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Anton Chekhov

Index Anton Chekhov

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (ɐnˈton ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ ˈtɕɛxəf; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history. [1]

165 relations: Actors Studio, Ai Nagai, Alan Twigg, Aleksey Suvorin, Alexander Chekhov, Alexandrinsky Theatre, Alfred Dreyfus, Amur River, Andrei Tarkovsky, Ann Dunnigan, Anthony the Great, Antisemitism, Archibald MacLeish, Arthur Schopenhauer, Atheism, August Strindberg, Émile Zola, B.C. BookWorld, Badenweiler, Black Forest, Camphor, Chaise, Chekhov Gymnasium, Chekhov Monument in Rostov-on-Don, Chekhov's gun, Cholera, Clifford Odets, Constance Garnett, Cornel West, D. S. Mirsky, Debtors' prison, Despotism, Dmitry Grigorovich, Donald Rayfield, E. J. Dillon, Ectopic pregnancy, Elia Kazan, Ernest Hemingway, European goldfinch, Famine, Fragments (magazine), François Truffaut, Francine Prose, Fyodor Keller, George Bernard Shaw, George Steiner, German Empire, Grand Duchy of Baden, Greek Church and Greek School (Taganrog), Greek Orthodox Church, ..., Group Theatre (New York City), Gymnasium (school), Hannah and Her Sisters, Harold L. Klawans, Haruki Murakami, Heartbreak House, Henrik Ibsen, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ian McKellen, Interiors, Ivan Bunin, Ivan Goncharov, Ivan Turgenev, Ivanov (play), James Joyce, Jean-Claude van Itallie, John Middleton Murry, Katherine Mansfield, Katorga, Kobeliaky, Konstantin Stanislavski, Kunio Shimizu, Kyle Minor, Laurence Olivier, Lee Strasberg, Leo Tolstoy, Leonard Woolf, Louis Malle, Love and Death, Maria Chekhova, Marlon Brando, Martin Esslin, Maxim Gorky, Melikhovo, Method acting, Michael Chekhov, Michelle Herman, Miguel de Cervantes, Mikhail Chekhov (writer), Modernism, Moscow, Moscow Art Theatre, Nikolai Chekhov, Nikolai Leykin, Noh, Novodevichy Cemetery, Novoye Vremya (newspaper), NPR, Old Style and New Style dates, Olga Knipper, Orthodoxy, Oyster, Peter Constantine, Physician, Poltava Oblast, Pontic–Caspian steppe, Pushkin Prize, Raymond Carver, Robert De Niro, Robert Edward Crozier Long, Robert Payne (author), Rosamund Bartlett, Ruble, Russian Empire, Russian Revolution, S. S. Koteliansky, Saint Petersburg, Sakhalin, Sakhalin Island (Chekhov), Satire, Sea of Azov, Seamus Heaney, Serfdom, Severny Vestnik, Sexual slavery, Siberia, Sidney Lumet, Stanislavski's system, Still Alice, Subtext, Taganrog, Tennessee Williams, The Cherry Orchard, The Darling (short story), The Guardian, The Lady with the Dog, The Last Metro, The Mirror (1975 film), The Notebook of Trigorin, The Observer, The Sea Gull, The Seagull, Theater in the United States, Three Sisters (1970 film), Three Sisters (play), Tomsk, Tsar, Tuberculosis, Ukraine, Uncle Vanya, Vanya on 42nd Street, Victorian literature, Virginia Woolf, Vladimir Lenin, Vladimir Nabokov, Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Vsevolod Meyerhold, Ward No. 6, White Dacha, William Boyd (writer), William Gerhardie, Yalta, Yōji Sakate, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, 1Q84. Expand index (115 more) »

Actors Studio

The Actors Studio is a membership organization for professional actors, theatre directors and playwrights at 432 West 44th Street between Ninth and Tenth Avenues in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City.

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Ai Nagai

is a Japanese playwright, stage director, and the co-founder and leader of the theater company Nitosha.

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Alan Twigg

Alan Twigg is a Canadian writer, publisher, and biographer.

