122 relations: Advanced Photo System, Alpa, Aluminium, Angénieux retrofocus, Aperture, Aperture priority, Asahi Pentax, Asahiflex, Autofocus, Beam splitter, Bronica, Cadmium sulfide, Camera, Canon Canonflex, Canon EOS-1N, Canon FD lens mount, Canon Inc., Canon Pellix, Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Carl Zeiss AG, Casio, Charge-coupled device, CMOS, Contaflex SLR, Contarex, Contax, Contax N Digital, Contrast ratio, Depth of field, Digital photography, Digital single-lens reflex camera, Dresden, Electronic viewfinder, Exakta, Film format, Film scanner, Focal-plane shutter, Focus (optics), Focusing screen, Four Thirds system, Fujifilm, Gamut, Hasselblad, Hot shoe, Hungary, Image stabilization, Instant return mirror, Japan, Kamera-Werkstätten, Kevlar, ..., Kine Exakta, Kodak, Konica, Large format, Leica Camera, Leica R bayonet, Lenses for SLR and DSLR cameras, Light meter, Light-emitting diode, Liquid-crystal display, Long-focus lens, Macro photography, Mamiya, Medium format (film), Metering mode, Minolta Maxxum 7000, Minolta SR-mount, Miranda T (camera), Mirror lock-up, Motor drive, Narciss camera, Nidec Copal Corporation, Nikon, Nikon F, Nikon F2, Nikon F3, Nikon F5, Olympus Corporation, Olympus E-300, Olympus OM-2, Olympus Pen, Olympus Pen F, Panasonic Lumix DMC-L1, Parallax, Pellicle mirror, Pentaprism, Pentax, Pentax Auto 110, Pentax ME F, Pentax Spotmatic, Photographic film, Photokina, Pixel, Point-and-shoot camera, Porro prism, Rangefinder camera, Rectaflex, Refresh rate, Scheimpflug principle, Shutter (photography), Shutter lag, Shutter priority, Sony, Sony SLT camera, Soviet Union, System camera, Thomas Sutton (photographer), Through-the-lens metering, Tilt–shift photography, Titanium, Topcon RE Super, Twin-lens reflex camera, View camera, Viewfinder, Waist-level finder, Wide-angle lens, World War II, Yashica, 110 film, 120 film, 135 film, 35mm format. Expand index (72 more) » « Shrink index
Advanced Photo System (APS) is a discontinued film format for still photography first produced in 1996.
Alpa was formerly a Swiss camera design company and manufacturer of 35 mm SLR cameras.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
The Angénieux retrofocus photographic lens is a wide-angle lens design that uses an inverted telephoto configuration.
In optics, an aperture is a hole or an opening through which light travels.
Aperture priority, often abbreviated A or Av (for aperture value) on a camera mode dial, is a setting on some cameras that allows the user to set a specific aperture value (f-number) while the camera selects a shutter speed to match it that will result in proper exposure based on the lighting conditions as measured by the camera's light meter.
The Asahi Pentax series, by the, was a pivotal development in modern photography.
The Asahiflex was a 35mm single-lens reflex camera built by the Asahi Optical Corporation (later to become Pentax).
An autofocus (or AF) optical system uses a sensor, a control system and a motor to focus on an automatically or manually selected point or area.
A beam splitter is an optical device that splits a beam of light in two.
Bronica also Zenza Bronica (in Japanese) was a Japanese manufacturer of classic medium-format roll film cameras and photographic equipment based in Tokyo, Japan.
Cadmium sulfide is the inorganic compound with the formula CdS.
A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both.
The Canonflex is a Canon 35 mm film single-lens reflex (SLR) camera introduced in May 1959.
The EOS-1N is a 35mm single lens reflex (SLR) camera body produced by Canon.
The Canon FD lens mount is a physical standard for connecting a photographic lens to a 35mm single-lens reflex camera body.
is a Japanese multinational corporation specializing in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, photocopiers, steppers, computer printers and medical equipment. It's headquartered in Ōta, Tokyo, Japan."." Canon. Retrieved on 13 January 2009. Canon has a primary listing on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the TOPIX index. It has a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange.
