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The British North America Act, 1840 (3 & 4 Victoria, c.35), commonly known as the Act of Union 1840, was enacted in July 1840 and proclaimed February 10, 1841 in Montréal.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Agricultural machinery is machinery used in farming or other agriculture.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Air Canada is the flag carrier and largest airline of Canada by fleet size and passengers carried.
In meteorology, an air mass is a volume of air defined by its temperature and water vapor content.
Air medical services is a comprehensive term covering the use of air transportation, airplane or helicopter, to move patients to and from healthcare facilities and accident scenes.
An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight.
Albany is the capital of the U.S. state of New York and the seat of Albany County.
Algoma District is a district and census division in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario.
The Algonquian are one of the most populous and widespread North American native language groups.
The Algonquins are indigenous inhabitants of North America who speak the Algonquin language, a divergent dialect of the Ojibwe language, which is part of the Algonquian language family.
Alliston is a settlement in Simcoe County in the Canadian province of Ontario.
The Ambassador Bridge (Pont Ambassadeur) is a suspension bridge that connects Detroit, Michigan, United States, with Windsor, Ontario, Canada.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Hockey League (AHL) is a 31-team professional ice hockey league based in the United States and Canada that serves as the primary developmental league for the National Hockey League (NHL).
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to three Canadian cities.
Arable land (from Latin arabilis, "able to be plowed") is, according to one definition, land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.
The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.
The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans.
Arkells are a Canadian rock band, formed in Hamilton, Ontario.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Atikameksheng Anishnawbek (Anishinaabe language: Adikamegosheng Anishinaabeg, syncoped as Dikmegsheng Nishnaabeg), formerly known as the Whitefish Lake First Nation, is an Ojibway First Nation in northern Ontario, Canada.
Atikokan (Ojibwe for "caribou bones") is a township in the Rainy River District in Northwestern Ontario, Canada.
Atlantic Canada is the region of Canada comprising the four provinces located on the Atlantic coast, excluding Quebec: the three Maritime provinces – New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia – and the easternmost province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
ATS Automation Tooling Systems is a Cambridge, Ontario based Canadian company which designs and builds factory automation solutions.
Étienne Brûlé (c. 1592 – c. June 1633) was the first European explorer to journey beyond the St. Lawrence River in what is today Canada.
Barrie is a city, and manifesting regional centre in Central Ontario, Canada, positioned on the shores of Kempenfelt Bay, the western arm of Lake Simcoe.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
The Bathurst District was a historic district in Upper Canada which existed until 1849.
The Battle of York was fought on April 27, 1813, in York (present-day Toronto), the capital of the colonial province of Upper Canada (present-day Ontario), during the Anglo-American War of 1812.
Bearskin Lake Air Service LP, operating as Bearskin Airlines, is a regional airline based in Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.
The Beaver Wars, also known as the Iroquois Wars or the French and Iroquois Wars, encompass a series of conflicts fought intermittently during the 17th and 18th centuries in eastern North America.
The Belleville Senators are a professional ice hockey team in the American Hockey League (AHL) that began play in the 2017–18 season as the top minor league affiliate of the National Hockey League team, the Ottawa Senators.
Belleville (Canada 2016 Census population 50,716; census agglomeration population 103,472) is a city located at the mouth of the Moira River on the Bay of Quinte in Southern (Central) Ontario, Canada, along the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor.
BlackBerry is a line of smartphones, tablets, and services originally designed and marketed by Canadian company BlackBerry Limited (formerly known as Research In Motion, or RIM).
BlackBerry Limited is a Canadian multinational company specializing in enterprise software and the Internet of things.
The Blue Water Bridge is a twin-span international bridge across the St. Clair River that links Port Huron, Michigan, United States, and Sarnia, Ontario, Canada.
BMO Field is an outdoor stadium located at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada which is home to Toronto FC of Major League Soccer, the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League, and Toronto FC II of the United Soccer League.
A board of education, school committee or school board is the board of directors or board of trustees of a school, local school district or higher administrative level.
Brampton is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Brian Byrne (born January 13, 1975 in Steady Brook, Newfoundland and Labrador) is a Canadian singer-songwriter and musician, best recognized as the former vocalist for I Mother Earth.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
The term "British North America" refers to the former territories of the British Empire on the mainland of North America.
Bruce Nuclear Generating Station is a nuclear power station located on the eastern shore of Lake Huron in Ontario.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Budweiser Gardens is a sports-entertainment centre, in London, Ontario, Canada – the largest such centre in southwestern Ontario.
Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.
Burlington is a city in the Regional Municipality of Halton at the northwestern end of Lake Ontario.
The Burning of Washington was a British invasion of Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, during the War of 1812.
A cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Cambridge (2016 population 129,920) is a city located in Southern Ontario at the confluence of the Grand and Speed rivers in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Canada 1911 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population.
The Canada 1996 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population.
The Canada 2001 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population.
The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population.
The Canada 2011 Census is a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population on May 10, 2011.
The Canada 2016 Census is the most recent detailed enumeration of the Canadian residents, which counted a population of 35,151,728, a change from its 2011 population of 33,476,688.
Canada East (Canada-Est) was the northeastern portion of the United Province of Canada.
The Canadian (Le Canadien) is a transcontinental passenger train operated by Via Rail Canada with service between Union Station in Toronto, Ontario, and Pacific Central Station in Vancouver, British Columbia.
The Canadian Alliance of Student Associations (CASA) is a federally focused student advocacy organization.
The Canadian American Association of Professional Baseball, commonly known as the Can-Am League, is a professional, independent baseball league with teams in the Northeast United States and Eastern Canada, founded in 2005 as a reorganization of its predecessor, the Northeast League.
Canadian Confederation (Confédération canadienne) was the process by which the British colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867.
Canadian English (CanE, CE, en-CA) is the set of varieties of the English language native to Canada.
Canadian federalism involves the current nature and historical development of federal systems in Canada.
The Canadian Federation of Students (CFS) is the largest student organization in Canada, representing over 530,000 students from across Canada.
Canadian football is a sport played in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play long and wide attempting to advance a pointed prolate spheroid ball into the opposing team's scoring area (end zone).
The Canadian Football League (CFL; Ligue canadienne de football, LCF) is a professional sports league in Canada.
Canadian French (français canadien) refers to a variety of dialects of the French language generally spoken in Canada.
The Canadian National Railway Company (Compagnie des chemins de fer nationaux du Canada) is a Canadian Class I freight railway headquartered in Montreal, Quebec that serves Canada and the Midwestern and Southern United States.
