965 relations: A Journal of the Plague Year, A1 road (Great Britain), Abbey Road Studios, ABC-CLIO, Academic health science centre, Academy of Live and Recorded Arts, Adam Ant, Addington Hills, Adele, Admiraal de Ruijter (train), AFC Wimbledon, Ahmadiyya, Airports of London, Albert Memorial, Albertopolis, Alfred Hitchcock, Alfred the Great, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, AllMusic, Alps, Amphibian, Amsterdam, Amy Winehouse, Ancient Rome, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Angel, London, Anglican Communion, Anglicanism, Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Anglo-Saxon London, Anglo-Saxons, Anguis fragilis, Antwerp, Applied arts, Archbishop of Canterbury, Architecture, Arsenal F.C., Arthur Conan Doyle, Association football, Badger, Baitul Futuh Mosque, Balance of payments, Bananarama, Bank holiday, Bank of England, Bankside Power Station, BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir London, Barbican Centre, Barbican Estate, Barnet F.C., ..., Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Bat, Battersea Park, Battersea Power Station, Battle of Brentford (1642), Battle of Hastings, Battle of Turnham Green, BBC, BBC News, BBC Radio 1Xtra, Bedford, Bedfordshire, Ben Jonson, Benedict Cumberbatch, Bevis Marks Synagogue, Big Ben, Billingsgate Fish Market, Birkbeck, University of London, Birmingham, Black British, Black Death, Blackheath F.C., Bloc Party, Block party, Bloomsbury, Blowup, Blur (band), Boat train, Bordeaux, Boudica, Bow Street Runners, Bremen, Brentford F.C., Brick Lane, Brighton, Britannia, British Academy Film Awards, British African-Caribbean people, British Airways, British Arabs, British Armed Forces, British Army, British Asian, British Bangladeshi, British Chinese, British History Online, British Indian, British Jews, British Library, British Museum, British Pakistanis, British Summer Time, British Summer Time (concerts), British Transport Police, Broadgate Tower, Bronze Age, Brownfield land, Brunel University London, Brussels, Bubonic plague, Buckingham Palace, Buddhism, Bush (British band), Bushy Park, Business jet, Cadogan Hall, Cambridge, Canary Wharf, Canterbury, Capital city, Capital Ring, Cardiff, Caribbean, Carnaby Street, Cass Business School, Cat Stevens, Catholic Church, Cavalier, Celtic Britons, Central business district, Central Intelligence Agency, Central London, Central School of Ballet, Ceremonial counties of England, Challenge Cup, Channel Tunnel, Charing Cross, Charles Dickens, Charlie Chaplin, Charlton Athletic F.C., Chelsea F.C., Chelsea, London, Chester, Chinatown, London, Chinese cuisine, Cholera, Christopher Nolan, Christopher Wren, Church of England, City and Islington College, City and South London Railway, City Hall, London, City of London, City of London Corporation, City of London Police, City of London School, City of Westminster, City status in the United Kingdom, City, University of London, Clean Air Act 1956, Cliff Richard, Cockney, Coffeehouse, Colchester, Coldplay, Common Brittonic, Commonwealth Games, Commonwealth of 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Foreign-born population of the United Kingdom, Fortune 500, Fountain Studios, Frank Stenton, FTSE 100 Index, Fulham F.C., Gary Oldman, Gatwick Airport, General aviation, Geoffrey Chaucer, Geoffrey of Monmouth, George III of the United Kingdom, George Michael, Georgian era, GeoTLD, German strategic bombing during World War I, Glasgow, Global city, Golders Green, Goldsmiths, University of London, Gorillaz, Government of the United Kingdom, Grass snake, Great Fire of London, Great Plague of London, Great Smog of London, Greater London, Greater London Authority, Greater London Built-up Area, Greater London Council, Green Park, Green Spring Academy Shoreditch, Greenwich, Greenwich Mean Time, Greenwich Park, Greenwich Peninsula, Grime (music genre), Guildhall School of Music and Drama, Gunpowder Plot, Guthrum, Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School, Hackney carriage, Hamburg, Hammersmith Apollo, Hampstead, Hampstead Heath, Hampton Court Palace, Hampton Court Park, Hanseatic League, Hard Rock 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Europe, List of museums in London, List of newspapers in the United Kingdom, List of Parliamentary constituencies in London, List of sovereign states, List of sub-regions used in the London Plan, List of tallest buildings and structures in London, List of tallest buildings in the European Union, List of telephone exchanges in London, List of the busiest airports, List of urban areas in the European Union, List of World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom, Literacy, Literary modernism, Lloyd's building, Lloyd's of London, Local nature reserve, Londinium, London (European Parliament constituency), London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art, London Ambulance Service, London Assembly, London bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics, London Borough of Brent, London Borough of Haringey, London Borough of Harrow, London Borough of Havering, London Borough of Hillingdon, London Borough of Lambeth, London Borough of Newham, London Borough of Tower Hamlets, London boroughs, London Broncos, London Buses, 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A Journal of the Plague Year is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published in March 1722.
The A1 is the longest numbered road in the UK, at.
Abbey Road Studios (formerly known as EMI Recording Studios) is a recording studio at 3 Abbey Road, St John's Wood, City of Westminster, London, England.
ABC-CLIO, LLC is a publishing company for academic reference works and periodicals primarily on topics such as history and social sciences for educational and public library settings.
An academic health science centre (AHSC; also known as an academic health sciences centre, an academic health science(s) system, an academic health science(s) partnership or an academic medical centre) is a partnership between two or more universities and healthcare providers focusing on research, clinical services, education and training.
The Academy of Live and Recorded Arts (ALRA) is a British drama school situated on Wandsworth Common, South West London and in Wigan, Greater Manchester making it the only Drama UK drama school to offer identical training at two separate institutions across the United Kingdom.
Adam Ant (born Stuart Leslie Goddard; 3 November 1954) is an English singer and musician.
Addington Hills is a park in Upper Shirley, London, England.
Adele Laurie Blue Adkins (born 5 May 1988) is an English singer and songwriter.
The Admiraal de Ruijter was an international train service linking Amsterdam with London.
AFC Wimbledon is a professional football club currently based in Kingston upon Thames, south west London, England, which has played in League One, the third tier of the English football league system, since promotion in 2016.
Ahmadiyya (officially, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community or the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at; الجماعة الإسلامية الأحمدية, transliterated: al-Jamā'ah al-Islāmiyyah al-Aḥmadiyyah; احمدیہ مسلم جماعت) is an Islamic religious movement founded in Punjab, British India, in the late 19th century.
The metropolitan area of London, England, United Kingdom is served by six international airports and several smaller airports.
The Albert Memorial is situated in Kensington Gardens, London, directly to the north of the Royal Albert Hall.
Albertopolis is the nickname given to the area centred on Exhibition Road in London, named after Prince Albert, spouse of Queen Victoria.
Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was an English film director and producer, widely regarded as one of the most influential filmmakers in the history of cinema.
Alfred the Great (Ælfrēd, Ælfrǣd, "elf counsel" or "wise elf"; 849 – 26 October 899) was King of Wessex from 871 to 899.
The All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, also known as the All England Club, based at Church Road, Wimbledon, London, England, is a private members' club.
AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide or AMG) is an online music guide.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Amy Jade Winehouse (14 September 1983 – 23 July 2011) was an English singer and songwriter.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Andrew Lloyd Webber, Baron Lloyd-Webber Kt (born 22 March 1948) is an English composer and impresario of musical theatre.
Angel is an area in Central London, England, within the London Borough of Islington.
The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons.
The history of Anglo-Saxon London relates to the history of the city of London during the Anglo-Saxon period, during the 7th to 11th centuries.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
Anguis fragilis, the slowworm, is a legless lizard native to Eurasia.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
The applied arts are the application of design and decoration to everyday objects to make them aesthetically pleasing.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.
Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.
Arsenal Football Club is a professional football club based in Islington, London, England, that plays in the Premier League, the top flight of English football.
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a British writer best known for his detective fiction featuring the character Sherlock Holmes.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Badgers are short-legged omnivores in the family Mustelidae, which also includes the otters, polecats, weasels, and wolverines.
The Baitul Futuh Mosque (English: House of Victories), also known as the Morden Mosque, is a mosque complex in Morden, London.
The balance of payments, also known as balance of international payments and abbreviated B.O.P. or BoP, of a country is the record of all economic transactions between the residents of the country and of the world in a particular period (over a quarter of a year or more commonly over a year).
Bananarama are a British female pop music vocal group formed in London in 1981 by friends Sara Dallin, Siobhan Fahey and Keren Woodward.
A bank holiday is a public holiday in the United Kingdom, some Commonwealth countries, Hong Kong and the Republic of Ireland.
The Bank of England, formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, is the central bank of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the model on which most modern central banks have been based.
Bankside Power Station is a decommissioned electricity generating station located on the south bank of the River Thames, in the Bankside area of the Borough of Southwark, London.
BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir (also commonly known as the Neasden Temple) is a Hindu temple in Neasden, London.
The Barbican Centre is a performing arts centre in the Barbican Estate of the City of London and the largest of its kind in Europe.
The Barbican Estate is a residential estate that was built during the 1960s and the 1980s within the City of London in Central London, in an area once devastated by World War II bombings and today densely populated by financial institutions.
Barnet Football Club is an English professional football club based in Edgware, north-west London.
Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry is a medical and dental school in London, England.
Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.
Battersea Park is a 200-acre (83-hectare) green space at Battersea in the London Borough of Wandsworth in London.
Battersea Power Station is a decommissioned coal-fired power station located on the south bank of the River Thames, in Nine Elms, Battersea, an inner-city district of South West London.
The Battle of Brentford was a small pitched battle which took place on 12 November 1642, between a detachment of the Royalist army (predominantly horse with one regiment of Welsh foot) under the command of Prince Rupert, and two infantry regiments of Parliamentarians with some horse in support.
The Battle of Hastings was fought on 14 October 1066 between the Norman-French army of William, the Duke of Normandy, and an English army under the Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson, beginning the Norman conquest of England.
The Battle of Turnham Green occurred on 13 November 1642 near the village of Turnham Green, at the end of the first campaigning season of the First English Civil War.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
BBC Radio 1Xtra (also known simply as 1Xtra) is a digital radio station in the United Kingdom from the BBC specialising in urban music.
Bedford is the county town of Bedfordshire, England.
Bedfordshire (abbreviated Beds.) is a county in the East of England.
Benjamin Jonson (c. 11 June 1572 – 6 August 1637) was an English playwright, poet, actor, and literary critic, whose artistry exerted a lasting impact upon English poetry and stage comedy.
Benedict Timothy Carlton Cumberbatch (born 19 July 1976) is an English actor who has performed in film, television, theatre and radio.
Bevis Marks Synagogue, officially Qahal Kadosh Sha'ar ha-Shamayim (קהל קדוש שער השמים, "Holy Congregation Gate of Heaven") is the oldest synagogue in the United Kingdom.
Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London and is usually extended to refer to both the clock and the clock tower.
Billingsgate Fish Market is located in Poplar in London.
Birkbeck, University of London (formally, Birkbeck College; informally, Birkbeck), is a public research university located in Bloomsbury, London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Black British are British citizens of Black origins or heritage, including those of African-Caribbean (sometimes called "Afro-Caribbean") background, and may include people with mixed ancestry.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
Blackheath Football Club is a rugby union club based in Well Hall, Eltham in south-east London, now playing National 1 league rugby at Well Hall, having moved from the famous Rectory Field in Blackheath at the end of the 2015-16 season.
Bloc Party are an English rock band, currently composed of Kele Okereke (lead vocals, rhythm guitar, keyboards, sampler), Russell Lissack (lead guitar, keyboards), Justin Harris (bass guitar, keyboards, saxophones, backing vocals) and Louise Bartle (drums, percussion).
A block party or street party is a crowded party in which many members of a single community congregate, either to observe an event of some importance or simply for mutual enjoyment.
Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, between Euston Road and Holborn.
Blowup is a 1966 British-Italian mystery thriller film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni about a fashion photographer, played by David Hemmings, who believes he has unwittingly captured a murder on film.
