171 relations: Anglo-Normans, Annals of the Four Masters, Apostolic Palace, Archbishop of Tuam, Ardfert, Armagh, Ó Cléirigh, Ó Frighil, Ballymote, Ballyshannon Castle, Battle of Creadran Cille, Battle of Farsetmore, Battle of Knockavoe, Battle of the Milvian Bridge, Bernard Burke, Bernard de Gordon, Bleeding, Branches of the Cenél Conaill, Branches of the Cenél nEógain, Bratislava, Breslin, Brian Ua Néill, Brussels, Bubonic plague, Calvagh O'Donnell, Cardinal (Catholic Church), Carlos O'Donnell, 2nd Duke of Tetuan, Cathach of St. Columba, Charles Lysaght, Charles Mosley (genealogist), Charles Patrick Meehan, Chi Rho, Chief of the Name, Columba, Conall Gulban, Connacht, Conseil d'État (France), Constantine the Great, Cormac MacDonlevy, Countship of Lucena, County Donegal, County Fermanagh, County Galway, County Londonderry, County Tyrone, Crínán of Dunkeld, Crosier, Dál Fiatach, Dál Riata, Differential diagnosis, ..., Domhnall Óg Ó Domhnaill, Donald, Donegal, Donegal Abbey, Donegal Castle, Donlevy, Duke of Tetuán, Earl of Fingall, Earl of Kerry, Earl of Tyrconnell, Early Irish law, Eógan mac Néill, Elizabeth Plunket, Enrique O'Donnell, Conde de La Bisbal, Fingal, Flight of the Earls, France, Franciscans, Gaelic Ireland, Gaelic nobility of Ireland, Gallagher (surname), Genealogical Office, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Glenties, Gofraidh Ó Domhnaill, Guillermo O'Donnell, Henry II of England, Henry Sidney, Herenagh, High King of Ireland, House of Dunkeld, House of Stuart, Hugh O'Donnell, 2nd Earl of Tyrconnell, Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, Hugh Roe O'Donnell, Hugo O'Donnell, 7th Duke of Tetuan, Iain Moncreiffe, In hoc signo vinces, Inishowen, Ireland, Irish language, Irish nobility, Jacobitism, James II of England, James VI and I, Jean Louis Barthélemy O'Donnell, Jocelyn of Furness, John de Courcy, John Redmond, Juan O'Donnell, 3rd Duke of Tetuan, Karl O'Donnell, Kings of Tír Chonaill, Kingship of Tara, Kinsale, Knights Templar, La Rochelle, Labarum, Leath Cuinn and Leath Moga, Leech, Legion of Honour, Leopoldo O'Donnell, 1st Duke of Tetuan, Leuven, Lifford, List of kings of Ulster, List of Scottish monarchs, Lughaidh Ó Cléirigh, Mac an Bhaird, Mac Suibhne, Manus O'Donnell, Marquisate of Altamira, Maurice O'Donnell, Maximilian Karl Lamoral O'Donnell, Mícheál Ó Cléirigh, McMenamin, McSweeney, Muiris mac Donnchadh Ulltach Ó Duinnshléibhe, Muiris mac Seaán Ulltach Ó Duinnshléibhe, Napoleon, Niall Ó Glacáin, Niall Garve O'Donnel, Niall of the Nine Hostages, Nine Years' War (Ireland), O'Donnell Abú, O'Donnell baronets, O'Donnell dynasty, O'Neill dynasty, Patrick Denis O'Donnell, Patrick O'Donnell (cardinal), Peadar O'Donnell, Peerage of Ireland, Petechia, Plantation of Ulster, Pope Paul V, Priory, Raphoe, Roman Empire, Rome, Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, Royal Irish Academy, Saint Patrick, Scala Regia, Scotland, Siege of Kinsale, Simancas, Sligo, Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Spain, St. Peter's Basilica, Surrender and regrant, Tanistry, Thomas O'Donnell (Irish nationalist politician), Treaty of Mellifont, Trier, Tyrconnell, Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, Uí Néill, Ulaid, Ulster, Vexillum, Walt Disney, Zimbabwe. Expand index (121 more) » « Shrink index
The Anglo-Normans were the medieval ruling class in England, composed mainly of a combination of ethnic Anglo-Saxons, Normans and French, following the Norman conquest.
The Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland (Annála Ríoghachta Éireann) or the Annals of the Four Masters (Annála na gCeithre Máistrí) are chronicles of medieval Irish history.
The Apostolic Palace (Palatium Apostolicum; Palazzo Apostolico) is the official residence of the Roman Catholic Pope and Bishop of Rome, which is located in Vatican City.
The Archbishop of Tuam (Ard-Easpag Tuaim) is an archiepiscopal title which takes its name after the town of Tuam in County Galway, Ireland.
Ardfert is a village in County Kerry, Ireland.
Armagh is the county town of County Armagh and a city in Northern Ireland, as well as a civil parish.
O'Cleary (Ó Cléirigh) is the surname of a learned Gaelic Irish family whose members appear in historical records dating to the mid-Medieval Period.
Ó Frighil, Ó Fearghial (anglicised O'Friel) is a surname of Tyrconnell (modern-day County Donegal).
Ballymote is a market town in southern County Sligo in the province of Connacht, in the north-west of Ireland.
Ballyshannon Castle was a castle at Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Ireland.
The Battle of Creadran Cille was fought in 1257 between the Gaels of Tír Chonaill, led by Gofraidh Ó Domhnaill, and the Normans, led by Maurice FitzGerald.
The Battle of Farsetmore was fought near Letterkenny in County Donegal, north-western Ireland, on 8 May 1567, between the O'Neill and O'Donnell Túath.
The Battle of Knockavoe (Cnoc-Buidhbh), was fought in 1522 between the O'Donnells, led by Hugh Dubh O'Donnell and Manus O'Donnell, against the O'Neills, in which the O'Neills and their supporters were surprised and routed.
The Battle of the Milvian Bridge took place between the Roman Emperors Constantine I and Maxentius on 28 October 312.
Sir John Bernard Burke, (5 January 181412 December 1892) was a British genealogist and Ulster King of Arms, who helped publish Burke's Peerage.
Bernard de Gordon (Bernardus Gordonensis; 1270 - 1330) was a French doctor and professor of medicine at the University of Montpellier from 1285.
Bleeding, also known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging, is blood escaping from the circulatory system.
The Cenél Conaill, or "kindred of Conall", are a branch of the Northern Uí Néill, who claim descent from Conall Gulban, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, and allegedly the first Irish nobleman to convert to Christianity.
The Cenél nEógain or Kinel-Owen ("Kindred of Owen") are a branch of the Northern Uí Néill, who claim descent from Eógan mac Néill, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages.
Bratislava (Preßburg or Pressburg, Pozsony) is the capital of Slovakia.
Breslin (Irish: Ó Breasláin) is a surname of Irish origin.
Brian mac Néill Ruaidh Ó Néill (died 14 May 1260), also known as Brian O'Neill, was the High King of Ireland from 1258 to 1260.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis.
Calvagh O'Donnell (Irish: Calbhach Ó Domhnaill, born c. 1515, died 26 November 1566), eldest son of Manus O'Donnell, was an Irish King of Tyrconnell of the mid-16th century.
A cardinal (Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae cardinalis, literally Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church) is a senior ecclesiastical leader, considered a Prince of the Church, and usually an ordained bishop of the Roman Catholic Church.
Don Carlos Manuel O'Donnell y Álvarez de Abreu, 2nd Duke of Tetuan Grandee of Spain, 9th Marquis of Altamira and 2nd Count of Lucena (Valencia, 1 June 1834 – Madrid, 9 February 1903) was a Spanish noble and politician who served four times as Minister of State, the name which then received the Spanish Foreign Minister.
The Cathach of St.
Charles Lysaght is an Irish lawyer, biographer,and occasional columnist.
Charles Gordon Mosley FRSA (14 September 1948 – 5 November 2013) was a British genealogist who was among the foremost experts on British nobility.
Charles Patrick Meehan (12 July 1812 – 14 March 1890) was an Irish Catholic priest, historian and editor.