Canadian nationalism seeks to promote the unity, independence, and well-being of Canada and Canadians.
The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), also known formerly as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I railroad incorporated in 1881.
The Canadian Prairies is a region in Western Canada, which may correspond to several different definitions, natural or political.
The Canadian government debt, commonly called the "public debt" or the "national debt", is the amount of money owed by the Government of Canada to holders of Canadian Treasury security.
The Canadian Shield, also called the Laurentian Plateau, or Bouclier canadien (French), is a large area of exposed Precambrian igneous and high-grade metamorphic rocks (geological shield) that forms the ancient geological core of the North American continent (the North American Craton or Laurentia).
Canadian Tire Centre (Centre Canadian Tire) is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, located in the western suburb of Kanata.
The Canadian Women's Hockey League (CWHL) is a professional women's ice hockey league.
Canadians (Canadiens / Canadiennes) are people identified with the country of Canada.
The CANDU, for Canada Deuterium Uranium, is a Canadian pressurized heavy-water reactor design used to generate electric power.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
The Carolinian forest is a life zone in eastern North America characterized primarily by a predominance of deciduous (broad-leaf) trees.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The census geographic units of Canada are the administrative divisions defined and used by Canada's federal government statistics bureau Statistics Canada to conduct the country's five-yearly census.
Central Canada (sometimes the Central provinces) is a region consisting of Canada's two largest and most populous provinces: Ontario and Quebec.
The Central Canadian Shield forests are a taiga ecoregion of Canada.
Central Ontario is a secondary region of Southern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario that lies between Georgian Bay and the eastern end of Lake Ontario.
The North American Central Time Zone (CT) is a time zone in parts of Canada, the United States, Mexico, Central America, some Caribbean Islands, and part of the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
The Championship is a professional rugby league competition.
A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.
The Chevrolet Camaro is an American automobile manufactured by Chevrolet, classified as a pony car and some versions also as a muscle car.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles US LLC (commonly known as Chrysler) is the American subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., an Italian-American automobile manufacturer registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in London, U.K., for tax purposes.
Clarence-Rockland is a city in Eastern Ontario, Canada, in the United Counties of Prescott and Russell on the Ottawa River.
Clarington (2016 population 92,013) is a lower-tier municipality in the Regional Municipality of Durham in Ontario, Canada.
Cobalt is a town in the district of Timiskaming, in the province of Ontario, Canada, with a population of 1,118 according to the Canada 2016 Census.
The College Student Alliance (CSA) is a provincial advocacy organization that represents students at Ontario community colleges.
The common loon or great northern diver (Gavia immer) is a large member of the loon, or diver, family of birds.
Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis.
The Confederation Line (Ligne de la Confédération) is a light rail transit (LRT) line under construction in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
The Constitution Act, 1867, 30 & 31 Victoria, c. 3 (U.K.), R.S.C. 1985, App.
The Constitution of Canada is the supreme law in Canada; the country's constitution is an amalgamation of codified acts and uncodified traditions and conventions.
The Clergy Endowments (Canada) Act 1791 (31 Geo 3 c 31), (the Act) commonly known as the Constitutional Act 1791, is an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain.
Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure.
Container ships (sometimes spelled containerships) are cargo ships that carry all of their load in truck-size intermodal containers, in a technique called containerization.
The Corn Belt is a region of the Midwestern United States that, since the 1850s, has dominated corn production in the United States.
The Corn Laws were tariffs and other trade restrictions on imported food and grain ("corn") enforced in Great Britain between 1815 and 1846.
Cornwall is a city in Eastern Ontario, Canada, and the seat of the United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry.
Corylus avellana, the common hazel, is a species of hazel native to Europe and western Asia, from the British Isles south to Iberia, Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, north to central Scandinavia, and east to the central Ural Mountains, the Caucasus, and northwestern Iran.
A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes,Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations.
The Cree (script; Cri) are one of the largest groups of First Nations in North America, with over 200,000 members living in Canada.
A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting or processing (or both) of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffaloes, sheep, horses, or camels – for human consumption.
The Dalhousie District was a historic district in Upper Canada which existed until 1849.
Dalton James Patrick McGuinty, Jr., (born July 19, 1955) is a Canadian retired politician who served as the 24th Premier of Ontario from 2003 to 2013.
Daylight saving time (abbreviated DST), sometimes referred to as daylight savings time in U.S., Canadian, and Australian speech, and known as summer time in some countries, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times.
In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.
In economics, the debt-to-GDP ratio is the ratio between a country's government debt (a cumulative amount) and its gross domestic product (GDP) (measured in years).
Decentralization is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision-making, are distributed or delegated away from a central, authoritative location or group.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
The Detroit River (Rivière Détroit) flows for from Lake St. Clair to Lake Erie as a strait in the Great Lakes system and forms part of the border between Canada and the United States.
The Detroit–Windsor Tunnel (French: Tunnel Detroit-Windsor), also known as the Detroit-Canada Tunnel, is a highway tunnel connecting Detroit, Michigan, in the United States, with Windsor, Ontario, in Canada.
The District of Keewatin was a territory of Canada and later an administrative district of the Northwest Territories.
Douglas Robert Ford (born November 20, 1964) is a Canadian businessman and politician who is the 26th and current Premier of Ontario since June 29, 2018 following the 2018 Ontario general election and Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario since March 10, 2018.
Downtown Ottawa (Centre-Ville d'Ottawa) is the central area of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Eastern Canada (also the Eastern provinces) is generally considered to be the region of Canada east of Manitoba, consisting of the following provinces.
Eastern District was one of four districts of the Province of Quebec created in 1788 in the western reaches of the Montreal District and partitioned in 1791 to create the new colony of Upper Canada.
The Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests is a temperate broadleaf and mixed forest ecoregion of North America, mostly in eastern Canada.
Eastern Ontario (census population 1,603,625 in 2006) is a secondary region of Southern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario which lies in a wedge-shaped area between the Ottawa River and St. Lawrence River.
The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands.
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
Efficient energy use, sometimes simply called energy efficiency, is the goal to reduce the amount of energy required to provide products and services.
An electoral district in Canada, also known as a "constituency" or a "riding", is a geographical constituency upon which Canada's representative democracy is based.
Violet Elizabeth Dowdeswell (née Patton, born November 9, 1944) is the current Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, the 29th since Canadian Confederation.
Emo is a small rural township, located along the Rainy River in northwestern Ontario, Canada, directly north of the state of Minnesota.
