Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Download
Faster access than browser!
 

The Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) was the first-ever space telescope to perform a survey of the entire night sky at infrared wavelengths. [1]

65 relations: Akari (satellite), Apollo asteroid, Asteroid, Astronomical survey, Ball Aerospace & Technologies, California Institute of Technology, Comet, Comet IRAS–Araki–Alcock, Coordinated Universal Time, Cosmic Background Explorer, Debris disk, Delta 3000, Delta II, Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment, Earth, Evaporation, Geminids, Geocentric orbit, Heavens-Above, Helium, Hubble Space Telescope, Infrared, Infrared astronomy, Infrared cirrus, Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, Infrared Science Archive, Infrared Space Observatory, Jupiter, List of asteroid-discovering observatories, List of largest infrared telescopes, List of numbered comets, Meteor shower, Milky Way, Minor planet, Montreal Gazette, NASA, Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer, Netherlands, Netherlands Agency for Aerospace Programmes, Night sky, Planetary system, Ritchey–Chrétien telescope, Science and Engineering Research Council, Solar System, Space telescope, Spitzer Space Telescope, Springer Science+Business Media, Star formation, Starburst galaxy, Sun-synchronous orbit, ..., Superfluidity, Thales Nederland, The Astrophysical Journal, The Washington Post, United Kingdom, United States, Vandenberg AFB Space Launch Complex 2, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Vega, Wavelength, Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, 10P/Tempel, 161P/Hartley–IRAS, 3200 Phaethon, 3728 IRAS. Expand index (15 more) »

Akari (satellite)

Akari (ASTRO-F) is an infrared astronomy satellite developed by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, in cooperation with institutes of Europe and Korea.

New!!: IRAS and Akari (satellite) · See more »

Apollo asteroid

The Apollo asteroids are a group of near-Earth asteroids named after 1862 Apollo, discovered by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth in the 1930s.

New!!: IRAS and Apollo asteroid · See more »

Asteroid

Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.

New!!: IRAS and Asteroid · See more »

Astronomical survey

An astronomical survey is a general map or image of a region of the sky which lacks a specific observational target.

New!!: IRAS and Astronomical survey · See more »

Ball Aerospace & Technologies

Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. (commonly Ball Aerospace) is an American manufacturer of spacecraft, components, and instruments for national defense, civil space and commercial space applications.

New!!: IRAS and Ball Aerospace & Technologies · See more »

California Institute of Technology

The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.

New!!: IRAS and California Institute of Technology · See more »

Comet

A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, warms and begins to release gases, a process called outgassing.

New!!: IRAS and Comet · See more »

Comet IRAS–Araki–Alcock

Comet IRAS–Araki–Alcock (formal designation C/1983 H1, formerly 1983 VII) is a long-period comet that, in 1983, made the closest approach to Earth, about, of any comet in 200 years; only Lexell's Comet, in 1770, and 55P/Tempel-Tuttle, in 1366, are thought to have come closer.

New!!: IRAS and Comet IRAS–Araki–Alcock · See more »

Coordinated Universal Time

No description.

New!!: IRAS and Coordinated Universal Time · See more »

Cosmic Background Explorer

The Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE), also referred to as Explorer 66, was a satellite dedicated to cosmology, which operated from 1989 to 1993.

New!!: IRAS and Cosmic Background Explorer · See more »

Debris disk

A debris disk is a circumstellar disk of dust and debris in orbit around a star.

New!!: IRAS and Debris disk · See more »

Delta 3000

The Delta 3000 series was an American expendable launch system which was used to conduct 38 orbital launches between 1975 and 1989.

New!!: IRAS and Delta 3000 · See more »

Delta II

Delta II is an expendable launch system, originally designed and built by McDonnell Douglas.

New!!: IRAS and Delta II · See more »

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment

Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE) was an experiment on NASA's COBE mission, to survey the diffuse infrared sky.

New!!: IRAS and Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment · See more »

Earth

Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.

New!!: IRAS and Earth · See more »

Evaporation

Evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point.

New!!: IRAS and Evaporation · See more »

Geminids

The Geminids are a meteor shower caused by the object 3200 Phaethon, which is thought to be a Palladian asteroid with a "rock comet" orbit.

New!!: IRAS and Geminids · See more »

Geocentric orbit

A geocentric orbit or Earth orbit involves any object orbiting Planet Earth, such as the Moon or artificial satellites.

