109 relations: Aix-en-Provence, Ajaccio, Amiens, Antoine Béthouart, Antwerp, Army Group Oberrhein (Germany), Army of Africa (France), Ars-Laquenexy, Avre (Somme), Baden, Bastia, Battle of Anzio, Battle of France, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of the Bulge, Belfort Gap, Bergerac, Dordogne, Besançon, Black Forest, Breda, Bregenz, Brigadier general, Calais, Cavalry School, Colmar, Colmar Pocket, Commando, Corps, Corsica, Dordogne (river), Doubs (river), Dunkirk, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Elba, Flamethrower, France, French Algeria, French Army, French Forces of the Interior, French Resistance, Freudenstadt, Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin, Grande Armée, Grandes Unités Françaises, Henry Maitland Wilson, History of the Great War, Huningue, Italian Army, Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, Jura Mountains, ..., Karlsruhe, La Ferté-Saint-Aubin, Lake Constance, Lieutenant general, Lille, Loire, Luftwaffe, Major general, Mobilization, Montpellier, Mulhouse, Nancy, France, Netherlands, Nonette (river), Norwegian Campaign, Oise (river), Operation Dragoon, Operation Nordwind, Operation Torch, Péronne, Somme, Piombino, Portoferraio, Ravensburg, Reconnaissance, Rhône, Rhine, Rouffach, Royal Navy, Royal Netherlands Army, Saint-Quentin, Aisne, Sardinia, Saumur, Scheldt, Seine, Seventh Army (France), Seventh United States Army, Somme (river), Spahi, St Anton am Arlberg, Strasbourg, Switzerland, Tabor (Morocco), Thiviers, Tirailleur, Trier, Ulm, Victory in Europe Day, Vosges, Württemberg, Western Front (World War II), Wuustwezel, XXI Corps (United States), 11th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 19th Army (Wehrmacht), 1st Armored Division (France), 1st Army (France), 2nd Infantry Division (France), 7th Armoured Division (France), 90th Light Infantry Division (Wehrmacht). Expand index (59 more) » « Shrink index
Aix-en-Provence (Provençal Occitan: Ais de Provença in classical norm, or Ais de Prouvènço in Mistralian norm,, Aquae Sextiae), or simply Aix (medieval Occitan Aics), is a city-commune in the south of France, about north of Marseille.
Ajaccio is a French commune, prefecture of the department of Corse-du-Sud, and head office of the Collectivité territoriale de Corse (capital city of Corsica).
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
Marie Émile Antoine Béthouart (17 December 1889 – 17 October 1982) was a French Army general who served during World War I and World War II.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
The Upper Rhine High Command (Oberkommando Oberrhein), also incorrectly referred to as Army Group Upper Rhine (Heeresgruppe Oberrhein), was a short-lived headquarters unit of the German Armed Forces (Wehrmacht) created on the Western Front during World War II.
The Army of Africa (Armée d’Afrique) was an unofficial but commonly used term for those portions of the French Army recruited from or normally stationed in French North Africa (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia) from 1830 until the end of the Algerian War in 1962.
Ars-Laquenexy (Ars bei Kenchen) is a commune in the Moselle department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
The Avre is a river in Picardie and is the principal tributary, from the left side, of the Somme.
Baden is a historical German territory.
Bastia (Bastìa) (Corsican and Italian pronunciation) is a French commune in the Haute-Corse department of France located in the north-east of the island of Corsica at the base of Cap Corse.
The Battle of Anzio was a battle of the Italian Campaign of World War II that took place from January 22, 1944 (beginning with the Allied amphibious landing known as Operation Shingle) to June 5, 1944 (ending with the capture of Rome).
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
The Belfort Gap (Trouée de Belfort) or Burgundian Gate (Burgundische Pforte) is a plateau located between the northern rim of the Jura Mountains and the southernmost part of the Vosges in France.
Bergerac is a commune and a sub-prefecture of the Dordogne department in southwestern France.
Besançon (French and Arpitan:; archaic Bisanz, Vesontio) is the capital of the department of Doubs in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.
The Black Forest (Schwarzwald) is a large forested mountain range in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwest Germany.
Breda is a city and municipality in the southern part of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Brabant.
Bregenz is the capital of Vorarlberg, the westernmost federal state of Austria.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.
The Cavalry school (Ecole de cavalerie) is a French military training establishment at Saumur.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Colmar (Alsatian: Colmer; German during 1871–1918 and 1940–1945: Kolmar) is the third-largest commune of the Alsace region in north-eastern France.
The Colmar Pocket (Poche de Colmar; Brückenkopf Elsass) was the area held in central Alsace, France, by the German Nineteenth Army from November 1944 to February 1945, against the U.S. 6th Army Group (6th AG) during World War II.
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.
The Dordogne (Dordonha, La Dordogne) is a river in south-central and southwest France.
The Doubs (Le Doubs,, Dub) is a long river in eastern France and western Switzerland, left tributary of the Saône.
Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
Elba (isola d'Elba,; Ilva; Ancient Greek: Αἰθαλία, Aithalia) is a Mediterranean island in Tuscany, Italy, from the coastal town of Piombino, and the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago.
A flamethrower is a mechanical incendiary device designed to project a long, controllable stream of fire.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
French Algeria (Alger to 1839, then Algérie afterwards; unofficially Algérie française, االجزائر المستعمرة), also known as Colonial Algeria, began in 1830 with the invasion of Algiers and lasted until 1962, under a variety of governmental systems.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
The French Forces of the Interior (Forces Françaises de l'Intérieur) refers to French resistance fighters in the later stages of World War II.
The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.
Freudenstadt is a town in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.
Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin (4 September 1891 – 9 January 1963) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Grande Armée (French for Great Army) was the army commanded by Napoleon during the Napoleonic Wars.
Grandes Unités Françaises (full title: Guerre 1939-1945 Les Grandes Unités Françaises) is a monumental six-volume (the fifth volume is actually composed of four separate works) World War II order of battle and military unit history reference compiled by the historical service of the chief of staff of the French Army.
Field Marshal Henry Maitland Wilson, 1st Baron Wilson, (5 September 1881 – 31 December 1964), also known as Jumbo Wilson, was a senior British Army officer of the 20th century.
The History of the Great War Based on Official Documents by Direction of the Committee of Imperial Defence (abbreviated to History of the Great War or British Official History) is a series of concerning the war effort of the British state during the First World War.
Huningue (Alsatian: Hinige) is a commune in the Haut-Rhin department of Alsace in north-eastern France.
The Italian Army (Italian: Esercito Italiano) is the land defence force of the Italian Armed Forces of the Italian Republic.
Jean Joseph Marie Gabriel de Lattre de Tassigny, GCB, MC (2 February 1889 – 11 January 1952) was a French military commander in World War II and the First Indochina War.
The Jura Mountains (locally; Massif du Jura; Juragebirge; Massiccio del Giura) are a sub-alpine mountain range located north of the Western Alps, mainly following the course of the France–Switzerland border.
Karlsruhe (formerly Carlsruhe) is the second-largest city in the state of Baden-Württemberg, in southwest Germany, near the French-German border.
La Ferté-Saint-Aubin is a commune in the Loiret department in north-central France.
Lake Constance (Bodensee) is a lake on the Rhine at the northern foot of the Alps, and consists of three bodies of water: the Obersee or Upper Lake Constance, the Untersee or Lower Lake Constance, and a connecting stretch of the Rhine, called the Seerhein.
Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
The Loire (Léger; Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
Mobilization, in military terminology, is the act of assembling and readying troops and supplies for war.
Montpellier (Montpelhièr) is a city in southern France.
Mulhouse (Alsatian: Milhüsa or Milhüse,;; i.e. mill house) is a city and commune in eastern France, close to the Swiss and German borders.
Nancy (Nanzig) is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The Nonette is a tributary to the river Oise in northern France.
The Norwegian Campaign (9 April to 10 June 1940) was fought in Norway between Norway, the Allies and Germany in World War II after the latter's invasion of the country.
The Oise is a river of Belgium and France, flowing for from its source in the Belgian province of Hainaut, south of Chimay.
Operation Dragoon (initially Operation Anvil) was the code name for the Allied invasion of Southern France on 15August 1944.
Operation North Wind (Unternehmen Nordwind) was the last major German offensive of World War II on the Western Front.
Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942, formerly Operation Gymnast) was a Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa, during the North African Campaign of the Second World War.
Péronne is a commune of the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Piombino is an Italian town and comune of about 35,000 inhabitants in the province of Livorno (Tuscany).
Portoferraio is a town and comune in the province of Livorno, on the edge of the eponymous harbour of the island of Elba.
Ravensburg is a town in Upper Swabia in Southern Germany, capital of the district of Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
The Rhône (Le Rhône; Rhone; Walliser German: Rotten; Rodano; Rôno; Ròse) is one of the major rivers of Europe and has twice the average discharge of the Loire (which is the longest French river), rising in the Rhône Glacier in the Swiss Alps at the far eastern end of the Swiss canton of Valais, passing through Lake Geneva and running through southeastern France.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
Rouffach (German and Alsatian: Rufach) is a commune in the Haut-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Netherlands Army (Koninklijke Landmacht (KL), "Royal Army") is the land forces element of the military of the Netherlands.
Saint-Quentin is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Saumur is a commune in the Maine-et-Loire department in western France.
The Scheldt (l'Escaut, Escô, Schelde) is a long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands.
The Seine (La Seine) is a river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.
The Seventh Army (VIIe Armée) was a field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.
The Seventh Army was a United States army created during World War II that evolved into the United States Army Europe (USAREUR) during the 1950s and 1960s.
The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.
Spahis were light cavalry regiments of the French army recruited primarily from the indigenous populations of Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco.
Sankt Anton am Arlberg, commonly referred to as St.
Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Tabor was the designation given to an irregular unit of indigenous infantry and cavalry recruited in Morocco during the period of French intervention and occupation (1908-56).
Thiviers (Tivier) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
A tirailleur, in the Napoleonic era, was a type of light infantry trained to skirmish ahead of the main columns.
Trier (Tréier), formerly known in English as Treves (Trèves) and Triers (see also names in other languages), is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle.
Ulm is a city in the federal German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the River Danube.
Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, celebrated on May 8, 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.
The Vosges (or; Vogesen), also called the Vosges Mountains, are a range of low mountains in eastern France, near its border with Germany.
Württemberg is a historical German territory.
The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.
Wuustwezel is a municipality located in the north of the Belgian province of Antwerp.
The XXI Corps was a corps of the U.S. Army during World War II.
The 11th Panzer Division (11th Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1940.
The 19th Army (German: 19. Armee) was a World War II field army of the German Army.
The 1st Armored Division (1re Division Blindée, 1re DB) is a unit of the French Army formed during World War II.
The First Army (1re Armée) was a field army of France that fought during World War I and World War II.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The French Infantry Division (2e Division d'Infanterie, 2e DI) was one of the oldest divisions of the French army.
The 7th Armoured Division (7e Division Blindée, 7e DB) was an armoured division of the French Army.
The 90th Light Infantry Division was a light infantry division of the German Army during World War II that served in North Africa as well as Sardinia and Italy.