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Index Navarre

Navarre (Navarra, Nafarroa; Navarra), officially the Chartered Community of Navarre (Spanish: Comunidad Foral de Navarra; Basque: Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea), is an autonomous community and province in northern Spain, bordering the Basque Autonomous Community, La Rioja, and Aragon in Spain and Nouvelle-Aquitaine in France. [1]

153 relations: Absolutive case, Adolfo Suárez, Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón, Alfonso VIII of Castile, Alfonso XII of Spain, Almohad Caliphate, Andia, Ansoáin, Aquitanian language, Aragon, Aralar Range, Autonomous communities of Spain, Álava, Íñigo Arista of Pamplona, Banu Qasi, Barañáin, Basque Country (autonomous community), Basque language, Basque nationalism, Basque Nationalist Party, Basques, Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, Battle of Roncevaux Pass, Battle of Roncevaux Pass (824), Biogas, Biomass, Blanche I of Navarre, Burlada, CA Osasuna, Caja Navarra, Caja Navarra scandal, Camino de Santiago, Capital city, Castejón, Navarre, Catherine of Navarre, Charlemagne, Coat of arms of Basque Country (autonomous community), Confederación Nacional del Trabajo, Congress of Deputies, Constitutional court, Convention of Vergara, Corruption in Navarre, Country, Crown of Castile, Ebro, EH Bildu, Einhard, Emilio Mola, End of Basque home rule in Spain, English language, ..., Estella-Lizarra, ETA (separatist group), Ethnic group, Ferdinand II of Aragon, FET y de las JONS, First Carlist War, France, Francoist Spain, Franks, Fuero, Fueros of Navarre, Gascony, Geroa Bai, Gipuzkoa, Grammatical number, Henry IV of France, Holy Roman Empire, House of Trastámara, Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain), ISO 3166-2:ES, Izquierda-Ezkerra, Jaime del Burgo, Jeanne d'Albret, Jesús Aizpún Tuero, Jiménez dynasty, Joaldun, Joan Coromines, John III of Navarre, Jorge Fernández Díaz, Kingdom of Navarre, La Rioja (Spain), Latifundium, List of municipalities in Navarre, List of Navarrese monarchs, Lower Navarre, Lucio Urtubia, Manuel Godoy, Mediterranean Sea, Mesa de los Tres Reyes, Montejurra, Muladi, Navarrese electoral Carlism during the Restoration, Navarrese People's Union, Navarrese regional election, 2015, New Navarre, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Official language, Oiasso, Olive, Opus Dei, Pamplona, Parliament of Navarre, People's Party (Spain), Photovoltaics, Pic d'Orhy, Podemos (Spanish political party), Provinces of Spain, Pyrenees, Ranked lists of Spanish autonomous communities, Reconquista, Renewable energy, Renewable energy in the European Union, Roman Empire, Romance languages, Royal Frankish Annals, San Fermín, Second Spanish Republic, Senate of Spain, Sierra de Codés, Socialist Party of Navarre, Southern Basque Country, Spain, Spanish Civil War, Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre, Spanish constitutional referendum, 1978, Spanish language, Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country, Tafalla, Taifa, Third Carlist War, Tudela, Navarre, Txamantxoia, Unión General de Trabajadores, Union of the Democratic Centre (Spain), University of Navarra, Urbasa, Uxue Barkos, Vascones, Vasconic languages, Víctor Pradera Larumbe, Vegetable, Victims of Civil War in Navarre, Villava, Viscounty of Béarn, Visigoths, War in the North, Water turbine, Wheat, Wind farm, Wine, Yolanda Barcina, Zizur Mayor/Zizur Nagusia. Expand index (103 more) »

Absolutive case

The absolutive case (abbreviated) is the unmarked grammatical case of a core argument of a verb (generally other than the nominative) that is used as the citation form of a noun.

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Adolfo Suárez

Adolfo Suárez González, 1st Duke of Suárez, GE, KOGF, OCIII (25 September 1932 – 23 March 2014) was a Spanish lawyer and politician.

