69 relations: Accent (sociolinguistics), Calque, Canidae, Changes to Old English vocabulary, Cluster reduction, Creolization, Culture, East Anglia, East Midlands English, Elision, English language, English orthography, Evolutionary linguistics, Ferdinand de Saussure, Grammaticalization, Guy Deutscher (linguist), Historical linguistics, History of English, Homogeneity and heterogeneity, John McWhorter, Koiné language, Language, Language contact, Language policy, Laryngeal theory, Lenition, Linguistic description, Linguistic prescription, List of lexicographers, Literacy, Loanword, London, Martha's Vineyard, Mercia, Morphemization, Morphology (linguistics), Natural language, Neologism, Northumberland, Old English, Onomasiology, Origin of language, Phono-semantic matching, Phonology, Principle of least effort, Printing press, Pronunciation, Proto-Indo-European language, Received Pronunciation, Relexification, ..., Rhoticity in English, Semantic change, Semantics, Sociolinguistics, Sound change, Sound recording and reproduction, Spelling, Stratum (linguistics), Syntactic change, Syntax, Typography, Valence (psychology), Variety (linguistics), Vowel reduction, Wave model, William Caxton, William Labov, William Shakespeare, Yer. Expand index (19 more) » « Shrink index
In sociolinguistics, an accent is a manner of pronunciation peculiar to a particular individual, location, or nation.
In linguistics, a calque or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation.
The biological family Canidae (from Latin, canis, “dog”) is a lineage of carnivorans that includes domestic dogs, wolves, coyotes, foxes, jackals, dingoes, and many other extant and extinct dog-like mammals.
Many words that existed in Old English did not survive into Modern English.
In phonology and historical linguistics, cluster reduction is the simplification of consonant clusters in certain environments or over time.
Creolization is the process in which Creole cultures emerge in the New World.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
East Anglia is a geographical area in the East of England.
East Midlands English is a traditional dialect with modern local and social variations spoken in those parts of the Midlands loosely lying east of Watling Street separating it from West Midlands English, north of a variable isogloss of the variant of Southern English of Oxfordshire and East Anglian English of Cambridgeshire and south of another that separates it from Yorkshire dialect.
In linguistics, an elision or deletion is the omission of one or more sounds (such as a vowel, a consonant, or a whole syllable) in a word or phrase.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
English orthography is the system of writing conventions used to represent spoken English in written form that allows readers to connect spelling to sound to meaning.
Evolutionary linguistics is a subfield of psycholinguistics that studies the psychosocial and cultural factors involved in the origin of language and the development of linguistic universals.
Ferdinand de Saussure (26 November 1857 – 22 February 1913) was a Swiss linguist and semiotician.
In historical linguistics and language change, grammaticalization (also known as grammatization or grammaticization) is a process of language change by which words representing objects and actions (i.e. nouns and verbs) become grammatical markers (affixes, prepositions, etc.). Thus it creates new function words by a process other than deriving them from existing bound, inflectional constructions, instead deriving them from content words.
Guy Deutscher (גיא דויטשר; born 1969 in Tel Aviv) is an Israeli linguist.
Historical linguistics, also called diachronic linguistics, is the scientific study of language change over time.
English is a West Germanic language that originated from Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Britain in the mid 5th to 7th centuries AD by Anglo-Saxon settlers from what is now northwest Germany, west Denmark and the Netherlands, displacing the Celtic languages that previously predominated.
Homogeneity and heterogeneity are concepts often used in the sciences and statistics relating to the uniformity in a substance or organism.
John Hamilton McWhorter V (born October 6, 1965) is an American academic and linguist who is Associate Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Columbia University, where he teaches linguistics, American studies, philosophy, and music history.
In linguistics, a koiné language, koiné dialect, or simply koiné (Ancient Greek κοινή, "common ") is a standard language or dialect that has arisen as a result of contact between two or more mutually intelligible varieties (dialects) of the same language.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Language contact occurs when speakers of two or more languages or varieties interact and influence each other.
Many countries have a language policy designed to favor or discourage the use of a particular language or set of languages.
The laryngeal theory aims to produce greater regularity in the reconstruction of Proto-Indo-European (PIE) phonology than from the reconstruction that is produced by the comparative method.
In linguistics, lenition is a kind of sound change that alters consonants, making them more sonorous.
In the study of language, description or descriptive linguistics is the work of objectively analyzing and describing how language is actually used (or how it was used in the past) by a group of people in a speech community.
