88 relations: Adrenoleukodystrophy, Alcohol, Algae, Amphiphile, Animal echolocation, Animal fat, Arachidyl alcohol, Beeswax, Bile, Bioaccumulation, Bolus (medicine), Bouveault–Blanc reduction, Cetyl alcohol, Cholesterol, Coconut oil, Cosmetics, Docosanol, Dodecanol, Emulsion, Ester, Esterase, Ethchlorvynol, Ethylene, Fatty acid, Fatty alcohol, Fatty aldehyde, Fibroblast, Fish, Food industry, Fugacity, Gastrointestinal tract, High-density lipoprotein, Hydroformylation, Hydrogenation, Hydrolysis, Hydroxy group, Invertebrate, Karl Ziegler, Low-density lipoprotein, Median lethal dose, Moisturizer, Mustard oil, N-Butanol, No-observed-adverse-effect level, OECD, Olefin metathesis, Oleyl alcohol, Oligomer, Palm kernel oil, Pancreas, ..., Peroxisome, Polymerization, Polyprenol, Prenol, Primary alcohol, Rapeseed, Raw material, Shell higher olefin process, Sjögren–Larsson syndrome, Sodium, Solvent, Stearyl alcohol, Surfactant, Tallow, Tert-Amyl alcohol, Tert-Butyl alcohol, Thickening agent, Transesterification, Triacontanol, Triethylaluminium, Triglyceride, Undecanol, Vegetable oil, Wax, Whale oil, Ziegler process, 1-Decanol, 1-Dotriacontanol, 1-Heptacosanol, 1-Hexacosanol, 1-Nonacosanol, 1-Nonanol, 1-Octacosanol, 1-Octanol, 1-Tetracosanol, 1-Tetradecanol, 1-Tridecanol, 3-Methyl-3-pentanol. Expand index (38 more) »
Adrenoleukodystrophy is a disease linked to the X chromosome.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Algae (singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are not necessarily closely related, and is thus polyphyletic.
An amphiphile (from the Greek αμφις, amphis: both and φιλíα, philia: love, friendship) is a chemical compound possessing both hydrophilic (water-loving, polar) and lipophilic (fat-loving) properties.
Echolocation, also called bio sonar, is the biological sonar used by several kinds of animals.
Animal fats and oils are lipid materials derived from animals.
Beeswax (cera alba) is a natural wax produced by honey bees of the genus Apis.
Bile or gall is a dark green to yellowish brown fluid, produced by the liver of most vertebrates, that aids the digestion of lipids in the small intestine.
Bioaccumulation is the accumulation of substances, such as pesticides, or other chemicals in an organism.
In medicine, a bolus (from Latin bolus, ball) is the administration of a discrete amount of medication, drug, or other compound within a specific time, generally within 1 - 30 minutes, in order to raise its concentration in blood to an effective level.
The Bouveault–Blanc reduction is a chemical reaction in which an ester is reduced to primary alcohols using absolute ethanol and sodium metal.
Cetyl alcohol, also known as hexadecan-1-ol and palmityl alcohol, is a fatty alcohol with the formula CH3(CH2)15OH.
Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.
Coconut oil, or copra oil, is an edible oil extracted from the kernel or meat of mature coconuts harvested from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera).
Cosmetics are substances or products used to enhance or alter the appearance of the face or fragrance and texture of the body.
Docosanol, also known as behenyl alcohol, is a saturated fatty alcohol used traditionally as an emollient, emulsifier, and thickener in cosmetics, and nutritional supplement (as an individual entity and also as a constituent of policosanol).
Dodecanol, or lauryl alcohol, is an organic compound produced industrially from palm kernel oil or coconut oil.
An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
An esterase is a hydrolase enzyme that splits esters into an acid and an alcohol in a chemical reaction with water called hydrolysis.
Ethchlorvynol is a GABA-ergic sedative and hypnotic/soporific medication developed by Pfizer in the 1950s.
Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
Fatty alcohols (or long-chain alcohols) are usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4–6 carbons to as many as 22–26, derived from natural fats and oils.
Fatty aldehydes are aliphatic, long-chain aldehydes which may be mono- or polyunsaturated.
A fibroblast is a type of biological cell that synthesizes the extracellular matrix and collagen, the structural framework (stroma) for animal tissues, and plays a critical role in wound healing.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
The food industry is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that supplies most of the food consumed by the world population.
In chemical thermodynamics, the fugacity of a real gas is an effective partial pressure which replaces the mechanical partial pressure in an accurate computation of the chemical equilibrium constant.
The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.
High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are one of the five major groups of lipoproteins.
Hydroformylation, also known as oxo synthesis or oxo process, is an industrial process for the production of aldehydes from alkenes.
Hydrogenation – to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or platinum.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.
Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.
Karl Waldemar Ziegler (November 26, 1898 – August 12, 1973) was a German chemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1963, with Giulio Natta, for work on polymers.
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is one of the five major groups of lipoprotein which transport all fat molecules around the body in the extracellular water.
In toxicology, the median lethal dose, LD50 (abbreviation for "lethal dose, 50%"), LC50 (lethal concentration, 50%) or LCt50 is a measure of the lethal dose of a toxin, radiation, or pathogen.
Moisturizers or emollients are complex mixtures of chemical agents (often occlusives help hold water in the skin after application, humectants attract moisture and emollients help smooth the skin.) specially designed to make the external layers of the skin (epidermis) softer and more pliable.
The term mustard oil is used for two different oils that are made from mustard seeds.
n-Butanol or n-butyl alcohol or normal butanol is a primary alcohol with a 4-carbon structure and the chemical formula C4H9OH.
In non-clinical assessment, NOAEL (no-observed-adverse-effect level) plays a pivotal role.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
Olefin metathesis is an organic reaction that entails the redistribution of fragments of alkenes (olefins) by the scission and regeneration of carbon-carbon double bonds.
Oleyl alcohol, octadecenol, or cis-9-octadecen-1-ol, is an unsaturated fatty alcohol with the molecular formula 1836 or the condensed structural formula CH3(CH2)7-CH.
An oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex of chemicals that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, infinite.
Palm kernel oil is an edible plant oil derived from the kernel of the oil palm Elaeis guineensis.
The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.
A peroxisome is a type of organelle known as a microbody, found in virtually all eukaryotic cells.
In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks.
Polyprenols are natural long-chain isoprenoid alcohols of the general formula H-(C5H8)n-OH where n is the number of isoprene units.
Prenol, or 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol, is a natural alcohol.
A primary alcohol is an alcohol which has the hydroxyl group connected to a primary carbon atom.
Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, (and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola), is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seed.
A raw material, also known as a feedstock or most correctly unprocessed material, is a basic material that is used to produce goods, finished products, energy, or intermediate materials which are feedstock for future finished products.
The Shell higher olefin process is a chemical process for the production of linear alpha olefins via ethylene oligomerization and olefin metathesis invented and exploited by Royal Dutch Shell.
Sjögren–Larsson syndrome (SLS) is an autosomal recessive form of ichthyosis apparent at birth.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Stearyl alcohol (also known as octadecyl alcohol or 1-octadecanol) is an organic compound classified as a fatty alcohol with the formula CH3(CH2)16CH2OH.
Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid.
Tallow is a rendered form of beef or mutton fat, and is primarily made up of triglycerides.
tert-Amyl alcohol (TAA), systematic name: 2-methylbutan-2-ol (2M2B), is a branched pentanol.
tert-Butyl alcohol (TBA), also called tert-butanol or t-butanol, is the simplest tertiary alcohol, with a formula of (CH3)3COH (sometimes represented as t-BuOH).
A thickening agent or thickener is a substance which can increase the viscosity of a liquid without substantially changing its other properties.
In organic chemistry, transesterfication is the process of exchanging the organic group R″ of an ester with the organic group R′ of an alcohol.
1-Triacontanol is a fatty alcohol of the general formula C30H62O, also known as melissyl alcohol or myricyl alcohol.
Triethylaluminium is an organoaluminium compound.
A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids (from tri- and glyceride).
Undecanol, also known by its IUPAC name 1-undecanol or undecan-1-ol, and by its trivial names undecyl alcohol and hendecanol, is a fatty alcohol.
Vegetable oils, or vegetable fats, are fats extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits.
Waxes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are lipophilic, malleable solids near ambient temperatures.
Whale oil is oil obtained from the blubber of whales.
In organic chemistry, the Ziegler process (also called the Ziegler-Alfol synthesis) is a method for producing fatty alcohols from ethylene using a organoaluminium catalyst.
1-Decanol is a straight chain fatty alcohol with ten carbon atoms and the molecular formula C10H21OH.
1-Dotriacontanol is a fatty alcohol.
1-Heptacosanol is a fatty alcohol.
1-Hexacosanol is a saturated primary fatty alcohol with a carbon chain length of 26 that is a white waxy solid at room temperature.
1-Nonacosanol is a fatty alcohol.
1-Nonanol is a straight chain fatty alcohol with nine carbon atoms and the molecular formula CH3(CH2)8OH.
1-Octacosanol (also known as n-octacosanol, octacosyl alcohol, cluytyl alcohol, montanyl alcohol) is a straight-chain aliphatic 28-carbon primary fatty alcohol that is common in the epicuticular waxes of plants, including the leaves of many species of Eucalyptus, of most forage and cereal grasses, of Acacia, Trifolium, Pisum and many other legume genera among many others, sometimes as the major wax constituent.
1-Octanol also known as octan-1-ol is the organic compound with the molecular formula CH3(CH2)7OH.
1-Tetracosanol (lignoceryl alcohol) is a fatty alcohol, usually derived from the fatty acid lignoceric acid.
1-Tetradecanol, or commonly myristyl alcohol (from Myristica fragrans – the nutmeg plant), is a straight-chain saturated fatty alcohol, with the molecular formula C14H30O.
1-Tridecanol is a chemical compound from the group of alcohols (specifically, the fatty alcohols). It is in the form of a colorless, flammable solid.
3-Methyl-3-pentanol (IUPAC name: 3-methylpentan-3-ol) is an organic chemical compound and a tertiary hexanol.