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Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón

Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jiménez (born 11 December 1958) is a Spanish politician and former Minister of Justice.

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Alfonso VIII of Castile

Alfonso VIII (11 November 11555 October 1214), called the Noble (El Noble) or the one of the Navas (el de las Navas), was the King of Castile from 1158 to his death and King of Toledo.

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Alfonso XII of Spain

Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 28 November 185725 November 1885) was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885, after a revolution deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France.

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Almohad Caliphate

The Almohad Caliphate (British English:, U.S. English:; ⵉⵎⵡⴻⵃⵃⴷⴻⵏ (Imweḥḥden), from Arabic الموحدون, "the monotheists" or "the unifiers") was a Moroccan Berber Muslim movement and empire founded in the 12th century.

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The Andia Range (Andiako mendilerroa in Basque and Sierra de Andía in Spanish) is a mountain range of western Navarre, Spain, part of the Basque Mountains.

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Ansoain (Basque: Antsoain) is a town and municipality located in the province and autonomous community of Navarra, northern Spain.

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Aquitanian language

The Aquitanian language was spoken on both sides of the western Pyrenees in ancient Aquitaine (approximately between the Pyrenees and the Garonne, in the region later known as Gascony) and in the areas south of the Pyrenees in the valleys of the Basque Country before the Roman conquest.

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Aragon (or, Spanish and Aragón, Aragó or) is an autonomous community in Spain, coextensive with the medieval Kingdom of Aragon.

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Aralar Range

The Aralar Range is a mountain range in the Basque Mountains of Southern Basque Country.

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Autonomous communities of Spain

In Spain, an autonomous community (comunidad autónoma, autonomia erkidegoa, comunitat autònoma, comunidade autónoma, comunautat autonòma) is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain.

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Álava (in Spanish) or Araba (in Basque, dialectal), officially Araba/Álava, is a province of Spain and a historical territory of the Basque Country, heir of the ancient Lordship of Álava, former medieval Catholic bishopric and now Latin titular see.

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Íñigo Arista of Pamplona

Íñigo Arista (Eneko, ونّقه, Wannaqo, c. 790 – 851 or 852) was a Basque leader, considered the first King of Pamplona.

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Banu Qasi

The Banu Qasi, Banu Kasi, Beni Casi (بني قسي or بنو قسي, meaning "sons" or "heirs of Cassius") or Banu Musa were a Hispano-Roman Muwallad dynasty that ruled the upper Ebro valley in the 9th century, before being displaced in the first quarter of the 10th century.

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Barañáin (in Spanish) or Barañain (in Euskera) is a town and municipality located in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, northern Spain.

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Basque Country (autonomous community)

The Basque Country (Euskadi; País Vasco; Pays Basque), officially the Basque Autonomous Community (Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoa, EAE; Comunidad Autónoma Vasca, CAV) is an autonomous community in northern Spain.