Blur are an English rock band, formed in London in 1988.
A boat train is a passenger train operating to a port for the specific purpose of making connection with a passenger ship, such as a ferry or ocean liner.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
Boudica (Latinised as Boadicea or Boudicea, and known in Welsh as Buddug) was a queen of the British Celtic Iceni tribe who led an uprising against the occupying forces of the Roman Empire in AD 60 or 61, and died shortly after its failure, having supposedly poisoned herself.
The Bow Street Runners have been called London's first professional police force.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.
Brentford Football Club is a professional association football club based in Brentford, Greater London, England.
Brick Lane (Bengali: ব্রিক লেন) is a street in east London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.
Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England which is part of the city of Brighton and Hove, East Sussex, 47 miles (75 km) south of London.
Britannia has been used in several different senses.
The British Academy of Film and Television Arts or BAFTA Film Awards are presented in an annual award show hosted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) to honour the best British and international contributions to film.
British African Caribbean (or Afro-Caribbean) people are residents of the United Kingdom whose ancestors were primarily indigenous to Africa.
British Airways (BA) is the flag carrier and the largest airline in the United Kingdom based on fleet size, or the second largest, behind easyJet, when measured by passengers carried.
British Arabs (عرب بريطانيا) are citizens or residents of the United Kingdom that are of Arab ethnic, cultural and linguistic heritage or identity from Arab countries.
The British Armed Forces, also known as Her/His Majesty's Armed Forces, are the military services responsible for the defence of the United Kingdom, its overseas territories and the Crown dependencies.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
British Asians (also referred as South Asians in the United Kingdom, Asian British people or Asian Britons) are persons of South Asian descent who reside in the United Kingdom.
British Bangladeshis (ব্রিটিশ বাংলাদেশি) are people of Bangladeshi origin who have attained citizenship in the United Kingdom, through immigration and historical naturalisation.
British Chinese (also known as Chinese British, Chinese Britons) are people of Chineseparticularly Han Chineseancestry who reside in the United Kingdom, constituting the second or third largest group of overseas Chinese in Europe apart from the Chinese diaspora in France and the overseas Chinese community in Russia.
British History Online is a digital library of primary and secondary sources on medieval and modern history of Great Britain and Ireland.
British Indians (also Indian British or Indian Britons) are citizens of the United Kingdom (UK) whose ancestral roots lie in India.
British Jews (often referred to collectively as Anglo-Jewry) are British citizens who are ethnically and/or religiously Jewish.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.
British Pakistanis (پاکستانی نژاد برطانوی; also known as Pakistani British people or Pakistani Britons) are citizens or residents of the United Kingdom whose ancestral roots lie in Pakistan.
During British Summer Time (BST), civil time in the United Kingdom is advanced one hour forward of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) (in effect, changing the time zone from UTC+0 to UTC+1), so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less.
Barclaycard presents British Summer Time Hyde Park (BST Hyde Park) is a music festival held over two weekends once a year in London's Hyde Park.
The British Transport Police (BTP) is a national special police force that polices railways and light-rail systems in England, Scotland and Wales, for which it has entered into an agreement to provide such services.
The Broadgate Tower is a skyscraper in London's main financial district, the City of London.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Brownfield land is a term used in urban planning to describe any previously developed land that is not currently in use, whether contaminated or not or, in North America, more specifically to describe land previously used for industrial or commercial purposes with known or suspected pollution including soil contamination due to hazardous waste.
Brunel University London is a public research university located in Uxbridge, West London, United Kingdom.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis.
Buckingham Palace is the London residence and administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Bush are an English rock band formed in London, England in 1992.
Bushy Park in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames is the second largest of London's Royal Parks, at in area, after Richmond Park.
A business jet, private jet, or bizjet, or simply B.J., is a jet aircraft designed for transporting small groups of people.
Cadogan Hall is a 950-seat capacity concert hall in Sloane Terrace in Chelsea / Belgravia in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, London, England.
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.
Canary Wharf is a commercial estate and locality in between Poplar, Millwall and Limehouse on the Isle of Dogs in Greater London, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.
Canterbury is a historic English cathedral city and UNESCO World Heritage Site, which lies at the heart of the City of Canterbury, a local government district of Kent, England.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
The Capital Ring is a strategic walking route that is being promoted by London's 33 local councils, led by the City of London Corporation in partnership with the Greater London Authority and its functional body for regional transport, Transport for London, through which much of the funding is provided.
Cardiff (Caerdydd) is the capital of, and largest city in, Wales, and the eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Carnaby Street is a pedestrianised shopping street in Soho in the City of Westminster, Central London.
Cass Business School (short for the Sir John Cass Business School) was established in 1966, and is City, University of London's business school, located in the St Luke's area.
Yusuf Islam (born Steven Demetre Georgiou), commonly known by his former stage name Cat Stevens, is a British singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The term Cavalier was first used by Roundheads as a term of abuse for the wealthier Royalist supporters of King Charles I and his son Charles II of England during the English Civil War, the Interregnum, and the Restoration (1642 – c. 1679).
The Britons, also known as Celtic Britons or Ancient Britons, were Celtic people who inhabited Great Britain from the British Iron Age into the Middle Ages, at which point their culture and language diverged into the modern Welsh, Cornish and Bretons (among others).
A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business centre of a city.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Central London is the innermost part of London, in the United Kingdom, spanning several boroughs.
Central School of Ballet is a classical ballet school based in London, with students from countries all over the world.
The ceremonial counties, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England, are areas of England to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed.
The Challenge Cup (also known as the Ladbrokes Challenge Cup due to sponsorship by Ladbrokes) is a knockout rugby league cup competition organised by the Rugby Football League, held annually since 1896, with the exception of 1915–1919 and 1939–1940.
The Channel Tunnel (Le tunnel sous la Manche; also nicknamed the Chunnel) is a rail tunnel linking Folkestone, Kent, in the United Kingdom, with Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais, near Calais in northern France, beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover.
Charing Cross is a junction in London, England, where six routes meet.
Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.
Charlton Athletic Football Club is an English professional association football club based in Charlton, south-east London.
Chelsea Football Club is a professional football club in London, England, that competes in the Premier League.
Chelsea is an affluent area of South West London, bounded to the south by the River Thames.
Chester (Caer) is a walled city in Cheshire, England, on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales.
Chinatown is an ethnic enclave in the City of Westminster, London, bordering the Soho to its north and west, Theatreland to the south and east.
Chinese cuisine is an important part of Chinese culture, which includes cuisine originating from the diverse regions of China, as well as from Chinese people in other parts of the world.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Christopher Edward Nolan (born 30 July 1970) is an English film director, screenwriter, and producer who holds both British and American citizenship.
Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS (–) was an English anatomist, astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist, as well as one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
City and Islington College, known as Candi, is a further education college in the London Borough of Islington, England, with five major sites.
The City and South London Railway (C&SLR) was the first deep-level underground "tube" railway in the world, and the first major railway to use electric traction.
City Hall is the headquarters of the Greater London Authority (GLA), which comprises the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.
The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
The City of London Corporation, officially and legally the Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens of the City of London, is the municipal governing body of the City of London, the historic centre of London and the location of much of the UK's financial sector.
The City of London Police is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement within the City of London, including the Middle and Inner Temples.
The City of London School, also known as CLS and City, is an independent day school for boys in the City of London, England, on the banks of the River Thames next to the Millennium Bridge, opposite Tate Modern.
The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough which also holds city status.
City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities:, there are 69 cities in the United Kingdom – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland.
City, University of London is a public research university in London, United Kingdom.
The Clean Air Act 1956 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed in response to London's Great Smog of 1952.
Sir Cliff Richard, (born Harry Rodger Webb, 14 October 1940) is a British pop singer, musician, performer, actor and philanthropist.
The term cockney has had several distinct geographical, social, and linguistic associations.
A coffeehouse, coffee shop or café (sometimes spelt cafe) is an establishment which primarily serves hot coffee, related coffee beverages (café latte, cappuccino, espresso), tea, and other hot beverages.
Colchester is an historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex.
Coldplay are a British rock band formed in 1996 by lead singer and pianist Chris Martin and lead guitarist Jonny Buckland at University College London (UCL).
Common Brittonic was an ancient Celtic language spoken in Britain.
The Commonwealth Games are an international multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
In statistics, a confidence interval (CI) is a type of interval estimate, computed from the statistics of the observed data, that might contain the true value of an unknown population parameter.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
The United Kingdom does not have one specific constitutional document named as such.
A constitutional convention is an informal and uncodified procedural agreement that is followed by the institutions of a state.
Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers).
Continental or mainland Europe is the continuous continent of Europe excluding its surrounding islands.
The Corn Laws were tariffs and other trade restrictions on imported food and grain ("corn") enforced in Great Britain between 1815 and 1846.
The counties of England are areas used for the purposes of administrative, geographical, cultural or political demarcation.
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
The County of London was a county of England from 1889 to 1965, corresponding to the area known today as Inner London.
A court is an extended royal household in a monarchy, including all those who regularly attend on a monarch, or another central figure.
The Courtauld Institute of Art, commonly referred to as The Courtauld, is a self-governing college of the University of London specialising in the study of the history of art and conservation.
The ICC Cricket World Cup is the international championship of One Day International (ODI) cricket.
Crossrail is a railway line under development in London and the home counties of Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Essex, England.
Croydon is a large town in south London, England, south of Charing Cross.
Crystal Palace Football Club is a professional football club based in Selhurst, London, that plays in the Premier League, the top tier of English football.
Culture Club are an English new wave band that formed in London in 1981.
Cycling in London is a popular mode of transport and leisure activity within the capital city of the United Kingdom.
The Danelaw (also known as the Danelagh; Dena lagu; Danelagen), as recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, is a historical name given to the part of England in which the laws of the Danes held sway and dominated those of the Anglo-Saxons.
Danes (danskere) are a nation and a Germanic ethnic group native to Denmark, who speak Danish and share the common Danish culture.
Sir Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis (born 29 April 1957) is a retired English actor who holds both British and Irish citizenship.
Daniel Defoe (13 September 1660 - 24 April 1731), born Daniel Foe, was an English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer and spy.
David Robert Jones (8 January 1947 – 10 January 2016), known professionally as David Bowie, was an English singer-songwriter and actor.
Dendrochronology (or tree-ring dating) is the scientific method of dating tree rings (also called growth rings) to the exact year they were formed in order to analyze atmospheric conditions during different periods in history.
A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different product categories known as "departments".
Derby is a city and unitary authority area in Derbyshire, England.
In the United Kingdom, devolution (fèin-riaghlaidh, datganoli; Irish: Dílárú) refers to the statutory granting of powers from the Parliament of the United Kingdom to the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, the Northern Ireland Assembly and the London Assembly and to their associated executive bodies the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government, the Northern Ireland Executive and in England, the Greater London Authority and combined authorities.
The Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Walk is a long circular walking trail in central London, England, dedicated to the memory of Diana, Princess of Wales.
The districts of England (also known as local authority districts or local government districts to distinguish from unofficial city districts) are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government.
The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is an automated light metro system opened in 1987 to serve the redeveloped Docklands area of East London, England.
A double-decker bus is a bus that has two storeys or decks.
Drum and bass (also written as "drum 'n' bass" or "drum & bass"; commonly abbreviated as "D&B", "DnB" or "D'n'B"), is a genre and branch of electronic music which emerged from rave and jungle scenes in Britain during the early 1990s.
Dubai International Airport (مطار دبي الدولي) is the primary international airport serving Dubai, United Arab Emirates and is the world's busiest airport by international passenger traffic.
Dubstep is a genre of electronic dance music that originated in South London in the late 1990s.
Mary Isobel Catherine Bernadette O'Brien (16 April 1939 – 2 March 1999), professionally known as Dusty Springfield, was an English pop singer and record producer whose career extended from the late 1950s to the 1990s.
Ealing Studios is a television and film production company and facilities provider at Ealing Green in west London.
Ealing, Hammersmith & West London College (also formally known as "Ealing Tertiary College") is a further and higher education college based across four campuses located in Acton, Ealing, Hammersmith and Southall districts of London, England.
