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A1 Grand Prix (A1GP) was a 'single make' open wheel auto racing series.
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A1 Team Switzerland is the Swiss team of A1 Grand Prix, an international racing series.
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Aarau (locally) is the capital of the northern Swiss canton of Aargau.
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The Aare or Aar is a tributary of the High Rhine and the longest river that both rises and ends entirely within Switzerland.
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The Canton of Aargau (German Kanton; rarely anglicized Argovia; see also other names) is one of the more northerly cantons of Switzerland.
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ABB (ASEA Brown Boveri) is a multinational corporation headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland, operating mainly in robotics and the power and automation technology areas.
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Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), also known as Shanghai Ranking, is an annual publication of university rankings by Shanghai Ranking Consultancy.
The Act of Mediation was issued by Napoleon Bonaparte on 19 February 1803 establishing the Swiss Confederation.
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Adecco S.A. is a Swiss multinational human resource consulting company based in Glattbrugg, Switzerland.
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Adrian Richard West Room (27 September 1933, Melksham – 6 November 2010, Stamford)Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2002; accessed 20 May 2013.
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Aegidius (or Giles) Tschudi (5 February 1505 – 28 February 1572) was an eminent member of the Tschudi family, of Glarus, Switzerland.
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Agnosticism is the view that the truth values of certain claims – especially metaphysical and religious claims such as whether or not God, the divine or the supernatural exist – are unknown and perhaps unknowable.
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The Agri Decumates or Decumates Agri were a region of the Roman Empire's provinces of Germania superior ("Upper Germania") and Raetia; covering the Black Forest, Swabian Jura, and Franconian Jura areas between the Rhine, Main, and Danube rivers; in present southwestern Germany, including present Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Freiburg im Breisgau, and Weißenburg in Bayern.
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Aigle is the capital of the district of Aigle in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.
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Ain (Arpitan: En) is a department named after the Ain River on the eastern edge of France.
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Alain Berset (born 9 April 1972) is a Swiss politician of the Social Democratic Party.
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Alain Menu (born 9 August 1963 in Geneva) is a Swiss racing driver who is currently working for Team BMR as a driving coach.
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Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist.
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The Alemanni (also Alamanni; Suebi "Swabians") were a confederation of Germanic tribes on the upper Rhine river.
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Gressoney, Issime and Rimella Alemannic (German) is a group of dialects of the Upper German branch of the Germanic language family.
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The Aletsch Glacier (German: Aletschgletscher) or Great Aletsch Glacier (German: Grosser Aletschgletscher) is the largest glacier in the Alps.
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Alinghi is the syndicate set up by Ernesto Bertarelli, racing under the colors of the Société Nautique de Genève, to challenge for the America's Cup, as well as other competitions.
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The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that opposed the Axis powers together during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The alphorn or alpenhorn or alpine horn is a labrophone, consisting of a wooden natural horn of conical bore, having a wooden cup-shaped mouthpiece, used by mountain dwellers in Switzerland and elsewhere.
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The Alps (Alpi; Alpes; Alpen; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, stretching approximately across eight Alpine countries: Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland.
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AlpTransit, also known as New Railway Link through the Alps, NRLA (Neue Eisenbahn-Alpentransversale, NEAT, nouvelle ligne ferroviaire à travers les Alpes, NLFA, Nuova ferrovia transalpina, NFTA), is Switzerland's largest-ever construction project for faster north-south rail links across the Swiss Alps by constructing a series of "base tunnels" several hundred metres below the current tunnels.
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Altdorf (German for "old village") is the capital of the Swiss canton of Uri.
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The America's Cup, affectionately known as the "Auld Mug", is a trophy awarded to the winner of the America's Cup match races between two sailing yachts.
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Ancient Greek includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
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The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
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The anti-nuclear movement is a social movement that opposes various nuclear technologies.
Claudio Castagnoli (born December 27, 1980), better known by his ring name Cesaro (shortened from Antonio Cesaro, used in previous WWE years), is a Swiss professional wrestler who is currently signed to WWE.
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Appenzell is the capital of the canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden in Switzerland.
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The Canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden (in English sometimes Appenzell Outer Rhodes) is a canton of Switzerland.
The Canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden (in English sometimes Appenzell Inner Rhodes) is the smallest canton of Switzerland by population and the second smallest by area, with Basel-City being the smallest.
The armed forces of a country are its government-sponsored defense, fighting forces, and organizations.
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Armed neutrality, in international politics, is the posture of a state or group of states which makes no alliance with either side in a war, but asserts that it will defend itself against resulting incursions from all parties.
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An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.
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Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
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Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities.
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Auguste Antoine Piccard (28 January 1884 – 24 March 1962) was a Swiss physicist, inventor and explorer.
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Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.5 million people in Central Europe.
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Authoritarianism is a form of government.
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Aventicum was the largest town and capital of Roman Switzerland (Helvetia or Civitas Helvetiorum).
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The Axis powers (Achsenmächte, 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku, Potenze dell'Asse), also known as the Axis, were the nations that fought in the Second World War against the Allied forces.
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The École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL, English: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne) is a research university in Lausanne, Switzerland, that specialises in physical sciences and engineering.
A bank is a financial intermediary that creates credit by lending money to a borrower, thereby creating a corresponding deposit on the bank's balance sheet.
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The Bank for International Settlements (BIS; Banque des règlements internationaux, BRI) is an international company limited by shares owned by central banks which "fosters international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as a bank for central banks".
Barry Callebaut is among the world's largest cocoa producers and grinders, with an average annual production of 1.7 million tonnes of cocoa.
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Basel (or; or less often used Basle; Basel; Bâle; Basilea; Basilea) is Switzerland's third most populous city (behind Zürich and Geneva) with about 195,000 inhabitants.
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The Canton of Basel-Landschaft (German: "Basel-Country"; informally: Baselland/Baselbiet, in French Bâle-Campagne), is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland.
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The Canton of Basel-Stadt (German: "Basel-City"; in French Bâle-Ville, in Italian Basilea Città) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland.
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A bathyscaphe is a free-diving self-propelled deep-sea submersible, consisting of a crew cabin similar to a bathysphere, but suspended below a float rather than from a surface cable, as in the classic bathysphere design.
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The Battle of Bibracte was fought between the Helvetii and six Roman legions, under the command of Gaius Julius Caesar.
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The Battle of Marignano was fought during the phase of the Italian Wars (1494–1559) called the War of the League of Cambrai, between France and the Old Swiss Confederacy.
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The Battle of Näfels was fought on 9 April 1388 between Glarus with their allies, the Old Swiss Confederation, and the Habsburgs.
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The Battle of Sempach was fought on 9 July 1386, between Leopold III, Duke of Austria and the Old Swiss Confederacy.
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Büsingen am Hochrhein ("Buesingen on the High Rhine"), commonly known as Büsingen, is a German town entirely surrounded by the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen and, south across the High Rhine, by the Swiss cantons of Zürich and Thurgau.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
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Bellinzona (Bellinzone,; archaic Bellenz; Latin Bilitio) is the capital of the canton Ticino in Switzerland.
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The city of Bern or Berne (Bern,; Berne; Berna; Berna; Bernese German: Bärn) is the de facto capital of Switzerland, referred to by the Swiss as their (e.g. in German) Bundesstadt, or "federal city".
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Bern Airport, formerly Regionalflugplatz Bern-Belp in German, is an airport serving Bern, the capital of Switzerland.
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The Bernese Alps are a mountain range of the Alps, located in western Switzerland.
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The Bernina Range is a mountain range in the Alps of eastern Switzerland and northern Italy.
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Biberist is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt in the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland.
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A bicameral legislature is one in which the legislators are divided into two separate assemblies, chambers or houses.
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Bilateralism refers to the political, economic, or cultural relations between two sovereign states.
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Frédéric-Louis Sauser (September 1, 1887 – January 21, 1961), better known as Blaise Cendrars, was a Swiss-born novelist and poet who became a naturalized French citizen in 1916.
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Bobsleigh or bobsled is a winter sport in which teams of two or four teammates make timed runs down narrow, twisting, banked, iced tracks in a gravity-powered sled.
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A border checkpoint is a place, generally between two countries, where travellers or goods are inspected.
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Brugg is a municipality in the Swiss canton of Aargau and is the seat of the district of the same name.
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Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the city of Brussels which de jure is the capital of Belgium, the French Community of Belgium, and the Flemish Community.
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Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").
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Burgundy (Bourgogne) is an administrative and historical region of east-central France.
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Campione d'Italia is an Italian comune (municipality) of the Province of Como in the Lombardy region, and an Italian exclave within the Swiss canton of Ticino, separated from the rest of Italy by mountains.
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The Canton of Bern (Kanton Bern,; Canton de Berne) is the second largest of the 26 Swiss cantons by both surface area and population.
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The Canton of Fribourg is a canton of Switzerland.
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The Republic and Canton of Geneva (République et Canton de Genève; Rèpublica et Canton de Geneva; Republik und Kanton Genf; Repubblica e Canton Ginevra; Republica e Chantun Genevra) is the French-speaking westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France.
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The Canton of Glarus is a canton in east central Switzerland.
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The Republic and Canton of the Jura (République et Canton du Jura), also known as the Canton of Jura or Canton Jura, is one of the cantons of Switzerland.
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The Canton of Lucerne (Kanton Luzern) is a canton of Switzerland.
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The Republic and Canton of Neuchâtel (Canton de Neuchâtel) is a canton of French-speaking western Switzerland.
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The Canton of Schaffhausen (German) is a canton of Switzerland.
Schwyz is a canton in central Switzerland between the Alps in the south, Lake Lucerne to the west and Lake Zurich in the north, centered on and named after the town of Schwyz.
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The Canton of Solothurn (German) is a canton of Switzerland.
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The Canton of St.
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The Canton of Uri (German: Kanton) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland and a founding member of the Swiss Confederation.
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The Canton of Zürich (Kanton) has a population (as of) of.
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The Canton of Zug is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland.
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The 26 cantons of Switzerland (Kanton, canton, cantone, chantun) are the member states of the Swiss Confederation.
The Carolingian Empire (800–924) was the final stage in the history of the early medieval realm of the Franks, ruled by the Carolingian dynasty.
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The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.