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Aleksey Suvorin

Aleksei Sergeyevich Suvorin (Russian: Алексей Сергеевич Суворин, 11 September 1834, Korshevo, Voronezh Governorate – 11 August 1912, Tsarskoye Selo) was a Russian newspaper and book publisher and journalist whose publishing empire wielded considerable influence during the last decades of the Russian Empire.

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Alexander Chekhov

Alexander Pavlovich Chekhov (Алекса́ндр Па́влович Че́хов; August 22, 1855 – May 29, 1913), was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist and memoirist, and the elder brother of Anton Chekhov.

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Alexandrinsky Theatre

The Alexandrinsky Theatre (Александринский театр) or Russian State Pushkin Academy Drama Theater (Российский государственный академический театр драмы им. А. С. Пушкина) is a theatre in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

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Alfred Dreyfus

Alfred Dreyfus (9 October 1859 – 12 July 1935) was a French Jewish artillery officer whose trial and conviction in 1894 on charges of treason became one of the most tense political dramas in modern French history with a wide echo in all Europe.

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Amur River

The Amur River (Even: Тамур, Tamur; река́ Аму́р) or Heilong Jiang ("Black Dragon River";, "Black Water") is the world's tenth longest river, forming the border between the Russian Far East and Northeastern China (Inner Manchuria).

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Andrei Tarkovsky

Andrei Arsenyevich Tarkovsky (p; 4 April 1932 – 29 December 1986) was a Russian filmmaker, writer, film editor, film theorist, theatre and opera director.

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Ann Dunnigan

Ann Dunnigan was an American actress and teacher who later became a translator of 19th-century Russian literature.

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Anthony the Great

Saint Anthony or Antony (Ἀντώνιος Antṓnios; Antonius); January 12, 251 – January 17, 356) was a Christian monk from Egypt, revered since his death as a saint. He is distinguished from other saints named Anthony such as, by various epithets of his own:,, and For his importance among the Desert Fathers and to all later Christian monasticism, he is also known as the. His feast day is celebrated on January 17 among the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches and on Tobi 22 in the Egyptian calendar used by the Coptic Church. The biography of Anthony's life by Athanasius of Alexandria helped to spread the concept of Christian monasticism, particularly in Western Europe via its Latin translations. He is often erroneously considered the first Christian monk, but as his biography and other sources make clear, there were many ascetics before him. Anthony was, however, the first to go into the wilderness (about 270), which seems to have contributed to his renown. Accounts of Anthony enduring supernatural temptation during his sojourn in the Eastern Desert of Egypt inspired the often-repeated subject of the temptation of St. Anthony in Western art and literature. Anthony is appealed to against infectious diseases, particularly skin diseases. In the past, many such afflictions, including ergotism, erysipelas, and shingles, were referred to as St. Anthony's fire.

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Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.

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Archibald MacLeish

Archibald MacLeish (May 7, 1892 – April 20, 1982) was an American poet and writer who was associated with the modernist school of poetry.

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Arthur Schopenhauer

Arthur Schopenhauer (22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher.

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Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.

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August Strindberg

Johan August Strindberg (22 January 184914 May 1912) was a Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist and painter.

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Émile Zola

Émile Édouard Charles Antoine Zola (2 April 1840 – 29 September 1902) was a French novelist, playwright, journalist, the best-known practitioner of the literary school of naturalism, and an important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism.

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B.C. BookWorld

B.C. BookWorld is a British Columbia-based quarterly newspaper about the book trade.

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Badenweiler is a health resort and spa in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, historically in the Markgräflerland.

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Black Forest

The Black Forest (Schwarzwald) is a large forested mountain range in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwest Germany.

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Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma.

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A one-horse chaise A three-wheeled "Handchaise", Germany, around 1900, designed to be pushed by a person A chaise, sometimes called chay or shay, is a light two- or four-wheeled traveling or pleasure carriage for one or two people with a folding hood or calash top.

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Chekhov Gymnasium

The Chekhov Gymnasium in Taganrog on Ulitsa Oktyabrskaya 9 (formerly Gymnasicheskaya Street) is the oldest gymnasium in the South of Russia.