The Chi Rho (also known as chrismon or sigla) is one of the earliest forms of christogram, formed by superimposing the first two (capital) letters—chi and rho (ΧΡ)—of the Greek word ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ (Christos) in such a way that the vertical stroke of the rho intersects the center of the chi.
The Chief of the Name, or in older English usage Captain of his Nation, is the recognised head of a family or clan (clann in Irish and Scottish Gaelic).
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Saint Columba (Colm Cille, 'church dove'; Columbkille; 7 December 521 – 9 June 597) was an Irish abbot and missionary credited with spreading Christianity in what is today Scotland at the start of the Hiberno-Scottish mission.
Conall Gulban (died c. 464) was an Irish king and eponymous ancestor of the Cenél Conaill, who founded the kingdom of Tír Chonaill in the 5th century, comprising much of what is now County Donegal in Ulster.
ConnachtPage five of An tOrdú Logainmneacha (Contaetha agus Cúigí) 2003 clearly lists the official spellings of the names of the four provinces of the country with Connacht listed for both languages; when used without the term 'The province of' / 'Cúige'.
In France, the Council of State (Conseil d'État) is a body of the French national government that acts both as legal adviser of the executive branch and as the supreme court for administrative justice.
Constantine the Great (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February 272 ADBirth dates vary but most modern historians use 272". Lenski, "Reign of Constantine" (CC), 59. – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor of Illyrian and Greek origin from 306 to 337 AD.
Cormac MacDonlevy (anglicised from Irish Mac Dunnshleibhe) or Cormac Ultaigh, sometimes, also spelled Ultach, (fl. c. 1460) was an influential medieval Irish physician and medical scholar of the Arabian school educated at Universities on the Continent.
The Countship of Lucena (Condado de Lucena) is a Spanish hereditary comital title conferred on General Leopoldo O'Donnell y Joris by Queen Isabella II of Spain, on 25 July 1847.
County Donegal (Contae Dhún na nGall) is a county of Ireland in the province of Ulster.
County Fermanagh is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland and one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.
County Galway (Contae na Gaillimhe) is a county in Ireland.
County Londonderry (Contae Dhoire; Ulster-Scots: Coontie Lunnonderrie), also known as County Derry, is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.
County Tyrone is one of the six historic counties of Northern Ireland.
Crínán of Dunkeld (died 1045) was the hereditary abbot of the monastery of Dunkeld, and perhaps the Mormaer of Atholl.
A crosier (also known as a crozier, paterissa, pastoral staff, or bishop's staff) is a stylized staff carried by high-ranking Roman Catholic, Eastern Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican, and some Lutheran, United Methodist and Pentecostal prelates.
Dál Fiatach was a Gaelic dynastic-grouping and the name of their territory in the north-east of Ireland during the Middle Ages.
Dál Riata or Dál Riada (also Dalriada) was a Gaelic overkingdom that included parts of western Scotland and northeastern Ireland, on each side of the North Channel.
In medicine, a differential diagnosis is the distinguishing of a particular disease or condition from others that present similar clinical features.
Domhnall Óg Ó Domhnaill (c.1242-1281) was a medieval Irish king of Tír Chonaill and member of the O'Donnell dynasty.
Donald is a masculine given name derived from the Gaelic name Dòmhnall.
Donegal or Donegal Town is a town in County Donegal in Ulster, Ireland.
Donegal Abbey is a ruined Franciscan Priory in Donegal in Ireland.
Donegal Castle (Caisleán Dhún na nGall) is a castle situated in the centre of Donegal Town in County Donegal in Ulster, Ireland.
Donlevy is a surname of Irish origin.
Duke of Tetuan (Duque de Tetuán) is a hereditary title in the Spanish nobility.
Baron Killeen and Earl of Fingall were titles in the Peerage of Ireland.
Baron Kerry is an ancient title in the Peerage of Ireland.
The title Earl of Tyrconnell has been created four times in the Peerage of Ireland.
Early Irish law, also called Brehon law, comprised the statutes which governed everyday life in Early Medieval Ireland.
