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Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia. [1]

641 relations: ABC-CLIO, Abolition of the han system, Acer palmatum, Activist shareholder, AFC Asian Cup, Agency for Cultural Affairs (Japan), Agglutinative language, Aging of Japan, Agriculture, forestry, and fishing in Japan, Ainu language, Ainu people, Akatsuki (spacecraft), Akihito, Allies of World War I, Allies of World War II, Amami Ōshima language, Amurian Plate, Anime, Anno Domini, Anti-Comintern Pact, Apollo program, Arabic numerals, Archipelago, Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution, Ashikaga shogunate, Ashikaga Takauji, Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Asian Rugby Championship, Asuka period, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Australia, Azuchi–Momoyama period, Ōnin War, Baekje, Bakumatsu, Baseball in Japan, Basic research, Battle of Hong Kong, Battle of Sekigahara, Bayonnaise Rocks, Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, BBC News, BepiColombo, Bicameralism, Black Ships, Bombing of Singapore (1941), Bon Festival, Bonin Islands, ..., Book of Han, Boshin War, Brazilians, Brazilians in Japan, Brown bear, Buddhism, Buddhism in Japan, Buke shohatto, Bunraku, Burakumin, Cabinet of Japan, Canon Inc., Capital of Japan, Carl Friedrich Gauss Prize, Central Highland (Japan), Central Intelligence Agency, Chōnin, Chūbu Centrair International Airport, Chūgoku region, Chemical substance, Cherry blossom, China, Chinese characters, Chinese law, Chinese people in Japan, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Christianity in Japan, Christmas, Chrysanthemum Throne, Cinema of Japan, Civil law (legal system), Colonization of the Moon, Confucianism, Conservation (ethic), Constitution of Japan, Constitutional monarchy, Convention of Kanagawa, Cornell University Press, Cultural Property (Japan), Cursive script (East Asia), Daimyo, Danka system, Dejima, Democratic Party of Japan, Deputy Prime Minister of Japan, Developed country, Dot-com bubble, Duke University Press, Durham University, Earthquake engineering, Ease of doing business index, East Asia, East Asia Summit, East Asian rainy season, East China Sea, Edo, Edo period, Education in the Empire of Japan, Edwin O. Reischauer, Electronics, Elementary schools in Japan, Emperor Jimmu, Emperor Kanmu, Emperor Meiji, Emperor of Japan, Empire of Japan, Endangered language, Energy Information Administration, English-language education in Japan, Environmental Performance Index, Europe, European Union, Eutrophication, Exclusive economic zone, Exercise RIMPAC, Expansionism, Fields Medal, FIFA, Filipinos in Japan, Financial Times, First Sino-Japanese War, Fish as food, Foehn wind, Food processing, Forbes Global 2000, Fossil fuel, Four Big Pollution Diseases of Japan, Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, Futures contract, G-20 major economies, G4 nations, G8 (forum), Gagaku, GameSpot, Geisha, Genpei War, Global Peace Index, Gonzalo Garland, Government debt, Government Seal of Japan, Great Hanshin earthquake, Great power, Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, Greater Tokyo Area, Gross domestic product, H-IIA, Haikai, Haiku, Haneda Airport, Haruki Murakami, Hatsumōde, Hōjō clan, Head of government, Heian period, Heian-kyō, Heijō Palace, Higashiyama period, Higher education in Japan, Hinduism in Japan, Hiragana, Hiroshige, Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara, History of China, History of Japan, Hokkaido, Hokkien, Hokusai, Honda, Honorific speech in Japanese, Honshu, House of Councillors (Japan), House of Representatives (Japan), Housing in Japan, Human Development Index, Humid continental climate, Humid subtropical climate, Hunter-gatherer, Hydropower, Ihara Saikaku, Ikebana, Immigration, Imperial Investiture, Index of Japan-related articles, India, Industrial robot, Infant mortality, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Intercontinental Cup (football), International Futures, International Military Tribunal for the Far East, International Road Assessment Programme, International Space Station, Iraq War, Ise Grand Shrine, Islam in Japan, Island country, J-pop, J. League Division 1, Japan Air Self-Defense Force, Japan Business Federation, Japan during World War I, Japan Ground Self-Defense Force, Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, Japan National Tourism Organization, Japan Railways Group, Japan Self-Defense Forces, Japan Standard Time, Japanese aesthetics, Japanese archipelago, Japanese art, Japanese asset price bubble, Japanese Brazilian, Japanese Buddhist architecture, Japanese calligraphy, Japanese declaration of war on the United States and the British Empire, Japanese dialects, Japanese diaspora, Japanese era name, Japanese festivals, Japanese general election, 2012, Japanese giant salamander, Japanese handicrafts, Japanese invasion of French Indochina, Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98), Japanese Iraq Reconstruction and Support Group, Japanese lacquerware, Japanese language, Japanese literature, Japanese macaque, Japanese martial arts, Japanese militarism, Japanese new religions, Japanese New Year, Japanese noodles, Japanese painting, Japanese Paleolithic, Japanese people, Japanese Peruvian, Japanese poetry, Japanese post-war economic miracle, Japanese pottery and porcelain, Japanese raccoon dog, Japanese regional cuisine, Japanese rice, Japanese sculpture, Japanese sword, Japanese tea ceremony, Japanese traditional dance, Japanese traditional dolls, Japanese war crimes, Japanese work environment, Japanese writing system, Japanese yen, Japonic languages, Japonism, JAXA, Jōdo Shinshū, Jōdo-shū, Jōmon period, John Lie, Joint Strike Fighter program, Judaism, Judicial system of Japan, Judo, Jun'ichirō Tanizaki, Junichirō Koizumi, Kabuki, Kaidō, Kamakura, Kamakura period, Kamakura shogunate, Kana, Kanji, Kansai International Airport, Karaoke, Karate, Katakana, Kūkai, Keio Corporation, Keiretsu, Kendo, Kenmu Restoration, Kenzaburō Ōe, Kibo (ISS module), Kimigayo, Kimono, Kintetsu, Kojiki, Kokin Wakashū, Kokugaku, Kongōbu-ji, Korea, Koreans in Japan, Koto (instrument), Kujikata Osadamegaki, Kunigami language, Kuril Islands dispute, Kyoto, Kyoto Protocol, Kyoto University, Kyushu, Latin alphabet, Latin Americans, Law of Japan, League of Nations, Liancourt Rocks, Liberal Democratic Party (Japan), Life expectancy, Linguistics, List of cities by GDP, List of cities proper by population, List of countries and dependencies by population, List of countries by exports, List of countries by GDP (nominal), List of countries by GDP (PPP), List of countries by imports, List of countries by life expectancy, List of countries by military expenditures, List of countries by natural disaster risk, List of countries by oil imports, List of countries by tax revenue as percentage of GDP, List of countries by unemployment rate, List of ecoregions in Japan, List of government space agencies, List of islands of Japan, List of Japanese poetry anthologies, List of national parks of Japan, List of railway companies in Japan, List of Ramsar sites in Japan, List of sovereign states and dependent territories by population density, List of the world's busiest airports by passenger traffic, List of traditional Japanese games, List of World Heritage Sites in Japan, Lost Decade (Japan), Lytton Report, Machine tool, Malay language, Malayan Campaign, Man'yōshū, Manchuria, Mandarin Chinese, Manga, Manufacturing in Japan, Maple, Marco Polo, Marius Jansen, Market capitalization, Market economy, Matsuo Bashō, Matthew C. Perry, Medical research, Meiji Constitution, Meiji Restoration, Mesolithic, Metallurgy, Metropolis (free magazine), Michelin Guide, Minamoto no Yoritomo, Minister of State, Ministry of Defense (Japan), Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Minka, Missionary, Miyabi, Miyako language, Mongol invasions of Japan, Monoculturalism, Moody's Investors Service, Mori Ōgai, Mount Kōya, Mount Yoshino, Multinational state, Municipal mergers and dissolutions in Japan, Murasaki Shikibu, Muromachi period, Myōjin-shō, Nagaoka-kyō, Nagasaki, Names of Japan, Nanban art, Nanban trade, Nanjing, Nanking Massacre, Nara period, Nara, Nara, Narita International Airport, Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan, National Basketball Association, National Diet, National Foundation Day, National language, National Museum of Nature and Science, National Treasure (Japan), Natsume Sōseki, Natural disaster, Natural gas, Nazi Germany, Neolithic, Nihon Shoki, Nikkei 225, Ningbo dialect, Nintendo, Nippon Oil, Nippon Professional Baseball, Nippon Steel, Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize in Literature, Noh, North Korea, North Korea and weapons of mass destruction, North Korean abductions of Japanese citizens, NOx, NTT DoCoMo, Nuclear power, Nuclear power in Japan, Occupation of Japan, Oda Nobunaga, Official development assistance, Okazu, Okhotsk Plate, Okinawa Plate, Okinawa Prefecture, Okinawan Japanese, Okinawan language, Okinotorishima, Oku no Hosomichi, Old Mandarin, Olivier Messiaen, Onsen, Optics, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Origami, Outline of Japan, Pacific coast, Pacific Ocean, Pacific Plate, Pacific War, Panasonic, Parliamentary system, PBS, Peacekeeping, Penguin Classics, Permanent employment, Peruvians, Philippine Sea Plate, Phonogram (linguistics), Pit-house, Pleistocene, Port of Nagoya, Portugal, Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Malacca, Post-Impressionism, Post–World War II baby boom, Pottery, Precipitation, Prefectures of Japan, Prime Minister of Japan, Privy Council of Japan, Programme for International Student Assessment, Purchasing power parity, Pure Land Buddhism, Qatar, Radical (Chinese characters), Rakugo, Rangaku, Recitative, Records of the Three Kingdoms, Rentarō Taki, Research and development, Reuters, Rice, Rice broker, Ring of Fire, Robotics, Rubber stamp (politics), Rugby union, Rugby World Cup, Russia, Russo-Japanese War, Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Ryukyu Islands, Ryukyuan languages, Ryukyuan people, Saichō, Sakhalin, Sakoku, Samurai, Saudi Arabia, SCMaglev, Sea of Japan, Sea of Okhotsk, Seasonal food, Second Sino-Japanese War, Secondary education in Japan, Secret ballot, Sei Shōnagon, Seibu Railway, SELENE, Self-defense, Semiconductor, Sengoku period, Senkaku Islands, Seto Inland Sea, Seven & I Holdings Co., Shale, Shamisen, Shanghainese, Sharp Corporation, Shōji, Shōwa-shinzan, Shikoku, Shinbutsu-shūgō, Shingon Buddhism, Shinkansen, Shinto, Shinto shrine, Shinzō Abe, Shogun, Sikhism, Six Codes, Six-party talks, Smallpox, Society of Jesus, Sony, South Korea, Soviet invasion of Manchuria, Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact, Space exploration, Space probe, Space Shuttle, Staple food, Stratovolcano, Subduction, Subtropics, Suicide in Japan, Sumo, Super Formula, Super GT, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, Supreme Court of Japan, Surrender of Japan, Syllabary, Syncretism, Taira clan, Taishō period, Taiwan, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company, Tanabata, Tanegashima Space Center, Taoism, Tarō Asō, Tatami, Telephone numbers in Japan, Temperate broadleaf and mixed forest, Temperate climate, Temperate coniferous forest, Tendai, Tertiary sector of the economy, The Guardian, The Pillow Book, The Tale of Genji, The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter, The Tale of the Heike, The Times, The Toyota Way, Time (magazine), Tofu, Tokugawa Ieyasu, Tokugawa shogunate, Tokyo, Tokyo Stock Exchange, Toll road, TOPIX, Toru Takemitsu, Toshiba, Toyota, Toyotomi Hideyori, Traditional Japanese musical instruments, Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan, Treaty of San Francisco, Tripartite Pact, Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, Tsunami, Typhoon, Ukiyo-e, Unit 731, Unitary state, United Arab Emirates, United Nations, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, United Nations Security Council, United States Navy, Universal suffrage, University of California Press, University of Tokyo, Upper Paleolithic, Venus, Video game console, Volcano, Wa (Japan), Waka (poetry), Waste management, Wildlife of Japan, Woodblock printing, World Rugby Pacific Nations Cup, World War I, World War II, World's largest cities, Wu Chinese, Yaeyama language, Yamatai, Yamato people, Yasunari Kawabata, Yayoi period, Yonaguni language, Yoshihiko Noda, Yukio Mishima, Yuta Tabuse, Zen, .jp, 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, 1964 Summer Olympics, 1972 Winter Olympics, 1973 oil crisis, 1998 Winter Olympics, 2002 FIFA World Cup, 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, 2020 Summer Olympics, 20th-century classical music. Expand index (591 more) »

ABC-CLIO

ABC-CLIO, or ABC-Clio, is a publisher of reference works for the study of history and social studies in academic, secondary school, and public library settings.