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Chekhov Monument in Rostov-on-Don

The Chekhov Monument (Russian: Памятник А. П. Чехову) in Rostov-on-Don, Russia is a bronze monument erected in 2010 to commemorate the 150th anniversary since birthday of the Russian writer Anton Pavlovich Chekhov.

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Chekhov's gun

Chekhov's gun is a dramatic principle that states that every element in a story must be necessary, and irrelevant elements should be removed; elements should not appear to make "false promises" by never coming into play.

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Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

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Clifford Odets

Clifford Odets (July 18, 1906 – August 14, 1963) was an American playwright, screenwriter, and director.

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Constance Garnett

Constance Clara Garnett (née Black; 19 December 1861 – 17 December 1946) was an English translator of nineteenth-century Russian literature.

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Cornel West

Cornel Ronald West (born June 2, 1953) is an American philosopher, political activist, social critic, author, and public intellectual.

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D. S. Mirsky


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Debtors' prison

A debtors' prison is a prison for people who are unable to pay debt.

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Despotism (Δεσποτισμός, Despotismós) is a form of government in which a single entity rules with absolute power.

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Dmitry Grigorovich

Dmitry Vasilyevich Grigorovich (Дми́трий Васи́льевич Григоро́вич) (–) was a Russian writer, best known for his first two novels, The Village and Anton Goremyka, and lauded as the first author to have realistically portrayed the life of the Russian rural community and openly condemn the system of serfdom.

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Donald Rayfield

(Patrick) Donald Rayfield (born February 1942, Oxford) is professor of Russian and Georgian at Queen Mary University of London.

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E. J. Dillon

Emile Joseph Dillon (21 March 1854 – 9 June 1933) was an author, journalist and linguist.

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Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is a complication of pregnancy in which the embryo attaches outside the uterus.

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Elia Kazan

Elia Kazan (born Elias Kazantzoglou; September 7, 1909 – September 28, 2003) was a Greek-American director, producer, writer and actor, described by The New York Times as "one of the most honored and influential directors in Broadway and Hollywood history".

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Ernest Hemingway

Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short story writer, and journalist.

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European goldfinch

The European goldfinch or goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis), is a small passerine bird in the finch family that is native to Europe, North Africa and western Asia.

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A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including war, inflation, crop failure, population imbalance, or government policies.

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Fragments (magazine)

Fragments (Осколки) was a Russian humorous, literary and artistic weekly magazine published in St Petersburg from 1881 to 1916.

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François Truffaut

François Roland Truffaut (6 February 1932 – 21 October 1984) was a French film director, screenwriter, producer, actor, and film critic, as well as one of the founders of the French New Wave.

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Francine Prose

Francine Prose (born April 1, 1947) is an American novelist, short story writer, essayist, and critic.

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Fyodor Keller

Count Fyodor Keller (1850 – 31 July 1904) was a general in the Imperial Russian Army, noted for his role in the Battle of Motien Pass during the Russo-Japanese War.

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George Bernard Shaw

George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist.

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George Steiner

Francis George Steiner, FBA (born April 23, 1929) is a French-born American literary critic, essayist, philosopher, novelist, and educator.

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German Empire

The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.

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Grand Duchy of Baden

The Grand Duchy of Baden (Großherzogtum Baden) was a state in the southwest German Empire on the east bank of the Rhine.

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Greek Church and Greek School (Taganrog)

The construction of the Greek church was started in 1781 and in March 1782 the church was already consecrated.

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Greek Orthodox Church

The name Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía), or Greek Orthodoxy, is a term referring to the body of several Churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek, the original language of the Septuagint and New Testament, and whose history, traditions, and theology are rooted in the early Church Fathers and the culture of the Byzantine Empire.

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Group Theatre (New York City)

The Group Theatre was a theater collective based in New York City and formed in 1931 by Harold Clurman, Cheryl Crawford and Lee Strasberg.

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Gymnasium (school)

A gymnasium is a type of school with a strong emphasis on academic learning, and providing advanced secondary education in some parts of Europe comparable to British grammar schools, sixth form colleges and US preparatory high schools.

