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Mindanao

Index Mindanao

Mindanao is the second largest island in the Philippines. [1]

220 relations: Aboitiz Equity Ventures, Agriculture, Agus River, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Agusan River, Animism, Apo–Talomo, Archipelago, Asian Journal of Women's Studies, ASPRO chronology, Austria, Austronesian peoples, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Banguingui people, Basilan, Batik, Batorampon Point, Battle of Marawi, Battle of Mindanao, Baybayin, Bislig, Blaan people, Bohol Sea, Boholano people, Breadbasket, Bucas Grande, Buddhism, Bukidnon, Butuan, Butuanon people, Cabadbaran, Cagayan de Oro, Cagayan River (Mindanao), Camiguin, Canyon, Caraga, Cebuano language, Cebuano people, Celebes Sea, Cenozoic, Chavacano, Cities of the Philippines, Compostela Valley, Confederation of sultanates in Lanao, Convention Between the United States and Great Britain (1930), Coral reef, Cotabato, Cotabato City, Cotabato Manobo language, ..., Crater lake, Czech Republic, Davao City, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Gulf, Davao Occidental, Davao Oriental, Davao Region, Davaoeño people, Dinagat Island, Dinagat Islands, Dipolog, Drainage divide, English language, Ganassi, Lanao del Sur, Ganesha, General Santos, Geography of the Philippines, Guy Fort, Hiligaynon language, Hiligaynon people, Hindu, History of the Philippines (900–1521), Hospitality industry, Hungary, Ikat, Ilaga, Ilagan, Iligan, Illana Bay, Ilocano people, Indigenous peoples of the Philippines, Iranun people, Ireland, Isabela, Basilan, Islam, Island, Island groups of the Philippines, Islet, Jolo, Kamayo language, Karay-a people, Kawi script, Kinnara, Koronadal, Koxinga, Lake Lanao, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Lianga, Surigao del Sur, List of conflicts in the Philippines, List of countries and dependencies by area, List of islands by population, List of primary local government units of the Philippines, Lumad, Luzon, Maguindanao, Maguindanao massacre, Maguindanao people, Mainland, Majapahit, Malabang, Lanao del Sur, Malay Archipelago, Manila, Manili massacre, Maranao people, Marawi, Maria Cristina Falls, Mariana Trench, Maute group, Meralco, Mindanao Development Authority, Mindanao State University, Mindanao Visayas Basketball Association, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Moro Islamic Liberation Front, Moro National Liberation Front, Moro people, Mosque, Mount Apo, Mount Kitanglad, Mount Malindang, Mount Matutum, Mount Melibengoy, Mount Ragang, National Power Corporation, Negrito, Neolithic, Netherlands, Northern Mindanao, Office of the Bangsamoro People, Ozamiz, Pagadian, Panguil Bay, Pata Island massacre, Philippine Sea, Philippine Statistics Authority, Philippine Trench, Philippines, Plateau, Portugal, Provinces of the Philippines, Pudong, Pulangi River, Quaternary, Rajahnate of Butuan, Ramayana, Ravana, Regions of the Philippines, Rio Grande de Mindanao, Rodrigo Duterte, Ruy López de Villalobos, Sama-Bajau, Samal, Davao del Norte, Sangirese people, Sarangani, Sarangani Bay, Sarong, Siargao, Silk, Simunul, Tawi-Tawi, Singkil, Soccsksargen, South Cotabato, South Korea, Southeast Asia, Srivijaya, Subanon people, Sultan Kudarat, Sultanate of Maguindanao, Sultanate of Sulu, Sulu, Sulu Archipelago, Sulu Sea, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Surigao Strait, Surigaonon people, Tacurong, Tagalog language, Talisayan, Misamis Oriental, Tasaday, Tausūg people, Tawi-Tawi, Tawi-Tawi Island, Taylor & Francis, Tboli people, Tinaca Point, Tonga Trench, Tourism, Treaty of Paris (1898), Treaty of Washington (1900), Turban, United States Agency for International Development, Visayas, Volcano, Waray people, Wendell Fertig, William F. Sharp, Yakan people, Young Moro Professionals Council, Zamboanga City, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga Peninsula, Zamboanga Peninsula (geographical region), Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboangueño people. Expand index (170 more) »

Aboitiz Equity Ventures

Aboitiz Equity Ventures, Inc. (AEV) is a Philippine holding company based in Bonifacio Global City, Metro Manila.

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Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Agus River

Agus River is a river that flows for 36.5 km from Lanao Lake to Iligan Bay, Philippines.

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Agusan del Norte

Agusan del Norte (Butuanon: Probinsya hong Agusan del Norte; Amihanang Agusan) is a province in the Philippines located in the Caraga region of Mindanao.

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Agusan del Sur

Agusan del Sur (Butuanon: Probinsya hong Agusan del Sur; Habagatang Agusan) is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao.

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Agusan River

Agusan River is a river in the Philippines.

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Animism

Animism (from Latin anima, "breath, spirit, life") is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.

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Apo–Talomo

Apo–Talomo (Also known as Mount Talomo or Talomo Mountain Range) is a Philippine mountain range that includes Mount Apo.