Eógan mac Néill (modern orthography: Eoghan mac Néill) (reportedly died 465) was a son of Niall Noígiallach and the eponymous ancestor of the Cenél nEógain branch of the Northern Uí Néill, who founded the over-kingdom of Ailech and later Tír Eoghain.
Elizabeth FitzGerald (before 1597–1611) was the first wife of Lucas Plunket, who succeeded as Baron Killeen in 1613, and who in due course became the 1st Earl of Fingall in 1628.
Enrique José O'Donnell y Anatar, conde de La Bisbal or (English: Henry O'Donnell) (1769 in San Sebastián – 17 May 1834 in Montpellier) was a Spanish general of Irish descent who fought in the Peninsular War.
Fingal is a county in Ireland.
The Flight of the Earls (Irish: Imeacht na nIarlaí) took place on 4 September 1607, when Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone and Red Hugh O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, and about ninety followers left Ulster in Ireland for mainland Europe.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The Franciscans are a group of related mendicant religious orders within the Catholic Church, founded in 1209 by Saint Francis of Assisi.
Gaelic Ireland (Éire Ghaidhealach) was the Gaelic political and social order, and associated culture, that existed in Ireland from the prehistoric era until the early 17th century.
This article concerns the Gaelic nobility of Ireland from ancient to modern times.
Gallagher (Ó Gallchobhair, Ó Gallchobhoir; Modern Ó Gallachóir) is an Irish Gaelic clan based most prominently in what is today County Donegal.
The Genealogical Office is an office of the Government of Ireland containing genealogical records.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini (also Gianlorenzo or Giovanni Lorenzo; 7 December 1598 – 28 November 1680) was an Italian sculptor and architect.
Glenties is a village in County Donegal, Ireland.
Gofraidh Ó Domhnaill was a King of Tír Chonaill and the first chieftain of mark in the O'Donnell dynasty.
Guillermo A. O'Donnell (February 24, 1936 – November 29, 2011) was a prominent Argentine political scientist, who spent most of his career working in Argentina and the United States, and who made lasting contributions to theorizing on authoritarianism and democratization, democracy and the state, and the politics of Latin America.
Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.
Sir Henry Sidney (1529 – 5 May 1586), Lord Deputy of Ireland, was the eldest son of Sir William Sidney of Penshurst, a prominent politician and courtier during the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI, from both of whom he received extensive grants of land, including the manor of Penshurst in Kent, which became the principal residence of the family.
A Herenagh was the chief elect of a sept (family group) in medieval times in Ireland, and was a lay official of church lands.
The High Kings of Ireland (Ard-Rí na hÉireann) were sometimes historical and sometimes legendary figures who had, or who are claimed to have had, lordship over the whole of Ireland.
The House of Dunkeld, in Scottish Gaelic Dùn Chailleann (meaning Fort of the Caledonii or of the Caledonians), is a historiographical and genealogical construct to illustrate the clear succession of Scottish kings from 1034 to 1040 and from 1058 to 1290.
The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a European royal house that originated in Scotland.
Hugh O'Donnell, 2nd Earl of Tyrconnell (October 1606 – August/September 1642) (originally known in Irish as Aodh mac Rudhraighe Ó Domhnaill), was titular King of Tír Conaill, and son of Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell whose title was however attainted.
Hugh O'Neill (Irish: Aodh Mór Ó Néill; literally Hugh The Great O'Neill; c. 1550 – 20 July 1616), was an Irish Gaelic lord, Earl of Tyrone (known as the Great Earl) and was later created The Ó Néill.
Hugh Roe O'Donnell (Irish: Aodh Ruadh Ó Domhnaill), also known as Red Hugh O'Donnell (30 October 1572 – 10 September 1602), was "The O'Donnell" and king of Tyrconnell.
Don Hugo O'Donnell, 7th Duke of Tetuan (born 29 September 1948), also known as Hugo O'Donnell y Duque de Estrada, is a Spanish Grandee.
Sir Rupert Iain Kay Moncreiffe of that Ilk, 11th Baronet, CVO, QC (9 April 1919 – 27 February 1985), Chief of Clan Moncreiffe, was a British Officer of Arms and genealogist.
"In hoc signo vinces" is a Latin phrase meaning "In this sign you will conquer", often also rendered in early modern English as "In this sign thou shalt conquer".
Inishowen is a peninsula in County Donegal, Republic of Ireland.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
The Irish nobility consists of persons who fall into one or more of the following categories of nobility.
Jacobitism (Seumasachas, Seacaibíteachas, Séamusachas) was a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James II of England and Ireland (as James VII in Scotland) and his heirs to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland.
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625.
Comte Jean Louis Barthelemy O'Donnell (1783–1836), was born in Maine-et-Loire, France, and was a Hiberno-French count who survived the French Revolution, campaigned in Italy and Spain under Napoleon Bonaparte, and played a prominent role in local government in France.
Jocelyn of Furness (fl. 1175-1214) was an English Cistercian hagiographer, known for his Lives of Saint Waltheof, Saint Patrick, Saint Kentigern and Saint Helena of Constantinople.
Sir John de Courcy (also Courci; 1150–1219) was an Anglo-Norman knight who arrived in Ireland in 1176.
John Edward Redmond (1 September 1856 – 6 March 1918) was an Irish nationalist politician, barrister, and MP in the British House of Commons.
Don Juan O'Donnell y Vargas, III Duke of Tetuan, Grandee of Spain, III Conde de Lucena, Cavalry Colonel, Director of the School of Military Riding, was born in Madrid in 1864.
General Karl O'Donnell, Count of Tyronnel (1715–1771) held important commands in the Austrian army during the Seven Years' War.
Tír Ċonaıll (anglicized as Tyrconnell) was the name of a kingdom which covered much of what is now County Donegal.
The term Kingship of Tara was a title of authority in ancient Ireland.
Kinsale (meaning "Tide Head") is a historic port and fishing town in County Cork, Ireland, which also has significant military history.
The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar or simply as Templars, were a Catholic military order recognised in 1139 by papal bull Omne Datum Optimum of the Holy See.
La Rochelle is a city in western France and a seaport on the Bay of Biscay, a part of the Atlantic Ocean.
The labarum (λάβαρον) was a vexillum (military standard) that displayed the "Chi-Rho" symbol ☧, a christogram formed from the first two Greek letters of the word "Christ" (ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ, or Χριστός) — Chi (χ) and Rho (ρ).
Leath Cuinn (Conn's Half) and Leath Moga (Mugh's half) refers to a legendary ancient division of Ireland.
Leeches are segmented parasitic or predatory worm-like animals that belong to the phylum Annelida and comprise the subclass Hirudinea.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
Don Leopoldo O'Donnell y Jorris, 1st Duke of Tetuan, 1st Count of Lucena, 1st Viscount of Aliaga, Grandee of Spain, (Spanish: Leopoldo O'Donnell y Jorris, I duque de Tetuán, I conde de Lucena, I vizconde de Aliaga, grande de España) (12 January 1809 – 5 November 1867), was a Spanish general and statesman.
Leuven or Louvain (Louvain,; Löwen) is the capital of the province of Flemish Brabant in Belgium.
Lifford (historically anglicised as Liffer) is the county town of County Donegal, Ireland.
The King of Ulster (Old Irish: Rí Ulad, Modern Irish: Rí Uladh) also known as the King of Ulaid and King of the Ulaid, refers to the kings of the Irish provincial over-kingdom of Ulaid.
The monarch of Scotland was the head of state of the Kingdom of Scotland.
Lughaidh Ó Cléirigh (fl. 1603 – 1616), sometimes anglicised as Lewey O'Clery, was an Irish Gaelic poet and historian.
The Mac an Bháird family (Clann an Bháird) was one of the learned families of late medieval Ireland.
The Gaelic surname Mac Suibhne is a patronymic form of Suibhne and means "son of Suibhne".
Manus O'Donnell (Irish: Manus Ó Domhnaill, died 1564), was an Irish lord, son of Hugh Duff O'Donnell.
The Marquises of Altamira are Spanish Nobility which further enhanced their wealth and influence in New Spain, and the rest of the Spanish colonies in America.