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Hannah and Her Sisters

Hannah and Her Sisters is a 1986 American comedy-drama film which tells the intertwined stories of an extended family over two years that begins and ends with a family Thanksgiving dinner.

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Harold L. Klawans

Harold L. Klawans (1937–1998) was an academic neurologist who launched a parallel career as a writer.

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Haruki Murakami

is a Japanese writer.

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Heartbreak House

Heartbreak House: A Fantasia in the Russian Manner on English Themes is a play written by George Bernard Shaw, first published in 1919 and first played at the Garrick Theatre in November 1920.

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Henrik Ibsen

Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet.

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I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (1st MSMU) is a medical higher educational institution in the Russian Federation.

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Ian McKellen

Sir Ian Murray McKellen (born 25 May 1939) is an English actor.

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Interiors is a 1978 drama film written and directed by Woody Allen.

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Ivan Bunin

Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin (or; a; – 8 November 1953) was the first Russian writer awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

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Ivan Goncharov

Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov (Goncharoff) (r; –) was a Russian novelist best known for his novels A Common Story (1847), Oblomov (1859), and The Precipice (1869).

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Ivan Turgenev

Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev (ɪˈvan sʲɪrˈɡʲeɪvʲɪtɕ tʊrˈɡʲenʲɪf; September 3, 1883) was a Russian novelist, short story writer, poet, playwright, translator and popularizer of Russian literature in the West.

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Ivanov (play)

Ivanov (italic (Ivanov: drama in four acts)) is a four-act drama by the Russian playwright Anton Chekhov.

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James Joyce

James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.

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Jean-Claude van Itallie

Jean-Claude van Itallie, the Belgian-born American playwright, performer, and theatre workshop teacher may be best-known for his 1966 anti Viet Nam war play America Hurrah, The Serpent, the ensemble play he wrote with Joseph Chaikin's The Open Theatre his play of Tibetan Book of the Dead, and his translations of Chekhov's major plays.

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John Middleton Murry

John Middleton Murry (6 August 1889 – 12 March 1957) was an English writer.

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Katherine Mansfield

Kathleen Mansfield Murry (née Beauchamp; 14 October 1888 – 9 January 1923) was a prominent New Zealand modernist short story writer who was born and brought up in colonial New Zealand and wrote under the pen name of Katherine Mansfield.

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Katorga (p; from medieval and modern Greek: katergon, κάτεργον, "galley") was a system of penal labor in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union (see Katorga labor in the Soviet Union).

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Kobeliaky (Кобеляки) is a city in Poltava Oblast, Ukraine.

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Konstantin Stanislavski

Konstantin Sergeievich Stanislavski (né Alexeiev; p; 7 August 1938) was a seminal Russian theatre practitioner.

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Kunio Shimizu

is a Japanese playwright who was born in 1936.

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Kyle Minor

Kyle Minor (born 1976) is an American writer.

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Laurence Olivier

Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, (22 May 1907 – 11 July 1989) was an English actor and director who, along with his contemporaries Ralph Richardson and John Gielgud, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century.

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Lee Strasberg

Lee Strasberg (born Israel Strasberg; November 17, 1901February 17, 1982) was a Polish-born American actor, director, and theatre practitioner.

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Leo Tolstoy

Count Lyov (also Lev) Nikolayevich Tolstoy (also Лев) Николаевич ТолстойIn Tolstoy's day, his name was written Левъ Николаевичъ Толстой.

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Leonard Woolf

Leonard Sidney Woolf (25 November 1880 – 14 August 1969) was a British political theorist, author, publisher and civil servant, and husband of author Virginia Woolf.

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Louis Malle

Louis Marie Malle (30 October 1932 – 23 November 1995) was a French film director, screenwriter, and producer.

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Love and Death

Love and Death is a 1975 comedy film by Woody Allen.

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Maria Chekhova

Maria Pavlovna Chekhova (Мари́я Па́вловна Че́хова) was the sister of playwright Anton Chekhov, a teacher, artist, founder of the Chekhov Memorial House museum in Yalta, and a recipient of the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.