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Central Europe (archaically "Middle Europe") is a region lying between the variously defined areas of the Eastern and Western parts of the European continent.
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Central European Summer Time (CEST) is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC + one hour) during the rest of the year.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of the European Union, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Central Switzerland is the region of the Alpine foothills geographically the heart and historically the origin of Switzerland, with the cantons of Uri, Schwyz, Obwalden, Nidwalden, Lucerne and Zug.
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The European Organization for Nuclear Research (French: Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (derived from the name "Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire"; see ''History'') is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.
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Charlemagne (2 April 742/747/748Karl Ferdinand Werner: Das Geburtsdatum Karls des Großen, in: Francia 1, 1973, pp. 115–157;Matthias Becher: Neue Überlegungen zum Geburtsdatum Karls des Großen, in: Francia 19/1, 1992, pp. 37-60;R. McKitterick: Charlemagne. Cambridge 2008, p. 72.28 January 814), also known as Charles the Great (Carolus or Karolus Magnus) or Charles I, was King of the Franks who united most of Western Europe during the early Middle Ages and laid the foundations for modern France and Germany.
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Charles the Bold (Charles le Téméraire, Karel de Stoute, 10 November 1433 – 5 January 1477), baptised Charles Martin, was Duke of Burgundy from 1467 to 1477.
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Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz (September 24, 1878 – May 23, 1947) was a French-speaking Swiss writer.
Chasselas or Chasselas blanc is a wine grape variety grown in Switzerland, France, Germany, Portugal, Hungary, Romania and New Zealand.
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Cheese is a food derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.
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The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals.
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Chinook winds, or simply chinooks, are foehn winds in the interior West of North America, where the Canadian Prairies and Great Plains meet various mountain ranges, although the original usage is in reference to wet, warm coastal winds in the Pacific Northwest.
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Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brown, food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted and ground, often flavored, as with vanilla.
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The Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland (Christlichdemokratische Volkspartei der Schweiz, CVP; Parti Démocrate-Chrétien, PDC; Partito Popolare Democratico, PPD; Partida Cristiandemocratica, PCD) is a Christian democratic political party in Switzerland.
ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
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Chur or Coire (or; Coira; Cuira or; Coire)Others: CVRIA, CVRIA RHAETORVM and CVRIA RAETORVM is the capital of the Swiss canton of Graubünden and lies in the northern part of the canton.
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Circa, usually abbreviated c., ca or ca. (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages including English, usually in reference to a date.
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The Cisalpine Republic (Repubblica Cisalpina) was a French client republic in Northern Italy that lasted from 1797 to 1802.
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Gianclaudio Giuseppe "Clay" Regazzoni (5 September 1939 – 15 December 2006) was a Swiss racing car driver.
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Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
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Clovis (Latin: Chlodovechus; reconstructed Frankish: *Hlodowig; c. 466 – c. 511) was the first king of the Franks to unite all of the Frankish tribes under one ruler, changing the form of leadership from a group of royal chieftains to rule by a single king and ensuring that the kingship was passed down to his heirs.
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The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in the Warsaw Pact).
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A conche is a surface scraping mixer and agitator that evenly distributes cocoa butter within chocolate, and may act as a 'polisher' of the particles.
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The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, and held in Vienna from September 1814 to June 1815.
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Conscription, or drafting, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
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Switzerland has mandatory military service (Militärdienst; service militaire; servizio militare) in the Swiss Army for all able-bodied male citizens, who are conscripted when they reach the age of majority, though women may volunteer for any position.
The Conservative Democratic Party of Switzerland (Bürgerlich-Demokratische Partei Schweiz, BDP; Parti bourgeois démocratique suisse, PBD; Partito Borghese Democratico Svizzero, PBD; Partida Burgais Democratica Svizra, PBD; all translations mean literally Citizens' Democratic Party of Switzerland) is a conservative political party in Switzerland.
Consociationalism is often viewed as synonymous with power-sharing, although it is technically only one form of power-sharing.
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A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.
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A constitutional amendment refers to the modification of the Constitution of a nation or state.
A controlled-access highway is a type of highway which has been designed for high-speed vehicular traffic, with all traffic flow and ingress/egress regulated.
Corina Casanova (born 4 January 1956) is the Federal Chancellor of Switzerland.
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The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe), founded in 1949, is a regional intergovernmental organisation which promotes human rights, democracy and the rule of law in its 47 member states, covering 820 million citizens.
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The Council of States (Ständerat, Conseil des Etats, Consiglio degli Stati, Cussegl dals Stadis) is the smaller chamber of the Federal Assembly of Switzerland, and is considered the Assembly's upper house.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct entity in political geography.
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A neutral country in a particular war is a sovereign state which officially declares itself to be neutral towards the belligerents.
Credit Suisse Group is a Switzerland-based multinational financial services holding company, headquartered in Zürich, that operates the Credit Suisse Bank and other financial services investments.
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The culture of Europe is rooted in the art, architecture, music, literature, and philosophy that originated from the European cultural region.
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A currency union (also known as monetary union) involves two or more states sharing the same currency, though without their necessarily having any further integration (such as an economic and monetary union, which would have, in addition, a customs union and a single market).
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A dairy product or milk product is food produced from the milk of mammals.
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Daniel Peter (1836–1919) was a Swiss chocolatier.
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Davos (Romansh: Tavau, archaic Italian: Tavate, local German pronunciation) is a municipality in the district of Prättigau/Davos in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland.
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De facto is a Latin expression that means "in fact, in reality, in actual existence, force, or possession, as a matter of fact" (literally "from fact").
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De jure (Classical Latin: de iúre) is an expression that means "of right, by right, according to law" (literally "from law"), as contrasted with de facto, which means "in fact, in reality" (literally "from fact").
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Delémont (D'lémont, Delsberg) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Jura.
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A developed country, industrialized country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
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Didier Burkhalter (born 17 April 1960 in Neuchâtel) is a Swiss politician of FDP.The Liberals.
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Didier Cuche (born 16 August 1974) is former World Cup alpine ski racer from Switzerland.
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In linguistics, diglossia (διγλωσσία The high variety may be an older stage of the same language (e.g. Latin in the early Middle Ages), an unrelated language, or a distinct yet closely related present day dialect (e.g. Norwegian with Bokmål and Nynorsk, or Chinese with Mandarin as the official, literary standard and colloquial topolects/dialects used in everyday communication). Other examples include literary Katharevousa versus spoken Demotic Greek, Indonesian, with its Baku and Gaul forms, and the Dravidian language Tamil of southern India and Telugu with their respective high and low registers.
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Direct democracy (also known as pure democracy) is a form of democracy in which people decide (e.g. vote on, form consensus on) policy initiatives directly.
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A Directorial Republic is a country ruled by a college of several people who jointly exercise the powers of a head of state or a head of government.
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Dominique Aegerter (born September 30, 1990), is a Swiss Grand Prix motorcycle road racer, currently competing in the Moto2 World Championship.
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Doris Leuthard (born 10 April 1963 in Merenschwand, Aargau) is a Swiss politician and lawyer.
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A double majority is a voting system which requires a majority of votes according to two separate criteria.
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The Dublin Regulation (Regulation No. 604/2013; sometimes the Dublin III Regulation; previously the Dublin II Regulation and Dublin Convention) is a European Union (EU) law that determines the EU Member State responsible to examine an application for asylum seekers seeking international protection under the Geneva Convention and the EU Qualification Directive, within the European Union.
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The Duchy of Burgundy (Duché de Bourgogne) from 1032 existed as a successor of an ancient and prestigious patrimony and a large division of the lands of the Kingdom of the Burgundians.
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The Duden is a dictionary of the German language, first published by Konrad Duden in 1880.
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The Early Middle Ages or Early Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from the 5th century to the 10th century.
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The early modern history of the Old Swiss Confederacy (Eidgenossenschaft, also known as the "Swiss Republic" or Republica Helvetiorum), lasting from formal independence in 1648 to the French invasion of 1798 came to be referred as Ancien Régime retrospectively, in post-Napoleonic Switzerland.
The ease of doing business index is an index created by the World Bank Group.
In medieval historiography, East Francia (Latin: Francia orientalis) or the Kingdom of the East Franks (regnum Francorum orientalium) forms the earliest stage of the Kingdom of Germany, lasting from about 840 until about 962.
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The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, also referred to as the Orthodox Church, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Orthodoxy, is the second largest Christian Church in the world, with an estimated 225–300 million adherents.
Edmond Henri Fischer (born April 6, 1920) is a Swiss American biochemist.
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Edwin Oldfather Reischauer (October 15, 1910 – September 1, 1990) was an American educator and professor at Harvard University.
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Eidgenossenschaft is a German word meaning confederation.
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The Eiger is a mountain of the Bernese Alps, overlooking Grindelwald and Lauterbrunnen in the Bernese Oberland.
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Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and flow of electric charge.
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Elisabeth Kopp (born 16 December 1936, in Zürich) is a Swiss politician and the first woman elected to the Swiss Federal Council (1984–1989).
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For the cheese made in the region, see Emmental (cheese). The Emmental is a valley in west central Switzerland, forming part of the canton of Bern.
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Emmentaler or Emmental is a yellow, medium-hard cheese that originated in the area around Emmental, Switzerland.
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An enclave is any portion of a state that is entirely surrounded by the territory of one other state.
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The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is a 29-volume reference work, an edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica.
The Engadin or Engadine (German: Engadin, Italian: Engadina, Romansh: Engiadina, French: Engadine; tr: Valley of the Inn people) is a long valley in the Swiss Alps located in the canton of Graubünden in southeast Switzerland.
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The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) is a method of quantifying and numerically marking the environmental performance of a state's policies.
ETH Zürich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich) is an engineering, science, technology, mathematics and management university in the city of Zürich, Switzerland.
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Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria, and northern Lazio.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the eurozone, which consists of 19 of the 28 member states of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain.
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EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg IATA airport 3-letter codes for the French area, the Swiss area, and the metropolitan area is an international airport northwest of Basel in Switzerland, southeast of Mulhouse in France, and south-southwest of Freiburg im Breisgau in Germany.
Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
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The European Economic Area (EEA) provides for the free movement of persons, goods, services and capital within the internal market of the European Union (EU) between its 28 member states, as well as three of the four member states of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA): Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.
