford just outside of the capital.

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The Saxons (Saxones, Seaxe, Sahson, Sassen, Sachsen, Saksen) were a confederation of Germanic tribes on the North German Plain.

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Schiller International University is a private American university with its main campus and administrative headquarters in Largo, Florida.

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The Science Museum is a major museum on Exhibition Road in South Kensington, London.

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Scrooge is a 1951 film adaptation of Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol.

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Henry Olusegun Adeola Samuel.

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Selfridges, also known as Selfridge & Co., is a chain of high end department stores in the United Kingdom.

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Sellafield is a nuclear fuel reprocessing and decommissioning site, close to the village of Seascale on the coast of the Irish Sea in Cumbria, England.

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Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or simply Sephardim (סְפָרַדִּי, Modern Hebrew: Sfaraddi, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddî, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), are a Jewish ethnic division whose ethnogenesis and emergence as a distinct community of Jews coalesced in the Iberian Peninsula around the start of the 2nd millennium (i.e., about the year 1000).

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The Sex Pistols were an English punk rock band formed in London in 1975.

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SGN (previously known as Scotia Gas Networks) is a UK gas distribution company which manages the network that distributes natural and green gas to 5.8 million homes and businesses across Scotland and the south of England.

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Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England.

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Shelter is a registered charity that campaigns to end homelessness and bad housing in England and Scotland.

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The O2 Shepherd's Bush Empire (formerly BBC Television Theatre) is a music venue in Shepherd's Bush, London, England, run by the Academy Music Group.

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Sherlock Holmes is a fictional character created by British author and physician Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

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A shrew or shrew mouse (family Soricidae) is a small mole-like mammal classified in the order Soricomorpha.

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A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a follower of Sikhism, a monotheistic dharma which originated during the 15th century in the Punjab region of South Asia.

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Sikhism, or Sikhi (from Sikh, meaning a disciple, or a learner), is a monotheistic religion founded in South Asia in the 15th century.

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Siouxsie and the Banshees were an English rock band formed in London in 1976 by vocalist Siouxsie Sioux and bass guitarist Steven Severin.

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A Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) (Area of Special Scientific Interest or ASSI in Northern Ireland) is a conservation designation denoting a protected area in the United Kingdom.

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Small Faces were an English rock band from East London.

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The smooth newt, also known as the common newt (Lissotriton vulgaris; formerly Triturus vulgaris) is a species of amphibian, the most common newt of the genus Lissotriton.

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SOAS, University of London (the School of Oriental and African Studies) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the University of London.

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A sobriquet is a nickname, sometimes assumed, but often given by another.

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Social work is a professional and academic discipline that will to improve the quality of life and enhance wellbeing of individuals, families, couples, groups, and communities through research, policy planning, community development, direct practice, crisis intervention, ensuring social welfare and security for those affected by social disadvantages such as poverty, psychosocial care to mentally and physically disabled, and raising voices against social injustice for social reforms, including social actions against violations of civil liberties and human rights.

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Soho is an area of the City of Westminster and is part of London's West End.

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Somers Town is a district in central London.

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The South Bank is an entertainment and commercial district of Central London, England, next to the River Thames opposite the City of Westminster.

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The South Circular Road (formally the A205) is a road in south London, running from the Woolwich Ferry in the east to the Chiswick Flyover in the west.

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South East England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.

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The South East London Green Chain, also known as the Green Chain Walk is a linked system of open spaces between the River Thames and Crystal Palace Park in London, England.

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South Kensington is in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London.

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South London is the southern part of London, England.

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Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire on the south coast of England, and is situated south-west of London and north-west of Portsmouth.

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London & South Eastern Railway Limited, trading as Southeastern, is a British train operating company in South East England.

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Southwark is a district of Central London and part of the London Borough of Southwark.

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Southwark Cathedral or The Cathedral and Collegiate Church of St Saviour and St Mary Overie, Southwark, London, lies on the south bank of the River Thames close to London Bridge.

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The illusions or tricks of the eye used in the film, television, theatre, video game, and simulator industries to simulate the imagined events in a story or virtual world are traditionally called special effects (often abbreviated as SFX, SPFX, or simply FX).

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The Spice Girls are an English pop girl group formed in 1994.

