133 relations: Able seaman, Achi Baba, Adjutant, Alexandria, Alfred Joseph Richards, Amphibious warfare, Aristide Briand, Arthur Walderne St Clair Tisdall, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, Austria-Hungary, Aylmer Hunter-Weston, Baltic Sea, Barbed wire, Battleship, Beşik Bay, Çanakkale, Bernard Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg, Black Sea, Cape Helles, Caucasus Campaign, Central Powers, Charles Doughty-Wylie, Corps expéditionnaire d'Orient, Cuthbert Bromley, Cutter (boat), Dardanelles, Distinguished Conduct Medal, Eastern Front (World War I), Edward Unwin, Egypt, Enfilade and defilade, English Channel, Enver Pasha, Escalade, Fifth Army (Ottoman Empire), First Balkan War, Flare gun, Frank Edward Stubbs, French battleship Henri IV, French battleship Jauréguiberry, French cruiser Jeanne d'Arc (1899), French cruiser Latouche-Tréville, French Third Republic, Gallipoli, Gallipoli Campaign, George Drewry, George Samson, German Empire, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856–1929), Halil Sami Bey, High Seas Fleet, ..., History of the Royal Marines, HMS Albion (1898), HMS Amethyst (1903), HMS Ark Royal (1914), HMS Cornwallis (1901), HMS Dublin (1912), HMS Euryalus (1901), HMS Goliath (1898), HMS Implacable (1899), HMS Prince George (1895), HMS Sapphire (1904), HMS Swiftsure (1903), HMS Triumph (1903), Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, Imperial German Navy, Jewish Legion, Jihad, John Grimshaw, John Henry Patterson (author), King's Own Scottish Borderers, Kingdom of Greece, Krithia, Lancashire Fusiliers, Land mine, Landing at Anzac Cove, Lieutenant colonel, List of the First Lords of the Admiralty, Major general, Maneuver warfare, Maxim gun, Mehmed V, Mesopotamian campaign, Midshipman, Naval mine, No. 203 Squadron RAF, Odessa, Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918, Otto Liman von Sanders, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman–German alliance, Persian Gulf, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Pursuit of Goeben and Breslau, Race to the Sea, Richard Raymond Willis, Rout, Royal Dublin Fusiliers, Royal Hampshire Regiment, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, Royal Munster Fusiliers, Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Navy, Russian cruiser Askold, Russian Empire, Sally port, Salvo, Sea of Okhotsk, Seaman, Sedd el Bahr, Sick man of Europe, SMS Weissenburg, South Wales Borderers, SS River Clyde, The London Gazette, Trojan Horse, Victoria Cross, War Office, White Sea, Wilfred St Aubyn Malleson, Wilhelm Souchon, William Charles Williams, William Cosgrove, William Kenealy, Winston Churchill, Young Turks, .303 British, 16th (Irish) Division, 29th Division (United Kingdom), 48th Brigade (United Kingdom), 63rd (Royal Naval) Division, 6th Queen Elizabeth's Own Gurkha Rifles, 88th Brigade (United Kingdom), 9th Infantry Division (Ottoman Empire). Expand index (83 more) » « Shrink index
An able seaman (AB) is an unlicensed member of the deck department of a merchant ship.
Achi Baba (Alçıtepe) is a height dominating the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, located in Çanakkale Province.
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Adjutant is a military rank or appointment.
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Alexandria (or; اسكندرية, in Egyptian Arabic) is the second largest city and a major economic centre in Egypt, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
Alfred Joseph Richards VC (21 June 1879 – 21 May 1953) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Aristide Briand (28 March 1862 – 7 March 1932) was a French statesman who served eleven terms as Prime Minister of France during the French Third Republic and was a co-laureate of the 1926 Nobel Peace Prize.
Arthur Walderne St.
The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) was a First World War army corps of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
Austria-Hungary (Österreich-Ungarn; Osztrák-Magyar Monarchia), also known by other names and often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Empire of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867, when the compromise was ratified by the Hungarian parliament.
Lieutenant-General Sir Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston KCB DSO GStJ (23 September 1864 – 18 March 1940) was a British Army general who served in World War I at Gallipoli and in the very early stages of the Somme Offensive.
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, the Baltic countries, and the North European Plain.
Barbed wire, also known as barb wire, less often bob wire or, in the southeastern United States, bobbed wire, is a type of steel fencing wire constructed with sharp edges or points arranged at intervals along the strand(s).
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of heavy caliber guns.
Beşik Bay is a small bay on the Aegean shore of Troy, at the mouth of the Hellespont in present day Asiatic Turkey.
Lieutenant General Bernard Cyril Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg & Three Bars (21 March 1889 – 4 July 1963) was a British-born soldier and Victoria Cross recipient, who later served as the seventh Governor-General of New Zealand from 1946 to 1952.
The Black Sea is a sea between Southeastern Europe and Western Asia.
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Cape Helles is the rocky headland at the southwesternmost tip of the Gallipoli peninsula, Turkey.
The Caucasus Campaign comprised armed conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire, later including Azerbaijan, Armenia, the Central Caspian Dictatorship and the British Empire as part of the Middle Eastern theatre during World War I. The Caucasus Campaign extended from the South Caucasus to the Armenian Highlands region, reaching as far as Trabzon, Bitlis, Mush and Van.
The Central Powers (Mittelmächte; Központi hatalmak; İttifak Devletleri or Bağlaşma Devletleri; Централни сили Tsentralni sili), consisting of Germany,, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria – hence also known as the Quadruple Alliance (Vierbund) – was one of the two main factions during World War I (1914–18).
Lieutenant Colonel Charles "Richard" Hotham Montagu Doughty-Wylie (23 July 1868 – 26 April 1915) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross.
The Corps Expeditionnaire d'Orient (Oriental Expeditionary Force) (CEO) was a French expeditionary force raised for service during the Gallipoli Campaign in World War I. The corps initially consisted of a single infantry division that was raised in North Africa from metropolitan French and French colonial African soldiers, but later grew to two divisions.
Major Cuthbert Bromley VC (19 September 1878 – 13 August 1915) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
A cutter is typically a small, but in some cases a medium-sized, watercraft designed for speed rather than for capacity.
The Dardanelles (Çanakkale Boğazı, Δαρδανέλλια, Dardanellia), formerly known as Hellespont (Ἑλλήσποντος, Hellespontos, literally "Sea of Helle"), is a narrow strait in northwestern Turkey connecting the Aegean Sea to the Sea of Marmara.
The Distinguished Conduct Medal, post-nominal letters DCM, was established in 1854 by Queen Victoria as a decoration for gallantry in the field by other ranks of the British Army.
During World War I, the Eastern Front (Восточный фронт, sometimes called the "Second Fatherland War" or "Second Patriotic War" (Вторая Отечественная война) in Russian sources) was a theatre of operations that encompassed at its greatest extent the entire frontier between the Russian Empire and Romania on one side and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire and Germany on the other.
Commodore Edward Unwin (20 April 1864 – 19 April 1950) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
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Enfilade and defilade are concepts in military tactics used to describe a military formation's exposure to enemy fire.
The English Channel (Manche, "Sleeve"; Mor Breizh, "Bretons Sea"; Mor Bretannek, "British Sea"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France, and joins the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
Ismail Enver Pasha (اسماعیل انور پاشا; İsmail Enver Paşa; 22 November 1881 – 4 August 1922), commonly known as Enver Pasha, was an Ottoman military officer and a leader of the 1908 Young Turk Revolution.
Escalade is the act of scaling defensive walls or ramparts with the aid of ladders, and was a prominent feature of siege warfare in medieval times.
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The Fifth Army of the Ottoman Empire or Turkish Fifth Army was formed on March 24, 1915 and dissolved on October 1918.
The First Balkan War (Балканска война, Α΄ Βαλκανικός πόλεμος, Први балкански рат Prvi Balkanski rat, Birinci Balkan Savaşı), which lasted from October 1912 to May 1913, comprised actions of the Balkan League (Serbia, Greece, Montenegro and Bulgaria) against the Ottoman Empire.
A flare gun is a firearm that launches flares.
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Frank Edward Stubbs (12 March 1888 – 25 April 1915) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Henri IV was a pre-dreadnought battleship of the French Navy built to test some of the ideas of the prominent naval architect Louis-Émile Bertin.
Jauréguiberry was a pre-dreadnought battleship of the French Navy (Marine Nationale), launched in 1893.
The French cruiser Jeanne d'Arc was an armoured cruiser built for the French Navy at the end of the 19th century.
Latouche-Tréville was one of four armored cruisers built for the French Navy in the 1890s.
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) governed France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed, to 1940, when France's defeat by Nazi Germany led to the Vichy France government.
The Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu Yarımadası; Καλλίπολη) is located in Turkish Thrace (or East Thrace), the European part of Turkey, with the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles strait to the east.
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The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of World War I that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 25 April 1915 and 9 January 1916.
George Leslie Drewry VC (3 November 1894 – 2 August 1918) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
George McKenzie Samson VC (7 January 1889 – 28 February 1923) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich), variously referred to as the German Reich or Realm, or Imperial Germany, was the historical German nation state that existed from the unification of Germany in 1871 to the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II in November 1918, when Germany became a federal republic.
Grand Duke Nikolay Nikolayevich Romanov of Russia (Russian: Николай Николаевич Романов (младший – the younger); 6 November 1856 – 5 January 1929) was a Russian general in World War I. A grandson of Nicholas I of Russia, he was commander in chief of the Russian armies on the main front in the first year of the war, and was later a successful commander in the Caucasus.
Halil Sami Bey (1866 – 1925) was an Ottoman Army Colonel (Miralay) who served in the First World War.
The High Seas Fleet (Hochseeflotte) was the battle fleet of the German Imperial Navy and saw action during World War I. The formation was created in February 1907, when the Home Fleet (Heimatflotte) was renamed as the High Seas Fleet.
The Corps of Royal Marines, the infantry land fighting element of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy, was formed as part of the Naval Service in 1755.
HMS Albion was a British ''Canopus''-class predreadnought battleship.
HMS Amethyst was a third-class protected cruiser of the ''Topaze'' class of the Royal Navy.
HMS Ark Royal was the first ship in history designed and built as a seaplane carrier.
HMS Cornwallis was a ''Duncan''-class pre-dreadnought battleship of the Royal Navy.
HMS Dublin, together with and, was a light cruiser of the Chatham subgroup, each costing an average £334,053.
HMS Euryalus was a armoured cruiser built for the Royal Navy around 1900.
HMS Goliath was one of the six ''Canopus''-class pre-dreadnought battleships built by the Royal Navy in the late 19th century.
HMS Implacable was a battleship of the British Royal Navy, the second ship of the name.
HMS Prince George was a pre-dreadnought battleship launched in 1895.
HMS Sapphire was a ''Topaze''-class protected cruiser built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century.
HMS Swiftsure, originally known as Constitución, was the lead ship of the pre-dreadnought battleships.
HMS Triumph, originally known as Libertad, was the second of the two pre-dreadnought battleships of the Royal Navy.
General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton (16 January 1853 – 12 October 1947) was a senior officer in the British Army, who is most notable for commanding the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force during the Gallipoli Campaign.
The Imperial German Navy was the Imperial Navy – the navy created at the time of the formation of the German Empire.
The Jewish Legion (1917–1921) is an unofficial name used to refer to five battalions of Jewish volunteers, the 38th to 42nd (Service) Battalions of the Royal Fusiliers, raised in the British Army to fight against the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.
Jihad (جهاد) is an Islamic term referring to the religious duty of Muslims to maintain the religion.
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Lieutenant-Colonel John Elisha Grimshaw VC (20 January 1893 – 20 July 1980) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Lieutenant-Colonel John Henry Patterson, DSO (10 November 1867 – 18 June 1947), known as J. H. Patterson, was a British soldier, hunter, author and Christian Zionist, best known for his book The Man-Eaters of Tsavo (1907), which details his experiences while building a railway bridge over the Tsavo river in Kenya in 1898–99.