The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) is a common market consisting of four European countries that operates in parallel withand is linked tothe European Union (EU).
The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation dedicated to the exploration of space, with 22 member states.
The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
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Evangelicalism, Evangelical Christianity, or Evangelical Protestantism is a worldwide, transdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity, maintaining that the essence of the gospel consists in the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
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Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf (born 16 March 1956) is a Swiss lawyer, politician, and member of the Swiss Federal Council since 2008.
A (FH; plural Fachhochschulen) or University of Applied Sciences (UAS) is a German tertiary education institution, specializing in topical areas (e.g. engineering, technology or business).
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The federal administration of Switzerland (Bundesverwaltung, Administration fédérale, Amministrazione federale) is the ensemble of agencies that constitute, together with the Swiss Federal Council, the executive branch of the Swiss federal authorities.
The Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung, Assemblée fédérale, Assemblea federale, Assamblea federala), is Switzerland's federal legislature.
The Swiss federal budget (schweizer Bundesbudget) refers to the annual revenue (money received) and expenditures (money spend) of the Swiss Confederation.
The Federal Chancellor (Bundeskanzler(in); Chancelier(-ière) fédéral(e); Cancelliere(-a) della Confederazione; Chancelier(a) federal(a)) is the head of the Federal Chancellery of Switzerland, which acts as the general staff of the seven-member Federal Council.
The Federal Charter or Letter of Alliance (Bundesbrief) documents the Eternal Alliance or League of the Three Forest Cantons (Ewiger Bund der Drei Waldstätten), the union of three cantons in what is now central Switzerland.
The Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research (EAER, Eidgenössisches Departement für Wirtschaft, Bildung und Forschung; Département fédéral de l'économie, de la formation et de la recherche; Dipartimento federale dell'economia, della formazione e della ricerca) is one of the seven departments of the federal government of Switzerland, headed by a member of the Swiss Federal Council.
The Federal Department of Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications (DETEC, Eidgenössisches Departement für Umwelt, Verkehr, Energie und Kommunikation, Département fédéral de l'environnement, des transports, de l'énergie et des communications, Dipartimento federale dell'ambiente, dei trasporti, dell'energia e delle comunicazioni) is one of the seven departments of the Swiss federal government, headed by a member of the Swiss Federal Council.
The Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA, Eidgenössisches Departement für auswärtige Angelegenheiten, Département fédéral des affaires étrangères, Dipartimento federale degli affari esteri), so named since 1979, is one of the seven Departments of the Swiss government federal administration of Switzerland, and corresponds in its range of tasks to the ministry of foreign affairs in other countries.
The Federal Department of Home Affairs (FDHA,, Département fédéral de l'intérieur) is a department of the federal administration of Switzerland and serves as the Swiss ministry of the interior.
The Federal Palace (Bundeshaus, Palais fédéral, Palazzo federale, Chasa federala, Curia Confœderationis Helveticæ) is the name of the building in Bern in which the Swiss Federal Assembly (federal parliament) and the Federal Council are housed.
The Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland (Bundesgericht, Tribunal fédéral, Tribunale Federale, Tribunal Federal) is the supreme court of the Swiss Confederation.
Federalism is a political concept in which a group of members are bound together by covenant (Latin: foedus, covenant) with a governing representative head.
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A federation (from Latin: foedus, gen.: foederis, "covenant"), also known as a federal state, is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions under a central (federal) government.
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The International Basketball Federation, more commonly known as FIBA, FIBA World, or FIBA International, from its French name Fédération Internationale de Basket-ball, is an association of national organizations which governs international competition in basketball.
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The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA; English: International Federation of Association Football) is the governing body of association football, futsal and beach football.
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The First War of Villmergen was a Swiss religious war which lasted from 5 January until 7 March 1656, at the time of the Old Swiss Confederacy.
The FIS Alpine World Ski Championships are organized by the International Ski Federation (FIS).
A föhn or foehn is a type of dry, warm, down-slope wind that occurs in the lee (downwind side) of a mountain range.
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Fondue is a Swiss, Italian, and French dish of melted cheese served in a communal pot (caquelon or fondue pot) over a chafing stand (réchaud) heated with a candle or spirit lamp, and eaten by dipping long-stemmed forks with bread into the cheese.
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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
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Francia or Frankia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks (Regnum Francorum), Frankish Kingdom, Frankish Empire, Frankish Realm or occasionally Frankland, was the territory inhabited and ruled by the Franks, a confederation of Germanic tribes, during Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages.
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Francis II (Francesco II, christened Francesco d'Assisi Maria Leopoldo, 16 January 1836 – 27 December 1894) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1859 to 1861.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, lit. German-French War, Guerre franco-allemande, lit. Franco-German War), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871), was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
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Frauenfeld (Women's Field) is the capital of the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland.
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The Free Democratic Party or Radical Democratic Party (Freisinnig-Demokratische Partei, FDP; Parti radical-démocratique, PRD; Partito liberale-radicale svizzero, PLR; Partida liberaldemocrata svizra, PLD) was a liberal, classical liberal, and conservative-liberal political party in Switzerland.
The French Army (Armée de terre, "land army") is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
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French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family.
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The French Revolution (Révolution française) was an influential period of social and political upheaval in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799, and was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French Empire.
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Fribourg (Fribôrg/Friboua,; Freiburg or Freiburg im Üechtland, Swiss German pronunciation:; Friburgo or Friborgo; Friburg) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Fribourg and the district of Sarine.
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Friedrich Dürrenmatt (5 January 1921 – 14 December 1990) was a Swiss author and dramatist.
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Friendly fire is an attack by a military force on friendly forces while attempting to attack the enemy, either by misidentifying the target as hostile, or due to errors or inaccuracy.
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The was an energy accident at the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, initiated primarily by the tsunami of the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami on 11 March 2011.
Galileo is the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) that is currently being created by the European Union (EU) and Space Agency (ESA).
Gallia Belgica (Belgic Gaul) was a province of the Roman empire located in Belgium, present-day northern France, Luxembourg, part of the present-day Netherlands below the Rhine, and the German Rhineland.
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Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, parts of Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.
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The Gauls were Celtic peoples inhabiting Gaul in the Iron Age and the Roman period (roughly from the 5th century BC to the 3rd century AD).
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Gächlingen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen in Switzerland.
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The Geary–Khamis dollar, more commonly known as the international dollar, is a hypothetical unit of currency that has the same purchasing power parity that the U.S. dollar had in the United States at a given point in time.
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Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and is the most populous city of Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
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Geneva Airport, formerly known as Cointrin Airport, is the international airport of Geneva, the second most populous city in Switzerland.
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Original document, single pages as PDF, 1864 The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for the humanitarian treatment of war.
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Geothermal gradient is the rate of increasing temperature with respect to increasing depth in the Earth's interior.
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Anne Louise Germaine de Staël-Holstein (22 April 1766 – 14 July 1817), commonly known as Madame de Staël, was a French woman of letters of Swiss origin whose lifetime overlapped with the events of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era.
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German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.
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Germania Superior ("Upper Germania"), so called because it lay upstream of Germania Inferior, was a province of the Roman Empire.
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Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history, and speak the German language as their native language.
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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
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Glarus (Glaris; Glarona; Glaruna) is the capital of the canton of Glarus in Switzerland.
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Glencore plc (an acronym for Global Energy Commoditity Resources) is an Anglo–Swiss multinational commodity trading and mining company headquartered in Baar, Switzerland, with its registered office in Saint Helier, Jersey.
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A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city generally considered to be an important node in the global economic system.
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The Global Competitiveness Report (GCR) is a yearly report published by the World Economic Forum.
Gottfried Keller (19 July 1819 – 15 July 1890) was a Swiss poet and writer of German literature.
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Government spending or expenditure includes all government consumption, investment, and transfer payments.
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The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (also known as the Institut de hautes études internationales et du développement, abbreviated IHEID or the Graduate Institute Geneva) is a postgraduate university located in Geneva, Switzerland.
The MotoGP World Championship is the premier class of motorcycle road racing.
The Grand Slam tournaments, also called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events.
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The Canton of Grisons or Graubünden in German (Graubünden,; Grigioni; Grischun; see also other names) is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland.
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The Green Party of Switzerland (Grüne Partei der Schweiz; Les vertsParti écologiste suisse; I VerdiPartito ecologista svizzero; La VerdaPartida ecologica svizra; "The GreensSwiss ecological party") is the fifth-largest party in the National Council of Switzerland, and the largest party that is not represented on the Federal Council.
A greenhouse gas (sometimes abbreviated GHG) is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range.
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The Grimm–Hoffmann affair was a short-lived scandal that seriously brought into question Switzerland's neutrality during World War I. Robert Grimm, a socialist politician, travelled to Russia as an activist to negotiate a separate peace between Russia and Germany, in order to end the war on the Eastern Front in the interests of socialism.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the size of an economy.
The Group for a Switzerland without an Army, (GSwA; Gruppe für eine Schweiz ohne Armee, GSoA; Groupe pour une Suisse sans armée, GSsA; Gruppo per una Svizzera senza Esercito, GSsE) is a group working to reduce the military activities of Switzerland.
The growth of the Old Swiss Confederacy began as an alliance between the communities of the valleys in the Central Alps to facilitate the management of common interests such as free trade and to ensure the peace along the important trade routes through the mountains.
Gruyère (or;, German: Greyerzer) is a hard yellow cheese, named after the town of Gruyères in Switzerland, and originated in the cantons of Fribourg, Vaud, Neuchâtel, Jura, and Berne.
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Gruyères is a town in the district of Gruyère in the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland.
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Gunvor Group Ltd is a global commodity trading company registered in Cyprus, with its main trading office in Geneva, Switzerland.
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The Habsburg Monarchy or Empire (occasionally also styled as the Austrian Monarchy and Danubian Monarchy) is an unofficial appellation among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg until 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918.
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The Hallstatt culture was the predominant Central European culture from the 8th to 6th centuries BC (European Early Iron Age), developing out of the Urnfield culture of the 12th century BC (Late Bronze Age) and followed in much of Central Europe by the La Tène culture.
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A head of state is the highest-ranking constitutional position in a sovereign state and is vested with powers to act as the chief public representative of that state.
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Heidi is a work of children's fiction published in 1881 by Swiss author Johanna Spyri, originally published in two parts as Heidi's years of learning and travel (Heidis Lehr- und Wanderjahre) and Heidi makes use of what she has learned.
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Heinrich Rohrer (6 June 1933 – 16 May 2013) was a Swiss physicist who shared half of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics with Gerd Binnig for the design of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM).
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Helvetia is the female national personification of Switzerland, officially Confœderatio Helvetica, the Swiss Confederation.
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In Swiss history, the Helvetic Republic (1798–1803) represented an early attempt to impose a central authority over Switzerland, which until then had consisted of self-governing cantons united by a loose military alliance (and ruling over subject territories such as Vaud).
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The Helvetii were a Gallic tribe or tribal confederation occupying most of the Swiss plateau at the time of their contact with the Roman Republic in the 1st century BC.
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Helvetisms (New Latin Helvetia "Switzerland" and -ism) are features distinctive of Swiss Standard German, that distinguish it from Standard German.
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Henri Guisan (21 October 1874 – 7 April 1960) was a Swiss army officer who held the office of the General of the Swiss Army during the Second World War.
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Herisau is a municipality of the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland.
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Hiking is the preferred term, in Canada and the USA, for a long, vigorous walk, usually on trails (footpaths), in the countryside, while the word walking is used for shorter, particularly urban walks.
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Hillclimbing (also known as hill climbing, speed hillclimbing or speed hill climbing) is a branch of motorsport in which drivers compete against the clock to complete an uphill course.
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Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life, in South Asia, most notably in India and Nepal.
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The Historical Dictionary of Switzerland is an encyclopedia on the history of Switzerland that aims to take into account the results of modern historical research in a manner accessible to a broader audience.
Since 1848, the Swiss Confederation has been a federal state of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, putting them among the world's oldest surviving republics.
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The Holy Roman Emperor (Römisch-deutscher Kaiser, Romanorum Imperator) was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire.
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The Holy Roman Empire (Latin: Sacrum Romanum Imperium, German: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
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The Holy See (Sancta Sedes) is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Bishop of Rome—the Pope.
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Hornussen is an indigenous Swiss sport.
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The House of Habsburg, also called House of Hapsburg, or House of Austria, was one of the most important royal houses of Europe.
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The House of Kyburg was family of Grafen or counts from Zürich in Switzerland.
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The House of Savoy (Casa Savoia) is one of the oldest royal families in the world, being founded in year 1003 in the historical Savoy region.
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Zähringen is the name of an old German noble family in Swabia, who founded a large number of cities in what are today Switzerland and the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
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Huldrych Zwingli or Ulrich Zwingli(1 January 1484 – 11 October 1531) was a leader of the Reformation in Switzerland.
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The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
Hydroelectricity is the term referring to electricity generated by hydropower; the production of electrical power through the use of the gravitational force of falling or flowing water.
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Hydropower or water power (from the ύδρω, "water") is power derived from the energy of falling water or fast running water, which may be harnessed for useful purposes.
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Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
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Immigration is the movement of people into a destination country to which they are not native or do not possess its citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take-up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
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There has been significant immigration to Switzerland since the 1980s.
Imperial immediacy (German: Reichsfreiheit or Reichsunmittelbarkeit) was a privileged constitutional and political status rooted in German feudal law under which the Imperial estates of the Holy Roman Empire such as Imperial cities, prince-bishoprics and secular principalities, as well as individuals such as the Imperial knights, were declared free from the authority of any local lord and placed under the direct ('immediate') authority of the Emperor, and later of the institutions of the Empire such as the Diet (Reichstag), the Imperial Chamber of Justice and the Aulic Council.
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The Index of Economic Freedom is an annual index and ranking created by The Heritage Foundation and The Wall Street Journal in 1995 to measure the degree of economic freedom in the world's nations.
This is a list of articles related to Switzerland.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
In political science, an initiative (also known as a popular or citizens' initiative) is a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote (plebiscite).
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The Inn (Aenus; En) is a river in Switzerland, Austria and Germany.
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Insurance is the equitable transfer of the risk of a loss, from one entity to another in exchange for money.
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The European Union's (EU) internal market, also known as the EU Single Market, is a single market that seeks to guarantee the free movement of goods, capital, services, and people – the "four freedoms" – between the EU's 28 member states.
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The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland and a three-time Nobel Prize Laureate.
The International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF; French: Fédération internationale de hockey sur glace) is a worldwide governing body for ice hockey and in-line hockey.
IMD business school is in Lausanne, Switzerland.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour issues, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, DC, of "188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world".
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; Comité international olympique, CIO) is an international, non-profit, non-governmental organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre, Baron de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president.
An international organization is an organization with an international membership, scope, or presence.
International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) is a non-partisan federation of national medical groups in 63 countries, representing doctors, medical students, other health workers, and concerned people who share the common goal of creating a more peaceful and secure world freed from the threat of nuclear annihilation.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; Union Internationale des Télécommunications), originally the International Telegraph Union (Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.
The Invasion of Poland, also known as the September Campaign, or the 1939 Defensive War in Poland (Kampania wrześniowa or Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and alternatively the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiß in Germany (Case White), was a joint invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union, and a small Slovak contingent, that marked the beginning of World War II in Europe.
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In meteorology, an inversion is a deviation from the normal change of an atmospheric property with altitude.
The Iron Age is the period generally occurring after the Bronze Age, marked by the prevalent use of iron.
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Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.
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ISO 4217 is a standard published by International Organization for Standardization, which delineates currency designators, country codes (alpha and numeric), and references to minor units in three tables.
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Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, as a second language in Albania, Malta, Slovenia and Croatia, by minorities in Crimea, Eritrea, France, Libya, Monaco, Montenegro, Romania and Somalia, – Gordon, Raymond G., Jr.
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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.
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Jacques Piccard (28 July 19221 November 2008) was a Swiss oceanographer and engineer, known for having developed underwater vehicles for studying ocean currents.
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Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century.
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
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Albert Bitzius (October 4, 1797 – October 22, 1854) was a Swiss novelist, best known by his pen name of Jeremias Gotthelf.
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The Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation), also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious and ethno-cultural group descended from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East and originating from the historical kingdoms of Israel and Judah.
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Joseph Siffert (7 July 1936 – 24 October 1971) was a Swiss racing driver.
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Johann Niklaus Schneider-Ammann (born 18 February 1952) is a Swiss businessman and politician.
Johanna Louise Spyri (née Heusser) (12 June 1827 – 7 July 1901) was a Swiss-born author of novels and best known for her children's stories, and is best known for her book Heidi.
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John Calvin (Jean Calvin,; born Jehan Cauvin: 10 July 150927 May 1564) was an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation.
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Judaism (from Iudaismus, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew:, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) encompasses the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people.
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Gaius Julius Caesar (July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman statesman, general and notable author of Latin prose.
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The Jungfrau (German: "maiden/virgin") is one of the main summits of the Bernese Alps, located between the southern canton of Bern and the northern canton of Valais, halfway between Interlaken and Fiesch.
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The Jura Mountains are a sub-alpine mountain range located north of the Western Alps, mainly following the course of the France–Switzerland border.
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Kaiseraugst (Swiss German: Chäiseraugscht) is a municipality in the district of Rheinfelden in the canton of Aargau in Switzerland.
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The kibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for quantities of digital information.
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Burgundy is a historic region in Western Europe, now Southern France, named after its founders, the Burgundians.
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Kurt Wüthrich (born October 4, 1938 in Aarberg, Canton of Bern) is a Swiss chemist/biophysicist and Nobel Chemistry laureate, known for developing Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) methods for studying biological macromolecules.
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The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty, which extends the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that commits State Parties to reduce greenhouse gases emissions, based on the premise that (a) global warming exists and (b) man-made CO2 emissions have caused it.
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The La Tène culture was a European Iron Age culture named after the archaeological site of La Tène on the north side of Lake Neuchâtel in Switzerland, where a rich cache of artifacts was discovered by Hansli Kopp in 1857.
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A laboratory (or; informally, lab) is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific or technological research, experiments, and measurement may be performed.
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Labour economics seeks to understand the functioning and dynamics of the markets for wage labour.
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Lago di Lei is a reservoir in the Valle di Lei.
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Lake Constance (German: Bodensee) is a lake on the Rhine at the northern foot of the Alps, and consists of three bodies of water: the Obersee ("upper lake"), the Untersee ("lower lake"), and a connecting stretch of the Rhine, called the Seerhein.
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Lake Geneva (lac Léman, le Léman, sometimes lac de Genève, Genfersee) is a lake on the north side of the Alps, shared between Switzerland and France.
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Lake Lucerne (Vierwaldstättersee, lit. "Four Forested-Cantons Lake") is a lake in central Switzerland and the fourth largest in the country.
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Lake Lugano (Lago di Lugano or Ceresio, from Ceresius lacus) is a glacial lake which is situated on the border between southern Switzerland and northern Italy.
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Lake Maggiore (Lago Maggiore, lit. 'Greater Lake') or Lago Verbano (Lacus Verbanus) is a large lake located on the south side of the Alps.
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Lake Neuchâtel (Lac de Neuchâtel; Neuenburgersee) is a lake primarily in Romandy, Switzerland (French-speaking Switzerland).
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A landlocked state or country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas.
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The Landsgemeinde or "cantonal assembly" is one of the oldest forms of direct democracy.
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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
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Lausanne (Losanna, Losanna) is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and the capital of the canton of Vaud.
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Lauterbrunnen is a municipality in the Interlaken-Oberhasli administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.
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The Lavaux is a region in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland, in the district of Lavaux-Oron.
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Le Temps (literally "The Times") is a Swiss French-language daily newspaper published in the Berliner format in Geneva by Le Temps SA.
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The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, "Société des Nations" abbreviated as SDN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
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Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein (Fürstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Central Europe.
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Liestal (formerly Liesthal, IPA) is the capital of Liestal District and the canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland, south of Basel.
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This article includes a list of countries of the world sorted by current account balance as a percentage of gross domestic product (nominal GDP).
This is a list of countries by merchandise exports, based on the The World Factbook of the CIA.
Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates.
This article includes a list of countries in the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a state in a given year.
This article includes three lists of countries by gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e. the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.
The GDP (PPP) per hour worked is a measure of the productivity of a country when not taking into account unemployment or hours worked per week.
This is a list of countries by immigrant population.
This is a list of countries by imports, based on the World Trade Organization and The World Factbook.
This article lists countries alphabetically, with total tax revenue as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) for the listed countries.
The following is a list of the territorial entities where German is an official language.
This article lists universities in Switzerland.
The main valleys of the Alps, orographically by drainage basin.
The Film Festival Locarno (Festival del film Locarno) is an international film festival held annually in August in the city of Locarno, Switzerland since 1946.
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
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Lucerne (Luzern,; Lucerne,; Lucerna,; Lucerna; Lucerne Swiss-German: Lozärn) is a city in central Switzerland, in the German-speaking portion of the country.
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The Lucerne Festival is a summer music festival in Lucerne, Switzerland.
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The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the German Wehrmacht during World War II.
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Lugano (Lugano; Ticinese: Lügàn) is a city in southern Switzerland, in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino, which borders Italy.
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Lugano Airport is a regional airport located west of the Swiss city of Lugano, approximately 80 km north of Milan, in the municipalities of Agno, Bioggio and Muzzano.
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Lysergic acid diethylamide (or or), abbreviated LSD or LSD-25, also known as lysergide (INN) and colloquially as acid, is a psychedelic drug of the ergoline family, well known for its psychological effects - which can include altered thinking processes, closed- and open-eye visuals, synesthesia, an altered sense of time, and spiritual experiences - as well as for its key role in 1960s counterculture.
In Swiss politics, the magic formula (Zauberformel, formule magique, formula magica) is an arithmetic formula for dividing the seven executive seats of the Swiss Federal Council between the four ruling parties.
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A majority is a subset of a set consisting of more than half of the set's elements.
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The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave $13 billion (approximately $130 billion in current dollar value as of August 2015) in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II.
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Martina Hingis (born 30 September 1980) is a Swiss professional tennis player who spent a total of 209 weeks as world No.
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The Matterhorn (Matterhorn, Monte Cervino, Mont Cervin) is a mountain of the Alps, straddling the border between Switzerland and Italy.
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Matura or its translated terms (Mature, Matur, Maturita, Maturità, Maturität, Mатура) is a Latin name for the high-school exit exam or "maturity diploma" in various countries, including Albania, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Poland, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland and Ukraine.
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Max Rudolf Frisch (May 15, 1911 – April 4, 1991) was a Swiss playwright and novelist.
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Maximilian I (22 March 1459 – 12 January 1519), the son of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, and Eleanor of Portugal, was King of the Romans (also known as King of the Germans) from 1486 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1508 until his death, though he was never in fact crowned by the Pope, the journey to Rome always being too risky.
The Mönch (German: "monk") is a mountain in the Bernese Alps, in Switzerland.
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Mürren is a traditional Walser mountain village in Bernese Oberland, Switzerland, at an elevation of 1,650 m (5,413 ft.) above sea level and unreachable by public road.
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A measuring instrument is a device for measuring a physical quantity.
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The mebibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
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Median income is the amount that divides the income distribution into two equal groups, half having income above that amount, and half having income below that amount.
Medieval communes in the European Middle Ages had sworn allegiances of mutual defense (both physical defense and of traditional freedoms) among the citizens of a town or city.
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The term Mediterranean climate is one typical of the Mediterranean Basin and is a particular variety of subtropical climate.
The European Union (EU) comprises 28 member states, which are party to the founding treaties of the union and thereby subject to the privileges and obligations of membership.
Mercer is an American global human resource and related financial services consulting firm, headquartered in New York City.
Mercuria Energy Group Ltd is a Swiss privately held international commodity trading company active over a wide spectrum of global energy markets including crude oil and refined petroleum products, natural gas (including LNG), power, coal, biodiesel, carbon emissions, base metals and agricultural products.
Merlot is a dark blue-colored wine grape variety, that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines.
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The Merovingians were a Salian Frankish dynasty that ruled the Franks for nearly 300 years in a region known as Francia in Latin, beginning in the middle of the 5th century AD.
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Methodism, or the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley.
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Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.
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Middle Francia (Francia media) was an ephemeral (843–855) Frankish kingdom.
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The Swiss Army (German: Schweizer Armee, French: Armée suisse, Italian: Esercito svizzero, Romanisch: Armada svizra) operates on land, in the air, and in international waters.
Monte Rosa (Italian:; also used in German) or Mont Rose (French) is a huge ice-covered mountain in the Alps, located on the watershed between northern and southern Europe.
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The Montreux Jazz Festival (formerly Festival de Jazz Montreux and Festival International de Jazz Montreux) is a music festival in Switzerland, held annually in early July in Montreux on the Lake Geneva shoreline.
Motorcycle sport is a broad field that encompasses all sporting aspects of motorcycling.
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Motorsport or motorsports is the group of competitive events which primarily involve the use of motorized vehicles, whether for racing or non-racing competition.
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Mountain biking is the sport of riding bicycles off-road, often over rough terrain, using specially designed mountain bikes.
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The term mountaineering describes the sport of mountain climbing, including ski mountaineering.
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Mulhouse (Mulhouse,; Alsatian: Milhüsa or Milhüse,;; i.e. mill hamlet) is a city and commune in eastern France, close to the Swiss and German borders.
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A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have a similar or equal chance of gaining control of government offices, separately or in coalition government.
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Multilingualism is the use of more than two languages, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.
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Multiple citizenship, also called dual citizenship or multiple nationality, is a person's citizenship status, in which a person is concurrently regarded as a citizen of more than one state under the laws of those states.
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The communes (Gemeinden / communes / comuni / vischnancas), also known as municipalities, are the smallest government division in Switzerland, numbering 2,596.
Switzerland has long had a distinct cultural identity, despite its diversity of German, French, Italian, Romansh and other ethnicities.
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A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds.
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Napoléon Bonaparte (born Napoleone di Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars.
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A narrow-gauge railway (or narrow-gauge railroad) is a railway with a track gauge narrower than the of standard gauge railways.
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Nation (from Latin: natio, "people, tribe, kin, genus, class, flock") is a social concept with no uncontroversial definition, but which is most commonly used to designate larger groups or collectives of people with common characteristics attributed to them - including language, traditions, customs (mores), habits (habitus), and ethnicity.
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National conservatism is a political term used primarily in Europe to describe a variant of conservatism which concentrates more on national interests than standard conservatism as well as upholding cultural and ethnic identity, while not being outspokenly nationalist or supporting a far-right approach.
The National Council (Nationalrat, Conseil National, Consiglio Nazionale, Cussegl Naziunal) is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Switzerland.
National League A (NLA) is a professional Ice hockey league in Switzerland.
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A national personification is an anthropomorphism of a nation or its people; it can appear in both editorial cartoons and propaganda.
Nazi Germany or the Third Reich (Drittes Reich) are common English names for the period of history in Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
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National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practice associated with the 20th-century German Nazi Party and Nazi state as well as other far-right groups.
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Neel Jani (born 8 December 1983) is a Swiss professional racing driver of Indian Gujarati origin.
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A neologism (from Greek νέο- néo-, "new" and λόγος lógos, "speech, utterance") is the name for a relatively new or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been accepted into mainstream language.
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Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus (January 14, 38 BC – Summer of 9 BC), born Decimus Claudius Drusus also called Drusus Claudius Nero, Drusus, Drusus I, Nero Drusus, or Drusus the Elder was a Roman politician and military commander.
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Nestlé S.A. is a Swiss transnational food and beverage company headquartered in Vevey, Switzerland.
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Neuchâtel, neu(f) "new" + chatel "castle" (château); lang; lang; lang)It was called Neuchâtel outre Joux too to make the difference with another Neuchâtel in Burgundy, now Neuchâtel-Urtière. is the capital of the Swiss canton of Neuchâtel on Lake Neuchâtel. The city has approximately 33,600 inhabitants (80,000 in the metropolitan area). The city is sometimes referred to historically by the German name, which has the same meaning, since it originally belonged to the Holy Roman Empire and later Prussia, which ruled the area until 1848. The official language of Neuchâtel is French. Neuchâtel is a pilot of the Council of Europe and the European Commission Intercultural cities programme.
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The Neue Zürcher Zeitung (NZZ, English: "New Journal of Zurich") is a Swiss, German-language daily newspaper, published by the NZZ Mediengruppe in Zurich.
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The New Apostolic Church (NAC) is a chiliastic church, originated from the Catholic Apostolic Church.
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Saint Nicholas of Flüe (Niklaus von Flüe) (1417 – 21 March 1487) was a Swiss hermit and ascetic who is the patron saint of Switzerland.
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The Canton of Nidwalden is a canton of Switzerland.
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The Nobel Peace Prize (Norwegian and Swedish: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
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The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Norwegian: Nobelprisen) is a set of annual international awards bestowed in a number of categories by Swedish and Norwegian committees in recognition of academic, cultural and/or scientific advances.
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Novartis International AG is a Swiss multinational pharmaceutical company based in Basel, Switzerland, ranking number one in sales (57.9 billion US$) among the world-wide industry in 2013.
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Noviodunum or Colonia Iulia Equestris was a Roman era settlement in what is now Nyon in the Canton of Vaud in Switzerland.
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power station.
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A nuclear power plant is a thermal power station in which the heat source is a nuclear reactor.
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A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or a combination of fission and fusion (thermonuclear weapon).
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Nyon is a municipality in the district of Nyon in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.
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The Canton of Obwalden is a canton of Switzerland.
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An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
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The term Old Catholic Church originated with groups which separated from the Roman Catholic Church over certain doctrines, primarily concerned with papal authority.
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Old High German (OHG, German: Althochdeutsch, German abbr. Ahd.) is the earliest stage of the German language, conventionally covering the period from around 700 to 1050 AD.
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The Old Swiss Confederacy (Modern German: Alte Eidgenossenschaft; historically Eidgenossenschaft, after the Reformation République des Suisses, Republica Helvetiorum "Republic of the Swiss") was the precursor of Switzerland.
Onyx is a Swiss intelligence gathering system maintained by the Federal Intelligence Service - Nachrichtendienst des Bundes (NDB).
Operation Tannenbaum (English: Operation Fir Tree or Christmas Tree), known earlier as Operation Green (Unternehmen Grün), was a planned but cancelled invasion of Switzerland by Nazi Germany during World War II.
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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an international economic organisation of 34 countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
Ormonde Maddock Dalton (1866–1945) was a British museum curator and archaeologist.
Orthodox Christianity refers to the set of doctrines which were believed by the early Christians.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Switzerland: Switzerland – alpine country in Central Europe, located mostly in the Alps.
Owner-occupancy or home-ownership is a form of housing tenure where a person, called the owner-occupier, owner-occupant, or home owner, owns the home in which they live.
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The Oxford English Dictionary (OED), published by the Oxford University Press, is a descriptive (as opposed to prescriptive) dictionary of the English language.
The Palace of Nations (Palais des Nations) in Geneva, Switzerland, was built between 1929 and 1936 to serve as the headquarters of the League of Nations.
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The Paléo Festival de Nyon, usually just called Paléo, is an annual rock festival held in Nyon, Switzerland, between Geneva and Lausanne.
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Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.
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Pars pro toto, Latin for "a part (taken) for the whole", is a figure of speech where the name of a portion of an object, place or concept represents the entire object, place or concept.
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Particle physics is the branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter (particles with mass) and radiation (massless particles).
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A passport is a travel document, usually issued by a country's government, that certifies the identity and nationality of its holder for the purpose of international travel.
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Paul Scherrer (3 February 1890 – 25 September 1969) was a Swiss physicist.
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The Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) is a multi-disciplinary research institute which belongs to the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology Domain covering also the ETH Zurich and the EPFL.
The Peace of Westphalia (German: Westfälischer Friede) was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in Osnabrück and Münster.
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The Pennine Alps (also: Valais Alps, formerly called Alpes Poeninae) are a mountain range in the western part of the Alps.
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Pentecostalism or Classical Pentecostalism is a renewal movement"Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals",.
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Per capita is a Latin prepositional phrase: per (preposition, taking the accusative case, meaning “by, by means of”) and capita (accusative plural of the noun caput, “head”).
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Le Petit Larousse Illustré, commonly known simply as Le Petit Larousse, is a French-language encyclopedic dictionary published by Éditions Larousse.
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The pharmaceutical industry in Switzerland directly and indirectly employs about 135,000 people.
Pietism (from the word piety) was a movement within Lutheranism that began in the late 17th century, reached its zenith in the mid-18th century, and declined through the 19th century, and had almost vanished in America by the end of the 20th century.
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Pinot noir is a red wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera.
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Pirmin Zurbriggen (born 4 February 1963) is a former World Cup alpine ski racer from Switzerland.
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Piz Bernina is the highest mountain in the Eastern Alps, the highest point of the Bernina Range, and the highest peak in the Rhaetian Alps.
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A popular initiative (German: Volksinitiative, French Initiative populaire, Italian Iniziativa popolare, Romansh Iniziativa dal pievel) allows the people to suggest law in Switzerland on a federal, cantonal and municipal level.
Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density.
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Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), is a country on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe.
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Prehistory means literally "before history", from the Latin word for "before," præ, and historia.
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The President of the Confederation (Bundespräsident(in) der Eidgenossenschaft, Président(e) de la Confédération, Presidente della Confederazione, President(a) da la Confederaziun) is the presiding member of the seven-member Swiss Federal Council, Switzerland's executive.
Primus inter pares (Πρῶτος μεταξὺ ἴσων, prōtos metaxỳ ísōn) is a Latin phrase meaning first among equals.
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Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body.
Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church.
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Purchasing power (sometimes retroactively called adjusted for inflation) is the number of goods or services that can be purchased with a unit of currency.
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Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a component of some economic theories and is a technique used to determine the relative value of different currencies.
Raclette is a semi-firm cow's milk cheese that is usually fashioned into a wheel of about 6 kg (13 lb).
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Raetia (or,, also spelled Rhaetia) was a province of the Roman Empire, named after the Rhaetian (Raeti or Rhaeti) people.
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Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods, by way of wheeled vehicles running on rails.
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Rösti or röschti is a Swiss dish consisting mainly of potatoes.
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The Rütlischwur is a legendary oath of the Old Swiss Confederacy, taken on the Rütli, a meadow above Lake Lucerne near Seelisberg.
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A Reduit is a fortified structure such as a citadel or a keep into which the defending troops can retreat when the outer defences are breached.
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A referendum (in some countries synonymous with plebiscite — or a vote on a ballot question) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal.
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The Protestant Reformation in Switzerland was promoted initially by Huldrych Zwingli, who gained the support of the magistrate (Mark Reust) and population of Zürich in the 1520s.
The word regime (also "régime", from the original French spelling) refers to a set of conditions, most often of a political nature, such as a government.
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A regulation is a legal norm intended to shape conduct that is a byproduct of imperfection.
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Representative democracy (also indirect democracy or psephocracy) is a variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
The periods of Restoration and Regeneration in Swiss history last from 1814 to 1847.
The Reuss is a river in Switzerland.
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The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, Springtime of the Peoples or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848.
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The Rhaetian Railway (Rhätische Bahn, Ferrovia Retica, Viafier Retica), abbreviated RhB, is a Swiss transport company, who owns the largest network among all private railway operators in Switzerland.
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The Rhône (Rhône,; Rhone; Walliser German: Rotten; Rodano; Rôno; Ròse) is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising in Switzerland, passing through Lake Geneva and running through southeastern France.
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--> The Rhine is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Austrian, Swiss- Liechtenstein border, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the Rhineland and eventually empties into the North Sea in the Netherlands.
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Richard Robert Ernst (born August 14, 1933) is a Swiss physical chemist and Nobel Laureate.
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The right of asylum (sometimes called right of political asylum, from the ancient Greek word ἄσυλον) is an ancient juridical concept, under which a person persecuted by their own country may be protected by another sovereign authority, a foreign country, or church sanctuaries (as in medieval times).
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Road pricing (also road user charges) are direct charges levied for the use of roads, including road tolls, distance or time based fees, congestion charges and charges designed to discourage use of certain classes of vehicle, fuel sources or more polluting vehicles.
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Roger Federer (born 8 August 1981) is a Swiss professional tennis player who is currently ranked world No.
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Rolf Martin Zinkernagel (born January 6, 1944 in Riehen, Basel-Stadt, Switzerland) is Professor of Experimental Immunology at the University of Zurich.
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The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
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In Ancient Rome, a province (Latin: provincia, pl. provinciae) was the basic, and, until the Tetrarchy (293 AD), largest territorial and administrative unit of the empire's territorial possessions outside of Italy.
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The Romance languages— sometimes called the Latin languages, and occasionally the Romanic or Neo-Latin languages—are the modern languages that evolved from spoken Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries A.D. and that thus form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
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Latin Europe or Romance-speaking Europe is the area of Europe where Romance languages (those derived from Latin) are either official, co-official, or significantly used.
Romansh (also spelled Romansch, Rumantsch, or Romanche; Romansh) is a Romance language spoken predominantly in the southeastern Swiss canton of Grisons (Graubünden), where it has official status alongside German and Italian and is used as the medium of instruction of schools in Romansh-speaking areas.
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RUAG (originally Rüstungs Unternehmen Aktiengesellschaft; Joint Stock Defense Company) is a Swiss technology company, with its headquarters in Bern.
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Rudolf I, also known as Rudolf of Habsburg (Rudolf von Habsburg, Rudolf Habsburský; –) was Count of Habsburg from about 1240 and elected King of Germany (King of the Romans) from 1273 until his death.
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Ruth Dreifuss (born 9 January 1940 in St. Gallen) is a Swiss politician affiliated with the Social Democratic Party.
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Sarnen is the capital of the canton of Obwalden situated on the shores of Lake Sarnen (Sarner See), Switzerland.
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The political term satellite state designates a country that is formally independent in the world, but under heavy political, economic and military influence or control from another country.
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Sébastien Olivier Buemi (born 31 October 1988) is a Swiss professional racing driver, who formerly competed for Scuderia Toro Rosso in Formula One.
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A scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is an instrument for imaging surfaces at the atomic level.
Schaffhausen (Schafuuse; Schaffhouse; Sciaffusa; Schaffusa) is a city in northern Switzerland and the capital of the canton of the same name; it has an estimated population of 34,587.
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The Schengen Agreement led to the creation of Europe's borderless Schengen Area.
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The Schengen Area is the area comprising 26 European countries that have abolished passport and any other type of border control at their common borders, also referred to as internal borders.
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The Swiss Pentecostal Mission (Schweizer Pfingstmission, abbreviated SPM) is an umbrella organization of Pentecostal congregations in Switzerland and the Swiss affiliate of the Assemblies of God, the largest Pentecostal denomination in the world.
Schwingen (from German schwingen "to swing"), also known as Swiss wrestling (French lutte Suisse) and natively (and colloquially) as Hoselupf (Swiss German for "breeches-lifting"), is a style of folk wrestling native to Switzerland, more specifically the pre-alpine parts of German-speaking Switzerland.
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The town of Schwyz (Svitto) is the capital of the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland.
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The separation of church and state is a description for the distance in the relationship between organized religion and the nation state.
The September 11 attacks (also referred to as September 11, September 11th, or 9/11)9/11 is pronounced "nine eleven".
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Serbia (Србија, Srbija), officially the Republic of Serbia (Република Србија, Republika Srbija), is a sovereign state situated at the crossroads between Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans.
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The Siege of Gaeta was the concluding event of the war between the Kingdom of Sardinia and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
Simonetta Sommaruga (born 14 May 1960) is a Swiss politician of the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland.
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Sion Airport (Mil: LSMS) is the airport of the city of Sion, Switzerland.
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Sion (Sitten; Seduno; Latin Sedunum) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Valais.
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A ski resort is a resort developed for skiing, snowboarding, and other winter sports.
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Skiing is a mode of transport, recreational activity and competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.
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Snowboarding is a recreational activity and olympic sport that involves descending a slope that is covered with snow while standing on a snowboard attached to a rider's feet.
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The Social Democratic Party of Switzerland (also rendered as Swiss Socialist Party; Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz, SP; Parti socialiste suisse, PS; Partito Socialista Svizzero; Partida Socialdemocrata de la Svizra) is a political party in Switzerland.
The city of Solothurn (Solothurn; Soleure; Soletta; Soloturn) is the capital of the Canton of Solothurn in Switzerland.
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The Sonderbund War (Sonderbundskrieg) of November 1847 was a civil war in Switzerland, then still a relatively loose confederacy of cantons (states).
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South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (lit. The Republic of Great Han; ROK), and commonly referred to as Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.
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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
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In physics, special relativity (SR, also known as the special theory of relativity or STR) is the generally accepted physical theory regarding the relationship between space and time.
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Sri Lanka (or; Sinhalese Śrī Laṃkāva, Tamil Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and known from the beginning of British colonial rule until 1972 as Ceylon, is an island country in South Asia near south-east India.
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Sri Lankan Tamils (also) or Ceylon Tamils, also known as Eelam Tamils in Tamil, are members of the Tamil ethnic group native to the South Asian island state of Sri Lanka.
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St. Gallen (or St Gall; Saint-Gall; San Gallo; Son Gagl) is the capital of the canton of St. Gallen in Switzerland.
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Stanislas "Stan" Wawrinka (born 28 March 1985) is a Swiss professional tennis player.
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Standard German (Standarddeutsch or Hochdeutsch) is the standardized variety of the German language used in formal contexts, and for communication between different dialect areas.
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Stans is the capital of the canton of Nidwalden (Nidwald) in Switzerland.
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A state religion (also called an established religion, state church, established church, or official religion) is a religious body or creed officially endorsed by the state.
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Steinstossen is the Swiss variant of stone put, a competition in throwing a heavy stone.
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The stone put is one of the main Scottish heavy athletic events at modern-day Highland games gatherings.
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Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
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Sursilvan is a group of dialects of the Romansh language spoken in the Surselva, on the western bank of the Rhine.
The Swabian League (Schwäbischer Bund) was a mutual defence and peace keeping association of Imperial Estates - Free Imperial cities, prelates, principalities and knights - principally in the territory of the Early medieval stem duchy of Swabia, established in 1488 at the behest of Emperor Frederick III of Habsburg and supported as well by Bertold von Henneberg-Römhild, archbishop of Mainz, whose conciliar rather than monarchic view of the Reich often put him at odds with Frederick's successor Maximilian.
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The Swabian War of 1499 (Schwabenkrieg, also called Schweizerkrieg ("Swiss War") in Germany and Engadiner Krieg in Austria) was the last major armed conflict between the Old Swiss Confederacy and the House of Habsburg.
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The Swiss Air Force (Schweizer Luftwaffe; Forces aériennes suisses; Forze aeree svizzere; Aviatica militara svizra) is the air component of the Swiss Armed Forces, established on 31 July 1914 as part of the army and in October 1936 an independent service.
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The Alpine region of Switzerland, conventionally referred to as the Swiss Alps (Schweizer Alpen, Alpes suisses, Alpi svizzere, Alps svizras), represents a major natural feature of the country and is, alongside with the Swiss Plateau and the Swiss portion of the Jura Mountains, one of its three main physiographic regions.
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The Swiss Broadcasting Corporation (SRG SSR) is the Swiss public broadcasting organisation, founded in 1931.
Swiss chocolate refers to chocolate produced in Switzerland.
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The Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation of 18 April 1999 (Bundesverfassung der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft; Constitution fédérale de la Confédération suisse; Costituzione federale della Confederazione Svizzera; Constituziun federala da la Confederaziun svizra) is the third and current federal constitution of Switzerland.
The Federal Council is the seven-member executive council which constitutes the federal government of Switzerland and serves as the collective head of government and state of Switzerland.
An election for all seven members of the Federal Council, the government of Switzerland, was held on 14 December 2011, following the federal election on 23 October 2011.
Swiss Federal Railways (Schweizerische Bundesbahnen (SBB), Chemins de fer fédéraux suisses (CFF), Ferrovie federali svizzere (FFS)) is the national railway company of Switzerland.
The franc (sign: Fr. or SFr. or FS; Franken, French and Romansh: franc, franco; code: CHF) is the currency and legal tender of Switzerland and Liechtenstein; it is also legal tender in the Italian exclave Campione d'Italia.
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Swiss German (Schweizerdeutsch, Schwyzerdütsch, Schwiizertüütsch, SchwizertitschBecause there is no standard orthography, many different spellings can be found.) refers to any of the Alemannic dialects spoken in Switzerland and in some Alpine communities in Northern Italy.
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Swiss Guards are the Swiss soldiers who have served as guards at foreign European courts since the late 15th century.
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The federal popular initiative "against mass immigration" (Eidgenössische Volksinitiative "Gegen Masseneinwanderung"., Initiative populaire « Contre l'immigration de masse »., Iniziativa popolare "Contro l'immigrazione di massa".) is a Swiss federal popular initiative.
Swiss International Air Lines AG (short: Swiss) is the flag carrier airline of Switzerland operating scheduled services in Europe and to North America, South America, Africa and Asia.
Swiss mercenaries (Reisläufer) were notable for their service in foreign armies, especially the armies of the Kings of France, throughout the Early Modern period of European history, from the Later Middle Ages into the Age of the European Enlightenment.
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The Swiss National Day (Schweizer Bundesfeier; Fête nationale Suisse; Festa nazionale svizzera; Romansh: Fiasta naziunala Svizra) is the national holiday of Switzerland, set on 1 August.
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The Swiss peasant war of 1653 was a popular revolt in the Old Swiss Confederacy at the time of the Ancien Régime.
The Swiss (die Schweizer, les Suisses, gli Svizzeri, ils Svizzers) are citizens or natives of Switzerland.
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The Swiss People's Party (Schweizerische Volkspartei, SVP, Partida populara Svizra, PPS), also known as the Democratic Union of the Centre (Union démocratique du centre, UDC, Unione Democratica di Centro, UDC), is a national conservative and right-wing populist political party in Switzerland.
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The Swiss Plateau or Central Plateau (Schweizer Mittelland; plateau suisse; altipiano svizzero) constitutes one of the three major landscapes in Switzerland alongside the Jura Mountains and the Swiss Alps.
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The Swiss Psalm (Schweizerpsalm, Cantique suisse, Salmo svizzero, Psalm Svizzer) is the national anthem of Switzerland.
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Swiss Reinsurance Company Ltd,"." Swiss Re.
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The Reformed branch of Protestantism in Switzerland was started in Zürich by Huldrych Zwingli and spread within a few years to Basel (Johannes Oecolampadius), Bern (Berchtold Haller and Niklaus Manuel), St. Gallen (Joachim Vadian), to cities in southern Germany and via Alsace (Martin Bucer) to France.
Swiss Space Office (SSO) is the national space program of Switzerland.
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Swiss Standard German (Schweizer Standarddeutsch), or Swiss High German (Schweizer Hochdeutsch or Schweizerhochdeutsch), referred to by the Swiss as Schriftdeutsch, or Hochdeutsch, is one of four official languages in Switzerland, besides French, Italian and Romansh.
The Swiss Super League (known as the Raiffeisen Super League for sponsorship reasons) is the top tier of the Swiss football league system.
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The Swiss Telegraphic Agency (German: Schweizerische Depeschenagentur, SDA; French: Agence télégraphique suisse, ATS; Italian: Agenzia telegrafica svizzera, ATS) is the national press agency of Switzerland, founded in 1894.
Swiss wine is produced from nearly 15 000 hectares of vineyards, and the wines are mainly produced in the west and in the south of Switzerland, in the cantons of Geneva, Neuchâtel, Ticino, Valais and Vaud.
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The rise of Switzerland as a federal state began on 12 September 1848, with the creation of a federal constitution, which was created in response to a 27-day civil war in Switzerland, the ''Sonderbundskrieg''.
During both World War I and World War II, Switzerland managed to keep a stance of armed neutrality, and was not involved militarily.
The territory of modern Switzerland was a part of the Roman Republic and Empire for a period of about six centuries, beginning with the step-by-step conquest of the area by Roman armies from the 2nd century BC and ending with the decline of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD.
The Switzerland national football team (also known as the Schweizer Nati in German, La Nati in French, Squadra nazionale in Italian) is the national football team of Switzerland.
The relations between Switzerland and the European Union (EU) are framed by a series of bilateral treaties whereby the Swiss Confederation has adopted various provisions of European Union law in order to participate in the Union's single market.
Tages-Anzeiger, also abbreviated Tagi or TA, is a Swiss German-language national daily newspaper published in Zurich, Switzerland.
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Telephone numbers in Switzerland are defined and assigned according to the Swiss telephone numbering plan administered by the Swiss Federal Office of Communications.
In geography, temperate or tepid latitudes of Earth lie between the tropics and the polar regions.
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Terroir (from terre, "land") is the set of all environmental factors that affect a crop's epigenetic qualities, when the crop is grown in a specific habitat.
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Tetra Pak is a multinational food packaging and processing company of Swedish origin with head offices in Lund, Sweden, and Lausanne, Switzerland.
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The Conference Board, Inc. is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt non-profit business membership and research group organization.
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The Physicists (Die Physiker) is a satiric drama written in 1961 by Swiss writer Friedrich Dürrenmatt.
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The Pledge (German: Das Versprechen) is a crime novella by Swiss author Friedrich Dürrenmatt, published in 1958, after Dürrenmatt thought that his previous movie script, Es geschah am hellichten Tag ("It happened in broad daylight") did not have a realistic ending.
Swatch Group Ltd. designs, manufactures, distributes and sells finished watches, watch movements, prestige watch components, electronic systems and luxury jewelry.
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Theism, in the field of comparative religion, is the belief that at least one deity exists.
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The Thirty Years' War was a series of wars in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
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Thomas Lüthi (born 6 September 1986) is a professional motorcycle road racer currently competing in the Moto2 Grand Prix World Championship.
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The Canton of Thurgau (German: Kanton, anglicized as Thurgovia) is a northeast canton of Switzerland.
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Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Dīvī Augustī Fīlius Augustus; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March 37 AD) was a Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD.
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The Republic and Canton of Ticino or Ticino (Tessin; see also in other languages) is the southernmost canton of Switzerland.
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The river Ticino (Tisín; Tessin; Ticinus) is the most important perennial left-bank tributary of the Po River.
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The wine region of Ticino started producing wine in the Roman era, but only after 1906, with the introduction of Merlot, did it begin to produce quality wine.
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The Toggenburg War, also known as the Second War of Villmergen or the Swiss Civil War of 1712, was a Swiss civil war during the Old Swiss Confederacy, that took place from 12 April until 11 August 1712.
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Tourism is travel for recreation, leisure, religious, family or business purposes, usually for a limited duration.
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The Treaty of Basel of 22 September 1499 was an armistice following the Battle of Dornach, concluding the Swabian War, fought between the Swabian League and the Old Swiss Confederacy.
The Treaty of Verdun, signed in August 843, was the first of the treaties that divided the Carolingian Empire into three kingdoms among the three surviving sons of Louis the Pious, the son and successor of Charlemagne.
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The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT, is an international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.
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UBS AG is a Swiss global financial services company, incorporated in the Canton of Zurich, and co-headquartered in Zürich and Basel.
New!!: Switzerland and UBS ·
The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA,; Union des Associations Européennes de Football; Vereinigung Europäischer Fußballverbände) is the administrative body for association football in Europe, although several members have territory which is all or partially in Africa or Asia.
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The 2008 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2008 or simply Euro 2008, was the 13th UEFA European Football Championship, a quadrennial football tournament contested by European nations.
New!!: Switzerland and UEFA Euro 2008 ·
Ulrich "Ueli" Maurer (born 1 December 1950 in Wetzikon) is a member of the Swiss Federal Council and head of the Swiss Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sports (the Swiss defence minister).
New!!: Switzerland and Ueli Maurer ·
Unemployment occurs when people are without work and actively seeking work.
New!!: Switzerland and Unemployment ·
The Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI;, French for "International Cycling Union") is the world governing body for sports cycling and oversees international competitive cycling events.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.
New!!: Switzerland and United Nations ·
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), also known as the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations agency mandated to protect and support refugees at the request of a government or the UN itself and assists in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a United Nations System inter-governmental body whose 47 member states are responsible for promoting and protecting human rights around the world.
The United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG) is the second-largest of the four major office sites of the United Nations (second to the United Nations Headquarters in New York City).
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, US dollar or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its overseas territories.
New!!: Switzerland and United States dollar ·
The University of Basel (German: Universität Basel) is located in Basel, Switzerland, and is considered to be one of the leading universities in the country.
New!!: Switzerland and University of Basel ·
The University of St.
The University of Zurich (UZH, Universität Zürich), located in the city of Zürich, is the largest university in Switzerland, with over 26,000 students.
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Unspunnenfest is a festival held in the town of Interlaken, Switzerland, near the old ruin of Unspunnen Castle, in the Bernese Alps, approximately once every twelve years, most recently in 2006.
New!!: Switzerland and Unspunnenfest ·
Unterwalden (Latinized as Sylvania, later also Subsylvania as opposed to Supersylvania) is the old name of a forest-canton of the Old Swiss Confederacy in central Switzerland, south of Lake Lucerne, consisting of two valleys or Talschaften, now organized as two half-cantons, an upper part, Obwalden, and a lower part, Nidwalden.
New!!: Switzerland and Unterwalden ·
Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno is a Latin phrase that means "One for all, all for one" in English.
An upper house, often called a Senate, is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house.
New!!: Switzerland and Upper house ·
Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities.
New!!: Switzerland and Urban sprawl ·
The Canton of Valais (Wallis) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland, situated in the southwestern part of the country, around the valley of the Rhône from its headwaters to Lake Geneva, separating the Pennine Alps from the Bernese Alps.
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The Vallée de Joux is a valley of the Jura Mountains mainly in the Swiss Canton of Vaud.
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Valtellina or the Valtelline (occasionally spelled as two words in English: Val Telline); Veltlin, Valtellina, (Valtulina, Vuclina) is a valley in the Lombardy region of northern Italy, bordering Switzerland.
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A value-added tax (VAT) or also General Sales tax (GST) is a form of consumption tax.
New!!: Switzerland and Value-added tax ·
Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is a walled enclave within the city of Rome.
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The Canton of Vaud (Waadt) is the third largest of Swiss cantons by population and fourth by size.
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Velcro Industries is a privately held worldwide corporation manufacturing consumer and industrial products.
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Vichy France is the Allies' description of the government of the French State (État français), following its relocation to the spa town of Vichy, headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain from 1940 to 1944 during World War II.
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Vignette is a form of road pricing imposed on vehicles, usually in addition to the compulsory road tax, based on a period of time instead of road tolls based on distance traveled.
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Villa rustica (countryside villa) was the term used by the ancient Romans to denote a villa set in the open countryside, often as the hub of a large agricultural estate (latifundium).
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Vindonissa (from a Gaulish toponym in *windo- "white") was a Roman legion camp at modern Windisch, Switzerland.
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Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (p), alias Lenin (p) (– 21 January 1924) was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
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Vladimir Prelog FRS (23 July 1906 – 7 January 1998) was a Croatian-Swiss organic chemist and winner of the 1975 Nobel Prize for chemistry.
New!!: Switzerland and Vladimir Prelog ·
Voting in Switzerland (called votation) is the process by which Swiss citizens make decisions about governance and elect officials.
The wars of Kappel (Kappelerkriege) is a collective term for two armed conflicts fought near Kappel am Albis between the Protestant and the Roman Catholic cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy during the Reformation in Switzerland.
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Wealth is the abundance of valuable resources or valuable material possessions.
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Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
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The Western world, also known as the West and the Occident (from Latin: occidens "sunset, West"; as contrasted with the Orient), is a term referring to different nations depending on the context.
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Windisch is a municipality in the district of Brugg in the canton of Aargau in Switzerland.
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The Winter Olympic Games (French: Jeux olympiques d'hiver) is a major international sporting event that occurs once every four years.
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The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva.
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The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health.
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 17 specialized agencies of the United Nations.
The FIA World Touring Car Championship (WTCC) is an international Touring Car championship sanctioned by the FIA.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization which regulates international trade.
A world war is a war involving some of the world's most powerful and populous countries.
New!!: Switzerland and World war ·
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. (d/b/a WWE) is an American publicly traded, privately controlled entertainment company that deals primarily in professional wrestling, with major revenue sources also coming from film, music, product licensing and direct product sales.
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The WWE United States Championship is a professional wrestling championship in WWE.
Xenophobia is the dislike of that which is perceived to be foreign or strange.
New!!: Switzerland and Xenophobia ·
Yodeling (also yodelling or jodeling) is a form of singing which involves repeated and rapid changes of pitch between the low-pitch chest register (or "chest voice") and the high-pitch head register or falsetto.
New!!: Switzerland and Yodeling ·
Zülpich is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany between Aachen and Bonn.
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Zürcher Geschnetzeltes (German for "sliced meat Zurich style", Züri-Gschnätzlets in Zürich German, émincé de veau zurichoise in French) is a Swiss dish from the Zurich region.
Zürich or Zurich (Zürich, Swiss German: Züri, Zurich, Zurigo, Turitg) is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
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Zürich Airport (Flughafen Zürich), also known as Kloten Airport, is the largest international airport of Switzerland and the principal hub of Swiss International Air Lines.
New!!: Switzerland and Zürich Airport ·
The Züriputsch of 6 September 1839 was a putsch of the rural conservative population against the liberal rule of the city of Zürich on the eve of the formation of the Swiss federal state.
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Zug (Zug,; Zoug; Zugo; Zug; Neo-Latin Tugium (named in the 16th century)), is a city in Switzerland.
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Zurich Insurance Group Ltd. is a Swiss insurance company, commonly known as Zurich, headquartered in Zürich, Switzerland.
.ch is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Switzerland in the Domain Name System of the Internet.
New!!: Switzerland and .ch ·
The meridian 11° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
New!!: Switzerland and 11th meridian east ·
The 1954 FIFA World Cup, the fifth staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in Switzerland from 16 June to 4 July.
New!!: Switzerland and 1954 FIFA World Cup ·
The 1955 Le Mans disaster occurred during the 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race, when a crash caused large fragments of racing car debris to fly into the crowd.
The 2000-watt society (2,000-Watt Society) is an environmental vision, first introduced in 1998 by the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich, which pictures the average First World citizen reducing their overall average continuous energy usage to no more than 2,000 watts (48 kilowatt-hours per day) by the year 2050 - without lowering their standard of living.
New!!: Switzerland and 2000-watt society ·
The 2004 enlargement of the European Union was the largest single expansion of the European Union (EU), in terms of territory, number of states, and population to date; however, it was not the largest in terms of gross domestic product.
The 2007–08 A1 Grand Prix season was the third in the relatively short history of the championship.
The 2009 IIHF World Championship took place in Switzerland from 24 April to 10 May.
The 2013 IIHF World Championship was the 77th event hosted by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF), held in Stockholm, Sweden, and Helsinki, Finland, between 3–19 May 2013.
The 45th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 45 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
New!!: Switzerland and 45th parallel north ·
The 48th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 48 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
New!!: Switzerland and 48th parallel north ·
The meridian 5° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
New!!: Switzerland and 5th meridian east ·
Confederatio Helvetica, Confederation Helvetia, Confederation Helvetica, Confederation Suisse, Confederation of Helvatia, Confederation suisse, Confederazione Svizzera, Confederaziun Svizra, Confederaziun svizra, Confoederatio Helvetica, Confédération Suisse, Confédération suisse, Confœderatio Helvetica, Der Schweiz, Die Schweiz, Environmental Integrity Group, Etymology of Switzerland, ISO 3166-1:CH, Land of the Swiss, Land of the Switzers, SWITZERLAND, Schweitz, Schweiz, Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft, Schwitzerland, Suisse, Suiza, Svissland, Svizra, Svizzera, Swiss, Swiss Confederated States, Swiss Confederation, Swiss confederation, SwissEnergy, Swissland, Switserland, Switz, Switzeland, Switzer land, Swizerland, Swizterland, Švýcarsko.