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Basque language

Basque (euskara) is a language spoken in the Basque country and Navarre. Linguistically, Basque is unrelated to the other languages of Europe and, as a language isolate, to any other known living language. The Basques are indigenous to, and primarily inhabit, the Basque Country, a region that straddles the westernmost Pyrenees in adjacent parts of northern Spain and southwestern France. The Basque language is spoken by 28.4% of Basques in all territories (751,500). Of these, 93.2% (700,300) are in the Spanish area of the Basque Country and the remaining 6.8% (51,200) are in the French portion. Native speakers live in a contiguous area that includes parts of four Spanish provinces and the three "ancient provinces" in France. Gipuzkoa, most of Biscay, a few municipalities of Álava, and the northern area of Navarre formed the core of the remaining Basque-speaking area before measures were introduced in the 1980s to strengthen the language. By contrast, most of Álava, the western part of Biscay and central and southern areas of Navarre are predominantly populated by native speakers of Spanish, either because Basque was replaced by Spanish over the centuries, in some areas (most of Álava and central Navarre), or because it was possibly never spoken there, in other areas (Enkarterri and southeastern Navarre). Under Restorationist and Francoist Spain, public use of Basque was frowned upon, often regarded as a sign of separatism; this applied especially to those regions that did not support Franco's uprising (such as Biscay or Gipuzkoa). However, in those Basque-speaking regions that supported the uprising (such as Navarre or Álava) the Basque language was more than merely tolerated. Overall, in the 1960s and later, the trend reversed and education and publishing in Basque began to flourish. As a part of this process, a standardised form of the Basque language, called Euskara Batua, was developed by the Euskaltzaindia in the late 1960s. Besides its standardised version, the five historic Basque dialects are Biscayan, Gipuzkoan, and Upper Navarrese in Spain, and Navarrese–Lapurdian and Souletin in France. They take their names from the historic Basque provinces, but the dialect boundaries are not congruent with province boundaries. Euskara Batua was created so that Basque language could be used—and easily understood by all Basque speakers—in formal situations (education, mass media, literature), and this is its main use today. In both Spain and France, the use of Basque for education varies from region to region and from school to school. A language isolate, Basque is believed to be one of the few surviving pre-Indo-European languages in Europe, and the only one in Western Europe. The origin of the Basques and of their languages is not conclusively known, though the most accepted current theory is that early forms of Basque developed prior to the arrival of Indo-European languages in the area, including the Romance languages that geographically surround the Basque-speaking region. Basque has adopted a good deal of its vocabulary from the Romance languages, and Basque speakers have in turn lent their own words to Romance speakers. The Basque alphabet uses the Latin script.

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Basque nationalism

Basque nationalism (eusko abertzaletasuna) is a form of nationalism that asserts that Basques, an ethnic group indigenous to the western Pyrenees, are a nation, and promotes the political unity of the Basques.

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Basque Nationalist Party

The Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ; Partido Nacionalista Vasco, PNV; Parti Nationaliste Basque, PNB; EAJ-PNV) is a Christian democratic and Basque nationalist party.

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No description.

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Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa

The Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, known in Arab history as the Battle of Al-Uqab (معركة العقاب), took place on 16 July 1212 and was an important turning point in the Reconquista and in the medieval history of Spain.

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Battle of Roncevaux Pass

The Battle of Roncevaux Pass (French and English spelling, Roncesvalles in Spanish, Orreaga in Basque) in 778 saw a large force of Basques ambush a part of Charlemagne's army in Roncevaux Pass, a high mountain pass in the Pyrenees on the present border between France and Spain, after his invasion of the Iberian Peninsula.

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Battle of Roncevaux Pass (824)

The Battle of Roncevaux Pass was a battle in which a combined Basque-Qasawi Muslim army defeated a Carolingian military expedition in 824.

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Biogas typically refers to a mixture of different gases produced by the breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen.

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Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter.

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Blanche I of Navarre

Blanche I (6 July 1387 – 1 April 1441) was Queen of Navarre from her father King Charles III of Navarre's death in 1425 until her own death.

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Burlada (Burlata) is a municipality in Navarre province, Spain on the outskirts of the city of Pamplona.

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CA Osasuna

Club Atlético Osasuna (Athletic Club Osasuna), or simply Osasuna, is a Spanish football team based in Pamplona, Navarre.

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Caja Navarra

Caja de Ahorros de Navarra or Caja Navarra or CAN was a medium-sized savings bank based in the Navarre province of northern Spain with headquarters in Pamplona.

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Caja Navarra scandal

The Caja Navarra scandal unraveled in 2012 after the absorption of Caja Navarra (CAN), integrated in the financial conglomerate Banca Civica, by CaixaBank (3 August 2012).

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Camino de Santiago

The Camino de Santiago (Peregrinatio Compostellana, "Pilgrimage of Compostela"; O Camiño de Santiago), known in English as the Way of Saint James among other names, is a network of pilgrims' ways serving pilgrimage to the shrine of the apostle Saint James the Great in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in Galicia in northwestern Spain, where tradition has it that the remains of the saint are buried.

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Capital city

A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.

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Castejón, Navarre

Castejón is a town and municipality located in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, northern Spain.