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London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom.

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St George's, University of London (legal name St George's Hospital Medical School, informally St George's or SGUL) is a Medical School located in Tooting in South London and is a constituent college of the University of London.

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St John's Wood is a district of north-west London, in the City of Westminster, and on the north-west side of Regent's Park.

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The church of St Margaret, Westminster Abbey, is situated in the grounds of Westminster Abbey on Parliament Square, and is the Anglican parish church of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom in London.

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St Martin-in-the-Fields is an English Anglican church at the north-east corner of Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, London.

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St Pancras railway station, also known as London St Pancras and since 2007 as St Pancras International,, released in response to a Freedom of Information Act request at Whatdotheyknow.com retrieved 2 December 2008.

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St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church church of the Diocese of London.

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St Paul's School is a boys' independent school, founded in 1509 by John Colet and located on a 43 acre (180,000m2) site by the River Thames, in Barnes, London.

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St.

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Stamford Hill is a district in north London consisting of four wards in the London Borough of Hackney (Cazenove, Woodberry Downs, Stamford Hill West and Springfield), and one ward in Haringey (Seven Sisters).

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Stanmore is a suburban residential district of northwest London in the London Borough of Harrow.

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Stanmore and Canons Park Synagogue has the largest community of any single Orthodox synagogue in the whole of Europe as of 2012.

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A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a state, city or country.

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Urban planning is not just concerned with the making of plans but also with the management of development to ensure that it accords with the objectives of the plan and is developed to the benefit of the general public.

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Stella Nina McCartney, (born 13 September 1971) is an English fashion designer.

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The Strait of Gibraltar (مضيق جبل طارق, Estrecho de Gibraltar) is a narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Gibraltar and Peninsular Spain in Europe from Morocco and Ceuta (Spain) in Africa.

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A street party can mean any type of social event taking place on a road.

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Stucco or render is a material made of an aggregate, a binder, and water.

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The subterranean or underground rivers of London are the tributaries of the River Thames and River Lea that were built over during the growth of the metropolis of London.

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The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad (French: Jeux olympiques d'été), first held in 1896, are an international multi-sport event, occurring every four years, organized by the International Olympic Committee.

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Surrey is a county in the south east of England, one of the home counties bordering Greater London.

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Surrey County Cricket Club is one of the 18 professional county clubs which make up the English and Welsh domestic cricket structure, representing the historic county of Surrey.

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Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street is a 1979 musical thriller with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and book by Hugh Wheeler.

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Swinging London is a catch-all term applied to the fashion and cultural scene that flourished in London in the 1960s.

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Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.

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Tate Britain (known from 1897 to 1932 as the National Gallery of British Art and from 1932 to 2000 as the Tate Gallery) is an art gallery situated on Millbank in London.

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Tate Modern is a modern art gallery located in London.

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Teddington Lock is a complex of three locks and a weir on the River Thames in England at Ham in south west London.

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A telephone numbering plan is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints.

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Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket.

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The Thames Barrier is located downstream of central London.

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Thames Clippers is a river bus service on the River Thames in London.

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The Thames Embankment is a work of 19th century civil engineering which reclaimed marshy land next to the River Thames in central London.

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The Thames Gateway is an area of land stretching east from inner east London on both sides of the River Thames and the Thames Estuary.

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The Thames Path is a National Trail, first proposed in 1948 opened in 1996, following the length of the River Thames from its source near Kemble in Gloucestershire to the Thames Barrier at Charlton.

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The Thames Valley region is a loose term for the English counties or parts of those counties roughly following the course of the River Thames as it flows from Oxfordshire in the west to London in the east.

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Thameslink is a 68-station main-line route in the British railway system running north to south through London from Bedford to Brighton, serving both London Gatwick Airport and London Luton Airport, with a suburban loop serving Sutton, Mitcham and and a suburban line via and to.

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The Alchemist is a comedy by English playwright Ben Jonson.

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The Beatles were an English rock band, formed in Liverpool in 1960.

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The Blitz (shortened from German Blitzkrieg, "lightning war") was the period of sustained strategic bombing of the United Kingdom by Nazi Germany during the Second World War.

