132 relations: Ace, Ace of spades, Agen, American Anthropologist, American Revolutionary War, Aniconism in Islam, Archaeology awareness playing cards, Augsburg, Ayyubid dynasty, Belote, Benaki Museum, Bezique, Card game, Card manipulation, Card money, Card throwing, Cary Collection of Playing Cards, Cash (Chinese coin), Catalonia, Charles VI of France, China, Chinese playing cards, Colin Groves, David Parlett, David Vernon (writer), Donald Laycock, Edmund de Unger, Emperor Yizong of Tang, Euchre, Face card, Fatimid Caliphate, Flemish Hunting Deck, Florence, French playing cards, Ganjifa, German playing cards, Glossary of card game terms, Hanafuda, House of cards, International Playing-Card Society, Istanbul, Italian playing cards, Jack (playing card), Joanna, Duchess of Brabant, Joker (playing card), Joseph Needham, Jurchen language, Karuta, King (playing card), Kipchaks, ..., Knight (playing card), Leo Aryeh Mayer, List of playing-card nicknames, List of traditional card and tile packs, London, Low Countries, Lu Rong, Madiao, Mamluk, Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo), Marshal, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Michael Dummett, Ming dynasty, Miscellaneous Symbols, Moors, Most-wanted Iraqi playing cards, Musée Français de la Carte à Jouer, Museum of Fournier de Naipes, Myriad, Nuremberg, Ober (playing card), Ombre, Ouyang Xiu, Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Pagat.com, Paris, Pinochle, Pip (counting), Piquet, Plastic-coated paper, Play money, Politicards, Polo, Public domain, Queen (playing card), Schnapsen, Science and technology of the Tang dynasty, Simon Brown (author), Skat (card game), Sleight of hand, Society of Antiquaries of London, Song dynasty, Southern Europe, Spanish playing cards, Spoil Five, Stamp duty, Standard 52-card deck, Stencil, Stripped deck, Suit (cards), Swiss playing cards, Switzerland, Tarocco Bolognese, Tarot, Tarot card games, Tarot Nouveau, Tenshō (Momoyama period), The Fool (Tarot card), Topkapı Palace, Trading card, Transformation playing card, Trappola, Trick deck, Trick-taking game, Trump (card games), Tsien Tsuen-hsuin, Tujeon, Tumen (unit), Turpan, Ulm, Unicode, Unter (playing card), Vizier, Water Margin, Wei Baoheng, Wenceslaus I, Duke of Luxembourg, Wild card (cards), William Henry Wilkinson, Woodcut, Zener cards. Expand index (82 more) » « Shrink index
An ace is a playing card, die or domino with a single pip.
The ace of spades (also known as the spadille) is traditionally the highest card in the deck of playing cards, at least in English-speaking countries.
The commune of Agen is the prefecture of the Lot-et-Garonne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
American Anthropologist is the flagship journal of the American Anthropological Association (AAA), published quarterly by Wiley.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Aniconism is a proscription in Islam against the creation of images of sentient beings.
The archaeology awareness playing cards are a set of playing cards developed by the United States Department of Defense designed to educate members of the United States military serving in Iraq and Afghanistan about the importance of respecting ancient monuments, to try to preserve the Iraqi and Afghan national cultural heritage.
Augsburg (Augschburg) is a city in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.
The Ayyubid dynasty (الأيوبيون; خانەدانی ئەیووبیان) was a Sunni Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin founded by Saladin and centred in Egypt.
Belote is a 32-card trick-taking game played in France and Bulgaria, and is one of the most popular card games in those countries.
The Benaki Museum, established and endowed in 1930 by Antonis Benakis in memory of his father Emmanuel Benakis, is housed in the Benakis family mansion in downtown Athens, Greece.
Bezique or Bésigue is a 19th-century French melding and trick-taking card game for two players.
A card game is any game using playing cards as the primary device with which the game is played, be they traditional or game-specific.
Card manipulation is the branch of magical illusion that deals with creating effects using sleight of hand techniques involving playing cards.
Card money is a type of fiat money printed on plain cardboard or playing cards, which was used at times as currency in several colonies and countries (including Dutch Guiana, New France, and France) from the 17th century to the early 19th century.
Card throwing is the art of throwing standard playing cards with great accuracy and/or force.
The Cary Collection of Playing Cards, held at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library of Yale University in the United States, is one of the most significant assemblages of materials relating to playing cards and related ephemera in North America.
