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Rail transport

Index Rail transport

Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks. [1]

395 relations: Aberdeen, Adhesion railway, Adolf Klose, Advertising, Air pump, Air traffic control, Airlift, Airport, Airport rail link, Alternating current, American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association, Amtrak, Ancient Greece, Architectural History (journal), Articulated vehicle, Association of American Railroads, Autorack, Aviation, Axle, Balloon loop, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Baltimore Belt Line, Basic Rail Transportation Infrastructure Index, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Beijing, Belgium, Benjamin Outram, Berlin, Berlin-Lichterfelde West station, Bessemer process, Blackett of Wylam, Bloomsbury, Bogie, Boxcar, Brighton, British Rail, Broad-gauge railway, Broseley, Brown Line (CTA), Brown, Boveri & Cie, Buckling, Bulk cargo, Bulk material handling, Butterley Company, Caldbeck, Canadian National Railway, Canal, Cant (road/rail), Capital (economics), Capital intensity, ..., Carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere, Cargo, Cast iron, Catch Me Who Can, Central station, Charles Eugene Lancelot Brown, Charnwood Forest Canal, Chicago "L", Chicago Transit Authority, City and South London Railway, City centre, City of London, CNN, Coal, Coal mining, Coalbrookdale, Coke (fuel), Commutator (electric), Commuter rail, Commuting, Condenser (heat transfer), Conductor (rail), Connecting rod, Containerization, Corinth, Cornwall, Covered goods wagon, Crankpin, Crankshaft, Cumbria, Cut (earthmoving), De re metallica, Dead end (street), Defect detector, Derailment, Development economics, Diesel engine, Diesel fuel, Diesel locomotive, Diesel–electric transmission, Dining car, Diolkos, Direct current, Direct drive mechanism, Drag (physics), Driving wheel, Economies of scale, Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway, Egypt (Roman province), Electric battery, Electric locomotive, Electric motor, Electric power, Electro-diesel locomotive, Energy efficiency in transport, Environmental design in rail transportation, Exothermic welding, Externality, Federal Railroad Administration, Fire-tube boiler, Firebox (steam engine), Fiscal year, Fishtailing, Flange, Flywheel, Footbridge, Fortress Hohensalzburg, Frank J. 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Aberdeen (Aiberdeen,; Obar Dheathain; Aberdonia) is Scotland's third most populous city, one of Scotland's 32 local government council areas and the United Kingdom's 37th most populous built-up area, with an official population estimate of 196,670 for the city of Aberdeen and for the local authority area.

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Adhesion railway

An adhesion railway relies on adhesion traction to move the train.

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Adolf Klose

Adolf Klose (1844–1923) was the chief engineer of the Royal Württemberg State Railways in southern Germany from June 1885 to 1896.

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Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.

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Air pump

An air pump is a device for pushing air.

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Air traffic control

Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based air traffic controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and through controlled airspace, and can provide advisory services to aircraft in non-controlled airspace.

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An airlift is the organized delivery of supplies or personnel primarily via military transport aircraft.

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An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport.

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Airport rail link

An airport rail link is a service providing passenger rail transport from an airport to a nearby city by mainline or commuter trains, rapid transit, people mover, or light rail.

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Alternating current

Alternating current (AC) is an electric current which periodically reverses direction, in contrast to direct current (DC) which flows only in one direction.

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American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association

The American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association (AREMA) is a North American railway industry group.

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The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to three Canadian cities.

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).

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Architectural History (journal)

Architectural History is the main journal of the Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain (SAHGB).

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Articulated vehicle

An articulated vehicle is a vehicle which has a permanent or semi-permanent pivot joint in its construction, allowing the vehicle to turn more sharply.

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Association of American Railroads

The Association of American Railroads (AAR) is an industry trade group representing primarily the major freight railroads of North America (Canada, Mexico and the United States).

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An autorack, also known as an auto carrier (also car transporter outside the US), is a specialized piece of railroad rolling stock used to transport automobiles and light trucks.

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Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.

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An axle is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear.

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Balloon loop

A balloon loop, turning loop or reversing loop (North American) allows a rail vehicle or train to reverse direction without having to shunt or even stop.

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Baltimore and Ohio Railroad

The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was the first common carrier railroad and the oldest railroad in the United States, with its first section opening in 1830.

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Baltimore Belt Line

The Baltimore Belt Line was constructed by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) in the early 1890s to connect the railroad's newly constructed line to Philadelphia and New York City/Jersey City with the rest of the railroad at Baltimore, Maryland.

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Basic Rail Transportation Infrastructure Index

The Basic Rail Transportation Infrastructure Index (BRTI Index) is a synthetic measure combining rail transportation metrics (existence of modern rail networks and average speed of main inter-urban itineraries) and cost efficiency observations, used as an indicator a country’s relative development in modern land transportation.

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Bay Area Rapid Transit

Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), is a rapid transit public transportation system serving the San Francisco Bay Area in California.

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Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.

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Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Benjamin Outram

Benjamin Outram (1 April 1764 – 22 May 1805) was an English civil engineer, surveyor and industrialist.

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Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.

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Berlin-Lichterfelde West station

Berlin-Lichterfelde West (in German Bahnhof Berlin-Lichterfelde West) is a railway station in the district of Lichterfelde within the city of Berlin, Germany.

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Bessemer process

The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass production of steel from molten pig iron before the development of the open hearth furnace.

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Blackett of Wylam

The Blacketts of Wylam were a branch of the Blackett family of Hoppyland, County Durham, England and were related to the Blackett baronets.

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Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, between Euston Road and Holborn.

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A bogie (in some senses called a truck in North American English) is a chassis or framework carrying wheelsets, attached to a vehicle, thus serving as a modular subassembly of wheels and axles.

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A boxcar is a North American railroad car that is enclosed and generally used to carry freight.

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Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England which is part of the city of Brighton and Hove, East Sussex, 47 miles (75 km) south of London.

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British Rail

British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the state-owned company that operated most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997.

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Broad-gauge railway

A broad-gauge railway is a railway with a track gauge broader than the standard-gauge railways.