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The Boat Race is a set of annual rowing races between the Oxford University Boat Club and the Cambridge University Boat Club, rowed between eights on the River Thames in London, England.

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The Canterbury Tales (Middle English: Tales of Caunterbury) is a collection of 24 stories that runs to over 17,000 lines written in Middle English by Geoffrey Chaucer.

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The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known as "Wimbledon", is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is widely considered the most prestigious.

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The Clash were an English punk rock band that formed in 1976 as part of the original wave of British punk.

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The Cure are an English rock band formed in Crawley, West Sussex, in 1976.

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The Economist is an English-language weekly newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited in offices in London.

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The Football League is a league competition featuring professional association football clubs from England and Wales.

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The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper.

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The Hive Stadium is a 5,176 (official) capacity stadium in Canons Park, in the London Borough of Harrow on the former site of the Prince Edward Playing Fields, the new home for Football League Two football club Barnet and Championship rugby league club London Broncos.

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The Independent is a British national morning newspaper published in London by Independent Print Limited, owned by Alexander Lebedev since 2010.

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The Jam were an English punk rock/mod revival band active during the late 1970s and early 1980s.

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The King's Speech is a 2010 British historical drama film directed by Tom Hooper and written by David Seidler.

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The Kinks were an English rock band formed in Muswell Hill, North London, by brothers Dave Davies and Ray Davies with Pete Quaife in 1963.

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The London Studios or The South Bank Studios (also known as The London Television Centre and Kent House) in Waterloo, Central London is a television studio complex formerly owned by London Weekend Television.

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The Londoner was a newsletter in the style of a newspaper published by the Mayor of London and delivered free to most households in Greater London, United Kingdom.

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The Long Good Friday is a British gangster film starring Bob Hoskins and Helen Mirren.

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The Mammal Society is a British natural history conservation charity (Charity number 278918), which acts as a professional networking, social and conservation organisation, that brings people together for the research and conservation of mammals of the British Isles.

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The O2, visually typeset in branding as The O2, is a large entertainment district on the Greenwich peninsula in South East London, England, including an indoor arena, a music club, a Cineworld cinema, an exhibition space, piazzas, bars and restaurants.

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The O2 arena, referred to as North Greenwich Arena in the context of the 2012 Summer Olympics and 2012 Summer Paralympics, is a multi-purpose indoor arena located in the centre of The O2, a large entertainment complex on the Greenwich Peninsula in London.

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The Oval, currently known for sponsorship reasons as the Kia Oval, is an international cricket ground at Kennington, in the London Borough of Lambeth, South London.

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The Police were an English rock band formed in London in 1977.

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The Prodigy is an English electronic dance music group from Braintree, Essex, formed by Liam Howlett in 1990.

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The Proms, more formally known as The BBC Proms, or The Henry Wood Promenade Concerts presented by the BBC, is an eight-week summer season of daily orchestral classical music concerts and other events held annually, predominantly in the Royal Albert Hall in central London, England.

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The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London in 1962.

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The Royal Ballet is an internationally renowned classical ballet company, based at the Royal Opera House in Covent Garden, London, UK.

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The Royal Opera is a company based in central London, resident at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.

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The Royal Parks is an organisation within the UK Government that manages the eight Royal Parks and certain other areas of garden and parkland in London.

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The Shard, also referred to as the Shard of Glass, Shard London Bridge and formerly London Bridge Tower, is an 87-storey skyscraper in Southwark, London, that forms part of the London Bridge Quarter development.

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The Tabard was a historic inn that stood on the east side of Borough High Street in Southwark.

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The Troubles (Na Trioblóidí) is the common name for the ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland that spilled over at various times into parts of the Republic of Ireland, England and mainland Europe.

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The Who are an English rock band that formed in 1964.

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Theydon Bois is a large residential village and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of the county of Essex, England.

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Thomas Wolsey (c. March 1473 – 29 November 1530; sometimes spelled Woolsey) was an English political figure and a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

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Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of gravitational forces exerted by the Moon, Sun, and rotation of the Earth.

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The Tideway is a name given to the part of the River Thames in England that is subject to tides.

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A toad is any of a number of species of amphibians in the order Anura (frogs) that are characterized by dry, leathery skin, short legs, and parotoid glands.