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Abolition of the han system

The in the Empire of Japan and its replacement by a system of prefectures in 1871 was the culmination of the Meiji Restoration begun in 1868.

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Acer palmatum

Acer palmatum, called Japanese maple or smooth Japanese maple (Japanese: irohamomiji,, or momiji) is a species of woody plant native to Japan, North Korea, South Korea, eastern Mongolia, and southeast Russia.

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Activist shareholder

An activist shareholder is one using an equity stake in a corporation to put public pressure on its management.

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AFC Asian Cup

The AFC Asian Cup is an international association football tournament run by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).

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Agency for Cultural Affairs (Japan)

The is a special body of the Japanese Ministry of Education (MEXT).

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Agglutinative language

An agglutinative language is a type of synthetic language with morphology that primarily uses agglutination: words may contain different morphemes to determine their meaning, but each of these morphemes (including stems and affixes) remains in every aspect unchanged after their union, thus resulting in generally easier deducible word meanings if compared to fusional languages, which allow modifications in the phonetics and/or spelling of one or more morphemes within a word, generally for shortening the word on behalf of an easier pronunciation.

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Aging of Japan

The ageing of Japan is thought to outweigh all other nations, as the country is purported to have the highest proportion of elderly citizens; 33.0% are above age 60, 25.9% are aged 65 or above, 12.5% aged 75 or above, as of September 2014.

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Agriculture, forestry, and fishing in Japan

Agriculture,, and fishing form the primary sector of industry of the Japanese economy, together with the Japanese mining industry, but together they account for only 1.3% of gross national product.

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Ainu language

Ainu (Ainu: アィヌ・イタㇰ Aynu.

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Ainu people

The Ainu or the Aynu (Ainu アィヌ ''Aynu''; Japanese: アイヌ Ainu; Russian: Айны Ajny), and in historical Japanese texts Ezo/Emishi/Ebisu (蝦夷) or Aino (アイノ) are an indigenous people of Japan (Hokkaido, and formerly northeastern Honshu) and Russia (Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands).

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Akatsuki (spacecraft)

, formerly known as the Venus Climate Orbiter (VCO) and Planet-C, is a Japanese space probe which is intended to explore Venus.

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Akihito

() is the reigning, the 125th Emperor of his line according to Japan's traditional order of succession.

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Allies of World War I

The Allies of World War I, also known as the Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers during the First World War.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that opposed the Axis powers together during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Amami Ōshima language

The Amami Ōshima language or languages (島口, シマユムタ, Shimayumuta) or simply Ōshima ('Big Island'), is a Ryukyuan language spoken in the Amami Island south of Kyūshū.

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Amurian Plate

The Amurian Plate (or Amur Plate; also occasionally referred to as the China Plate) is a minor tectonic plate in the northern and eastern hemispheres.

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Anime

, also informally romanized as animé, are Japanese animated productions featuring hand-drawn or computer animation.

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Anno Domini

The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

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Anti-Comintern Pact

The Anti-Comintern Pact was an anti-communist pact concluded between Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan (later to be joined by other, mainly fascist, governments) on November 25, 1936 and was directed against the Third (Communist) International.

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Apollo program

The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.

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Arabic numerals

Arabic numerals or Hindu-Arabic or Indo-Arabic numerals, are the ten digits: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, based on the Hindu–Arabic numeral system.

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Archipelago

An archipelago, sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands.

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Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution

is a clause in the National Constitution of Japan outlawing war as a means to settle international disputes involving the state.

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Ashikaga shogunate

The, also known as the,Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric.

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Ashikaga Takauji

was the founder and first shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate.

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Ashikaga Yoshimitsu

was the 3rd shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who ruled from 1368 to 1394 during the Muromachi period of Japan.

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Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies.

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Asian Rugby Championship

The Asian Rugby Championship, or ARC, is an annual rugby union competition held amongst Asian national rugby sides, with in the ARFU region.

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Asuka period

The was a period in the history of Japan lasting from 538 to 710 (or 592-645), although its beginning could be said to overlap with the preceding Kofun period.

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Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

The United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, during the final stage of the Second World War.

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Attack on Pearl Harbor

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, in the United States Territory of Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941.

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Australia

Australia (colloquially), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.

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Azuchi–Momoyama period

The is the final phase of the in Japan.

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Ōnin War

The was a civil war that lasted 10 years (1467–1477) during the Muromachi period in Japan.

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Baekje

Baekje or Paekche (18 BC – 660 AD) was a kingdom located in southwest Korea.

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Bakumatsu

refers to the final years of the Edo period when the Tokugawa shogunate ended.

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Baseball in Japan

Baseball is one of the most popular sports in Japan.

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Basic research

Basic research, also called pure research or fundamental research, is scientific research aimed to improve scientific theories for improved understanding or prediction of natural or other phenomena.

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Battle of Hong Kong

The Battle of Hong Kong (8–25 December 1941), also known as the Defence of Hong Kong and the Fall of Hong Kong, was one of the first battles of the Pacific campaign of World War II.

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Battle of Sekigahara

The was a decisive battle on October 21, 1600 (Keichō 5, 15th day of the 9th month) that cleared the path to the Shogunate for Tokugawa Ieyasu.

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Bayonnaise Rocks

is a group of volcanic rocks in the Philippine Sea about south of Tokyo and south-southeast of Aogashima, in the south portion of the Izu archipelago, Japan.

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Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch

The Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (or BGB) is the civil code of Germany.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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BepiColombo

BepiColombo is a joint mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) and JAXA to the planet Mercury.

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Bicameralism

A bicameral legislature is one in which the legislators are divided into two separate assemblies, chambers or houses.

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Black Ships

The Black Ships (in Japanese, 黒船, kurofune, Edo Period term) was the name given to Western vessels arriving in Japan in the 16th and 19th centuries.

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Bombing of Singapore (1941)

The bombing of Singapore was an attack on 8 December 1941 by seventeen G3M ''Nell'' bombers of Mihoro Air Group (Mihoro Kaigun Kōkūtai), Imperial Japanese Navy, flying from Thu Dau Mot in southern Indochina.

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Bon Festival

or just is a Japanese Buddhist custom to honor the spirits of one's ancestors.

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Bonin Islands

The Bonin Islands, also known as the, are an archipelago of over 30 subtropical and tropical islands, some directly south of Tokyo, Japan.

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Book of Han

The Book of Han or History of the Former Han is a history of China finished in 111, covering the Western, or Former Han dynasty from the first emperor in 206 BCE to the fall of Wang Mang in 23 CE.

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Boshin War

The, sometimes known as the Japanese Revolution, was a civil war in Japan, fought from 1868 to 1869 between forces of the ruling Tokugawa shogunate and those seeking to return political power to the imperial court.

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Brazilians

Brazilians (brasileiros in Portuguese) are all people born in Brazil.

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Brazilians in Japan

There is a significant community of Brazilians in Japan, consisting largely but not exclusively of Brazilians of Japanese ethnicity.

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Brown bear

The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a large bear distributed across much of northern Eurasia and North America and (with the polar bear) is the largest land-based predator on earth.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

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Buddhism in Japan

Buddhism has been practiced in Japan since at least 552 AD, though some Chinese sources place the first spreading of the religion earlier during the Kofun period (250 to 538).

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Buke shohatto

The, commonly known in English as the Laws for the Military Houses, was a collection of edicts issued by Japan's Tokugawa shogunate governing the responsibilities and activities of daimyō (feudal lords) and the rest of the samurai warrior aristocracy.

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Bunraku

, also known as Ningyō jōruri (人形浄瑠璃), is a form of traditional Japanese puppet theatre, founded in Osaka in 1684.

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Burakumin

is an outcast group at the bottom of the Japanese social order that has historically been the victim of severe discrimination and ostracism.

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Cabinet of Japan

The is the executive branch of the government of Japan.

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Canon Inc.

is a Japanese multinational corporation specialized in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, photocopiers, steppers, computer printers and medical equipment.

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Capital of Japan

The capital of Japan is generally believed to be Tokyo.

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Carl Friedrich Gauss Prize

The Carl Friedrich Gauss Prize for Applications of Mathematics is a mathematics award, granted jointly by the International Mathematical Union and the German Mathematical Society for "outstanding mathematical contributions that have found significant applications outside of mathematics".

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Central Highland (Japan)

The, or, is an inland region on central Honshū in Japan.

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Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Chōnin

was a social class that emerged in Japan during the early years of the Tokugawa period.

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Chūbu Centrair International Airport

is an airport on an artificial island in Ise Bay, Tokoname City in Aichi Prefecture, south of Nagoya in central Japan.

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Chūgoku region

The, also known as the, is the westernmost region of Honshū, the largest island of Japan.

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Chemical substance

A chemical substance is a form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties.

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Cherry blossom

A cherry blossom is the flower of any of several trees of genus Prunus, particularly the Japanese Cherry, Prunus serrulata, which is called Sakura after the Japanese (桜 or 櫻; さくら).

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Chinese characters

Chinese characters are logograms used in the writing of Chinese and some other Asian languages.

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Chinese law

Chinese law is one of the oldest legal traditions in the world.

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Chinese people in Japan

Chinese people in Japan consist of migrants from the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China to Japan and their descendants.

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Chiyoda, Tokyo

is a special ward located in central Tokyo, Japan.

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Christianity in Japan

is among the nation's minority religions.

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Christmas

Christmas or Christmas Day (Crīstesmæsse, meaning "Christ's Mass") is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Chrysanthemum Throne

The is the term used to identify the throne of the Emperor of Japan.

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Cinema of Japan

The has a history that spans more than 100 years.

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Civil law (legal system)

Civil law, civilian law or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of late Roman law, and whose most prevalent feature is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.

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Colonization of the Moon

The colonization of the Moon is the proposed establishment of permanent human communities or robot industries on the Moon.

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Confucianism

Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is a system of philosophical and "ethical-sociopolitical teachings" sometimes described as a religion.

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Conservation (ethic)

Conservation is an ethic of resource use, allocation, and protection.

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Constitution of Japan

The is the fundamental law of Japan.

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Constitutional monarchy

A constitutional monarchy, limited monarchy or parliamentary monarchy (also called a crowned republic) is a form of government in which governing powers of the monarch are restricted by a constitution.

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Convention of Kanagawa

On March 31, 1854, the or was the first treaty between the United States of America, and the Empire of Japan, then under the administration of the Tokugawa Shogunate.

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Cornell University Press

The Cornell University Press, is a division of Cornell University housed in Sage House, the former residence of Henry William Sage.

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Cultural Property (Japan)

A is administered by the Japanese government's Agency for Cultural Affairs, and includes tangible properties (structures and works of art or craft); intangible properties (performing arts and craft techniques); folk properties both tangible and intangible; monuments historic, scenic and natural; cultural landscapes; and groups of traditional buildings.

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Cursive script (East Asia)

Cursive script, often mistranslated as Grass script (see Names below), is a style of Chinese calligraphy.

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Daimyo

The were the powerful feudal lords in pre-modern Japan who ruled most of the country from their vast, hereditary land holdings.

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Danka system

The, also known as is a system of voluntary and long-term affiliation between Buddhist temples and households in use in Japan since the Heian period.

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Dejima

, in old Western documents latinized as 'Decima', 'Desjima', 'Dezima', 'Disma', or 'Disima', was a small fan-shaped artificial island built in the bay of Nagasaki in 1634 by local merchants. This island, which was formed by digging a canal through a small peninsula, remained as the single place of direct trade and exchange between Japan and the outside world during the Edo period. Dejima was built to constrain foreign traders as part of sakoku, the self-imposed isolationist policy. Originally built to house Portuguese traders, it was used by the Dutch as a trading post from 1641 until 1853. Covering an area of 120 m × 75 m (9000 m2, or 0.9 hectares), it was later integrated into the city through the process of land reclamation. In 1922, "Dejima Dutch Trading Post" was designated a Japanese national historic site.

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Democratic Party of Japan

The is a centrist political party in Japan founded in 1998 by the merger of several opposition parties.

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Deputy Prime Minister of Japan

The is a senior member of the Cabinet of Japan.

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Developed country

A developed country, industrialized country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

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Dot-com bubble

The dot-com bubble (also referred to as the dot-com boom, the Internet bubble, the dot-com collapse, and the information technology bubble) was a historic speculative bubble covering roughly 1997–2000 (with a climax on March 10, 2000, with the NASDAQ peaking at 5,132.52 in intraday trading before closing at 5,048.62) during which stock markets in industrialized nations saw their equity value rise rapidly from growth in the Internet sector and related fields.

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Duke University Press

Duke University Press is an academic publisher of books and journals, and a unit of Duke University.

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Durham University

Durham University (officially known as the University of Durham) is a collegiate research university in Durham, North East England.

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Earthquake engineering

Earthquake engineering or Seismic engineering is a branch of engineering that searches for ways to make structures, such as buildings and bridges, resistant to earthquake damage.

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Ease of doing business index

The ease of doing business index is an index created by the World Bank Group.

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East Asia

East Asia or Eastern Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.

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East Asia Summit

The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a forum held annually by leaders of, initially, 16 countries in the East Asian region.

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East Asian rainy season

The East Asian rainy season, commonly called the plum rain (Chinese: 梅雨, méiyǔ; 梅雨, tsuyu, baiu; 장마, jangma, Russian: затяжные, zatyazhnie), is caused by precipitation along a persistent stationary front known as the Meiyu front for nearly two months during the late spring and early summer between eastern Russia, China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan.

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East China Sea

The East China Sea is a marginal sea east of China.

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Edo

, also romanized as Yedo or Yeddo, is the former name of Tokyo.

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Edo period

The or, is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional Daimyo.

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Education in the Empire of Japan

Education in the Empire of Japan was a high priority for the government, as the leadership of the early Meiji government realized the critical need for universal public education in its drive to modernize and westernize Japan.

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Edwin O. Reischauer

Edwin Oldfather Reischauer (October 15, 1910 – September 1, 1990) was an American educator and professor at Harvard University.

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Electronics

Electronics is the science of how to control electric energy, energy in which the electrons have a fundamental role.

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Elementary schools in Japan

in Japan is compulsory.

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Emperor Jimmu

was the first Emperor of Japan, according to legend.

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Emperor Kanmu

was the 50th emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō):; retrieved 2013-8-22.

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Emperor Meiji

, or, was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 30, 1912.

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Emperor of Japan

The Emperor of Japan is the head of the Imperial Family and is the ceremonial head of state of Japan's system of constitutional monarchy.

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Empire of Japan

The was the historical Japanese nation-state that existed from the Meiji Restoration on January 3, 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

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Endangered language

An endangered language is a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language.

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Energy Information Administration

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System responsible for collecting, analyzing, and disseminating energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment.

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English-language education in Japan

English-language education in Japan began as early as 1600 with the initial contacts between the Japanese and Europeans.

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Environmental Performance Index

The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) is a method of quantifying and numerically marking the environmental performance of a state's policies.

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Europe

Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Eutrophication

Eutrophication (Greek: eutrophia—healthy, adequate nutrition, development; Eutrophie) or more precisely hypertrophication, is the ecosystem's response to the addition of artificial or natural substances, mainly phosphates, through detergents, fertilizers, or sewage, to an aquatic system.

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Exclusive economic zone

An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind.

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Exercise RIMPAC

RIMPAC, the Rim of the Pacific Exercise, is the world's largest international maritime warfare exercise.

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Expansionism

In general, expansionism consists of policies of governments and states that involve expansion in such context as the military, economy, etc.

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Fields Medal

The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematicians under 40 years of age at the International Congress of the International Mathematical Union (IMU), a meeting that takes place every four years.

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FIFA

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA; English: International Federation of Association Football) is the governing body of association football, futsal and beach football.

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Filipinos in Japan

formed a population of 202,592 individuals at year-end 2007, making them Japan's third-largest foreign community along with Brazilians, according to the statistics of the Ministry of Justice.

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Financial Times

The Financial Times (FT) is an English-language international daily newspaper with a special emphasis on business and economic news.

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First Sino-Japanese War

The First Sino-Japanese War (1 August 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between the Qing Empire of China and the Empire of Japan, primarily over control of Korea.

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Fish as food

Fish is consumed as a food by many species, including humans.

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Foehn wind

A föhn or foehn is a type of dry, warm, down-slope wind that occurs in the lee (downwind side) of a mountain range.

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Food processing

Food processing is the transformation of raw ingredients, by physical or chemical means into food, or of food into other forms.

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Forbes Global 2000

The Forbes Global 2000 is an annual ranking of the top 2000 public companies in the world by Forbes magazine.

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Fossil fuel

Fossil fuels are fuels formed by natural processes such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms.

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Four Big Pollution Diseases of Japan

The were a group of man-made diseases all caused by environmental pollution due to improper handling of industrial wastes by Japanese corporations.

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Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster

The was an energy accident at the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, initiated primarily by the tsunami of the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami on 11 March 2011.

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Futures contract

In finance, a futures contract (more colloquially, futures) is a contract between two parties to buy or sell an asset for a price agreed upon today (the futures price) with delivery and payment occurring at a future point, the delivery date.

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G-20 major economies

The Group of Twenty (also known as the G-20 or G20) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies.

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G4 nations

The G4 nations comprising Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan are four countries which support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council.

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G8 (forum)

The Group of Eight is a governmental political forum.

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Gagaku

is a type of Japanese classical music that has been performed at the Imperial Court in Kyoto for several centuries.

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GameSpot

GameSpot is a video gaming website that provides news, reviews, previews, downloads, and other information on certain video games.

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Geisha

, geiko or geigi are traditional Japanese female entertainers who act as hostesses and whose skills include performing various Japanese arts such as classical music, dance, games and conversation, mainly to entertain male customers.

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Genpei War

The (1180–1185) was a conflict between the Taira and Minamoto clans during the late-Heian period of Japan.

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Global Peace Index

The Global Peace Index (GPI) is an attempt to measure the relative position of nations' and regions' peacefulness.

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Gonzalo Garland

Gonzalo Garland (born April 17, 1959 in Lima, Peru) is a professor of Economics, and the vice-president of External Relations at IE Business School and an international consultant in emerging economies.

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Government debt

Government debt (also known as public debt, national debt and sovereign debt) is the debt owed by a central government.

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Government Seal of Japan

The Government Seal of Japan is a crest (mon) of paulownia used by the Cabinet and the Government of Japan on official documents.

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Great Hanshin earthquake

The, or Kobe earthquake, occurred on January 17, 1995 at 05:46:53 JST (January 16 at 20:46:53 UTC) in the southern part of Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan.

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Great power

A great power is a sovereign state that is recognized as having the ability and expertise to exert its influence on a global scale.

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Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere (大東亞共榮圏 Dai-tō-a Kyōeiken) was an imperial propaganda concept created and promulgated for occupied Asian populations during the first third of the Shōwa era by the government and military of the Empire of Japan.

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Greater Tokyo Area

The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, consisting of the Kantō region of Japan as well as the prefecture of Yamanashi.

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Gross domestic product

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the size of an economy.

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H-IIA

H-IIA (H2A) is an active expendable launch system operated by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) for the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.

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Haikai

Haikai (Japanese 俳諧 comic, unorthodox) may refer in both Japanese and English to haikai no renga (renku), a popular genre of Japanese linked verse, which developed in the sixteenth century out of the earlier aristocratic renga.

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Haiku

(plural haiku) is a very short form of Japanese poetry.

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Haneda Airport

, commonly known as or Tokyo Haneda Airport, is one of the two primary airports that serve the Greater Tokyo Area, and is the primary base of Japan's two major domestic airlines, Japan Airlines (Terminal 1) and All Nippon Airways (Terminal 2), as well as Air Do, Skymark Airlines, Solaseed Air, and StarFlyer.

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Haruki Murakami

is a contemporary Japanese writer.

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Hatsumōde

is the first Shinto shrine visit of the Japanese New Year.

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Hōjō clan

The in the history of Japan was a family who controlled the hereditary title of shikken (regent) of the Kamakura shogunate between 1206 and 1333.

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Head of government

Head of government is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony who often presides over a cabinet.

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Heian period

The is the last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185.

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Heian-kyō

Heian-kyō (平安京, literally "tranquility and peace capital") was one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto.

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Heijō Palace

was the imperial residence in the Japanese capital city Heijō-kyō (today's Nara), during most of the Nara period.

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Higashiyama period

The Higashiyama Period (東山時代) also known as the period of "Higashiyama Culture" or, is a segment of Japanese culture originated and promoted in the 15th century by Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa, after he retired to his villa in the eastern hills (Higashiyama) of Kyoto.

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Higher education in Japan

Higher education in Japan, although inspired by countries like the United States and the United Kingdom, differs from higher education in most other developed countries in many significant ways.

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Hinduism in Japan

Hinduism, unlike the closely related Buddhism, is a minority religion in Japan.

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Hiragana

is a Japanese syllabary, one basic component of the Japanese writing system, along with katakana, kanji, and in some cases rōmaji (the Latin-script alphabet).

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Hiroshige

Utagawa Hiroshige (歌川 広重), also Andō Hiroshige (安藤 広重; 1797 – 12 October 1858) was a Japanese ukiyo-e artist, considered the last great master of that tradition.

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Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara

The UNESCO World Heritage Site Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara encompasses eight places in the old capital Nara in Nara Prefecture, Japan.

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History of China

Written records of the history of China can be found from as early as 1200 BC under the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC).

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History of Japan

Human habitation in the Japanese archipelago can be traced back to prehistoric times.

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Hokkaido

, formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is Japan's second largest island; it is also the largest and northernmost of Japan's 47 prefectures.

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Hokkien

Hokkien or or Quanzhang (Quanzhou–Zhangzhou / Chinchew–Changchew; BP) is a group of mutually intelligible Min Nan Chinese dialects spoken throughout Southeast Asia and by many overseas Chinese.

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Hokusai

was a Japanese artist, ukiyo-e painter and printmaker of the Edo period.

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Honda

is a Japanese public multinational corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, motorcycles and power equipment.

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Honorific speech in Japanese

The Japanese language has many honorifics, parts of speech which show respect, and their use is mandatory in many social situations.

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Honshu

() is the largest and most populous island of Japan.

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House of Councillors (Japan)

The is the upper house of the National Diet of Japan.

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House of Representatives (Japan)

The is the lower house of the National Diet of Japan.

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Housing in Japan

Housing in Japan includes modern and traditional styles.

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Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

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Humid continental climate

A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russian German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa or Cwa) is a zone of subtropical climate characterised by hot, usually humid summers and mild to cool winters.

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Hunter-gatherer

A hunter-gatherer or early human society is one in which most or all food is obtained from wild plants and animals, in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.

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Hydropower

Hydropower or water power (from the ύδρω, "water") is power derived from the energy of falling water or fast running water, which may be harnessed for useful purposes.

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Ihara Saikaku

was a Japanese poet and creator of the "floating world" genre of Japanese prose (ukiyo-zōshi).

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Ikebana

is the Japanese art of flower arrangement, also known as.

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Immigration

Immigration is the movement of people into a destination country to which they are not native or do not possess its citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take-up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.

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Imperial Investiture

The is an official inauguration ceremony whereby the Emperor of Japan formally appoints the designated Chief Justice or Prime Minister of Japan to office.

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Index of Japan-related articles

This page lists Japan-related articles.

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India

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Industrial robot

An industrial robot is defined by ISO 8373 as an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator programmable in three or more axes.

