59 relations: Acetic acid, Anhydrous, Aspartame, Boron, Bromine, Carbene, Carboxylic acid, Carcinogen, Carnosine, Cellobiose, Chlorine, Condensation reaction, Covalent bond, Cyclopentadiene, Degree of polymerization, Diborane, Dicyclopentadiene, Diels–Alder reaction, Dilithium, Dioxetane, Dipeptide, Dirubidium, Disaccharide, Dissociation (chemistry), Excimer, Excited state, Fluorine, Formaldehyde, Glucose, Glycine, Glycylglycine, Halogen, Helium dimer, Hydrogen, Hydrogen bond, Intermolecular force, Iodine, Lewis acids and bases, Mechanistic organic photochemistry, Mercury (element), Molecule, Monomer, Mutation, Nitrogen, Noble gas, Nucleobase, Oligomer, Oxygen, Peptide bond, Persistent carbene, ..., Polymer, Protein dimer, Pyrimidine dimer, Skin cancer, Tetraaminoethylene, Trimer (chemistry), Van der Waals force, Water, Water dimer. Expand index (9 more) » « Shrink index
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
A substance is anhydrous if it contains no water.
Aspartame (APM) is an artificial non-saccharide sweetener used as a sugar substitute in some foods and beverages.
Boron is a chemical element with symbol B and atomic number 5.
Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.
In chemistry, a carbene is a molecule containing a neutral carbon atom with a valence of two and two unshared valence electrons.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
Carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine), featuring the characteristic Imidazole-ring, is a dipeptide molecule, made up of the amino acids beta-alanine and histidine.
Cellobiose is a disaccharide with the formula C12H22O11.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
A condensation reaction is a class of an organic addition reaction that proceeds in a step-wise fashion to produce the addition product, usually in equilibrium, and a water molecule (hence named condensation).
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
Cyclopentadiene is an organic compound with the formula C5H6.
The degree of polymerization, or DP, is the number of monomeric units in a macromolecule or polymer or oligomer molecule.
Diborane is the chemical compound consisting of boron and hydrogen with the formula B2H6.
Dicyclopentadiene, abbreviated DCPD, is a chemical compound with formula C10H12.
The Diels–Alder reaction is an organic chemical reaction (specifically, a cycloaddition) between a conjugated diene and a substituted alkene, commonly termed the dienophile, to form a substituted cyclohexene derivative.
Dilithium, Li2, is a strongly electrophilic, diatomic molecule comprising two lithium atoms covalently bonded together.
A dioxetane or dioxacyclobutane is an organic compound with formula C2O2H4, whose backbone is a four-membered ring of two oxygen atoms and two carbon atoms.
A dipeptide is a sometimes ambiguous designation of two classes of organic compounds: Its molecules contain either two amino acids joined by a single peptide bond or one amino acid with two peptide bonds.
Dirubidium is a molecular substance containing two atoms of rubidium found in rubidium vapour.
A disaccharide (also called a double sugar or bivose) is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides (simple sugars) are joined by glycosidic linkage.
Dissociation in chemistry and biochemistry is a general process in which molecules (or ionic compounds such as salts, or complexes) separate or split into smaller particles such as atoms, ions or radicals, usually in a reversible manner.
An excimer (originally short for excited dimer) is a short-lived dimeric or heterodimeric molecule formed from two species, at least one of which has completely filled valence shell by electrons (for example, noble gases).
In quantum mechanics, an excited state of a system (such as an atom, molecule or nucleus) is any quantum state of the system that has a higher energy than the ground state (that is, more energy than the absolute minimum).
Fluorine is a chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Glycine (symbol Gly or G) is the amino acid that has a single hydrogen atom as its side chain.
Glycylglycine is the dipeptide of glycine, making it the simplest peptide.
The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).
The helium dimer is a van der Waals molecule with formula He2 consisting of two helium atoms.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.
Intermolecular forces (IMF) are the forces which mediate interaction between molecules, including forces of attraction or repulsion which act between molecules and other types of neighboring particles, e.g., atoms or ions.
Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.
A Lewis acid is a chemical species that contains an empty orbital which is capable of accepting an electron pair from a Lewis base to form a Lewis adduct.
Mechanistic organic photochemistry is that aspect of organic photochemistry which seeks to explain the mechanisms of organic photochemical reactions.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
A monomer (mono-, "one" + -mer, "part") is a molecule that "can undergo polymerization thereby contributing constitutional units to the essential structure of a macromolecule".
In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
The noble gases (historically also the inert gases) make up a group of chemical elements with similar properties; under standard conditions, they are all odorless, colorless, monatomic gases with very low chemical reactivity.
Nucleobases, also known as nitrogenous bases or often simply bases, are nitrogen-containing biological compounds that form nucleosides, which in turn are components of nucleotides, with all of these monomers constituting the basic building blocks of nucleic acids.
An oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex of chemicals that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, infinite.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
A peptide bond is a covalent chemical bond linking two consecutive amino acid monomers along a peptide or protein chain.
A persistent carbene (also known as stable carbene) is a type of carbene demonstrating particular stability.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
In biochemistry, a protein dimer is a macromolecular complex formed by two protein monomers, or single proteins, which are usually non-covalently bound.
Pyrimidine dimers are molecular lesions formed from thymine or cytosine bases in DNA via photochemical reactions.
Skin cancers are cancers that arise from the skin.
Tetraaminoethylene is a hypothetical organic compound with formula C2N4H8 or (H2N-)2C.
In chemistry, a trimer is a molecule or an anion formed by combination or association of three molecules or ions of the same substance.
In molecular physics, the van der Waals forces, named after Dutch scientist Johannes Diderik van der Waals, are distance-dependent interactions between atoms or molecules.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
The water dimer consists of two water molecules loosely bound by a hydrogen bond.