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Broseley is a small town in Shropshire, England, with a population of 4,912 (2001 census), increasing to 4,929 at the 2011 Census.

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Brown Line (CTA)

The Brown Line (or the Ravenswood Line) of the Chicago "L" system, is an route with 27 stations between Chicago's Albany Park neighborhood and downtown Chicago.

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Brown, Boveri & Cie

Brown, Boveri (BBC) was a Swiss group of electrical engineering companies.

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In science, buckling is a mathematical instability that leads to a failure mode.

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Bulk cargo

Bulk cargo is commodity cargo that is transported unpackaged in large quantities.

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Bulk material handling

Bulk material handling is an engineering field that is centered on the design of equipment used for the handling of dry materials such as ores, coal, cereals, wood chips, sand, gravel and stone in loose bulk form.

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Butterley Company

The Butterley Company was an English manufacturing firm founded as Benjamin Outram and Company in 1790.

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Caldbeck is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Allerdale, Cumbria, England.

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Canadian National Railway

The Canadian National Railway Company (Compagnie des chemins de fer nationaux du Canada) is a Canadian Class I freight railway headquartered in Montreal, Quebec that serves Canada and the Midwestern and Southern United States.

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Canals, or navigations, are human-made channels, or artificial waterways, for water conveyance, or to service water transport vehicles.

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Cant (road/rail)

The cant of a railway track or camber of a road (also referred to as superelevation, cross slope or cross fall) is the rate of change in elevation (height) between the two rails or edges.

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Capital (economics)

In economics, capital consists of an asset that can enhance one's power to perform economically useful work.

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Capital intensity

Capital intensity is the amount of fixed or real capital present in relation to other factors of production, especially labor.

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Carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere

Carbon dioxide is an important trace gas in Earth's atmosphere.

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In economics, cargo or freight are goods or produce being conveyed – generally for commercial gain – by water, air or land.

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Cast iron

Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.

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Catch Me Who Can

Catch Me Who Can was the fourth and last steam railway locomotive created by the inventor and mining engineer Richard Trevithick.

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Central station

Central stations or central railway stations emerged in the second half of the nineteenth century as railway stations that had initially been built on the edge of city centres were enveloped by urban expansion and became an integral part of the city centres themselves.

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Charles Eugene Lancelot Brown

200px Charles Eugene Lancelot Brown (17 June 1863 – 2 May 1924) founded Brown, Boveri & Cie (BBC) — later ASEA Brown Boveri (ABB) — with Walter Boveri.

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Charnwood Forest Canal

The Charnwood Forest Canal, sometimes known as the "Forest Line of the Leicester Navigation", was opened between Thringstone and Nanpantan, with a further connection to Barrow Hill, near Worthington, in 1794 It marks the beginning of a period of history that saw the introduction of railways to supplement canals and, in the end, superseding them, leading eventually to the Midland Counties Railway.

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Chicago "L"

The Chicago "L" (short for "elevated") is the rapid transit system serving the city of Chicago and some of its surrounding suburbs in the U.S. state of Illinois.

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Chicago Transit Authority

The Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) is the operator of mass transit in Chicago, Illinois and some of its surrounding suburbs, including the trains of the Chicago "L" and CTA bus service.

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City and South London Railway

The City and South London Railway (C&SLR) was the first deep-level underground "tube" railway in the world, and the first major railway to use electric traction.

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City centre

A city centre is the commercial, cultural and often the historical, political and geographic heart of a city, especially those in the Western world.

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City of London

The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.

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Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.

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Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.

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Coal mining

Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground.

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Coalbrookdale is a village in the Ironbridge Gorge in Shropshire, England, containing a settlement of great significance in the history of iron ore smelting.

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Coke (fuel)

Coke is a fuel with a high carbon content and few impurities, usually made from coal.

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Commutator (electric)

A commutator is a rotary electrical switch in certain types of electric motors and electrical generators that periodically reverses the current direction between the rotor and the external circuit.

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Commuter rail

Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis.

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Commuting is periodically recurring travel between one's place of residence and place of work, or study, and in doing so exceed the boundary of their residential community.

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Condenser (heat transfer)

In systems involving heat transfer, a condenser is a device or unit used to condense a substance from its gaseous to its liquid state, by cooling it.

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Conductor (rail)

A conductor (American and Canadian English) or guard (Commonwealth English) is a train crew member responsible for operational and safety duties that do not involve actual operation of the train.

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Connecting rod

A connecting rod is a shaft which connects a piston to a crank or crankshaft in a reciprocating engine.

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Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers).

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Corinth (Κόρινθος, Kórinthos) is an ancient city and former municipality in Corinthia, Peloponnese, which is located in south-central Greece.

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Cornwall (Kernow) is a county in South West England in the United Kingdom.

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Covered goods wagon

A covered goods wagon or van is a railway goods wagon which is designed for the transportation of moisture-susceptible goods and therefore fully enclosed by sides and a fixed roof.

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A crankpin or crank journal is a journal in an engine or mechanical device.

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A crankshaft—related to crank—is a mechanical part able to perform a conversion between reciprocating motion and rotational motion.

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Cumbria is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in North West England.

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Cut (earthmoving)

In civil engineering, a cut or cutting is where soil or rock material from a relative rise (elevated landscape) to an earlier section of the route is cut out to make way for a further section of the route, whether canal, road or railway line.

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De re metallica

De re metallica (Latin for On the Nature of Metals) is a book cataloguing the state of the art of mining, refining, and smelting metals, published a year posthumously in 1556 due to a delay in preparing woodcuts for the text.

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Dead end (street)

A dead end is a street with only one inlet/outlet.

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Defect detector

A defect detector is a device used on railroads to detect axle and signal problems in passing trains.

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A derailment occurs when a vehicle such as a train runs off its rails.

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Development economics

Development economics is a branch of economics which deals with economic aspects of the development process in low income countries.

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Diesel engine

The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).

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Diesel fuel

Diesel fuel in general is any liquid fuel used in diesel engines, whose fuel ignition takes place, without any spark, as a result of compression of the inlet air mixture and then injection of fuel.