The Canon Pellix is a manual focus camera released in 1965 that uses a semitransparent stationary reflex mirror behind which a metering cell is raised during the reading.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.
Carl Zeiss, branded as ZEISS, is a German manufacturer of optical systems, industrial measurements and medical devices, founded in Jena, Germany in 1846 by optician Carl Zeiss.
is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and commercial electronics manufacturing company headquartered in Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor, abbreviated as CMOS, is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.
The Contaflex series is a family of 35mm leaf-shuttered SLR cameras, produced by Zeiss Ikon in the 1950s and 1960s.
The Contarex is a 35mm SLR camera presented in 1958 scheduled for delivery in the spring of 1959, but it was not made generally available until March 1960.
Contax began as a camera model in the Zeiss Ikon line in 1932, and later became a brand name.
The Contax N Digital was a six-megapixel digital SLR camera produced by Contax in Japan.
The contrast ratio is a property of a display system, defined as the ratio of the luminance of the brightest color (white) to that of the darkest color (black) that the system is capable of producing.
In optics, particularly as it relates to film and photography, the optical phenomenon known as depth of field (DOF), is the distance about the Plane of Focus (POF) where objects appear acceptably sharp in an image.
Digital photography is a form of photography that uses cameras containing arrays of electronic photodetectors to capture images focused by a lens, as opposed to an exposure on photographic film.
A digital single-lens reflex camera (also called digital SLR or DSLR) is a digital camera that combines the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera with a digital imaging sensor, as opposed to photographic film.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
An electronic viewfinder (EVF) is a camera viewfinder where the image captured by the lens is projected electronically onto a miniature display.
The Exakta was a camera produced by the Ihagee Kamerawerk in Dresden, Germany, founded as the Industrie und Handels-Gesellschaft mbH, in 1912.
A film format is a technical definition of a set of standard characteristics regarding image capture on photographic film, for either stills or filmmaking.
A film scanner is a device made for scanning photographic film directly into a computer without the use of any intermediate printmaking.
In camera design, a focal-plane shutter (FPS) is a type of photographic shutter that is positioned immediately in front of the focal plane of the camera, that is, right in front of the photographic film or image sensor.
In geometrical optics, a focus, also called an image point, is the point where light rays originating from a point on the object converge.
A focusing screen is a flat translucent material, either a ground glass or fresnel lens, found in a system camera that allows the user of the camera to preview the framed image in a viewfinder.
The Four Thirds System is a standard created by Olympus and Eastman Kodak for digital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR) and mirrorless camera design and development.
, trading as Fujifilm (stylized as FUJiFILM), or simply Fuji, is a Japanese multinational photography and imaging company headquartered in Tokyo.
In color reproduction, including computer graphics and photography, the gamut, or color gamut, is a certain complete subset of colors.
Victor Hasselblad AB is a Swedish manufacturer of medium-format cameras, photographic equipment and image scanners based in Gothenburg, Sweden.
Canon EOS 350D Hot shoe Proprietary hot shoe used by Minolta and older Sony cameras (Konica Minolta Maxxum 7D) A hot shoe is a mounting point on the top of a camera to attach a flash unit and other compatible accessories.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Image stabilization (IS) is a family of techniques that reduce blurring associated with the motion of a camera or other imaging device during exposure.
In photography, the single-lens reflex camera (SLR) is provided with a mirror to redirect light from the picture taking lens to the viewfinder prior to releasing the shutter for composing and focusing an image.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Kamera-Werkstätten Guthe & Thorsch is a photographic equipment manufacturer based in Dresden.
Kevlar is a heat-resistant and strong synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora.
The Kine Exakta was the first ''35mm'' SLR still camera in regular production.
The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.
was a Japanese manufacturer of, among other products, film, film cameras, camera accessories, photographic and photo-processing equipment, photocopiers, fax machines and laser printers.
Large format refers to any imaging format of 4×5 inches (102×127 mm) or larger.
Leica Camera AG is a German company that manufactures cameras, lenses, binoculars, rifle scopes and ophthalmic lenses.
The Leica R bayonet lens mount is the standard method of connecting a lens to the Leica R series of 35 mm single-lens reflex cameras.
This article is about photographic lenses for single-lens reflex '''film''' cameras (SLRs) and '''digital''' single-lens reflex cameras (DSLRs).