New!!: IRAS and Geocentric orbit · See more »

Heavens-Above

Heavens-Above is a non-profit website developed and maintained by Chris Peat as Heavens-Above GmbH.

New!!: IRAS and Heavens-Above · See more »

Helium

Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.

New!!: IRAS and Helium · See more »

Hubble Space Telescope

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990 and remains in operation.

New!!: IRAS and Hubble Space Telescope · See more »

Infrared

Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.

New!!: IRAS and Infrared · See more »

Infrared astronomy

Infrared astronomy is the branch of astronomy and astrophysics that studies astronomical objects visible in infrared (IR) radiation.

New!!: IRAS and Infrared astronomy · See more »

Infrared cirrus

Infrared cirrus are filamentary structures seen in space that emit infrared light.

New!!: IRAS and Infrared cirrus · See more »

Infrared Processing and Analysis Center

The Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC) provides science operations, data management, data archives and community support for astronomy and planetary science missions.

New!!: IRAS and Infrared Processing and Analysis Center · See more »

Infrared Science Archive

The Infrared Science Archive (IRSA) curates the science products of NASA's infrared and submillimeter projects, such as the Spitzer Space Telescope, the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), the Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS), and the Two Micron All-Sky Survey (2MASS).

New!!: IRAS and Infrared Science Archive · See more »

Infrared Space Observatory

The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) was a space telescope for infrared light designed and operated by the European Space Agency (ESA), in cooperation with ISAS (part of JAXA as of 2003) and NASA.

New!!: IRAS and Infrared Space Observatory · See more »

Jupiter

Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.

New!!: IRAS and Jupiter · See more »

List of asteroid-discovering observatories

The list of asteroid-discovering observatories contains a section for each observatory which has discovered one or more asteroids, along with a list of those asteroids.

New!!: IRAS and List of asteroid-discovering observatories · See more »

List of largest infrared telescopes

List of largest infrared telescopes, by diameter of entrance aperture, oriented towards large observatories dedicated to infrared astronomy.

New!!: IRAS and List of largest infrared telescopes · See more »

List of numbered comets

This is a list of periodic comets that were numbered by the Minor Planet Center after having been observed on at least two occasions.

New!!: IRAS and List of numbered comets · See more »

Meteor shower

A meteor shower is a celestial event in which a number of meteors are observed to radiate, or originate, from one point in the night sky.

New!!: IRAS and Meteor shower · See more »

Milky Way

The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.

New!!: IRAS and Milky Way · See more »

Minor planet

A minor planet is an astronomical object in direct orbit around the Sun (or more broadly, any star with a planetary system) that is neither a planet nor exclusively classified as a comet.

New!!: IRAS and Minor planet · See more »

Montreal Gazette

The Montreal Gazette, formerly titled The Gazette, is the only English-language daily newspaper published in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, after three other daily English newspapers shut down at various times during the second half of the 20th century.

New!!: IRAS and Montreal Gazette · See more »

NASA

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

New!!: IRAS and NASA · See more »

Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer

The Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) is a scientific instrument for infrared astronomy, installed on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), operating from 1997 to 1999, and from 2002 to 2008.

New!!: IRAS and Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer · See more »

Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

New!!: IRAS and Netherlands · See more »

Netherlands Agency for Aerospace Programmes

The Netherlands Agency for Aerospace Programmes (in Dutch language, Nederlands Instituut voor Vliegtuigontwikkeling en Ruimtevaart (NIVR)) was the official space-exploration agency of the Dutch government until 2009.

New!!: IRAS and Netherlands Agency for Aerospace Programmes · See more »

Night sky

The term night sky, usually associated with astronomy from Earth, refers to the nighttime appearance of celestial objects like stars, planets, and the Moon, which are visible in a clear sky between sunset and sunrise, when the Sun is below the horizon.

New!!: IRAS and Night sky · See more »

Planetary system

A planetary system is a set of gravitationally bound non-stellar objects in or out of orbit around a star or star system.

New!!: IRAS and Planetary system · See more »

Ritchey–Chrétien telescope

A Ritchey–Chrétien telescope (RCT or simply RC) is a specialized variant of the Cassegrain telescope that has a hyperbolic primary mirror and a hyperbolic secondary mirror designed to eliminate off-axis optical errors (coma).

New!!: IRAS and Ritchey–Chrétien telescope · See more »

Science and Engineering Research Council

The Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC) was the UK agency in charge of publicly funded scientific and engineering research activities, including astronomy, biotechnology and biological sciences, space research and particle physics, between 1965 and 1994.

