65 relations: Akari (satellite), Apollo asteroid, Asteroid, Astronomical survey, Ball Aerospace & Technologies, California Institute of Technology, Comet, Comet IRAS–Araki–Alcock, Coordinated Universal Time, Cosmic Background Explorer, Debris disk, Delta 3000, Delta II, Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment, Earth, Evaporation, Geminids, Geocentric orbit, Heavens-Above, Helium, Hubble Space Telescope, Infrared, Infrared astronomy, Infrared cirrus, Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, Infrared Science Archive, Infrared Space Observatory, Jupiter, List of asteroid-discovering observatories, List of largest infrared telescopes, List of numbered comets, Meteor shower, Milky Way, Minor planet, Montreal Gazette, NASA, Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer, Netherlands, Netherlands Agency for Aerospace Programmes, Night sky, Planetary system, Ritchey–Chrétien telescope, Science and Engineering Research Council, Solar System, Space telescope, Spitzer Space Telescope, Springer Science+Business Media, Star formation, Starburst galaxy, Sun-synchronous orbit, ..., Superfluidity, Thales Nederland, The Astrophysical Journal, The Washington Post, United Kingdom, United States, Vandenberg AFB Space Launch Complex 2, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Vega, Wavelength, Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, 10P/Tempel, 161P/Hartley–IRAS, 3200 Phaethon, 3728 IRAS. Expand index (15 more) » « Shrink index
Akari (ASTRO-F) is an infrared astronomy satellite developed by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, in cooperation with institutes of Europe and Korea.
The Apollo asteroids are a group of near-Earth asteroids named after 1862 Apollo, discovered by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth in the 1930s.
Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.
An astronomical survey is a general map or image of a region of the sky which lacks a specific observational target.
Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. (commonly Ball Aerospace) is an American manufacturer of spacecraft, components, and instruments for national defense, civil space and commercial space applications.
The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.
A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, warms and begins to release gases, a process called outgassing.
Comet IRAS–Araki–Alcock (formal designation C/1983 H1, formerly 1983 VII) is a long-period comet that, in 1983, made the closest approach to Earth, about, of any comet in 200 years; only Lexell's Comet, in 1770, and 55P/Tempel-Tuttle, in 1366, are thought to have come closer.
The Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE), also referred to as Explorer 66, was a satellite dedicated to cosmology, which operated from 1989 to 1993.
A debris disk is a circumstellar disk of dust and debris in orbit around a star.
The Delta 3000 series was an American expendable launch system which was used to conduct 38 orbital launches between 1975 and 1989.
Delta II is an expendable launch system, originally designed and built by McDonnell Douglas.
Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) was an experiment on NASA's COBE mission, to survey the diffuse infrared sky.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
Evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point.
The Geminids are a meteor shower caused by the object 3200 Phaethon, which is thought to be a Palladian asteroid with a "rock comet" orbit.
A geocentric orbit or Earth orbit involves any object orbiting Planet Earth, such as the Moon or artificial satellites.
Heavens-Above is a non-profit website developed and maintained by Chris Peat as Heavens-Above GmbH.
Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.
The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990 and remains in operation.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
Infrared astronomy is the branch of astronomy and astrophysics that studies astronomical objects visible in infrared (IR) radiation.
Infrared cirrus are filamentary structures seen in space that emit infrared light.
The Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC) provides science operations, data management, data archives and community support for astronomy and planetary science missions.
The Infrared Science Archive (IRSA) curates the science products of NASA's infrared and submillimeter projects, such as the Spitzer Space Telescope, the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), the Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS), and the Two Micron All-Sky Survey (2MASS).
The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) was a space telescope for infrared light designed and operated by the European Space Agency (ESA), in cooperation with ISAS (part of JAXA as of 2003) and NASA.
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.
The list of asteroid-discovering observatories contains a section for each observatory which has discovered one or more asteroids, along with a list of those asteroids.
List of largest infrared telescopes, by diameter of entrance aperture, oriented towards large observatories dedicated to infrared astronomy.
This is a list of periodic comets that were numbered by the Minor Planet Center after having been observed on at least two occasions.
A meteor shower is a celestial event in which a number of meteors are observed to radiate, or originate, from one point in the night sky.
The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.
A minor planet is an astronomical object in direct orbit around the Sun (or more broadly, any star with a planetary system) that is neither a planet nor exclusively classified as a comet.
The Montreal Gazette, formerly titled The Gazette, is the only English-language daily newspaper published in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, after three other daily English newspapers shut down at various times during the second half of the 20th century.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) is a scientific instrument for infrared astronomy, installed on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), operating from 1997 to 1999, and from 2002 to 2008.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The Netherlands Agency for Aerospace Programmes (in Dutch language, Nederlands Instituut voor Vliegtuigontwikkeling en Ruimtevaart (NIVR)) was the official space-exploration agency of the Dutch government until 2009.
The term night sky, usually associated with astronomy from Earth, refers to the nighttime appearance of celestial objects like stars, planets, and the Moon, which are visible in a clear sky between sunset and sunrise, when the Sun is below the horizon.
A planetary system is a set of gravitationally bound non-stellar objects in or out of orbit around a star or star system.
A Ritchey–Chrétien telescope (RCT or simply RC) is a specialized variant of the Cassegrain telescope that has a hyperbolic primary mirror and a hyperbolic secondary mirror designed to eliminate off-axis optical errors (coma).
The Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC) was the UK agency in charge of publicly funded scientific and engineering research activities, including astronomy, biotechnology and biological sciences, space research and particle physics, between 1965 and 1994.
The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.
A space telescope or space observatory is an instrument located in outer space to observe distant planets, galaxies and other astronomical objects.
The Spitzer Space Telescope (SST), formerly the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF), is an infrared space telescope launched in 2003 and still operating as of 2018.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
Star formation is the process by which dense regions within molecular clouds in interstellar space, sometimes referred to as "stellar nurseries" or "star-forming regions", collapse and form stars.
A starburst galaxy is a galaxy undergoing an exceptionally high rate of star formation, as compared to the long-term average rate of star formation in the galaxy or the star formation rate observed in most other galaxies.
A Sun-synchronous orbit (SSO, also called a heliosynchronous orbit) is a nearly polar orbit around a planet, in which the satellite passes over any given point of the planet's surface at the same local mean solar time.
Superfluidity is the characteristic property of a fluid with zero viscosity which therefore flows without loss of kinetic energy.
Thales Nederland B.V. (formerly Hollandse Signaalapparaten B.V. or in short Signaal) is a subsidiary of Thales Group involved primarily in naval defence systems (sensors, radars and infrared systems).
The Astrophysical Journal, often abbreviated ApJ (pronounced "ap jay") in references and speech, is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of astrophysics and astronomy, established in 1895 by American astronomers George Ellery Hale and James Edward Keeler.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Space Launch Complex 2 (SLC-2) is an active rocket launch site at Vandenberg Air Force Base, in California, USA.
Vandenberg Air Force Base is a United States Air Force Base northwest of Lompoc, California.
Vega, also designated Alpha Lyrae (α Lyrae, abbreviated Alpha Lyr or α Lyr), is the brightest star in the constellation of Lyra, the fifth-brightest star in the night sky, and the second-brightest star in the northern celestial hemisphere, after Arcturus.
In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats.
Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) is a NASA infrared-wavelength astronomical space telescope launched in December 2009, and placed in hibernation in February 2011.
10P/Tempel, also known as Tempel 2, is a periodic Jupiter-family comet in the Solar System.
161P/Hartley–IRAS is a periodic comet with an orbital period of 21 years.
3200 Phaethon (sometimes incorrectly spelled Phaeton), provisional designation, is an Apollo asteroid with an orbit that brings it closer to the Sun than any other named asteroid (though there are numerous unnamed asteroids with smaller perihelia, such as). For this reason, it was named after the Greek myth of Phaëthon, son of the sun god Helios.
3728 IRAS, provisional designation, is a stony asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 20 kilometers in diameter.