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Marlon Brando

Marlon Brando Jr. (April 3, 1924 – July 1, 2004) was an American actor and film director.

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Martin Esslin

Martin Julius Esslin OBE (6 June 1918 – 24 February 2002) was a Hungarian-born English producer, dramatist, journalist, adaptor and translator, critic, academic scholar and professor of drama, best known for coining the term "Theatre of the Absurd" in his work of the same name (Theatre of the Absurd; 1962).

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Maxim Gorky

Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Алексе́й Макси́мович Пешко́в or Пе́шков; – 18 June 1936), primarily known as Maxim (Maksim) Gorky (Макси́м Го́рький), was a Russian and Soviet writer, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist.

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Melikhovo (Ме́лихово) is a writer's house museum in the former country estate of the Russian playwright and writer Anton Chekhov.

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Method acting

Method acting is a range of training and rehearsal techniques that seek to encourage sincere and emotionally expressive performances, as formulated by a number of different theatre practitioners, principally in the United States, where it is among the most popular—and controversial—approaches to acting.

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Michael Chekhov

Mikhail Aleksandrovich "Michael" Chekhov (Михаил Александрович Чехов, 29 August 1891 – 30 September 1955) was a Russian-American actor, director, author, and theatre practitioner.

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Michelle Herman

Michelle Herman (born March 9, 1955 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American writer and a Professor of English at Ohio State University.

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Miguel de Cervantes

Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (29 September 1547 (assumed)23 April 1616 NS) was a Spanish writer who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world's pre-eminent novelists.

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Mikhail Chekhov (writer)

Mikhail Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: Михаил Павлович Чехов; (6 October 1865, Taganrog - 14 November 1936, Yalta) was a Russian writer and theater critic; the youngest brother and biographer of Anton Chekhov.

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Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.

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Moscow Art Theatre

The Moscow Art Theatre (or MAT; Московский Художественный академический театр (МХАТ), Moskovskiy Hudojestvenny Akademicheskiy Teatr (МHАТ)) is a theatre company in Moscow.

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Nikolai Chekhov

Nikolai Pavlovich Chekhov (Николай Павлович Чехов; May 23, 1858 – June 29, 1889) was a Russian painter and the brother of Anton Chekhov.

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Nikolai Leykin

Nikolai Alexandrovich Leykin (Никола́й Алекса́ндрович Ле́йкин; December 19, 1841 – January 19, 1906) was a Russian writer, artist, playwright, journalist and publisher.

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, derived from the Sino-Japanese word for "skill" or "talent", is a major form of classical Japanese musical drama that has been performed since the 14th century.

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Novodevichy Cemetery

Novodevichy Cemetery (Новоде́вичье кла́дбище, Novodevichye kladbishche) is the most famous cemetery in Moscow.

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Novoye Vremya (newspaper)

Novoye Vremya (p) was a Russian newspaper published in St. Petersburg from 1868 to 1917.

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National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.

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Old Style and New Style dates

Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written.

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Olga Knipper

Olga Leonardovna Knipper-Chekhova (Ольга Леонардовна Книппер-Чехова; – 22 March 1959) was a Russian and Soviet stage actress.

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Orthodoxy (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία orthodoxía "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds, especially in religion.

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Oyster is the common name for a number of different families of salt-water bivalve molluscs that live in marine or brackish habitats.

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Peter Constantine

Peter Constantine (born 1963) is a British and American literary translator who has translated literary works from German, Russian, French, Modern Greek, Ancient Greek, Italian, Albanian, Dutch, and Slovene.

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A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.

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Poltava Oblast

Poltava Oblast (Полтавська область, translit. Poltavs’ka oblast’; also referred to as Poltavshchyna – Полтавщина) is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine.

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Pontic–Caspian steppe

The Pontic–Caspian steppe, Pontic steppe or Ukrainian steppe is the vast steppeland stretching from the northern shores of the Black Sea (called Euxeinos Pontos in antiquity) as far east as the Caspian Sea, from Moldova and eastern Ukraine across the Southern Federal District and the Volga Federal District of Russia to western Kazakhstan, forming part of the larger Eurasian steppe, adjacent to the Kazakh steppe to the east.