Energy conservation is the effort made to reduce the consumption of energy by using less of an energy service.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
English Canadians or Anglo-Canadians (Canadiens anglais) refers to either Canadians of English ethnic origin and heritage, or to English-speaking, or Anglophone, Canadians of any ethnic origin; it is used primarily in contrast with French Canadians.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Environment and Climate Change Canada (or simply its former name, Environment Canada, or EC) (Environnement et Changement climatique Canada), legally incorporated as the Department of the Environment under the Department of the Environment Act (R.S., 1985, c. E-10), is the department of the Government of Canada with responsibility for coordinating environmental policies and programs as well as preserving and enhancing the natural environment and renewable resources.
See also Algoma Algoma (formerly Algoma Steel; Essar Steel Algoma) is an integrated primary steel producer located on the St. Marys River in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
The Indigenous peoples of Europe are the focus of European ethnology, the field of anthropology related to the various indigenous groups that reside in the nations of Europe.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
European Canadians (also known as White Canadians or Euro-Canadians) are Canadians with ancestry from Europe.
The Executive Council of Ontario (informally, and more commonly, the Cabinet of Ontario) plays an important role in the Government of Ontario, in accordance with the Westminster system.
The Family Compact is the term used by historians for a small closed group of men who exercised most of the political, economic and judicial power in Upper Canada (modern Ontario) from the 1810s to the 1840s.
The Fencibles (from the word defencible) were British regiments raised in the United Kingdom and in the colonies for defence against the threat of invasion during the Seven Years' War, the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812 in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
The financial crisis of 2007–2008, also known as the global financial crisis and the 2008 financial crisis, is considered by many economists to have been the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
Financial services are the economic services provided by the finance industry, which encompasses a broad range of businesses that manage money, including credit unions, banks, credit-card companies, insurance companies, accountancy companies, consumer-finance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds, individual managers and some government-sponsored enterprises.
In Canada, the First Nations (Premières Nations) are the predominant indigenous peoples in Canada south of the Arctic Circle.
A fiscal year (or financial year, or sometimes budget year) is the period used by governments for accounting and budget purposes, which vary between countries.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Ford Motor Company of Canada Ltd. (French: Ford du Canada Limitée) was founded on August 17, 1904 for the purpose of manufacturing and selling Ford automobiles in Canada and the British Empire.
Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human and environment benefits.
A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Franco-Ontarians (Franco-Ontariens or Franco-Ontariennes if female) are French Canadian or francophone residents of the Canadian province of Ontario.
French Canadians (also referred to as Franco-Canadians or Canadiens; Canadien(ne)s français(es)) are an ethnic group who trace their ancestry to French colonists who settled in Canada from the 17th century onward.
The French colonization of the Americas began in the 16th century, and continued on into the following centuries as France established a colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The French Language Services Act (Loi sur les services en français) is a law in the province of Ontario, Canada which is intended to protect the rights of Franco-Ontarians, or French-speaking people, in the province.
Fresh water (or freshwater) is any naturally occurring water except seawater and brackish water.
The Fujita scale (F-Scale), or Fujita–Pearson scale (FPP scale), is a scale for rating tornado intensity, based primarily on the damage tornadoes inflict on human-built structures and vegetation.
The fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.
Gatineau (locally), officially Ville de Gatineau, is a city in western Quebec, Canada.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
General Motors of Canada Company (French: la Compagnie General Motors du Canada), or simply GM Canada, is the Canadian subsidiary of General Motors.
Ginseng is the root of plants in the genus Panax, such as Korean ginseng (P. ginseng), South China ginseng (P. notoginseng), and American ginseng (P. quinquefolius), typically characterized by the presence of ginsenosides and gintonin.
GO Transit is a regional public transit system serving the Golden Horseshoe region of Ontario, Canada.
The Golden Horseshoe is a secondary region of Southern Ontario, Canada which lies at the western end of Lake Ontario, with outer boundaries stretching south from Lake Erie and north to Lake Scugog.
The Gore District was a historic district in Upper Canada which existed until 1849.
The Government of Canada (Gouvernement du Canada), formally Her Majesty's Government (Gouvernement de Sa Majesté), is the federal administration of Canada.
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
The Great Plains (sometimes simply "the Plains") is the broad expanse of flat land (a plain), much of it covered in prairie, steppe, and grassland, that lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie in the United States and east of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. and Canada.
Greater Sudbury, commonly referred to as Sudbury, is a city in Ontario, Canada.
The Green Party of Ontario (GPO; Parti vert de l'Ontario) is a political party in Ontario, Canada.
Grimsby is a town on Lake Ontario in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada.
The Hamilton Tiger-Cats are a professional Canadian football team based in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Hamilton is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Height of Land Portage is a portage along the historic Boundary Waters route between Canada and the United States.
Joseph-Napoléon-Henri Bourassa (September 1, 1868 – August 31, 1952) was a French Canadian political leader and publisher.
Henry Hudson (1565–1611) was an English sea explorer and navigator during the early 17th century, best known for his explorations of present-day Canada and parts of the northeastern United States.
The Hershey Centre is a multi-purpose sports and entertainment complex located in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.
High technology, often abbreviated to high tech (adjective forms high-technology, high-tech or hi-tech) is technology that is at the cutting edge: the most advanced technology available.
Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
The Holland Marsh is a wetland and agricultural area in Ontario, Canada, about north of Toronto.
The Home District was one of four districts of the Province of Quebec created in 1788 in the western reaches of the Montreal District and detached in 1791 to create the new colony of Upper Canada.
is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and power equipment.
George Howard Ferguson, PC (June 18, 1870 – February 21, 1946) was the ninth Premier of Ontario, Canada from 1923 to 1930.
Hudson Bay (Inuktitut: Kangiqsualuk ilua, baie d'Hudson) (sometimes called Hudson's Bay, usually historically) is a large body of saltwater in northeastern Canada with a surface area of.
Hudson Bay Lowlands are a vast wetland located between the Canadian Shield and southern shores of Hudson Bay and James Bay.
A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.
Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals, or pursuing or tracking them with the intent of doing so.
Hurricane Hazel was the deadliest and costliest hurricane of the 1954 Atlantic hurricane season.
A hybrid vehicle uses two or more distinct types of power, such as internal combustion engine to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, e.g. in diesel-electric trains using diesel engines to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, and submarines that use diesels when surfaced and batteries when submerged.
Hydro One Limited is an electricity transmission and distribution utility serving the Canadian province of Ontario.
Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.
Hydropower or water power (from ύδωρ, "water") is power derived from the energy of falling water or fast running water, which may be harnessed for useful purposes.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
Immigration law refers to the national statutes, regulations, and legal precedents governing immigration into and deportation from a country.
Immigration to Canada is the process by which people migrate to Canada to reside in that country.
Articles related to Ontario include.
Indigenous peoples in Canada, also known as Native Canadians or Aboriginal Canadians, are the indigenous peoples within the boundaries of present-day Canada.
Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy.
Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
Innisfil is a town in Ontario, Canada, located on the western shore of Lake Simcoe in Simcoe County, immediately south of Barrie and 80 kilometres north of Toronto.
The Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) is an affiliate scientific research institute of the University of Waterloo in located in Waterloo, Ontario with a multidisciplinary approach to the field of quantum information processing.
The Inuit (ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, "the people") are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.
Ion is an integrated mass transit network currently under construction in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted.
The Iroquoian languages are a language family of indigenous peoples of North America.
The Iroquois or Haudenosaunee (People of the Longhouse) are a historically powerful northeast Native American confederacy.
Ishpatina Ridge is the highest point of land in the Canadian province of Ontario, at an estimated above sea level.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
James Bay (Baie James, Wînipekw) is a large body of water on the southern end of Hudson Bay in Canada.
Sir James Pliny Whitney, KCMG (October 2, 1843 – September 25, 1914) was a Canadian politician in the province of Ontario.
Jazz Aviation LP, commonly shortened to Jazz, is a Canadian regional airline based at Halifax Stanfield International Airport in Enfield, Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Chorus Aviation.
Sir John Alexander Macdonald (11 January 1815 – 6 June 1891) was the first Prime Minister of Canada (1867–1873, 1878–1891).
John Graves Simcoe (25 February 1752 – 26 October 1806) was a British Army general and the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada from 1791 until 1796 in southern Ontario and the watersheds of Georgian Bay and Lake Superior.
John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, GCB, PC (12 April 1792 – 28 July 1840), also known as "Radical Jack" and commonly referred to in Canadian history texts simply as Lord Durham, was a British Whig statesman, colonial administrator, Governor General and high commissioner of British North America.
The Johnstown District was a historic district in Upper Canada which existed until 1849.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is the highest court of appeal for certain British territories and Commonwealth countries.
Kathleen O'Day Wynne (born May 21, 1953) is a Canadian politician who served as the 25th Premier of Ontario and Leader of the Ontario Liberal Party from 2013 to 2018.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kellogg's is a DBA for the Kellogg Company, an American multinational food-manufacturing company headquartered in Battle Creek, Michigan, United States.
Kenora, originally named Rat Portage (Portage-aux-Rats), is a small city situated on the Lake of the Woods in Northwestern Ontario, Canada, close to the Manitoba boundary, and about east of Winnipeg.
Kenora Airport is located east northeast of Kenora, Ontario, Canada.
Keshia Chanté (born June 16, 1988) is a Canadian singer, songwriter, television personality, actress and philanthropist.
Kim Craitor (born September 22, 1946) is a politician in Ontario, Canada.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
Kingston is a city in eastern Ontario, Canada.
Kirkland Lake is a town and municipality in Timiskaming District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada.
The Kitchener Memorial Auditorium Complex (also known as The Aud) is a multi-use municipally-owned facility in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada.
The City of Kitchener is a city in Southern Ontario, Canada.
KW Titans (formally known as Kitchener-Waterloo Titans Basketball Club) is a professional team based in Regional Municipality of Waterloo and competing in the central division of the National Basketball League of Canada.
Lacrosse is a team sport played with a lacrosse stick and a lacrosse ball.
Lake Erie is the fourth-largest lake (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes in North America, and the eleventh-largest globally if measured in terms of surface area.
Lake Huron is one of the five Great Lakes of North America.
Lake of the Woods (lac des Bois) is a lake occupying parts of the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba and the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Lake Ontario is one of the five Great Lakes of North America.
Lake Superior (Lac Supérieur; ᑭᑦᒉᐁ-ᑲᒣᐁ, Gitchi-Gami) is the largest of the Great Lakes of North America.
Lake-effect snow is produced during cooler atmospheric conditions when a cold air mass moves across long expanses of warmer lake water, warming the lower layer of air which picks up water vapor from the lake, rises up through the colder air above, freezes and is deposited on the leeward (downwind) shores.
Lakeshore is a town on Lake St. Clair, in Essex County, Ontario, Canada.
Allan A. Lamport Stadium, also known as the Den, is a multi-purpose stadium on King Street West in the Liberty Village neighbourhood of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, currently serving as the home field of the Toronto Wolfpack, Toronto FC II and the Canada national rugby league team.
LaSalle is a town in Essex County, Ontario, Canada.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Leamington is a municipality in Essex County, Ontario, Canada.
The Legislative Assembly of Ontario is one of two components of the Legislature of Ontario (also known as the Parliament of Ontario), the other being the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario.
In Canada, a lieutenant governor (French: lieutenant-gouverneur, or: lieutenant-gouverneure) is the viceregal representative in a provincial jurisdiction of the.
Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.
The Liquor Control Board of Ontario (LCBO) is a Crown corporation that retails and distributes alcoholic beverages throughout the province of Ontario, Canada.
As a country, Canada has ten provinces and three territories.
Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories.
This is a list of current and former provincially maintained highways in the Canadian province of Ontario.
This is a list of postal codes in Canada where the first letter is K. Postal codes beginning with K are located within the Canadian province of Ontario.
This is a list of postal codes in Canada where the first letter is L. Postal codes beginning with L are located within the Canadian province of Ontario.
This is a list of postal codes in Canada where the first letter is M. Postal codes beginning with M are located within the city of Toronto in the province of Ontario.
This is a list of postal codes in Canada where the first letter is N. Postal codes beginning with N are located within the Canadian province of Ontario.
This is a list of postal codes in Canada where the first letter is P. Postal codes beginning with P are located within the Canadian province of Ontario.
The table below lists the 100 largest census subdivisions (municipalities or municipal equivalents) in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2016 census for census subdivisions.
The following is a list of the busiest airports in Canada.
In finance, a loan is the lending of money by one or more individuals, organizations, and/or other entities to other individuals, organizations etc.
The London District was a historic district in Upper Canada.
The London Lightning is a Canadian professional basketball team based in London, Ontario, Canada.
London is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada along the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor.
Louis-Joseph Papineau (October 7, 1786 – September 23, 1871), born in Montreal, Quebec, was a politician, lawyer, and the landlord of the seigneurie de la Petite-Nation.
The Province of Lower Canada (province du Bas-Canada) was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (1791–1841).
The Lower Canada Rebellion (French: La rébellion du Bas-Canada), commonly referred to as the Patriots' War (French: La Guerre des patriotes) by Quebecers, is the name given to the armed conflict in 1837–38 between the rebels of Lower Canada (now Quebec) and the British colonial power of that province.
The Madawaska River is a river in the Saint Lawrence River drainage basin in Ontario, Canada.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
Major League Soccer (MLS) is a men's professional soccer league sanctioned by U.S. Soccer that represents the sport's highest level in both the United States and Canada.
Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
Markham (2016 population 328,966) is a city in the Regional Municipality of York within the Greater Toronto Area of Southern Ontario, Canada.
Massey Ferguson Limited is an American-owned major manufacturer of agricultural equipment, based in Brantford, Ontario, Canada until March 4, 1988.
The Mastercard Centre for Hockey Excellence or commonly the Mastercard Centre is a hockey facility located in the Etobicoke district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Mattice-Val Côté is an incorporated township in Cochrane District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada.
The Métis in Canada are a group of peoples in Canada who trace their descent to First Nations peoples and European settlers.
Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by the measles virus.
Medical evacuation, often shortened to medevac or medivac, is the timely and efficient movement and en route care provided by medical personnel to wounded being evacuated from a battlefield, to injured patients being evacuated from the scene of an accident to receiving medical facilities, or to patients at a rural hospital requiring urgent care at a better-equipped facility using medically equipped ground vehicles (ambulances) or aircraft (air ambulances).
A Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) is an elected member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada.
A Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), or a Member of the Legislature (ML), is a representative elected by the voters of a constituency to the legislature or legislative assembly of a sub-national jurisdiction.
The Meridian Centre is a 5,300 seat arena in downtown St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada, located at 1 IceDogs Way.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
The Mid-Atlantic, also called Middle Atlantic states or the Mid-Atlantic states, form a region of the United States generally located between New England and the South Atlantic States.
Middle Island is a small island, just in size.
Midland District was one of four districts of the Province of Quebec created in 1788 in the western reaches of the Montreal District and partitioned in 1791 to create the new colony of Upper Canada.
Midland is a town located on Georgian Bay in Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada.
The Midwestern Canadian Shield forests ecoregion, in the Taiga and Boreal forests Biome, are of northern Canada.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
Mihal "Mike" Lazaridis, OC, O.Ont, FRS (Μιχαήλ (Μιχάλης) Λαζαρίδης; born March 14, 1961) is a Greek-Canadian businessman, investor in quantum computing technologies, and founder of BlackBerry, which created and manufactures the BlackBerry wireless handheld device.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.
Minister of the Crown is a formal constitutional term used in Commonwealth realms to describe a minister to the reigning sovereign or their viceroy.
The Ministry of Education (EDU) is the Government of Ontario ministry responsible for government policy, funding, curriculum planning and direction in all levels of public education, including elementary and secondary schools.
The Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities (formerly Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development) is the ministry of the government of Ontario responsible for administration of laws relating to postsecondary education and skills training.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
The Missinaibi River is a river in northern Ontario, Canada, which flows northeast from Missinaibi Lake, north of Chapleau, and empties into the Moose River, which drains into James Bay.
Mississauga Also pronounced: Dictionary Reference:, The Free Dictionary: is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Mitzie Hunter (born) is a politician in Ontario, Canada.
The Mohawk people (who identify as Kanien'kehá:ka) are the most easterly tribe of the Haudenosaunee, or Iroquois Confederacy.
Margaret Leslie "Molly" Johnson, OC is a Canadian Juno Award-winning singer-songwriter of pop and jazz.
Montréal–Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (Aéroport international Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau de Montréal) or Montréal–Trudeau, formerly known as Montréal–Dorval International Airport (Aéroport international Montréal-Dorval), is an international airport serving Montreal, Quebec, Canada, located on the Island of Montreal, from Downtown Montreal.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Moody's Corporation, often referred to as Moody's, is an American business and financial services company.
Moosonee (/ˌmusə'niː/) is a town in northern Ontario, Canada, on the Moose River approximately south of James Bay.
A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on rails, such as trains or trams and used for the transportation of passengers, or passengers and property.
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada).
The National Basketball League of Canada (NBL Canada; Ligue nationale de basketball du Canada) is a Canadian professional men's basketball league.
The National Capital Region (Région de la capitale nationale), also referred to as Canada's Capital Region and Ottawa–Gatineau (formerly Ottawa–Hull), is an official federal designation for the Canadian capital of Ottawa, Ontario, the neighbouring city of Gatineau, Quebec, and surrounding urban and rural communities.
The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, currently comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada.
The National Lacrosse League (NLL) is a men's professional box lacrosse league in North America.
The National Policy was a Canadian economic program introduced by John Alexander Macdonald's Conservative Party in 1876 and put into action in 1879.
Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.
A body of water, such as a river, canal or lake, is navigable if it is deep, wide and slow enough for a vessel to pass or walk.
The NBA G League is the National Basketball Association's official minor league basketball organization.
New Brunswick (Nouveau-Brunswick; Canadian French pronunciation) is one of three Maritime provinces on the east coast of Canada.
New France (Nouvelle-France) was the area colonized by France in North America during a period beginning with the exploration of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and ending with the cession of New France to Great Britain and Spain in 1763.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The Newcastle District was a historic district in Upper Canada which existed until 1849.
Newmarket (2016 population 84,224) is a town and regional seat of the Regional Municipality of York in the Canadian province of Ontario.
The Niagara District was a historic district in Upper Canada.
The Niagara Escarpment is a long escarpment, or cuesta, in the United States and Canada that runs predominantly east/west from New York, through Ontario, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Illinois.
Niagara Falls is the collective name for three waterfalls that straddle the international border between the Canadian province of Ontario and the American state of New York.
Niagara Falls is a city in Ontario, Canada.
The Niagara Peninsula is the portion of Golden Horseshoe, Southern Ontario, Canada, lying between the southwestern shore of Lake Ontario and the northeastern shore of Lake Erie.
The Niagara River is a river that flows north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario.
The Niagara River Lions are a Canadian professional basketball team based in St. Catharines, Ontario, that competes in the Canadian Elite Basketball League.
Nipissing District is a district in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Norfolk County is a rural single-tier municipality on the north shore of Lake Erie in Southwestern Ontario, Canada with a 2016 population of 64,044.