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Infant mortality

Infant mortality is the death of a child less than one year of age.

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Institute of Space and Astronautical Science

(ISAS) is a Japanese national research organization of astrophysics using rockets, astronomical satellites and interplanetary probes.

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Intercontinental Cup (football)

The Intercontinental Cup, known earlier as European/South American Cup and Toyota Cup from 1980 to 2004 for commercial reasons by agreement with the automaker, was a football official competition endorsed by Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL), contested between representative clubs from these confederations, usually the winners of the European Champions' Cup (now known as the UEFA Champions League), and the South American Copa Libertadores.

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International Futures

International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.

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International Military Tribunal for the Far East

The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE), also known as the Tokyo Trials, the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal, or simply the Tribunal, was convened on April 29, 1946, to try the leaders of the Empire of Japan for three types of war crimes.

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International Road Assessment Programme

The International Road Assessment Programme or iRAP assesses roads all over the world and aims to significantly reduce road casualties by improving the safety of road infrastructure.

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International Space Station

The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.

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Iraq War

The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, Gulf War II, and Gulf War 2.

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Ise Grand Shrine

, located in the city of Ise in Mie prefecture, Japan, is a Shinto shrine dedicated to the goddess Amaterasu-ōmikami.

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Islam in Japan

The history of Islam in Japan is relatively brief in relation to the religion's longstanding presence in other countries around the world.

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Island country

An island country is a country whose primary territory consists of one or more islands or parts of islands.

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J-pop

J-pop (often stylized as J-POP; ジェイポップ jeipoppu; an abbreviation for Japanese pop), natively also known simply as pops, is a musical genre that entered the musical mainstream of Japan in the 1990s.

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J. League Division 1

The or is the top division of and is the top professional association football league in Japan.

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Japan Air Self-Defense Force

The, or JASDF, is the aviation branch of the Japan Self-Defense Forces responsible for the defense of Japanese airspace and other aerospace operations.

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Japan Business Federation

is an economic organization founded in May 2002 by amalgamation of Keidanren (Japan Federation of Economic Organizations, established 1946) and Nikkeiren (Japan Federation of Employers' Associations, established 1948), with Nikkeiren being absorbed into Keidanren.

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Japan during World War I

Japan participated in World War I from 1914 to 1918 in an alliance with Entente Powers and played an important role in securing the sea lanes in the West Pacific and Indian Oceans against the Imperial German Navy.

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Japan Ground Self-Defense Force

The, is the main branch of the Japan Self-Defense Forces responsible for land-based military operations.

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Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force

No description.

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Japan National Tourism Organization

The or JNTO provides information about Japan to promote travel to and in the country.

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Japan Railways Group

The Japan Railways Group, more commonly known as, consists of seven for-profit companies that took over most of the assets and operations of the government-owned Japanese National Railways on April 1, 1987.

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Japan Self-Defense Forces

The, or JSDF, occasionally referred to as JSF, JDF, or SDF, are the unified military forces of Japan that were established in 1954.

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Japan Standard Time

Japan Standard Time or JST (日本標準時 Nihon Hyōjunji or 中央標準時 Chūō Hyōjunji) is the standard timezone in Japan, and is 9 hours ahead of UTC, i.e. it is UTC+09:00.

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Japanese aesthetics

The modern study of Japanese aesthetics only started a little over two hundred years ago in the West.

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Japanese archipelago

The is the group of islands that forms the country of Japan, and extends roughly from northeast to southwest along the northeastern coast of the Eurasia mainland, washing upon the northwestern shores of the Pacific Ocean.

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Japanese art

Japanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery, sculpture, ink painting and calligraphy on silk and paper, ukiyo-e paintings and woodblock prints, kiri-e, kirigami, origami, and more recently manga—modern Japanese cartooning and comics—along with a myriad of other types of works of art.

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Japanese asset price bubble

The was an economic bubble in Japan from 1986 to 1991 in which real estate and stock market prices were greatly inflated.

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Japanese Brazilian

A is a Brazilian citizen, national or natural of Japanese ancestry, or a Japanese immigrant living in Brazil.

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Japanese Buddhist architecture

Examples of Buddhist architecture in Japan Japanese Buddhist architecture is the architecture of Buddhist temples in Japan, consisting of locally developed variants of architectural styles born in China.

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Japanese calligraphy

is a form of calligraphy, or artistic writing, of the Japanese language.

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Japanese declaration of war on the United States and the British Empire

The declaration of war by the Empire of Japan on the United States and the British Empire was published on December 8, 1941 (Japan time; December 7 in the United States) after Japanese forces had executed an attack on the United States at Pearl Harbor and attacks on British forces in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong.

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Japanese dialects

The dialects of the Japanese language fall into two primary clades, Eastern (including Tokyo) and Western (including Kyoto), with the dialects of Kyushu and Hachijō Island often distinguished as additional branches, the latter perhaps the most divergent of all.

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Japanese diaspora

The Japanese diaspora, and its individual members known as, are Japanese emigrants from Japan and their descendants that reside in a foreign country.

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Japanese era name

The, also known as, is the first of the two elements that identify years in the Japanese era calendar scheme.

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Japanese festivals

Japanese festivals are traditional festive occasions.

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Japanese general election, 2012

A general election was held in Japan on 16 December 2012.

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Japanese giant salamander

The Japanese giant salamander (Andrias japonicus) is endemic to Japan, where it is known as, literally meaning "giant pepper fish".

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Japanese handicrafts

The many and varied traditional handicrafts of Japan are officially recognized and protected.

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Japanese invasion of French Indochina

In September 1940, the to prevent the Republic of China from importing arms and fuel through French Indochina along the Sino-Vietnamese Railway, from the port of Haiphong through Hanoi to Kunming in Yunnan.

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Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98)

The Japanese invasions of Korea comprised two separate yet linked operations: an initial invasion in 1592, a brief truce in 1596, and a second invasion in 1597.

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Japanese Iraq Reconstruction and Support Group

The Japanese Iraq Reconstruction and Support Group Retrieved on December 5, 2008.

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Japanese lacquerware

Japanese lacquerware (historically referred to as japan, analogous to china for Chinese ceramics) is a broad category of fine and decorative arts, as lacquer has been used in paintings, prints, and on a wide variety of objects from Buddha statues to bento boxes for food.

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Japanese language

is an East Asian language spoken by about 125 million speakers, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.

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Japanese literature

Early works of Japanese literature were heavily influenced by cultural contact with China and Chinese literature, often written in Classical Chinese.

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Japanese macaque

The Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) is a terrestrial Old World monkey species native to Japan.

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Japanese martial arts

Japanese martial arts refer to the variety of martial arts native to the country of Japan.

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Japanese militarism

refers to the ideology in the Empire of Japan that militarism should dominate the political and social life of the nation, and that the strength of the military is equal to the strength of a nation.

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Japanese new religions

Japanese new religions are new religious movements established in Japan.

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Japanese New Year

The is an annual festival with its own customs.

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Japanese noodles

Noodles are a staple part of Japanese cuisine.

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Japanese painting

is one of the oldest and most highly refined of the Japanese visual arts, encompassing a wide variety of genres and styles.

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Japanese Paleolithic

The is the period of human inhabitation in Japan that lasted from around 40,000 BC to 14,000 BC, which corresponds to the beginning of the Mesolithic Jōmon period.

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Japanese people

The are an ethnic group native to Japan.

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Japanese Peruvian

Japanese Peruvians (Spanish: Peruano-Japonés or Nipo-peruano, Japanese: 日系ペルー人, Nikkei Perūjin) are Peruvian citizens of Japanese origin or ancestry.

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Japanese poetry

Japanese poetry is poetry of or typical of Japan, or written, spoken, or chanted in the Japanese language, which includes Old Japanese, Early Middle Japanese, Late Middle Japanese, and Modern Japanese, and some poetry in Japan which was written in the Chinese language or the ryūka written in Ryukyuan: it is possible to make a more accurate distinction between Japanese poetry written in Japan or by Japanese people in other languages versus that written in the Japanese language by speaking of Japanese-language poetry.

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Japanese post-war economic miracle

The Japanese post-war economic miracle is the name given to the historical phenomenon of Japan's record period of economic growth between post-World War II era to the end of Cold War.

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Japanese pottery and porcelain

Japanese pottery and porcelain (陶磁器, Jp. tojiki; also 焼きもの, Jp. yakimono; 陶芸, Jp. tōgei), is one of the country's oldest art forms, dates back to the Neolithic period.

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Japanese raccoon dog

The Japanese Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides viverrinus), also known as in Japanese, is a subspecies of the Asian raccoon dog.

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Japanese regional cuisine

Japanese cuisine has a vast array of regional specialities known as kyōdo ryōri (郷土料理) in Japanese, many of them originating from dishes prepared using local ingredients and traditional recipes.

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Japanese rice

Japanese rice refers to a number of short-grain cultivars of Japonica rice including ordinary rice (uruchimai) and glutinous rice (mochigome).

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Japanese sculpture

The sculpture of Japan started from the clay figure.

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Japanese sword

A is one of several types of traditionally made swords from Japan.

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Japanese tea ceremony

The Japanese tea ceremony, also called the Way of Tea, is a Japanese cultural activity involving the ceremonial preparation and presentation of matcha (抹茶), powdered green tea.

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Japanese traditional dance

There are two main types of Japanese traditional dance: Odori, which originated in the Edo period, and Mai, which originated in the western part of Japan.

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Japanese traditional dolls

Japanese traditional dolls are known by the name in Japan, which literally means human shape.

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Japanese war crimes

Japanese war crimes occurred in many Asian and Pacific countries during the period of Japanese imperialism, primarily during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.

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Japanese work environment

Many both in and outside of Japan share an image of the Japanese work environment that is based on a and " model used by large companies as well as a reputation of long work-hours and strong devotion to one's company.

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Japanese writing system

The modern Japanese writing system is a combination of two character types: logographic kanji, which are adopted Chinese characters, and syllabic kana.

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Japanese yen

The is the official currency of Japan.

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Japonic languages

The Japonic language family includes the Japanese language spoken on the main islands of Japan as well as the Ryukyuan languages spoken in the Ryukyu Islands.

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Japonism

Japonism (from the French Japonisme, first used in 1872) is the influence of Japanese art, fashion and aesthetics on Western culture.

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JAXA

The, or JAXA, is Japan's national aero-space agency.

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Jōdo Shinshū

, also known as Shin Buddhism, is a school of Pure Land Buddhism.

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Jōdo-shū

, also known as Jōdo Buddhism, is a branch of Pure Land Buddhism derived from the teachings of the Japanese ex-Tendai monk Hōnen.

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Jōmon period

The is the time in Prehistoric Japan from about 12,000 BC and in some cases cited as early as 14,500 BC to about 300 BC, when Japan was inhabited by a hunter-gatherer culture which reached a considerable degree of sedentism and cultural complexity.

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John Lie

John Lie (born 1959) is the Professor of sociology and Dean of International and Area Studies at the University of California, Berkeley.

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Joint Strike Fighter program

Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) is a development and acquisition program intended to replace a wide range of existing fighter, strike, and ground attack aircraft for the United States, the United Kingdom, Turkey, Italy, Canada, Australia, the Netherlands and their allies.

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Judaism

Judaism (from Iudaismus, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew:, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) encompasses the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people.

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Judicial system of Japan

In the judicial system of Japan, the postwar constitution guarantees that "all judges shall be independent in the exercise of their conscience and shall be bound only by this constitution and the Laws" (Article 76).

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Judo

is a modern martial art, combat and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎).

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Jun'ichirō Tanizaki

was one of the major writers of modern Japanese literature, and perhaps the most popular Japanese novelist after Natsume Sōseki.

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Junichirō Koizumi

Junichiro Koizumi, born January 8, 1942, is a Japanese politician who was the 87th Prime Minister of Japan from 2001 to 2006.

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Kabuki

is a classical Japanese dance-drama.

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Kaidō

were roads in Japan dating from the Edo period.

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Kamakura

is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, about south-south-west of Tokyo.

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Kamakura period

The is a period of Japanese history that marks the governance by the Kamakura shogunate, officially established in 1192 in Kamakura by the first shogun, Minamoto no Yoritomo.