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Diesel locomotive

A diesel locomotive is a type of railway locomotive in which the prime mover is a diesel engine.

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Diesel–electric transmission

A diesel–electric transmission, or diesel–electric powertrain, is used by a number of vehicle and ship types for providing locomotion.

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Dining car

A dining car (American English) or a restaurant car (British English), also a diner, is a railroad passenger car that serves meals in the manner of a full-service, sit-down restaurant.

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The Diolkos (Δίολκος, from the Greek διά, dia "across" and ὁλκός, holkos "portage machine") was a paved trackway near Corinth in Ancient Greece which enabled boats to be moved overland across the Isthmus of Corinth.

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Direct current

Direct current (DC) is the unidirectional flow of electric charge.

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Direct drive mechanism

A direct drive mechanism is one that takes the power coming from a motor without any reductions (such as a gearbox).

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Drag (physics)

In fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called air resistance, a type of friction, or fluid resistance, another type of friction or fluid friction) is a force acting opposite to the relative motion of any object moving with respect to a surrounding fluid.

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Driving wheel

On a steam locomotive, a driving wheel is a powered wheel which is driven by the locomotive's pistons (or turbine, in the case of a steam turbine locomotive).

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Economies of scale

In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation (typically measured by amount of output produced), with cost per unit of output decreasing with increasing scale.

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Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway

The Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway was authorised by Act of Parliament on 4 July 1838.

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Egypt (Roman province)

The Roman province of Egypt (Aigyptos) was established in 30 BC after Octavian (the future emperor Augustus) defeated his rival Mark Antony, deposed Queen Cleopatra VII, and annexed the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt to the Roman Empire.

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Electric battery

An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars.

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Electric locomotive

An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electricity from overhead lines, a third rail or on-board energy storage such as a battery or a supercapacitor.

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Electric motor

An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.

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Electric power

Electric power is the rate, per unit time, at which electrical energy is transferred by an electric circuit.

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Electro-diesel locomotive

An electro-diesel locomotive (also referred to as a dual-mode or bi-mode locomotive) is powered either from an electricity supply (like an electric locomotive) or by using the onboard diesel engine (like a diesel-electric locomotive).

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Energy efficiency in transport

The energy efficiency in transport is the useful travelled distance, of passengers, goods or any type of load; divided by the total energy put into the transport propulsion means.

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Environmental design in rail transportation

Environmental design is an emerging topic in railroad technology.

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Exothermic welding

Exothermic welding, also known as exothermic bonding, thermite welding (TW), and thermit welding, is a welding process that employs molten metal to permanently join the conductors.

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In economics, an externality is the cost or benefit that affects a party who did not choose to incur that cost or benefit.

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Federal Railroad Administration

The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) is an agency in the United States Department of Transportation (DOT).

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Fire-tube boiler

A fire-tube boiler is a type of boiler in which hot gases pass from a fire through one or (many) more tubes running through a sealed container of water.

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Firebox (steam engine)

In a steam engine, the firebox is the area where the fuel is burned, producing heat to boil the water in the boiler.

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Fiscal year

A fiscal year (or financial year, or sometimes budget year) is the period used by governments for accounting and budget purposes, which vary between countries.

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Fishtailing is a vehicle handling problem which occurs when the rear wheels lose traction, resulting in oversteer.

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A flange is an external or internal ridge, or rim (lip), for strength, as the flange of an iron beam such as an I-beam or a T-beam; or for attachment to another object, as the flange on the end of a pipe, steam cylinder, etc., or on the lens mount of a camera; or for a flange of a rail car or tram wheel.

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A flywheel is a mechanical device specifically designed to efficiently store rotational energy.

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A footbridge (also called a pedestrian bridge, pedestrian overpass, or pedestrian overcrossing) is a bridge designed for pedestrians and in some cases cyclists, animal traffic, and horse riders, instead of vehicular traffic.

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Fortress Hohensalzburg

Fortress Hohensalzburg (Festung Hohensalzburg, literally "High Salzburg Fortress") sits atop the Festungsberg, a small hill in the Austrian city of Salzburg.

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Frank J. Sprague

Frank Julian Sprague (July 25, 1857 in Milford, Connecticut – October 25, 1934) was an American naval officer and inventor who contributed to the development of the electric motor, electric railways, and electric elevators.

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Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.

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Freiburg Minster

Freiburg Minster (Freiburger Münster or Münster Unserer Lieben Frau) is the cathedral of Freiburg im Breisgau, southwest Germany.

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Freight transport

Freight transport is the physical process of transporting commodities and merchandise goods and cargo.

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Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other.

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Fuel efficiency

Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the ratio from effort to result of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier (fuel) into kinetic energy or work.

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A funicular is one of the modes of transport, along with a cable railway and an inclined elevator, which uses a cable traction for movement on a steep slope.

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Galvanic cell

A galvanic cell, or voltaic cell, named after Luigi Galvani, or Alessandro Volta respectively, is an electrochemical cell that derives electrical energy from spontaneous redox reactions taking place within the cell.

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Gas turbine

A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.

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GE 44-ton switcher

The GE 44-ton switcher is a 4-axle diesel-electric locomotive built by General Electric between 1940 and 1956.

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A gear or cogwheel is a rotating machine part having cut like teeth, or cogs, which mesh with another toothed part to transmit torque.

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General Electric

General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

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George Stephenson

George Stephenson (9 June 1781 – 12 August 1848) was a British civil engineer and mechanical engineer.

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Georges Raepsaet

Georges Raepsaet (born 3 August 1947) is a Belgian classical archaeologist and historian of antiquity.

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Georgius Agricola

Georgius Agricola (24 March 1494 – 21 November 1555) was a German mineralogist and metallurgist.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Global warming

Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.

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Gondola (rail)

In US railroad terminology, a gondola is an open-topped rail vehicle used for transporting loose bulk materials.

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Goods station

A goods station (also known as a goods yard or goods depot) or freight station is, in the widest sense, a railway station where, either exclusively or predominantly, goods (or freight), such as merchandise, parcels, and manufactured items, are loaded onto or unloaded off of ships or road vehicles and/or where goods wagons are transferred to local sidings.

