121 relations: Alluvium, Amalgam (chemistry), Ancient Rome, AngloGold Ashanti, Artisanal mining, Ashanti Region, Aurora gold mine, Australian gold rushes, Baia Mare, Barrick Gold, BBC, Bingham Canyon Mine, Bronze Age, Bulgaria, California Gold Rush, Canada, Carlin Unconformity, Chola dynasty, Cité de l'Or, Claudius, Copper, Cyanide, Dacia, Dolaucothi Gold Mines, Dompoase, Egypt, Electrowinning, Elution, Fairtrade certification, Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, Galamsey, Georgia (country), Georgia Gold Rush, Gold, Gold extraction, Gold mining in Alaska, Gold mining in China, Gold mining in the United States, Gold prospecting, Gold rush, Goldcorp, Goldstrike mine, Grasberg mine, Gupta Empire, Guyana, Harappa, Hatti Gold Mines, Holcomb Valley, Human Rights Watch, Hushing, ..., Hydraulic mining, Hydrometallurgy, Illegal mining, India, Johannesburg, Karnataka, Klondike Gold Rush, Kolar district, Kolar Gold Fields, Kremnica, Las Médulas, List of countries by gold production, List of gold mines in Australia, Loader (equipment), London, Mercury (element), Middle Ages, Minamata Convention on Mercury, Mineral industry of Africa, Mining, Mining industry of South Africa, Mohenjo-daro, Mysore, Natural resource, Newcrest Mining, Newmont Mining Corporation, Non-governmental organization, Omai mine, Open-pit mining, Ore genesis, Otago Gold Rush, Peak gold, Pike's Peak Gold Rush, Placer deposit, Placer mining, Quartz reef mining, Recreational gold mining, Reko Diq Mine, Roman conquest of Britain, Romania, Russia, Saindak Copper Gold Project, Sakdrisi, Second Boer War, Sibanye-Stillwater, Silver, Sodium cyanide, Sukari mine, Sulfuric acid, Sustainable business, Tailings, Tipu Sultan, Tisza, Tonne, Toroparu mine, Trajan's Column, Transylvania, Trommel screen, Underground mining (hard rock), United States Geological Survey, Varna Necropolis, Victoria and Albert Museum, Victorian gold rush, Vijayanagara Empire, Welsh gold, Witwatersrand, Witwatersrand Basin, Witwatersrand Gold Rush, World Jewellery Confederation, Zinc, 2000 Baia Mare cyanide spill. Expand index (71 more) » « Shrink index
Alluvium (from the Latin alluvius, from alluere, "to wash against") is loose, unconsolidated (not cemented together into a solid rock) soil or sediments, which has been eroded, reshaped by water in some form, and redeposited in a non-marine setting.
An amalgam is an alloy of mercury with another metal, which may be a liquid, a soft paste or a solid, depending upon the proportion of mercury.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
AngloGold Ashanti Limited is a global gold mining company.
Artisanal and Small Scale Mining (ASM) is emerging as an important socio-economic sector for the rural poor in many developing nations.
The Ashanti Region is located in south Ghana and is third largest of 10 administrative regions, occupying a total land surface of or 10.2 per cent of the total land area of Ghana.
The Aurora mine is one of the largest gold mines in Guyana and in the world.
During the Australian gold rushes, significant numbers of workers (both from other areas within Australia and from overseas) relocated to areas in which gold had been discovered.
Baia Mare (Nagybánya; Frauenbach; Бая-Маре; Rivulus Dominarum; באניע, Banya) is a municipality along the Săsar River, in northwestern Romania; it is the capital of Maramureș County.
Barrick Gold Corporation is the largest gold mining company in the world, with its headquarters in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
The Bingham Canyon Mine, more commonly known as Kennecott Copper Mine among locals, is an open-pit mining operation extracting a large porphyry copper deposit southwest of Salt Lake City, Utah, in the Oquirrh Mountains.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Carlin Unconformity or Carlin Trend is a geologic feature in northeastern Nevada which represents a period of erosion or non-deposition likely associated with a collision between a tectonic crustal block called a terrane and the North American Plate.
The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India.
The Cité de l'Or ("The City of Gold") is an attraction located in Val-d'Or, in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region of Quebec, Canada.
Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to 54.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the group C≡N.
In ancient geography, especially in Roman sources, Dacia was the land inhabited by the Dacians.
The Dolaucothi Gold Mines (Mwynfeydd Aur Dolaucothi), also known as the Ogofau Gold Mine, are ancient Roman surface and underground mines located in the valley of the River Cothi, near Pumsaint, Carmarthenshire, Wales.
Dompoase, a suburb of Kumasi, Ashanti Region, is a town of 30,000 people in Ghana.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Electrowinning, also called electroextraction, is the electrodeposition of metals from their ores that have been put in solution via a process commonly referred to as leaching.