The King's Own Scottish Borderers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Scottish Division.
The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος, Vasílion tis Elládos) was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, France and the Russian Empire).
Krithia (from the Greek "Krithari" which means Barley) (Turkish: Alçıtepe) is a small village in the Eceabat District of Çanakkale Province, Turkey, about 4 miles from the tip of the Gelibolu Peninsula.
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The Lancashire Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that saw distinguished service through many centuries and wars, including the Second Boer War both World War I and World War II, and had many different titles throughout its 280 years of existence.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
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The landing at Anzac Cove on Sunday, 25 April 1915, also known as the landing at Gaba Tepe, and to the Turks as the Arıburnu Battle, was part of the amphibious invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula by the forces of the British Empire, which began the land phase of the Gallipoli Campaign of the First World War.
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies and most marine forces and some air forces of the world, typically ranking above a major and below a colonel.
This is a List of First Lords of the Admiralty of England, Great Britain and then the United Kingdom.
Major-general (or major general) is a military rank used in many countries.
Maneuver warfare, or manoeuvre warfare, is a military strategy that advocates attempting to defeat the enemy by incapacitating their decision-making through shock and disruption.
The Maxim gun, which was invented by Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim in 1884, was the first recoil-operated machine gun.
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Mehmed V Reshad (Ottoman Turkish: محمد خامس Meḥmed-i ẖâmis, Mehmed V Reşad or Reşat Mehmet) (2 November 1844 – 3 July 1918) was the 35th Ottoman Sultan.
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The Mesopotamian campaign was a campaign in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I fought between the Allies represented by the British Empire, mostly troops from the Indian Empire and Australia, and the Central Powers, mostly of the Ottoman Empire.
A midshipman is an officer cadet or a commissioned officer candidate of the junior-most rank, in the Royal Navy, United States Navy, and many Commonwealth navies.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
Odessa or Odesa (Оде́са,; p) is the fourth largest city in Ukraine with a population of 1,003,705.
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The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918 is a 12-volume series covering Australian involvement in the First World War.
Generalleutnant Otto Viktor Karl von Sanders (February 17, 1855 – August 22, 1929) was a German general who served as an adviser and military commander to the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.
The Ottoman Empire (دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه Devlet-i Aliyye-i Osmâniyye, Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti) which is also known as the Turkish Empire or Turkey, was an empire founded in 1299 by Oghuz Turks under Osman I in northwestern Anatolia.
The Ottoman–German Alliance was an alliance between the German Empire and the Ottoman Empire that was ratified on August 2, 1914, shortly following the outbreak of World War I. The alliance was created as part of a joint-cooperative effort that would strengthen and modernize the failing Ottoman military, as well as provide Germany safe passage into neighboring British colonies.
The Persian Gulf is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
The pursuit of Goeben and Breslau was a naval action that occurred in the Mediterranean Sea at the outbreak of the First World War when elements of the British Mediterranean Fleet attempted to intercept the German Mittelmeerdivision consisting of the battlecruiser and the light cruiser.
The Race to the Sea took place from about 1914, after the Battle of the Frontiers (7 August–13 September) and the German advance into France, which had been stopped at the First Battle of the Marne and was followed by the First Battle of the Aisne a Franco-British counter-offensive.
Major Richard Raymond Willis VC (13 October 1876 – 9 February 1966) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
A rout is a chaotic and disorderly retreat or withdrawal of troops from a battlefield, resulting in the victory of the opposing party, or following defeat, a collapse of discipline, or poor morale.
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The Royal Dublin Fusiliers was an Irish infantry Regiment of the British Army created in 1881, one of eight Irish regiments raised and garrisoned in Ireland, with its home depot in Naas.
The Hampshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, created as part of the Childers Reforms in 1881 by the amalgamation of the 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot and the 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot.
The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers was an Irish line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1968.
