Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Language change

Index Language change

Language change is variation over time in a language's phonological, morphological, semantic, syntactic, and other features. [1]

69 relations: Accent (sociolinguistics), Calque, Canidae, Changes to Old English vocabulary, Cluster reduction, Creolization, Culture, East Anglia, East Midlands English, Elision, English language, English orthography, Evolutionary linguistics, Ferdinand de Saussure, Grammaticalization, Guy Deutscher (linguist), Historical linguistics, History of English, Homogeneity and heterogeneity, John McWhorter, Koiné language, Language, Language contact, Language policy, Laryngeal theory, Lenition, Linguistic description, Linguistic prescription, List of lexicographers, Literacy, Loanword, London, Martha's Vineyard, Mercia, Morphemization, Morphology (linguistics), Natural language, Neologism, Northumberland, Old English, Onomasiology, Origin of language, Phono-semantic matching, Phonology, Principle of least effort, Printing press, Pronunciation, Proto-Indo-European language, Received Pronunciation, Relexification, ..., Rhoticity in English, Semantic change, Semantics, Sociolinguistics, Sound change, Sound recording and reproduction, Spelling, Stratum (linguistics), Syntactic change, Syntax, Typography, Valence (psychology), Variety (linguistics), Vowel reduction, Wave model, William Caxton, William Labov, William Shakespeare, Yer. Expand index (19 more) »

Accent (sociolinguistics)

In sociolinguistics, an accent is a manner of pronunciation peculiar to a particular individual, location, or nation.

New!!: Language change and Accent (sociolinguistics) · See more »


In linguistics, a calque or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation.

New!!: Language change and Calque · See more »


The biological family Canidae (from Latin, canis, “dog”) is a lineage of carnivorans that includes domestic dogs, wolves, coyotes, foxes, jackals, dingoes, and many other extant and extinct dog-like mammals.

New!!: Language change and Canidae · See more »

Changes to Old English vocabulary

Many words that existed in Old English did not survive into Modern English.

New!!: Language change and Changes to Old English vocabulary · See more »

Cluster reduction

In phonology and historical linguistics, cluster reduction is the simplification of consonant clusters in certain environments or over time.

New!!: Language change and Cluster reduction · See more »


Creolization is the process in which Creole cultures emerge in the New World.

New!!: Language change and Creolization · See more »


Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.

New!!: Language change and Culture · See more »

East Anglia

East Anglia is a geographical area in the East of England.

New!!: Language change and East Anglia · See more »

East Midlands English

East Midlands English is a traditional dialect with modern local and social variations spoken in those parts of the Midlands loosely lying east of Watling Street separating it from West Midlands English, north of a variable isogloss of the variant of Southern English of Oxfordshire and East Anglian English of Cambridgeshire and south of another that separates it from Yorkshire dialect.

New!!: Language change and East Midlands English · See more »


In linguistics, an elision or deletion is the omission of one or more sounds (such as a vowel, a consonant, or a whole syllable) in a word or phrase.

New!!: Language change and Elision · See more »

English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

New!!: Language change and English language · See more »

English orthography

English orthography is the system of writing conventions used to represent spoken English in written form that allows readers to connect spelling to sound to meaning.

New!!: Language change and English orthography · See more »

Evolutionary linguistics

Evolutionary linguistics is a subfield of psycholinguistics that studies the psychosocial and cultural factors involved in the origin of language and the development of linguistic universals.

New!!: Language change and Evolutionary linguistics · See more »

Ferdinand de Saussure

Ferdinand de Saussure (26 November 1857 – 22 February 1913) was a Swiss linguist and semiotician.

New!!: Language change and Ferdinand de Saussure · See more »


In historical linguistics and language change, grammaticalization (also known as grammatization or grammaticization) is a process of language change by which words representing objects and actions (i.e. nouns and verbs) become grammatical markers (affixes, prepositions, etc.). Thus it creates new function words by a process other than deriving them from existing bound, inflectional constructions, instead deriving them from content words.

New!!: Language change and Grammaticalization · See more »

Guy Deutscher (linguist)

Guy Deutscher (גיא דויטשר; born 1969 in Tel Aviv) is an Israeli linguist.

New!!: Language change and Guy Deutscher (linguist) · See more »

Historical linguistics

Historical linguistics, also called diachronic linguistics, is the scientific study of language change over time.