Comte Maurice O’Donnell de Tyrconnell (Moritz Graf O’Donnell von Tyrconnell; 1780–1843) was an Austro-Irish count, born in Vienna.
Maximilian Karl Lamoral Graf O’Donnell von Tyrconnell (October 29, 1812 — July 14, 1895) was an Austrian officer and civil servant who became famous when he helped save the life of Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria.
Mícheál Ó Cléirigh (c. 1590 – 1643), sometimes known as Michael O'Clery, was an Irish chronicler, scribe and antiquary and chief author of the Annals of the Four Masters, assisted by Cú Choigcríche Ó Cléirigh, Fearfeasa Ó Maol Chonaire, and Peregrinus Ó Duibhgeannain.
McMenamin is an Irish surname.
McSweeney Is a surname of Irish origin.
Muiris mac Donnchadh Ulltach Ó Duinnshléibhe, aka Father Muiris Ulltach, Irish cleric, fl.
Muiris mac Seaán Ulltach Ó Duinnshléibhe, aka Father Muiris Ulltach, fl.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Niall Ó Glacáin, or Nellanus Glacanus (c. 1563–1653) was an Irish physician active in Italy.
Niall Garve O'Donnell (Niall Garbh Ó Domhnaill; 1569 – 1626) was an Irish chieftain, alternately an ally of and rebel against English rule in Ireland.
Niall Noígíallach (Old Irish "having nine hostages"), or in English, Niall of the Nine Hostages, was a prehistoric Irish king, the ancestor of the Uí Néill dynasties that dominated the northern half of Ireland from the 6th to the 10th century.
The Nine Years' War or Tyrone's Rebellion took place in Ireland from 1593 to 1603.
"O'Donnell Abú" is a traditional Irish song.
The O'Donnell Baronetcy, of Newport House in the County of Mayo, was a title in the Baronetage of Ireland.
The O'Donnell dynasty (Ó Dónaill or Ó Domhnaill or Ó Doṁnaill; derived from the Irish name Domhnall, which means "ruler of the world", Dónall in modern Irish) were an ancient and powerful Irish family, kings, princes and lords of Tyrconnell (Tír Chonaill in Irish, now County Donegal) in early times, and the chief allies and sometimes rivals of the O'Neills in Ulster.
The O'Neill dynasty (Ó Néill) is a group of families, ultimately all of Irish Gaelic origin, that have held prominent positions and titles in Ireland and elsewhere.
Patrick Denis O'Donnell (9 January 1922 – 1 January 2005) was an Irish military historian, writer, former UN peace-keeper, and Commandant of the Irish Defence Forces.
Patrick Joseph O'Donnell (28 November 1856 – 22 November 1927) was an Irish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Peadar O'Donnell (Peadar Ó Domhnaill; 22 February 1893 – 13 May 1986) was one of the foremost radicals of 20th-century Ireland.
The Peerage of Ireland consists of those titles of nobility created by the English monarchs in their capacity as Lord or King of Ireland, or later by monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
A petechia, plural petechiae, is a small (1–2 mm) red or purple spot on the skin, caused by a minor bleed from broken capillary blood vessels.
The Plantation of Ulster (Plandáil Uladh; Ulster-Scots: Plantin o Ulstèr) was the organised colonisation (plantation) of Ulstera province of Irelandby people from Great Britain during the reign of James VI and I. Most of the colonists came from Scotland and England, although there was a small number of Welsh settlers.
Pope Paul V (Paulus V; Paolo V) (17 September 1550 – 28 January 1621), born Camillo Borghese, was Pope from 16 May 1605 to his death in 1621.
A priory is a monastery of men or women under religious vows that is headed by a prior or prioress.
Raphoe is a town in County Donegal in Ulster, Ireland.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Rory O'Donnell (Irish: Rudhraighe Ó Domhnaill) (1575 – 30 July 1608) was the last King of Tyrconnell and 1st earl of Tyrconnell.
The Royal Irish Academy (RIA) (Acadamh Ríoga na hÉireann), based in Dublin, is an all-Ireland independent academic body that promotes study and excellence in the sciences, and humanities and social sciences.