Cash was a type of coin of China and East Asia, used from the 4th century BC until the 20th century AD.
Catalonia (Catalunya, Catalonha, Cataluña) is an autonomous community in Spain on the northeastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy.
Charles VI (3 December 1368 – 21 October 1422), called the Beloved (le Bien-Aimé) and the Mad (le Fol or le Fou), was King of France for 42 years from 1380 to his death in 1422.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Playing cards were most likely invented in China during the Southern Song dynasty (1127–1279).
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Colin Peter Groves (24 June 1942 – 30 November 2017) was Professor of Biological Anthropology at the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia.
David Parlett (born 18 May 1939 in London) is a games scholar, historian, and translator from South London, who has studied both card games and board games.
David Vernon (born 1965 in Canberra, Australia) is an Australian writer and publisher.
Dr Donald Laycock (1936–1988) was an Australian linguist and anthropologist.
Edmund Robert Anthony de Unger (Odon Antal Robert de Unger, b 6 August 1918, Budapest - d 25 January 2011, Ham, Surrey) was a Hungarian-born property developer and art collector.
Emperor Yizong of Tang (December 28, 833 – August 15, 873), né Li Wen, later changed to Li Cui, was an emperor of the Tang dynasty of China.
Euchre or eucre is a trick-taking card game most commonly played with four people in two partnerships with a deck of 24, 28, or sometimes 32, standard playing cards.
In a deck of playing cards, the term face card (US) or court card (British) is generally used to describe a card that depicts a person as opposed to the pip cards.
The Fatimid Caliphate was an Islamic caliphate that spanned a large area of North Africa, from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west.
The Flemish Hunting Deck, also known as the Cloisters set of fifty-two playing cards and Hofjaren Jachtpakket (in Dutch), is a set of fifty-two playing cards owned by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, United States.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
French playing cards (jeu de cartes) are cards that use the French suits of trèfles (clovers or clubs), carreaux (tiles or diamonds), cœurs (hearts), and piques (pikes or spades). Each suit contains three face cards; the valet (knave or jack), the dame (lady or queen), and the roi (king).
Ganjifa, Ganjapa or Gânjaphâ, is a card game or type of playing cards that are most associated with Persia and India.
German playing cards are a style of playing cards used in some parts of Central Europe.
The following is a glossary of terms used in card games.
are playing cards of Japanese origin that are used to play a number of games.
A house of cards (also known as a card tower) is a structure created by stacking playing cards on top of each other.
The International Playing-Card Society (IPCS) is a non-profit organisation for those interested in playing cards, their design, and their history.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Playing cards (carte da gioco) have been in Italy since the late 14th century.
A jack or knave is a playing card which, in traditional French and English decks, pictures a man in the traditional or historic aristocratic dress generally associated with Europe of the 16th or 17th century.
Joanna, Duchess of Brabant (24 June 1322 – 1 November 1406), also known as Jeanne, was a ruling Duchess of Brabant from 1355 until her death She was the heiress of Duke John III, and Marie d'Évreux.
The Joker is a playing card found in most modern card decks, as an addition to the standard four suits (clubs, diamonds, hearts, and spades).
Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham (9 December 1900 – 24 March 1995) was a British biochemist, historian and sinologist known for his scientific research and writing on the history of Chinese science and technology.
Jurchen language is the Tungusic language of the Jurchen people of eastern Manchuria, the founders of the Jin Empire in northeastern China of the 12th–13th centuries.
are Japanese playing cards.
The king is a playing card with a picture of a king on it.
The Kipchaks were a Turkic nomadic people and confederation that existed in the Middle Ages, inhabiting parts of the Eurasian Steppe.
A knight or cavalier is a playing card with a picture of a man riding a horse on it.
Leo Aryeh Mayer (ליאון אריה מאיר, 12 January 1895 – 6 April 1959), was an Israeli scholar of Islamic art and rector of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
This list of playing card nicknames has the common nicknames for the playing cards in a 52-card deck, as used in some common card games, such as poker.
This is a list of traditional sets of playing cards or gaming tiles such as mahjong tiles or dominoes.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
Lu Rong (1436–1494) was a Chinese scholar.
Madiao, also Ma Diao, Ma Tiu or Ma Tiao, is a late imperial Chinese trick-taking gambling card game, also known as the game of Paper Tiger. The deck used was recorded by Lu Rong in the 15th century and the rules later by Pan Zhiheng and Feng Menglong during the early 17th century.