Linguistic prescription, or prescriptive grammar, is the attempt to lay down rules defining correct use of language.
This list contains people who contributed to the field of lexicography, the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries.
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Martha's Vineyard (Wampanoag: Noepe; often called just the Vineyard) is an island located south of Cape Cod in Massachusetts that is known for being an affluent summer colony.
Mercia (Miercna rīce) was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy.
Morphemization is a term describing the process of creating a new morpheme using existing linguistic material.
In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.
In neuropsychology, linguistics, and the philosophy of language, a natural language or ordinary language is any language that has evolved naturally in humans through use and repetition without conscious planning or premeditation.
A neologism (from Greek νέο- néo-, "new" and λόγος lógos, "speech, utterance") is a relatively recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been fully accepted into mainstream language.
Northumberland (abbreviated Northd) is a county in North East England.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Onomasiology (from ὀνομάζω (onomāzο)—to name, which in turn is from ὄνομα—name) is a branch of linguistics concerned with the question "how do you express X?" It is in fact most commonly understood as a branch of lexicology, the study of words (although some apply the term also to grammar and conversation).
The evolutionary emergence of language in the human species has been a subject of speculation for several centuries.
Phono-semantic matching (PSM) is the incorporation of a word into one language from another, often creating a neologism), where the word's non-native quality is hidden by replacing it with phonetically and semantically similar words or roots from the adopting language. Thus, the approximate sound and meaning of the original expression in the source language are preserved, though the new expression (the PSM) in the target language may sound native. Phono-semantic matching is distinct from calquing, which includes (semantic) translation but does not include phonetic matching (i.e. retaining the approximate sound of the borrowed word through matching it with a similar-sounding pre-existent word or morpheme in the target language). At the same time, phono-semantic matching is also distinct from homophonic translation, which retains the sound of a word but not the meaning.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
The principle of least effort is a broad theory that covers diverse fields from evolutionary biology to webpage design.
A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.
Pronunciation is the way in which a word or a language is spoken.
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
Received Pronunciation (RP) is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales.
In linguistics, relexification is a mechanism of language change by which one language changes much or all of its lexicon, including basic vocabulary, with the lexicon of another language, without drastically changing the relexified language's grammar.
Rhoticity in English refers to English speakers' pronunciation of the historical rhotic consonant, and is one of the most prominent distinctions by which varieties of English can be classified.
Semantic change (also semantic shift, semantic progression, semantic development, or semantic drift) is the evolution of word usage—usually to the point that the modern meaning is radically different from the original usage.
Semantics (from σημαντικός sēmantikós, "significant") is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning, in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.
Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and society's effect on language.
Sound change includes any processes of language change that affect pronunciation (phonetic change) or sound system structures (phonological change).
Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.
Spelling is the combination of alphabetic letters to form a written word.
In linguistics, a stratum (Latin for "layer") or strate is a language that influences, or is influenced by another through contact.
In the field of linguistics, syntactic change is change in the syntactic structure of a natural language.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
Typography is the art and technique of arranging type to make written language legible, readable, and appealing when displayed.
Valence, as used in psychology, especially in discussing emotions, means the intrinsic attractiveness/"good"-ness (positive valence) or averseness/"bad"-ness (negative valence) of an event, object, or situation.
In sociolinguistics a variety, also called a lect, is a specific form of a language or language cluster.
In phonetics, vowel reduction is any of various changes in the acoustic quality of vowels, which are related to changes in stress, sonority, duration, loudness, articulation, or position in the word (e.g. for the Creek language), and which are perceived as "weakening".
In historical linguistics, the wave model or wave theory (German Wellentheorie) is a model of language change in which a new language feature (innovation) or a new combination of language features spreads from a central region of origin in continuously weakening concentric circles, similar to the waves created when a stone is thrown into a body of water.
William Caxton (c. 1422 – c. 1491) was an English merchant, diplomat, writer and printer.
William "Bill" Labov (born December 4, 1927) is an American linguist, widely regarded as the founder of the discipline of variationist sociolinguistics.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
A yer is one of two letters in Cyrillic alphabets: ъ (ѥръ, jerŭ) and ь (ѥрь, jerĭ).
Analogic change, Changes in language, Corruption (grammar), Corruption (linguistic), Corruption (linguistics), Language Modernisation, Language modernisation, Lexical change, Linguistic change, Linguistic corruption.