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Pushkin Prize

The Pushkin Prize (Пушкинская премия) was established in 1881 by the Russian Academy of Sciences to honor one of the greatest Russian poets Alexander Pushkin (1799–1837).

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Raymond Carver

Raymond Clevie Carver Jr. (May 25, 1938 – August 2, 1988) was an American short-story writer and poet.

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Robert De Niro

Robert Anthony De Niro Jr. (born August 17, 1943) is an American actor, producer, and director.

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Robert Edward Crozier Long

Robert Edward Crozier Long (29 October 1872 in Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland—18 October 1938, Berlin), was a noted Anglo-Irish journalist and author.

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Robert Payne (author)

Pierre Stephen Robert Payne (1911 – 1983) was an English-born author, known principally for works of biography and history, although he also wrote novels, poetry, magazine articles and many other works.

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Rosamund Bartlett

Rosamund Bartlett is a writer, scholar, translator and lecturer specializing in Russian literature.

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The ruble or rouble (p) is or was a currency unit of a number of countries in Eastern Europe closely associated with the economy of Russia.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Russian Revolution

The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.

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S. S. Koteliansky

Samuel Solomonovich Koteliansky (Самуил Соломонович Котелянский) (February 28, 1880 – January 21, 1955) was a Russian-born British translator.

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Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).

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Sakhalin (Сахалин), previously also known as Kuye Dao (Traditional Chinese:庫頁島, Simplified Chinese:库页岛) in Chinese and in Japanese, is a large Russian island in the North Pacific Ocean, lying between 45°50' and 54°24' N.

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Sakhalin Island (Chekhov)

Sakhalin Island (Остров Сахалин) is a book by Russian writer Anton Chekhov written and published (originally in parts) in 1891–1893.

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Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement.

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Sea of Azov

The Sea of Azov (Азо́вское мо́ре, Azóvskoje móre; Азо́вське мо́ре, Azóvśke móre; Azaq deñizi, Азакъ денъизи, ازاق دﻩﯕىزى) is a sea in Eastern Europe.

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Seamus Heaney

Seamus Justin Heaney (13 April 1939 – 30 August 2013) was an Irish poet, playwright and translator.

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Serfdom is the status of many peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism.

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Severny Vestnik

Severny Vestnik (Се́верный ве́стник, The Northern Messenger) was an influential Russian literary magazine founded in Saint Petersburg in 1885 by Anna Yevreinova, who stayed with it until 1889.

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Sexual slavery

Sexual slavery and sexual exploitation is attaching the right of ownership over one or more persons with the intent of coercing or otherwise forcing them to engage in one or more sexual activities.

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Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.

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Sidney Lumet

Sidney Arthur Lumet (June 25, 1924 – April 9, 2011) was an American director, producer, and screenwriter with over 50 films to his credit.

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Stanislavski's system

Stanislavski's system is a systematic approach to training actors that the Russian theatre practitioner Konstantin Stanislavski developed in the first half of the 20th century.

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Still Alice

Still Alice is a 2014 American independent drama film written and directed by Richard Glatzer and Wash Westmoreland and based on Lisa Genova's 2007 bestselling novel of the same name.

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Subtext or undertone is any content of a creative work which is not announced explicitly by the characters or author, but is implicit or becomes something understood by the observer of the work as the production unfolds.

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Taganrog (p) is a port city in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located on the north shore of the Taganrog Bay in the Sea of Azov, several kilometers west of the mouth of the Don River.

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Tennessee Williams

Thomas Lanier "Tennessee" Williams III (March 26, 1911 – February 25, 1983) was an American playwright.

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The Cherry Orchard

The Cherry Orchard (translit) is the last play by Russian playwright Anton Chekhov.

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The Darling (short story)

"The Darling" (translit) is a short story by Russian author Anton Chekhov, first published in the No.1, 1899, issue of Semya (Family) magazine, on January 3, in Moscow.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

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The Lady with the Dog

"The Lady with the Dog" (translit) is a short story by Anton Chekhov.