Earls Court Exhibition Centre was an internationally renowned exhibition, conference and events venue in London that originally opened in 1887 and was built in 1937 in its most recent art moderne style exterior.
The East End of London, usually called the East End, is the historic core of wider East London, east of the Roman and medieval walls of the City of London, and north of the River Thames.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
The East London Mosque (ELM), situated in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets between Whitechapel and Aldgate.
East London Tech City (also known as Tech City and Silicon Roundabout) is a technology district located in East London.
EastEnders is a British soap opera created by Julia Smith and Tony Holland which has been broadcast on BBC One since 1985.
EasyJet Airline Company Limited, styled as easyJet, is a British low-cost carrier airline headquartered at London Luton Airport.
The economy of the United Kingdom is highly developed and market-oriented.
Edward Christopher Sheeran, (born 17 February 1991) is an English singer, songwriter, guitarist, record producer, and actor.
Edgware is a district of northern Greater London, in the London Borough of Barnet.
The Edict of Expulsion was a royal decree issued by King Edward I of England on 18 July 1290, expelling all Jews from the Kingdom of England.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
Edward the Confessor (Ēadƿeard Andettere, Eduardus Confessor; 1003 – 5 January 1066), also known as Saint Edward the Confessor, was among the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England.
The Eleanor crosses were a series of twelve lavishly decorated stone monuments topped with tall crosses, of which three survive nearly intact, in a line down part of the east of England.
Elena Jane Goulding (born 30 December 1986) is an English singer and songwriter.
Elstree Studios is a generic term which can refer to several current and defunct British film studios and television studios based in or around the towns of Borehamwood and Elstree in Hertfordshire.
Sir Elton Hercules John (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight; 25 March 1947) is an English singer, pianist, and composer.
Declan Patrick MacManus (born 25 August 1954), better known by his stage name Elvis Costello, is an English musician, singer, songwriter, composer, record producer, author, television presenter, and occasional actor.
Embankment Pier is a pier on the River Thames in London, UK.
Emergency medical services, also known as ambulance services or paramedic services (abbreviated to the initialism EMS, EMAS, EMARS or SAMU in some countries), are a type of emergency service dedicated to providing out-of-hospital acute medical care, transport to definitive care, and other medical transport to patients with illnesses and injuries which prevent the patient from transporting themselves.
Emirates (طَيَران الإمارات DMG: Ṭayarān Al-Imārāt) is an airline based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
The Emirates Air Line is a cable car link across the River Thames in London, England built by Doppelmayr with sponsorship from the airline Emirates.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
England and Wales is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom.
The England national football team represents England in international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside.
The English Football League (EFL) is a league competition featuring professional football clubs from England and Wales.
English National Ballet is a classical ballet company founded by Dame Alicia Markova and Sir Anton Dolin and based at Markova House in South Kensington, London, England.
English National Opera (ENO) is an opera company based in London, resident at the London Coliseum in St. Martin's Lane.
The English Reformation was a series of events in 16th century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church.
English Renaissance theatre—also known as early modern English theatre and Elizabethan theatre—refers to the theatre of England between 1562 and 1642.
The Environment Agency (EA) is a non-departmental public body, established in 1995 and sponsored by the United Kingdom government's Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), with responsibilities relating to the protection and enhancement of the environment in England (and until 2013 also Wales).
Epping Forest is a area of ancient woodland between Epping in the north and Wanstead in the south, straddling the border between Greater London and Essex.
Eric Patrick Clapton, (born 1945), is an English rock and blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter.
ESCP Europe (full name: École supérieure de commerce de Paris) is a European business school with campuses in Paris, Berlin, London, Madrid, Turin, and Warsaw.
Essex is a county in the East of England.
The name of London is derived from a word first attested, in Latinised form, as Londinium.
European Business School London (EBS London) is a private Business School in Regent's Park in Central London.
The European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion, briefly ESPON, is a European funded programme under the objective of "European Territorial Cooperation" of the Cohesion Policy of the European Union.
Eurostar is a high-speed railway service connecting London with Amsterdam, Avignon, Brussels, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Paris and Rotterdam.
Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.
Exeter is a cathedral city in Devon, England, with a population of 129,800 (mid-2016 EST).
The FA Cup Final, commonly referred to in England as just the Cup Final, is the last match in the Football Association Challenge Cup.
The fallow deer (Dama dama) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae.
A fashion capital is a city which has a major influence on international fashion trends and in which the design, production and retailing of fashion products – plus events such as fashion weeks, awards and trade fairs – generate significant economic output.
fDi Magazine is an English-language bi-monthly news and foreign direct investment (FDI) publication, providing an up-to-date review of global investment activity.
The Festival of Britain was a national exhibition and fair that reached millions of visitors throughout the United Kingdom in the summer of 1951.
A financial centre is a location that is home to a cluster of nationally or internationally significant financial services providers such as banks, investment managers, or stock exchanges.
The financial crisis of 2007–2008, also known as the global financial crisis and the 2008 financial crisis, is considered by many economists to have been the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
Financial services are the economic services provided by the finance industry, which encompasses a broad range of businesses that manage money, including credit unions, banks, credit-card companies, insurance companies, accountancy companies, consumer-finance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds, individual managers and some government-sponsored enterprises.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
Finchley is an area of northwest London, England, in the London Borough of Barnet.
The fire services in the United Kingdom operate under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, and Scotland.
A fishmonger (fishwife for female practitioners - "wife" in this case used in its archaic meaning of "woman") is someone who sells raw fish and seafood.
Flamingos or flamingoes are a type of wading bird in the family Phoenicopteridae, the only bird family in the order Phoenicopteriformes.
Fleet Street is a major street in the City of London.
Fleetwood Mac are a British-American rock band, formed in London in 1967.
A floodplain or flood plain is an area of land adjacent to a stream or river which stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls, and which experiences flooding during periods of high discharge.
Florence and the Machine (stylised as Florence + the Machine) are an English indie rock band that formed in London in 2007, consisting of vocalist Florence Welch, keyboardist Isabella Summers, and a collaboration of other musicians.
A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.
The foreign-born population of the United Kingdom includes immigrants from a wide range of countries who are resident in the United Kingdom.
The Fortune 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for their respective fiscal years.
Fountain Studios (formerly Wembley Studios) was an independently owned television studio located in Wembley Park, Wembley, north-west London, close to Wembley Park underground station.
Sir Frank Merry Stenton (17 May 1880 – 15 September 1967) was a 20th-century historian of Anglo-Saxon England, and president of the Royal Historical Society (1937–1945).
The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "Footsie", is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalisation.
Fulham Football Club is a professional association football club based in Fulham, London, England.
Gary Leonard OldmanBirths, Marriages & Deaths Index of England & Wales, 1916–2005. (born 21 March 1958) is an English actor and filmmaker who has performed in theatre, film and television.
Gatwick Airport (also known as London Gatwick) is a major international airport near Crawley in southeast England, south of Central London.
General aviation (GA) is all civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and non-scheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire.
Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages.
Geoffrey of Monmouth (Galfridus Monemutensis, Galfridus Arturus, Gruffudd ap Arthur, Sieffre o Fynwy; c. 1095 – c. 1155) was a British cleric and one of the major figures in the development of British historiography and the popularity of tales of King Arthur.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou (25 June 1963 – 25 December 2016), known professionally as George Michael, was an English singer, songwriter, record producer, and philanthropist who rose to fame as a member of the music duo Wham! He was widely known for his work in the 1980s and 1990s, including hit singles such as "Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go" and "Last Christmas", and albums such as Faith (1987) and Listen Without Prejudice Vol. 1 (1990).
The Georgian era is a period in British history from 1714 to, named eponymously after kings George I, George II, George III and George IV.
A GeoTLD (geographic TLD) is a top-level domain in the Domain Name System of the Internet using the name of or invoking an association with a geographical, geopolitical, ethnic, linguistic or cultural community.
The best-known German strategic bombing campaign during World War I was the campaign against England, although strategic bombing raids were carried out or attempted on other fronts.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
Golders Green is an area in the London Borough of Barnet in England.
Goldsmiths, University of London, is a public research university in London, England, specialising in the arts, design, humanities, and social sciences.
Gorillaz are a British virtual band created in 1998 by musician Damon Albarn and artist Jamie Hewlett.
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The grass snake (Natrix natrix), sometimes called the ringed snake or water snake, is a Eurasian non-venomous snake.
The Great Fire of London was a major conflagration that swept through the central parts of the English city of London from Sunday, 2 September to Thursday, 6 of September 1666.
The Great Plague, lasting from 1665 to 1666, was the last major epidemic of the bubonic plague to occur in England.
The Great Smog of London, or Great Smog of 1952, was a severe air-pollution event that affected the British capital of London in early December 1952.
Greater London is a region of England which forms the administrative boundaries of London, as well as a county for the purposes of the lieutenancies.
The Greater London Authority (GLA) is a top-tier administrative body for Greater London, England.
The Greater London Built-up Area, or Greater London Urban Area, is a conurbation in south-east England that constitutes the continuous urban area of London and includes surrounding adjacent urban towns as defined by the Office for National Statistics.
The Greater London Council (GLC) was the top-tier local government administrative body for Greater London from 1965 to 1986.
The Green Park, usually known without the article simply as Green Park, is one of the Royal Parks of London.
Green Spring Academy Shoreditch (formerly known as Bethnal Green High School) is a co-educational academy for students aged between 11-19 based in Bethnal Green in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, in East London.
Greenwich is an area of south east London, England, located east-southeast of Charing Cross.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London.
Greenwich Park is a former hunting park in Greenwich and one of the largest single green spaces in south-east London.
Greenwich Peninsula is a district of south-east London, England, within the Royal Borough of Greenwich.
Grime (also known as, Eskibeat, 8Bar, Sublow and UK Bashment) is a genre of music that emerged in London in the early 2000s.
The Guildhall School of Music and Drama is an independent music and dramatic arts school which was founded in 1880 in London, England.
The Gunpowder Plot of 1605, in earlier centuries often called the Gunpowder Treason Plot or the Jesuit Treason, was a failed assassination attempt against King James I of England and VI of Scotland by a group of provincial English Catholics led by Robert Catesby.
Guthrum or Guðrum (died c. 890), christened Æthelstan on his conversion to Christianity in 878, was King of the Danish Vikings in the Danelaw.
The Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School (also referred to as Haberdashers', Habs or Habs Boys) is a public school for boys aged 5–18 in Elstree, Hertfordshire, England.
A hackney or hackney carriage (also called a cab, black cab, hack or London taxi) is a carriage or automobile for hire.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
The Hammersmith Apollo (called the Eventim Apollo for sponsorship reasons and formerly – and still commonly – known as the Hammersmith Odeon) is an entertainment venue and a Grade II* listed building located in Hammersmith, London.
Hampstead, commonly known as Hampstead Village, is an area of London, England, northwest of Charing Cross.
Hampstead Heath (locally known simply as the Heath) is a large, ancient London park, covering.
Hampton Court Palace is a royal palace in the borough of Richmond upon Thames, London, England, south west and upstream of central London on the River Thames.
Hampton Court Park between the gardens of Hampton Court Palace and Kingston upon Thames and Surbiton in south west London, England, is a walled royal park managed by the Historic Royal Palaces.
The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.
Hard Rock Cafe Inc. is a chain of theme restaurants founded in 1971 by Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton in London.
Hares and jackrabbits are leporids belonging to the genus Lepus.
The Harlequin Football Club (Harlequins or Quins for short) are an English rugby union team who play in the top level of English rugby, the English Premiership.
Harrods is a luxury department store located on Brompton Road in Knightsbridge, London.
Harrow School is an independent boarding school for boys in Harrow, London, England.
Heathrow Airport (also known as London Heathrow) is a major international airport in London, United Kingdom.
A hedgehog is any of the spiny mammals of the subfamily Erinaceinae, in the eulipotyphlan family Erinaceidae.
Dame Helen Lydia Mirren, (born 26 July 1945) is an English actor.
Hemel Hempstead is a new town in Hertfordshire, England.
Hemel Stags R.L.C. is a semi-professional rugby league club based in Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England.
Hendon is a London suburb in the Borough of Barnet, northwest of Charing Cross.
Henry Benjamin Wheatley FSA (1838–1917) was a British author, editor, and indexer.
Her Majesty's Coastguard (HMCG) is a section of the Maritime and Coastguard Agency responsible for the initiation and co-ordination of all maritime search and rescue (SAR) within the UK Maritime Search and Rescue Region.
The Heron Tower (officially 110 Bishopsgate) is a commercial skyscraper in London.
Hertfordshire (often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.
High Speed 1 (HS1), legally the Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL), is a high-speed railway between London and the United Kingdom end of the Channel Tunnel.
High Speed 2 (HS2) is a planned high-speed railway in the United Kingdom, directly linking London, Birmingham, the East Midlands, Leeds and Manchester.
Highgate School, formally Sir Roger Cholmeley's School at Highgate, is a British coeducational independent school, founded in 1565 in Highgate, London, England.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
A Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of god.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hip hop, or hip-hop, is a subculture and art movement developed in the Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s.
Historia regum Britanniae (The History of the Kings of Britain), originally called De gestis Britonum (On the Deeds of the Britons), is a pseudohistorical account of British history, written around 1136 by Geoffrey of Monmouth.
The historic counties of England are areas that were established for administration by the Normans, in many cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires created by the Anglo-Saxons and others.
Historic Royal Palaces is an independent charity that manages some of the United Kingdom's unoccupied royal palaces.
The history of the Jews in England goes back to the reign of William I where the first written record of Jewish settlement in England dates from 1070.
The home counties are the counties of England that surround London (although several of them do not border it).
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Hult International Business School is a private business school with campus locations in San Francisco, London, New York City, Dubai, Boston, and Shanghai.
Hyde Park is a Grade I-listed major park in Central London.
Iain Sinclair FRSL (born 11 June 1943) is a Welsh writer and filmmaker.
An IATA airport code, also known as an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
The Iceni or Eceni were a Brittonic tribe of eastern Britain during the Iron Age and early Roman era.
Ilford is a large town in east London, located east of Charing Cross.
Imperial College Business School is a global business school located in London.
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust is an NHS trust based in London, United Kingdom.
Imperial College London (officially Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom.
Imperial College School of Medicine (ICSM) is the medical school of Imperial College London in England, and one of the United Hospitals.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Inner London is the name for the group of London boroughs which form the interior part of Greater London and are surrounded by Outer London.
An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
Irish migration to Great Britain has occurred from the earliest recorded history to the present.
Irish Travellers (an lucht siúil, meaning 'the walking people') are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group who maintain a set of traditions.
Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band formed in Leyton, East London, in 1975 by bassist and primary songwriter Steve Harris.
Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.
Islington is a district in Greater London, England, and part of the London Borough of Islington.
Jack the Ripper is the best-known name for an unidentified serial killer generally believed to have been active in the largely impoverished areas in and around the Whitechapel district of London in 1888.
James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625.
Jamiroquai are a British jazz-funk band from London, formed in 1992.
The Jewish Encyclopedia is an English encyclopedia containing over 15,000 articles on the history, culture, and state of Judaism and the Jews up to the early 20th century.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Datuk Jimmy Choo Yeang Keat OBE AllMalaysia.info, 27 August 2004 (born 15 November 1948) is a Malaysian fashion designer based in the United Kingdom.
Joseph Edmund Johnson (born 23 December 1971) is a British Conservative politician.
John Bright (16 November 1811 – 27 March 1889) was a British Radical and Liberal statesman, one of the greatest orators of his generation and a promoter of free trade policies.
John Charles Galliano CBE, RDI (born November 28, 1960) is a Gibraltar-born British-Spanish fashion designer who was the head designer of French fashion companies Givenchy (July 1995 to October 1996), Christian Dior (October 1996 to March 2011), and his own label John Galliano (1988 to 2011).
The Jubilee Walkway is an official walking route in London.
David Jude Heyworth Law (born 29 December 1972) is an English actor.
Catherine "Kate" Bush (born 30 July 1958) is an English singer-songwriter, musician, dancer and record producer.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Keira Christina Knightley, OBE (born 26 March 1985) is an English actress.
Kennington is a district in south London, England.
Kensington is a district in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, West London, England.
Kensington Gardens, once the private gardens of Kensington Palace, are among the Royal Parks of London.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
Kenwood House (also known as the Iveagh Bequest) is a former stately home, in Hampstead, London, on the northern boundary of Hampstead Heath.
Kew Gardens is a botanical garden in southwest London that houses the "largest and most diverse botanical and mycological collections in the world".
Lud (Lludd map Beli Mawr), according to Geoffrey of Monmouth's legendary History of the Kings of Britain and related medieval texts, was a king of Britain in pre-Roman times who founded London and was buried at Ludgate.
King's College London (informally King's or KCL) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a founding constituent college of the federal University of London.
King's College London GKT School of Medical Education (abbreviated: GKT) is the medical school of King's College London.
King's Health Partners is an academic health science centre located in London, United Kingdom.
King's Road or Kings Road (or sometimes the King's Road, especially when it was the King's private road until 1830, or as a colloquialism by middle/upper class London residents), is a major street stretching through Chelsea and Fulham, both in west London.
Kings Cross is an inner city district in north London, England, 2.5 miles (4.8 km) north west of Charing Cross.
Kingston University London (informally Kingston or KUL) is a public research university located within the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, in South West London, United Kingdom.
Knightsbridge is an exclusive residential and retail district in West London, south of Hyde Park.
A kontor was a foreign trading post of the Hanseatic League.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
Lambeth North is a London Underground station in the neighbourhood of Lambeth, at the junction of Westminster Bridge Road and Baylis Road.
Lambeth Palace is the official London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury in England, in north Lambeth, on the south bank of the River Thames, 400 yards south-east of the Palace of Westminster, which houses the Houses of Parliament, on the opposite bank.
A landfill site (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump or dumping ground and historically as a midden) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial.
The larger urban zone (LUZ), or Functional Urban Area (FUA), is a measure of the population and expanse of metropolitan areas in Europe and OECD countries.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lübeck is a city in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany.
The Lea Valley Walk is a long-distance path located between Leagrave, the source of the River Lea near Luton, and the Thames, at Limehouse Basin, Limehouse, east London.
League 1 (for sponsorship reasons currently known as the Betfred League 1), is a professional rugby league competition based in England.
Led Zeppelin were an English rock band formed in London in 1968.
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
Leicester Square is a pedestrianised square in the West End of London, England.
Lewisham is an area of south London, England, south-east of Charing Cross.
Leyton Sixth Form College is a public college located in the London Borough of Waltham Forest.
The Liberal Democrats (often referred to as Lib Dems) are a liberal British political party, formed in 1988 as a merger of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party (SDP), a splinter group from the Labour Party, which had formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance from 1981.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
The Lines of Communication were English Civil War fortifications commissioned by Parliament (see the Order for intrenching and fortifying the City of London, 7 March 1643) and built around London between 1642 and 1643 to protect the capital from attack by the Royalist armies of Charles I., http://www.spitalfields.co.uk/, Retrieved 2008-11-23 See the section "1.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
List of major annual events in London, England, by month.
The world's busiest city airport systems by passenger traffic are measured by total number of passengers from all airports within a city or metropolitan area combined.
This is a list of cathedrals, churches and chapels in Greater London, which is divided into 32 London boroughs and the City of London – the ancient core and financial centre.
This is a list of cities and/or their metropolitan areas in the world by GDP.
Below is a list of the largest cities in the European Union according to the population within their city limits.
This article provides a list of cycle routes in the Greater London area that have been waymarked with formal numbered route signage.
This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, one of the petty kingdoms to rule a portion of modern England.
This is a list of boundary changes occurring in the London region of England, since the re-organisation of local government following the passing of the London Government Act 1963.
Determining the world's largest cities depends on which definitions of city are used.
This article lists the largest cities or urban areas by estimated population in history.
Greater London is divided into fourteen territorial constituencies for London Assembly elections, each returning one member.
One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core.
This is a list of metropolitan areas in Europe, with their population according to three different sources.
This is a list of museums in London, the capital city of England and the United Kingdom.
There are newspapers distributed nationally in the United Kingdom and some in Scotland only, and others serving a smaller area.
The region of Greater London, including the City of London, is divided into 73 parliamentary constituencies which are sub-classified as borough constituencies, affecting the type of electoral officer and level of expenses permitted.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
Greater London is divided into five sub-regions for the purposes of the London Plan.
This list of the tallest buildings and structures in London ranks skyscrapers, towers and other structures in London by their height.
This list ranks the tallest buildings in the European Union that stand at least tall, based on standard height measurement.
This is a list of telephone exchanges located within Greater London.
The definition of world's busiest airport has been specified by the Airports Council International in Geneva, Switzerland.
This is a list of urban areas in the European Union with over 500,000 inhabitants as of 2014.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.
Literary modernism, or modernist literature, has its origins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in Europe and North America, and is characterized by a very self-conscious break with traditional ways of writing, in both poetry and prose fiction.
The Lloyd's building (sometimes known as the Inside-Out Building) is the home of the insurance institution Lloyd's of London.
Lloyd's of London, generally known simply as Lloyd's, is an insurance market located in London, United Kingdom.
Local nature reserve (LNR) is a designation for nature reserves in Great Britain.
Londinium was a settlement established on the current site of the City of London around 43.
London is a constituency of the European Parliament.
The London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art (LAMDA) is a drama school situated in the west of London, United Kingdom.
The London Ambulance Service (LAS) is a National Health Service trust that is responsible for answering and responding to urgent and emergency medical situations within London.
The London Assembly is an elected body, part of the Greater London Authority, that scrutinises the activities of the Mayor of London and has the power, with a two-thirds majority, to amend the Mayor's annual budget and to reject the Mayor's draft statutory strategies.
London 2012 was the successful bid to host the 2012 Summer Olympics, held in London with most events taking place in Stratford in the borough of Newham.
The London Borough of Brent is a London borough in north west London, and forms part of Outer London.
The London Borough of Haringey (pronounced, same as Harringay) is a London borough in North London, classified by some definitions as part of Inner London, and by others as part of Outer London.
The London Borough of Harrow is a London borough of north-west London, England.
The London Borough of Havering is a London borough in East London, England and forms part of Outer London.
The London Borough of Hillingdon is a large borough located in Greater London, England which had a population of 273,936 according to the 2011 Census.
Lambeth is a London borough in south London, England, which forms part of Inner London.
The London Borough of Newham is a London borough formed from the former Essex county boroughs of West Ham and East Ham, within east London, the name being a portmanteau word reflecting its creation while combining the compass points of the old borough names.
The London Borough of Tower Hamlets is a London Borough in East London which covers much of the traditional East End.
The London boroughs are 32 of the 33 local authority districts of the Greater London administrative area (the 33rd is the City of London).
The London Broncos are a professional rugby league club in Ealing, London, who compete in the Championship, the second tier of professional rugby league football.
London Buses is the subsidiary of Transport for London (TfL) that manages bus services within Greater London.
The London Business School (LBS) is a public business school and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The London Central Mosque (also known as the Islamic Cultural Centre (ICC) or Regent's Park Mosque) is a mosque located near Regent's Park in London, United Kingdom.
London City Airport is an international airport in London, United Kingdom.
The London Coliseum (also known as the Coliseum Theatre) is a theatre in St. Martin's Lane, Westminster, built as one of London's largest and most luxurious "family" variety theatres.
The London commuter belt is a metropolitan area that includes London and its surrounding commuter zone (the area in which it is practical to commute to work in London).
The London congestion charge is a fee charged on most motor vehicles operating within the Congestion Charge Zone (CCZ) in Central London between 07:00 and 18:00 Mondays to Fridays.
London Contemporary Dance School (informally LCDS) is a contemporary dance school located in London, England and a part of the Conservatoire for Dance and Drama.
London County Council (LCC) was the principal local government body for the County of London throughout its existence from 1889 to 1965, and the first London-wide general municipal authority to be directly elected.
The London Cycling Campaign (LCC) is an independent membership charity lobbying for better conditions for cycling in London.