Mamluk (Arabic: مملوك mamlūk (singular), مماليك mamālīk (plural), meaning "property", also transliterated as mamlouk, mamluq, mamluke, mameluk, mameluke, mamaluke or marmeluke) is an Arabic designation for slaves.
The Mamluk Sultanate (سلطنة المماليك Salṭanat al-Mamālīk) was a medieval realm spanning Egypt, the Levant, and Hejaz.
Marshal is a term used in several official titles in various branches of society.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.
Sir Michael Anthony Eardley Dummett, FBA (27 June 192527 December 2011) was an English philosopher, described as "among the most significant British philosophers of the last century and a leading campaigner for racial tolerance and equality." He was, until 1992, Wykeham Professor of Logic at the University of Oxford.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
Miscellaneous Symbols is a Unicode block (U+2600–U+26FF) containing glyphs representing concepts from a variety of categories: astrological, astronomical, chess, dice, musical notation, political symbols, recycling, religious symbols, trigrams, warning signs, and weather, among others.
The term "Moors" refers primarily to the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta during the Middle Ages.
During the 2003 invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition, the U.S. military developed a set of playing cards to help troops identify the most-wanted members of President Saddam Hussein's government, mostly high-ranking members of the Iraqi Regional Branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party or members of the Revolutionary Command Council.
The Musée Français de la Carte à Jouer is a museum of playing cards located at 16, rue Auguste Gervais, Issy-les-Moulineaux, a suburb of Paris, France.
The Museum of Fournier de Naipes (Spanish: Museo Fournier de Naipes) is a playing card museum located in Vitoria, Spain.
A myriad (from Ancient Greek label) is technically the number ten thousand; in that sense, the term is used almost exclusively in translations from Greek, Latin, or Chinese, or when talking about ancient Greek numbers.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.
The Ober, in Austrian also called the Manderl, is a court card in the German and Swiss styles of playing cards, which corresponds to the Queen in French decks.
Ombre is a fast-moving seventeenth-century trick-taking card game for three players.
Ouyang Xiu (1 August 1007 – 22 September 1072), courtesy name Yongshu, also known by his art names Zuiweng ("Old Drunkard") and Liu Yi Jushi ("Retiree Six-One"), was a Chinese scholar-official, essayist, historian, poet, calligrapher, and epigrapher of the Song dynasty.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Pagat.com is a website containing rules to hundreds of card games from all over the world.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Pinochle or binocle (sometimes pinocle, or penuchle) is a trick-taking card game typically for two to four players and played with a 48-card deck.
Pips are small but easily countable items.
Piquet is an early 16th-century trick-taking card game for two players that is still popular today.
Plastic-coated paper is a coated or laminated composite material made of paper or paperboard with a plastic layer or treatment on a surface.
Play Money (PM) is noticeably fake bills or coins intended to be used use as toy currency, especially for classroom instruction or as a marker in board games such as Monopoly, rather than currency in a legitimate exchange market.
Politicards are a deck of playing cards produced each election year in the United States featuring 54 caricatures depicting political candidates and prominent political figures.
Polo is a team sport played on horseback.
The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.
The Queen is a playing card with a picture of a woman on it.
Schnapsen or Schnapser is a card game of the Bézique family that is very popular in Bavaria and the territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The Tang dynasty (618–907) of ancient China witnessed many advancements in Chinese science and technology, with various developments in woodblock printing, timekeeping, mechanical engineering, medicine, structural engineering, cartography, and alchemy.
Simon Brown (born 1956 in Sydney, New South Wales), is an Australian Science Fiction writer.
Skat is a 3-player trick-taking card game devised around 1810 in Altenburg in the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
Sleight of hand (also known as prestidigitation or legerdemain) refers to fine motor skills when used by performing artists in different art forms to entertain or manipulate.
The Society of Antiquaries of London (SAL) is a learned society "charged by its Royal Charter of 1751 with 'the encouragement, advancement and furtherance of the study and knowledge of the antiquities and history of this and other countries'." It is based at Burlington House, Piccadilly, London (a building owned by the UK government), and is a registered charity.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Southern Europe is the southern region of the European continent.
Cartas or naipes ("cards"), also known as Baraja española ("Spanish deck"), are the playing cards associated with Spain.
Spoil-Five (also Spoilt Five and Five and Ten) is the traditional book version of the Irish national card game called Twenty-Five, which underlies the Canadian game of Forty-Five.
Stamp duty is a tax that is levied on documents.
A deck of French playing cards is the most common deck of playing cards used today.
