60 relations: Allophone, Alphabet, ASCII, Ƒ, Ʊ, Claudian letters, Diacritic, Digamma, Digraph (orthography), Dot (diacritic), Dynamics (music), EBCDIC, Egyptian hieroglyphs, English alphabet, English orthography, Fahrenheit, First Grammatical Treatise, French franc, French orthography, Function (mathematics), Gemination, Greek alphabet, Hepburn romanization, Icelandic language, Insular script, Integral symbol, International Phonetic Alphabet, ISO basic Latin alphabet, Japanese language, Japanese phonology, Kazakh Short U, Latin, Latin script, Letter (alphabet), Letter case, Long s, Old Italic script, Palatal hook, Phi, Phoenician alphabet, S, Semitic languages, Short U (Cyrillic), Slavic languages, Spanish orthography, Teuthonista, U, U (Cyrillic), Ugaritic alphabet, Unicode subscripts and superscripts, ..., Upsilon, V, Voiced labiodental fricative, Voiceless bilabial stop, Voiceless labiodental fricative, W, Waw (letter), Welsh orthography, Woman, Y. Expand index (10 more) » « Shrink index
In phonology, an allophone (from the ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds, or phones, or signs used to pronounce a single phoneme in a particular language.
An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that is used to write one or more languages based upon the general principle that the letters represent phonemes (basic significant sounds) of the spoken language.
ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The letter F with hook (majuscule Ƒ, minuscule: ƒ) is a letter of the Latin script, based on the italic form of f; or on its regular form with a descender hook added.
The letter Ʊ (minuscule: ʊ), called Latin upsilon, is a letter of the Latin alphabet.
The Claudian letters were developed by, and named after, the Roman Emperor Claudius (reigned 41–54).
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
Digamma, waw, or wau (uppercase: Ϝ, lowercase: ϝ, numeral: ϛ) is an archaic letter of the Greek alphabet.
A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography of a language to write either a single phoneme (distinct sound), or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.
When used as a diacritic mark, the term dot is usually reserved for the Interpunct (·), or to the glyphs 'combining dot above' (◌̇) and 'combining dot below' (◌̣) which may be combined with some letters of the extended Latin alphabets in use in Central European languages and Vietnamese.
In music, the dynamics of a piece is the variation in loudness between notes or phrases.
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) is an eight-bit character encoding used mainly on IBM mainframe and IBM midrange computer operating systems.
Egyptian hieroglyphs were the formal writing system used in Ancient Egypt.
The modern English alphabet is a Latin alphabet consisting of 26 letters, each having an uppercase and a lowercase form: The same letters constitute the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
English orthography is the system of writing conventions used to represent spoken English in written form that allows readers to connect spelling to sound to meaning.
The Fahrenheit scale is a temperature scale based on one proposed in 1724 by Dutch-German-Polish physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736).
The First Grammatical Treatise (Fyrsta málfræðiritgerðin digital reproduction at Old Norse etexts.) is a 12th-century work on the phonology of the Old Norse or Old Icelandic language.
The franc (sign: F or Fr), also commonly distinguished as the (FF), was a currency of France.
French orthography encompasses the spelling and punctuation of the French language.
In mathematics, a function was originally the idealization of how a varying quantity depends on another quantity.
Gemination, or consonant elongation, is the pronouncing in phonetics of a spoken consonant for an audibly longer period of time than that of a short consonant.
The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BC.
is a system for the romanization of Japanese, that uses the Latin alphabet to write the Japanese language.
Icelandic (íslenska) is a North Germanic language, and the language of Iceland.
Insular script was a medieval script system invented in Ireland that spread to Anglo-Saxon England and continental Europe under the influence of Irish Christianity.
The integral symbol: is used to denote integrals and antiderivatives in mathematics.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
The ISO basic Latin alphabet is a Latin-script alphabet and consists of two sets of 26 letters, codified in various national and international standards and used widely in international communication.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
The phonology of Japanese has about 15 consonant phonemes, the cross-linguistically typical five-vowel system of, and a relatively simple phonotactic distribution of phonemes allowing few consonant clusters.
Kazakh Short U (Ұ ұ; italics: Ұ ұ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
A letter is a grapheme (written character) in an alphabetic system of writing.
Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also uppercase, capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule) and smaller lower case (also lowercase, small letters, or more formally minuscule) in the written representation of certain languages.
The long, medial, or descending s (ſ) is an archaic form of the lower case letter s. It replaced a single s, or the first in a double s, at the beginning or in the middle of a word (e.g. "ſinfulneſs" for "sinfulness" and "ſucceſsful" for "successful").
Old Italic is one of several now extinct alphabet systems used on the Italian Peninsula in ancient times for various Indo-European languages (predominantly Italic) and non-Indo-European (e.g. Etruscan) languages.
The palatal hook is a type of hook diacritic formerly used in the International Phonetic Alphabet to represent palatalized consonants.
Phi (uppercase Φ, lowercase φ or ϕ; ϕεῖ pheî; φι fi) is the 21st letter of the Greek alphabet.
The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet.
S (named ess, plural esses) is the 19th letter in the Modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East.
Short U (Ў ў; italics: Ў ў) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.
Spanish orthography is the orthography used in the Spanish language.
Teuthonista is a phonetic transcription system used predominantly for the transcription of (High) German dialects.
U (named u, plural ues) is the 21st letter and the fifth vowel in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
U (У у; italics: У у) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
The Ugaritic script is a cuneiform abjad used from around either the fifteenth century BCE or 1300 BCE for Ugaritic, an extinct Northwest Semitic language, and discovered in Ugarit (modern Ras Shamra), Syria, in 1928.
Unicode has subscripted and superscripted versions of a number of characters including a full set of Arabic numerals.
Upsilon (or; uppercase Υ, lowercase υ; ύψιλον ýpsilon) or ypsilon is the 20th letter of the Greek alphabet.
V (named vee) is the 22nd letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The voiced labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless bilabial stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
The voiceless labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in a number of spoken languages.
W (named double-u,Pronounced plural double-ues) is the 23rd letter of the modern English and ISO basic Latin alphabets.
Waw/Vav ("hook") is the sixth letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician wāw, Aramaic waw, Hebrew vav, Syriac waw ܘ and Arabic wāw و (sixth in abjadi order; 27th in modern Arabic order).
Welsh orthography uses 29 letters (including eight digraphs) of the Latin script to write native Welsh words as well as established loanwords.
A woman is an adult female human being.
Y (named wye, plural wyes) is the 25th and penultimate letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.