In analytical and organic chemistry, elution is the process of extracting one material from another by washing with a solvent; as in washing of loaded ion-exchange resins to remove captured ions.
The Fairtrade certification initiative was created to form a new method for economic trade.
The Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, (also Fraser Gold Rush and Fraser River Gold Rush) began in 1857 after gold was discovered on the Thompson River in British Columbia at its confluence with the Nicoamen River a few miles upstream from the Thompson's confluence with the Fraser River at present-day Lytton.
A galamsey, derived from the phrase "gather them and sell", is a local Ghanaian term which means illegal small-scale gold mining in Ghana, West Africa; such workers are known as galamseyers or orpailleurs in neighboring francophone nations.
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
The Georgia Gold Rush was the second significant gold rush in the United States and the first in Georgia, and overshadowed the previous rush in North Carolina.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Gold extraction refers to the processes required to extract gold from its ores.
Gold mining in Alaska, a state of the United States, has been a major industry and impetus for exploration and settlement since a few years after the United States acquired the territory from Russia.
Gold mining in the People's Republic of China has made that country the world's largest gold producer by far with 463.7 tonnes in 2016.
Gold mining in the United States has taken place continually since the discovery of gold at the Reed farm in North Carolina in 1799.
Gold prospecting is the act of searching for new gold deposits.
A gold rush is a new discovery of gold—sometimes accompanied by other precious metals and rare earth minerals—that brings an onrush of miners seeking their fortune.
Goldcorp Inc. is a gold production company headquartered in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Goldstrike is a gold mine in Eureka County in north-eastern Nevada.
The Grasberg mine is the largest gold mine and the second largest copper mine in the world.
The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire, existing from approximately 240 to 590 CE.
Guyana (pronounced or), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.
Harappa (Urdu/ہڑپّہ) is an archaeological site in Punjab, Pakistan, about west of Sahiwal.
Hutti Gold Mines also spelled as Hatti is a town in Raichur district in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Holcomb Valley, located in the San Bernardino Mountains about five miles north of Big Bear Lake, was the site of the most gold mines in Southern California.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.
Hushing is an ancient and historic mining method using a flood or torrent of water to reveal mineral veins.
Hydraulic mining, or hydraulicking, is a form of mining that uses high-pressure jets of water to dislodge rock material or move sediment.
Hydrometallurgy is a method for obtaining metals from their ores.
Illegal mining is mining activity without state permission, in particular in absence of land rights, mining license, exploration or mineral transportation permit.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
The Klondike Gold Rush was a migration by an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north-western Canada between 1896 and 1899.
Kolar district) is a district in the state of Karnataka, India. Kolar is the district headquarters. Located in southern Karnataka, it is the state's easternmost district. The district is surrounded by the Bangalore Rural district on the west, Chikballapur district on the north, the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh on the east and the Krishnagiri and Vellore districts of Tamil Nadu on the south. On 10 September 2007, it was bifurcated to form the new district of Chikballapur. Due to the discovery of the Kolar Gold Fields, the district has become known as the "Golden Land" of India.
KGF or Kolar Gold Fields is a mining region and taluk, in the Kolar District of Karnataka state, India.
Kremnica (Kremnitz, Körmöcbánya) is a town in central Slovakia.
Las Médulas is a historic gold-mining site near the town of Ponferrada in the comarca of El Bierzo (province of León, Castile and León, Spain).
This is a list of countries by gold production in 2016.
This list of gold mines in Australia is subsidiary to the list of mines article and lists working, defunct and planned mines in the country organised by state.
A loader is a heavy equipment machine used in construction to move aside or load materials such as asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, snow, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, woodchips, etc.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The Minamata Convention on Mercury is an international treaty designed to protect human health and the environment from anthropogenic emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compounds.
The mineral industry of Africa is the largest mineral industries in the world.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.
Mining in South Africa was once the main driving force behind the history and development of Africa's most advanced and richest economy.
Mohenjo-daro (موئن جو دڙو, meaning 'Mound of the Dead Men'; موئن جو دڑو) is an archaeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan.
Mysore, officially Mysuru, is the third most populous city in the state of Karnataka, India.
Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.
Newcrest Mining Limited is an Australian-based corporation which engages in the exploration, development, mining and sale of gold and gold-copper concentrate.
Newmont Mining Corporation, based in Greenwood Village, Colorado, USA, is a mining company that traces its roots to the diversified holding company William Boyce Thompson established in 1916.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
The Omai mine is one of the largest gold mines in the Guyana and in the world.
Open-pit, open-cast or open cut mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow.
Various theories of ore genesis explain how the various types of mineral deposits form within the Earth's crust.
The Otago Gold Rush (often called the Central Otago Gold Rush) was a gold rush that occurred during the 1860s in Central Otago, New Zealand.
Peak gold is the date at which the maximum rate of global gold extraction is reached.
The Pike's Peak Gold Rush (later known as the Colorado Gold Rush) was the boom in gold prospecting and mining in the Pike's Peak Country of western Kansas Territory and southwestern Nebraska Territory of the United States that began in July 1858 and lasted until roughly the creation of the Colorado Territory on February 28, 1861.
In geology, a placer deposit or placer is an accumulation of valuable minerals formed by gravity separation from a specific source rock during sedimentary processes.
Placer mining is the mining of stream bed (alluvial) deposits for minerals.
Quartz reef mining played an important role in 19th Century gold-mining districts such as Bendigo, Victoria, Central Otago in New Zealand, and the California mother lode.
Recreational gold mining and prospecting has become a popular outdoor recreation in a number of countries, including New Zealand (especially in Otago), Australia, South Africa, Wales (at Dolaucothi and in Gwynedd), in Canada and in the United States especially in western states and California.
The Reko Diq mine is located near Reko Diq town in Chagai District, Balochistan, Pakistan.
The Roman conquest of Britain was a gradual process, beginning effectively in AD 43 under Emperor Claudius, whose general Aulus Plautius served as first governor of Roman Britain (Britannia).
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Saindak Copper-Gold Mine is located near Saindak town in Chagai District of Balochistan, Pakistan.
Sakdrisi (საყდრისი), also known as the Sakdrisi-Kachagiani site (საყდრისი-ყაჩაღიანი), is a gold mine and an archaeological site, containing a prehistoric mine, in Georgia, in the south of the country's Kvemo Kartli region, located between the Neolithic site of Arukhlo and the Paleolithic site of Dmanisi.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
Sibanye-Stillwater is the largest individual producer of gold from South Africa and is one of 10 largest gold producers globally.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
Sodium cyanide is an inorganic compound with the formula NaCN.
The Sukari mine or Alsukari mine (Arabic: السكري Al-Sukkari, Egyptian pronunciation: El-Sokkari) is a Gold Mine located in the Nubian Desert/Eastern Desert near the Red Sea in Egypt in the south-east of the country in the Red Sea Governorate, 30 km south of Marsa Alam.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
Sustainable business, or a green business, is an enterprise that has minimal negative impact on the global or local environment, community, society, or economy—a business that strives to meet the triple bottom line.
Tailings, also called mine dumps, culm dumps, slimes, tails, refuse, leach residue or slickens, terra-cone (terrikon), are the materials left over after the process of separating the valuable fraction from the uneconomic fraction (gangue) of an ore.
Tipu Sultan (born Sultan Fateh Ali Sahab Tipu, 20 November 1750 – 4 May 1799), also known as the Tipu Sahib, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore.
The Tisza or Tisa is one of the main rivers of Central Europe.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
The Toroparu mine is one of the largest gold mines in the Guyana and in the world.
Trajan's Column (Colonna Traiana, COLVMNA·TRAIANI) is a Roman triumphal column in Rome, Italy, that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars.
Transylvania is a historical region in today's central Romania.
A trommel screen, also known as a rotary screen, is a mechanical screening machine used to separate materials, mainly in the mineral and solid-waste processing industries.
Underground hard rock mining refers to various underground mining techniques used to excavate hard minerals, usually those containing metals such as ore containing gold, silver, iron, copper, zinc, nickel, tin and lead, but also involves using the same techniques for excavating ores of gems such as diamonds.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The so-called Varna Necropolis (Варненски некропол) (also Varna Cemetery) is a burial site from 4569–4340 BC in the western industrial zone of Varna (approximately half a kilometre from Lake Varna and 4 km from the city centre), internationally considered one of the key archaeological sites in world prehistory.
The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) in London is the world's largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 2.3 million objects.
The Victorian gold rush was a period in the history of Victoria, Australia approximately between 1851 and the late 1860s.
The Vijayanagara Empire (also called Karnata Empire, and the Kingdom of Bisnegar by the Portuguese) was based in the Deccan Plateau region in South India.
Welsh gold is gold that occurs naturally in two distinct areas of Wales and highly prized because of its origin and scarcity.
The Witwatersrand (locally the Rand or, less commonly, the Reef) is a, north-facing scarp in South Africa.
The Witwatersrand Basin is a largely underground geological formation which surfaces in the Witwatersrand, South Africa.
The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a gold rush in 1886 that led to the establishment of Johannesburg, South Africa.
World Jewellery Confederation, (in French Confédération Internationale de la Bijouterie, Joaillerie, Orfèvrerie des Diamants, Perles et Pierres) (CIBJO), has its headquarters in Bern, Switzerland.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
The 2000 Baia Mare cyanide spill was a leak of cyanide near Baia Mare, Romania, into the Someș River by the gold mining company Aurul, a joint-venture of the Australian company Esmeralda Exploration and the Romanian government.
Environmental impact of gold mining, Garimpeiro, Garimpeiros, Gold Mine, Gold exploration, Gold mine, Gold miner, Gold mines, Gold mining industry, Gold producer, Gold production, Gold-mine, Gold-mining.