Stencilling produces an image or pattern by applying pigment to a surface over an intermediate object with designed gaps in it which create the pattern or image by only allowing the pigment to reach some parts of the surface.
A stripped deck (US) or shortened pack (UK) is a set of playing cards from which some cards have been removed.
Parts of Swiss German speaking Switzerland have their own deck of playing cards.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Tarocco Bolognese is a tarot deck found in Bologna and is used to play tarocchini.
The tarot (first known as trionfi and later as tarocchi, tarock, and others) is a pack of playing cards, used from the mid-15th century in various parts of Europe to play games such as Italian tarocchini and French tarot.
Tarot card games are card games played with tarot decks.
The Tarot Nouveau, French Tarot Nouveau or Bourgeois Tarot deck is a pattern of tarot cards.
was a after Genki and before Bunroku.
The Fool or The Jester is one of the 78 cards in a Tarot deck.
The Topkapı Palace (Topkapı Sarayı or in طوپقپو سرايى, Ṭopḳapu Sarāyı), or the Seraglio, is a large museum in Istanbul, Turkey.
A trading card (or collectible card) is a small card, usually made out of paperboard or thick paper, which usually contains an image of a certain person, place or thing (fictional or real) and a short description of the picture, along with other text (attacks, statistics, or trivia).
A transformation playing card (sometimes referred to as a transformation deck when assembled into a complete set) is a type of playing card where an artist incorporates the pips of the non-face cards into an artistic design.
Trappola is an early 16th-century Venetian trick-taking card game which spread to most parts of Central Europe and survived, in various forms and under various names like Trapulka, Bulka and Hundertspiel until perhaps the middle of the 20th century.
A trick deck usually refers to a deck of playing cards that has been altered in some way to allow magicians to perform certain card tricks where sleight of hand would be too difficult or impractical.
A trick-taking game is a card game or tile-based game in which play of a hand centers on a series of finite rounds or units of play, called tricks, which are each evaluated to determine a winner or taker of that trick.
A trump is a playing card which is elevated above its usual rank in trick-taking games.
Tsien Tsuen-hsuin (11 January 19109 April 2015), also known as T.H. Tsien, was a Chinese sinologist and librarian who served as a professor of Chinese literature and library science at the University of Chicago, and was also curator of its East Asian Library from 1949 to 1978.
Tujeon are the traditional playing cards of Korea.
Tumen, or tümen ("unit of ten thousand"; Old Turkic: tümän; Түмэн, tümen; tümen; tömény), was a part of the decimal system used by the Turkic peoples and Mongol peoples to organize their armies.
Turpan, also known as Turfan or Tulufan, is a prefecture-level city located in the east of Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.
Ulm is a city in the federal German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the River Danube.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
The Unter, also called the Wenzel or Wenz, and (in Swiss) also the Under, is a court card in the German and Swiss-suited playing cards, which corresponds to the Jack in French decks.
A vizier (rarely; وزير wazīr; وازیر vazīr; vezir; Chinese: 宰相 zǎixiàng; উজির ujira; Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu): वज़ीर or وزیر vazeer; Punjabi: ਵਜ਼ੀਰ or وزير vazīra, sometimes spelt vazir, vizir, vasir, wazir, vesir or vezir) is a high-ranking political advisor or minister.
Water Margin, also translated as Outlaws of the Marsh, Tale of the Marshes, All Men Are Brothers, Men of the Marshes or The Marshes of Mount Liang, is a Chinese novel attributed to Shi Nai'an.
Wei Baoheng (韋保衡) (died 873), courtesy name Yunyong (蘊用), was an official of the Chinese dynasty Tang dynasty.
Wenceslaus I (also Wenceslas, Venceslas, Wenzel, or Václav, often called Wenceslaus of Bohemia in chronicles) (Prague, 25 February 1337 – Luxembourg, 7 December 1383) was the first Duke of Luxembourg from 1354.
A wild card in card games is one that may be used to represent any other playing card, sometimes with certain restrictions.
Sir William Henry Wilkinson (traditional Chinese: 務謹順, simplified Chinese: 务谨顺; May 10, 1858The Foreign Office list and diplomatic and consular year book for 1917, Foreign Office, Great Britain. - 1930) was a British Sinologist who served as Consul-General for H.B.M in China and Korea.
Woodcut is a relief printing technique in printmaking.
Zener cards are cards used to conduct experiments for extrasensory perception (ESP) or clairvoyance.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
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