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Catherine of Navarre

Catherine (Katalina) (1468 – 12 February 1517), Queen of Navarre, reigned from 1483 until 1517.

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Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.

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Coat of arms of Basque Country (autonomous community)

The current Basque coat of arms (Spanish: Escudo del País Vasco, Basque: Euskal autonomi erkidegoaren armarria) is the official coat of arms of the Basque Country, Autonomous community of Spain.

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Confederación Nacional del Trabajo

The Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (National Confederation of Labour; CNT) is a Spanish confederation of anarcho-syndicalist labour unions, which was long affiliated with the International Workers' Association (AIT).

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Congress of Deputies

The Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados; Diputatuen Kongresua; Congrés dels Diputats; Congreso dos Deputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spain's legislative branch.

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Constitutional court

A constitutional court is a high court that deals primarily with constitutional law.

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Convention of Vergara

The Convention of Vergara (Convenio de Vergara, Bergarako hitzarmena) was a treaty successfully ending the major fighting in Spain's First Carlist War.

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Corruption in Navarre

Corruption in Navarre refers to a quick succession of corruption scandals which have come to light since 2012 referring to the UPN's tenure in office (since 1996).

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A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography.

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Crown of Castile

The Crown of Castile was a medieval state in the Iberian Peninsula that formed in 1230 as a result of the third and definitive union of the crowns and, some decades later, the parliaments of the kingdoms of Castile and León upon the accession of the then Castilian king, Ferdinand III, to the vacant Leonese throne. It continued to exist as a separate entity after the personal union in 1469 of the crowns of Castile and Aragon with the marriage of the Catholic Monarchs up to the promulgation of the Nueva Planta decrees by Philip V in 1715. The Indies, Islands and Mainland of the Ocean Sea were also a part of the Crown of Castile when transformed from lordships to kingdoms of the heirs of Castile in 1506, with the Treaty of Villafáfila, and upon the death of Ferdinand the Catholic. The title of "King of Castile" remained in use by the Habsburg rulers during the 16th and 17th centuries. Charles I was King of Aragon, Majorca, Valencia, and Sicily, and Count of Barcelona, Roussillon and Cerdagne, as well as King of Castile and León, 1516–1556. In the early 18th century, Philip of Bourbon won the War of the Spanish Succession and imposed unification policies over the Crown of Aragon, supporters of their enemies. This unified the Crown of Aragon and the Crown of Castile into the kingdom of Spain. Even though the Nueva Planta decrees did not formally abolish the Crown of Castile, the country of (Castile and Aragon) was called "Spain" by both contemporaries and historians. "King of Castile" also remains part of the full title of Felipe VI of Spain, the current King of Spain according to the Spanish constitution of 1978, in the sense of titles, not of states.

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The Ebro in English (also in Spanish, Aragonese and Basque: 'Ebre') is one of the most important rivers on the Iberian Peninsula.

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EH Bildu

EH Bildu, short for Euskal Herria Bildu (date or Basque Country Gather) is a leftist, Basque nationalist and pro-independence political coalition active in the Spanish autonomous communities of Basque Country and Navarre.

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Einhard (also Eginhard or Einhart; Einhardus; 775 – March 14, 840 AD) was a Frankish scholar and courtier.

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Emilio Mola

Emilio Mola y Vidal, 1st Duke of Mola, Grandee of Spain (9 July 1887 – 3 June 1937) was a Spanish Nationalist commander during the Spanish Civil War.

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End of Basque home rule in Spain

The end of Basque home rule or fueros in Spain was a process coming to a head in the period extending from the First Carlist War (1833-1840) to the aftermath of the Third Carlist War (1876-1878).

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Estella (Spanish) or Lizarra (Basque) is a town located in the autonomous community of Navarre, in northern Spain.

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ETA (separatist group)

ETA, an acronym for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna ("Basque Homeland and Liberty"), was an armed leftist Basque nationalist and separatist organization in the Basque Country (in northern Spain and southwestern France).

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Ethnic group

An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.