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Kamakura shogunate

The Kamakura shogunate (Japanese: 鎌倉幕府, Kamakura bakufu) was a Japanese feudal military government.

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Kana

are syllabic Japanese scripts, a part of the Japanese writing system contrasted with the logographic Chinese characters known in Japan as kanji (漢字).

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Kanji

Kanji (漢字), or kan'ji, are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the modern Japanese writing system along with hiragana and katakana.

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Kansai International Airport

is an international airport located on an artificial island in the middle of Osaka Bay, southwest of Ōsaka Station, located within three municipalities, including Izumisano (north),.

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Karaoke

(or) is a form of interactive entertainment or video game in which an amateur singer sings along with recorded music (a music video) using a microphone and public address system.

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Karate

(Okinawan pronunciation) is a martial art developed on the Ryukyu Islands in what is now Okinawa, Japan.

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Katakana

is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin script (known as romaji).

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Kūkai

Kūkai (空海), also known posthumously as, 774–835, was a Japanese monk, civil servant, scholar, poet, and artist, founder of the Shingon or "True Word" school of Buddhism.

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Keio Corporation

() is a private railway operator in Tokyo, Japan, and the central firm of the that is involved in transport, retail, real estate and other industries.

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Keiretsu

A is a set of companies with interlocking business relationships and shareholdings.

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Kendo

is a modern Japanese martial art, which descended from swordsmanship (kenjutsu) and uses bamboo swords (shinai) and protective armour (bōgu).

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Kenmu Restoration

The (1333–1336) is the name given to both the three-year period of Japanese history between the Kamakura period and the Muromachi period, and the political events that took place in it.

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Kenzaburō Ōe

is a Japanese author and a major figure in contemporary Japanese literature.

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Kibo (ISS module)

The Japanese Experiment Module (JEM), also known with the nickname, is a Japanese science module for the International Space Station (ISS) developed by JAXA.

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Kimigayo

is the national anthem of Japan.

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Kimono

The is a Japanese traditional garment.

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Kintetsu

is a Japanese rail transit corporation.

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Kojiki

is the oldest extant chronicle in Japan, dating from the early 8th century (711–712) and composed by Ō no Yasumaro at the request of Empress Gemmei.

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Kokin Wakashū

The, commonly abbreviated as, is an early anthology of the waka form of Japanese poetry, dating from the Heian period.

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Kokugaku

Kokugaku (Kyūjitai: 國學/Shinjitai: 国学; lit. National study) was an academic movement, a school of Japanese philology and philosophy originating during the Tokugawa period.

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Kongōbu-ji

is the ecclesiastic head temple of Koyasan Shingon Buddhism, located on, Wakayama prefecture, Japan.

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Korea

Korea, called Hanguk (한국; Hanja: 韓國) or Daehan (대한; Hanja: 大韓) in South Korea and Chosŏn (조선; Hanja: 朝鮮) in North Korea and elsewhere, is an East Asian territory that is divided into two distinct sovereign states, North Korea (also known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, or DPRK) and South Korea (also known as the Republic of Korea, or ROK).

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Koreans in Japan

Koreans in Japan are the ethnic Korean residents of Japan.

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Koto (instrument)

The koto (Japanese: 箏) is a traditional Japanese stringed musical instrument similar to the Chinese zheng, the Mongolian yatga, the Korean gayageum, and the Vietnamese đàn tranh.

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Kujikata Osadamegaki

Kujikata Osadamegaki (公事方御定書, lit. "book of rules for public officials") was a two-volume rulebook for Japanese judicial bureaucrats during the Edo Period (江戸時代).

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Kunigami language

The Kunigami or Northern Okinawan language is a Ryukyuan language of northern Okinawa Island in Kunigami District and city of Nago, otherwise known as the Yanbaru region, historically the territory of the Hokuzan kingdom.

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Kuril Islands dispute

The Kuril Islands dispute (Спор о принадлежности Курильских островов Spor o prinadlezhnosti Kuril'skikh ostrovov.), also known as the, is a dispute between Japan and Russia and also some individuals of the Ainu people over sovereignty of the South Kuril Islands.

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Kyoto

, formerly known as Meaco, is a city located in the central part of the island of Honshu, Japan.

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Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty, which extends the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that commits State Parties to reduce greenhouse gases emissions, based on the premise that (a) global warming exists and (b) man-made CO2 emissions have caused it.

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Kyoto University

, or is a national university located in Kyoto, Japan.

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Kyushu

() is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands.

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Latin alphabet

The classical Latin alphabet, also known as the Roman alphabet, is a writing system that evolved from the visually similar Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet.

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Latin Americans

Latin Americans (latinoamericano, latino-americano) are the citizens of the Latin American countries and dependencies.

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Law of Japan

The law of Japan refers to the entirety of the legally achieved norms in Japan.

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League of Nations

The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, "Société des Nations" abbreviated as SDN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.

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Liancourt Rocks

The Liancourt Rocks, also known as Dokdo or Tokto (literally solitary island) in Korean, and in Japanese, are a group of small islets in the Sea of Japan.

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Liberal Democratic Party (Japan)

The, frequently abbreviated to LDP or, is a major conservative political party in Japan.

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Life expectancy

Life expectancy is a statistical measure of how long a person or organism may live, based on the year of their birth, their current age and other demographic factors including gender.

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Linguistics

Linguistics is the scientific study of language.

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List of cities by GDP

This is a list of cities and/or their metropolitan areas in the world by GDP.

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List of cities proper by population

This article lists the most populous cities in the world defined according to a concept of city proper.

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List of countries and dependencies by population

This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population with inclusion within the list being based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1.

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List of countries by exports

This is a list of countries by merchandise exports, based on the The World Factbook of the CIA.

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List of countries by GDP (nominal)

Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates.

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List of countries by GDP (PPP)

This article includes a list of countries in the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a state in a given year.

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List of countries by imports

This is a list of countries by imports, based on the World Trade Organization and The World Factbook.

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List of countries by life expectancy

This is a collection of lists of countries by life expectancy at birth.

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List of countries by military expenditures

This article is a list of countries by military expenditure, the amount spent by a nation on its military in a given year.

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List of countries by natural disaster risk

This is a list of countries by natural disaster risk, as measured in the World Risk Index, calculated by the United Nations University for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) and featured in the 2013 World Risk Report (WRR 2013) published by the Alliance Development Works/Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft (BEH).

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List of countries by oil imports

This is a list of countries by oil imports based on The World Factbook and other sources.

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List of countries by tax revenue as percentage of GDP

This article lists countries alphabetically, with total tax revenue as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) for the listed countries.

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List of countries by unemployment rate

Methods of calculation and presentation of unemployment rate vary from country to country.

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List of ecoregions in Japan

Japan is home to a nine forest ecoregions, which reflect its climate and geography.

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List of government space agencies

This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration.

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List of islands of Japan

The four main islands of Japan are.

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List of Japanese poetry anthologies

This is a list of significant Japanese poetry anthologies.

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List of national parks of Japan

and in Japan are places of scenic beauty designated for protection and sustainable usage by the Minister of the Environment under the Natural Parks Law (1957).

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List of railway companies in Japan

List of railway companies in Japan lists Japanese railway operators.

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List of Ramsar sites in Japan

The Ramsar Convention (Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat) is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.

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List of sovereign states and dependent territories by population density

This is a list of countries and dependencies ranked by human population density and measured by the number of human inhabitants per square kilometer or square mile.

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List of the world's busiest airports by passenger traffic

The world's busiest airports by passenger traffic are measured by total passengers (data from Airports Council International (ACI)), defined as passengers enplaned plus passengers deplaned plus direct-transit passengers.

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List of traditional Japanese games

This is a list of traditional Japanese games.

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List of World Heritage Sites in Japan

Japan accepted the UNESCO World Heritage Convention on 30 June 1992.

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Lost Decade (Japan)

The is the time after the Japanese asset price bubble's collapse within the Japanese economy.

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Lytton Report

are the findings of the Lytton Commission, entrusted in 1931 by the League of Nations in an attempt to determine the causes of the Mukden Incident, which led to the Empire of Japan’s seizure of Manchuria.

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Machine tool

A machine tool is a machine for shaping or machining metal or other rigid materials, usually by cutting, boring, grinding, shearing, or other forms of deformation.

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Malay language

Malay (Bahasa Melayu; Jawi script: بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family.

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Malayan Campaign

The Malayan Campaign was fought by Allied and Axis forces in Malaya, from 8 December 1941 – 31 January 1942 during the Second World War.

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Man'yōshū

The is the oldest existing collection of Japanese poetry, compiled sometime after 759 AD during the Nara period.

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Manchuria

Manchuria is a modern name given to a large geographic region in Northeast Asia.

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Mandarin Chinese

Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.

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Manga

are comics created in Japan, or by creators in the Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century.

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Manufacturing in Japan

Japan's major export industries include automobiles, consumer electronics (see Electronics industry in Japan), computers, semiconductors, copper, iron and steel.

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Maple

Acer is a genus of trees or shrubs commonly known as maple.

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Marco Polo

Marco Polo (September 15, 1254January 8–9, 1324) was an Italian merchant traveller whose travels are recorded in Livres des merveilles du monde (Book of the Marvels of the World, also known as The Travels of Marco Polo, c. 1300), a book that introduced Europeans to Central Asia and China.

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Marius Jansen

Marius Berthus Jansen (April 11, 1922 – December 10, 2000) was an American academic, historian, and Emeritus Professor of Japanese History at Princeton University.

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Market capitalization

Market capitalization or market cap is the total money market value of the shares outstanding of a publicly traded company; it is equal to the share price times the number of shares outstanding.

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Market economy

A market economy is an economy in which decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are based on supply and demand, and prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system.

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Matsuo Bashō

, born, then, was the most famous poet of the Edo period in Japan.

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Matthew C. Perry

Matthew Calbraith Perry (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858) was a Commodore of the United States Navy and commanded a number of ships.

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Medical research

Biomedical research (or experimental medicine) is in general simply known as medical research.

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Meiji Constitution

The, known informally as the, was the constitution of the Empire of Japan in force from November 29, 1890 until May 2, 1947.

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Meiji Restoration

The, also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was a chain of events that restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.

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Mesolithic

In archaeology, mesolithic (Greek: mesos "middle", lithos "stone") is the culture between paleolithic and neolithic.

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Metallurgy

Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.

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Metropolis (free magazine)

Metropolis is a 32-to-48-page free biweekly city guide, news and classified ads glossy magazine published by Japan Partnership KK targeting English-speaking foreigners in Tokyo, Japan.

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Michelin Guide

Michelin Guides (French: Guide Michelin) are a series of annual guide books published by the French company Michelin for more than one hundred years.

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Minamoto no Yoritomo

was the founder and the first shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan.

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Minister of State

Minister of State is a title borne by politicians or officials in certain countries governed under a parliamentary system.

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Ministry of Defense (Japan)

The is a cabinet-level ministry of the Government of Japan.

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Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology

The, also known as MEXT, Monka-shō or Monbushō, is one of the ministries of the Japanese government.

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Minka

are vernacular houses constructed in any one of several traditional Japanese building styles.

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Missionary

A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care and economic development.

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Miyabi

Miyabi (雅) is one of the traditional Japanese aesthetic ideals, though not as prevalent as Iki or Wabi-sabi.

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Miyako language

The Miyako language (宮古口/ミャークフツ Myaakufutsu or 島口/スマフツ Sumafutsu) is a language spoken in the Miyako Islands, located southwest of Okinawa.

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Mongol invasions of Japan

The, which took place in 1274 and 1281, were major military efforts undertaken by Kublai Khan to conquer the Japanese archipelago after the submission of Goryeo (Korea) to vassaldom.

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Monoculturalism

Monoculturalism is the practice of actively preserving a national culture via the exclusion of external influences.

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Moody's Investors Service

Moody's Investors Service, often referred to as Moody's, is the bond credit rating business of Moody's Corporation, representing the company's traditional line of business and its historical name.

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Mori Ōgai

Lieutenant-General was a Japanese Army Surgeon general officer, translator, novelist and poet.