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Goods wagon

Goods wagons or freight wagons (North America: goods cars or freight cars) are unpowered railway vehicles that are used for the transportation of cargo.

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Grade separation

Grade separation is the name given to a method of aligning a junction of two or more surface transport axes at different heights (grades) so that they will not disrupt the traffic flow on other transit routes when they cross each other.

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No description.

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Green Line (CTA)

The Green Line is a rapid transit line on the Chicago Transit Authority's "L" system.

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Greenfield land

Greenfield land is undeveloped land in a city or rural area either used for agriculture or landscape design, or left to evolve naturally.

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Greenhouse gas

A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.

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Gross-Lichterfelde Tramway

The Gross Lichterfelde Tramway was the world's first electric tramway.

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Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.

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Heilmann locomotive

The Heilmann locomotives were a series of three experimental steam-electric locomotives produced in the 1890s for the French Chemins de Fer de l'Ouest (CF de l'Ouest).

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Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.

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Henry Cort

Henry Cort (c. 1740 – 23 May 1800) was an English ironmaster.

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Heritage railway

A heritage railway is a railway operated as living history to re-create or preserve railway scenes of the past.

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Hermann Lemp

Hermann Lemp born: Heinrich Joseph Hermann Lemp (August 8, 1862 – March 31, 1954) was a Swiss-American electrical engineer; he is credited as the inventor of the modern system of diesel electric traction co-ordination and control.

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High-speed rail

High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.

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Higher-speed rail

Higher-speed rail (HrSR), also known as high-performance rail, higher-performance rail, or almost-high-speed rail, is a jargon used to describe inter-city passenger rail services that have top speeds of more than conventional rail but are not high enough to be called high-speed rail services.

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A highway is any public or private road or other public way on land.

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History of transport

The history of transport is largely one of technological innovation.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.

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Hopper car

A hopper car (US) or hopper wagon (UIC) is a type of railroad freight car used to transport loose bulk commodities such as coal, ore, grain, and track ballast.

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A horsecar, or horse-drawn tram, is an animal-powered (usually horse) tram or streetcar.

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Hot blast

Hot blast refers to the preheating of air blown into a blast furnace or other metallurgical process.

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A house is a building that functions as a home.

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Huntingdon Beaumont

Huntingdon Beaumont (c.1560–1624) was an English coal mining entrepreneur who built two of the earliest wagonways in England for trans-shipment of coal.

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Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.

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Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

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Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.

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Infrastructure is the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.

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Inner suburb

Inner suburb is a term used for a variety of suburban communities that are generally located very close to the centre of a large city (the inner city and central business district).

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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.

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Institution of Engineering and Technology

The Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) is a multidisciplinary professional engineering institution.

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Inter-city rail

Inter-city rail services are express passenger train services that cover longer distances than commuter or regional trains.

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International Union of Railways

The UIC (Union Internationale des Chemins de fer) or International Union of Railways is an international rail transport industry body.

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Intersection (road)

An intersection is an at-grade junction where two or more roads meet or cross.

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Isthmus of Corinth

The Isthmus of Corinth is the narrow land bridge which connects the Peloponnese peninsula with the rest of the mainland of Greece, near the city of Corinth.

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James Beaumont Neilson

James Beaumont Neilson (22 June 1792 – 18 January 1865) was a Scottish inventor whose hot-blast process greatly increased the efficiency of smelting iron.

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James Watt

James Watt (30 January 1736 (19 January 1736 OS) – 25 August 1819) was a Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist who improved on Thomas Newcomen's 1712 Newcomen steam engine with his Watt steam engine in 1781, which was fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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John Birkinshaw

John Birkinshaw was a 19th-century railway engineer from Bedlington, Northumberland noted for his invention of wrought iron rails in 1820.

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John Curr

John Curr (c. 1756 – 27 January 1823) was the manager or viewer of the Duke of Norfolk's collieries in Sheffield, England from 1781 to 1801.

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Kálmán Kandó

Kálmán Kandó de Egerfarmos et Sztregova (egerfarmosi és sztregovai Kandó Kálmán; July 10, 1869 – January 13, 1931) was a Hungarian engineer, and a pioneer in the development of electric railway traction.

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Killingworth, formerly Killingworth Township, is a town north of Newcastle Upon Tyne, in North Tyneside, England.

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Killingworth locomotives

George Stephenson built a number of experimental steam locomotives to work in the Killingworth Colliery between 1814 and 1826.

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is the sixth-largest city in Japan and the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture.

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Lake Lock Rail Road

The Lake Lock Railway was an early narrow gauge railway built near Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England.

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Lake Street (Chicago)

Lake Street is an east–west street in Chicago and its suburbs.

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Land speed record for rail vehicles

Determination of the fastest rail vehicle in the world varies depending on the definition of "rail".

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Lauffen am Neckar

(Lauffen) is a town in the district of Heilbronn, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

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Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.

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Leicestershire (abbreviation Leics.) is a landlocked county in the English Midlands.

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Level crossing

A level crossing is an intersection where a railway line crosses a road or path at the same level, as opposed to the railway line crossing over or under using a bridge or tunnel.

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Lever frame

Mechanical railway signalling installations rely on lever frames for their operation to interlock the signals and points to allow the safe operation of trains in the area the signals control.

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Lewiston (town), New York

Lewiston is a town in Niagara County, New York United States. The population was 16,262 at the 2010 census. The town and its contained village are named after Morgan Lewis, a governor of New York. The Town of Lewiston is on the western border of the county. The Village of Lewiston is within the town.

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Lichterfelde (Berlin)

is a locality in the borough of Steglitz-Zehlendorf in Berlin, Germany.

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Light rail

Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.

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Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.

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Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.

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List of countries by rail transport network size

This list of countries by rail transport network size based on International Union of Railways data ranks countries by length of rail lines worked at end of year updated with other reliable sources.

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List of countries by rail usage

This is a list of countries by rail usage.