London Docklands is the name for the riverfront and former docks in London, the capital of the United Kingdom.
The London Eye, known for sponsorship reasons as the Coca-Cola London Eye, is a giant Ferris wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames in London.
Rail service fares in Greater London and the surrounding area are calculated in accordance with the London fare zones system managed by Transport for London.
The London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority (LFEPA) was a functional body of the Greater London Authority (GLA), established under the Greater London Authority Act 1999.
The London Fire Brigade (LFB) is the statutory fire and rescue service for London.
The London Inner Ring Road, or Ring Road as signposted, is a route formed from a number of major roads that encircle Central London.
London Irish RFC is an English rugby union club, with an Irish Identity.
The London Jewish Forum (LJF) is dedicated to the promotion of Jewish life in London.
The London Marathon (currently known through sponsorship as the Virgin Money London Marathon) is a long-distance running event held in London, United Kingdom, part of the World Marathon Majors.
London Metropolitan University, commonly known as London Met, is a public research university in London, England.
The London Outer Orbital Path — more usually the "London LOOP" — is a signed walk along public footpaths, and through parks, woods and fields around the edge of Outer London, England, described as "the M25 for walkers".
London Overground (also known simply as the Overground) is a suburban rail network serving London and its environs.
Paddington, also known as London Paddington, is a Central London railway terminus and London Underground station complex, located on Praed Street in the Paddington area.
The London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB) was the organisation responsible for local public transport in London and its environs from 1933 to 1948.
The London Plan is the statutory spatial development strategy for the Greater London area in the United Kingdom that is written by the Mayor of London and published by the Greater London Authority.
The London postal district is the area in England of to which mail addressed to the LONDON post town is delivered.
London Rail is a directorate of Transport for London (TfL), involved in the relationship with the National Rail network within Greater London, UK.
The London Ringways were a series of four ring roads planned in the 1960s to circle London at various distances from the city centre.
The London Riverside is a redevelopment area on the north side of the River Thames in East London, England and part of the larger Thames Gateway redevelopment zone.
The London School of Business and Finance (informally LSBF) is a for-profit private business school based in the United Kingdom.
The London School of Economics (officially The London School of Economics and Political Science, often referred to as LSE) is a public research university located in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (informally the LSHTM) is a public research university on Keppel Street, Bloomsbury, Camden, London, and specialised in public health and tropical medicine and a constituent college of the University of London.
London Scottish Football Club is a rugby union club in England.
London Skolars R.L.F.C. are a professional rugby league club based at the New River Stadium, Wood Green, Haringey in north London.
London South Bank University (LSBU) is a public university in Newington, London.
London Southend Airport is an international airport in the district of Rochford within Essex, England, approximately from the centre of London.
London Stansted Airport is an international airport located at Stansted Mountfitchet in the district of Uttlesford in Essex, northeast of Central London and from the Hertfordshire border.
The London station group is a group of 18 railway stations served by the National Rail network in central London.
London stock brick is the type of handmade brick which was used for the majority of building work in London and South East England until the growth in the use of Flettons and other machine-made bricks in the early 20th century.
The London Stock Exchange (LSE) is a stock exchange located in the City of London, England.
The London Symphony Chorus (abbreviated to LSC) is a large symphonic concert choir based in London, UK, consisting of over 150 amateur singers, and is one of the major symphony choruses of the United Kingdom.
The London Symphony Orchestra (LSO), founded in 1904, is the oldest of London's symphony orchestras.
London Transport (LT) was the public name and brand used by a series of public transport authorities in London, England, from 1933.
The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.
Waterloo East railway station, also known as London Waterloo East, is a railway station in central London on the line from through London Bridge towards Kent, in the south-east of England.
Waterloo station, also known as London Waterloo, is a central London terminus on the National Rail network in the United Kingdom, located in the Waterloo area of the London Borough of Lambeth.
London Welsh Rugby Football Club (Clwb Rygbi Cymry Llundain) was a professional rugby union club formed in 1885.
London Zoo is the world's oldest scientific zoo.
London's Air Ambulance is a British registered charity that operates a Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS), dedicated to responding to serious trauma emergencies in and around London.
The London New Year's Day Parade also known as "LNYDP" is an annual parade through the streets of the West End of London on 1 January.
A long-distance trail (or long-distance track, path, footpath or greenway) is a longer recreational trail mainly through rural areas, used for non-motorized recreational walking, backpacking, cycling, horse riding or cross-country skiing.
Longitude, is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east-west position of a point on the Earth's surface.
The Lord Mayor of London is the City of London's mayor and leader of the City of London Corporation.
The Lord Mayor's Show is one of the best-known annual events in London as well as one of the longest-established, dating back to the 16th century.
Lord's Cricket Ground, commonly known simply as Lord's, is a cricket venue in St John's Wood, London.
Love Actually is a 2003 Christmas-themed romantic comedy film written and directed by Richard Curtis.
Lovebox is a two-day music festival.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
The Lower Lea Valley is the southern end of the Lea Valley which surrounds the River Lea.
The lowest bridging point is the location on a river which is crossed by a bridge at its closest point to the sea.
The LSBF Group is a UK-based group of private for-profit educational institutions whose "hub" institution is the London School of Business and Finance (LSBF).
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
London Luton Airport, previously called Luton International Airport, is an international airport located east of the town centre in the Borough of Luton in Bedfordshire, England, and is north of Central London.
The M1 is a motorway in England connecting London to Leeds, where it joins the A1(M) near Aberford, to connect to Newcastle.
The M25 or London Orbital Motorway is a motorway that encircles almost all of Greater London, England (with the exception of North Ockendon), in the United Kingdom.
Madame Tussauds is a wax museum in London with smaller museums in a number of other major cities.
Madness are an English ska band from Camden Town, north London, who formed in 1976.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Manuel "Manolo" Blahnik Rodríguez (born 27 November 1942), is a Spanish fashion designer and founder of the eponymous high-end shoe brand.
Marble Arch is a 19th-century white marble faced triumphal arch in London, England.
A marsh is a wetland that is dominated by herbaceous rather than woody plant species.
Mary Poppins is a 1964 American musical-fantasy film directed by Robert Stevenson and produced by Walt Disney, with songs written and composed by the Sherman Brothers.
Mayfair is an affluent area in the West End of London towards the east edge of Hyde Park, in the City of Westminster, between Oxford Street, Regent Street, Piccadilly and Park Lane.
The Mayor of London is the head of the executive body of the Greater London Authority.
The Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime (MOPAC) is a functional body of the Greater London Authority responsible for oversight of the Metropolitan Police.
McFly were an English band formed in London in 2003.
London is a major international communications centre with a virtually unrivalled number of media outlets.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
A medium-capacity system (MCS) is a rail transport system with a capacity greater than light rail, but less than typical heavy-rail rapid transit.
Melanism is a development of the dark-colored pigment melanin in the skin or its appendages and is the opposite of albinism.
Mercantilism is a national economic policy designed to maximize the trade of a nation and, historically, to maximize the accumulation of gold and silver (as well as crops).
A metro station or subway station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, which as a whole is usually called a "metro" or "subway".
A metropolis is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications.
The Metropolitan Board of Works (MBW) was the principal instrument of London-wide government from December 1855 until the establishment of the London County Council in March 1889.
The term metropolitan borough was used from 1900 to 1965, for the subdivisions of the County of London and were created by the London Government Act 1899.
The Metropolitan Green Belt is a statutory green belt around London, England.
The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), commonly known as the Metropolitan Police and informally as the Met, is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement in Greater London, excluding the "square mile" of the City of London, which is the responsibility of the City of London Police.
Sir Michael Caine (born Maurice Joseph Micklewhite Jr., 14 March 1933) is an English actor, producer, and author.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Middlesex (abbreviation: Middx) is an historic county in south-east England.
Middlesex County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales.
Middlesex University London is a public university in Hendon, north west London, England.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
The Millennium Bridge, officially known as the London Millennium Footbridge, is a steel suspension bridge for pedestrians crossing the River Thames in London, England, linking Bankside with the City of London.
The Millennium Dome, also referred to simply as The Dome, is the original name of a large dome-shaped building, originally used to house the Millennium Experience, a major exhibition celebrating the beginning of the third millennium.
Millwall Football Club is a professional football club in Bermondsey, South East London, England.
The Minister for London is a United Kingdom Government ministerial post in the Department for Communities and Local Government.
The Ministry of Defence Police (MDP) is a civilian special police force which is part of the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defence.
Mixed is an ethnicity category that has been used by the United Kingdom's Office for National Statistics since the 1991 Census.
Moulding (also spelled molding in the United States though usually not within the industry), also known as coving (United Kingdom, Australia), is a strip of material with various profiles used to cover transitions between surfaces or for decoration.
Moles are small mammals adapted to a subterranean lifestyle (i.e., fossorial).
The Monument to the Great Fire of London, more commonly known simply as the Monument, is a Doric column in the City of London, near the northern end of London Bridge, that commemorates the Great Fire of London.
Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes.
Multicultural London English (abbreviated MLE) is a sociolect of English that emerged in the late 20th century.
Mumford & Sons are a British band formed in 2007.
Muntjacs, also known as barking deer and Mastreani deer, are small deer of the genus Muntiacus.
The Museum of London documents the history of the English capital city from prehistoric to modern times.
A music festival is a community event oriented towards live performances of singing and instrument playing that is often presented with a theme such as musical genre (e.g., blues, folk, jazz, classical music), nationality, or locality of musicians, or holiday.
A music school is an educational institution specialized in the study, training, and research of music.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
My Fair Lady is a 1964 American musical film adapted from the Lerner and Loewe eponymous stage musical based on the 1913 stage play Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw.
Mynors Bright (1818–1883) was an English academic, president of Magdalene College, Cambridge, from 1853 to 1873.
The Romani people are also known by a variety of other names; in English as gypsies or gipsies (seen by some as a slur, as discussed below) and Roma, in Greek as γύφτοι (gíftoi) or τσιγγάνοι (tsingánoi), in Central and Eastern Europe as Tsingani (and variants), in France as gitans besides the dated bohémiens, manouches, in Italy as zingari and gitani, in Spain as gitanos, and in Portugal as ciganos.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
The National Centre for Circus Arts (formerly the Circus Space), is a professional circus school in the Hoxton area of London that offers one of the UK's only university degree programmes in circus.
The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, in Central London.
National Grid plc is a British multinational electricity and gas utility company headquartered in Warwick, United Kingdom.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.
Nature reserves deemed to be of national importance, or controlled by a national-level body may be known as national nature reserves.
The National Portrait Gallery (NPG) is an art gallery in London housing a collection of portraits of historically important and famous British people.
National Rail (NR) in the United Kingdom is the trading name licensed for use by the Rail Delivery Group, an unincorporated association whose membership consists of the passenger train operating companies (TOCs) of England, Scotland, and Wales.
The Natural History Museum in London is a natural history museum that exhibits a vast range of specimens from various segments of natural history.
A body of water, such as a river, canal or lake, is navigable if it is deep, wide and slow enough for a vessel to pass or walk.
Nelson's Column is a monument in Trafalgar Square in central London built to commemorate Admiral Horatio Nelson, who died at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The New Model Army of England was formed in 1645 by the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War, and was disbanded in 1660 after the Restoration.
The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.
Newham College is a college in the London Borough of Newham, United Kingdom.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
The Night Ferry was an international sleeper train between London Victoria and Paris Gare du Nord (and later also Brussels).
Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner (30 January 1902 – 18 August 1983) was a German, later British scholar of the history of art, and especially that of architecture.
The North Circular Road (officially the A406 and sometimes known as simply the North Circular or "North Circ". Two sections at its eastern end are designated A1020 and A117) is a ring road around Central London in England.
North Greenwich Pier is a pier on the River Thames, London, UK.
North London is the northern part of London, England.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
The northern crested newt, also known as the great crested newt or warty newt (Triturus cristatus) is a newt in the family Salamandridae, found across Europe and parts of Asia.
Notting Hill is a 1999 British romantic comedy film set in Notting Hill, London, released on 21 May 1999.