The Royal Munster Fusiliers was a regular infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was the air arm of the Royal Navy, under the direction of the Admiralty's Air Department, and existed formally from 1 July 1914Admiralty Circular CW.13963/14, 1 July 1914: "Royal Naval Air Service - Organisation" to 1 April 1918, when it was merged with the British Army's Royal Flying Corps to form a new service, the Royal Air Force, the first of its kind in the world.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's principal naval warfare force.
Askold (Аскольд) was a protected cruiser built for the Imperial Russian Navy.
The Russian Empire (Pre-reform Russian orthography: Россійская Имперія, Modern Russian: Российская империя, translit: Rossiyskaya Imperiya) was a state that existed from 1721 until overthrown by the short-lived liberal February Revolution in 1917.
A sally port is a secure, controlled entryway to a fortification or prison.
A salvo is the simultaneous discharge of artillery or firearms including the firing of guns either to hit a target or to perform a salute.
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The Sea of Okhotsk (p; Ohōtsuku-kai) is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, lying between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the island of Hokkaidō to the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a long stretch of eastern Siberian coast (including the Shantar Islands) along the west and north.
Seaman is a naval rank and is either the lowest or one of the lowest ranks in most navies around the world.
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Sedd el Bahr (in modern Turkish, Seddülbahir, meaning "Walls of the Sea" in Ottoman) is a village in the district of Eceabat, Çanakkale Province, Turkey.
The label of "sick man of Europe" is given to a European country experiencing a time of economic difficulty or impoverishment.
SMS Weissenburg was one of the first ocean-going battleships of the Imperial German Navy.
The South Wales Borderers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for 280 years.
SS River Clyde was a British collier built by Russell & Co of Port Glasgow on the Firth of Clyde and completed in March 1905.
The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published.
The Trojan Horse is a tale from the Trojan War about the subterfuge that the Greeks used to enter the city of Troy and win the war.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest military decoration awarded for valour "in the face of the enemy" to members of the armed forces of various Commonwealth countries, and previous British Empire territories.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between the 17th century and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
The White Sea (Белое море, Beloye more; Karelian and Vienanmeri, lit. Dvina Sea; Сэрако ямʼ, Serako yam) is a southern inlet of the Barents Sea located on the northwest coast of Russia.
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Commander Wilfred St.
Wilhelm Anton Souchon (2 June 1864 – 13 January 1946) was a German and Ottoman admiral in World War I who commanded the Kaiserliche Marine's Mediterranean squadron in the early days of the war.
William Charles Williams VC (15 September 1880 – 25 April 1915) was a British recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
William Cosgrove VC MSM (1 October 1888 – 14 July 1936) was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
William Stephen Kenealy VC, (26 December 1886 – 29 June 1915) was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The Young Turks (Jön Türkler, from Les Jeunes Turcs, or Genç Türkler) were a political reform movement in the early 20th century, favoring replacement of the absolute monarchy of the Ottoman Empire with a constitutional monarchy.
The.303 British (designated as the 303 British by the C.I.P. and SAAMI) or 7.7×56mmR, is a calibre (with the bore diameter measured between the lands as is common practice in Europe) rimmed rifle cartridge first developed in Britain as a black-powder round put into service in December 1888 for the Lee–Metford rifle.
The 16th (Irish) Division was a voluntary 'Service' division of Kitchener's New Army raised in Ireland from the 'National Volunteers', initially in September 1914, after the outbreak of the Great War.
The British 29th Division, known as the Incomparable Division, was a First World War regular army infantry division formed in early 1915 by combining various units that had been acting as garrisons about the British Empire.
The 48th Brigade was a brigade of the British Army.
The 63rd (Royal Naval) Division was a United Kingdom infantry division which served during the First World War.
The 6th Queen Elizabeth's Own Gurkha Rifles was a rifle regiment of the British Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin, before being transferred to the British Army following India's independence.
The 88th Brigade was a formation of the British Army.
The 9th Infantry Division was a formation of the Ottoman Turkish Army, during the Balkan Wars, and the First World War.