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Edward Thomas "Tom" Hardy (born 15 September 1977) is an English actor, screenwriter, and producer.

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The tonne (British and SI; or metric ton (in the United States) is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to.

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Tottenham Hotspur Football Club, commonly referred to as Spurs, are an English football club located in Tottenham, London, that competes in the Premier League.

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Toulouse (locally:; Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital city of the southwestern French department of Haute-Garonne, as well as of the Midi-Pyrénées region.

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London is one of the world's leading tourism destinations, and the city is home to an array of famous tourist attractions.

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A tourist attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit, typically for its inherent or exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, offering leisure, adventure and amusement.

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Tower 42 is the third-tallest skyscraper in the City of London and the eighth tallest in Greater London.

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Tower Bridge (built 1886–1894) is a combined bascule and suspension bridge in London.

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Tower Hamlets College (THC) is a large further education college in London Borough of Tower Hamlets, England.

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Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, known as the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.

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Trafalgar Square is a public space and tourist attraction in central London, built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross.

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Traffic congestion is a condition on road networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.

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A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.

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Tramlink is a light rail/tram system serving Croydon and surrounding areas in South London, England.

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Transport for London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for most aspects of the transport system in Greater London in England, formerly named "London Transport" (LT).

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This article lists the tributaries of the River Thames from the sea to the source, in England.

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Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance is a music and dance conservatoire based in London, England.

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Trooping the Colour is a ceremony performed by regiments of the British and Commonwealth armies.

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The Tudor architectural style is the final development of Medieval architecture in England, during the Tudor period (1485–1603) and even beyond.

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The Tudor period is the period between 1485 and 1603 in England and Wales. It coincides with the rule of the Tudor dynasty in England whose first monarch was Henry VII (14571509).

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Twickenham Stadium (usually known as just Twickenham or Twickers) is a stadium located in Twickenham, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, south west London.

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The UCL Institute of Education (IoE) is the education school of University College London (UCL).

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UCL Medical School is the medical school of University College London (UCL) and is located in London, United Kingdom.

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UCLPartners is an academic health science partnership located in London, England with over 40 higher education and NHS members.

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The UEFA Champions League, known simply as the Champions League, is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and contested by top-division European clubs.

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UK garage (also known as UKG) is a genre of electronic music originating from England in the early 1990s.

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UK Power Networks is a distribution network operator for electricity covering South East England, the East of England and London.

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Ultra high-net-worth individuals (UHNWI) are defined as having a net worth of at least US$30 million in constant 2012 dollars (after accounting for shares in public and private companies, residential and passion investments such as art, planes and real estate).

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).

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United Hospitals is the historical collective name of the medical schools of London.

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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.

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University admission or college admission is the process through which students enter tertiary education at universities and colleges.

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University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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University College School, generally known as UCS, is an independent school charity situated in Hampstead, north west London, England.

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The University of Avignon (long name: University of Avignon and the Vaucluse, French: Université d'Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse) is a French university, based in Avignon (President: Emmanuel Ethis).

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The University of CambridgeThe corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.

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The University of East London (UEL) is a public university in the London Borough of Newham, London, England, based at three campuses in Stratford and Docklands, following the opening of University Square Stratford in September 2013.

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The University of London (informally referred to as London University) is a collegiate research university located in London, England, consisting of 18 constituent colleges, 10 research institutes and a number of central bodies.

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University of the Arts London is a public research university in London, England.

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The University of West London is a public university in the United Kingdom which has campuses in Ealing and Brentford in London, as well as in Reading and Slough in Berkshire.

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The University of Westminster is a public research university in London, United Kingdom.

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An urban heat island (UHI) is a city or metropolitan area that is significantly warmer than its surrounding rural areas due to human activities.

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UTC±00:00 is the following time.

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V for Vendetta is a 2006 American political thriller film directed by James McTeigue and written by the Wachowski Brothers, based on the 1988 Vertigo graphic novel of the same name by Alan Moore and David Lloyd.

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Vauxhall Bridge is a Grade II* listed steel and granite deck arch bridge in central London.

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The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A), London, is the world's largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 4.5 million objects.