New!!: IRAS and Science and Engineering Research Council · See more »

Solar System

The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.

New!!: IRAS and Solar System · See more »

Space telescope

A space telescope or space observatory is an instrument located in outer space to observe distant planets, galaxies and other astronomical objects.

New!!: IRAS and Space telescope · See more »

Spitzer Space Telescope

The Spitzer Space Telescope (SST), formerly the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF), is an infrared space telescope launched in 2003 and still operating as of 2018.

New!!: IRAS and Spitzer Space Telescope · See more »

Springer Science+Business Media

Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.

New!!: IRAS and Springer Science+Business Media · See more »

Star formation

Star formation is the process by which dense regions within molecular clouds in interstellar space, sometimes referred to as "stellar nurseries" or "star-forming regions", collapse and form stars.

New!!: IRAS and Star formation · See more »

Starburst galaxy

A starburst galaxy is a galaxy undergoing an exceptionally high rate of star formation, as compared to the long-term average rate of star formation in the galaxy or the star formation rate observed in most other galaxies.

New!!: IRAS and Starburst galaxy · See more »

Sun-synchronous orbit

A Sun-synchronous orbit (SSO, also called a heliosynchronous orbit) is a nearly polar orbit around a planet, in which the satellite passes over any given point of the planet's surface at the same local mean solar time.

New!!: IRAS and Sun-synchronous orbit · See more »

Superfluidity

Superfluidity is the characteristic property of a fluid with zero viscosity which therefore flows without loss of kinetic energy.

New!!: IRAS and Superfluidity · See more »

Thales Nederland

Thales Nederland B.V. (formerly Hollandse Signaalapparaten B.V. or in short Signaal) is a subsidiary of Thales Group involved primarily in naval defence systems (sensors, radars and infrared systems).

New!!: IRAS and Thales Nederland · See more »

The Astrophysical Journal

The Astrophysical Journal, often abbreviated ApJ (pronounced "ap jay") in references and speech, is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of astrophysics and astronomy, established in 1895 by American astronomers George Ellery Hale and James Edward Keeler.

New!!: IRAS and The Astrophysical Journal · See more »

The Washington Post

The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.

New!!: IRAS and The Washington Post · See more »

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

New!!: IRAS and United Kingdom · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

New!!: IRAS and United States · See more »

Vandenberg AFB Space Launch Complex 2

Space Launch Complex 2 (SLC-2) is an active rocket launch site at Vandenberg Air Force Base, in California, USA.

New!!: IRAS and Vandenberg AFB Space Launch Complex 2 · See more »

Vandenberg Air Force Base

Vandenberg Air Force Base is a United States Air Force Base northwest of Lompoc, California.

New!!: IRAS and Vandenberg Air Force Base · See more »

Vega

Vega, also designated Alpha Lyrae (α Lyrae, abbreviated Alpha Lyr or α Lyr), is the brightest star in the constellation of Lyra, the fifth-brightest star in the night sky, and the second-brightest star in the northern celestial hemisphere, after Arcturus.

New!!: IRAS and Vega · See more »

Wavelength

In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats.

New!!: IRAS and Wavelength · See more »

Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer

Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) is a NASA infrared-wavelength astronomical space telescope launched in December 2009, and placed in hibernation in February 2011.

New!!: IRAS and Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer · See more »

10P/Tempel

10P/Tempel, also known as Tempel 2, is a periodic Jupiter-family comet in the Solar System.

New!!: IRAS and 10P/Tempel · See more »

161P/Hartley–IRAS

161P/Hartley–IRAS is a periodic comet with an orbital period of 21 years.

New!!: IRAS and 161P/Hartley–IRAS · See more »

3200 Phaethon

3200 Phaethon (sometimes incorrectly spelled Phaeton), provisional designation, is an Apollo asteroid with an orbit that brings it closer to the Sun than any other named asteroid (though there are numerous unnamed asteroids with smaller perihelia, such as). For this reason, it was named after the Greek myth of Phaëthon, son of the sun god Helios.

New!!: IRAS and 3200 Phaethon · See more »

3728 IRAS

3728 IRAS, provisional designation, is a stony asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 20 kilometers in diameter.

New!!: IRAS and 3728 IRAS · See more »

Redirects here:

Infrared Astronomical Satellite, Infrared Astronomy Satellite, Iras.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IRAS

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »