139 relations: Acorn Archimedes, Addison-Wesley, Adobe Photoshop, Apple DOS, Backup, Backward compatibility, Barium ferrite, BASIC, BBC News, Berg connector, BIOS, Bloomberg Businessweek, Boot disk, Burroughs Corporation, Canadian Business, CD-R, CD-ROM, CD-RW, Cobalt, Computer network, Computing platform, Constant angular velocity, CP/M, Cyclic redundancy check, Data storage, Dd (Unix), Dell, Dell Dimension, Device driver, Differential Manchester encoding, Digital photography, Digital Research, Disk density, Disk formatting, Disk image, Disk sector, Disk storage, Distribution Media Format, Don Norman, Don't Copy That Floppy, DOS Plus, Doubleday (publisher), Drive bay, DVD, File sharing, Firmware, Floppy disk format, Floppy disk hardware emulator, Floppy disk variants, Floppy-disk controller, ..., Floptical, Format war, Government Accountability Office, Group coded recording, Hard disk drive, Hard sectoring, Human–computer interaction, IBM, IBM 3740, IBM Extended Density Format, IBM PC compatible, IBM PC Convertible, IBM Personal Computer, IBM Personal System/2, IBM Series/1, IMac, Industrial robot, InfoWorld, Intel, Interface metaphor, International System of Units, Internet, Iron oxide, ISO 216, Kilobit, Kilobyte, Legacy system, LenovoEMC, Lighting control console, Local area network, Louisiana State University, Machine industry, Macintosh, Macintosh SE, Magnetic storage, Mebibyte, Megabyte, Memorex, Memory card, Microcomputer, Microsoft, Microsoft Office 2016, Microsoft Windows, Modified Frequency Modulation, MSX, Nuclear command and control, Operating system, Optical disc, Original equipment manufacturer, Paper clip, PC World, Pearson Education, Personal computer, Philips, Philips :YES, Photodiode, Pixel, Power Macintosh G3, Prentice Hall, Quarter-inch cartridge, Read-only memory, Ring binder, S&P Global, Sharp Corporation, Shugart Associates, Shugart bus, Sneakernet, Soft error, Sony, Sony HiFD, SuperDisk, SuperDrive, Terminate and stay resident program, The Daily Telegraph, The Design of Everyday Things, Travan, Unit price, Usability, USB, USB flash drive, Video Floppy, Virtualization, Windows 10, Write protection, X10 accelerated floppy drive, Zenith Minisport, Zip drive, Zone bit recording, 2M (DOS). Expand index (89 more) » « Shrink index
The Acorn Archimedes is a family of personal computers designed by Acorn Computers Ltd in Cambridge (England) and sold in the late-1980s to mid-1990s, Acorn's first general-purpose home computer based on its own ARM architecture (initially the CPU and architecture was known as Acorn RISC Machine, or ARM; it later became one of the most widely used CPU architectures in the world, used in most smartphones among many other uses).
Addison-Wesley is a publisher of textbooks and computer literature.
Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for macOS and Windows.
Apple DOS is the family of disk operating systems for the Apple II series of microcomputers from late 1978 through early 1983.
In information technology, a backup, or the process of backing up, refers to the copying into an archive file of computer data so it may be used to restore the original after a data loss event.
Backward compatibility is a property of a system, product, or technology that allows for interoperability with an older legacy system, or with input designed for such a system, especially in telecommunications and computing.
Barium ferrite, abbreviated BaFe, BaM, is the chemical compound with the formula BaFe12O19.
BASIC (an acronym for Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages whose design philosophy emphasizes ease of use.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Berg connector is a brand of electrical connector used in computer hardware.
BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
Bloomberg Businessweek is an American weekly business magazine published by Bloomberg L.P. Businessweek was founded in 1929.
A boot disk is a removable digital data storage medium from which a computer can load and run (boot) an operating system or utility program.
The Burroughs Corporation was a major American manufacturer of business equipment.
Canadian Business is the longest-publishing business magazine based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and founded in 1927.
CD-R (Compact Disc-Recordable) is a digital optical disc storage format.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
CD-RW (Compact Disc-ReWritable) is a digital optical disc storage format.
Cobalt is a chemical element with symbol Co and atomic number 27.
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
A computing platform or digital platform is the environment in which a piece of software is executed.
In optical storage, constant angular velocity (CAV) is a qualifier for the rated speed of any disc containing information, and may also be applied to the writing speed of recordable discs.
CP/M, originally standing for Control Program/Monitor and later Control Program for Microcomputers, is a mass-market operating system created for Intel 8080/85-based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc.
A cyclic redundancy check (CRC) is an error-detecting code commonly used in digital networks and storage devices to detect accidental changes to raw data.
Data storage is the recording (storing) of information (data) in a storage medium.
dd is a command-line utility for Unix and Unix-like operating systems whose primary purpose is to convert and copy files.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
The Dell Dimension series was a line of home and business desktop computers manufactured by Dell.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
Differential Manchester encoding is a line code in which data and clock signals are combined to form a single 2-level self-synchronizing data stream.
Digital photography is a form of photography that uses cameras containing arrays of electronic photodetectors to capture images focused by a lens, as opposed to an exposure on photographic film.
Digital Research, Inc. (also known as DR or DRI) was a company created by Gary Kildall to market and develop his CP/M operating system and related 8-bit, 16-bit and 32-bit systems like MP/M, Concurrent DOS, Multiuser DOS, DOS Plus, DR DOS and GEM.
Disk density is a capacity designation on magnetic storage, usually floppy disks.
Disk formatting is the process of preparing a data storage device such as a hard disk drive, solid-state drive, floppy disk or USB flash drive for initial use.
A disk image, in computing, is a computer file containing the contents and structure of a disk volume or of an entire data storage device, such as a hard disk drive, tape drive, floppy disk, optical disc or USB flash drive.
In computer disk storage, a sector is a subdivision of a track on a magnetic disk or optical disc.
Disk storage (also sometimes called drive storage) is a general category of storage mechanisms where data is recorded by various electronic, magnetic, optical, or mechanical changes to a surface layer of one or more rotating disks.
Distribution Media Format (DMF) is a format for floppy disks that Microsoft used to distribute software.
Donald Arthur Norman (born December 25, 1935) is the director of The Design Lab at University of California, San Diego.
Don't Copy That Floppy was an anti–copyright infringement campaign run by the Software Publishers Association (SPA) beginning in 1992.
DOS Plus (erroneously also known as DOS+) was the first operating system developed by Digital Research's OEM Support Group in Newbury, Berkshire, UK, first released in 1985.
Doubleday is an American publishing company founded as Doubleday & McClure Company in 1897 that by 1947 was the largest in the United States.
A drive bay is a standard-sized area for adding hardware to a computer.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
File sharing is the practice of distributing or providing access to digital media, such as computer programs, multimedia (audio, images and video), documents or electronic books.
In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a specific class of computer software that provides the low-level control for the device's specific hardware.
Floppy disk format and density refer to the logical and physical layout of data stored on a floppy disk.
A floppy disk hardware emulator is a device that emulates a mechanical floppy disk drive with a solid state or network storage device that is plug compatible with the drive it replaces, similar to how solid-state drives replace mechanical hard disk drives.
The floppy disk is a ubiquitous data storage and transfer device from the mid-1970s well into the 2000s.
A floppy-disk controller (FDC) is a special-purpose chip and associated disk controller circuitry that directs and controls reading from and writing to a computer's floppy disk drive (FDD).
Floptical refers to a type of floppy disk drive that combines magnetic and optical technologies to store data on media similar to standard 3½-inch floppy disks.
A format war describes competition between mutually incompatible proprietary formats that compete for the same market, typically for data storage devices and recording formats for electronic media.
The Government Accountability Office (GAO) is a legislative branch government agency that provides auditing, evaluation, and investigative services for the United States Congress.
In computer science, group coded recording or group code recording (GCR) refers to several distinct but related encoding methods for magnetic media.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
Hard sectoring in a magnetic or optical data storage device is a form of sectoring which uses a physical mark or hole in the recording medium to reference sector locations.
Human–computer interaction (HCI) researches the design and use of computer technology, focused on the interfaces between people (users) and computers.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
IBM 3740 Data Entry System was a data entry system that was announced by IBM in 1973.
The IBM eXtended Density Format (XDF) is a way of formatting standard high-density 3½-inch and 5¼-inch floppy disks to larger-than-standard capacities.
IBM PC compatible computers are computers similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT, able to use the same software and expansion cards.
The IBM PC Convertible is the first laptop computer released by IBM.
The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.
The Personal System/2 or PS/2 was IBM's third generation of personal computers.
The IBM Series/1 is a 16-bit minicomputer, introduced in 1976, that in many respects competed with other minicomputers of the time, such as the PDP-11 from Digital Equipment Corporation and similar offerings from Data General and HP.
iMac is a family of all-in-one Macintosh desktop computers designed and built by Apple Inc. It has been the primary part of Apple's consumer desktop offerings since its debut in August 1998, and has evolved through seven distinct forms.
An industrial robot is a robot system used for manufacturing.
InfoWorld (formerly The Intelligent Machines Journal) is an information technology media business.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
In user interface design, an interface metaphor is a set of user interface visuals, actions and procedures that exploit specific knowledge that users already have of other domains.
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
Iron oxides are chemical compounds composed of iron and oxygen.
ISO 216 specifies international standard (ISO) paper sizes used in most countries in the world today, although not in Canada, the United States, Mexico, or the Dominican Republic.
The kilobit is a multiple of the unit bit for digital information or computer storage.
The kilobyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
In computing, a legacy system is an old method, technology, computer system, or application program, "of, relating to, or being a previous or outdated computer system." Often a pejorative term, referencing a system as "legacy" means that it paved the way for the standards that would follow it.
LenovoEMC (formerly Iomega), sometimes styled lenovo EMC², is a producer of external, portable, and networked storage products.
A lighting control console (also called a lightboard, lighting board, or lighting desk) is an electronic device used in theatrical lighting design to control multiple lights at once.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
The Louisiana State University (officially Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, commonly referred to as LSU) is a public coeducational university located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
The machine industry or machinery industry is a subsector of the industry, that produces and maintains machines for consumers, the industry, and most other companies in the economy.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
The Macintosh SE was a personal computer designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from March 1987 to October 1990.
Magnetic storage or magnetic recording is the storage of data on a magnetized medium.
The mebibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
Memorex Corp. began as a computer tape producer and expanded to become both a consumer media supplier a major IBM plug compatible peripheral supplier.
A memory card, flash card or memory cartridge is an electronic flash memory data storage device used for storing digital information.
A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Office 2016 (codenamed Office 16) is a version of the Microsoft Office productivity suite, succeeding both Office 2013 and Office for Mac 2011.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Modified Frequency Modulation, commonly MFM, is a run-length limited (RLL) coding scheme used to encode the actual data-bits on most floppy disks.
MSX is a standardized home computer architecture, first announced by Microsoft on June 16, 1983, and marketed by Kazuhiko Nishi, then Vice-president at Microsoft Japan and Director at ASCII Corporation.
Nuclear command and control (NC2) is the command and control of nuclear weapons, that is the "activities, processes, and procedures performed by appropriate military commanders and support personnel that, through the chain of command, allow for senior-level decisions on nuclear weapons employment.".
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
A paper clip (or sometimes paperclip) is a device used to hold sheets of paper together, usually made of steel wire bent to a looped shape.
PC World, stylized PCWorld, is a global computer magazine published monthly by IDG.
Pearson Education (see also Pearson PLC) is a British-owned education publishing and assessment service to schools and corporations, as well as directly to students.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
The Philips:YES was a home computer/personal computer released by Philips Austria, in 1985.
A photodiode is a semiconductor device that converts light into an electrical current.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
The Power Macintosh G3 (also sold with additional software as the Macintosh Server G3) is a series of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from November 1997 to August 1999.
Prentice Hall is a major educational publisher owned by Pearson plc.
Quarter inch cartridge tape (abbreviated QIC, commonly pronounced "quick") is a magnetic tape data storage format introduced by 3M in 1972, with derivatives still in use as of 2016.
Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
Ring binders (loose leaf binders, looseleaf binders, or sometimes called files in Britain) are large folders that contain file folders or hole punched papers.
S&P Global Inc. (prior to April 2016 McGraw Hill Financial, Inc., and prior to 2013 McGraw Hill Companies) is an American publicly traded corporation headquartered in New York City.
is a Japanese multinational corporation that designs and manufactures electronic products, headquartered in Sakai-ku, Sakai.
Shugart Associates (later Shugart Corporation) was a computer peripheral manufacturer that dominated the floppy disk drive market in the late 1970s and is famous for introducing the 5-inch minifloppy floppy disk drive.
Shugart is the de facto standard for floppy disk drive interfaces created by Shugart Associates.
Sneakernet is an informal term for the transfer of electronic information by physically moving media such as magnetic tape, floppy disks, compact discs, USB flash drives or external hard drives from one computer to another; rather than transmitting the information over a computer network.
In electronics and computing, a soft error is a type of error where a signal or datum is wrong.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
The Sony HiFD (High capacity Floppy Disk) was an attempt by Sony to replace their own aging 3.5 inch floppy disk, which had proven successful in the late-1980s war to replace the 5.25 inch floppy disk.
The SuperDisk LS-120 is a high-speed, high-capacity alternative to the 90 mm (3.5 in), 1.44 MB floppy disk.
SuperDrive is a trademark used by Apple Inc. for two different storage drives: from 1988 to 1999 to refer to a high-density floppy disk drive capable of reading all major 3.5″ disk formats; and from 2001 onwards to refer to a CD/DVD reader/writer.
Regarding computers, a terminate and stay resident program (commonly referred to by the initialism TSR) is a computer program that uses a system call in DOS operating systems to return control of the computer to the operating system, as though the program has quit, but stays resident in computer memory so it can be reactivated by a hardware or software interrupt.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Design of Everyday Things is a best-selling book by cognitive scientist and usability engineer Donald Norman about how design serves as the communication between object and user, and how to optimize that conduit of communication in order to make the experience of using the object pleasurable.
Travan is an 8 mm magnetic tape cartridge design developed by the 3M company, used for the storage of data in computer backups and mass storage.
Average prices represent, quite simply, total sales revenue divided by total units sold.
Usability is the ease of use and learnability of a human-made object such as a tool or device.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
A USB flash drive, also variously known as a thumb drive, pen drive, gig stick, flash stick, jump drive, disk key, disk on key (after the original M-Systems DiskOnKey drive from 2000), flash-drive, memory stick (not to be confused with the Sony Memory Stick), USB stick or USB memory, is a data storage device that includes flash memory with an integrated USB interface.
A Video Floppy is an analog recording storage medium in the form of a 2-inch magnetic floppy disk used to store still frames of composite analog video.
In computing, virtualization refers to the act of creating a virtual (rather than actual) version of something, including virtual computer hardware platforms, storage devices, and computer network resources.
Windows 10 (codenamed Redstone, formerly Threshold) is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft, as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Write protection is any physical mechanism that prevents modification or erasure of valuable data on a device.
The X-10 Fastcache Floppy Drive was a 1996 floppy disk drive that read 3.5" floppies at ten times the speed of a standard floppy drive.
The Zenith Minisport (styled as minisPORT) is a subnotebook based on an 80C88 CMOS CPU running at two software selectable speeds: 4.77 MHz or 8 MHz.
The Zip drive is a removable floppy disk storage system that was introduced by Iomega in late 1994.
In computer storage, zone bit recording (ZBR) is a method used by disk drives to optimise the tracks for increased data capacity.
2M is a DOS program by the Spanish programmer Ciriaco García de Celis.
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