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Mount Kōya

is the name of mountains in Wakayama Prefecture to the south of Osaka.

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Mount Yoshino

is a mountain located in the town of Yoshino in Yoshino District, Nara Prefecture, Japan.

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Multinational state

A multinational state is a sovereign state which is viewed as comprising two or more nations.

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Municipal mergers and dissolutions in Japan

Municipal mergers and dissolutions carried out in Japan (known as in Japanese) can take place within one municipality or between multiple municipalities and are required to be based upon consensus.

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Murasaki Shikibu

Murasaki Shikibu (紫 式部, Lady Murasaki) (c. 973 or 978 – c. 1014 or 1031) was a Japanese novelist, poet and lady-in-waiting at the Imperial court during the Heian period.

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Muromachi period

The is a division of Japanese history running from approximately 1337 to 1573.

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Myōjin-shō

is a submarine volcano located about 450 kilometers south of Tokyo on the Izu-Ogasawara Ridge in the Izu Islands.

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Nagaoka-kyō

was the capital of Japan from 784 to 794.

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Nagasaki

() is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan.

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Names of Japan

There are many names of Japan in the English, Japanese, and other languages.

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Nanban art

refers to Japanese art of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries influenced by contact with the or 'Southern barbarians', traders and missionaries from Europe and specifically from Portugal and Spain.

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Nanban trade

The or the in the history of Japan extends from the arrival of the first Europeans - Portuguese explorers, missionaries and merchants - to Japan in 1543, to their near-total exclusion from the archipelago in 1614, under the promulgation of the "Sakoku" Seclusion Edicts.

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Nanjing

Nanjing ("Southern Capital") is the capital of Jiangsu province and the second largest city in eastern China (after Shanghai), with a total population of 8.16 million and a urban population of 6.55 million in 2013.

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Nanking Massacre

The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking or Rape of Nanjing, was an episode during the Second Sino-Japanese War of mass murder and mass rape by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (then spelled Nanking), then capital of the Republic of China.

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Nara period

The of the history of Japan covers the years from AD 710 to 794.

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Nara, Nara

is the capital city of Nara Prefecture located in the Kansai region of Japan.

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Narita International Airport

, also known as Tokyo Narita Airport, formerly and originally known as New Tokyo International Airport, is an international airport serving the Greater Tokyo Area of Japan.

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Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan

is the eldest son of Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko, which makes him the heir apparent to the Chrysanthemum Throne.

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National Basketball Association

The National Basketball Association (NBA) is the pre-eminent men's professional basketball league in North America, and is widely considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world.

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National Diet

The is Japan's bicameral legislature.

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National Foundation Day

is a national holiday in Japan celebrated annually on February 11, celebrating the foundation of Japan and the accession of its first Emperor, Emperor Jimmu.

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National language

A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) which has some connection—de facto or de jure—with a people and perhaps by extension the territory they occupy.

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National Museum of Nature and Science

The is in the northeast corner of Ueno park in Tokyo.

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National Treasure (Japan)

Some of the National Treasures of Japan A National Treasure (国宝: kokuhō) is the most precious of Japan's Tangible Cultural Properties, as determined and designated by the Agency for Cultural Affairs (a subsidiary of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology).

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Natsume Sōseki

, born was a Japanese novelist of the Meiji period (1868–1912).

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Natural disaster

A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.

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Natural gas

Natural gas is a fossil fuel formed when layers of decomposing plant and animal matter are exposed to intense heat and pressure over thousands of years.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany or the Third Reich (Drittes Reich) are common English names for the period of history in Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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Neolithic

The Neolithic Age, Era, or Period, from νέος (néos, "new") and λίθος (líthos, "stone"), or New Stone Age, was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of the Middle East, and later in other parts of the world from First Farmers: The Origins of Agricultural Societies by Peter Bellwood, 2004 and ending between 4,500 and 2,000 BC.

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Nihon Shoki

The, sometimes translated as The Chronicles of Japan, is the second oldest book of classical Japanese history.

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Nikkei 225

The, more commonly called the Nikkei, the Nikkei index, or the Nikkei Stock Average, is a stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE).

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Ningbo dialect

The Ningbo dialect or Ningbonese is a dialect of Wu, one of the subdivisions of Chinese varieties.

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Nintendo

is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics company headquartered in Kyoto, Japan.

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Nippon Oil

The, or NOC or Shin-Nisseki (新日石) is a Japanese petroleum company.

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Nippon Professional Baseball

or NPB is the highest level of baseball in Japan.

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Nippon Steel

(), was formed in 2012 with the merger of Nippon Steel and Sumitomo Metal.

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Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Norwegian: Nobelprisen) is a set of annual international awards bestowed in a number of categories by Swedish and Norwegian committees in recognition of academic, cultural and/or scientific advances.

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Nobel Prize in Literature

Since 1901, the Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) has been awarded annually to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning).

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Noh

, or —derived from the Sino-Japanese word for "skill" or "talent"—is a major form of classical Japanese musical drama that has been performed since the 14th century.

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North Korea

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.

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North Korea and weapons of mass destruction

North Korea (officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea or DPRK) declared in 2009 that it had developed a nuclear weapon, and probably possesses a small stockpile of relatively simple nuclear weapons.

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North Korean abductions of Japanese citizens

The abductions of Japanese citizens from Japan by agents of the North Korean government happened during a period of six years from 1977 to 1983.

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NOx

NOx is a generic term for the mono-nitrogen oxides NO and NO2 (nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide).

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NTT DoCoMo

is the predominant mobile phone operator in Japan.

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Nuclear power

Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power station.

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Nuclear power in Japan

As of September 2015, Japan has one nuclear power plant in operation.

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Occupation of Japan

The Allied occupation of Japan at the end of World War II was led by Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, with support from the British Commonwealth.

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Oda Nobunaga

was a powerful samurai warlord of Japan in the late 16th century who initiated the unification of Japan near the end of the Warring States period.

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Official development assistance

Official development assistance (ODA) is a term coined by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to measure aid.

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Okazu

is a Japanese word meaning a side dish to accompany rice; subsidiary articles of diet.

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Okhotsk Plate

The Okhotsk Plate is a minor tectonic plate covering the Sea of Okhotsk, the Kamchatka Peninsula, Sakhalin Island and Tōhoku and Hokkaidō in Japan.

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Okinawa Plate

The Okinawa Plate is a minor tectonic plate in the northern and eastern hemispheres stretching from the northern end of Taiwan to the southern tip of the island of Kyūshū.

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Okinawa Prefecture

is the southernmost prefecture of Japan.

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Okinawan Japanese

is the Japanese language as spoken by people of Okinawa Prefecture.

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Okinawan language

Central Okinawan, or simply the Okinawan language (沖縄口/ウチナーグチ Uchinaaguchi), is a Northern Ryukyuan language spoken primarily in the southern half of the island of Okinawa, as well as in the surrounding islands of Kerama, Kumejima, Tonaki, Aguni, and a number of smaller peripheral islands.

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Okinotorishima

The "distant bird island" are an 8 km2 total area uninhabited atoll.

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Oku no Hosomichi

, translated alternately as The Narrow Road to the Deep North and The Narrow Road to the Interior, is a major work of haibun by the Japanese poet Matsuo Bashō, considered "one of the major texts of classical Japanese literature." The text is written in the form of a prose and verse travel diary and was penned as Bashō made an epic and dangerous journey on foot through the Edo Japan of the late 17th century.

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Old Mandarin

Old Mandarin or Early Mandarin was the speech of northern China during the Jin and Yuan dynasties (12th to 14th centuries).

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Olivier Messiaen

Olivier Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century.

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Onsen

An is a term for hot springs in the Japanese language, though the term is often used to describe the bathing facilities and inns around the hot springs.

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Optics

Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behaviour and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.

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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an international economic organisation of 34 countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.

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Origami

) is the art of paper folding, which is often associated with Japanese culture.

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Outline of Japan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Japan: Japan – an island nation in East Asia, located in the Pacific Ocean.

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Pacific coast

A country's Pacific coast is the part of its coast bordering the Pacific Ocean.

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions.

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Pacific Plate

The Pacific Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate that lies beneath the Pacific Ocean.

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Pacific War

The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theatre of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and East Asia.

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Panasonic

, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.

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Parliamentary system

A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament); the executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.

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PBS

The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.

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Peacekeeping

Peacekeeping refers to activities that tend to create conditions that favor lasting peace.

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Penguin Classics

Penguin Classics is an imprint published by Penguin Books, a subsidiary of Pearson PLC.

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Permanent employment

Permanent employees, regular employees or the directly employed work for an employer and are paid directly by that employer.

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Peruvians

Peru is a multiethnic country formed by the combination of different groups over five centuries, so people in Peru usually treat their nationality as a citizenship rather than an ethnicity.

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Philippine Sea Plate

The Philippine Sea Plate or Philippine Plate is a tectonic plate comprising oceanic lithosphere that lies beneath the Philippine Sea, to the east of the Philippines.

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Phonogram (linguistics)

A phonogram is a grapheme (written character) which represents a phoneme (speech sound) or combination of phonemes, such as the letters of the Latin alphabet or the Japanese kana.

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Pit-house

A pit-house (or pithouse) is a building that is partly dug into the ground, and covered by a roof.

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Pleistocene

The Pleistocene (symbol PS) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's recent period of repeated glaciations.

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Port of Nagoya

The, located in Ise Bay, is the largest and busiest trading port in Japan, accounting for about 10% of the total trade value of Japan.

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Portugal

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), is a country on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe.

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Portuguese Empire

The Portuguese Empire (Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português), was the first global empire in history.

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Portuguese Malacca

Portuguese Malacca was the territory of Malacca that, for 130 years (1511–1641), was a Portuguese colony.

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Post-Impressionism

Post-Impressionism (also spelled Postimpressionism) is a predominantly French art movement that developed roughly between 1886 and 1905; from the last Impressionist exhibition to the birth of Fauvism.

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Post–World War II baby boom

The end of World War II brought a baby boom to many countries, especially Western ones.

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Pottery

Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up potterywares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.

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Precipitation

In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapour that falls under gravity.

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Prefectures of Japan

The prefectures of Japan consist of 47 prefectures.

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Prime Minister of Japan

The is the head of government of Japan.

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Privy Council of Japan

was an advisory council to the Emperor of Japan that operated from 1888 to 1947.

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Programme for International Student Assessment

The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a worldwide study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in member and non-member nations of 15-year-old school pupils' scholastic performance on mathematics, science, and reading.

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Purchasing power parity

Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a component of some economic theories and is a technique used to determine the relative value of different currencies.

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Pure Land Buddhism

Pure Land Buddhism (date, Jōdo bukkyō; Korean: 정토종, jeongtojong; Vietnamese: Tịnh Độ Tông), also referred to as Amidism in English, is a broad branch of Mahāyāna Buddhism and one of the most widely practiced traditions of Buddhism in East Asia.

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Qatar

Qatar (or; قطر; local vernacular pronunciation), officially the State of Qatar (دولة قطر), is a sovereign country located in Southwest Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Radical (Chinese characters)

A Chinese radical is a graphical component of a Chinese character under which the character is traditionally listed in a Chinese dictionary.

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Rakugo

is a form of Japanese verbal entertainment.

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Rangaku

Rangaku (Kyūjitai: 學/Shinjitai: 蘭学, literally "Dutch Learning", and by extension "Western Learning") is a body of knowledge developed by Japan through its contacts with the Dutch enclave of Dejima, which allowed Japan to keep abreast of Western technology and medicine in the period when the country was closed to foreigners, 1641–1853, because of the Tokugawa shogunate’s policy of national isolation (sakoku).

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Recitative

Recitative (also known by its Italian name "recitativo") is a style of delivery (much used in operas, oratorios, and cantatas) in which a singer is allowed to adopt the rhythms of ordinary speech.

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Records of the Three Kingdoms

The Records of the Three Kingdoms, also known by its Chinese title Sanguozhi, is a Chinese historical text which covers the history of the late Eastern Han dynasty (c. 184–220 AD) and the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD).

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Rentarō Taki

was a pianist and one of the best-known composers of Japan.

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Research and development

Research and Development (R&D), also known in Europe as research and technical (or technological) development (RTD), is a general term for activities in connection with corporate or governmental innovation.

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Reuters

Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in Canary Wharf, London, England, United Kingdom and a division of Thomson Reuters.

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Rice

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).

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Rice broker

Rice brokers, which rose to power and significance in Osaka and Edo in the Edo period (1603-1867) of Japanese history, were the forerunners to Japan's banking system.

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Ring of Fire

The Ring of Fire is an area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.

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Robotics

Robotics is the branch of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronic engineering and computer science that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing.

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Rubber stamp (politics)

A rubber stamp, as a political metaphor, refers to a person or institution with considerable de jure power but little de facto power; one that rarely disagrees with more powerful organs.

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Rugby union

Rugby union, or simply rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.

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Rugby World Cup

The Rugby World Cup is a men's rugby union tournament contested every four years between the top international teams.

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Russia

Russia (Ru-Россия.ogg), also officially known as the Russian Federation (a), is a country in northern Eurasia.

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Russo-Japanese War

The Russo-Japanese War (8 February 1904 – 5 September 1905) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.

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Ryūnosuke Akutagawa

was a Japanese writer active in the Taishō period in Japan.

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Ryukyu Islands

The, known in Japanese as the and also known as the, are a chain of Japanese islands that stretch southwest from Kyushu to Taiwan: the Ōsumi, Tokara, Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima Islands (further divided into the Miyako and Yaeyama Islands), with Yonaguni the southernmost.

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Ryukyuan languages

The are the indigenous languages of the Ryukyu Islands, the southernmost part of the Japanese archipelago.

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Ryukyuan people

The are the indigenous peoples of the Ryukyu Islands between the islands of Kyushu and Taiwan.

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Saichō

was a Japanese Buddhist monk credited with founding the Tendai school in Japan, based around the Chinese Tiantai tradition he was exposed to during his trip to China beginning in 804.

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Sakhalin

Sakhalin (Сахалин) is a large Russian island in the North Pacific Ocean, lying between 45°50' and 54°24' N.

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Sakoku

was the foreign relations policy of Japan under which no foreigner could enter nor could any Japanese leave the country on penalty of death.

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Samurai

were the military nobility of medieval and early-modern Japan.

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Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is an Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.

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SCMaglev

The SCMaglev (superconducting maglev) (formerly called the MLU) is a magnetic levitation (maglev) railway system based on the principle of magnetic repulsion between the track and the cars.

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Sea of Japan

The Sea of Japan is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, between the Asian mainland, the Japanese archipelago and Sakhalin.

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Sea of Okhotsk

The Sea of Okhotsk (p; Ohōtsuku-kai) is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, lying between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the island of Hokkaidō to the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a long stretch of eastern Siberian coast (including the Shantar Islands) along the west and north.

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Seasonal food

Seasonality of food refers to the times of year when a given type food is at its peak, either in terms of harvest or its flavour.

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Second Sino-Japanese War

The Second Sino-Japanese War (July 7, 1937 – September 9, 1945), so named due to the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894–95, was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from 1937 to 1945.

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Secondary education in Japan

Secondary education in Japan is split into junior high schools (中学校 chūgakkō), which cover the seventh through ninth grades, and senior high schools (高等学校 kōtōgakkō, abbreviated to 高校 kōkō), which mostly cover grades ten through twelve.

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Secret ballot

The secret ballot is a voting method in which a voter's choices in an election or a referendum are anonymous, forestalling attempts to influence the voter by intimidation and potential vote buying.

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Sei Shōnagon

, (c. 966–1017/1025) was a Japanese author, poet and a court lady who served the Empress Teishi (Sadako) around the year 1000 during the middle Heian period.

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Seibu Railway

is a conglomerate based in Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan, with principal business areas in railways, tourism and real estate.

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SELENE

SELENE (Selenological and Engineering Explorer), better known in Japan by its nickname, was the second Japanese lunar orbiter spacecraft following the Hiten probe.

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Self-defense

Self-defense or self-defence (see spelling differences) is a countermeasure that involves defending the well-being of oneself or of another from harm.

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Semiconductor

A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor, such as copper, and an insulator, such as glass.

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Sengoku period

The is a period in Japanese history marked by social upheaval, political intrigue and near-constant military conflict Japanese historians named after the otherwise unrelated Warring States period.

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Senkaku Islands

The, firstly called the Diaoyu Islands by the Chinese and Western missionaries in the 1700s(also simply 钓鱼岛) in Mainland China or Diaoyutai Islands in Taiwan, or the Pinnacle Islands, are a group of uninhabited islands controlled by Japan in the East China Sea. They are located roughly due east of Mainland China, northeast of Taiwan, west of Okinawa Island, and north of the southwestern end of the Ryukyu Islands. Following the discovery of potential undersea oil reserves in 1968 in the area and the 1971 transfer of administrative control of the islands from the United States to Japan, the latter's sovereignty over the territory is disputed by both the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (also known as Taiwan). China claims the discovery and ownership of the islands from the 14th century, while Japan had ownership of the islands from 1895 until its surrender at the end of World War II. The United States administered the islands as part of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands from 1945 until 1972, when the islands returned to Japanese control under the Okinawa Reversion Agreement between the United States and Japan. The islands are disputed between China and Japan and between Japan and Taiwan. Despite the diplomatic stalemate between China and Taiwan, both governments agree that the islands are part of Taiwan as part of Toucheng Township in Yilan County. Japan regards the islands as a part of the city of Ishigaki in Okinawa Prefecture, and acknowledges neither the claim of China nor Taiwan but has not allowed the Ishigaki administration to develop the islands.

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Seto Inland Sea

The, often shortened to Inland Sea, is the body of water separating Honshū, Shikoku, and Kyūshū, three of the four main islands of Japan.

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Seven & I Holdings Co.

is a Japanese diversified retail group headquartered in Nibancho, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.

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Shale

Shale is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock composed of mud that is a mix of flakes of clay minerals and tiny fragments (silt-sized particles) of other minerals, especially quartz and calcite.

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Shamisen

The, also called, is a three-stringed, Japanese musical instrument derived from the Chinese instrument sanxian.

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Shanghainese

No description.

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Sharp Corporation

is a Japanese multinational corporation that designs and manufactures electronic products. Headquartered in Abeno-ku, Osaka, Japan, Sharp employed 49,096 people worldwide as of March 2015. The company was founded in September 1912 and takes its name from one of its founder's first inventions, the Ever-Sharp mechanical pencil, which was invented by Tokuji Hayakawa (早川 徳次) in 1915. As of 2013, Sharp Corporation is the tenth-largest, by market share, television manufacturer in the world. Since 2000, Sharp has heavily invested in LCD panel manufacturing plants: Kameyama in 2004, Sakai in 2009. The Sakai plant is still the only 10th generation LCD manufacturing plant on the globe and best fit for production of 60 inch or larger panels. However, the 2008 financial crisis and strong Yen (especially against Won) significantly lowered world demand for Japanese LCD panels. Furthermore, the switch to digital TV broadcasting was virtually completed in Japan by the middle of 2011. Via Japanese government issued coupons for digital TV sets, consumers were encouraged to purchase digital TV sets until March 2011. This hit the Japanese LCD TV market, reducing it almost by half from 2010. All of those events strongly hit Sharp's LCD business. As the result, the Sakai LCD plant suffered a reduced operating rate until Q3 2012. 2012 was the 100th anniversary for Sharp but it announced the worst financial record in its history, with a loss of 376 billion yen (US$4.7 billion) in April 2012. In September, Sharp announced job cuts. In 2014, Sharp was able to stem losses and deliver a positive net income for its first quarter results. In July 2015, Sharp sold its Mexico TV factory to Chinese electronics manufacturer Hisense for $23.7 million with rights to use the Sharp brand name and all its channel resources in North and South America - meaning Hisense completely took over Sharp's TV business in those regions.

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Shōji

In traditional Japanese architecture, a is a door, window or room divider consisting of translucent paper over a frame of wood which holds together a lattice of wood or bamboo.

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Shōwa-shinzan

is a volcanic lava dome in the Shikotsu-Toya National Park, Hokkaidō, Japan, next to Mount Usu.

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Shikoku

is the smallest (long and between wide) and least populous (4,141,955 as of 2005) of the four main islands of Japan, located south of Honshu and east of the island of Kyushu.

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Shinbutsu-shūgō

, also called, a term which however has a negative connotation of bastardization and randomness, is the syncretism of Buddhism and kami worship which was Japan's religion until the Meiji period.

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Shingon Buddhism

is one of the major schools of Buddhism in Japan and one of the few surviving Vajrayana lineages in East Asia, originally spread from India to China through traveling monks such as Vajrabodhi and Amoghavajra.

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Shinkansen

The is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan operated by four Japan Railways Group companies.

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Shinto

, also kami-no-michi, is the ethnic religion of the people of Japan.

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Shinto shrine

A is a structure whose main purpose is to house ("enshrine") one or more kami.

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Shinzō Abe

is the Prime Minister of Japan, re-elected to the position in December 2012.

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Shogun

A was a hereditary military governor in Japan during the period from 1192 to 1867.

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Sikhism

Sikhism, or Sikhi (from Sikh, meaning a disciple, or a learner), is a monotheistic religion founded in South Asia in the 15th century.

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Six Codes

Six Codes (六法), refers to the six main legal codes that make up the main body of law in Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan.

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Six-party talks

The six-party talks aim to find a peaceful resolution to the security concerns as a result of the North Korean nuclear weapons program.

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Smallpox

Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.

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Society of Jesus

The Society of Jesus (Societas Iesu, S.J., SJ or SI) is a male religious congregation of the Catholic Church.

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Sony

, commonly referred to as Sony, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan Minato, Tokyo, Japan.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (lit. The Republic of Great Han; ROK), and commonly referred to as Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.

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Soviet invasion of Manchuria

The Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation (Манчжурская стратегическая наступательная операция, lit. Manchzhurskaya Strategicheskaya Nastupatelnaya Operaciya) began on 9 August 1945, with the Soviet invasion of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo and was the last campaign of the Second World War and the largest of the 1945 Soviet–Japanese War which resumed hostilities between the Soviet Union and the Empire of Japan after almost six years of peace.

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Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact

The, also known as the was a pact between the Soviet Union and the Empire of Japan signed on April 13, 1941, two years after the brief Soviet–Japanese Border War (1939).

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Space exploration

Space exploration is the ongoing discovery and exploration of celestial structures in outer space by means of continuously evolving and growing space technology.

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Space probe

A space probe is a robotic spacecraft that leaves Earth orbit and explores space.

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Space Shuttle

The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

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Staple food

A staple food, sometimes simply referred to as a staple, is a food that is eaten routinely, and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet in a given population, supplying a large fraction of the needs for energy-rich materials and generally a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well.

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Stratovolcano

A stratovolcano, also known as a composite volcano, is a conical volcano built up by many layers (strata) of hardened lava, tephra, pumice, and volcanic ash.

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Subduction

In geology, subduction is the process that takes place at convergent boundaries by which one tectonic plate moves under another tectonic plate and sinks into the mantle as the plates converge.

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Subtropics

The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropic circle of latitude (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and the 38th parallel in each hemisphere.

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Suicide in Japan

Suicide in Japan has become a significant national social issue.

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Sumo

is a competitive full-contact wrestling sport where a rikishi (wrestler) attempts to force another wrestler out of a circular ring (dohyō) or into touching the ground with anything other than the soles of the feet.

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Super Formula

Super Formula, formerly known as Formula Nippon, is a type of formula racing and the top level of single-seater racing in Japan.

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Super GT

The Super GT series is a grand touring car racing series that began in 1993.

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Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers

The Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) (originally briefly styled Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers) was the title held by General Douglas MacArthur during the Allied occupation of Japan following World War II.

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Supreme Court of Japan

The Supreme Court of Japan (最高裁判所 Saikō-Saibansho; called 最高裁 Saikō-Sai for short), located in Chiyoda, Tokyo is the highest court in Japan.

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Surrender of Japan

The surrender of the Empire of Japan was announced by Imperial Japan on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.