A light meter is a device used to measure the amount of light.
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
In photography, a long-focus lens is a camera lens which has a focal length that is longer than the diagonal measure of the film or sensor that receives its image.
Macro photography (or photomacrography or macrography, and sometimes macrophotography), is extreme close-up photography, usually of very small subjects and living organisms like insects, in which the size of the subject in the photograph is greater than life size (though macrophotography technically refers to the art of making very large photographs).
is a Japanese company that manufactures high-end cameras and other related photographic and optical equipment.
Medium format has traditionally referred to a film format in still photography and the related cameras and equipment that use film.
In photography, the metering mode refers to the way in which a camera determines exposure.
The Minolta MAXXUM 7000 (7000 AF in Europe and α-7000 in Japan) 35mm SLR camera was introduced in February 1985.
The Minolta SR-mount was the bayonet mounting system used in all 35mm SLR cameras made by Minolta with interchangeable manual focusing lenses.
The original Miranda T 35mm SLR camera was launched by the newly established Japanese Orion Camera Co. in 1955.
Mirror lock-up (often abbreviated to MLU) is a feature employed in many Single Lens Reflex (SLR) cameras.
A motor drive, in the field of photography, is a powered film transport mechanism.
The Narciss is an all-metal 16 mm subminiature single lens reflex camera made by Russian optic firm Krasnogorsky Mekhanichesky Zavod (KMZ) Narciss (Soviet Union; Нарцисс) between 1961 and 1965.
The, or Copal, is a Japanese manufacturer of optical, electronic and mechanical equipment, primarily for the photographic industry.
(or), also known just as Nikon, is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, specializing in optics and imaging products.
The Nikon F camera, introduced in April 1959, was Nikon's first SLR camera.
The Nikon F2 is a professional level, interchangeable lens, 35 mm film, single-lens reflex (SLR) camera.
The Nikon F3 was Nikon's third professional single-lens reflex camera body, preceded by the F and F2. Introduced in 1980, it had manual and semi-automatic exposure control whereby the camera would select the correct shutter speed (aperture priority automation). The Nikon F3 series cameras had the most model variations of any Nikon F camera. It was also the first of numerous Nikon F-series cameras to be styled by Italian designer Giorgetto Giugiaro, and to include a red stripe on the handgrip – a feature that would later become (with variants of stripes and various other shapes) a signature feature of many Nikon cameras. The F2AS was a current model when the F3 was introduced, and for a while both were sold concurrently. The earlier Nikons had developed such a sterling reputation for extreme ruggedness and durability that many Nikon F and F2 owners were initially reluctant to transition to the new F3 from the F2 series. The F3 was superseded by the F4 in 1988 and the F5 in 1996. Despite being superseded by the newer cameras, it remained in production through to 2001, with over 751,000 F3s produced through September 1992. It continues to be the longest running professional grade Nikon SLR. Long after production ceased, new bodies in boxes were available throughout the world, so an exact production number is not readily available.
The Nikon F5 is a 35 mm film-based single-lens reflex camera body manufactured by Nikon from 1996 through 2004.
is a Japanese manufacturer of optics and reprography products.
The Olympus E-300 (Olympus Evolt E-300 in North America) is an 8-megapixel digital SLR manufactured by Olympus of Japan and based on the Four Thirds System.
The Olympus OM-2 is a single-lens reflex film system camera produced by Olympus of Japan.
The Pen series is a family of half-frame cameras made by Olympus from 1959 to the beginning of the 1980s.
The Olympus Pen F, Pen FT and Pen FV were very similar half-frame 35 mm single-lens reflex (SLR) cameras with interchangeable lenses produced by Olympus of Japan between 1963-1966 (Pen F), 1966-1972 (Pen FT) and 1967-1970 (Pen FV).
The Lumix DMC-L1 is Panasonic's first DSLR camera, and was announced in February 2006.
Parallax is a displacement or difference in the apparent position of an object viewed along two different lines of sight, and is measured by the angle or semi-angle of inclination between those two lines.
A pellicle mirror (diminutive of pellis, a skin or film) is an ultra-thin, ultra-lightweight semi-transparent mirror employed in the light path of an optical instrument, splitting the light beam into two separate beams, both of reduced light intensity.