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Ferdinand II of Aragon

Ferdinand II (Ferrando, Ferran, Errando, Fernando) (10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death.

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FET y de las JONS

The Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista (FET y de las JONS) (English: Traditionalist Spanish Phalanx and of the Councils of the National-Syndicalist Offensive) was the sole legal party of the Francoist State in Spain.

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First Carlist War

The First Carlist War was a civil war in Spain from 1833 to 1840, fought between factions over the succession to the throne and the nature of the Spanish monarchy.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Francoist Spain

Francoist Spain (España franquista) or the Franco regime (Régimen de Franco), formally known as the Spanish State (Estado Español), is the period of Spanish history between 1939, when Francisco Franco took control of Spain after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War establishing a dictatorship, and 1975, when Franco died and Prince Juan Carlos was crowned King of Spain.

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The Franks (Franci or gens Francorum) were a collection of Germanic peoples, whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD, on the edge of the Roman Empire.

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Fuero, Fur, Foro or Foru is a Spanish legal term and concept.

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Fueros of Navarre

The Fueros of Navarre (Fuero General de Navarra, Nafarroako Foru Orokorra, meaning in English General Charter of Navarre) were the laws of the Kingdom of Navarre up to 1841, tracing its origins to the Early Middle Ages and issued from Basque consuetudinary law prevalent across the (western) Pyrenees.

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Gascony (Gascogne; Gascon: Gasconha; Gaskoinia) is an area of southwest France that was part of the "Province of Guyenne and Gascony" prior to the French Revolution.

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Geroa Bai

Geroa Bai (Yes to the Future) is a regional political coalition in the Navarre constituency, created for the 2011 election to the Cortes Generales.

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Gipuzkoa (in Guipúzcoa) is a province of Spain and a historical territory of the autonomous community of the Basque Country.

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Grammatical number

In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").

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Henry IV of France

Henry IV (Henri IV, read as Henri-Quatre; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet Good King Henry, was King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610.

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Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.

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House of Trastámara

The House of Trastámara was a dynasty of kings in Spain, which first governed in Castile beginning in 1369 before expanding its rule into Aragon, Navarre and Naples.

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Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain)

The National Institute of Statistics (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, INE) is the official organisation in Spain that collects statistics about demography, economy, and Spanish society.

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ISO 3166-2:ES

ISO 3166-2:ES is the entry for Spain in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

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Izquierda-Ezkerra (I-E) is a progressive coalition in the constituency of Navarre, Spain.

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Jaime del Burgo

Jaime Ignacio del Burgo (Pamplona, Spain 1942) is a Navarrese lawyer and deputy, a historian and opponent of the inclusion of Navarra in the autonomous Basque Country.

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Jeanne d'Albret

Jeanne d'Albret (Basque: Joana Albretekoa; Occitan: Joana de Labrit; 16 November 1528 – 9 June 1572), also known as Jeanne III, was the queen regnant of Navarre from 1555 to 1572.

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Jesús Aizpún Tuero

Jesús Aizpún Tuero (17 June 1928 – 29 December 1999) was a Spanish politician from the Navarrese People's Union.

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Jiménez dynasty

The Jiménez or Giménez/Ximenes, alternatively called the Jimena, the Sancha, the Banu Sancho, the Abarca or the Banu Abarca,Alberto Cañada Juste, "¿Quién fue Sancho Abarca?, Príncipe de Viana, 73: 79-132.

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A Joalduna is a traditional character of the culture of Navarre, especially in some small villages of the north of Navarre: Ituren and Zubieta.

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Joan Coromines

Joan Coromines i Vigneaux (also frequently spelled Joan Corominas;Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico, by Joan Corominas and José A. Pascual, Editorial Gredos, 1989, Madrid,. Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain 1905 – Pineda de Mar, Catalonia, Spain, 1997) was a linguist who made important contributions to the study of Catalan, Spanish, and other Romance languages.

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John III of Navarre

John III (Jean d'Albret; 1469 – 14 June 1516) was jure uxoris King of Navarre from 1484 until his death, as husband and co-ruler with Queen Catherine.

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Jorge Fernández Díaz

Jorge Fernández Díaz (born 6 April 1950) is a Spanish politician and a member of the Partido Popular (PP).

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Kingdom of Navarre

The Kingdom of Navarre (Nafarroako Erresuma, Reino de Navarra, Royaume de Navarre, Regnum Navarrae), originally the Kingdom of Pamplona (Iruñeko Erresuma), was a Basque-based kingdom that occupied lands on either side of the western Pyrenees, alongside the Atlantic Ocean between present-day Spain and France.

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La Rioja (Spain)

La Rioja is an autonomous community and a province in Spain, located in the north of the Iberian Peninsula.

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A latifundium is a very extensive parcel of privately owned land.

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List of municipalities in Navarre

This is a list of the municipalities in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, Spain.

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List of Navarrese monarchs

This is a list of the kings and queens of Pamplona, later Navarre.

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Lower Navarre

Lower Navarre (Nafarroa Beherea/Baxenabarre, Gascon/Bearnese: Navarra Baisha, Basse-Navarre, Baja Navarra) is a traditional region of the present-day French département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.

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Lucio Urtubia

Lucio Urtubia Jiménez (born 1931 in Cascante, Navarre) is a Spanish anarchist famous for his practice of expropriative anarchism.

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Manuel Godoy

Manuel Godoy y Álvarez de Faria, Prince of the Peace (May 12, 1767October 4, 1851) was Prime Minister of Spain from 1792 to 1797 and from 1801 to 1808.

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Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.

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Mesa de los Tres Reyes

Mesa de los Tres Reyes (Basque: Hiru Erregeen Mahaia, Roncalese Basque: Iror Errege Maia, Aragonese: Meseta d'os Tres Reis, Gascon: Tabla d'eths Tros Rouyes, French: Table des Trois Rois) is a mountain of the Pyrenees.

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Montejurra in Spanish and Jurramendi in Basque are the names of a mountain in Navarre region (Spain).

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The Muladi (mulaˈði, pl. muladíes; mulɐˈði, pl. muladis; muɫəˈðitə or muladí, pl. muladites or muladís; مولد trans. muwallad, pl. مولدون muwalladūn or مولدين muwalladīn) were Muslims of local descent or of mixed Arab, Berber, and Iberian origin, who lived in Al-Andalus during the Middle Ages.

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Navarrese electoral Carlism during the Restoration

Carlism was the dominant political movement in elections in Navarre during the period between the Third Carlist War (ended 1876) and the Primo de Rivera dictatorship (began 1923).

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Navarrese People's Union

The Navarrese People's Union (Unión del Pueblo Navarro), abbreviated to UPN, is a regional conservative political party in Navarre, Spain.

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Navarrese regional election, 2015

The 2015 Navarrese regional election was held on Sunday, 24 May 2015, to elect the 9th Parliament of the Foral Community of Navarre.

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New Navarre

New Navarre (Nueva Navarra, Nafarroa Berria) was a province in the Provincias Internas and under the jurisdiction of the Royal Audience of Guadalajara (Real Audiencia of Guadalajara) of Viceroyalty of New Spain.

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Nouvelle-Aquitaine ("New Aquitaine"; Nòva Aquitània; Akitania Berria; Poitevin-Saintongeais: Novéle-Aguiéne) is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country.

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Official language

An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.

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Oiasso,Ptolemy, 2, 6, 10 OiasonaStrabo, Geographia III, 4, 10.

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The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "European olive", is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands and Réunion.

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Opus Dei

Opus Dei, formally known as The Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei (Praelatura Sanctae Crucis et Operis Dei), is an institution of the Roman Catholic Church which teaches that everyone is called to holiness and that ordinary life is a path to sanctity.

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Pamplona (Pampelune) or Iruña (alternative spelling: Iruñea) is the historical capital city of Navarre, in Spain, and of the former Kingdom of Navarre.

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Parliament of Navarre

The Parliament of Navarre (Spanish Parlamento de Navarra, Basque Nafarroako Parlamentua) or also known as Cortes de Navarra is the Navarre autonomous unicameral parliament.

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People's Party (Spain)

The People's Party (Partido Popular; known mostly by its acronym, PP) is a conservative and Christian democratic political party in Spain.

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Photovoltaics (PV) is a term which covers the conversion of light into electricity using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic effect, a phenomenon studied in physics, photochemistry, and electrochemistry.

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Pic d'Orhy

Mount Orhy (French), also Ori or Orhi in Spanish and Basque, is a mountain at the border of Navarre and Soule, in the Pyrenees, and is high.

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Podemos (Spanish political party)

Podemos (translated in English as "We can") is a political party in Spain founded in March 2014 by political scientist Pablo Iglesias in the aftermath of the 15-M Movement protests against inequality and corruption.

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Provinces of Spain

Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces (provincias,; sing. provincia).

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The Pyrenees (Pirineos, Pyrénées, Pirineus, Pirineus, Pirenèus, Pirinioak) is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between Spain and France.

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Ranked lists of Spanish autonomous communities

This article includes several ranked indicators for Spain's autonomous communities, as well as for the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla.

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The Reconquista (Spanish and Portuguese for the "reconquest") is a name used to describe the period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492.

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Renewable energy

Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.

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Renewable energy in the European Union

The share of energy from renewable sources in gross final consumption of energy continued rising to reach 17% in the European Union in 2016, a doubling of the share attained in 2004 at just 8.5%.

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Romance languages

The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.

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Royal Frankish Annals

The Royal Frankish Annals (Latin: Annales regni Francorum; also Annales Laurissenses maiores and German: Reichsannalen) are Latin annals composed in Carolingian Francia, recording year-by-year the state of the monarchy from 741 (the death of Mayor of the Palace Charles Martel) to 829 (the beginning of the crisis of Louis the Pious).

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San Fermín

The festival of San Fermín is a week-long, historically rooted celebration held annually in the city of Pamplona, Navarre, Spain.

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Second Spanish Republic

The Spanish Republic (República Española), commonly known as the Second Spanish Republic (Segunda República Española), was the democratic government that existed in Spain from 1931 to 1939.

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Senate of Spain

The Senate (Senado) is the upper house of Spain's parliament, the Cortes Generales.

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Sierra de Codés

The Codés Range (Kodesko mendilerroa in Basque and Sierra de Codés in Spanish) is a mountain range of western Navarre, Spain, part of the Basque Mountains.

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Socialist Party of Navarre

The Socialist Party of Navarre (official Spanish language name: Partido Socialista de Navarra) is a regional branch of the mainstream Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), main centre-left party in Spain since the 1970s.

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Southern Basque Country

The Southern Basque Country (Hegoalde, Hego Euskal Herria; Hegoalde, País Vasco y Navarra, País Vasco peninsular) is a term used to refer to the Basque territories within Spain as a unified whole.

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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Spanish Civil War

The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.

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Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre

Spanish conquest of the Iberian part of Navarre was commenced by Ferdinand II of Aragon and completed by Charles V in a series of military campaigns extending from 1512 to 1524, while the war lasted until 1528 in the Navarre to the north of the Pyrenees.

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Spanish constitutional referendum, 1978

A Spanish constitutional referendum was held on Wednesday, 6 December 1978, to gauge support for either the ratification or repealing of the Spanish Constitution which had been approved by the Cortes Generales on 31 October 1978.

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Spanish language

Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.

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Spanish Socialist Workers' Party

The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español; PSOE) is a social-democraticThe PSOE is described as a social-democratic party by numerous sources.

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Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country

The Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country (Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoko Estatutua; Estatuto de Autonomía del País Vasco), widely known as the Statute of Gernika (Gernikako Estatutua; Estatuto de Guernica), is the legal document organizing the political system of the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country' (Basque: Euskadiko Autonomi Erkidegoa) which includes the historical territories of Alava, Biscay and Gipuzkoa.

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Tafalla is a town and municipality located in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, northern Spain.

