99 relations: Accounting scandals, Accreditation, Africa, Alberta, Articles of incorporation, Ashoka (non-profit organization), Association without lucrative purpose, Australia, Board of directors, Board-only, Business, Canada Business Corporations Act, Canada Revenue Agency, Charitable trust, Charity Commission for England and Wales, Church (building), Common law, Community interest company, Community organization, Companies and Intellectual Property Commission, Cooperative, Corporate governance, Corporation, CounterPunch, Country code top-level domain, Domain name, Double bottom line, Dutch language, Economic surplus, England and Wales, Executive director, FairVote, Fiduciary, Form 990, Founder's syndrome, France, French colonial empire, French language, Fundraising, German language, Housing cooperative, Income tax in the United States, Incorporated society, India, Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques, Internal Revenue Code, Internal Revenue Service, Legal person, Letters patent, Limited liability, ..., List of commodities exchanges, Market discipline, Master of Nonprofit Organizations, Model Nonprofit Corporation Act, Mutual organization, National Association of Parliamentarians, National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, Non-commercial, Non-governmental organization, Non-profit organizations and access to public information, Non-profit technology, Nonprofit organization, Occupational safety and health, Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator, Ontario, Private company limited by guarantee, Private company limited by shares, Profit motive, Property tax, Religious organization, Republic of Ireland, Revenue, Sales tax, Scotland, Social economy, Social enterprise, Social issue, South Africa, South African Revenue Service, Supporting organization (charity), Tax exemption, The Japan Times, Top-level domain, Trust law, Trustee, Ultra vires, United States, United States non-profit laws, Voluntary association, Voluntary sector, Wikimedia Foundation, .com, .coop, .edu, .museum, .org, .us, 501(c) organization, 501(c)(3) organization. Expand index (49 more) » « Shrink index
Accounting scandals are business scandals which arise from intentional manipulation of financial statements with the disclosure of financial misdeeds by trusted executives of corporations or governments.
Accreditation is the process in which certification of competency, authority, or credibility is presented.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Alberta is a western province of Canada.
Articles of incorporation, also referred to as the certificate of incorporation or the corporate charter, is a document or charter that establishes the existence of a corporation in the United States and Canada.
Ashoka (branded Ashoka: Innovators of the Public) is an international organization that promotes social entrepreneurship by affiliating individual social entrepreneurs into the Ashoka organization.
Vereniging zonder winstoogmerk (Dutch, abbreviated vzw) or Association sans but lucratif (French, abbreviated asbl) or Vereinigung ohne Gewinnerzielungsabsicht (German, abbreviated VoG) is the legal term for a 'not-for-profit association' in Belgium; the French term also applies in Luxembourg and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
A board of directors is a recognized group of people who jointly oversee the activities of an organization, which can be either a for-profit business, nonprofit organization, or a government agency.
A board-only organization is one that is managed by a board that is self-appointed or otherwise not accountable (for all practical purposes) to a base of members through elections, a delegate body, etc.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
The Canada Business Corporations Act ("CBCA") is an Act of the Parliament of Canada regulating Canadian business corporations.
The Canada Revenue Agency (or CRA); formerly Revenue Canada and the Canada Customs and Revenue Agency (or ARC), is a Canadian federal agency that administers tax laws for the Government of Canada and for most provinces and territories, international trade legislation, and various social and economic benefit and incentive programs delivered through the tax system.
A charitable trust is an irrevocable trust established for charitable purposes and, in some jurisdictions, a more specific term than "charitable organization".
The Charity Commission for England and Wales is the non-ministerial government department that regulates registered charities in England and Wales and maintains the Central Register of Charities.
A church building or church house, often simply called a church, is a building used for Christian religious activities, particularly for worship services.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
A community interest company (CIC) is a type of company introduced by the United Kingdom government in 2005 under the Companies (Audit, Investigations and Community Enterprise) Act 2004, designed for social enterprises that want to use their profits and assets for the public good.
Community organization covers a series of activities at the community level aimed at bringing about desired improvement in the social well being of individuals, groups and neighborhoods.
The Companies and Intellectual Property Commission (CIPC) is an agency of the Department of Trade and Industry in South Africa.
A cooperative (also known as co-operative, co-op, or coop) is "an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise".
Corporate governance is the mechanisms, processes and relations by which corporations are controlled and directed.
A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.
CounterPunch is a magazine published six times per year in the United States that covers politics in a manner its editors describe as "muckraking with a radical attitude".
A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is an Internet top-level domain generally used or reserved for a country, sovereign state, or dependent territory identified with a country code.
A domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority or control within the Internet.
Double bottom line (abbreviated as DBL or 2BL) seeks to extend the conventional bottom line, that measures fiscal performance—financial profit or loss—by adding a second bottom line to measure their performance in terms of positive social impact.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
In mainstream economics, economic surplus, also known as total welfare or Marshallian surplus (after Alfred Marshall), refers to two related quantities.
England and Wales is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom.
An executive director is a chief executive officer (CEO) or managing director of an organization, company, or corporation.
FairVote (formerly the Center for Voting and Democracy) is a 501(c)(3) organization that advocates electoral reform in the United States.
A fiduciary is a person who holds a legal or ethical relationship of trust with one or more other parties (person or group of persons).
Form 990 (officially, the "Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax") is a United States Internal Revenue Service form that provides the public with financial information about a nonprofit organization.
Founder's syndrome (also founderitis) is a popular term for a difficulty faced by organizations where one or more founders maintain disproportionate power and influence following the effective initial establishment of the project, leading to a wide range of problems for the organization.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The French colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 16th century onward.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Fundraising or fund raising (also known as "development") is the process of gathering voluntary contributions of money or other resources, by requesting donations from individuals, businesses, charitable foundations, or governmental agencies (see also crowd funding).
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
A housing cooperative, co-op, or housing company (especially in Finland), is a legal entity, usually a cooperative or a corporation, which owns real estate, consisting of one or more residential buildings; it is one type of housing tenure.
Income taxes in the United States are imposed by the federal, most state, and many local governments.
In New Zealand an incorporated society is a group of at least 15 people who have applied for registration under the Incorporated Societies Act 1908.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques), abbreviated INSEE, is the national statistics bureau of France.
The Internal Revenue Code (IRC), formally the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, is the domestic portion of federal statutory tax law in the United States, published in various volumes of the United States Statutes at Large, and separately as Title 26 of the United States Code (USC).
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the revenue service of the United States federal government.
A legal person (in legal contexts often simply person, less ambiguously legal entity) is any human or non-human entity, in other words, any human being, firm, or government agency that is recognized as having privileges and obligations, such as having the ability to enter into contracts, to sue, and to be sued.
Letters patent (always in the plural) are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation.
Limited liability is where a person's financial liability is limited to a fixed sum, most commonly the value of a person's investment in a company or partnership.
A commodities exchange is an exchange where various commodities and derivatives products are traded.
Buyers and sellers in a market are said to be constrained by market discipline in setting prices because they have strong incentives to generate revenues and avoid bankruptcy.
The Master of Nonprofit Organizations (MNO or MNPO), Master of Non-profit Management (MNM), Master of Not-for-Profit Leadership (MNPL), Master of Nonprofit Studies (MNpS), Master of Public Affairs (MPA), Master of Philanthropic Studies, Master of Nonprofit Administration (MNA) and similarly named degrees offer graduate-level training in management and leadership in the nonprofit sector.
The Model Nonprofit Corporation Act (MNCA) is model legislation prepared by the of the Business Law Section of the American Bar Association.
A mutual, mutual organization, or mutual society is an organization (which is often, but not always, a company or business) based on the principle of mutuality.
The National Association of Parliamentarians (NAP) is the largest non-profit association of parliamentarians in the world.
The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) is an American non-profit organization based in Washington, DC whose aim is to move public opinion sufficiently to achieve the legalization of non-medical marijuana in the United States so that the responsible use of cannabis by adults is no longer subject to penalty.
Non-commercial (also spelled noncommercial) refers to an activity or entity that does not, in some sense, involve commerce, at least relative to similar activities that do have a commercial objective or emphasis.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
When government agencies outsource basic services to third-party non-profit contractors, one consequence is that the public may lose its access to information about the service that the public would have retained, had a government agency carried out the service directly.
Nonprofit technology is the deliberative use of technology by nonprofit organizations to maximize potential in numerous areas, primarily in supporting the organization mission and meeting reporting requirements to funders and regulators.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
Occupational safety and health (OSH), also commonly referred to as occupational health and safety (OHS), occupational health, or workplace health and safety (WHS), is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the safety, health, and welfare of people at work.
The Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator (OSCR) is a non-ministerial department of the Scottish Government with responsibility for the regulation of charities in Scotland.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
In British and Irish company law, a company limited by guarantee (LBG) is an alternative type of corporation used primarily for non-profit organisations that require legal personality.
A private company limited by shares is a class of private limited company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales, Scotland, certain Commonwealth countries, and the Republic of Ireland.
In economics, the profit motive is the motivation of firms that operate so as to maximize their profits.
A property tax or millage rate is an ad valorem tax on the value of a property, usually levied on real estate.
Religious activities generally need some infrastructure to be conducted.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
In accounting, revenue is the income that a business has from its normal business activities, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers.
A sales tax is a tax paid to a governing body for the sales of certain goods and services.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The social economy is formed by a rich diversity of enterprises and organisations, such as cooperatives, mutuals, associations, foundations, social enterprises and paritarian institutions, sharing common values and features.
A social enterprise is an organization that applies commercial strategies to maximize improvements in financial, social and environmental well-being—this may include maximizing social impact alongside profits for external shareholders.
A social issue is a problem that influences a considerable number of the individuals within a society.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
The South African Revenue Service (SARS) is the revenue service (tax-collecting agency) of the South African government.
A supporting organization, in the United States, is a public charity that operates under the U.S. Internal Revenue Code in.
Tax exemption is a monetary exemption which reduces taxable income.
The Japan Times is Japan's largest and oldest English-language daily newspaper.
A top-level domain (TLD) is one of the domains at the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System of the Internet.
A trust is a three-party fiduciary relationship in which the first party, the trustor or settlor, transfers ("settles") a property (often but not necessarily a sum of money) upon the second party (the trustee) for the benefit of the third party, the beneficiary.
Trustee (or the holding of a trusteeship) is a legal term which, in its broadest sense, is a synonym for anyone in a position of trust and so can refer to any person who holds property, authority, or a position of trust or responsibility for the benefit of another.
Ultra vires is a Latin phrase meaning "beyond the powers".
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
United States non-profit laws relate to taxation, the special problems of an organization which does not have profit as its primary motivation, and prevention of charitable fraud.
A voluntary group or union (also sometimes called a voluntary organization, common-interest association,Prins HEL et al. (2010).. Cengage Learning. association, or society) is a group of individuals who enter into an agreement, usually as volunteers, to form a body (or organization) to accomplish a purpose.
The voluntary sector or community sector (also non-profit sector or not-for-profit sector) is the duty of social activity undertaken by organizations that are not-for-profit and non-governmental.
The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (WMF, or simply Wikimedia) is an American non-profit and charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California.
The domain name com is a top-level domain (TLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet.
The domain coop is a sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet.
The domain name.edu is a sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet.
museum is a sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet used exclusively by museums, museum associations, and individual members of the museum profession, as these groups are defined by the International Council of Museums (ICOM).
The domain name org is a generic top-level domain (gTLD) of the Domain Name System (DNS) used in the Internet.
.us is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the United States of America.
A 501(c) organization is a nonprofit organization in the federal law of the United States according to and is one of 29 types of nonprofit organizations exempt from some federal income taxes.
A 501(c)(3) organization is a corporation, trust, unincorporated association, or other type of organization exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the United States Code.
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