New!!: Language change and Historical linguistics · See more »

History of English

English is a West Germanic language that originated from Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Britain in the mid 5th to 7th centuries AD by Anglo-Saxon settlers from what is now northwest Germany, west Denmark and the Netherlands, displacing the Celtic languages that previously predominated.

New!!: Language change and History of English · See more »

Homogeneity and heterogeneity

Homogeneity and heterogeneity are concepts often used in the sciences and statistics relating to the uniformity in a substance or organism.

New!!: Language change and Homogeneity and heterogeneity · See more »

John McWhorter

John Hamilton McWhorter V (born October 6, 1965) is an American academic and linguist who is Associate Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Columbia University, where he teaches linguistics, American studies, philosophy, and music history.

New!!: Language change and John McWhorter · See more »

Koiné language

In linguistics, a koiné language, koiné dialect, or simply koiné (Ancient Greek κοινή, "common ") is a standard language or dialect that has arisen as a result of contact between two or more mutually intelligible varieties (dialects) of the same language.

New!!: Language change and Koiné language · See more »


Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.

New!!: Language change and Language · See more »

Language contact

Language contact occurs when speakers of two or more languages or varieties interact and influence each other.

New!!: Language change and Language contact · See more »

Language policy

Many countries have a language policy designed to favor or discourage the use of a particular language or set of languages.

New!!: Language change and Language policy · See more »

Laryngeal theory

The laryngeal theory aims to produce greater regularity in the reconstruction of Proto-Indo-European (PIE) phonology than from the reconstruction that is produced by the comparative method.

New!!: Language change and Laryngeal theory · See more »


In linguistics, lenition is a kind of sound change that alters consonants, making them more sonorous.

New!!: Language change and Lenition · See more »

Linguistic description

In the study of language, description or descriptive linguistics is the work of objectively analyzing and describing how language is actually used (or how it was used in the past) by a group of people in a speech community.

New!!: Language change and Linguistic description · See more »

Linguistic prescription

Linguistic prescription, or prescriptive grammar, is the attempt to lay down rules defining correct use of language.

New!!: Language change and Linguistic prescription · See more »

List of lexicographers

This list contains people who contributed to the field of lexicography, the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries.

New!!: Language change and List of lexicographers · See more »


Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.

New!!: Language change and Literacy · See more »


A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.

New!!: Language change and Loanword · See more »


London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

New!!: Language change and London · See more »

Martha's Vineyard

Martha's Vineyard (Wampanoag: Noepe; often called just the Vineyard) is an island located south of Cape Cod in Massachusetts that is known for being an affluent summer colony.

New!!: Language change and Martha's Vineyard · See more »


Mercia (Miercna rīce) was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy.

New!!: Language change and Mercia · See more »


Morphemization is a term describing the process of creating a new morpheme using existing linguistic material.

New!!: Language change and Morphemization · See more »

Morphology (linguistics)

In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.

New!!: Language change and Morphology (linguistics) · See more »

Natural language

In neuropsychology, linguistics, and the philosophy of language, a natural language or ordinary language is any language that has evolved naturally in humans through use and repetition without conscious planning or premeditation.

New!!: Language change and Natural language · See more »


A neologism (from Greek νέο- néo-, "new" and λόγος lógos, "speech, utterance") is a relatively recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been fully accepted into mainstream language.

New!!: Language change and Neologism · See more »


Northumberland (abbreviated Northd) is a county in North East England.

New!!: Language change and Northumberland · See more »

Old English

Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

New!!: Language change and Old English · See more »


Onomasiology (from ὀνομάζω (onomāzο)—to name, which in turn is from ὄνομα—name) is a branch of linguistics concerned with the question "how do you express X?" It is in fact most commonly understood as a branch of lexicology, the study of words (although some apply the term also to grammar and conversation).

New!!: Language change and Onomasiology · See more »

Origin of language

The evolutionary emergence of language in the human species has been a subject of speculation for several centuries.

New!!: Language change and Origin of language · See more »

Phono-semantic matching

Phono-semantic matching (PSM) is the incorporation of a word into one language from another, often creating a neologism), where the word's non-native quality is hidden by replacing it with phonetically and semantically similar words or roots from the adopting language. Thus, the approximate sound and meaning of the original expression in the source language are preserved, though the new expression (the PSM) in the target language may sound native. Phono-semantic matching is distinct from calquing, which includes (semantic) translation but does not include phonetic matching (i.e. retaining the approximate sound of the borrowed word through matching it with a similar-sounding pre-existent word or morpheme in the target language). At the same time, phono-semantic matching is also distinct from homophonic translation, which retains the sound of a word but not the meaning.