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Victoria Park (known colloquially as Vicky Park or the People's Park) is 86.18 hectares of open space, Tower Hamlets Council that opened in 1845.

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Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century.

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The Victorian era of British history (and that of the British Empire) was the period of Queen Victoria's reign from 20 June 1837 until her death, on 22 January 1901.

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Vikings (Norwegian and Vikinger; Swedish and Vikingar; Víkingar), from Old Norse víkingr, were Germanic Norse seafarers, speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Scandinavian homelands across wide areas of northern and central Europe, as well as European Russia, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.

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Vipera berus, the common European adderMallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. (2003).

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Adeline Virginia Woolf (née Stephen; 25 January 1882 – 28 March 1941) was an English writer and one of the foremost modernists of the twentieth century.

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Dame Vivienne Westwood, DBE, RDI (born Vivienne Isabel Swire on 8 April 1941) is an English fashion designer and businesswoman, largely responsible for bringing modern punk and new wave fashions into the mainstream.

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The viviparous lizard or common lizard, Zootoca vivipara (formerly Lacerta vivipara), is a Eurasian lizard.

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A vole is a small rodent resembling a mouse but with a stouter body, a shorter, hairy tail, a slightly more round head, smaller ears and eyes, and differently formed molars (high-crowned and with angular cusps instead of low-crowned and with rounded cusps).

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Walking is a popular recreational activity in London, despite traffic congestion.

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The Wandle Trail is a walking and cycling trail that follows the River Wandle from Croydon to Wandsworth in south-west London.

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Wapping is a district in East London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.

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A warlord is a person who has both military and civil control over a subnational area due to the presence of armed forces who are loyal to the warlord rather than to a central authority.

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Warner Music Group (WMG), also known as Warner Music, is an American major global record company headquartered in New York City.

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Wasps is an English professional rugby union team.

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Greater London has a number of waste disposal authorities, responsible for waste collection and disposal.

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Water supply and sanitation in London is provided by a number of private companies.

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A weasel is a mammal belonging to the genus Mustela of the Mustelidae family.

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Wellington Arch, also known as Constitution Arch or (originally) the Green Park Arch, is a triumphal arch located to the south of Hyde Park in central London and at the western corner of Green Park (although it is now isolated on a traffic island).

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Wembley is an area of northwest London, England, and part of the London Borough of Brent.

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Wembley Arena (originally the Empire Pool and known through sponsorship as The SSE Arena, Wembley) is an indoor arena in Wembley, London, England.

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Wembley Stadium is a football stadium in Wembley, London, England, which opened in 2007, on the site of the original Wembley Stadium, which was demolished from 2002–2003.

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Wembley Stadium (officially known as the Empire Stadium) was a football stadium in Wembley, London, England, that stood on the site now occupied by the New Wembley Stadium, opened in 2007.

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The West End of London (more commonly referred to as simply the West End) is an area of Central London containing many of the city's major tourist attractions, shops, businesses, government buildings and entertainment venues (including the commercial:West End theatres).

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West End theatre is a common term for mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres of "Theatreland" in and near the West End of London.

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West Ham United Football Club is an English professional football club based in Upton Park, East London, England, currently playing in the Premier League, England's top tier of football.

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West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove) to the east, Hampshire to the west and Surrey to the north, and to the south the English Channel.

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Westcombe Park RFC is a rugby football club based in Orpington in south-east London.

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Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, located just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.

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Westminster Cathedral in London is the mother church of the Catholic Church in England and Wales.

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The Royal College of St Peter in Westminster, better known as Westminster School, is an independent school within in the precincts of Westminster Abbey in England.

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A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.

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White British is an ethnicity classification used in the 2011 United Kingdom Census.

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White people is a racial classification specifier, depending on context used for people of Caucasian ancestry.

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The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer native to the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, and South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia.

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Whitechapel is a district in the East End of London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.

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Whitehall is a road in the City of Westminster, in central London, which forms the first part of the A3212 road from Trafalgar Square to Chelsea.

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William II (Old Norman: Williame II; – 2 August 1100), the third son of William I of England, was King of England from 1087 until 1100, with powers over Normandy, and influence in Scotland.

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William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised) – 23 April 1616) was an English:poet,:playwright, actor and an Italophile, who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

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William I (Old Norman: Williame I; c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.

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Wimbledon Common is a large open space in Wimbledon, south-west London, totalling 460 hectares (1,140 acres).

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Wimbledon is a suburban district of southwest London, England, in the London Borough of Merton, south of Wandsworth, northeast of New Malden, northwest of Mitcham, west of Streatham and north of Sutton.

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Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire.

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The Wireless Festival is a music festival in England that takes place every year in London, and took place at Harewood House, Leeds in 2006 and 2007.

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Wood Green is a district of north London, England, in the London Borough of Haringey.

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The wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) is a common murid rodent from Europe and northwestern Africa.

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Woolen (American English) or woollen (Commonwealth English) is a type of yarn made from carded wool.

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Woolwich is an area of south east London within the Royal Borough of Greenwich.

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The Woolwich Ferry is a free vehicle ferry service across the River Thames in East London, connecting Woolwich to the south with North Woolwich to the north.

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Working Title Films is a British film production company, based in London and owned by Universal Studios.

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A World Heritage Site is a place (such as a building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, or mountain) that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as being of special cultural or physical significance.

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The definition of world's busiest airport has been specified by the Airports Council International in Geneva, Switzerland.

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The world's busiest city airport systems by passenger traffic are measured by total number of passengers from all airports within a city or metropolitan area combined.

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Determining the world's largest cities depends on which definitions of "city" and "size" are used, and how those definitions are applied.

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The yellow-necked mouse (Apodemus flavicollis), also called yellow-necked field mouse, yellow-necked wood mouse, and South China field mouse, is closely related to the wood mouse, with which it was long confused.

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Youth culture is the way adolescents live, and the norms, values, and practices they share.

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Z/Yen is a commercial think-tank, consultancy and venture firm headquartered in the City of London.

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.london is a top-level domain (TLD) for London, England.

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10 Downing Street, colloquially known in the United Kingdom as "Number 10", is the headquarters of the executive branch of the British Government and the official residence and office of the First Lord of the Treasury, a post which, for much of the 18th and 19th centuries and ever since 1905, is also held by the Prime Minister.

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101 Dalmatians is a 1996 American live-action family comedy film written and produced by John Hughes and directed by Stephen Herek.

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The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the IV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in 1908 in London, England, United Kingdom.

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The 1934 British Empire Games were the second of what is now known as the Commonwealth Games, held in England from 4–11 August 1934.

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The 1948 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in London, England, United Kingdom.

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The 1966 FIFA World Cup Final was the final match in the 1966 FIFA World Cup, the eighth football World Cup and one of the most controversial finals ever.

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The 1981 Brixton riot, or Brixton uprising, was a confrontation between the Metropolitan Police and protesters in Lambeth, South London, England, between 10 and 11 April 1981.

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The 2003 European heat wave led to the hottest summer on record in Europe since at least 1540.

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The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was a major international multi-sport event celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games, as governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

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The 2012 Summer Paralympics, the fourteenth Summer Paralympic Games, and also more generally known as the London 2012 Paralympic Games, were a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), that took place in London, England from 29 August to 9 September 2012.

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The 16th World Championships in Athletics are scheduled to be held in 2017 in London, United Kingdom.

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30 St Mary Axe (widely known informally as The Gherkin and previously as the Swiss Re Building) is a commercial skyscraper in London's primary financial district, the City of London.

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Redirects here:

Capital of England, Capital of the UK, Capital of the United Kingdom, Climate in London, Climate of London, Climate of london, England London, GBLON, LONDON, Llundain, Lodnon, London (Britain), London (England), London (Great Britain), London (UK), London (United Kingdom), London Britain, London England, London UK, London area, London england, London weather, London's, London, Britain, London, England, London, England, UK, London, England, United Kingdom, London, Great Britain, London, Greater London, London, U.K., London, UK, London, United Kingdom, London, england, London,England, London-on-Thames, Londonise, Londonize, Londonshire, Londontown, Londra, Londyn, Lundein, Lundunir, Lundúnir, Southwest London, The Metropolis, The metropolis, UN/LOCODE:GBLON, United Kingdom/London, Weather in London, Wongdon.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London

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