The Notting Hill Carnival is an annual event that has taken place in London since 1966, Notting Hill Carnival '13, London Notting Hill Enterprises Trust.
Nuclear reprocessing technology was developed to chemically separate and recover fissionable plutonium from spent nuclear fuel.
In the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) codes of the United Kingdom (UK), the three levels are.
Nylonkong, a contraction of New York–London–Hong Kong, is a neologism coined to link New York City, London and Hong Kong as the eperopolis of the Americas, Euro-Africa, and Asia-Pacific that first appeared in the magazine Time in 2008.
The O2 Academy, Brixton, is one of London's leading music venues, nightclubs and theatres.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the executive office of the UK Statistics Authority, a non-ministerial department which reports directly to the UK Parliament.
The Central Criminal Court of England and Wales, commonly referred to as the Old Bailey from the street on which it stands, is a court in London and one of a number of buildings housing the Crown Court.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Old European (Alteuropäisch) is the term used by Hans Krahe (1964) for the language of the oldest reconstructed stratum of European hydronymy (river names) in Central and Western Europe.
Oliver Twist is a 1948 British film and the second of David Lean's two film adaptations of Charles Dickens novels.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
One Canada Square, sometimes called Canary Wharf Tower or simply Canary Wharf, is a skyscraper in Canary Wharf, London.
One Direction are an English-Irish pop boy band based in London, composed of Niall Horan, Liam Payne, Harry Styles, Louis Tomlinson, and, until his departure from the band in 2015, Zayn Malik.
The term Other White is a classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom and has been used in documents such as the 2011 UK Census to describe people who self-identify as white persons who are not of the English, Welsh, Scottish or Irish ethnic groupings.
Outer London is the name for the group of London Boroughs that form a ring around Inner London.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to England: England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to London: London – capital and most populous city of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom.
Oxford Street is a major road in the City of Westminster in the West End of London, running from Tottenham Court Road to Marble Arch via Oxford Circus.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The palmate newt (Lissotriton helveticus) is a species of newt found in most of Western Europe, including Great Britain.
Paloma Faith Blomfield (born 21 July 1981), known professionally as Paloma Faith, is an English singer, songwriter, and actress.
Park Lane is a major road in the City of Westminster, in Central London.
Parliament Hill is an area of open parkland in the south-east corner of Hampstead Heath in north-west London.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
Pea soup, or a pea souper, also known as a black fog, killer fog or smog is a very thick and often yellowish, greenish, or blackish fog caused by air pollution that contains soot particulates and the poisonous gas sulphur dioxide.
The Peasants' Revolt, also called Wat Tyler's Rebellion or the Great Rising, was a major uprising across large parts of England in 1381.
The Pet Shop Boys are an English synthpop duo, formed in London in 1981 and consisting of Neil Tennant (lead vocals, keyboards, occasional guitar) and Chris Lowe (keyboards, vocals).
Peter Ackroyd, (born 5 October 1949) is an English biographer, novelist and critic with a particular interest in the history and culture of London.
Peter Pan is a 1953 American animated fantasy adventure film produced by Walt Disney and based on the play Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up by J. M. Barrie.
Peter Schrijver (born 1963 in Delft), is a Dutch linguist and a professor of Celtic languages (Welsh, Cornish, Breton, Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Manx and Continental Celtic) at Utrecht University and a researcher of ancient Indo-European linguistics.
Philip David Charles Collins (born 30 January 1951) is an English drummer, singer-songwriter, record producer and actor.
Piccadilly Circus is a road junction and public space of London's West End in the City of Westminster.
Pinewood Studios is a British film and television studio located in Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire, about from Slough, from Uxbridge, and approximately west of central London.
Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London in 1965.
Pinnipeds, commonly known as seals, are a widely distributed and diverse clade of carnivorous, fin-footed, semiaquatic marine mammals.
The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through organ pipes selected via a keyboard.
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
The Port of Felixstowe, in Felixstowe, Suffolk is the United Kingdom's busiest container port, dealing with 42% of Britain's containerised trade.
The Port of London lies along the banks of the River Thames from the capital to the North Sea.
The Port of London Authority (PLA) is a self-funding public trust established by the Port of London Act 1908 to govern the Port of London.
The Port of Tilbury is located on the River Thames at Tilbury in Essex, England.
Portland stone is a limestone from the Tithonian stage of the Jurassic period quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset.
Post-glacial rebound (also called isostatic rebound or crustal rebound) is the rise of land masses after the lifting of the huge weight of ice sheets during the last glacial period, which had caused isostatic depression.
Post-production is part of the process of filmmaking, video production, and photography.
Postal codes used in the United Kingdom are known as postcodes (originally postal codes).
The Premier League is the top level of the English football league system.
A premiere or première is the debut (first public presentation) of a play, film, dance, or musical composition.
Premiership Rugby (officially known as Gallagher Premiership Rugby, or the Gallagher Premiership due to sponsorship reasons) is an English professional rugby union competition.
PricewaterhouseCoopers (doing business as PwC) is a multinational professional services network headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
A prime meridian is a meridian (a line of longitude) in a geographic coordinate system at which longitude is defined to be 0°.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Primrose Hill is a hill of Mills, A., Dictionary of London Place Names, (2001) located on the northern side of Regent's Park in London, and also the name was given to the surrounding district.
A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.
Professional services are occupations in the tertiary sector of the economy requiring special training in the arts or sciences.
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA or Provisional IRA) was an Irish republican revolutionary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate the reunification of Ireland and bring about an independent socialist republic encompassing all of Ireland.
Psychogeography is an exploration of urban environments that emphasizes playfulness and "drifting".
Punk rock (or "punk") is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.
Putney is a district in south-west London, England in the London Borough of Wandsworth.
QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS).
Queen are a British rock band that formed in London in 1970.
Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, in London, United Kingdom, is a sporting complex built for the 2012 Summer Olympics and the 2012 Summer Paralympics, situated to the east of the city adjacent to the Stratford City development.
Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The Queen's Official Birthday, or the King's Official Birthday, is the selected day in some Commonwealth realms on which the birthday of the monarch (currently Elizabeth II) is officially celebrated in those countries.
Queens Park Rangers Football Club, commonly abbreviated to QPR, is a professional association football club based in White City, London.
Radioactive waste is waste that contains radioactive material.
Rail freight transport is the use of railroads and trains to transport cargo as opposed to human passengers.
Rambert Dance Company is a leading British dance company.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
Reading is a large, historically important minster town in Berkshire, England, of which it is the county town.
Received Pronunciation (RP) is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales.
The red deer (Cervus elaphus) is one of the largest deer species.
The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest of the true foxes and one of the most widely distributed members of the order Carnivora, being present across the entire Northern Hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, North America and Eurasia.
Regent's Park (officially The Regent's Park) is one of the Royal Parks of London.
Regent's University London is a private non-profit university located in London, United Kingdom.
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
The regions of England, formerly known as the government office regions, are the highest tier of sub-national division in England.
London has centres of worship for a multitude of faiths.
The Republic of Ragusa was a maritime republic centered on the city of Dubrovnik (Ragusa in Italian, German and Latin; Raguse in French) in Dalmatia (today in southernmost Croatia) that carried that name from 1358 until 1808.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
The RFU Championship, known for sponsorship reasons as the Greene King IPA Championship from 2013–14, is the second tier of the English rugby union league system and was founded in September 1987.
Richard Coates (born 16 April 1949, in Grimsby, Lincolnshire, and educated at Wintringham School) is an English linguist.
Richmond Football Club is a rugby union club from Richmond, London.
Richmond Park, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, was created by Charles I in the 17th century as a deer park.
Richmond, The American International University in London, is a private non-profit, American liberal arts and business studies university located in London, United Kingdom, and established in 1972.
The River Effra is a converted river or former large stream in south London, England, mainly underground.
The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.
The River Wandle is the largest river of the south southwest sector of London, England.
Robert Hooke FRS (– 3 March 1703) was an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath.
Sir Roderick David Stewart, (born 10 January 1945) is a British rock singer and songwriter.
Roman Britain (Britannia or, later, Britanniae, "the Britains") was the area of the island of Great Britain that was governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 410 AD.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.
Rosslyn Park Football Club is a rugby union club based in London.
Roundheads were supporters of the Parliament of England during the English Civil War.
The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) is a drama school in London, England that provides training for film, television and theatre.
The Royal Academy of Music in London, England, is the oldest conservatoire in the UK, founded in 1822 by John Fane and Nicolas Bochsa.
The Royal Albert Hall is a concert hall on the northern edge of South Kensington, London, which has held the Proms concerts annually each summer since 1941.
The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (RBKC) is an inner London borough of royal status.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (brand name Kew) is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
The Royal Central School of Speech & Drama was founded by Elsie Fogerty in 1906 to offer a new form of training in speech and drama for young actors and other students.
The Royal College of Art (RCA) is a public research university in London, in the United Kingdom.
The Royal College of Music is a conservatoire established by royal charter in 1882, located in South Kensington, London, UK.
Royal Docks is an area and a ward in the London Borough of Newham in the London Docklands in East London, England.
The Royal Exchange in London was founded in the 16th century by the merchant Thomas Gresham on the suggestion of his factor Richard Clough to act as a centre of commerce for the City of London.
Royal Holloway, University of London (RHUL), formally incorporated as Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, is a public research university and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) is the largest charity that saves lives at sea around the coasts of the UK, the Republic of Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man as well as on some inland waterways.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Observatory, Greenwich (ROG; known as the Old Royal Observatory from 1957 to 1998, when the working Royal Greenwich Observatory, RGO, moved from Greenwich to Herstmonceux) is an observatory situated on a hill in Greenwich Park, overlooking the River Thames.
The Royal Opera House (ROH) is an opera house and major performing arts venue in Covent Garden, central London.
The Royal Parks of London are lands originally owned by the monarchy of the United Kingdom for the recreation, mostly hunting, of the royal family.
The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra (RPO), based in London, was formed by Sir Thomas Beecham in 1946.
The Royal Veterinary College (informally the RVC) is a Veterinary school located in London and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Ryanair is an Irish low-cost airline founded in 1984, headquartered in Swords, Dublin, Ireland, with its primary operational bases at Dublin and London Stansted airports.
Sade are an English band, formed in London in 1982, and named after their lead singer, Sade Adu.
Sadiq Aman Khan (born 8 October 1970) is a British politician serving as Mayor of London since 2016.
Sadler's Wells Theatre is a performing arts venue in Clerkenwell, London, England located on Rosebery Avenue.
Samuel Frederick Smith (born 19 May 1992) is an English singer-songwriter.
Samuel Johnson LL.D. (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr.
Samuel Pepys (23 February 1633 – 26 May 1703) was an administrator of the navy of England and Member of Parliament who is most famous for the diary he kept for a decade while still a relatively young man.
Santander Cycles (formerly Barclays Cycle Hire) is a public bicycle hire scheme in London, United Kingdom.
Saracens Football Club are an English professional rugby union team based in London, England.
Schiller International University is a for profit private American university with its main campus and administrative headquarters in Largo, Florida, United States.
The Science Museum is a major museum on Exhibition Road in South Kensington, London.
Scrooge is a 1951 British fantasy drama film and an adaptation of Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol (1843).
Henry Olusegun Adeola Samuel (born 19 February 1963), known professionally as Seal, is an English singer and songwriter.
The Second Barons' War (1264–1267) was a civil war in England between the forces of a number of barons led by Simon de Montfort against the royalist forces of King Henry III, led initially by the king himself and later by his son Prince Edward, the future King Edward I. The war featured a series of massacres of Jews by Montfort's supporters including his sons Henry and Simon, in attacks aimed at seizing and destroying evidence of Baronial debts.
Selfridges, also known as Selfridges & Co., is a chain of high end department stores in the United Kingdom, operated by Selfridges Retail Limited.
Sellafield is a nuclear fuel reprocessing and nuclear decommissioning site, close to the village of Seascale on the coast of the Irish Sea in Cumbria, England.
Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or Sephardim (סְפָרַדִּים, Modern Hebrew: Sefaraddim, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddîm; also Ye'hude Sepharad, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), originally from Sepharad, Spain or the Iberian peninsula, are a Jewish ethnic division.