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In the history of the Iberian Peninsula, a taifa (from طائفة ṭā'ifa, plural طوائف ṭawā'if) was an independent Muslim-ruled principality, of which a number were formed in Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) after the final collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031.

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Third Carlist War

The Third Carlist War (Tercera Guerra Carlista) (1872–1876) was the last Carlist War in Spain.

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Tudela, Navarre

Tudela is a municipality in Spain, the second largest city of the autonomous community of Navarre and twice a former Latin bishopric.

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Txamantxoia or Maze (Chamanchoya) (1,945 m) is a mountain in the Pyrenees.

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Unión General de Trabajadores

The Unión General de Trabajadores (UGT, General Union of Workers) is a major Spanish trade union, historically affiliated with the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).

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Union of the Democratic Centre (Spain)

The Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD, also translated as "Democratic Centre Union") was an electoral coalition, and later political party, in Spain, existing from 1977 to 1983.

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University of Navarra

The University of Navarra is a private not-for-profit university located on the southeast border of Pamplona, Spain.

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The Urbasa Range (Urbasa mendilerroa in Basque and Sierra de Urbasa in Spanish) is a mountain range of western Navarre, Spain, part of the Basque Mountains.

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Uxue Barkos

Miren Uxue Barkos Berruezo (born 5 July 1964 in Pamplona), simply known as Uxue Barkos, is a Spanish journalist and politician, the current President of Navarre.

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The Vascones (singular Vasco, in the Spanish-language Auñamendi Encyclopedia. from Latin gens Vasconum) were a pre-Roman tribe who, on the arrival of the Romans in the 1st century, inhabited a territory that spanned between the upper course of the Ebro river and the southern basin of the western Pyrenees, a region that coincides with present-day Navarre, western Aragon and northeastern La Rioja, in the Iberian Peninsula.

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Vasconic languages

The Vasconic languages (from Latin vasco "Basque") are a putative family of languages that includes Basque and the extinct Aquitanian language.

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Víctor Pradera Larumbe

Juan Víctor Pradera Larumbe (1872–1936) was a Spanish political theorist and a Carlist politician.

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Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.

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Victims of Civil War in Navarre

The Victims of the Civil War in Navarre resulted from the repression exerted by those alienated from the Second Spanish Republic, in a territory quickly controlled by the government, without actual war.

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Villava (Atarrabia) is a town and municipality located in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, northern Spain.

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Viscounty of Béarn

The Viscounty, later Principality, of Béarn (Gascon: Bearn or Biarn) was a medieval lordship in the far south of France, part of the Duchy of Gascony from the late ninth century.

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The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.

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War in the North

The War in the North, in the Spanish Civil War was the campaign in which the Nationalist forces defeated and occupied the parts of northern Spain that remained loyal to the Republican government.

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Water turbine

A water turbine is a rotary machine that converts kinetic energy and potential energy of water into mechanical work.

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Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.

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Wind farm

A wind farm is a group of wind turbines in the same location used to produce electricity.

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Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.

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Yolanda Barcina

Yolanda Barcina Angulo (4 April 1960 in Burgos) is a conservative Spanish politician who was the mayor of Pamplona, Navarre from 1999 to 2011, and elected the chairwoman of the Navarrese People's Union (UPN) in 2009.

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Zizur Mayor/Zizur Nagusia

Zizur Mayor (Basque: Zizur Nagusia) is a municipality in the Spanish autonomous community of Navarra, Northern Spain.

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Chartered Community of Navarre, Comunidad Foral de Navarra, Foral Community of Navarre, History of Navarre, Nafarroa, Nafarroa (province), Nafarroako, Nafarroako Foru Erkidegoa, Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea, Navarra, Navarra (Autonomous Community), Navarra (province), Navarra Autonomous Community, Navarra Autonomous Community, Spain, Navarra Province, Navarran, Navarran people, Navarre (province), Navarre Province, Navarrese, Navarrese people, Province of Nafarroa, Province of Navarra, Province of Navarre, Upper Navarre.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Navarre

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