Northeastern Ontario is a secondary region of Northern Ontario which lies north and east of Lakes Superior and Huron.
Northern Ontario is a primary geographic and administrative region of the Canadian province of Ontario; the other primary region being Southern Ontario.
The Ring of Fire is the name given to a massive planned chromite mining and smelting development project in the mineral-rich James Bay Lowlands of Northern Ontario.
The Northwest Territories (NT or NWT; French: les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, TNO; Athabaskan languages: Denendeh; Inuinnaqtun: Nunatsiaq; Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ) is a federal territory of Canada.
Northwestern Ontario is a secondary region of Northern Ontario which lies north and west of Lake Superior, and west of Hudson Bay and James Bay.
Nottawasaga Bay is a sub-bay within Georgian Bay in Southern Ontario, Canada located at the southernmost end of the main bay.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.
Nunavut (Inuktitut syllabics ᓄᓇᕗᑦ) is the newest, largest, and northernmost territory of Canada.
The O-Train is a light rail transit system in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada operated by OC Transpo.
Oakville is a suburban town in southern Ontario, located in Halton Region on Lake Ontario halfway between Toronto and Hamilton, and is part of the Greater Toronto Area, one of the most densely-populated areas of Canada.
OC Transpo is the urban transit service of the City of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
The Ojibwe, Ojibwa, or Chippewa are an Anishinaabeg group of Indigenous Peoples in North America, which is referred to by many of its Indigenous peoples as Turtle Island.
Sir Oliver Mowat, (July 22, 1820 – April 19, 1903) was a Canadian lawyer, politician, and Liberal Party leader.
The Ontario College Application Service (OCAS) is a non-profit corporation created by the Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology and Institutes of Technology and Advanced Learning in the province of Ontario, Canada.
The Ontario general election of 2018 was held on June 7, 2018, to elect the 124 members of the 42nd Parliament of Ontario.
King's Highway 400, commonly referred to as Highway 400, historically as the Toronto–Barrie Highway, and colloquially as the 400, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario linking the city of Toronto in the urban and agricultural south of the province with the scenic and sparsely populated central and northern regions.
King's Highway 401, commonly referred to as Highway 401 and also known by its official name as the Macdonald–Cartier Freeway or colloquially as the four-oh-one, is a controlled-access 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario.
King's Highway 402, commonly referred to as Highway 402 and historically as the Blue Water Bridge Approach, is a freeway in the Canadian province of Ontario that connects the Blue Water Bridge international crossing near Sarnia to Highway 401 in London.
King's Highway 417, commonly referred to as Highway 417 and the Queensway through Ottawa, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Ontario Hydro, established in 1906 as the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, was a publicly owned electricity utility in the Province of Ontario.
The Ontario Liberal Party (Parti libéral de l'Ontario) is a provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada.
The Ontario New Democratic Party (ONDP or NDP; Nouveau Parti démocratique de l'Ontario) is a social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada.
The Ontario Northland Railway is a Canadian railway operated by the Ontario Northland Transportation Commission, a provincial Crown agency of the government of Ontario.
Ontario Power Generation Inc. (OPG) is a Crown corporation wholly owned by the Government of Ontario.
The Soccer Centre, also known as the Ontario Soccer Centre, is a Canadian competition, training, education, and exposition soccer facility.
The Ontario Temperance Act was a law passed in 1916 that led to the Prohibition of alcohol in Ontario.
The Ontario Undergraduate Student Alliance (OUSA) is an alliance of students' unions in Ontario, Canada.
The Ontario Universities' Application Centre (OUAC) (Centre de demande d’admission aux universités de l’Ontario) is a non-profit organization based in Guelph that processes online applications for admission to universities in Ontario, Canada.
OpenText Corporation (also written opentext) is a Canadian company that develops and sells enterprise information management (EIM) software.
Orthodoxy (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία orthodoxía "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds, especially in religion.
Oshawa (2016 population 159,458; CMA 379,848) is a city in Ontario, Canada, on the Lake Ontario shoreline.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
The Ottawa Champions Baseball Club (Les Champions d'Ottawa) is a professional baseball team based in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
The Ottawa District was a historic district in Upper Canada which existed until 1849.
Ottawa Fury Football Club is a Canadian professional soccer club based in Ottawa, Ontario.
Ottawa/Macdonald–Cartier International Airport or Macdonald–Cartier International Airport (L'aéroport international Macdonald-Cartier in French), in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada is an international airport named after the Canadian statesmen and two of the "founding fathers of Canada", Sir John A. Macdonald and Sir George-Étienne Cartier.
The Ottawa Redblacks (officially stylized as REDBLACKS) (Le Rouge et Noir d'Ottawa) are a professional Canadian football team based in Ottawa, Ontario.
The Ottawa River (Rivière des Outaouais, Algonquin: Kitchissippi) is a river in the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
The Ottawa Senators (Sénateurs d'Ottawa) are a professional ice hockey team based in Ottawa, Ontario.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Ontario: Ontario – one of the provinces of Canada, located in east-central Canada.
Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
The Parti Québécois (French for Quebec Party; PQ) is a sovereignist provincial political party in Quebec in Canada.
Pelee Island, Ontario, Canada, is an island in the western half of Lake Erie.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI, Perimeter, PITP) is an independent research centre in foundational theoretical physics located in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
Petrochemicals (also known as petroleum distillates) are chemical products derived from petroleum.
Pickle Lake is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario, and is the most northerly community in the province that has year-round access by road.
The Pigeon River forms part of the Canada–United States border between the state of Minnesota and the province of Ontario, west of Lake Superior.
Pinus strobus, commonly denominated the eastern white pine, northern white pine, white pine, Weymouth pine (British), and soft pine accessed 12 August 2013 is a large pine native to eastern North America.
Plurality voting is an electoral system in which each voter is allowed to vote for only one candidate, and the candidate who polls the most among their counterparts (a plurality) is elected.
Point Pelee National Park (French: Parc national de la Pointe-Pelée) is a national park in Essex County in southwestern Ontario, Canada where it extends into Lake Erie.
In a motor vehicle, the term powertrain or powerplant describes the main components that generate power and deliver it to the road surface, water, or air.
The Premier of Ontario (Premier ministre de l'Ontario) is the first minister of the Crown for the Canadian province of Ontario and the province’s head of government.
The Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario (Parti progressiste-conservateur de l'Ontario), often shortened to Ontario PC Party or PC, is a centre-right conservative political party in Ontario, Canada.
The prohibition of alcohol in Canada arose in various stages, from local municipal bans in the late 19th century, to provincial bans in the early 20th century, and national prohibition (a temporary wartime measure) from 1918 to 1920.
Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The Province of Canada (or the United Province of Canada or the United Canadas) was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867.
The Province of Quebec was a colony in North America created by Great Britain after the Seven Years' War.
The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution.
The pulp and paper industry in Canada is one of the country's most important and profitable industries.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
The Quebec City–Windsor Corridor (French: Corridor Québec-Windsor) is the most densely populated and heavily industrialized region of Canada.
The Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW) is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario linking Toronto with the Niagara Peninsula and Buffalo, New York.
Queen's Park is an urban park in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Rail freight transport is the use of railroads and trains to transport cargo as opposed to human passengers.
The Rainy River (French: Rivière à la Pluie; Ojibwe: Gojiji-ziibi) is a river, approximately long, which forms part of the Canada–United States border separating northern Minnesota and Northwestern Ontario.
The Raptors 905 are a Canadian professional basketball team in the NBA G League.
Raymond Chabot Grant Thornton Park (formerly JetForm Park, Lynx Stadium, and Ottawa Baseball Stadium), also known as RCGT Park is a baseball stadium in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada with a seating capacity of 10,332.
The Regional Municipality of Waterloo is a regional municipality located in Southern Ontario, Canada.
Regulation 17 (Règlement 17) was a regulation of the Ontario Conservative government designed to shut down French-language schools at a time when Francophones from Quebec were moving into eastern Ontario.
A renewable resource is a natural resource which replenishes to overcome resource depletion caused by usage and consumption, either through biological reproduction or other naturally recurring processes in a finite amount of time in a human time scale.
Renfrew County is a county in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability, the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy.
Reza Moridi (رضا مریدی; born) is a politician in Ontario, Canada.
Ricoh Coliseum is an arena at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, used for agricultural displays, ice hockey and trade shows.
The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America.
Rogers Centre, originally named SkyDome, is a multi-purpose stadium in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated just southwest of the CN Tower near the northern shore of Lake Ontario.
The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763, by King George III following Great Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America after the end of the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War.
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.
Rupert's Land, or Prince Rupert's Land, was a territory in British North America comprising the Hudson Bay drainage basin, a territory in which a commercial monopoly was operated by the Hudson's Bay Company for 200 years from 1670 to 1870.
The Rust Belt is a region of the United States, made up mostly of places in the Midwest and Great Lakes, though the term may be used to include any location where industry declined starting around 1980.
The Saint Lawrence River (Fleuve Saint-Laurent; Tuscarora: Kahnawáʼkye; Mohawk: Kaniatarowanenneh, meaning "big waterway") is a large river in the middle latitudes of North America.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway (la Voie Maritime du Saint-Laurent) is a system of locks, canals, and channels in Canada and the United States that permits oceangoing vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes of North America, as far inland as the western end of Lake Superior.
Samuel de Champlain (born Samuel Champlain; on or before August 13, 1574Fichier OrigineFor a detailed analysis of his baptismal record, see RitchThe baptism act does not contain information about the age of Samuel, neither his birth date or his place of birth. – December 25, 1635), known as "The Father of New France", was a French navigator, cartographer, draftsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler.
Sarnia is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada, and had a 2016 population of 71,594.
Scotiabank Arena, formerly named Air Canada Centre, is a multi-purpose indoor sporting arena located on Bay Street in the South Core district of Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Self-governance, self-government, or autonomy, is an abstract concept that applies to several scales of organization.
The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763.
Severance may refer to.
A shortline railroad is a small or mid-sized railroad company that operates over a relatively short distance relative to larger, national railroad networks.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Silicon Valley (abbreviated as SV) is a region in the southern San Francisco Bay Area of Northern California, referring to the Santa Clara Valley, which serves as the global center for high technology, venture capital, innovation, and social media.
Simcoe County is located in the central portion of Southern Ontario, Canada.
Six Nations (or Six Nations of the Grand River, Réserve des Six Nations) is the largest First Nations reserve in Canada.
Skiing can be a means of transport, a recreational activity or a competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.
Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.
Snowbelt is a term describing a number of regions near the Great Lakes in North America where heavy snowfall in the form of lake-effect snow is particularly common.
A snowmobile, also known as a motor sled, motor sledge, or snowmachine, is a motorized vehicle designed for winter travel and recreation on snow.
South Asian Canadians are Canadians who were either born in or can trace their ancestry to South Asia, which includes nations such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and Nepal.
Southern Ontario is a primary region of the province of Ontario, Canada, the other primary region being Northern Ontario.
Southwestern Ontario is a secondary region of Southern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Springwater is a township in central Ontario, Canada, in Simcoe County near Barrie.
Statistics Canada (Statistique Canada), formed in 1971, is the Government of Canada government agency commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
Stelco Holdings Inc. (known as U.S. Steel Canada from 2007 to 2016) is a steel company based in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Strathroy-Caradoc is a municipality 35 kilometres west of London, Ontario, Canada.
The subarctic climate (also called subpolar climate, subalpine climate, or boreal climate) is a climate characterised by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers.
Sudbury Airport or Greater Sudbury Airport,, is an airport in the Canadian city of Greater Sudbury, Ontario and is located northeast of the downtown area, on Municipal Road 86 between the communities of Garson and Skead.
The Sudbury–White River train, formerly the Lake Superior, informally called the Budd Car, is a Canadian passenger train operated by Via Rail serving communities between Sudbury and White River, Ontario three times a week.
TD Place Stadium (originally Lansdowne Park and formerly Frank Clair Stadium) is an outdoor stadium in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
A television advertisement (also called a television commercial, commercial or ad in American English, and known in British English as a TV advert or simply an advert) is a span of television programming produced and paid for by an organization.
Temagami, formerly spelled as Timagami, is a municipality in northeastern Ontario, Canada, in Nipissing District with Lake Temagami at its heart.
The Annex is a neighbourhood in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Canadas is the collective name for Upper Canada and Lower Canada, two British historical colonies in present-day Canada.
Thunder Bay is a city in, and the seat of, Thunder Bay District, Ontario, Canada.
Thunder Bay International Airport,, is an airport in the city of Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.
A thunderstorm, also known as an electrical storm, lightning storm, or thundershower, is a storm characterized by the presence of lightning and its acoustic effect on the Earth's atmosphere, known as thunder.
Tim Hortons Field is a multi-purpose stadium in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Timmins is a city in northeastern Ontario, Canada, on the Mattagami River.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
Tomi Swick is a Canadian singer-songwriter from Hamilton, Ontario formerly signed to Warner Music Canada, now signed to Slaight Music.
A tornado is a rapidly rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
The Toronto Argonauts (officially the Toronto Argonaut Football Club, commonly referred to as the "Argos") are a professional Canadian football team competing in the East Division of the Canadian Football League (CFL).
The Toronto Blue Jays are a Canadian professional baseball team based in Toronto, Ontario.
Toronto Football Club, commonly referred to as Toronto FC, is a Canadian professional soccer club based in Toronto, Ontario.
Toronto FC II is a Canadian professional soccer team based in Toronto, Ontario, who play in the United Soccer League, the second tier of the American & Canadian soccer league system.
The Toronto Furies are a professional women's ice hockey team that plays in Toronto, Ontario.
The Toronto Maple Leafs (officially the Toronto Maple Leaf Hockey Club) are a professional ice hockey team based in Toronto, Ontario.
The Toronto Marlies are a Canadian professional ice hockey team playing in the American Hockey League (AHL).
Toronto Pearson International Airport (often referred to as Toronto Pearson, Pearson Airport, or simply Pearson) is the primary international airport serving Toronto, its metropolitan area, and surrounding region known as the Golden Horseshoe in the province of Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto Raptors are a Canadian professional basketball team based in Toronto, Ontario.
The Toronto Rock is a professional box lacrosse franchise based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto streetcar system is a network of eleven streetcar routes in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC).
The Toronto subway is a rapid transit system serving Toronto, Ontario, Canada, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC).
The Toronto Sun is an English-language daily newspaper published in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) is a public transport agency that operates bus, subway, streetcar, and paratransit services in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Toronto Wolfpack RLFC is a Canadian professional rugby league club, based in Toronto, which competes in the British Rugby Football League system.
, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
The is a compact crossover SUV (sport utility vehicle) produced by the Japanese automobile manufacturer Toyota.
A trading post, trading station, or trading house was a place or establishment where the trading of goods took place; the term is generally used, in modern parlance, in reference to such establishments in historic Northern America, although the practice long predates that continent's colonization by Europeans.
The Trans-Canada Highway (French: Route Transcanadienne) is a transcontinental federal-provincial highway system that travels through all ten provinces of Canada from the Pacific Ocean on the west to the Atlantic on the east.
The Treaty of Paris, also known as the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Great Britain's victory over France and Spain during the Seven Years' War.
Trillium grandiflorum (common names white trillium, large-flowered trillium, great white trillium, white wake-robin, French trille blanc) is a species of flowering plant in the family Melanthiaceae.
The Trillium Line (Ligne Trillium) is a diesel light-rail transit (DLRT) service in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada operated by OC Transpo.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
United States Steel Corporation, more commonly known as U.S. Steel, is an American integrated steel producer headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, with production operations in the United States, Canada, and Central Europe.
United Empire Loyalists (or Loyalists) is an honorific given in 1799 by Lord Dorchester, the governor of Quebec and Governor-general of British North America, to American Loyalists who resettled in British North America during or after the American Revolution.
The United Soccer League (USL), formerly known as USL Pro, is a professional men's soccer league in the United States and Canada that began its inaugural season in 2011.
The University of Ottawa (uOttawa or U of O) (Université d'Ottawa) is a bilingual public research university in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
The Province of Upper Canada (province du Haut-Canada) was a part of British Canada established in 1791 by the Kingdom of Great Britain, to govern the central third of the lands in British North America and to accommodate Loyalist refugees of the United States after the American Revolution.
The Upper Canada Rebellion was an insurrection against the oligarchic government of the British colony of Upper Canada (present-day Ontario) in December 1837.
Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities, in a process called suburbanization.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
Vaughan (2016 population 306,233) is a city in Ontario, Canada.
The Canadian province of Ontario first required its residents to register their motor vehicles in 1903.
Via Rail Canada (generally shortened to Via Rail or Via; styled corporately as VIA Rail Canada) is an independent Crown corporation, subsidized by Transport Canada, mandated to offer intercity passenger rail services in Canada.
A visible minority is defined by the Canadian government as "persons, other than aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour".
The Wahnapitae is an Ojibway First Nation band government in the Canadian province of Ontario, who primarily reside on the Wahnapitae Indian Reserve No.
The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815.
Warren Edward Buffett (born August 30, 1930) is an American business magnate, investor, and philanthropist who serves as the chairman and CEO of Berkshire Hathaway.
Water transportation is the intentional movement of water over large distances.
Waterloo is a city in Southern Ontario, Canada.
Welland (2016 population 52,293) is a city in the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Southern Ontario, Canada.
The Wellington District was a historic district in Upper Canada which existed until 1849.
Western District was one of four districts of the Province of Quebec created in 1788 in the western reaches of the Montreal District which were later detached in 1791 to create the new colony of Upper Canada.
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom.
The WFCU Centre is an arena and entertainment centre in Windsor, Ontario, Canada.
Whitby is a town in Durham Region.
Sir William Howard Hearst, (February 15, 1864 – September 29, 1941) was the seventh Premier of the Canadian province of Ontario from 1914 to 1919.
William Lyon Mackenzie (March 12, 1795 – August 28, 1861) was a Scottish-Canadian-American journalist and politician.
Windsor Casting Plant was an iron foundry owned by Ford Motor Company in Windsor, Ontario, Canada.
The Windsor Express is a Canadian professional basketball team based in Windsor, Ontario, Canada.
Windsor International Airport,, is located in the southeast portion of the city of Windsor, Ontario, Canada.
Windsor is a city in Ontario and the southernmost city in Canada.
Woodstock is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wyandot (sometimes spelled Waⁿdat) is the Iroquoian language traditionally spoken by the people known variously as Wyandot or Wyandotte, descended from the Wendat (Huron).
The Wyandot people or Wendat, also called the Huron Nation and Huron people, in most historic references are believed to have been the most populous confederacy of Iroquoian cultured indigenous peoples of North America.
Yardmen Arena is a 4,400-seat multi-purpose arena in Belleville, Ontario, Canada.
York was a town and second capital of the district of Upper Canada.
The 400-series highways are a network of controlled-access highways throughout the southern portion of the Canadian province of Ontario, forming a special subset of the provincial highway system.
The 42nd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 42 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 51st parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 51 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The meridian 90° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Gulf of Mexico, Central America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
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