206 relations: Advanced Micro Devices, AdvFS, Affero General Public License, Allison Randal, Andrew Morton (computer programmer), Anti-pattern, Apache License, App Store (macOS), Application service provider, Armin Ronacher, Artistic License, Balkanization, Benjamin Mako Hill, Binary file, Blender (software), Bryan Cantrill, BSD licenses, BusyBox, Caldera OpenLinux, California Western School of Law, CentOS, Chief technology officer, Chlorophytum comosum, Civil law (legal system), Common Development and Distribution License, Common law, Comparison of free and open-source software licenses, Compiler, Component-based software engineering, Computer program, Content management system, Contract, Copyleft, Copyright, Copyright infringement, Craig Mundie, Cygwin, Cypherpunk, D-Link, Datamation, David A. Wheeler, Debian, Debian configuration system, Deprecation, Derivative work, Digital distribution, Digital Millennium Copyright Act, Digital rights management, Drupal, DTrace, ..., Dynamic linker, Eben Moglen, Embedded system, End user, Eric S. Raymond, European Union Public Licence, Executable, Fair use, FAQ, Fedora (operating system), Fedora Project, File Transfer Protocol, Firefox, Flask (web framework), FLOSS Manuals, Free and open-source software, Free software, Free Software Foundation, Free Software Foundation Europe, Free Software Foundation, Inc. v. Cisco Systems, Inc., Free software license, Free software movement, FreeBSD, FreeCAD, Freecode, GitHub, GNU Affero General Public License, GNU Binutils, GNU bison, GNU Compiler Collection, GNU Core Utilities, GNU Debugger, GNU Emacs, GNU Free Documentation License, GNU General Public License, GNU Lesser General Public License, GNU Parted, GNU Project, GNU Readline, GnuTLS, Google, Google Developers, GPL font exception, GPL linking exception, Gpl-violations.org, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Harald Welte, Hardware restriction, Harvard University, Hyper-V, Hypertext Transfer Protocol, Ibiblio, IfrOSS, Injunction, International Data Group, Internet Engineering Task Force, Iptables, Jargon File, Joyent, Lawrence Rosen (attorney), Lawsuit, Lewis Galoob Toys, Inc. v. Nintendo of America, Inc., LibreCAD, LibreDWG, License, License compatibility, License proliferation, Linksys WRT54G series, Linus Torvalds, Linux, Linux distribution, Linux Foundation, Linux Journal, Linux kernel, Loadable kernel module, LWN.net, Microsoft, MIT License, Modular programming, Mozilla Application Suite, Mozilla Foundation, Mozilla Thunderbird, Multi-licensing, Munich, MySQL, MySQL AB, Netfilter, Network-attached storage, NeXT, Nikolai Bezroukov, Nokia, Novell, Nvidia, O'Reilly Media, Obfuscation (software), Objective-C, Open Source Initiative, Open-source software, OpenBSD, Opposition to copyright, Patch (Unix), Patent infringement, Pearson Education, Permissive software licence, Phoronix, Plug-in (computing), Portland, Oregon, Proprietary software, PyQt, Qt (software), Red Hat, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Red Hat Linux, Richard Fontana, Richard Stallman, Robert J. Chassell, Sam Hocevar, SCO Group, Severability, Shareware, Skin (computing), Slashdot, Software Freedom Law Center, Software in the Public Interest, Software patents and free software, Software relicensing, Source code, SourceForge, Static library, Stet (software), Steve Ballmer, Sun Microsystems, The Free Software Definition, The Register, Theme (computing), Tivoization, Toybox, Trade secret, Ubuntu (operating system), Ubuntu Software Center, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, United States District Court for the Southern District of Indiana, University of Victoria, Video card, Viral license, Virtual private network, VLC media player, Wallace v. International Business Machines Corp., Wget, Whurley, Windows Services for UNIX, Wireless router, WordPress, WTFPL, ZFS. Expand index (156 more) » « Shrink index
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
AdvFS, also known as Tru64 UNIX Advanced File System, is a file system developed in the late 1980s to mid-1990s by Digital Equipment Corporation for their OSF/1 version of the Unix operating system (later Digital UNIX/Tru64 UNIX).