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List of rail transport-related periodicals

This is a list of some periodicals related to rail transport (or rail transportation).

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List of railway companies

This is a list of the world's railway operating companies listed alphabetically by continent and country.

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List of railway industry occupations

This is a list of railway industry occupations, but it also includes transient functional job titles according to activity.

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Lists of named passenger trains

In the history of rail transport, dating back to the 19th century, there have been hundreds of named passenger trains.

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Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.

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Liverpool and Manchester Railway

The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was a railway opened on 15 September 1830 between the Lancashire towns of Liverpool and Manchester in England.

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Loading gauge

A loading gauge defines the maximum height and width for railway vehicles and their loads to ensure safe passage through bridges, tunnels and other structures.

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Locomotion No. 1

Locomotion No.

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A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.

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Logistics is generally the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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London Underground

The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.

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Loughborough is a town in the Charnwood borough of Leicestershire, England, seat of Charnwood Borough Council, and home to Loughborough University.

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Maglev (derived from magnetic levitation) is a system of train transportation that uses two sets of magnets, one set to repel and push the train up off the track as in levitation (hence Maglev, Magnetic-levitation), then another set to move the 'floating train' ahead at great speed taking advantage of the lack of friction.

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Maschinenfabrik Oerlikon

Maschinenfabrik Oerlikon was a Swiss engineering company based in the Zürich district of Oerlikon known for the early development of electric locomotives.

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Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg

Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg (1469 – 30 March 1540) was a statesman of the Holy Roman Empire, a Cardinal and Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg from 1519 to his death.

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Matthew Murray

Matthew Murray (1765 – 20 February 1826) was an English steam engine and machine tool manufacturer, who designed and built the first commercially viable steam locomotive, the twin cylinder Salamanca in 1812.

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Mödling and Hinterbrühl Tram

Mödling and Hinterbrühl Tram or Mödling and Hinterbrühl Local Railway (German: Lokalbahn Mödling–Hinterbrühl) was an electric tramway in Austria, running 4.5 km (2.8 mi) from Mödling to Hinterbrühl, in the southwest of Vienna.

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A megaproject is an extremely large-scale investment project.

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Merthyr Tydfil

Merthyr Tydfil (Merthyr Tudful) is a large town in Wales, with a population of about 63,546, situated approximately north of Cardiff.

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Metropolitan Railway

The Metropolitan Railway (also known as the Met) was a passenger and goods railway that served London from 1863 to 1933, its main line heading north-west from the capital's financial heart in the City to what were to become the Middlesex suburbs.

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Middleton Railway

The Middleton Railway is the world's oldest continuously working public railway, situated in the English city of Leeds.

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Mine railway

A mine railway (or mine railroad, U.S.), sometimes pit railway, is a railway constructed to carry materials and workers in and out of a mine.

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Minimum railway curve radius

The minimum railway curve radius is the shortest allowable design radius for the centre line of railway tracks under a particular set of conditions.

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Mixed-use development

Mixed-use development is a type of urban development that blends residential, commercial, cultural, institutional, or entertainment uses, where those functions are physically and functionally integrated, and that provides pedestrian connections.

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Mobilization, in military terminology, is the act of assembling and readying troops and supplies for war.

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A monorail is a railway in which the track consists of a single rail.

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Mumbles (Mwmbwls.) is a headland sited on the western edge of Swansea Bay on the southern coast of Wales.

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Nanpantan is a small village in the Charnwood borough of Leicestershire, England.

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Narrow-gauge railway

A narrow-gauge railway (narrow-gauge railroad in the US) is a railway with a track gauge narrower than the standard.

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Nature reserve

A nature reserve (also called a natural reserve, bioreserve, (natural/nature) preserve, or (national/nature) conserve) is a protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Network Rail

Network Rail is the owner (via its subsidiary Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd, which was known as Railtrack plc before 2002) and infrastructure manager of most of the rail network in England, Scotland and Wales.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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Newton (unit)

The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force.

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Northeast Corridor

The Northeast Corridor (NEC) is an electrified railroad line in the Northeast megalopolis of the United States.

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Northern line

The Northern line is a London Underground line that runs from south-west to north-west London, with two branches through central London and three in the north.

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Nottingham is a city and unitary authority area in Nottinghamshire, England, north of London, in the East Midlands.

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Open hearth furnace

Open hearth furnaces are one of a number of kinds of furnace where excess carbon and other impurities are burnt out of pig iron to produce steel.

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Opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway

The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&M) opened on 15 September 1830.

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Orange Line (CTA)

The Orange Line is a rapid transit line in Chicago, Illinois run by the Chicago Transit Authority as part of the "L" system.

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() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.

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Outline of rail transport

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to rail transport: Rail transport – means of conveyance of passengers and goods by way of wheeled vehicles running on rail tracks consisting of steel rails installed on sleepers/ties and ballast.

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Overhead line

An overhead line or overhead wire is used to transmit electrical energy to trams, trolleybuses or trains.

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Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Passenger rail terminology

Various terms are used for passenger rail lines and equipment-the usage of these terms differs substantially between areas.

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PATH (rail system)

Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) is a rapid transit system serving Newark, Harrison, Hoboken, and Jersey City in metropolitan northern New Jersey, as well as lower and midtown Manhattan in New York City.

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Peak demand

Peak demand is an historically high point in the sales record of a particular product.

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Penydarren (Penydarren) is a community in Merthyr Tydfil County Borough in Wales.

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People mover

A people mover or automated people mover (APM) is a type of small scale automated guideway transit system.

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In elementary geometry, the property of being perpendicular (perpendicularity) is the relationship between two lines which meet at a right angle (90 degrees).

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Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.

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Pink Line (CTA)

The Pink Line is an rapid transit line in Chicago, run by the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) as part of the Chicago "L" system.

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A piston is a component of reciprocating engines, reciprocating pumps, gas compressors and pneumatic cylinders, among other similar mechanisms.

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A plateway is an early kind of railway or tramway or wagonway, with a cast-iron rail.

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Pneumatics (From Greek: πνεύμα) is a branch of engineering that makes use of gas or pressurized air.