A pentaprism is a five-sided reflecting prism used to deviate a beam of light by a constant 90°, even if the entry beam is not at 90° to the prism.
is a brand name used primarily by Japanese multinational imaging and electronics company Ricoh for cameras, sport optics (including binoculars and rifle scopes), and CCTV optics.
The Pentax Auto 110 and Pentax Auto 110 Super are single-lens reflex cameras made by Asahi Pentax that use Kodak's 110 film cartridge.
The Pentax ME F was an amateur level, interchangeable lens, 35 mm film, single-lens reflex (SLR) camera.
The Pentax Spotmatic refers to a family of 35mm single-lens reflex cameras manufactured by the Asahi Optical Co.
Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals.
Photokina (rendered in the promoters' branding as "photokina") is a trade fair held in Europe for the photographic and imaging industries.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
A point-and-shoot camera, also known as compact camera, is a still camera designed primarily for simple operation.
In optics, a Porro prism, named for its inventor Ignazio Porro, is a type of reflection prism used in optical instruments to alter the orientation of an image.
A rangefinder camera is a camera fitted with a rangefinder, typically a split-image rangefinder: a range-finding focusing mechanism allowing the photographer to measure the subject distance and take photographs that are in sharp focus.
Rectaflex was the name of an Italian camera maker from 1947 to 1958.
The refresh rate (most commonly the "vertical refresh rate", "vertical scan rate" for cathode ray tubes) is the number of times in a second that a display hardware updates its buffer.
The Scheimpflug principle is a geometric rule that describes the orientation of the plane of focus of an optical system (such as a camera) when the lens plane is not parallel to the image plane.
In photography, a shutter is a device that allows light to pass for a determined period, exposing photographic film or a light-sensitive electronic sensor to light in order to capture a permanent image of a scene.
In photography, shutter lag is the delay between triggering the shutter and when the photograph is actually recorded.
Shutter priority refers to a setting on some cameras that allows the user to choose a specific shutter speed while the camera adjusts the aperture to ensure correct exposure.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Single-Lens Translucent (SLT) is a Sony proprietary designation for Sony Alpha cameras which employ a pellicle mirror, electronic viewfinder, and phase-detection autofocus system.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A system camera is a camera with interchangeable components that constitutes the core of a system.
Thomas Sutton (1819 – 19 March 1875, in Pwllheli or more likely Kensington) was an English photographer, author, and inventor.
In photography, through-the-lens (TTL) metering refers to a feature of cameras whereby the intensity of light reflected from the scene is measured through the lens; as opposed to using a separate metering window or external hand-held light meter.
Tilt–shift photography is the use of camera movements on small- and medium-format cameras, and sometimes specifically refers to the use of tilt for selective focus, often for simulating a miniature scene.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
The Topcon RE Super, or Beseler Topcon Super D in USA, was launched by Tokyo Kogaku KK in 1963 and manufactured until 1971, at which point it was upgraded to the Super D and again to Super DM the following year.
A twin-lens reflex camera (TLR) is a type of camera with two objective lenses of the same focal length.
A view camera is a large format camera in which the lens forms an inverted image on a ground glass screen directly at the plane of the film.
In photography, a viewfinder is what the photographer looks through to compose, and, in many cases, to focus the picture.
The waist-level finder (WLF) is a type of viewfinder that can be used on twin lens and single lens reflex cameras.
In photography and cinematography, a wide-angle lens refers to a lens whose focal length is substantially smaller than the focal length of a normal lens for a given film plane.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yashica was a Japanese manufacturer of cameras.
110 is a cartridge-based film format used in still photography.
120 is a popular film format for still photography introduced by Kodak for their Brownie No.
135 is photographic film in a film format used for still photography.
The 35 mm format, or simply 35 mm, is the common name for the 36×24 mm film format or image sensor format used in photography.
Reflex mirror, SLR camera, Single Lens Reflex, Single Lens Reflex cameras, Single lens, Single lens reflex, Single lens reflex camera, Single-Lens Reflex, Single-lens, Single-lens reflex, Single-lens reflex cameras, Through the lens camera.