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Archipelago

An archipelago, sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands, or sometimes a sea containing a small number of scattered islands.

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Asian Journal of Women's Studies

Asian Journal of Women's Studies is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Ewha Womans University Press.

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ASPRO chronology

The ASPRO chronology is a nine-period dating system of the ancient Near East used by the Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée for archaeological sites aged between 14,000 and 5,700 BP.

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Austria

Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

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Austronesian peoples

The Austronesian peoples are various groups in Southeast Asia, Oceania and East Africa that speak languages that are under the Austronesian language super-family.

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Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (Awtonomong Rehiyon sa Muslim Mindanao, الحكم الذاتي الاقليمي لمسلمي مندناو Al-ḥukm adh-dhātiyy al-'aqlīmiyy limuslimiyy mindanāu; abbreviated ARMM) is an autonomous region of the Philippines, located in the Mindanao island group of the Philippines, that consists of five predominantly Muslim provinces: Basilan (except Isabela City), Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi.

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Banguingui people

Banguingui, also known as Sama Banguingui, Sama Bangingi’, Bangingi, and Samal Banguingui, is a distinct ethno-linguistic group dispersed throughout the Greater Sulu Archipelago and southern and western coastal regions of the Zamboanga Peninsula in Mindanao, Philippines.

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Basilan

Basilan (Chavacano: Provincia de Basilan; Tausug: Wilaya sin Basilan; Lalawigan sa Basilan) is an island province of the Philippines in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

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Batik

Batik (Javanese: ꦧꦠꦶꦏ꧀) is a technique of wax-resist dyeing applied to whole cloth, or cloth made using this technique originated from Indonesia.

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Batorampon Point

Batorampon Point is the westernmost point of the island of Mindanao in the Philippines and has been named so since the mid-19th century.

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Battle of Marawi

The Battle of Marawi (Labanan sa Marawi), also known as the Marawi siege (Pagkubkob sa Marawi) and the Marawi crisis (Krisis sa Marawi), was a five-month-long armed conflict in Marawi, Lanao del Sur, that started on 23 May 2017, between Philippine government security forces and militants affiliated with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), including the Maute and Abu Sayyaf Salafi jihadist groups.

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Battle of Mindanao

The Battle of Mindanao (Filipino: Labanan sa Mindanao Cebuano: Gubat sa Mindanao) was fought by United States forces and allied Filipino guerrillas against the Japanese from 10 March to 15 August 1945 on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines in a series of actions officially designated as Operation VICTOR V. It was part of the campaign to liberate the Philippines during World War II.

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Baybayin

Baybayin (pre-kudlit:, post-kudlit:, kudlit + pamudpod), is an ancient script used primarily by the Tagalog people.

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Bislig

, officially the, and often referred to as Bislig City, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Blaan people

The Blaan people, alternatively spelled as "B'laan", are one of the indigenous peoples of Southern Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Bohol Sea

The Bohol Sea, also called the Mindanao Sea, is located between Visayas and Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Boholano people

The Boholano people, also called Bol-anon, refers to the people who live in the island province of Bohol.

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Breadbasket

The breadbasket of a country is a region which, because of richness of soil and/or advantageous climate, produces large quantities of wheat or other grain.

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Bucas Grande

Bucas Grande is an island in the province of Surigao del Norte in the Philippines.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Bukidnon

Bukidnon (officially the Province of Bukidnon, Lalawigan sa Bukidnon) is a landlocked province in the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region.

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Butuan

(pronounced), officially the (Butuanon: Dakbayan hong; name; name), or simply known as City, is a highly urbanized city and regional center of the Caraga Region,.

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Butuanon people

The Butuanon are part of the wider Visayan ethnolinguistic group, which constitute the largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group. The Butuanon are one of the smallest Visayan ethnic groups. As with the Surigaonons, the Butuanons are also previously considered as Cebuanos.

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Cabadbaran

, officially the, (name; name), or simply known as City, is a settlement_text and capital of the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Cagayan de Oro

, officially the, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Cagayan de Oro; Filipino: Lungsod ng Cagayan de Oro), or simply referred to as Cagayan de Oro City, is a highly urbanized city in Northern Mindanao,.

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Cagayan River (Mindanao)

Cagayan River, often called the Cagayan de Oro River, is one of the rivers draining the northern central part of the island of Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Camiguin

Camiguin (Lalawigan sa Camiguin) is an island province in the Philippines located in the Bohol Sea, about off the northern coast of Mindanao.

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Canyon

A canyon (Spanish: cañón; archaic British English spelling: cañon) or gorge is a deep cleft between escarpments or cliffs resulting from weathering and the erosive activity of a river over geologic timescales.

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Caraga

Caraga, officially known as the Caraga Administrative Region or simply Caraga Region and designated as Region XIII, is an administrative region in the Philippines occupying the northeastern section of the island of Mindanao.

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Cebuano language

The Cebuano or Cebuan language, also often colloquially albeit informally referred to by most of its speakers simply as Bisaya (English translation: "Visayan", not to be confused with other Visayan languages), is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 21 million people in Central Visayas, western parts of Eastern Visayas and most parts of Mindanao, most of whom belong to various Visayan ethnolinguistic groups, mainly the Cebuanos.