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The Last Metro

The Last Metro (Le Dernier Métro) is a 1980 historical drama, written and directed by François Truffaut, that stars Catherine Deneuve and Gérard Depardieu.

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The Mirror (1975 film)

Mirror (Zerkalo; known in the United States as The Mirror) is a 1975 Russian art film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky.

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The Notebook of Trigorin

The Notebook of Trigorin is a play by American playwright Tennessee Williams, adapted from Anton Chekhov's drama The Seagull (1895).

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The Observer

The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.

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The Sea Gull

The Sea Gull is a 1968 British-American-Greek drama film directed by Sidney Lumet.

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The Seagull

The Seagull (translit) is a play by Russian dramatist Anton Chekhov, written in 1895 and first produced in 1896.

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Theater in the United States

Theater in the United States is part of the European theatrical tradition that dates back to ancient Greek theatre and is heavily influenced by the British theatre.

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Three Sisters (1970 film)

Three Sisters is a 1970 British drama film starring Alan Bates, Laurence Olivier and Joan Plowright, based on the 1900 play by Anton Chekhov.

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Three Sisters (play)

Three Sisters (translit) is a play by the Russian author and playwright Anton Chekhov.

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Tomsk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Tomsk Oblast in Russia, located on the Tom River.

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Tsar (Old Bulgarian / Old Church Slavonic: ц︢рь or цар, цaрь), also spelled csar, or czar, is a title used to designate East and South Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers of Eastern Europe.

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Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).

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Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

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Uncle Vanya

Uncle Vanya (translit) is a play by the Russian playwright Anton Chekhov.

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Vanya on 42nd Street

Vanya on 42nd Street is a 1994 film directed by Louis Malle and screenplay by Andre Gregory.

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Victorian literature

Victorian literature is literature, mainly written in English, during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901) (the Victorian era).

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Virginia Woolf

Adeline Virginia Woolf (née Stephen; 25 January 188228 March 1941) was an English writer, who is considered one of the most important modernist 20th-century authors and a pioneer in the use of stream of consciousness as a narrative device.

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Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.

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Vladimir Nabokov

Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, also known by the pen name Vladimir Sirin; 2 July 1977) was a Russian-American novelist, poet, translator and entomologist.

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Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko

Vladimir Ivanovich Nemirovich-Danchenko (Владимир Иванович Немирович-Данченко; – 25 April 1943, Moscow), PAU, was a Russian and Soviet theatre director, writer, pedagogue, playwright, producer and theatre administrator, who founded the Moscow Art Theatre with his colleague, Konstantin Stanislavski, in 1898.

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Vsevolod Meyerhold

Vsevolod Emilevich Meyerhold (Все́волод Эми́льевич Мейерхо́льд; born Karl Kasimir Theodor Meierhold; 2 February 1940) was a Russian and Soviet theatre director, actor and theatrical producer.

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Ward No. 6

"Ward No.

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White Dacha

The White Dacha, (белая дача; біла дача) is the house that Anton Chekhov had built in Yalta and in which he wrote some of his greatest work.

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William Boyd (writer)

William Boyd (born 7 March 1952) is a Scottish novelist, short story writer and screenwriter.

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William Gerhardie

William Alexander Gerhardie OBE FRSL (21 November 1895 – 15 July 1977) was a British (Anglo-Russian) novelist and playwright.

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Yalta (Yalta; Я́лта; Я́лта) is a resort city on the south coast of the Crimean Peninsula surrounded by the Black Sea.

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Yōji Sakate

is a contemporary Japanese playwright notable for his plays that frequently comment on social and political issues in Japan.

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Yekaterinoslav Governorate

The Yekaterinoslav Governorate (Екатеринославская губернія; translit.: Yekaterinoslavskaya guberniya; Катеринославська губернія) or Government of Yekaterinoslav was a governorate in the Russian Empire.

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is a dystopian novel written by Japanese writer Haruki Murakami, first published in three volumes in Japan in 2009–10.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton_Chekhov

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