The Affero General Public License (Affero GPL and informally Affero License) is either of two distinct, though historically related, free software licenses.
Allison Randal is a software developer and author.
Andrew Keith Paul Morton (born 1959) is an Australian software engineer, best known as one of the lead developers of the Linux kernel.
An anti-pattern is a common response to a recurring problem that is usually ineffective and risks being highly counterproductive.
The Apache License is a permissive free software license written by the Apache Software Foundation (ASF).
The App Store is a digital distribution platform for macOS apps, created by Apple Inc. The platform was announced on October 20, 2010, at Apple's "Back to the Mac" event.
An application service provider (ASP) is a business providing computer-based services to customers over a network; such as access to a particular software application (such as customer relationship management) using a standard protocol (such as HTTP).
Armin Ronacher (born May 10, 1989) is an Austrian open source software programmer and the creator of the Flask web framework for Python.
The Artistic License (version 1.0) is a software license used for certain free and open-source software packages, most notably the standard implementation of the Perl programming language and most CPAN modules, which are dual-licensed under the Artistic License and the GNU General Public License (GPL).
Balkanization, or Balkanisation, is a geopolitical term used to describe the process of fragmentation or division of a region or state into smaller regions or states that are often hostile or uncooperative with one another.
Benjamin Mako Hill (born December 2, 1980) is a free software activist, hacker, and author.
A binary file is a computer file that is not a text file.
Blender is a professional, free and open-source 3D computer graphics software toolset used for creating animated films, visual effects, art, 3D printed models, interactive 3D applications and video games.
Bryan M. Cantrill (born 1973) is an American software engineer who worked at Sun Microsystems and later at Oracle Corporation following its acquisition of Sun.
BSD licenses are a family of permissive free software licenses, imposing minimal restrictions on the use and redistribution of covered software.
BusyBox is software that provides several stripped-down Unix tools in a single executable file.
Caldera OpenLinux (COL) is a defunct Linux distribution that was originally introduced by Caldera in 1997 based on the German LST Power Linux distribution, and then taken over and further developed by Caldera Systems (now SCO Group) since 1998.
California Western School of Law, founded in 1924, is a private, nonprofit law school located in San Diego, California.
CentOS (from Community Enterprise Operating System) is a Linux distribution that provides a free, enterprise-class, community-supported computing platform functionally compatible with its upstream source, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL).
A Chief Technology Officer (CTO), sometimes known as a Chief Technical Officer, is an executive-level position in a company or other entity whose occupation is focused on scientific and technological issues within an organization.
Chlorophytum comosum, often called spider plant but also known as airplane plant, St.
Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
Common Development and Distribution License (CDDL) is a free and open-source software license, produced by Sun Microsystems, based on the Mozilla Public License (MPL).
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
This is a comparison of published free software licenses and open-source licenses.
A compiler is computer software that transforms computer code written in one programming language (the source language) into another programming language (the target language).
Component-based software engineering (CBSE), also called as component-based development (CBD), is a branch of software engineering that emphasizes the separation of concerns with respect to the wide-ranging functionality available throughout a given software system.
A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.
A content management system (CMS)Managing Enterprise Content: A Unified Content Strategy.
A contract is a promise or set of promises that are legally enforceable and, if violated, allow the injured party access to legal remedies.
Copyleft (a play on the word copyright) is the practice of offering people the right to freely distribute copies and modified versions of a work with the stipulation that the same rights be preserved in derivative works down the line.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works.
Craig James Mundie (born July 1, 1949 in Cleveland, Ohio) is Senior Advisor to the CEO at Microsoft and its former Chief Research and Strategy Officer.
Cygwin is a Unix-like environment and command-line interface for Microsoft Windows.