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Cebuano people

The Cebuano people (Mga Sugbuanon) are a subgroup of the Visayan people whose primary language is the Cebuano language.

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Celebes Sea

The Celebes Sea (Laut Sulawesi, Dagat Selebes) of the western Pacific Ocean is bordered on the north by the Sulu Archipelago and Sulu Sea and Mindanao Island of the Philippines, on the east by the Sangihe Islands chain, on the south by Sulawesi's Minahassa Peninsula, and on the west by Kalimantan in Indonesia.

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Cenozoic

The Cenozoic Era meaning "new life", is the current and most recent of the three Phanerozoic geological eras, following the Mesozoic Era and, extending from 66 million years ago to the present day.

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Chavacano

Chavacano or Chabacano refers to a number of Spanish-based creole language varieties spoken in the Philippines.

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Cities of the Philippines

A city is one of the units of local government in the Philippines.

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Compostela Valley

Compostela Valley (Kawalogang Kompostela), or Davao de Oro, is a province in the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao.

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Confederation of sultanates in Lanao

The Sultanates of Lanao in Mindanao, Philippines were founded in the 16th century through the influence of Shariff Kabungsuan, who was enthroned as first Sultan of Maguindanao in 1520.

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Convention Between the United States and Great Britain (1930)

The Convention Between the United States and Great Britain (1930) was an agreement between the governments the United Kingdom and the United States to definitely delimit the boundary between North Borneo (then a British protectorate) and the Philippine archipelago (then a U.S. Territory).

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Coral reef

Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.

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Cotabato

Cotabato, formerly but colloquially known as North Cotabato (Amihanon nga Kotabato; Amihanang Kotabato; Maguindanaoan: Kuta Wato Nort), is a landlocked province in the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao.

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Cotabato City

Cotabato City, officially the City of Cotabato (Maguindanaon: Kuta Wato; Dakbayan sa Cotabato; Lungsod ng Cotabato), is a city in the Philippines in the province of Maguindanao.

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Cotabato Manobo language

Cotabato Manobo (Dulangan Manobo) is a Manobo language spoken in Mindanao, the Philippines.

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Crater lake

A crater lake is a lake that forms in a volcanic crater or caldera, such as a maar; less commonly and with lower association to the term a lake may form in an impact crater caused by a meteorite, or in the crater left by an artificial explosion caused by humans.

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Czech Republic

The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.

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Davao City

, officially the (Dakbayan sa Dabaw, Lungsod ng Dabaw), is a highly urbanized city in the island of Mindanao,.

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Davao del Norte

Davao del Norte (Amihanang Dabaw) is a province in the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao.

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Davao del Sur

Davao del Sur (Habagatang Dabaw) is a province in the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao.

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Davao Gulf

Davao Gulf is a gulf situated in the southeastern portion of Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Davao Occidental

Davao Occidental is the 81st and newest province in the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao.

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Davao Oriental

Davao Oriental (Sidlakang Dabaw) is a province in the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao.

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Davao Region

Davao Region, formerly called Southern Mindanao (Habagatang Mindanao; Timog Mindanao), is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region XI.

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Davaoeño people

The Davaoeño people are the permanent residents of the Davao Region of the island of Mindanao regardless of ethnicity or religion.

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Dinagat Island

Dinagat Island is an island located northeast of Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Dinagat Islands

The Dinagat Islands (Mga Isla sa Dinagat; Surigaonon: Mga Puyo nan Dinagat) are a group of islands constituting a province in the Caraga region in the Philippines, located on the south side of Leyte Gulf.

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Dipolog

, officially the, Lungsod ng Dipolog; Chavacano: Ciudad de Dipolog; Subanen: Gembagel G'benwa Dipuleg/Bagbenwa Dipuleg), is a settlement_text and capital of the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people. Geographically, the city is surrounded by rolling hills to the southeast and the Sulu Sea to the north. Dipolog is known for its wild orchids and its sardine industry which stems from the rich fishing area off its shores. It is known as the "Gateway to Western Mindanao" through the Western Nautical Highway and has also been called the "Bottled Sardines Capital of the Philippines." Dipolog can be reached by plane via Dipolog Airport or by ferry at the nearby Pulauan Port in Dapitan City. The construction of a roll-on/roll-off facility at Barangay Galas will allow for the eventual transfer of the service to Dipolog while retaining inter-island operations at Pulauan, which is soon to become a base port. A popular city attraction is the foreshore Dipolog Boulevard which, though still in its second phase of construction, has become a popular haven for exercise and leisure. It is also the site for various celebrations and festivals in the city. In the third phase of the project, the length of the boulevard will be extended to reach the seaport in Barangay Galas.

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Drainage divide

A drainage divide, water divide, divide, ridgeline, watershed, or water parting is the line that separates neighbouring drainage basins.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Ganassi, Lanao del Sur

, officially the, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Ganesha

Ganesha (गणेश), also known as Ganapati, Vinayaka, Pillaiyar and Binayak, is one of the best-known and most worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon.

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General Santos

, officially the, (Dakbayan sa Heneral Santos; Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Heneral Santos; Lungsod ng Heneral Santos, referred to as General Santos City, and abbreviated as GenSan, is a highly urbanized city in Soccsksargen,. According to the, it has a population of people. Located on the island of Mindanao, it is the southernmost and 15th-most populous city in the Philippines. It is the regional center for commerce and industry of the Soccsksargen region, and is geographically located within the province of South Cotabato but administered independently of it. Formerly known as Dadiangas, city is named after Gen. Paulino Santos, a former Commanding General of the Philippine Army, and the settlement's leading pioneer.

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Geography of the Philippines

The Philippines is an archipelago that consists of 7,107 islands with a total land area of.

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Guy Fort

Guy O. Fort (January 1, 1879 – November 11, 1942) was a brigadier general in the Philippine Army under the control of the United States Army Forces in the Far East.

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Hiligaynon language

The Hiligaynon language, also colloquially referred often by most of its speakers simply as Ilonggo, is an Austronesian regional language spoken in the Philippines by about 9.1 million people, mainly in Western Visayas and SOCCSKSARGEN, most of whom belong to the Visayan ethnic group, mainly the Hiligaynons.

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Hiligaynon people

The Hiligaynon people, often referred to as Ilonggo people (Mga Hiligaynon/Mga Ilonggo), are a subgroup of the Visayan people whose primary language is the Hiligaynon language, an Austronesian language native to Panay, Guimaras, and Negros.

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Hindu

Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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History of the Philippines (900–1521)

The recorded History of the Philippines begins with the creation of the Laguna Copperplate Inscription (LCI) in 900, the first written document found in an ancient Philippine language.

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Hospitality industry

The hospitality industry is a broad category of fields within the service industry that includes lodging, event planning, theme parks, transportation, cruise line, and additional fields within the tourism industry.

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Hungary

Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.

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Ikat

Ikat, or ikkat, is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs resist dyeing on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric.

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Ilaga

The Ilaga (Visayan for rat, translated to mean Ilonggo landgrabbers) is a Christian extremist paramilitary group based in southern Philippines.

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Ilagan

, (Siudad nat Ilagan; Siudad ti Ilagan; Lungsod ng Ilagan), officially the, is a settlement_text and capital of the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people making it the most populous city in the province.

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Iligan

, officially the, (Dakbayan sa Iligan; Lungsod ng Iligan), or referred to as Iligan City, is a highly urbanized city in Northern Mindanao,.

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Illana Bay

Illana Bay (Iranun Bay) is a large bay of the Moro Gulf, off the southwestern coast of Mindanao island in the Philippines.

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Ilocano people

The Ilocanos (Tattao nga Iloko/Ilokano), Ilokanos, or Iloko people are the third largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group that mostly reside within the Ilocos Region in the northwestern seaboard of Luzon, Philippines.

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Indigenous peoples of the Philippines

The Philippines consist of a large number of upland and lowland ethnolinguistic groups living in the country.

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Iranun people

The Iranun are a Moro ethnic group native to Mindanao, Philippines, and the west coast of Sabah (in which they are found in 25 villages around the Kota Belud and Lahad Datu districts; also in Kudat and Likas, Kota Kinabalu).

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Isabela, Basilan

, officially the, (Tausūg: Bandar; Chavacano: Ciudad de; name), or simply known as City, is a settlement_text in Zamboanga Peninsula,.

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Islam

IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Island

An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.

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Island groups of the Philippines

The geographical divisions of the Philippines are the three island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.

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Islet

An islet is a very small island.

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Jolo

Jolo (Tausūg: Sūg) is a volcanic island in the southwest Philippines and is the primary island of the province of Sulu wherein its capital of the same name is situated.

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Kamayo language

Kamayo (Kinamayo or alternatively spelled as Camayo), also called Kadi, Kinadi, or Mandaya, is a minor Austronesian language of the central eastern coast of Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Karay-a people

The Karay-a, are part of the wider Visayan ethnolinguistic group, which constitute the largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group.

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Kawi script

Aksara Kawi (from Sanskrit: कवि "kavi" lit. "poet") or Aksara Jawa Kuna ("Old Javanese script") is the name given to the writing system originating in Java and used across much of Maritime Southeast Asia from the 8th century to around 1500 AD.

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Kinnara

In Hindu mythology, a kinnara is a paradigmatic lover, a celestial musician, half-human and half-horse (India).

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Koronadal

, officially the, (Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Koronadal; Dakbayan sa Koronadal; Lungsod ng Koronadal), referred to as Koronadal City, and popularly known as Marbel, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Koxinga

Zheng Chenggong, better known in the West by his Hokkien honorific Koxinga or Coxinga, was a Chinese Ming loyalist who resisted the Qing conquest of China in the 17th century, fighting them on China's southeastern coast.

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Lake Lanao

Lake Lanao (Maranao: Ranao or Ranaw) is a large ancient lake in the Philippines, located in Lanao del Sur province in the country's southern island of Mindanao.

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Lanao del Norte

Lanao del Norte (Cebuano: Amihanang Lanao, Maranao: Ranao Pangotaraan), officially the Province of Lanao del Norte, is a province in the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region.

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Lanao del Sur

Lanao del Sur (Maranao: Ranao Pagabagatan), officially the Province of Lanao del Sur, is a province in the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

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Lianga, Surigao del Sur

, officially the, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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List of conflicts in the Philippines

This list of conflicts in the Philippines is a timeline of events that includes pre-colonial wars, Spanish–Moro conflict, Philippine revolts against Spain, battles, skirmishes, and other related items that have occurred in the Philippines' geographical area.

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List of countries and dependencies by area

This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.

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List of islands by population

This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population.

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List of primary local government units of the Philippines

Below is a combined list of primary-level subdivisions of local government in the Philippines.

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Lumad

The Lumad are a group of non-Muslim indigenous people in the southern Philippines.

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Luzon

Luzon is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines.

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Maguindanao

Maguindanao (Maguindanaon: Dalapa sa Magindanaw) is a province in the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

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Maguindanao massacre

The Maguindanao massacre, also known as the Ampatuan massacre after the town where the mass graves were found, occurred on the morning of November 23, 2009, in the town of Ampatuan in Maguindanao province, on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Maguindanao people

The Maguindanao people are part of the wider Moro ethnic group, who constitute the sixth largest Filipino ethnic group.

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Mainland

Mainland is a contiguous landmass that is larger and often politically, economically and/or demographically more significant than politically associated remote territories, such as exclaves or oceanic islands situated outside the continental shelf.

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Majapahit

The Majapahit Empire (Javanese: ꦏꦫꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦗꦥꦲꦶꦠ꧀ Karaton Majapahit, Kerajaan Majapahit) was a thalassocracy in Southeast Asia, based on the island of Java (part of modern-day Indonesia), that existed from 1293 to circa 1500.

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Malabang, Lanao del Sur

, officially the, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Malay Archipelago

The Malay Archipelago (Malaysian & Indonesian: Kepulauan Melayu/Nusantara, Tagalog: Kapuluang Malay, Visayan: Kapupud-ang Malay) is the archipelago between mainland Indochina and Australia.

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Manila

Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.

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Manili massacre

The Manili massacre refers to the mass murder of 70-79 Moro Muslims, including women and children, committed in a mosque in Manili, Carmen, North Cotabato, Philippines on June 19, 1971.

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Maranao people

The Maranao people (Maranao:; Filipino: Mëranaw (based on Papanoka Mera)), also spelled Meranao, Maranaw (based on Marapatik) and Mëranaw, is the term used by the Philippine government to refer to the southern tribe who are the "people of the lake" (Ranao in the Iranaon language), a predominantly-Muslim region of the Philippine island of Mindanao.

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Marawi

Marawi (Maranao: Inged san Marawi; Arabic: مدينة مراوي‎; Lungsod Islamiko ng Marawi) is the capital city of Lanao del Sur province in the Philippines.

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Maria Cristina Falls

Maria Cristina Falls is a waterfall of the Agus River on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Mariana Trench

The Mariana Trench or Marianas Trench is the deepest part of the world's oceans.

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Maute group

The Maute Group, also known as the Islamic State of Lanao, is a radical Islamist group composed of former Moro Islamic Liberation Front guerrillas and foreign fighters led by Abdullah Bahugduga, the alleged founder of a Dawlah Islamiya, or Islamic state based in Lanao del Sur, Mindanao, Philippines.

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Meralco

The Manila Electric Company, also known as Meralco (stylized in its logo as MERALCO), is the Philippines' largest distributor of electrical power.

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Mindanao Development Authority

The Mindanao Development Authority (MinDA) is a government agency of the Philippines created through Republic Act 9996 or the Mindanao Development Authority Act of 2010.

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Mindanao State University

Mindanao State University (commonly referred to as MSU Main) is a public coeducational institution of higher education and research in the Islamic city of Marawi, Philippines.

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Mindanao Visayas Basketball Association

The Mindanao Visayas Basketball Association (MVBA) was a community-based amateur commercial basketball league in Southern Philippines sanctioned by the country's National Sports Association for basketball, the Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas (SBP).

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Misamis Occidental

Misamis Occidental (Kasadpang Misamis; Subanen: Sindepan Mis'samis) is a province located in the region of Northern Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Misamis Oriental

Misamis Oriental (Sidlakang Misamis) is a province located in the region of Northern Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Moro Islamic Liberation Front

The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF; جبهة تحرير مورو الإسلامية Jabhat Taḥrīr Moro al-ʾIslāmiyyah) is a group based in Mindanao, Philippines seeking an autonomous region of the Moro people from the central government.

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Moro National Liberation Front

The Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) is a political organization in the Philippines that was founded in 1972.

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Moro people

The Moro, also called the Bangsamoro or Bangsa Moro, are the Muslim population of the Philippines, forming the largest non-Catholic group in the country and comprising about 11% (as of the year 2012) of the total Philippine population.

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Mosque

A mosque (from masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims.

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Mount Apo

Mount Apo (Bukid Apo) and (Bundok Apo) is a large solfataric, potentially active stratovolcano in the island of Mindanao, Philippines.

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Mount Kitanglad

Mount Kitanglad is an inactive volcano located in the Kitanglad Mountain Range in Bukidnon province on Mindanao island.

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Mount Malindang

Mount Malindang is a complex volcano located in the province of Misamis Occidental in the southern island of Mindanao, Philippines.

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Mount Matutum

Matutum is an active volcano, approximately from Acmonan, Tupi, South Cotabato, Philippines.

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Mount Melibengoy

Mount Parker, locally known as Melibengoy, is a stratovolcano on Mindanao island in the Philippines (6°06.8' N, 124°53.5' E).

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Mount Ragang

Mount Ragang, also called Mount Piapayungan and Blue Mountain by the local people, is a stratovolcano on Mindanao island in the Philippines.

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National Power Corporation

The National Power Corporation (Pambansang Korporasyon sa Elektrisidad, also known as Napocor, NPC or National Power), is a Philippine government-owned and controlled corporation that is mandated to provide electricity to all rural areas of the Philippines by 2025 (known as "missionary electrification"), to manage water resources for power generation, and to optimize the use of other power generating assets.

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Negrito

The Negrito are several different ethnic groups who inhabit isolated parts of South and Southeast Asia.

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Neolithic

The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Northern Mindanao

Northern Mindanao (Hilagang Kamindanawan, Amihanang Mindanao) is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region X. It comprises five provinces: Camiguin, Misamis Oriental, Lanao del Norte, Bukidnon and Misamis Occidental and two cities classified as highly urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao island, and the island-province of Camiguin.

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Office of the Bangsamoro People

The Office of the Bangsamoro or simply the Bangsamoro Office, is the executive office of the Regional Governor of the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Ozamiz

, officially the, (Dakbayan sa Ozamiz, Lungsod ng Ozamiz), or simply referred to as Ozamiz City, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Pagadian

, officially the, (Lungsod ng Pagadian; Chavacano: Ciudad de Pagadian), or simply referred to as Pagadian City, is a settlement_text and the capital of the province of,. It is the regional center of Zamboanga Peninsula and the second-largest city in the region, after the independent city of Zamboanga.

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Panguil Bay

Panguil Bay is an arm of Iligan Bay in Mindanao, Philippines.

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Pata Island massacre

The Pata Island massacre refers to an event that took place on 12 February 1981 in Pata Island, Sulu province in the Philippines.

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Philippine Sea

The Philippine Sea is a marginal sea east and northeast of the Philippines occupying an estimated surface area of.

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Philippine Statistics Authority

The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) was created on September 12, 2013 when the Philippine Statistical Act of 2013 (Republic Act No. 10625) was signed by President Benigno S. Aquino III.

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Philippine Trench

The Philippine Trench (also Philippine Deep, Mindanao Trench, and Mindanao Deep) is a submarine trench to the east of the Philippines.

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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Plateau

In geology and physical geography a plateau (or; plural plateaus or plateaux),is also called a high plain or a tableland, it is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes.

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Portugal

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.

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Provinces of the Philippines

The Provinces of the Philippines (Filipino: Mga Lalawigan ng Pilipinas) are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines.

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Pudong

Pudong is a district of Shanghai located east of the Huangpu River across from the historic city center of Shanghai in Puxi.

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Pulangi River

The Pulangi River (Cebuano pronunciation IPA), also spelled Pulangui, is the longest river in Bukidnon.

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Quaternary

Quaternary is the current and most recent of the three periods of the Cenozoic Era in the geologic time scale of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS).

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Rajahnate of Butuan

The Rajahnate of Butuan (also called as Kingdom of Butuan; Butuanon: Gingharian hong Butuan, Gingharian sa Butuan, Kaharian ng Butuan/Karahanan ng Butuan, Chinese: 蒲端國, Púduānguó in Chinese records), was an Indic polity centered on present Mindanao island in the modern city of Butuan in what is now the southern Philippines.

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Ramayana

Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.

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Ravana

Ravana (IAST: Rāvaṇa;; Sanskrit: रावण) is a character in the Hindu epic Ramayana where he is depicted as the Rakshasa king of Lanka.

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Regions of the Philippines

In the Philippines, regions (rehiyon), (ISO 3166-2:PH) are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces (lalawigan) of the country for administrative convenience.

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Rio Grande de Mindanao

The Rio Grande de Mindanao, also known as the Mindanao River, is the second largest river system in the Philippines, located on the southern island of Mindanao.

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Rodrigo Duterte

Rodrigo Roa Duterte (born March 28, 1945), also known as Digong and Rody, is a Filipino politician who is the 16th and current President of the Philippines and the first from Mindanao, the southernmost island of the country to hold the office.

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Ruy López de Villalobos

Ruy López de Villalobos (ca. 1500 – April 4, 1544) was a Spanish explorer who sailed the Pacific from Mexico to establish a permanent foothold for Spain in the East Indies, which was near the Line of Demarcation between Spain and Portugal according to the Treaty of Zaragoza in 1529.

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Sama-Bajau

The Sama-Bajau refers to several Austronesian ethnic groups of Maritime Southeast Asia with their origins from the southern Philippines.

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Samal, Davao del Norte

, officially the (Pulong Harding Lungsod ng Samal, Pulong Harding Dakbayan sa Samal), or sometimes called IGaCOS, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Sangirese people

Sangirese or Sangihe people are one of the native people to the Sangir Islands in the northern chain of islands in Sulawesi and the southern part of Mindanao.

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Sarangani

Sarangani, or Saraŋgani (Lalawigan sa Sarangani), is a province in the Philippines located in the Soccsksargen region.

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Sarangani Bay

Sarangani Bay is a bay located on the southern tip of Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Sarong

A sarong or sarung (Malay:, formal Indonesian:, colloquial Indonesian:, Tamil: சரம், Arabic: صارون, Sinhalese: සරම; meaning "sheath" in Indonesian and Malay) is a large tube or length of fabric, often wrapped around the waist, worn in South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Arabian Peninsula, East Africa, and on many Pacific islands.

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Siargao

Siargao is a tear-drop shaped island in the Philippine Sea situated 800 kilometers southeast of Manila in the province of Surigao del Norte.

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Silk

Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.

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Simunul, Tawi-Tawi

, officially the, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Singkil

Singkíl (or Sayaw sa Kasingkil) is a folk dance of the Maranao people of Lake Lanao based on the epic legend Darangen, an adaptation of Ramayana.

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Soccsksargen

Soccsksargen (officially styled as SOCCSKSARGEN) (pronounced), formerly known simply as Cotabato or Kota Bato, is an administrative region of the Philippines, located in south-central Mindanao.

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South Cotabato

South Cotabato, officially the Province of South Cotabato (Bagatnan nga Kotabato; Habagatang Kotabato; Maguindanaon: Kuta Wato Saut), is a province in the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Srivijaya

Srivijaya (also written Sri Vijaya, Indonesian/Malay: Sriwijaya, Javanese: ꦯꦿꦶꦮꦶꦗꦪ, Sundanese:, ศรีวิชัย, Sanskrit: श्रीविजय, Śrīvijaya, Khmer: ស្រីវិជ័យ "Srey Vichey", known by the Chinese as Shih-li-fo-shih and San-fo-ch'i t) was a dominant thalassocratic Malay city-state based on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia.

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Subanon people

Subanon (also spelled Subanen or Subanun) is a tribe indigenous to the Zamboanga peninsula area, particularly living in the mountainous areas of Zamboanga del Sur and Misamis Occidental, Mindanao Island, Philippines.

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Sultan Kudarat

Sultan Kudarat (Kapuoran sang Sultan Kudarat; Probinsya kang Sultan Kudarat; Lalawigan sa Sultan Kudarat; Maguindanaon: Dalapa sa Sultan Kudarat) is a province in the Philippines located in the Soccsksargen region in Mindanao.

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Sultanate of Maguindanao

The Sultanate of Maguindanao (Maguindanaoan: Kasultanan sa Magindanaw; Jawi: كسولتانن ماڬوايندنااو; Filipino: Kasultanan ng Maguindanao; Malay: Kesultanan Maguindanaw; سلطنة ماجوينداناو) was a Sultanate state that ruled parts of the island of Mindanao, in southern Philippines, especially in modern-day Maguindanao province and Davao City.

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Sultanate of Sulu

The Sultanate of Sulu (Tausūg: Kasultanan sin Sūg, Jawi: کسلطانن سولو دار الإسلام, Kesultanan Sulu, سلطنة سولك) was a Muslim state that ruled the islands in the Sulu Archipelago, parts of Mindanao, certain portions of Palawan and north-eastern Borneo (present-day the certain parts of Sabah and North Kalimantan).

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Sulu

Sulu (Tausūg: ولايا سين سوگ, Wilāya sin Sūg) is a province of the Philippines in the Sulu Archipelago and part of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

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Sulu Archipelago

The Sulu Archipelago (Tausug: Sūg, Kepulauan Sulu, Kapuluan ng Sulu) is a chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean, in the southwestern Philippines.

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Sulu Sea

The Sulu Sea (Dagat Sulu, Laut Sulu, Mar de Joló) is a body of water in the southwestern area of the Philippines, separated from the South China Sea in the northwest by Palawan and from the Celebes Sea in the southeast by the Sulu Archipelago.

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Surigao del Norte

Surigao del Norte (Surigaonon: Probinsya nan Surigao del Norte; Amihanang Surigao; Spanish: Provincia de Surigao del Norte) is a province in the Philippines located in the Caraga region of Mindanao.

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Surigao del Sur

Surigao del Sur (Surigaonon/Tandaganon: Probinsya nan Surigao del Sur; Habagatang Surigao) is a province in the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao.

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Surigao Strait

Surigao Strait (Filipino: Kipot ng Surigaw) is a strait in the southern Philippines, between the Bohol Sea and the Leyte Gulf of the Philippine Sea.

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Surigaonon people

The Surigaonon people are part of the wider Visayan metaethnicity.

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Tacurong

, officially the, (Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Tacurong; Dakbayan sa Tacurong; Lungsod ng Tacurong), and referred to as Tacurong City, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Tagalog language

Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a quarter of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by the majority.

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Talisayan, Misamis Oriental

, officially the, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Tasaday

The Tasaday are an indigenous people of the Philippine island of Mindanao.

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Tausūg people

The Tausūg or Suluk people are an ethnic group of the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia.

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Tawi-Tawi

Tawi-Tawi (Tausug: Wilāya sin Tawi-Tawi) is an island province in the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

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Tawi-Tawi Island

Tawitawi Island (also spelled Tawi Tawi or Tawi-Tawi) is a Philippine island in the Sulu Archipelago between the Sulu Sea and Celebes Sea, about east of Borneo.

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Taylor & Francis

Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.

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Tboli people

The Tboli people are one of the indigenous peoples of South Cotabato in Southern Mindanao.

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Tinaca Point

Tinaca Point is a headland in the southern part of Davao Occidental, in the Philippines.

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Tonga Trench

The Tonga Trench is an oceanic trench located in the south-west Pacific Ocean.

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Tourism

Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.

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Treaty of Paris (1898)

The Treaty of Paris of 1898 (Filipino: Kasunduan sa Paris ng 1898; Spanish: Tratado de París (1898)) was an agreement made in 1898 that involved Spain relinquishing nearly all of the remaining Spanish Empire, especially Cuba, and ceding Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States.

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Treaty of Washington (1900)

The Treaty of Washington of 1900 was signed on November 7, 1900, and came into effect on March 23, 1901, when the ratifications were exchanged.

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Turban

A turban (from Persian دولبند‌, dulband; via Middle French turbant) is a type of headwear based on cloth winding.

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United States Agency for International Development

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is an independent agency of the United States federal government that is primarily responsible for administering civilian foreign aid and development assistance.

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Visayas

The Visayas, or the Visayan Islands (Visayan: Kabisay-an,; Kabisayaan), is one of the three principal geographical divisions of the Philippines, along with Luzon and Mindanao.

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Volcano

A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

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Waray people

The Waray people are a subgroup of the Visayan people whose primary language is the Waray language (also called Lineyte-Samarnon), an Austronesian language native to the islands of Samar, Leyte and Biliran, which together comprise the Eastern Visayas Region of the Philippines.

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Wendell Fertig

Wendell Fertig (16 December 1900 – 24 March 1975)Brooks 2003, p. 37.

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William F. Sharp

William Fletcher Sharp (September 22, 1885 – March 30, 1947) was a United States Army major general.

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Yakan people

The Yakan people are among the major indigenous Filipino ethnolinguistic groups in the Sulu Archipelago.

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Young Moro Professionals Council

Young Moro Professionals Council, almost always referred to by its abbreviation YMPC, is an organization of young Muslim professionals in Mindanao.

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Zamboanga City

, officially the, (Chavacano: Ciudad de Zamboanga, Lungsod ng Zamboanga), is a highly urbanized city in the Zamboanga Peninsula,.

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Zamboanga del Norte

Zamboanga del Norte, officially the Province of Zamboanga del Norte Subanon: Utara Sembwangan, Chavacano: Provincia de Zamboanga del Norte), is a province in the Philippines situated within the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is Dipolog City and the province borders Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay to the south, Misamis Occidental to the east, and the Sulu Sea to the west. Zamboanga del Norte is the largest province of the Zamboanga Peninsula region by land area covering. Zamboanga del Norte is the 26th populous province in the Philippines.

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Zamboanga del Sur

Zamboanga del Sur; Chavacano: Provincia de Zamboanga del Sur; Subanen: S'helatan Sembwangan/Sembwangan dapit Shelatan; Iranun: Pagabagatan a Diambangan) is a province in the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is the city of Pagadian. Grouped with Zamboanga del Sur is the highly urbanized city of Zamboanga, which is governed independently from the province. The province borders Zamboanga del Norte to the north, Zamboanga Sibugay to the west, Misamis Occidental to the northeast, and Lanao del Norte to the east. To the south is the Moro Gulf.

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Zamboanga Peninsula

Zamboanga Peninsula (Chavacano: Peninsula de Zamboanga; Tangway ng Zamboanga; Península de Zamboanga) is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region IX.

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Zamboanga Peninsula (geographical region)

The Zamboanga Peninsula (geographic landform) is a long, semicircular peninsula and the northwestern part of Mindanao Island, the southern part of the Philippines.

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Zamboanga Sibugay

Zamboanga Sibugay (Lalawigan sa Zamboanga Sibugay, Chavacano: Provincia de Zamboanga Sibugay) is a province in the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao.

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Zamboangueño people

The Zamboangueño people or Zamboangueño nation (Chavacano/Spanish: Pueblo/Nación Zamboangueño) are a creole ethnolinguistic nation of the Philippines originating in Zamboanga City.

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Redirects here:

El Gran Molucas, Gran Moluccas, Great Mollucas, Island of Mindanao, Kamindanawan, Mindanaense, Mindanaenses, Mindanao (island group), Mindanao Island, Mindanao island, Mindanaoan, Mindanaoans, Mindanawon, Mindanoa, South Philippines, Southern Philippines, Surigao Island, The Great Mollucas.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mindanao

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