68 relations: Amorphous carbon, Astronomical unit, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Bayer designation, Beta Corvi, Billion years, Boss General Catalogue, Bright Star Catalogue, Calcium–aluminium-rich inclusion, Carbon, Centaur (minor planet), Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg, Chariot (Chinese constellation), Chinese astronomy, Chinese constellations, Circumstellar habitable zone, Comet, Constellation, Corvus (constellation), Debris disk, Dover Publications, Durchmusterung, Effective temperature, Epoch (astronomy), Flamsteed designation, Gliese Catalogue of Nearby Stars, Henry Draper Catalogue, Hipparcos, Infrared excess, International Celestial Reference System, IRAS, Iron, Johns Hopkins University, Kelvin, Kilogram, Kilometre, Kuiper belt, Late Heavy Bombardment, Main sequence, Micro-, Mineral, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Moon, Myr, Olivine, Orbital inclination, Pinyin, Planetary migration, Planetesimal, Poynting–Robertson effect, ..., PPM Star Catalogue, Protoplanetary disk, Pyroxene, Russian Academy of Sciences, Silicon dioxide, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Star Catalog, Solar System, Solid, Spitzer Space Telescope, Star, Star catalogue, Stellar classification, Stellar rotation, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Submillimetre astronomy, Sulfide minerals, The Astrophysical Journal, Thermodynamic equilibrium. Expand index (18 more) » « Shrink index
Amorphous carbon is free, reactive carbon that does not have any crystalline structure (also called diamond-like carbon).
The astronomical unit (symbol: au, ua, or AU) is a unit of length, roughly the distance from Earth to the Sun.
Astronomy & Astrophysics is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering theoretical, observational, and instrumental astronomy and astrophysics.
A Bayer designation is a stellar designation in which a specific star is identified by a Greek letter, followed by the genitive form of its parent constellation's Latin name.
Beta Corvi (β Corvi, abbreviated Beta Crv, β Crv), also named Kraz, is the second-brightest star in the southern constellation of Corvus with an apparent visual magnitude of 2.647.
A billion years (109 years) is a unit of time on the petasecond scale, more precisely equal to seconds.
Boss General Catalogue (GC, sometimes General Catalogue) is an astronomical catalogue containing 33,342 stars.
The Bright Star Catalogue, also known as the Yale Catalogue of Bright Stars or Yale Bright Star Catalogue, is a star catalogue that lists all stars of stellar magnitude 6.5 or brighter, which is roughly every star visible to the naked eye from Earth.
A calcium–aluminium-rich inclusion or Ca–Al-rich inclusion (CAI) is a submillimeter- to centimeter-sized light-colored calcium- and aluminium-rich inclusion found in carbonaceous chondrite meteorites.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Centaurs are small solar system bodies with a semi-major axis between those of the outer planets.
The Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS; English translation: Strasbourg Astronomical Data Center) is a data hub which collects and distributes astronomical information.
The Chariot mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations.
Astronomy in China has a long history, beginning from the Shang Dynasty (Chinese Bronze Age).
Traditional Chinese astronomy has a system of dividing the celestial sphere into asterisms or constellations, known as "officials" (Chinese xīng guān).
In astronomy and astrobiology, the circumstellar habitable zone (CHZ), or simply the habitable zone, is the range of orbits around a star within which a planetary surface can support liquid water given sufficient atmospheric pressure.
A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, warms and begins to release gases, a process called outgassing.
A constellation is a group of stars that are considered to form imaginary outlines or meaningful patterns on the celestial sphere, typically representing animals, mythological people or gods, mythological creatures, or manufactured devices.
Corvus is a small constellation in the Southern Celestial Hemisphere.
A debris disk is a circumstellar disk of dust and debris in orbit around a star.
Dover Publications, also known as Dover Books, is an American book publisher founded in 1941 by Hayward Cirker and his wife, Blanche.
In astronomy, Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung (BD), is the comprehensive astrometric star catalogue of the whole sky, compiled by the Bonn Observatory (Germany) from 1859 to 1903.
The effective temperature of a body such as a star or planet is the temperature of a black body that would emit the same total amount of electromagnetic radiation.
In astronomy, an epoch is a moment in time used as a reference point for some time-varying astronomical quantity, such as the celestial coordinates or elliptical orbital elements of a celestial body, because these are subject to perturbations and vary with time.
A Flamsteed designation is a combination of a number and constellation name that uniquely identifies most naked eye stars in the modern constellations visible from southern England.
The Gliese Catalogue of Nearby Stars is a modern star catalogue of stars located within 25 parsecs (81.54 ly) of the Earth.
The Henry Draper Catalogue (HD) is an astronomical star catalogue published between 1918 and 1924, giving spectroscopic classifications for 225,300 stars; it was later expanded by the Henry Draper Extension (HDE), published between 1925 and 1936, which gave classifications for 46,850 more stars, and by the Henry Draper Extension Charts (HDEC), published from 1937 to 1949 in the form of charts, which gave classifications for 86,933 more stars.
Hipparcos was a scientific satellite of the European Space Agency (ESA), launched in 1989 and operated until 1993.
An infrared excess is a measurement of an astronomical source, typically a star, that in their spectral energy distribution has a greater measured infrared flux than expected by assuming the star is a blackbody radiator.
The International Celestial Reference System (ICRS) is the current standard celestial reference system adopted by the International Astronomical Union (IAU).
The Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) was the first-ever space telescope to perform a survey of the entire night sky at infrared wavelengths.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Johns Hopkins University is an American private research university in Baltimore, Maryland.
The Kelvin scale is an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics.
The kilogram or kilogramme (symbol: kg) is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI), and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK, also known as "Le Grand K" or "Big K"), a cylinder of platinum-iridium alloy stored by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures at Saint-Cloud, France.
The kilometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: km; or) or kilometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousand metres (kilo- being the SI prefix for). It is now the measurement unit used officially for expressing distances between geographical places on land in most of the world; notable exceptions are the United States and the road network of the United Kingdom where the statute mile is the official unit used.
The Kuiper belt, occasionally called the Edgeworth–Kuiper belt, is a circumstellar disc in the outer Solar System, extending from the orbit of Neptune (at 30 AU) to approximately 50 AU from the Sun.
The Late Heavy Bombardment (abbreviated LHB and also known as the lunar cataclysm) is an event thought to have occurred approximately 4.1 to 3.8 billion years (Ga) ago, at a time corresponding to the Neohadean and Eoarchean eras on Earth.
In astronomy, the main sequence is a continuous and distinctive band of stars that appear on plots of stellar color versus brightness.
Micro- (symbol µ) is a unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of 10−6 (one millionth).
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (MNRAS) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research in astronomy and astrophysics.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
The abbreviation myr, "million years", is a unit of a quantity of (i.e.) years, or 31.6 teraseconds.
The mineral olivine is a magnesium iron silicate with the formula (Mg2+, Fe2+)2SiO4.
Orbital inclination measures the tilt of an object's orbit around a celestial body.
Hanyu Pinyin Romanization, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan.
Planetary migration occurs when a planet or other stellar satellite interacts with a disk of gas or planetesimals, resulting in the alteration of the satellite's orbital parameters, especially its semi-major axis.
Planetesimals are solid objects thought to exist in protoplanetary disks and in debris disks.
The Poynting–Robertson effect, also known as Poynting–Robertson drag, named after John Henry Poynting and Howard P. Robertson, is a process by which solar radiation causes a dust grain orbiting a star to lose angular momentum relative to its orbit around the star.
The PPM Star Catalogue (Positions and Proper Motions Star Catalogue) is the successor of the SAO Catalogue.
A protoplanetary disk is a rotating circumstellar disk of dense gas and dust surrounding a young newly formed star, a T Tauri star, or Herbig Ae/Be star.
The pyroxenes (commonly abbreviated to Px) are a group of important rock-forming inosilicate minerals found in many igneous and metamorphic rocks.
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS; Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (РАН) Rossíiskaya akadémiya naúk) consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Star Catalog is an astrometric star catalogue.
The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas, and plasma).
The Spitzer Space Telescope (SST), formerly the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF), is an infrared space telescope launched in 2003 and still operating as of 2018.
A star is type of astronomical object consisting of a luminous spheroid of plasma held together by its own gravity.
A star catalogue (Commonwealth English) or star catalog (American English), is an astronomical catalogue that lists stars.
In astronomy, stellar classification is the classification of stars based on their spectral characteristics.
Stellar rotation is the angular motion of a star about its axis.
The Sternberg Astronomical Institute (Государственный астрономический институт имени Штернберга in Russian), also known as GAISh (ГАИШ), is a research institution in Moscow, Russia, a division of Moscow State University.
Submillimetre astronomy or submillimeter astronomy (see spelling differences) is the branch of observational astronomy that is conducted at submillimetre wavelengths (i.e., terahertz radiation) of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The sulfide minerals are a class of minerals containing sulfide (S2−) as the major anion.
The Astrophysical Journal, often abbreviated ApJ (pronounced "ap jay") in references and speech, is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of astrophysics and astronomy, established in 1895 by American astronomers George Ellery Hale and James Edward Keeler.
Thermodynamic equilibrium is an axiomatic concept of thermodynamics.