The Sex Pistols were an English punk rock band that formed in London in 1975.
SGN (previously known as Scotia Gas Networks) is a UK gas distribution company which manages the network that distributes natural and green gas to 5.9 million homes and businesses across Scotland and the south of England.
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England.
Shepherd's Bush Empire (currently known as O2 Shepherd's Bush Empire for sponsorship reasons, and formerly called BBC Television Theatre) is a music venue in Shepherd's Bush, London, run by the Academy Music Group.
Shepperton Studios is a film studio located in Shepperton, Surrey, England with a history dating back to 1931.
Sherlock Holmes is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
A shrew (family Soricidae) is a small mole-like mammal classified in the order Eulipotyphla.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (– 4 August 1265), also called Simon de Munford and sometimes referred to as Simon V de Montfort to distinguish him from other Simons de Montfort, was a French-English nobleman who inherited the title and estates of the earldom of Leicester in England.
Siouxsie and the Banshees were an English rock band, formed in London in 1976 by vocalist Siouxsie Sioux and bass guitarist Steven Severin.
A Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) in Great Britain or an Area of Special Scientific Interest (ASSI) in the Isle of Man and Northern Ireland is a conservation designation denoting a protected area in the United Kingdom and Isle of Man.
Small Faces were an English rock band from East London.
The smooth newt, also known as the common newt (Lissotriton vulgaris; formerly Triturus vulgaris) is a species of amphibian, the most common newt of the genus Lissotriton.
SOAS University of London (the School of Oriental and African Studies), is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
A sobriquet or soubriquet is a nickname, sometimes assumed, but often given by another.
Social work is an academic discipline and profession that concerns itself with individuals, families, groups and communities in an effort to enhance social functioning and overall well-being.
Soho is an area of the City of Westminster, part of the West End of London.
Somers Town is a district in north west London.
Somerset House is a large Neoclassical building situated on the south side of the Strand in central London, overlooking the River Thames, just east of Waterloo Bridge.
South Bank is an entertainment and commercial district in central London, next to the River Thames opposite the City of Westminster.
The South Circular Road (formally the A205 and often simply called the South Circular) in south London, England, is a major road that runs from the Woolwich Ferry in the east to the Chiswick Flyover in the west via Catford, Dulwich, Clapham Common, Wandsworth and Kew Bridge.
South East England is the most populous of the nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
The South East London Green Chain, also known as the Green Chain Walk is a linked system of open spaces between the River Thames and Crystal Palace Park in London, England.
The South Eastern Railway (SER) was a railway company in south-eastern England from 1836 until 1922.
South Kensington is an affluent district of West London in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
South London is the southern part of London, England, south of the River Thames, and includes the historic districts of Southwark, Lambeth, Bankside and Greenwich.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
Southbank Centre is a complex of artistic venues in London, England, on the South Bank of the River Thames (between Hungerford Bridge and Waterloo Bridge).
London & South Eastern Railway Limited, trading as Southeastern, is a British train operating company owned by the Anglo-French joint venture Govia that provides rail services in South East England.
Southwark is a district of Central London and part of the London Borough of Southwark.
Southwark Cathedral or The Cathedral and Collegiate Church of St Saviour and St Mary Overie, Southwark, London, lies on the south bank of the River Thames close to London Bridge.
Spandau Ballet are an English band formed in Islington, London in 1979.
Special effects (often abbreviated as SFX, SPFX, or simply FX) are illusions or visual tricks used in the film, television, theatre, video game and simulator industries to simulate the imagined events in a story or virtual world.
The Spice Girls are an English pop girl group formed in 1994.
In London, a diverse array of athletics stretching from Football to Tennis have further granted its city the spotlight throughout the world.
St George's, University of London (legal name St George's Hospital Medical School, informally St George's or SGUL), is a medical school located in Tooting in South London and is a constituent college of the University of London.
St James's Park is a park in the City of Westminster, central London.
St John's Wood is a district of northwest London, of which more than 98 percent lies in the City of Westminster and less than two percent in Camden.
The Church of St Margaret, Westminster Abbey, is situated in the grounds of Westminster Abbey on Parliament Square, and is the Anglican parish church of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom in London.
St Martin-in-the-Fields is an English Anglican church at the north-east corner of Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, London.
St Pancras railway station, also known as London St Pancras and officially since 2007 as St Pancras International, is a central London railway terminus located on Euston Road in the London Borough of Camden.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
St Paul's School is a selective independent school for boys aged 13–18, founded in 1509 by John Colet and located on a 43-acre (180,000m2) site by the River Thames, in Barnes, London.
Stamford Hill is a district in the London Borough of Hackney in north-east London, England, located about 5.5 miles north-east of Charing Cross.
Stanmore is a suburban residential district of northwest London in the London Borough of Harrow.
Stanmore and Canons Park Synagogue has the largest community of any single Orthodox synagogue in the whole of Europe as of 2012.
Status Quo are an English rock band who play a brand of boogie rock.
A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a city, state, or country.
The Steelyard, from the Middle Low German Stalhof, was the main trading base (kontor) of the Hanseatic League in London during 15th and 16th centuries.
Stella Nina McCartney, OBE (born 13 September 1971) is an English fashion designer.
The Strait of Gibraltar (مضيق جبل طارق, Estrecho de Gibraltar) is a narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Gibraltar and Peninsular Spain in Europe from Morocco and Ceuta (Spain) in Africa.
Stucco or render is a material made of aggregates, a binder and water.
The subterranean or underground rivers of London are the tributaries of the River Thames and River Lea that were built over during the growth of the metropolis of London.
The Summer Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques d'été) or the Games of the Olympiad, first held in 1896, is an international multi-sport event that is hosted by a different city every four years.
A supermoon is a full moon or a new moon that approximately coincides with the closest distance that the Moon reaches to Earth in its elliptic orbit, resulting in a slightly larger-than-usual apparent size of the lunar disk as seen from Earth.
Surrey is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties.
Surrey County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales.
Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street is a 1979 musical thriller with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and book by Hugh Wheeler.
Swinging Sixties was a youth-driven cultural revolution that took place in the UK during the mid-to-late 1960s, emphasising modernity and fun-loving hedonism, with Swinging London as its epicentre.
Tate Britain (known from 1897 to 1932 as the National Gallery of British Art and from 1932 to 2000 as the Tate Gallery) is an art museum on Millbank in the City of Westminster in London.
Tate Modern is a modern art gallery located in London.
Teddington Lock is a complex of three locks and a weir on the River Thames in England between Ham and Teddington in south-west London, first built in 1810.
A telephone numbering plan is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints.
Television Centre is a building complex in White City, West London that was the headquarters of BBC Television between 1960 and 2013.
Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket and is considered its highest standard.
The Thames Barrier prevents the floodplain of most of Greater London from being flooded by exceptionally high tides and storm surges moving up from the North Sea.
Thames Clippers (styled as MBNA Thames Clippers) is a river bus service on the River Thames in London.
The Thames Embankment is a work of 19th-century civil engineering that reclaimed marshy land next to the River Thames in central London.
The Thames Gateway is an area of land stretching east from inner east London on both sides of the River Thames and the Thames Estuary.
The Thames Path is a National Trail following the River Thames from its source near Kemble in Gloucestershire to the Thames Barrier at Charlton, south east London.
The Thames Valley is an informally-defined sub-region of South East England, centred on the River Thames west of London, with Oxford as a major centre.
Thameslink is a 24 hour, 115-station main-line route in the British railway system running from,, and via central London to Sutton,, and.
The Alchemist is a comedy by English playwright Ben Jonson.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The Blitz was a German bombing offensive against Britain in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War.
The Boat Race is an annual rowing race between the Oxford University Boat Club and the Cambridge University Boat Club, rowed between men's and women's open-weight eights on the River Thames in London, England.
The Canterbury Tales (Tales of Caunterbury) is a collection of 24 stories that runs to over 17,000 lines written in Middle English by Geoffrey Chaucer between 1387 and 1400.
The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is widely regarded as the most prestigious.
The Clash were an English rock band formed in London in 1976 as a key player in the original wave of British punk rock.
The Croydon Advertiser (with locally branded editions) is a paid-for weekly newspaper with five editions covering the London Boroughs of Croydon, Sutton and two neighbouring towns and with a free up-to-the-minute maintained web presence.
The Cure are an English rock band formed in Crawley, West Sussex, in 1976.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Jam were an English mod revival/punk rock band during the 1970s and early 1980s, which formed in 1972 at Sheerwater Secondary School in Woking, in the county of Surrey.
The John Lyon School (formerly The Lower School of John Lyon) is an academically selective independent boys' school in Harrow on the Hill, Middlesex, England.
The King's Speech is a 2010 British historical drama film directed by Tom Hooper and written by David Seidler.
The Kinks are an English rock band formed in Muswell Hill, North London, in 1964 by brothers Ray and Dave Davies.
The London Studios (also known as The South Bank Studios, The London Television Centre, ITV Towers and Kent House) in Waterloo, Central London was a television studio complex owned by ITV plc and originally built for London Weekend Television.
The Londoner was a newsletter in the style of a newspaper published by the Mayor of London and delivered free to most households in Greater London, United Kingdom.
The Long Good Friday is a British gangster film starring Bob Hoskins and Helen Mirren.
The Mammal Society is a British charity devoted to the research and conservation of British mammals.
The O2 is a large entertainment district on the Greenwich peninsula in South East London, England, including an indoor arena, a music club, a Cineworld cinema, an exhibition space, piazzas, bars and restaurants.
The O2 Arena (temporarily the sponsor-neutral "North Greenwich Arena", during the 2012 Summer Olympics and 2012 Summer Paralympics) is a multi-purpose indoor arena located in the centre of The O2 entertainment complex on the Greenwich Peninsula in south east London.
The Oval, currently known for sponsorship reasons as the Kia Oval, is an international cricket ground in Kennington, in the London Borough of Lambeth, South London.
The Police were a British rock band formed in London in 1977.
The Prodigy are an English electronic dance music group from Braintree, Essex, formed in 1990 by keyboardist and songwriter Liam Howlett.
The Proms is an eight-week summer season of daily orchestral classical music concerts and other events held annually, predominantly in the Royal Albert Hall in central London.
The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London, England, in 1962.
The Royal Ballet is an internationally renowned classical ballet company, based at the Royal Opera House in Covent Garden, London, England.
The Royal Opera is a company based in central London, resident at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
The Royal Parks is a charity which manages the eight Royal Parks and certain other areas of garden and parkland in London.
The Shard, also referred to as the Shard of Glass, Shard London Bridge and formerly London Bridge Tower, is a 95-story skyscraper, designed by the Italian architect Renzo Piano, in Southwark, London, that forms part of the Shard Quarter development.
The Tabard was a historic inn that stood on the east side of Borough High Street in Southwark.
The Troubles (Na Trioblóidí) was an ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century.
The Who are an English rock band formed in 1964.
Theydon Bois is a large residential village and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of the county of Essex, England.
Thomas Wolsey (c. March 1473 – 29 November 1530; sometimes spelled Woolsey or Wulcy) was an English churchman, statesman and a cardinal of the Catholic Church.
Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of Earth.
The Tideway is the part of the River Thames in England that is subject to tides.
Toad is a common name for certain frogs, especially of the family Bufonidae, that are characterized by dry, leathery skin, short legs, and large bumps covering the parotoid glands.
Edward Thomas Hardy, CBE (born 15 September 1977) is an English actor and producer.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
Tottenham Hotspur Football Club, commonly referred to simply as Tottenham or Spurs, is an English football club in Tottenham, London, England, that competes in the Premier League.
A tourist attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit, typically for its inherent or exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, offering leisure and amusement.
Tower 42 is the third-tallest skyscraper in the City of London, England and the eighth-tallest in Greater London.
Tower Bridge is a combined bascule and suspension bridge in London built between 1886 and 1894.
Tower Hamlets College (THC) was a large technologically advanced further education college in London Borough of Tower Hamlets, England.
The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.
Trafalgar Square is a public square in the City of Westminster, Central London, built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross.
Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.
Trailfinders Sports Ground is a rugby ground in the West Ealing area of London, England.