A cypherpunk (UK /ˈsʌɪfəpʌŋk/ US /ˈsʌɪfərpʌŋk/) is any activist advocating widespread use of strong cryptography and privacy-enhancing technologies as a route to social and political change.
D-Link Corporation is a Taiwanese multinational networking equipment manufacturing corporation headquartered in Taipei, Taiwan.
Datamation is a computer magazine that was published in print form in the United States between 1957 and 1998,, Sharon Machlis // ComputerWorld, page 15, 19 January 1998 and has since continued publication on the web.
David A. Wheeler (born 1965) is a computer scientist.
Debian is a Unix-like computer operating system that is composed entirely of free software, and packaged by a group of individuals participating in the Debian Project.
debconf is a software utility for performing system-wide configuration tasks on Unix-like operating systems.
In several fields, deprecation is the discouragement of use of some terminology, feature, design, or practice, typically because it has been superseded or is no longer considered efficient or safe, without completely removing it or prohibiting its use.
In copyright law, a derivative work is an expressive creation that includes major copyright-protected elements of an original, previously created first work (the underlying work).
Digital distribution (also referred to as content delivery, online distribution, or electronic software distribution (ESD), among others) is the delivery or distribution of media content such as audio, video, software and video games.
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a United States copyright law that implements two 1996 treaties of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.
Drupal is a free and open source content-management framework written in PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License.
DTrace is a comprehensive dynamic tracing framework created by Sun Microsystems for troubleshooting kernel and application problems on production systems in real time.
In computing, a dynamic linker is the part of an operating system that loads and links the shared libraries needed by an executable when it is executed (at "run time"), by copying the content of libraries from persistent storage to RAM, and filling jump tables and relocating pointers.
Eben Moglen is a professor of law and legal history at Columbia University, and is the founder, Director-Counsel and Chairman of Software Freedom Law Center.
An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.
In product development, an end user (sometimes end-user) is a person who ultimately uses or is intended to ultimately use a product.
Eric Steven Raymond (born December 4, 1957), often referred to as ESR, is an American software developer, author of the widely cited 1997 essay and 1999 book The Cathedral and the Bazaar and other works, and open-source software advocate.
The European Union Public Licence (EUPL) is a software licence that has been created and approved by the European Commission.
In computing, executable code or an executable file or executable program, sometimes simply referred to as an executable or binary, causes a computer "to perform indicated tasks according to encoded instructions," as opposed to a data file that must be parsed by a program to be meaningful.
Fair use is a doctrine in the law of the United States that permits limited use of copyrighted material without having to first acquire permission from the copyright holder.
Frequently asked questions (FAQ) or Questions and Answers (Q&A), are listed questions and answers, all supposed to be commonly asked in some context, and pertaining to a particular topic.
Fedora is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat.
The Fedora Project is a project sponsored by Red Hat primarily to co-ordinate the development of the Linux-based Fedora operating system, operating with the vision that the project "creates a world where free culture is welcoming and widespread, collaboration is commonplace, and people control their content and devices." The project also oversees Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux, a special interest group which maintains the eponymous packages.
The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used for the transfer of computer files between a client and server on a computer network.
Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.
Flask is a micro web framework written in Python.
The FLOSS Manuals (FM) is a non-profit foundation founded in 2006 by Adam Hyde and based in the Netherlands.
Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software that can be classified as both free software and open-source software.
Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.
The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the free software movement, which promotes the universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software, with the organization's preference for software being distributed under copyleft ("share alike") terms, such as with its own GNU General Public License.
The Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) was founded in 2001 to support all aspects of the free software movement in Europe.
Free Software Foundation, Inc.
A free software license is a notice that grants the recipient of a piece of software extensive rights to modify and redistribute that software.
The free software movement (FSM) or free / open source software movement (FOSSM) or free / libre open source software (FLOSS) is a social movement with the goal of obtaining and guaranteeing certain freedoms for software users, namely the freedom to run the software, to study and change the software, and to redistribute copies with or without changes.
FreeBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).
FreeCAD is a free and open-source (under the LGPLv2+ license) general-purpose parametric 3D CAD modeler and a building information modeling (BIM) software with finite-element-method (FEM) support.
Freecode, formerly Freshmeat, is a website owned by BIZX, Inc.
GitHub Inc. is a web-based hosting service for version control using Git.
The GNU Affero General Public License is a free, copyleft license published by the Free Software Foundation in November 2007, and based on the GNU General Public License, version 3 and the Affero General Public License.
The GNU Binary Utilities, or binutils, are a set of programming tools for creating and managing binary programs, object files, libraries, profile data, and assembly source code.
GNU bison, commonly known as Bison, is a parser generator that is part of the GNU Project.
The GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) is a compiler system produced by the GNU Project supporting various programming languages.
The GNU Core Utilities or coreutils is a package of GNU software containing reimplementations for many of the basic tools, such as cat, ls, and rm, which are used on Unix-like operating systems.
The GNU Debugger (GDB) is a portable debugger that runs on many Unix-like systems and works for many programming languages, including Ada, C, C++, Objective-C, Free Pascal, Fortran, Go, Java and partially others.
GNU Emacs is the most popular and most ported Emacs text editor.
The GNU Free Documentation License (GNU FDL or simply GFDL) is a copyleft license for free documentation, designed by the Free Software Foundation (FSF) for the GNU Project.
The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.
The GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) is a free software license published by the Free Software Foundation (FSF).
GNU Parted (the name being the conjunction of the two words PARTition and EDitor) is a free partition editor, used for creating and deleting partitions.
The GNU Project is a free-software, mass-collaboration project, first announced on September 27, 1983 by Richard Stallman at MIT.
GNU Readline is a software library that provides line-editing and history capabilities for interactive programs with a command-line interface, such as Bash.
GnuTLS (the GNU Transport Layer Security Library) is a free software implementation of the TLS, SSL and DTLS protocols.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Google Developers (previously Google Code), application programming interfaces (APIs), and technical resources.
The GPL font exception clause (or GPL+FE, for short) is an optional clause that can be added to the GNU General Public License (GNU GPL) permitting digital fonts shared with that license to be embedded within a digital document file without requiring the document itself to also be shared with GPL.
A GPL linking exception modifies the GNU General Public License (GPL) in a way that enables software projects which provide library code to be "linked to" the programs that use them, without applying the full terms of the GPL to the using program.
The gpl-violations.org is a not-for-profit project founded and led by Harald Welte in 2004.
Greg Kroah-Hartman (GKH) is a Linux kernel developer.
Harald Welte (born 1979) is a programmer resident in Berlin, Germany.
A hardware restriction (sometimes called hardware DRM) is content protection enforced by electronic components.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Microsoft Hyper-V, codenamed Viridian and formerly known as Windows Server Virtualization, is a native hypervisor; it can create virtual machines on x86-64 systems running Windows.
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, and hypermedia information systems.
ibiblio (formerly SunSITE.unc.edu and MetaLab.unc.edu) is a "collection of collections," and hosts a diverse range of publicly available information and open source content, including software, music, literature, art, history, science, politics, and cultural studies.
Institut für Rechtsfragen der Freien und Open Source Software, abbreviated to ifrOSS, (English: Institute for legal issues regarding free and open source software) is a German organisation that provides legal services for free software.
An injunction is an equitable remedy in the form of a court order that compels a party to do or refrain from specific acts.
International Data Group, Inc. (IDG) is a Chinese-owned, American-based media, data and marketing services and venture capital organization.
The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).
iptables is a user-space utility program that allows a system administrator to configure the tables provided by the Linux kernel firewall (implemented as different Netfilter modules) and the chains and rules it stores.
The Jargon File is a glossary and usage dictionary of slang used by computer programmers.
Joyent Inc is a software and services company based in San Francisco, California.
Lawrence Rosen (also Larry Rosen) is an attorney and computer specialist.
A lawsuit (or suit in law) is "a vernacular term for a suit, action, or cause instituted or depending between two private persons in the courts of law." A lawsuit is any proceeding by a party or parties against another in a court of law.
Lewis Galoob Toys, Inc.
LibreCAD is a free computer-aided design (CAD) application for 2D design.
GNU LibreDWG is a software library programmed in C to manage DWG computer files, native proprietary format of computer-aided design software AutoCAD.
A license (American English) or licence (British English) is an official permission or permit to do, use, or own something (as well as the document of that permission or permit).
License compatibility is a legal framework that allows for pieces of software with different software licenses to be distributed together.
License proliferation is the phenomenon of an abundance of already existing and the continued creation of new software licenses for software and software packages in the FOSS ecosystem.
The Linksys WRT54G Wi-Fi series is a series of Wi-Fi–capable residential gateways marketed by Linksys, a subsidiary of Cisco from 2003 until acquired by Belkin in 2013.
Linus Benedict Torvalds (born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator, and historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which became the kernel for operating systems such as the Linux operating systems, Android, and Chrome OS.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system made from a software collection, which is based upon the Linux kernel and, often, a package management system.
The Linux Foundation (LF) is dedicated to building sustainable ecosystems around open source projects to accelerate technology development and commercial adoption.
Linux Journal is a monthly technology magazine published by Linux Journal, LLC.
The Linux kernel is an open-source monolithic Unix-like computer operating system kernel.
In computing, a loadable kernel module (LKM) is an object file that contains code to extend the running kernel, or so-called base kernel, of an operating system.
LWN.net is a computing webzine with an emphasis on free software and software for Linux and other Unix-like operating systems.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
The MIT License is a permissive free software license originating at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Modular programming is a software design technique that emphasizes separating the functionality of a programme into independent, interchangeable modules, such that each contains everything necessary to execute only one aspect of the desired functionality.
The Mozilla Application Suite (originally known as Mozilla, marketed as the Mozilla Suite) is a discontinued cross-platform integrated Internet suite.
The Mozilla Foundation (stylized as moz://a) is a non-profit organization that exists to support and collectively lead the open source Mozilla project.
Mozilla Thunderbird is a free and open-source cross-platform email client, news client, RSS and chat client developed by the Mozilla Foundation.
Multi-licensing is the practice of distributing software under two or more different sets of terms and conditions.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
MySQL ("My S-Q-L") is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS).
MySQL AB was a Swedish software company founded in 1995.
Netfilter is a framework provided by Linux that allows various networking-related operations to be implemented in the form of customized handlers.
Network-attached storage (NAS) is a file-level computer data storage server connected to a computer network providing data access to a heterogeneous group of clients.
NeXT (later NeXT Computer and NeXT Software) was an American computer and software company founded in 1985 by Apple Computer co-founder Steve Jobs.
Nikolai Bezroukov is a Senior Internet Security Analyst at BASF Corporation and was member of Computer Science at Farleigh Dickinson University (New Jersey, United States).
Nokia is a Finnish multinational telecommunications, information technology, and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865.
Novell, Inc. was a software and services company headquartered in Provo, Utah.
Nvidia Corporation (most commonly referred to as Nvidia, stylized as NVIDIA, or (due to their logo) nVIDIA) is an American technology company incorporated in Delaware and based in Santa Clara, California.
O'Reilly Media (formerly O'Reilly & Associates) is an American media company established by Tim O'Reilly that publishes books and Web sites and produces conferences on computer technology topics.
In software development, obfuscation is the deliberate act of creating source or machine code that is difficult for humans to understand.
Objective-C is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that adds Smalltalk-style messaging to the C programming language.
The Open Source Initiative (OSI) is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting open-source software.
Open-source software (OSS) is a type of computer software whose source code is released under a license in which the copyright holder grants users the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
OpenBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like computer operating system descended from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Research Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley.
Opposition to copyright or anti-copyright refers to a movement dissenting the nature of current copyright law, often focusing on perceived negative philosophical, economical or social effects of such laws.
The computer tool patch is a Unix program that updates text files according to instructions contained in a separate file, called a patch file.
Patent infringement is the commission of a prohibited act with respect to a patented invention without permission from the patent holder.
Pearson Education (see also Pearson PLC) is a British-owned education publishing and assessment service to schools and corporations, as well as directly to students.
A permissive software license, sometimes also called BSD-like or BSD-style license, is a free software software license with minimal requirements about how the software can be redistributed.
Phoronix is a technology website that offers insights regarding the development of the Linux kernel, product reviews, interviews, and news regarding free and open-source software by monitoring the Linux kernel mailing list or interviews.
In computing, a plug-in (or plugin, add-in, addin, add-on, addon, or extension) is a software component that adds a specific feature to an existing computer program.
Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
PyQt is a Python binding of the cross-platform GUI toolkit Qt, implemented as a Python plug-in.
Qt ("cute") is a cross-platform application framework and widget toolkit for creating classic and embedded graphical user interfaces, and applications that run on various software and hardware platforms with little or no change in the underlying codebase, while still being a native application with native capabilities and speed.
Red Hat, Inc. is an American multinational software company providing open-source software products to the enterprise community.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a Linux distribution developed by Red Hat and targeted toward the commercial market.
Red Hat Linux, assembled by the company Red Hat, was a widely used Linux distribution until its discontinuation in 2004.
Richard Fontana is a lawyer in the United States who is particularly known for his work in the area of open source and free software.
Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953), often known by his initials, rms—is an American free software movement activist and programmer.
Robert "Bob" Chassell was one of the founding directors of Free Software Foundation (FSF) in 1985.
Samuel "Sam" Hocevar (born 5 August 1978) is a French software and video game developer.
SCO, The SCO Group, The TSG Group, Caldera Systems, and Caldera International are the various names of an American software company that became known for acquiring the Santa Cruz Operation's Server Software and Services divisions, and UnixWare and OpenServer technologies, and then, under CEO Darl McBride, pursuing a series of legal battles known as the SCO-Linux controversies.
In law, severability (sometimes known as salvatorius, from Latin) refers to a provision in a contract which states that if parts of the contract are held to be illegal or otherwise unenforceable, the remainder of the contract should still apply.
Shareware is a type of proprietary software which is initially provided free of charge to users, who are allowed and encouraged to make and share copies of the program.
In computing, a skin (also known as visual styles in Windows XP) is a custom graphical appearance preset package achieved by the use of a graphical user interface (GUI) that can be applied to specific computer software, operating system, and websites to suit the purpose, topic, or tastes of different users.
Slashdot (sometimes abbreviated as /.) is a social news website that originally billed itself as "News for Nerds.
The Software Freedom Law Center (SFLC) is an organization that provides pro bono legal representation and related services to not-for-profit developers of free software/open source software.
Software in the Public Interest, Inc. (SPI) is a US 501(c)(3) non-profit organization formed to help other organizations create and distribute free/open-source software and open-source hardware.
Opposition to software patents is widespread in the free software community.
Software relicensing is applied in open-source software development when software licenses of software modules are incompatible and are required to be compatible for a greater combined work.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
SourceForge is a Web-based service that offers software developers a centralized online location to control and manage free and open-source software projects.
In computer science, a static library or statically-linked library is a set of routines, external functions and variables which are resolved in a caller at compile-time and copied into a target application by a compiler, linker, or binder, producing an object file and a stand-alone executable.
stet is a free software package for gathering comments about a text document via a webpage.
Steven Anthony Ballmer (born March 24, 1956) is an American businessman, investor and philanthropist who was the chief executive officer of Microsoft from January 2000 to February 2014, and is the current owner of the Los Angeles Clippers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
The Free Software Definition written by Richard Stallman and published by Free Software Foundation (FSF), defines free software as being software that ensures that the end users have freedom in using, studying, sharing and modifying that software.