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Syllabary

A syllabary is a set of written symbols that represent the syllables or (more frequently) moras which make up words.

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Syncretism

Syncretism is the combining of different, often contradictory beliefs, while blending practices of various schools of thought.

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Taira clan

was a major Japanese clan of samurai.

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Taishō period

The, or Taishō era, is a period in the history of Japan dating from July 30, 1912, to December 25, 1926, coinciding with the reign of the Emperor Taishō.

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Taiwan

Taiwan (see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC) is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Takeda Pharmaceutical Company

is the largest pharmaceutical company in Japan and Asia and a top 15 pharmaceutical company.

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Tanabata

, also known as the Star Festival, is a Japanese festival originating from the Chinese Qixi Festival.

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Tanegashima Space Center

The (TNSC) is a Japanese space development facility.

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Taoism

Taoism (sometimes Daoism) is a philosophical, ethical or religious tradition of Chinese origin, or faith of Chinese exemplification, that emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').

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Tarō Asō

is a Japanese politician, the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance.

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Tatami

A is a type of mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese-style rooms.

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Telephone numbers in Japan

Telephone numbers in Japan consist of an area code, an exchange number, and a subscriber number.

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Temperate broadleaf and mixed forest

Mixed forests are a temperate and humid biome.

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Temperate climate

In geography, temperate or tepid latitudes of Earth lie between the tropics and the polar regions.

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Temperate coniferous forest

Temperate coniferous forest is a terrestrial biome found in temperate regions of the world with warm summers and cool winters and adequate rainfall to sustain a forest.

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Tendai

is a Japanese school of Mahayana Buddhism, a descendant of the Chinese Tiantai or Lotus Sutra school.

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Tertiary sector of the economy

The tertiary sector of the economy (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three economic sectors, the others being the secondary sector (approximately the same as manufacturing) and the primary sector (agriculture, fishing, and extraction such as mining).

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper.

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The Pillow Book

is a book of observations and musings recorded by Sei Shōnagon during her time as court lady to Empress Consort Teishi (定子) during the 990s and early 11th century in Heian Japan.

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The Tale of Genji

is a classic work of Japanese literature written by the noblewoman and lady-in-waiting Murasaki Shikibu in the early years of the 11th century, around the peak of the Heian period.

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The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter

, also known as, is a 10th-century Japanese folktale.

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The Tale of the Heike

is an epic account compiled long prior 1330 of the struggle between the Taira and Minamoto clans for control of Japan at the end of the 12th century in the Genpei War (1180-1185).

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The Times

The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London.

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The Toyota Way

The Toyota Way is a set of principles and behaviors that underlie the Toyota Motor Corporation's managerial approach and production system.

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Time (magazine)

Time (styled within the magazine as TIME) is an American weekly news magazine published in New York City.

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Tofu

Tofu, also known as bean curd, is a food made by coagulating soy milk and then pressing the resulting curds into soft white blocks.

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Tokugawa Ieyasu

was the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, which virtually ruled Japan from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868.

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Tokugawa shogunate

The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the and the, was the last feudal Japanese military government which existed between 1603 and 1868.

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Tokyo

(), officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan, and is both the capital and largest city of Japan.

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Tokyo Stock Exchange

The, which is called or TSE for short, is a stock exchange located in Tokyo, Japan.

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Toll road

A toll road, also known as a turnpike or tollway, is a public or private roadway for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage.

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TOPIX

, commonly known as TOPIX, along with the Nikkei 225, is an important stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) in Japan, tracking all domestic companies of the exchange's First Section.

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Toru Takemitsu

was a Japanese composer and writer on aesthetics and music theory.

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Toshiba

(commonly referred to as Toshiba, stylized as TOSHIBA) is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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Toyota

is a Japanese automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.

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Toyotomi Hideyori

was the son and designated successor of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the general who first united all of Japan.

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Traditional Japanese musical instruments

No description.

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Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan

The, also known in Japan as or just for short, was first signed in 1952 at the San Francisco Presidio following the signing of the Treaty of San Francisco (commonly known as the Peace Treaty of San Francisco) at the San Francisco War Memorial Opera House.

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Treaty of San Francisco

, or commonly known as the Treaty of Peace with Japan, Peace Treaty of San Francisco, or San Francisco Peace Treaty), mostly between Japan and the Allied Powers, was officially signed by 48 nations on September 8, 1951, at the War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco, California, United States. It came into force on April 28, 1952. According to Article 11 of the Treaty of San Francisco, Japan accepts the judgments of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and of other Allied War Crimes Courts imposed on Japan both within and outside Japan. This treaty served to officially end World War II, to formally end Japan's position as an imperial power, to allocate compensation to Allied civilians and former prisoners of war who had suffered Japanese war crimes, and to end the Allies' military occupation and return sovereignty to Japan. This treaty made extensive use of the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to enunciate the Allies' goals. This treaty, along with the Security Treaty signed that same day, is said to mark the beginning of the "San Francisco System"; this term, coined by historian John W. Dower, signifies the effects of Japan's relationship with the United States and its role in the international arena as determined by these two treaties and is used to discuss the ways in which these effects have governed Japan's post-war history. This treaty also introduced the problem of the legal status of Taiwan due to its lack of specificity as to what country Taiwan was to be surrendered, and hence some supporters of Taiwan independence argue that sovereignty of Taiwan is really still held by the Allies (particularly the US).

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Tripartite Pact

The Tripartite Pact, also known as the Berlin Pact, was an agreement between Germany, Italy and Japan signed in Berlin on 27 September 1940 by, respectively, Adolf Hitler, Galeazzo Ciano and Saburō Kurusu.

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Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests (TSMF), also known as tropical moist forests, are a tropical and subtropical forest biome, sometimes referred to as Jungle.

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Tsunami

A tsunami (plural: tsunamis or tsunami; from 津波, lit. "harbor wave"; English pronunciation), also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.

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Typhoon

A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops in the western part of the North Pacific Ocean between 180° and 100°E.

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Ukiyo-e

Ukiyo-e, or ukiyo-ye (浮世絵,, "pictures of the floating world"), is a genre of woodblock prints and paintings that flourished in Japan from the 17th through 19th centuries.

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Unit 731

was a covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) of World War II.

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Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as one single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (subnational units) exercise only powers that their central government chooses to delegate.

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United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates (دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates or the UAE,الامارات is a country located in the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing sea borders with Qatar and Iran.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.

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United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), also known as the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations agency mandated to protect and support refugees at the request of a government or the UN itself and assists in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.

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United Nations Security Council

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.

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United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

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Universal suffrage

Universal suffrage (also universal adult suffrage, general suffrage or common suffrage) consists of the extension of the right to vote to adult citizens (or subjects), though it may also mean extending that right to minors (Demeny voting) and non-citizens.

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University of California Press

University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.

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University of Tokyo

, abbreviated as, is a research university located in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan.

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Upper Paleolithic

The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Palaeolithic, Late Stone Age) is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age as it is understood in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Venus

Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days.

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Video game console

A video game console is a device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game.

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Volcano

A volcano is a rupture on the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

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Wa (Japan)

Japanese is the oldest recorded name of Japan.

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Waka (poetry)

is a type of poetry in classical Japanese literature.

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Waste management

Waste management is all those activities and action required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal.

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Wildlife of Japan

The wildlife of Japan includes its flora, fauna and natural habitats.

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Woodblock printing

Woodblock printing is a technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later paper.

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World Rugby Pacific Nations Cup

The Pacific Nations Cup is an international rugby union competition held between six Pacific Rim nations: Fiji, Japan, Samoa, Tonga, Canada and the United States.

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World War I

World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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World's largest cities

Determining the world's largest cities depends on which definitions of "city" and "size" are used, and how those definitions are applied.

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Wu Chinese

Wu (Suzhou Wu:, Shanghai Wu) is a group of linguistically similar and historically related varieties of Chinese primarily spoken in Zhejiang province, the municipality of Shanghai, and southern Jiangsu province.

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Yaeyama language

The Yaeyama language (八重山物言/ヤイマムニ, Yaimamuni) is a Southern Ryukyuan language spoken in the Yaeyama Islands, the southernmost inhabited island group in Japan, with a combined population of about 50,000 (as of 2011).

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Yamatai

or is the Sino-Japanese name of an ancient country in Wa (Japan) during the late Yayoi period Chinese history Records of the Three Kingdoms first recorded as Yamatai guo or Yemayi guo as the domain of Priest-Queen Himiko (died Generations of Japanese historians, linguists, and archeologists have debated where Yamatai-koku was located and whether it was related to the later.

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Yamato people

and are names for the dominant native ethnic group of Japan.

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Yasunari Kawabata

was a Japanese novelist and short story writer whose spare, lyrical, subtly-shaded prose works won him the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1968, the first Japanese author to receive the award.

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Yayoi period

The is an Iron Age era in the history of Japan traditionally dated 300 BC to AD 300.

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Yonaguni language

The Yonaguni language (与那国物言/ドゥナンムヌイ Dunan Munui) is a Southern Ryukyuan language spoken by around 800 people on the island of Yonaguni, in the Ryukyu Islands, the westernmost of the chain lying just east of Taiwan.

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Yoshihiko Noda

is a Japanese politician who was Prime Minister of Japan from 2011 to 2012.

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Yukio Mishima

is the pen name of, a Japanese author, poet, playwright, actor, and film director.

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Yuta Tabuse

is a Japanese professional basketball player.

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Zen

Zen (Middle Chinese) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as Chán. It was strongly influenced by Taoism, and developed as a distinguished Chinese style of Buddhism. From China, Chán spread south to Vietnam, northeast to Korea and east to Japan, where it became known as Japanese Zen. Zen emphasizes rigorous meditation-practice, insight into Buddha-nature, and the personal expression of this insight in daily life, especially for the benefit of others. As such, it deemphasizes mere knowledge of sutras and doctrine and favors direct understanding through zazen and interaction with an accomplished teacher. The teachings of Zen include various sources of Mahāyāna thought, especially Yogācāra, the Tathāgatagarbha Sutras and Huayan, with their emphasis on Buddha-nature, totality, and the Bodhisattva-ideal. The Prajñāpāramitā literature and, to a lesser extent, Madhyamaka have also been influential in the shaping of the "paradoxical language" of the Zen-tradition.

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.jp

.jp is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Japan.

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1923 Great Kantō earthquake

The struck the Kantō Plain on the Japanese main island of Honshū at 11:58:44 a.m. JST (2:58:44 UTC) on Saturday, September 1, 1923.

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1964 Summer Olympics

The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the, was an international multi-sport event held in Tokyo, Japan, from October 10 to 24, 1964.

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1972 Winter Olympics

The 1972 Winter Olympics, officially known as the (French: Les XIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), were a winter multi-sport event which was held from February 3 to February 13, 1972 in Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan.

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1973 oil crisis

The 1973 oil crisis began in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC, consisting of the Arab members of the OPEC plus Egypt and Syria) proclaimed an oil embargo.

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1998 Winter Olympics

The 1998 Winter Olympics, officially the, was a winter multi-sport event celebrated from 7-22 February 1998 in Nagano, Japan.

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2002 FIFA World Cup

The 2002 FIFA World Cup was the 17th staging of the FIFA World Cup which took place from 31 May to 30 June 2002 in South Korea and Japan.

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2011 FIFA Women's World Cup

The 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup was the sixth FIFA Women's World Cup competition, the world championship for women's national association football teams.

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2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami

The was a magnitude 9.0 (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011, with the epicentre approximately east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately.

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2020 Summer Olympics

The 2020 Summer Olympics, officially known as the and commonly known as Tokyo 2020, is a major international multi-sport event due to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games as governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

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20th-century classical music

20th-century classical music was without a dominant style and highly diverse.

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Redirects here:

Etymology of Japan, ISO 3166-1:JP, JAPAN, JPN, Ja-pan, JapaN, Japan (country), Japanese financial sector, Japang, Japao, Japian, Japoa, Jpan, Modern–era Japan, Nihon, Nihon-koku, Nippon, Nippon-koku, Republic of Japan, Riben, Rìběn, State of Japan, The State of Japan, 日本, 日本国, 日本國, 🗾.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan

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