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Port of Hull

The Port of Hull is a port at the confluence of the River Hull and the Humber Estuary in Kingston upon Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England.

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Pound (mass)

The pound or pound-mass is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement.

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Prescot is a town and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside, England.

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Priestman Brothers

Priestman Brothers was an engineering company based in Kingston upon Hull, England that manufactured diggers, dredgers, cranes and other industrial machinery.

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Prime mover (locomotive)

In engineering, a prime mover is an engine that converts fuel to useful work.

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Privatisation of British Rail

The Privatisation of British Rail was the process by which ownership and operation of the railways of Great Britain passed from government control into private hands.

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A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.

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Public service obligation

In the context of European Union law, a public service obligation or PSO means an obligation imposed on an organisation by legislation or contract to provide a service of general interest within the European Union territories.

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Public transport

Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

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Puddling (metallurgy)

Puddling was one step in one of the most important processes of making the first appreciable volumes of high-grade bar iron (malleable wrought iron) during the Industrial Revolution.

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Puffing Billy (locomotive)

Puffing Billy is the world's oldest surviving steam locomotive,.

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Purple Line (CTA)

The Purple Line (or the Evanston Line) of the Chicago Transit Authority is a route on the northernmost section of the Chicago "L" rapid transit system.

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Push–pull train

Push–pull is a configuration for locomotive-hauled trains, allowing them to be driven from either end of the train, whether having a locomotive at each end or not.

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Qinghai–Tibet railway

The Qinghai–Tibet railway or Qingzang railway (མཚོ་བོད་ལྕགས་ལམ།, mtsho bod lcags lam), is a high-elevation railway that connects Xining, Qinghai Province, to Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region of China.

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Quadratic function

In algebra, a quadratic function, a quadratic polynomial, a polynomial of degree 2, or simply a quadratic, is a polynomial function in one or more variables in which the highest-degree term is of the second degree.

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Rack railway

A rack railway (also rack-and-pinion railway, cog railway, or cogwheel railway) is a steep grade railway with a toothed rack rail, usually between the running rails.

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Rail pass

A Rail pass is a pass that covers the cost of train travel in a certain designated area or areas within a certain period of time.

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Rail subsidies

Many countries offer subsidies to their railways because of the social and economic benefits that it brings.

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Rail transport by country

This page provides an index of articles on rail transport by country.

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Rail transport in Great Britain

The railway system in Great Britain is the oldest in the world.

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Rail transport in Walt Disney Parks and Resorts

Rail transport can be found in every theme park resort property owned or licensed by Walt Disney Parks, Experiences and Consumer Products, one of the four business segments of the Walt Disney Company.

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Rail transport operations

A railway has two major components: the rolling stock (the locomotives, passenger coaches, freight cars, etc.) and the infrastructure (the permanent way, tracks, stations, freight facilities, viaducts, tunnels, etc.).

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A railcar, in British English and Australian English, is a self-propelled railway vehicle designed to transport passengers.

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Railroad car

A railroad car or railcar (American and Canadian English), railway wagon or railway carriage (British English and UIC), also called a train car or train wagon, is a vehicle used for the carrying of cargo or passengers on a rail transport system (a railroad/railway).

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Railroad engineer

An engineer (American and Canadian), engine driver, train driver, loco pilot, motorman, train operator (British and Commonwealth English), is a person who operates a train.

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Railroad switch

A railroad switch, turnout, or points is a mechanical installation enabling railway trains to be guided from one track to another, such as at a railway junction or where a spur or siding branches off.

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Railroad tie

A railroad tie/railway tie/crosstie (North America) or railway sleeper (Britain, Ireland, South Asia, Australasia, and Africa) is a rectangular support for the rails in railroad tracks.

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Railway company

A railway company or railroad company is an entity that operates a railroad track or trains.

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Railway electrification in Great Britain

Railway electrification in Great Britain began during the late 19th century.

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Railway electrification system

A railway electrification system supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply.

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Railway engineering

Railway engineering is a multi-faceted engineering discipline dealing with the design, construction and operation of all types of rail transport systems.

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Railway platform

A railway platform is an area – normally paved or otherwise prepared for pedestrian use, and often raised to a greater or lesser degree – provided alongside one or more of the tracks at a railway or metro station for use by passengers awaiting, boarding, or alighting from trains.

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Railway signalling

Railway signalling is a system used to direct railway traffic and keep trains clear of each other at all times.

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Rainhill Trials

The Rainhill Trials were an important competition in the early days of steam locomotive railways, run in October 1829 for the nearly completed Liverpool and Manchester Railway.

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Rapid transit

Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.

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Reciprocating engine

A reciprocating engine, also often known as a piston engine, is typically a heat engine (although there are also pneumatic and hydraulic reciprocating engines) that uses one or more reciprocating pistons to convert pressure into a rotating motion.

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Refrigerator car

A refrigerator car (or "reefer") is a refrigerated boxcar (U.S.), a piece of railroad rolling stock designed to carry perishable freight at specific temperatures.

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Regenerative brake

Regenerative braking is an energy recovery mechanism which slows a vehicle or object by converting its kinetic energy into a form which can be either used immediately or stored until needed.

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Regional rail

Regional rail, also known as local trains and stopping trains, are passenger rail services that operate between towns and cities.

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The Reisszug (also spelt Reißzug or Reiszug) is a private cable railway providing goods access to the Hohensalzburg Castle at Salzburg in Austria.

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Reluctance motor

A reluctance motor is a type of electric motor that induces non-permanent magnetic poles on the ferromagnetic rotor.

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Richard Trevithick

Richard Trevithick (13 April 1771 – 22 April 1833) was a British inventor and mining engineer from Cornwall, England.

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Richmond Union Passenger Railway

The Richmond Union Passenger Railway, in Richmond, Virginia, was the first practical electric trolley (tram) system, and set the pattern for most subsequent electric trolley systems around the world.

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Right-of-way (transportation)

A right-of-way (ROW) is a right to make a way over a piece of land, usually to and from another piece of land.

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River Severn

The River Severn (Afon Hafren, Sabrina) is a river in the United Kingdom.

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River Thames

The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.

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Road transport

Road transport or road transportation is a type of transport by using roads.

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In railroad terminology a Roadrailer or RoadRailer is a highway trailer, or semi-trailer, that is specially equipped for use in railroad intermodal service.

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Robert Davidson (inventor)

Robert Davidson (1804–1894) was a Scottish inventor who built the first known electric locomotive in 1837.

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Robert Stephenson

Robert Stephenson FRS (16 October 1803 – 12 October 1859) was an early railway and civil engineer.

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Robert Stephenson and Company

Robert Stephenson and Company was a locomotive manufacturing company founded in 1823.

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Rolling (metalworking)

In metalworking, rolling is a metal forming process in which metal stock is passed through one or more pairs of rolls to reduce the thickness and to make the thickness uniform.

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Rolling stock

The term rolling stock in rail transport industry originally referred to any vehicles that move on a railway.

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Rotary phase converter

A rotary phase converter, abbreviated RPC, is an electrical machine that converts power from one polyphase system (including frequency) to another, converting through rotary motion.

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Royal Saxon State Railways

The Royal Saxon State Railways (Königlich Sächsische Staatseisenbahnen) were the state-owned railways operating in the Kingdom of Saxony from 1869 to 1918.

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Royal Scottish Society of Arts

The Royal Scottish Society of Arts is a learned society in Scotland, dedicated to the study of science and technology.

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Rudolf Diesel

Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (18 March 185829 September 1913) was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine, and for his mysterious death.

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Salamanca (locomotive)

Salamanca was the first commercially successful steam locomotive, built in 1812 by Matthew Murray of Holbeck, for the edge railed Middleton Railway between Middleton and Leeds.

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Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.

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Science Museum, London

The Science Museum is a major museum on Exhibition Road in South Kensington, London.

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Season ticket

A season ticket, or season pass, is a ticket that grants privileges over a defined period of time.

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A semi-trailer is a trailer without a front axle.

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Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.

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A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.

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The, colloquially known in English as the bullet train, is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan.

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Shropshire (alternatively Salop; abbreviated, in print only, Shrops; demonym Salopian) is a county in the West Midlands of England, bordering Wales to the west, Cheshire to the north, Staffordshire to the east, and Worcestershire and Herefordshire to the south.

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Signalling control

On a rail transport system, signalling control is the process by which control is exercised over train movements by way of railway signals and block systems to ensure that trains operate safely, over the correct route and to the proper timetable.

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Single-track railway

A single-track railway is a railway where trains traveling in both directions share the same track.

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Sleeping car

The sleeping car or sleeper (often wagon-lit) is a railway passenger car that can accommodate all its passengers in beds of one kind or another, primarily for the purpose of making nighttime travel more restful.

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A smokebox is one of the major basic parts of a steam locomotive exhaust system.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.

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South Wales

South Wales (De Cymru) is the region of Wales bordered by England and the Bristol Channel to the east and south, and Mid Wales and West Wales to the north and west.

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Standard-gauge railway

A standard-gauge railway is a railway with a track gauge of.

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Stationary engine

A stationary engine is an engine whose framework does not move.

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Steam engine

A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.

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Steam locomotive

A steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine.

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Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.

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Stephenson's Rocket

Stephenson's Rocket was an early steam locomotive of 0-2-2 wheel arrangement.

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Stock car (rail)

In railroad terminology, a stock car, cattle car or cattle wagon (British English) is a type of rolling stock used for carrying livestock (not carcasses) to market.

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Stockton and Darlington Railway

The Stockton and Darlington Railway (S&DR) was a railway company that operated in north-east England from 1825 to 1863.

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Stockwell is a district in inner south London, England, located in the London Borough of Lambeth.

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Street network

A street network is a system of interconnecting lines and points (called edges and nodes in network science) that represent a system of streets or roads for a given area.

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Strelley Village

Strelley is the name of a village and civil parish to the west of Nottingham.

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A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.

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Sulzer (manufacturer)

Sulzer Ltd. is a Swiss industrial engineering and manufacturing firm, founded by Salomon Sulzer-Bernet in 1775 and established as Sulzer Brothers Ltd. (Gebrüder Sulzer) in 1834 in Winterthur, Switzerland. Today it is a publicly traded company with international subsidiaries. The company's shares are listed on the Swiss Stock Exchange. Sulzer's core strengths are flow control and applicators. The company specializes in pumping solutions and services for rotating equipment, as well as separation, mixing and application technology. Sulzer Brothers helped develop shuttleless weaving, and their core business was loom manufacture. Rudolf Diesel worked for Sulzer in 1879, and in 1893 Sulzer bought certain rights to diesel engines. Sulzer built their first diesel engine in 1898.

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Supply chain

A supply chain is a system of organizations, people, activities, information, and resources involved in moving a product or service from supplier to customer.

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Surrey Iron Railway

The Surrey Iron Railway (SIR) was a horse-drawn plateway that linked Wandsworth and Croydon via Mitcham, all then in Surrey but now suburbs of south London, in England.

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Swansea (Abertawe), is a coastal city and county, officially known as the City and County of Swansea (Dinas a Sir Abertawe) in Wales, UK.

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Swansea and Mumbles Railway

The Swansea and Mumbles Railway was the world's first passenger railway service, located in Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom.

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A switcher or shunter (Great Britain: shunter; Australia: shunter or yard pilot; United States: switcher, switch engine, or yard goat, except Pennsylvania Railroad: shifter) is a small railroad locomotive intended not for moving trains over long distances but rather for assembling trains ready for a road locomotive to take over, disassembling a train that has been brought in, and generally moving railroad cars around – a process usually known as ''switching'' (USA) or shunting (UK).

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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Tank car

A tank car (International Union of Railways (UIC): tank wagon) is a type of railroad car (UIC: railway car) or rolling stock designed to transport liquid and gaseous commodities.

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A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.

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Tōkaidō Shinkansen

The is a Japanese high-speed Shinkansen line, opened in 1964 between Tokyo and Shin-Ōsaka.

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The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, "high-speed train") is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by the SNCF, the state-owned national rail operator.

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The Loop (CTA)

The Loop (historically Union Loop, or commonly Loop) is the long circuit of elevated rail that forms the hub of the Chicago "L" system in Chicago, Illinois.

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Third rail

A third rail is a method of providing electric power to a railway locomotive or train, through a semi-continuous rigid conductor placed alongside or between the rails of a railway track.

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Thomas Edison

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.

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Thomas Newcomen

Thomas Newcomen (February 1664 – 5 August 1729) was an English inventor who created the first practical steam engine in 1712, the Newcomen atmospheric engine.

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Three-phase electric power

Three-phase electric power is a common method of alternating current electric power generation, transmission, and distribution.

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, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.

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Track (rail transport)

The track on a railway or railroad, also known as the permanent way, is the structure consisting of the rails, fasteners, railroad ties (sleepers, British English) and ballast (or slab track), plus the underlying subgrade.

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Track ballast

Track ballast forms the trackbed upon which railroad ties (sleepers) are laid.

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Track gauge

In rail transport, track gauge is the spacing of the rails on a railway track and is measured between the inner faces of the load-bearing rails.

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Track geometry

Track geometry is three-dimensional geometry of track layouts and associated measurements used in design, construction and maintenance of railroad tracks.

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Track geometry car

A track geometry car (also known as a track recording car) is an automated track inspection vehicle on a rail transport system used to test several geometric parameters of the track without obstructing normal railroad operations.

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Tractive force

As used in mechanical engineering, the term tractive force can either refer to the total traction a vehicle exerts on a surface, or the amount of the total traction that is parallel to the direction of motion.

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A train is a form of transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.

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Train station

A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility or area where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.

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Train ticket

A train ticket is a ticket issued by a railway operator that enables the bearer to travel on the operator's network or a partner's network.

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Train whistle

A train whistle or air whistle (originally referred to as a steam trumpet) is an audible signaling device on a steam locomotive, used to warn that the train is approaching, and to communicate with rail workers.

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A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.

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Trams in Lugano

The Lugano tramway network (Rete tranviaria di Lugano) was part of the public transport network of Lugano, in the canton of Ticino, Switzerland, for over half a century.

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Tramway (industrial)

Tramways (not to be confused with a system of passenger carrying trams) are lightly laid railways, sometimes worked without locomotives.

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A transformer is a static electrical device that transfers electrical energy between two or more circuits through electromagnetic induction.

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Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.

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Transport hub

A transport hub (also transport interchange) is a place where passengers and cargo are exchanged between vehicles or between transport modes.

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A treadwheel, or treadmill, is a form of engine typically powered by humans.

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A tunnel is an underground passageway, dug through the surrounding soil/earth/rock and enclosed except for entrance and exit, commonly at each end.

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Ultrasonic testing

Ultrasonic testing (UT) is a family of non-destructive testing techniques based on the propagation of ultrasonic waves in the object or material tested.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Units of transportation measurement

The units of transportation measurement describes the unit of measurement used to measure the quantity and traffic of transportation used in transportation statistics, planning, and their related fields.

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Urban area

An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

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Valtellina or the Valtelline (occasionally spelled as two words in English: Val Telline; Vuclina, Valtelina); Veltlin, Valtellina, Valtulina, Vuclina, is a valley in the Lombardy region of northern Italy, bordering Switzerland.

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Via Rail

Via Rail Canada (generally shortened to Via Rail or Via; styled corporately as VIA Rail Canada) is an independent Crown corporation, subsidized by Transport Canada, mandated to offer intercity passenger rail services in Canada.

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Volk's Electric Railway

Volk's Electric Railway (VER) is a narrow gauge heritage railway that runs along a length of the seafront of the English seaside resort of Brighton.

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Waggonfabrik Rastatt

Waggonfabrik Rastatt ('Rastatt Coach Factory') was a public limited company (Aktiengesellschaft or AG) based in Rastatt in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany.

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Wagonways (or Waggonways) consisted of the horses, equipment and tracks used for hauling wagons, which preceded steam-powered railways.

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Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.

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Wells Street (Chicago)

Wells Street is a main North–South street in downtown Chicago.

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Werner von Siemens

Ernst Werner Siemens (von Siemens from 1888;; 13 December 1816 – 6 December 1892) was a German inventor and industrialist.

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William Dent Priestman

William Dent Priestman, born in 1847 near Kingston upon Hull was a Quaker and engineering pioneer, inventor of the Priestman Oil Engine, and co-founder with his brother Samuel of the Priestman Brothers engineering company, manufacturers of cranes, winches and excavators.

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William Hedley

William Hedley (13 July 1779 – 9 January 1843) was born in Newburn, near Newcastle upon Tyne.

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William Jessop

William Jessop (23 January 1745 – 18 November 1814) was an English civil engineer, best known for his work on canals, harbours and early railways in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

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William Murdoch

William Murdoch (sometimes spelled Murdock) (21 August 1754 – 15 November 1839) was a Scottish engineer and inventor.

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William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin

William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, (26 June 1824 – 17 December 1907) was a Scots-Irish mathematical physicist and engineer who was born in Belfast in 1824.

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Wollaton is a suburb and former parish in the western part of Nottingham, England.

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Wollaton Wagonway

The Wollaton Wagonway (or Waggonway), built between October 1603 and 1604 in the East Midlands of England by Huntingdon Beaumont in partnership with Sir Percival Willoughby, has sometimes been credited as the world's first overground wagonway and therefore regarded as a significant step in the development of railways.

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Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Wrought iron

puddled iron, a form of wrought iron Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon (less than 0.08%) content in contrast to cast iron (2.1% to 4%).

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Wylam is a small village about west of Newcastle upon Tyne.

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15 kV AC railway electrification

The AC railway electrification system is used in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Sweden and Norway.

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25 kV AC railway electrification

25 kV alternating current electrification is commonly used in railway electrification systems worldwide, especially for high-speed rail.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rail_transport

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