The Register (nicknamed El Reg) is a British technology news and opinion website co-founded in 1994 by Mike Magee, John Lettice and Ross Alderson.
In computing, a theme is a preset package containing graphical appearance details.
Tivoization is the creation of a system that incorporates software under the terms of a copyleft software license (like the GPL), but uses hardware restrictions to prevent users from running modified versions of the software on that hardware.
Toybox is a Free and open source software implementation of some Unix command line utilities for embedded devices.
A trade secret is a formula, practice, process, design, instrument, pattern, commercial method, or compilation of information not generally known or reasonably ascertainable by others by which a business can obtain an economic advantage over competitors or customers.
Ubuntu (stylized as ubuntu) is a free and open source operating system and Linux distribution based on Debian.
Ubuntu Software Center or simply Software Center is a discontinued high-level graphical front end for the APT/dpkg package management system.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (in case citations, 9th Cir.) is a U.S. Federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts.
The United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts (in case citations, D. Mass.) is the federal district court whose territorial jurisdiction is the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, United States.
The United States District Court for the Southern District of Indiana (in case citations, S.D. Ind.) is a federal district court in Indiana.
The University of Victoria (UVic) is a major research university located in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
A video card (also called a display card, graphics card, display adapter or graphics adapter) is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display (such as a computer monitor).
Viral license is an alternative name for copyleft licenses, especially the GPL, that allows derivative works only when permissions are preserved in modified versions of the work.
A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network, and enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network.
VLC media player (commonly known as VLC) is a free and open-source, portable, cross-platform media player and streaming media server developed by the VideoLAN project.
Wallace v. International Business Machines Corp., 467 F.3d 1104 (7th Cir. 2006), was a significant case in the development of free software.
GNU Wget (or just Wget, formerly Geturl, also written as its package name, wget) is a computer program that retrieves content from web servers.
William Hurley (born March 30, 1971), commonly known as whurley, is an American entrepreneur and the founder of Chaotic Moon Studios, Honest Dollar, Silicon Hills News, March 13, 2015.
Windows Services for UNIX (SFU) is a discontinued software package produced by Microsoft which provided a Unix environment on Windows NT and some of its immediate successor operating-systems.
An early example of a wireless router A wireless router is a device that performs the functions of a router and also includes the functions of a wireless access point.
WordPress is a free and open-source content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQL.
The WTFPL (Do What the Fuck You Want To Public License) is a permissive license most commonly used as a free software license.
ZFS is a combined file system and logical volume manager designed by Sun Microsystems and now owned by Oracle Corporation.
GGPL, GNU GPL, GNU GPL 3, GNU GPL and LGPL, GNU GPL license, GNU GPL version 1, GNU GPL version 2, GNU GPL version 3, GNU GPLv1, GNU GPLv2, GNU GPLv3, GNU General Public Licence, GNU General Public License 3, GNU General Public License Version 2, GNU General Public License Version 3, GNU General Public License v3, GNU General Public License version 2, GNU General Public License version 3, GNU Public Licence, GNU Public License, GNU general public license, GNU public licence, GNU-GPLv3, GNU/GPL, GPL, GPL 2, GPL 3, GPL 3.0, GPL License, GPL Version 1, GPL Version 2, GPL Version 3, GPL compatibility, GPL compatible, GPL license, GPL v2, GPL v3, GPL version 2, GPL version 3, GPL, Version 3, or newer, GPL-3.0, GPL2, GPL3, GPLD, GPLv1, GPLv2, GPLv2 License, GPLv3, General Public Licence, General Public License, General Public Virus, General public license, Gnu GPL, Gnu General Public License, Gnu Public License, Gnu general public license, Gnu public license, Gpl, Gpl 2, Gpl v2, Gpl v3, Gpl version 2, Gpl version 3, Gpl3, Gplv2, Gplv3.