Saint Patrick (Patricius; Pádraig; Padrig) was a fifth-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland.
Scala Regia (Royal Staircase) is a term referring to a number of majestic entrance staircases, including.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The Siege or Battle of Kinsale (Léigear/Cath Chionn tSáile) was the ultimate battle in England's conquest of Gaelic Ireland, commencing in October 1601, near the end of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, and at the climax of the Nine Years War—a campaign by Hugh O'Neill, Hugh Roe O'Donnell and other Irish lords against English rule.
Simancas is a town and municipality of central Spain, located in the province of Valladolid, part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
Sligo (—) is a coastal seaport and the county town of County Sligo, Ireland, within the western province of Connacht.
The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta (Supremus Ordo Militaris Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani Rhodius et Melitensis), also known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM) or the Order of Malta, is a Catholic lay religious order traditionally of military, chivalrous and noble nature.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The Papal Basilica of St.
During the Tudor conquest of Ireland (c.1540–1603), "surrender and regrant" was the legal mechanism by which Irish clans were to be converted from a power structure rooted in clan and kin loyalties, to a late-feudal system under the English legal system.
Tanistry is a Gaelic system for passing on titles and lands.
Thomas O'Donnell (30 November 1871 – 11 June 1943) was an Irish nationalist politician of the Irish Parliamentary Party who served as Member of Parliament (MP) for West Kerry from 1900 to 1918 representing the constituency in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Treaty of Mellifont (Conradh na Mainistreach Móire), also known as the Articles of Mellifont, was signed in 1603 and ended the Nine Years' War which took place in the Kingdom of Ireland from 1594 to 1603.
Trier (Tréier), formerly known in English as Treves (Trèves) and Triers (see also names in other languages), is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle.
Tyrconnell, also spelled Tirconnell, was a kingdom of Gaelic Ireland, associated geographically with present-day County Donegal.
Uí Fhiachrach Aidhne (also known as Hy Fiachrach) was a kingdom located in what is now the south of County Galway.
The Uí Néill (Irish pronunciation:, descendants of Niall) are Irish and Scottish dynasties who claim descent from Niall Noigiallach (Niall of the Nine Hostages), a historical King of Tara who died about 405.
Ulaid (Old Irish) or Ulaidh (modern Irish)) was a Gaelic over-kingdom in north-eastern Ireland during the Middle Ages, made up of a confederation of dynastic groups. Alternative names include Ulidia, which is the Latin form of Ulaid, as well as in Chóicid, which in Irish means "the Fifth". The king of Ulaid was called the rí Ulad or rí in Chóicid. Ulaid also refers to a people of early Ireland, and it is from them that the province derives its name. Some of the dynasties within the over-kingdom claimed descent from the Ulaid, whilst others are cited as being of Cruithin descent. In historical documents, the term Ulaid was used to refer to the population-group, of which the Dál Fiatach was the ruling dynasty. As such the title Rí Ulad held two meanings: over-king of Ulaid; and king of the Ulaid, as in the Dál Fiatach. The Ulaid feature prominently in the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology. According to legend, the ancient territory of Ulaid spanned the whole of the modern province of Ulster, excluding County Cavan, but including County Louth. Its southern border was said to stretch from the River Drowes in the west to the River Boyne in the east. At the onset of the historic period of Irish history in the 6th century, the territory of Ulaid was largely confined to east of the River Bann, as it is said to have lost land to the Airgíalla and the Northern Uí Néill. Ulaid ceased to exist after its conquest in the late 12th century by the Anglo-Norman knight John de Courcy, and was replaced with the Earldom of Ulster. An individual from Ulaid was known in Irish as an Ultach, the nominative plural being Ultaigh. This name lives on in the surname McAnulty or McNulty, from Mac an Ultaigh ("son of the Ulsterman").
Ulster (Ulaidh or Cúige Uladh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr or Ulster) is a province in the north of the island of Ireland.
The vexillum (plural vexilla) was a flag-like object used as a military standard by units in the Ancient Roman army.
Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.