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility or area where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.
Tramlink is a light rail tram system serving Croydon and surrounding areas in South London, England.
Transport for London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for the transport system in Greater London, England.
This article lists the tributaries of the River Thames from the sea to the source, in England.
Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance is a music and dance conservatoire based in London, England.
TripAdvisor, Inc. is an American travel and restaurant website company providing hotel and restaurant reviews, accommodation bookings and other travel-related content.
Trooping the Colour is a ceremony performed by regiments of the British and Commonwealth armies.
The Tudor architectural style is the final development of Medieval architecture in England, during the Tudor period (1485–1603) and even beyond, and also the tentative introduction of Renaissance architecture to England.
The Tudor period is the period between 1485 and 1603 in England and Wales and includes the Elizabethan period during the reign of Elizabeth I until 1603.
Twickenham Stadium (usually known as Twickenham or Twickers) is a rugby union stadium in Twickenham, south west London, England.
Twickenham Studios (formerly known as Twickenham Film Studios) is a film studio in St Margarets, London, United Kingdom used by various motion picture and television companies.
UCL Medical School is the medical school of University College London (UCL) and is located in London, United Kingdom.
UCL Partners is an academic health science centre located in London, England.
The UCL School of Management is the business school of University College London (UCL) and is located in Canary Wharf and Bloomsbury, London.
UK garage (also known as UKG) is a genre of electronic music originating from England in the early 1990s.
UK Power Networks is a distribution network operator for electricity covering South East England, the East of England and London.
Ultra high-net-worth individuals (UHNWI) are defined as having a net worth of at least US$30 million in constant 2018 dollars.
Ultravox (earlier stylized as Ultravox!) were a British new wave band, formed in London in 1973 as Tiger Lily.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
United Hospitals is the historical collective name of the medical schools of London.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.
The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, also known as the EU referendum and the Brexit referendum, took place on 23 June 2016 in the United Kingdom (UK) and Gibraltar to gauge support for the country either remaining a member of, or leaving, the European Union (EU) under the provisions of the European Union Referendum Act 2015 and also the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000.
Universal Music Group (also known in the United States as UMG Recordings, Inc. and abbreviated as UMG) is an American global music corporation that is a subsidiary of the French media conglomerate Vivendi.
University admission or college admission is the process through which students enter tertiary education at universities and colleges.
University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
University College School, generally known as UCS Hampstead, is an independent day school in Frognal, northwest London, England.
The University of East London (UEL) is a public university in the London Borough of Newham, London, England, based at three campuses in Stratford and Docklands, following the opening of University Square Stratford in September 2013.
The University of London (abbreviated as Lond. or more rarely Londin. in post-nominals) is a collegiate and a federal research university located in London, England.
University of the Arts London is a collegiate university in London, England, specialising in arts, design, fashion and the performing arts.
The University of West London (UWL) is a public university in the United Kingdom which has campuses in Ealing and Brentford in London, as well as in Reading, Berkshire.
The University of Westminster is a public university in London, United Kingdom.
Urban contemporary is a music radio format.
An urban heat island (UHI) is an urban area or metropolitan area that is significantly warmer than its surrounding rural areas due to human activities.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
V for Vendetta is a 2005 dystopian political thriller film directed by James McTeigue and written by The Wachowski Brothers, based on the 1988 DC/Vertigo Comics limited series of the same name by Alan Moore and David Lloyd.
Vauxhall Bridge is a Grade II* listed steel and granite deck arch bridge in central London.
The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) in London is the world's largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 2.3 million objects.
Victoria Park (known colloquially as Vicky Park or the People's Park) is a park and neighbourhood in the East End of London, England.
Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Vikings (Old English: wicing—"pirate", Danish and vikinger; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of northern, central, eastern and western Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.
Vipera berus, the common European adderMallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. (2003).
Adeline Virginia Woolf (née Stephen; 25 January 188228 March 1941) was an English writer, who is considered one of the most important modernist 20th-century authors and a pioneer in the use of stream of consciousness as a narrative device.
Vivienne Isabel Westwood (née Swire; born 8 April 1941) is a British fashion designer and businesswoman, largely responsible for bringing modern punk and new wave fashions into the mainstream.
The viviparous lizard or common lizard, Zootoca vivipara (formerly Lacerta vivipara), is a Eurasian lizard.
A vole is a small rodent.
Walking is a popular recreational activity in London, despite traffic congestion.
The Wandle Trail is a walking and cycling trail that follows the River Wandle from Croydon to Wandsworth in south-west London.
Wapping is a district in London Docklands, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.
A ward is a local authority area, typically used for electoral purposes.
A warlord is a leader able to exercise military, economic, and political control over a subnational territory within a sovereign state due to their ability to mobilize loyal armed forces.
Warner Music Group (WMG, also referred to as Warner Music or WEA International) is an American multinational entertainment and record label conglomerate headquartered in New York City.
Greater London has a number of waste disposal authorities, responsible for waste collection and disposal.
A weasel is a mammal of the genus Mustela of the family Mustelidae.
Wellington Arch, also known as Constitution Arch or (originally) the Green Park Arch, is a triumphal arch forming a centrepiece of Hyde Park Corner in central London between corners of Hyde Park and Green Park — it sits on a large traffic island having crossings for pedestrian access.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
Wembley is an area of northwest London, England, and part of the London Borough of Brent.
Wembley Arena (originally the Empire Pool and, since 1 July 2014, currently known as The SSE Arena, Wembley for sponsorship reasons) is an indoor arena in Wembley, London.
Wembley Stadium is a football stadium in Wembley, London, England, which opened in 2007, on the site of the original Wembley Stadium, which was demolished from 2002–2003.
The original Wembley Stadium (formerly known as the Empire Stadium) was a football stadium in Wembley Park, London, which stood on the same site now occupied by its successor, the new Wembley Stadium.
Wessex (Westseaxna rīce, the "kingdom of the West Saxons") was an Anglo-Saxon kingdom in the south of Great Britain, from 519 until England was unified by Æthelstan in the early 10th century.
West Ealing is a district in the London Borough of Ealing, in west London.
The West End of London (commonly referred to as the West End) is an area of Central and West London in which many of the city's major tourist attractions, shops, businesses, government buildings and entertainment venues, including West End theatres, are concentrated.
West End theatre is a common term for mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres of "Theatreland" in and near the West End of London.
The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches of the Germanic family of languages (the others being the North Germanic and the extinct East Germanic languages).
West Ham United Football Club is a professional football club based in Stratford, East London, England.
West London is an official sub-region of Greater London; consisting of the London Boroughs of Brent, Ealing, Hammersmith and Fulham, Harrow, Hillingdon, Hounslow and Richmond upon Thames West London had a gross value added of £34.4bn in 2007, around 20% of the gross value added of Greater London.
West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove) to the east, Hampshire to the west and Surrey to the north, and to the south the English Channel.
Westcombe Park RFC is a rugby football club based in Orpington in south-east London.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
Westminster Cathedral, or the Metropolitan Cathedral of the Precious Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ, in London is the mother church of the Catholic Church in England and Wales.
Westminster School is an independent day and boarding school in London, England, located within the precincts of Westminster Abbey.
A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.
Wham! were an English musical duo formed by members George Michael and Andrew Ridgeley in 1981.
White British is an ethnicity classification used in the 2011 United Kingdom Census.
White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view, the term has at times been expanded to encompass certain persons of North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.
Whitechapel is a district in the East End of London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.
Whitehall is a road in the City of Westminster, Central London, which forms the first part of the A3212 road from Trafalgar Square to Chelsea.
William II (Old Norman: Williame; – 2 August 1100), the third son of William the Conqueror, was King of England from 1087 until 1100, with powers over Normandy, and influence in Scotland.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.
The Willis Building is a commercial skyscraper in London named after the primary tenant, Willis Group.
Wimbledon Common is a large open space in Wimbledon, southwest London, totalling 460 hectares (1,140 acres).
Wimbledon WIMBLESON is a district of southwest London, England, south-west of the centre of London at Charing Cross, in the London Borough of Merton, south of Wandsworth, northeast of New Malden, northwest of Mitcham, west of Streatham and north of Sutton.
Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire, England.
The Wireless Festival is a music festival in England that takes place every year in London, took place at Harewood House, Leeds in 2006 and 2007, and took place in Perry Park, Birmingham in 2014.
Wood Green is a suburban district of north London, England, within the London Borough of Haringey.
The wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) is a common murid rodent from Europe and northwestern Africa.
Woolen (American English) or woollen (Commonwealth English) is a type of yarn made from carded wool.
Woolwich is a district of south-east London, England, within the Royal Borough of Greenwich.
The Woolwich Ferry is a free vehicle ferry service across the River Thames in East London, connecting Woolwich to the south with North Woolwich to the north.
Working Title Films Limited is a British film and television production company, owned by Universal Studios.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The yellow-necked mouse (Apodemus flavicollis), also called yellow-necked field mouse, yellow-necked wood mouse, and South China field mouse, is closely related to the wood mouse, with which it was long confused.
Youth culture is the way adolescents live, and the norms, values, and practices they share.
Z/Yen is a commercial think-tank, consultancy and venture firm headquartered in the City of London.
.london is a top-level domain (TLD) for London, England.
10 Downing Street, colloquially known in the United Kingdom as Number 10, is the headquarters of the Government of the United Kingdom and the official residence and office of the First Lord of the Treasury, a post which, for much of the 18th and 19th centuries and invariably since 1905, has been held by the Prime Minister.
101 Dalmatians is a 1996 American live-action comedy adventure film based on Walt Disney's animated 1961 movie adaptation of Dodie Smith's 1956 novel The Hundred and One Dalmatians. Directed by Stephen Herek and co-produced by John Hughes and Ricardo Mestres, it stars Glenn Close, Jeff Daniels, Joely Richardson, Joan Plowright, Hugh Laurie, Mark Williams and Tim McInnerny.
122 Leadenhall Street is an address in Leadenhall Street in London where the 225 m (737 ft) tall Leadenhall Building is located.
The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the IV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in 1908 in London, United Kingdom from 27 April to 31 October 1908.
The 1934 British Empire Games were the second of what is now known as the Commonwealth Games, held in England, from 4–11 August 1934.
The 1948 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was held in London, United Kingdom.
The 1966 FIFA World Cup Final was the final match in the 1966 FIFA World Cup, the eighth football World Cup.
The 1973 Old Bailey bombing was a car bomb attack carried out by the Provisional IRA (PIRA) which took place outside the Old Bailey Courthouse on 8 March 1973.
The 1981 Brixton riot, or Brixton uprising, was a confrontation between the Metropolitan Police and protesters in Lambeth, South London, England, between 10 and 12 April 1981.
20 Fenchurch Street is a commercial skyscraper in London that takes its name from its address on Fenchurch Street, in the historic City of London financial district.
The 2003 European heat wave led to the hottest summer on record in Europe since at least 1540.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
The 2017 IAAF World Championships was the 16th edition of the global athletics competition organised by the International Association of Athletics Federations and was held in London from 4 to 13 August 2017.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
30 St Mary Axe (informally known as the Gherkin and previously as the Swiss Re Building) is a commercial skyscraper in London's primary financial district, the City of London.
The 7 July 2005 London bombings, often referred to as 7/7, were a series of coordinated terrorist suicide attacks in London, United Kingdom, which targeted commuters travelling on the city's public transport system during the morning rush hour.
Capital of England, Capital of the UK, Capital of the United Kingdom, Climate in London, England London, GBLON, LONDON, Llundain, Lodnon, London (Britain), London (England), London (Great Britain), London (UK), London (United Kingdom), London Britain, London England, London UK, London area, London england, London's, London, Britain, London, England, London, England, UK, London, England, United Kingdom, London, Great Britain, London, Greater London, London, Middlesex, London, U.K., London, UK, London, United Kingdom, London, england, London, uk, London,England, London-on-Thames, Londonise, Londonize, Londonshire, Londontown, Londra, Londyn, Lundein, Lundene, Lundunir, Lundúnir, Southwest London, The Metropolis, The metropolis, UN/LOCODE:GBLON, United Kingdom/London.