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Operation Searchlight

Index Operation Searchlight

Operation Searchlight was a planned military operation carried out by the Pakistan Army to curb the Bengali nationalist movement in the erstwhile East Pakistan in March 1971, which the Pakistani state justified on the basis of anti-Bihari violence by Bengalis in early March. [1]

165 relations: A. A. K. Niazi, Aérospatiale Alouette III, Aboobaker Osman Mitha, Abu Osman Chowdhury, Agartala, Agrabad, Air commodore, Al-Badr (East Pakistan), Al-Shams (East Pakistan), Ashuganj, Asia Times, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Baloch people, Bangladesh, Bangladesh Army, Bangladesh Awami League, Bangladesh Liberation War, Battalion, Bengal, Bengalis, Biharis, Bogra, Bogra District, Border Guards Bangladesh, Brahmanbaria, Brigade, Brigadier general, Cantonment, Captain (armed forces), Chief of staff, Chittagong, Chuadanga District, Colonel, Comilla, Counter-insurgency, Cox's Bazar, Curfew, Daily Times (Pakistan), Der Spiegel, Destroyer, Dhaka, Dhanmondi Thana, Dinajpur District, Bangladesh, Division (military), Double Mooring Thana, East Bengal Regiment, East Pakistan, East Pakistan Central Peace Committee, Field artillery, Fulbari Upazila, ..., Gazipur City, General officer commanding, Glossary of French expressions in English, Government in exile, Guinness World Records, Gul Hassan Khan, Habiganj District, Hamoodur Rahman Commission, Hindu, India, Indian Army, Indira Gandhi, Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, Irregular warfare, Jamalpur District, Jamuna River (Bangladesh), Jessore (town), Jessore District, K M Shafiullah, Kalurghat, Kaptai Upazila, Khaled Mosharraf, Kharian, Khulna, Killed in action, Kolkata, Kushtia District, Lieutenant general, Lockheed C-130 Hercules, Lockheed T-33, M. A. G. Osmani, M. A. Hannan, M24 Chaffee, Major general, Martial law, Mil Mi-8, Mirpur Model Thana, Mitty Masud, Mizo people, Mohammad Shariff, Mohammadpur Thana, Moulvibazar District, Muhammad Hussain Janjua, Mukti Bahini, N1 (Bangladesh), Naga people, Naogaon, Narail District, Nilphamari District, Noakhali District, North American F-86 Sabre, Oli Ahmad, Operation Chengiz Khan, Operation Jackpot, Pabna, Padma River, Pakistan Air Force, Pakistan Armed Forces, Pakistan Armed Forces Eastern Command, Pakistan Army, Pakistan International Airlines, Pakistan Navy, Pakistan Peoples Party, Pakistani general election, 1970, Pakistani order of battle for Operation Searchlight in 1971, Pashtuns, Persecution of Biharis in Bangladesh, Pilkhana, Bangladesh, President of Pakistan, Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Prisoner of war, Provisional Government of Bangladesh, Punjabis, Quetta, Rajarbagh, Rajshahi, Ramgarh Upazila, Ramna Kali Mandir, Rangamati, Rangpur City, Rao Farman Ali, Razakar (Pakistan), Realpolitik, Rear admiral, Recoilless rifle, Resistance (military), Resistance movement, Saidpur, Bangladesh, Sarail Upazila, Shafaat Jamil, Shaheed Minar, Dhaka, Shahjalal International Airport, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Sherpur District, Sindhis, Six point movement, Sunamganj District, Syed Mohammad Ahsan, Sylhet, Tajuddin Ahmad, Tangail, Tejgaon Airport, Teknaf Upazila, Thakurgaon District, The Daily Ittefaq, Tikka Khan, Tongi, Unconditional surrender, University of Dhaka, War crime, West Pakistan, Yahya Khan, Ziaur Rahman, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, 1971 Bangladesh genocide. Expand index (115 more) »

A. A. K. Niazi

Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi (Urdu: امیر عبداللہ خان نیازی; b. 1915–1 February 2004),, popularly known as A.A.K. Niazi or General Niazi was a former lieutenant-general in the Pakistan Army and the last Governor of East Pakistan, known for commanding the Eastern Command of Pakistani military in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) during the Eastern and the Western Fronts of the Indo-Pakistani war until the unilateral surrendering on the 16 December 1971 to Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C) of the Eastern Command and the Bengali Liberation Forces.

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Aérospatiale Alouette III

The Aérospatiale Alouette III (Lark) is a single-engine, light utility helicopter developed by French aircraft company Sud Aviation.

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Aboobaker Osman Mitha

Aboobaker Osman Mitha (Urdu:ابو بكر عثمان متها; b.1923–1999), popularize as A.O. Mitha,, was a two-star rank army general who is considered a legend in the Pakistan Army, and a "stay behind" conceptual founder of Special Services Group (SSG).

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Abu Osman Chowdhury

Abu Osman Chowdhury is a Bangladeshi war hero and freedom fighter.

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Agartala

Agartala 'আগরতলা (Bengali)' is the capital of the Indian state of Tripura as well as the second largest city in North-east India after Guwahati, both in municipal area and population.

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Agrabad

Agrabad (আগ্রাবাদ) is a downtown commercial and financial area in Chittagong, the second largest city of Bangladesh.

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Air commodore

Air commodore (abbreviated as Air Cdre in the RAF, IAF and PAF; AIRCDRE in the RNZAF and RAAF) is a one-star rank and the most junior general rank of the air-officer which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.

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Al-Badr (East Pakistan)

The Al-Badr (আল বদর) was a paramilitary force which operated in East Pakistan against the Bengali nationalist movement during the Bangladesh Liberation War, under the patronage of the Pakistani government.

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Al-Shams (East Pakistan)

The Al-Shams (আল শামস) was an anti-Bangladesh paramilitary wing of several Islamist parties in East Pakistan composed of local Bengalis and Biharis that along with the Pakistan Army and the Al-Badr, is accused of conducting a mass killing campaign against Bengali nationalists, civilians, religious and ethnic minorities during 1971.

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Ashuganj

Ashuganj or Ashugonj (আশুগঞ্জ) is a town in the Brahmanbaria District of Chittagong Division of Bangladesh in the Meghna River delta.

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Asia Times

Asia Times is a Hong Kong-based Philippine English-language news website covering politics, economics, business and culture "from an Asian perspective specially Philippine".

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Asiatic Society of Bangladesh

The Asiatic Society of Bangladesh was established as the Asiatic Society of Pakistan in Dhaka in 1952, and renamed in 1972.

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Baloch people

The Baloch or Baluch (Balochi) are a people who live mainly in the Balochistan region of the southeastern-most edge of the Iranian plateau in Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan, as well as in the Arabian Peninsula.

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Bangladesh

Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.

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Bangladesh Army

The Bangladesh Army (BA, বাংলাদেশ সেনাবাহিনী, Bangladesh Senabahini) is the land forces branch and the largest of the three defence service of the Bangladesh Armed Forces.

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Bangladesh Awami League

The Bangladesh Awami League (BAL) (বাংলাদেশ আওয়ামী লীগ; translated from Urdu: Bangladesh People's League), often simply called the Awami League or AL, is one of the two major political parties of Bangladesh.

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Bangladesh Liberation War

The Bangladesh Liberation War (মুক্তিযুদ্ধ), also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence, or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in what was then East Pakistan during the 1971 Bangladesh genocide.

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Battalion

A battalion is a military unit.

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Bengal

Bengal (Bānglā/Bôngô /) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal.

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Bengalis

Bengalis (বাঙালি), also rendered as the Bengali people, Bangalis and Bangalees, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group and nation native to the region of Bengal in the Indian subcontinent, which is presently divided between most of Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, Assam, Jharkhand.

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Biharis

The Biharis is a demonym given to the inhabitants of the Indian state of Bihar.

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Bogra

Bogra, officially known as Bogura, is a major city located in the Bogra District, Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh.

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Bogra District

Bogra District, officially known as Bogura District, is a northern district of Bangladesh, in the Rajshahi Division.

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Border Guards Bangladesh

The Border Guards Bangladesh (Bengali transliteration: বর্ডার গার্ড বাংলাদেশ; translated from English: বাংলাদেশ সীমান্ত রক্ষক; BGB), formerly known as the Bangladesh Rifles, is the oldest uniformed force in Bangladesh.

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Brahmanbaria

Brahmanbaria (ব্রাহ্মণবাড়ীয়া) is a historic city of Bangladesh.

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Brigade

A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.

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Brigadier general

Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.

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Cantonment

A cantonment is a military or police quarters.

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Captain (armed forces)

The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers.

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Chief of staff

The title chief of staff (or head of staff) identifies the leader of a complex organization, institution, or body of persons and it also may identify a principal staff officer (PSO), who is the coordinator of the supporting staff or a primary aide-de-camp to an important individual, such as a president or a senior military officer.

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Chittagong

Chittagong, officially known as Chattogram, is a major coastal city and financial centre in southeastern Bangladesh.

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Chuadanga District

Chuadanga (চুয়াডাঙ্গা;, pron: tʃuaɖaŋga), Chuadanga district or Chuadanga Zilla (চুয়াডাঙ্গা জেলা) is the name of a Western district (zilla) of Bangladesh.

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Colonel

Colonel ("kernel", abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks.

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Comilla

Comilla, officially known as Cumilla, is a city in the Chittagong Division of Bangladesh, located along the Dhaka-Chittagong Highway.

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Counter-insurgency

A counter-insurgency or counterinsurgency (COIN) can be defined as "comprehensive civilian and military efforts taken to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency and address its root causes".

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Cox's Bazar

Cox's Bazar (কক্সবাজার) is a city, fishing port, tourism centre and district headquarters in southeastern Bangladesh.

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Curfew

A curfew is an order specifying a time during which certain regulations apply.

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Daily Times (Pakistan)

The Daily Times (DT) is an English-language Pakistani newspaper.

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Der Spiegel

Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.

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Destroyer

In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.

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Dhaka

Dhaka (or; ঢাকা); formerly known as Dacca is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh.

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Dhanmondi Thana

Dhanmondi (ধানমন্ডি) is a residential area in Dhaka city, Bangladesh.

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Dinajpur District, Bangladesh

Dinajpur district (দিনাজপুর জেলা) is a district in the Rangpur Division of northern Bangladesh.

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Division (military)

A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.

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Double Mooring Thana

Double Mooring (ডবলমুরিং) is a Thana of Chittagong District in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh.

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East Bengal Regiment

The East Bengal Regiment (ইস্ট বেঙ্গল রেজিমেন্ট) is an infantry regiment of the Bangladesh Army.

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East Pakistan

East Pakistan was the eastern provincial wing of Pakistan between 1955 and 1971, covering the territory of the modern country Bangladesh.

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East Pakistan Central Peace Committee

East Pakistan Central Peace Committee (পূর্ব পাকিস্তান কেন্দ্রীয় শান্তি কমিটি; مشرقی پاکستان مرکزی امن کمیٹی), also known as the Nagorik Shanti Committee (Citizen's Peace Committee), or more commonly Peace Committee or Shanti Committee, was one of several committees formed in East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh) in 1971 by the Pakistan Army to aid its efforts in crushing the rebellion for Bangladesh independence.

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Field artillery

Field artillery is a category of mobile artillery used to support armies in the field.

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Fulbari Upazila

Phulbari (ফুলবাড়ী) is an Upazila of Dinajpur District in the Division of Rangpur Division, Bangladesh.

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Gazipur City

Gazipur (গাজীপুর) is a city in central Bangladesh.

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General officer commanding

The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.

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Glossary of French expressions in English

Around 45% of English vocabulary is of French origin, most coming from the Anglo-Norman spoken by the upper classes in England for several hundred years after the Norman Conquest, before the language settled into what became Modern English.

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Government in exile

A government in exile is a political group which claims to be a country or semi-sovereign state's legitimate government, but is unable to exercise legal power and instead resides in another state or foreign country.

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Guinness World Records

Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.

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Gul Hassan Khan

Gul Hassan Khan (گل حسن خان) (1921; b. 1921—10 October 1999), was a former lieutenant-general and the last Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Army, serving under President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto from 20 December 1971 until 3 March 1972.

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Habiganj District

Habiganj (Bengali: হবিগঞ্জ, Sylheti:ꠢꠛꠤꠉꠘ꠆ꠎ), formerly known as Habibganj, which was named after its founder Syed Habib Ullah of Taraf kingdom, is a district of the Sylhet Division in the north-eastern part of Bangladesh.

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Hamoodur Rahman Commission

The Hamoodur Rahman Commission (otherwise known as "War Enquiry Commission"), was a judicial inquiry commission that assessed Pakistan's political–military involvement in East-Pakistan from 1947 to 1971.

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Hindu

Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Indian Army

The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces.

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Indira Gandhi

Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (née Nehru; 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician, stateswoman and a central figure of the Indian National Congress.

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Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was a military confrontation between India and Pakistan that occurred during the liberation war in East Pakistan from 3 December 1971 to the fall of Dacca (Dhaka) on 16 December 1971.

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Irregular warfare

Irregular warfare is defined in US joint doctrine as “A violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant populations.” Irregular warfare favors indirect and asymmetric warfare approaches, though it may employ the full range of military and other capabilities, in order to erode the adversary’s power, influence, and will.

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Jamalpur District

Jamalpur (জামালপুর জেলা, Jamalpur Jela also Jamalpur Zila) is a district in Bangladesh, part of the Mymensingh Division.

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Jamuna River (Bangladesh)

The Jamuna River (যমুনা Jomuna) is one of the three main rivers of Bangladesh.

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Jessore (town)

Jessore, officially known as Jashore, যশোর) is a city in south-western Bangladesh. It is the capital of Jessore District. Jessore town consists of 9 wards and 73 mahalls. Jessore municipality was established in 1864. The area of the town is 25.72 km2. It has a population of 201,796 at the 2011 Census. The literacy rate among the townspeople is 56.57% in 1991.

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Jessore District

Jessore District, officially known as Jashore District, is a district in the southwestern region of Bangladesh.

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K M Shafiullah

Kazi Mohammed Shafiullah Bir Uttam (born: 2 September 1934) also known as K M Shafiullah, was a Bangladeshi general and the 1st (some says 2nd) Chief of Army Staff of the Bangladesh Army.

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Kalurghat

Kalurghat (কালুরঘাট) is located several miles north of the port city of Chittagong, Bangladesh, and is mostly famous for several heavy industries located there.

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Kaptai Upazila

Kaptai (কাপ্তাই) is an Upazila of Rangamati District in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh.

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Khaled Mosharraf

Khaled Mosharraf, Bir Uttom (খালেদ মোশাররফ) (born 1 November 1937 – died 7 November 1975) was a Bangladeshi military officer who was the Sector Commander of Bangladesh Forces Sector 2 and K-Force Brigade Commander during the Bangladesh War of Independence.

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Kharian

Kharian (کھارِیاں), is a city located within the Gujrat District of the Punjab province of Pakistan.

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Khulna

Khulna (খুলনা) is the third-largest city of Bangladesh.

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Killed in action

Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.

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Kolkata

Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.

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Kushtia District

Kushtia (কুষ্টিয়া জেলা, pronunciation: kuʃʈia) is a district in the Khulna administrative division of western Bangladesh.

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Lieutenant general

Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.

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Lockheed C-130 Hercules

The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin).

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Lockheed T-33

The Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star (or T-Bird) is a subsonic American jet trainer aircraft.

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M. A. G. Osmani

Muhammad Ataul Gani Osmani (মহম্মদ আতাউল গণি ওসমানী; 1 September 1918 – 16 February 1984), also known as Bangabir (the Hero of Bengal), was the commander-in-chief of the Bangladesh Forces during the 1971 Bangladesh War of Independence.

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M. A. Hannan

M.

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M24 Chaffee

The M24 Chaffee (officially Light Tank, M24) is an American light tank used during the later part of World War II; it was also used in post–World War II conflicts including the Korean War, and by the French in the War in Algeria and the First Indochina War.

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Major general

Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.

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Martial law

Martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normal civilian functions of government, especially in response to a temporary emergency such as invasion or major disaster, or in an occupied territory. Martial law can be used by governments to enforce their rule over the public.

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Mil Mi-8

The Mil Mi-8 (Ми-8, NATO reporting name: Hip) is a medium twin-turbine helicopter, originally designed by the Soviet Union, and now produced by Russia.

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Mirpur Model Thana

Mirpur (মীরপুর/মিরপুর) is a thana of Dhaka city, Bangladesh.

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Mitty Masud

Air Commodore Muhammad Zafar Masud, (Urdu: محمد مسعود ظفر;b. 1923 – 7 October 2003), also known as Mitty Masud, was a one star rank air force general in the Pakistan Air Force and a military strategist who is known his role as commander of the Eastern Air Command of the Eastern Command.

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Mizo people

The Mizo people (Mizo: Mizo hnam) are an ethnic group native to north-eastern India, western Burma (Myanmar) and eastern Bangladesh; this term covers several ethnic peoples who speak various northern and central Kuki-Chin languages.

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Mohammad Shariff

Admiral Mohammad Shariff Khan (Urdu: ايڈمرل محمد شريف; b.1920–7 July 2015,, was a four-star rank admiral and a memoirist who was at the center of all the major decisions made in Pakistan in the events involving the war with India in 1971, the enforcement of martial law in the country in 1977, and the decision in covertly intervening against Soviet Union in Afghanistan. Gaining commission in the Royal Indian Navy, he participated in the World War II on behalf of Great Britain before joining the Pakistan Navy in 1947 as one of the senior staff officer. In 1969, he was appointed Flag Officer Commanding of the Eastern Command of the Pakistan military in the East-Pakistan and led by the Eastern Naval Command during the civil war in East, followed by the foreign intervention by India in 1971. After the war, he was taken as war prisoner alongside with Lieutenant-General A.A.K Niazi after conceding of the surrender of Eastern Command to the Indian Army. He resumed his active military service in the Navy after his repatriation from India and was appointed the Chief of Naval Staff in 1975 after the sudden death of Vice-Admiral Hasan Ahmed. He has the distinction of being the first four-star admiral in the navy and was the first admiral to be appointed as Chairman joint chiefs committee in 1978 until 1980. As the Chairman Joint Chiefs Committee, he continued to advocate for an aggressive foreign policy and a strong nuclear deterrent against the foreign intervention. After retiring from the military in 1980, Shariff was appointed as chairman of Federal Public Service Commission while he continued his role as military adviser to President Zia-ul-Haq until 1988 when he retired from public service. After living a quiet life in Islamabad, he announced to publish his memoirs, "Admiral's Diary", on providing further accounts, causes, and failure of military crackdown in East Pakistan.

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Mohammadpur Thana

Mohammadpur (মোহাম্মদপুর) is a thana of Dhaka District in the division of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

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Moulvibazar District

Moulvibazar (মৌলভীবাজার, ꠝꠃꠟꠅꠤꠛꠣꠎꠣꠞ) also spelled Maulvibazar, Moulavibazar, and Maulavibazar, is a district of Sylhet Division in North-Eastern Bangladesh.

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Muhammad Hussain Janjua

Sowar Muhammad Hussain was a soldier on the Pakistan Army and the first soldier to be awarded Nishan-e-Haider.

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Mukti Bahini

The Mukti Bahini (মুক্তি বাহিনী translates as 'Freedom Fighters', or Liberation Forces; also known as the Bangladesh Forces) is a popular Bengali term which refers to the guerrilla resistance movement formed by the Bangladeshi military, paramilitary and civilians during the War of Liberation that transformed East Pakistan into Bangladesh in 1971.

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N1 (Bangladesh)

The N1 or Dhaka–Chittagong Highway is a main transportation artery in Bangladesh, between Dhaka and Chittagong.

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Naga people

The Naga people are an ethnic group conglomerating of several tribes native to the North Eastern part of India and north-western Myanmar (Burma).

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Naogaon

Naogaon (নওগাঁ Nôogã) is a town in northern Bangladesh.

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Narail District

Narail (নড়াইল pron:nɔɽail) is a district in south-western Bangladesh.

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Nilphamari District

Nilphamari (নীলফামারী জেলা, Nilphamari Jela also Nilphamari Zila) is a district in Northern Bangladesh.

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Noakhali District

Noakhali (নোয়াখালী জেলা.) is a district in South-eastern Bangladesh.

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North American F-86 Sabre

The North American F-86 Sabre, sometimes called the Sabrejet, is a transonic jet fighter aircraft.

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Oli Ahmad

Oli Ahmad, Bir Bikram, is a former Bangladeshi soldier, former freedom fighter and now a politician.

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Operation Chengiz Khan

Operation Chengiz Khan was the code name assigned to the preemptive strikes carried out by the Pakistani Air Force (PAF) on the forward airbases and radar installations of the Indian Air Force (IAF) on the evening of 3 December 1971, and marked the formal initiation of hostilities of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.

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Operation Jackpot

Operation Jackpot was the codename for several military operations during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.

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Pabna

Pabna (পাবনা) is a city of Pabna District, Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh and the administrative capital of eponymous Pabna District.

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Padma River

The Padma (পদ্মা ''Pôdda'') is a major river in Bangladesh.

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Pakistan Air Force

The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) (پاک فِضائیہ—, or alternatively پاکیستان هاوایی فوج, reporting name: PAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces, tasked primarily with the aerial defence of Pakistan, with a secondary role of providing air support to the Pakistan Army and the Pakistan Navy.

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Pakistan Armed Forces

The Pakistan Armed Forces (پاکستان مُسَلّح افواج, Pākistān Musallah Afwāj) are the military forces of Pakistan.

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Pakistan Armed Forces Eastern Command

The Eastern Military High Command of the Pakistan Armed Forces was a field-level military command headed by an appointed senior 3-star officer, who was designated the Unified Commander of the Eastern Military High Command.

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Pakistan Army

Pakistan Army (پاک فوج Pak Fauj (IPA: pɑk fɒ~ɔd͡ʒ); Reporting name: PA) is the land-based force of the Pakistan Armed Forces.

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Pakistan International Airlines

Pakistan International Airlines (پاکستان انٹرنیشنل ایئر لائنز) commonly referred to by the abbreviation PIA (پی‌آئی‌اے) is the national flag carrier of Pakistan.

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Pakistan Navy

The Pakistan Navy (rtl; Pɑkistan Bahri'a) (reporting name: PN) is the naval warfare branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces, responsible for Pakistan's of coastline along the Arabian Sea, and the defence of important civilian harbours and military bases.

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Pakistan Peoples Party

The Pakistan Peoples Party (پاکِستان پیپلز پارٹی, commonly referred to as the PPP) is a left-wing, socialist-progressive political party of Pakistan.

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Pakistani general election, 1970

General elections were held in Pakistan on 7 December 1970.

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Pakistani order of battle for Operation Searchlight in 1971

The Pakistani plan for a military action which commenced on March 25, 1971 in the then East Pakistan was code-named Operation Searchlight.

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Pashtuns

The Pashtuns (or; پښتانه Pax̌tānə; singular masculine: پښتون Pax̌tūn, feminine: پښتنه Pax̌tana; also Pukhtuns), historically known as ethnic Afghans (افغان, Afğān) and Pathans (Hindustani: پٹھان, पठान, Paṭhān), are an Iranic ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan.

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Persecution of Biharis in Bangladesh

The Bihari Muslim minority in Bangladesh (also known as Stranded Pakistanis) were subject to persecution during and after the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War, (called the Civil War in Pakistan) experiencing widespread discrimination.

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Pilkhana, Bangladesh

Pilkhana is a place within Dhaka City in Bangladesh.

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President of Pakistan

The President of Pakistan (صدر مملکت پاکستان —), is the ceremonial head of state of Pakistan and a figurehead who represents the "unity of the Republic." in Chapter 1: The President, Part III: The Federation of Pakistan in the Constitution of Pakistan.

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Prime Minister of Bangladesh

The Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Bangladesh (translit) is the Head of the Government of Bangladesh.

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Prisoner of war

A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.

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Provisional Government of Bangladesh

The Provisional Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh was established following the declaration of independence of East Pakistan on 10 April 1971.

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Punjabis

The Punjabis (Punjabi:, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ), or Punjabi people, are an ethnic group associated with the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent, who speak Punjabi, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family.

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Quetta

Quetta (کوټه; کویته; کوٹه; کوئٹہ) is the provincial capital and largest city of Balochistan, Pakistan.

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Rajarbagh

Rajarbagh is a residential area of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

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Rajshahi

Rajshahi (রাজশাহী,; historically Rampur Boalia; nicknamed Silk City) is a metropolitan city in Bangladesh and a major urban, commercial and educational centre of North Bengal.

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Ramgarh Upazila

Ramgarh (রামগড়) is an Upazila of Khagrachari District in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh.

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Ramna Kali Mandir

The Ramna Kali Mandir (রমনা কালী মন্দির) was a temple in Dhaka begun in the time of the Mughal Empire.

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Rangamati

Rangamati (রাঙামাটি) (Chakma: 𑄢𑄋𑄟𑄖𑄳𑄡) is the administrative headquarters of Rangamati Hill District in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh.

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Rangpur City

Rangpur (রংপুর) is one of the major cities in Bangladesh and Rangpur Division.

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Rao Farman Ali

Rao Farman Ali (Urdu: راؤ فرمان علی; English IPA: Rəoʊ Fərmən ɑlɪ; 1 January 1923 – 20 January 2004), was a two-star general in the Pakistan Army and former political figure who is widely accused as a "conspirator" of the civil war in East Pakistan and one of directly responsible of committing the mass atrocities in East Pakistan.

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Razakar (Pakistan)

Razakar (رضاکار, literally "volunteer"; রাজাকার) was an anti-Bangladesh paramilitary force organised by the Pakistan Army in Bangladesh during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.

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Realpolitik

Realpolitik (from real; "realistic", "practical", or "actual"; and Politik; "politics") is politics or diplomacy based primarily on considerations of given circumstances and factors, rather than explicit ideological notions or moral and ethical premises.

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Rear admiral

Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank above that of a commodore (U.S equivalent of Commander) and captain, and below that of a vice admiral.

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Recoilless rifle

A recoilless rifle (RCLR) or recoilless gun is a type of lightweight tube artillery that is designed to allow some of the propellant gases to escape out the rear of the weapon at the moment of ignition, creating forward thrust that counteracts some of the weapon's recoil.

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Resistance (military)

In military terminology, resistance or organised resistance refers to the ability of a military unit to continue to oppose an attack.

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Resistance movement

A resistance movement is an organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to withstand the legally established government or an occupying power and to disrupt civil order and stability.

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Saidpur, Bangladesh

Saidpur (Syedpur) (bn:সৈয়দপুর Saiy.adpur) is a city of Nilphamari district in Rangpur Division of Bangladesh.

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Sarail Upazila

Sarail (সরাইল) is an Upazila of Brahmanbaria District in Chittagong Division, Bangladesh.

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Shafaat Jamil

Shafaat Jamil (শাফায়াত জামিল), Bir Bikrom (1 March 1940 – 11 August 2012) was a Bangladesh Army colonel.

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Shaheed Minar, Dhaka

The Shaheed Minar (শহীদ মিনার Shohid Minar lit. "Martyr Monument") is a national monument in Dhaka, Bangladesh, established to commemorate those killed during the Bengali Language Movement demonstrations of 1952 in then East Pakistan.

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Shahjalal International Airport

Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport (হযরত শাহ্‌জালাল আন্তর্জাতিক বিমানবন্দর Hôzrôt Shahjalal Antôrjatik Bimanbôndôr), formerly known as Dacca International Airport and Zia International Airport, is the largest airport in Bangladesh.

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Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (শেখ মুজিবুর রহমান);; (17 March 1920 – 15 August 1975), shortened as Sheikh Mujib or just Mujib, was a Bengali politician and statesman.

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Sherpur District

Sherpur (শেরপুর জেলা, Sherpur Jela also Sherpur Zila) is a district in central Bangladesh.

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Sindhis

Sindhis (سنڌي (Perso-Arabic), सिन्धी (Devanagari), (Khudabadi)) are an Indo-Aryan ethno-linguistic group who speak the Sindhi language and are native to the Sindh province of Pakistan, which was previously a part of pre-partition British India.

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Six point movement

The Six Point Movement was a movement in East Pakistan, spearheaded by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, which called for greater autonomy for East Pakistan.

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Sunamganj District

Sunamganj (Bengali: সুনামগঞ্জ, Sylheti: ꠡꠥꠘꠣꠝꠉꠘ꠆ꠎ) is a district located in north-eastern Bangladesh within the Sylhet Division.

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Syed Mohammad Ahsan

Vice-Admiral Syed Mohammad Ahsan (ﺴﻴﺩ ﻣﺤﻣﺪ ﺍﺣﺴﻦ b. 1920 – d. 1989), often known as S. M. Ahsan, was a three-star rank admiral in the Pakistan Navy, politician, and the Commander in Chief of the Pakistan Navy, serving under President Ayub Khan from 1966 until 1969.

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Sylhet

Sylhet (সিলেট, ꠍꠤꠟꠐ), also known as Jalalabad, the spiritual capital; is a metropolitan city in northeastern Bangladesh.

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Tajuddin Ahmad

Tajuddin Ahmad (তাজউদ্দীন আহমদ; 23 July 1925 – 3 November 1975) was a Bangladeshi statesman and freedom fighter.

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Tangail

Tangail (টাঙ্গাইল) is a city of Dhaka Division in the central region of Bangladesh 98 km north-west of Dhaka, the capital.

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Tejgaon Airport

Tejgaon Airport in Dhaka, Bangladesh served as the country's sole international airport prior to the construction of Shahjalal International Airport.

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Teknaf Upazila

Teknaf (টেকনাফ Ṭeknaf) is an Upazila of Cox's Bazar District in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh.

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Thakurgaon District

Thakurgaon (ঠাকুরগাঁও জেলা, Thakurgaon Jela also Thakurgaon Zila) is a district in the north-western side of Bangladesh.

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The Daily Ittefaq

The Daily Ittefaq (দৈনিক ইত্তেফাক translit. Doinik Ittefak) is a Bengali-language daily newspaper.

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Tikka Khan

General Tikka Khan (ٹِکّا خان), (February 1915 – 28 March 2002),, was a four-star rank army general in the Pakistan Army who served as the first chief of army staff from 3 March 1972 till retiring on 1 March 1976.

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Tongi

Tongi (টঙ্গী) is a township in Gazipur, Bangladesh, with a population of 350,000.

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Unconditional surrender

An unconditional surrender is a surrender in which no guarantees are given to the surrendering party.

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University of Dhaka

The University of Dhaka (ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়, also known as Dhaka University or simply DU) is the oldest university in modern Bangladesh.

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War crime

A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility.

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West Pakistan

West Pakistan (مغربی پاکستان,; পশ্চিম পাকিস্তান) was one of the two exclaves created at the formation of the modern State of Pakistan following the 1947 Partition of India.

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Yahya Khan

Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan (آغا محمد یحییٰ خان; 4 February 1917 – 10 August 1980), widely known as Yahya Khan,, was the third President of Pakistan, serving in this post from 25 March 1969 until turning over his presidency in December 1971.

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Ziaur Rahman

Ziaur Rahman (জিয়াউর রহমান Ji-yaur Rôhman; 19 January 1936 – 30 May 1981) was the 7th President of Bangladesh.

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Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (5 January 1928 – 4 April 1979) was a Pakistani politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that as the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973.

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1971 Bangladesh genocide

The genocide in Bangladesh began on 26 March 1971 with the launch of Operation Searchlight, as West Pakistan began a military crackdown on the Eastern wing of the nation to suppress Bengali calls for self-determination rights.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Searchlight

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