New!!: Language change and Phono-semantic matching · See more »


Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.

New!!: Language change and Phonology · See more »

Principle of least effort

The principle of least effort is a broad theory that covers diverse fields from evolutionary biology to webpage design.

New!!: Language change and Principle of least effort · See more »

Printing press

A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.

New!!: Language change and Printing press · See more »


Pronunciation is the way in which a word or a language is spoken.

New!!: Language change and Pronunciation · See more »

Proto-Indo-European language

Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.

New!!: Language change and Proto-Indo-European language · See more »

Received Pronunciation

Received Pronunciation (RP) is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales.

New!!: Language change and Received Pronunciation · See more »


In linguistics, relexification is a mechanism of language change by which one language changes much or all of its lexicon, including basic vocabulary, with the lexicon of another language, without drastically changing the relexified language's grammar.

New!!: Language change and Relexification · See more »

Rhoticity in English

Rhoticity in English refers to English speakers' pronunciation of the historical rhotic consonant, and is one of the most prominent distinctions by which varieties of English can be classified.

New!!: Language change and Rhoticity in English · See more »

Semantic change

Semantic change (also semantic shift, semantic progression, semantic development, or semantic drift) is the evolution of word usage—usually to the point that the modern meaning is radically different from the original usage.

New!!: Language change and Semantic change · See more »


Semantics (from σημαντικός sēmantikós, "significant") is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning, in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.

New!!: Language change and Semantics · See more »


Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and society's effect on language.

New!!: Language change and Sociolinguistics · See more »

Sound change

Sound change includes any processes of language change that affect pronunciation (phonetic change) or sound system structures (phonological change).

New!!: Language change and Sound change · See more »

Sound recording and reproduction

Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.

New!!: Language change and Sound recording and reproduction · See more »


Spelling is the combination of alphabetic letters to form a written word.

New!!: Language change and Spelling · See more »

Stratum (linguistics)

In linguistics, a stratum (Latin for "layer") or strate is a language that influences, or is influenced by another through contact.

New!!: Language change and Stratum (linguistics) · See more »

Syntactic change

In the field of linguistics, syntactic change is change in the syntactic structure of a natural language.

New!!: Language change and Syntactic change · See more »


In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.

New!!: Language change and Syntax · See more »


Typography is the art and technique of arranging type to make written language legible, readable, and appealing when displayed.

New!!: Language change and Typography · See more »

Valence (psychology)

Valence, as used in psychology, especially in discussing emotions, means the intrinsic attractiveness/"good"-ness (positive valence) or averseness/"bad"-ness (negative valence) of an event, object, or situation.

New!!: Language change and Valence (psychology) · See more »

Variety (linguistics)

In sociolinguistics a variety, also called a lect, is a specific form of a language or language cluster.

New!!: Language change and Variety (linguistics) · See more »

Vowel reduction

In phonetics, vowel reduction is any of various changes in the acoustic quality of vowels, which are related to changes in stress, sonority, duration, loudness, articulation, or position in the word (e.g. for the Creek language), and which are perceived as "weakening".

New!!: Language change and Vowel reduction · See more »

Wave model

In historical linguistics, the wave model or wave theory (German Wellentheorie) is a model of language change in which a new language feature (innovation) or a new combination of language features spreads from a central region of origin in continuously weakening concentric circles, similar to the waves created when a stone is thrown into a body of water.

New!!: Language change and Wave model · See more »

William Caxton

William Caxton (c. 1422 – c. 1491) was an English merchant, diplomat, writer and printer.

New!!: Language change and William Caxton · See more »

William Labov

William "Bill" Labov (born December 4, 1927) is an American linguist, widely regarded as the founder of the discipline of variationist sociolinguistics.

New!!: Language change and William Labov · See more »

William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

New!!: Language change and William Shakespeare · See more »


A yer is one of two letters in Cyrillic alphabets: ъ (ѥръ, jerŭ) and ь (ѥрь, jerĭ).

New!!: Language change and Yer · See more »

Redirects here:

Analogic change, Changes in language, Corruption (grammar), Corruption (linguistic), Corruption (linguistics), Language Modernisation, Language modernisation, Lexical change, Linguistic change, Linguistic corruption.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Language_change

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »