Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Moraxella catarrhalis

Index Moraxella catarrhalis

Moraxella catarrhalis is a fastidious, nonmotile, Gram-negative, aerobic, oxidase-positive diplococcus that can cause infections of the respiratory system, middle ear, eye, central nervous system, and joints of humans. [1]

110 relations: Active immunization, Aerobic organism, Amoxicillin, Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, Ampicillin, Antibody, Antigen, Antimicrobial resistance, Bacilli, Bacteremia, Bacteria, Bacterial capsule, Bacterial pneumonia, Bactericide, Beta-lactamase, Branhamella, Bronchitis, Catarrh, Cell (biology), Central nervous system, Cephalosporin, Chocolate agar, Chronic condition, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Clindamycin, Colony (biology), Complement system, Cross-reactivity, Deoxyribonuclease, Diplococcus, DNA Data Bank of Japan, Endocarditis, Epithelium, Epitope, Erythromycin, European Nucleotide Archive, Exacerbation, Gammaproteobacteria, GenBank, Genome, Gram-negative bacteria, Greek language, Hemolysis, Host (biology), Human eye, Immune system, Immunization, Immunogenicity, Immunoglobulin domain, Incubator (culture), ..., Infection, Joint, Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Kern Medical Center, Laboratory mouse, Laryngitis, Lipopolysaccharide, List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, Lung, Macromolecule, Medical error, Microbiological culture, Microbiology, Middle ear, Molecular mass, Monoclonal antibody, Moraxella, Moraxellaceae, Morphology (biology), Mortality rate, Neisseria, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Nitrate, Nucleic acid hybridization, Otitis media, Oxidase test, Passive immunity, Penicillin, Peptide, Pneumonia, Porin (protein), Protein, Proteobacteria, Pseudomonadales, Pulmonary aspiration, Pulmonary contusion, Quinolone antibiotic, Respiratory system, Respiratory tract, Ribosomal RNA, Sepsis, Septic arthritis, Sinusitis, Sphere, Strain (biology), Sulfadimidine, Tetracycline, Trimeric autotransporter adhesin, Trimethoprim, Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, Unified atomic mass unit, University of California, Los Angeles, Urethritis, Vaccination, Vaccine, Victor Morax, Virulence factor, Virulence-related outer membrane protein family, Watchful waiting, 16S ribosomal RNA. Expand index (60 more) »

Active immunization

Active immunization is the induction of immunity after exposure to an antigen.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Active immunization · See more »

Aerobic organism

An aerobic organism or aerobe is an organism that can survive and grow in an oxygenated environment.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Aerobic organism · See more »


Amoxicillin, also spelled amoxycillin, is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Amoxicillin · See more »

Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid

Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, also known as co-amoxiclav, is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid · See more »


Ampicillin is an antibiotic used to prevent and treat a number of bacterial infections, such as respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, meningitis, salmonellosis, and endocarditis.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Ampicillin · See more »


An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Antibody · See more »


In immunology, an antigen is a molecule capable of inducing an immune response (to produce an antibody) in the host organism.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Antigen · See more »

Antimicrobial resistance

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR or AR) is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Antimicrobial resistance · See more »


Bacilli refers to a taxonomic class of bacteria.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Bacilli · See more »


Bacteremia (also bacteraemia) is the presence of bacteria in the blood.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Bacteremia · See more »


Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Bacteria · See more »

Bacterial capsule

Some bacterial cells are surrounded by a viscous substance forming a covering layer or envelope around the cell wall.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Bacterial capsule · See more »

Bacterial pneumonia

Bacterial pneumonia is a type of pneumonia caused by bacterial infection.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Bacterial pneumonia · See more »


A bactericide or bacteriocide, sometimes abbreviated Bcidal, is a substance that kills bacteria.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Bactericide · See more »


Beta-lactamases are enzymes produced by bacteria that provide multi-resistance to β-lactam antibiotics such as penicillins, cephalosporins, cephamycins, and carbapenems (ertapenem), although carbapenems are relatively resistant to beta-lactamase.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Beta-lactamase · See more »


The only species of Branhamella (Branhamella catarrhalis) is reclassified to Moraxella catarrhalis.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Branhamella · See more »


Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchi (large and medium-sized airways) in the lungs.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Bronchitis · See more »


Catarrh, or catarrhal inflammation, is inflammation of the mucous membranes in one of the airways or cavities of the body, usually with reference to the throat and paranasal sinuses.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Catarrh · See more »

Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Cell (biology) · See more »

Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Central nervous system · See more »


The cephalosporins (sg.) are a class of β-lactam antibiotics originally derived from the fungus Acremonium, which was previously known as "Cephalosporium".

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Cephalosporin · See more »

Chocolate agar

Chocolate agar (CHOC) or chocolate blood agar (CBA) – is a nonselective, enriched growth medium used for isolation of pathogenic bacteria.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Chocolate agar · See more »

Chronic condition

A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Chronic condition · See more »

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease · See more »


Clindamycin is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Clindamycin · See more »

Colony (biology)

In biology, a colony is composed of two or more conspecific individuals living in close association with, or connected to, one another.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Colony (biology) · See more »

Complement system

The complement system is a part of the immune system that enhances (complements) the ability of antibodies and phagocytic cells to clear microbes and damaged cells from an organism, promotes inflammation, and attacks the pathogen's cell membrane.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Complement system · See more »


Cross-reactivity, in a general sense, applies to the reaction between two different species as opposed to self-reactivity.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Cross-reactivity · See more »


A deoxyribonuclease (DNase, for short) is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolytic cleavage of phosphodiester linkages in the DNA backbone, thus degrading DNA.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Deoxyribonuclease · See more »


A diplococcus (plural diplococci) is a round bacterium (a coccus) that typically occurs in the form of two joined cells.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Diplococcus · See more »

DNA Data Bank of Japan

The DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ) is a biological database that collects DNA sequences.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and DNA Data Bank of Japan · See more »


Endocarditis is an inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, the endocardium.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Endocarditis · See more »


Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Epithelium · See more »


An epitope, also known as antigenic determinant, is the part of an antigen that is recognized by the immune system, specifically by antibodies, B cells, or T cells.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Epitope · See more »


Erythromycin is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Erythromycin · See more »

European Nucleotide Archive

The European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) is a repository providing free and unrestricted access to annotated DNA and RNA sequences.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and European Nucleotide Archive · See more »


An exacerbation, in medicine, is the worsening of a disease or an increase in its symptoms.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Exacerbation · See more »


Gammaproteobacteria are a class of bacteria.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Gammaproteobacteria · See more »


The GenBank sequence database is an open access, annotated collection of all publicly available nucleotide sequences and their protein translations.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and GenBank · See more »


In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Genome · See more »

Gram-negative bacteria

Gram-negative bacteria are bacteria that do not retain the crystal violet stain used in the gram-staining method of bacterial differentiation.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Gram-negative bacteria · See more »

Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Greek language · See more »


Hemolysis or haemolysis, also known by several other names, is the rupturing (lysis) of red blood cells (erythrocytes) and the release of their contents (cytoplasm) into surrounding fluid (e.g. blood plasma).

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Hemolysis · See more »

Host (biology)

In biology and medicine, a host is an organism that harbours a parasitic, a mutualistic, or a commensalist guest (symbiont), the guest typically being provided with nourishment and shelter.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Host (biology) · See more »

Human eye

The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Human eye · See more »

Immune system

The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Immune system · See more »


Immunization, or immunisation, is the process by which an individual's immune system becomes fortified against an agent (known as the immunogen).

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Immunization · See more »


Immunogenicity is the ability of a particular substance, such as an antigen or epitope, to provoke an immune response in the body of a human and other animal.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Immunogenicity · See more »

Immunoglobulin domain

The immunoglobulin domain is a type of protein domain that consists of a 2-layer sandwich of 7-9 antiparallel β-strands arranged in two β-sheets with a Greek key topology, consisting of about 125 amino acids.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Immunoglobulin domain · See more »

Incubator (culture)

In biology, an incubator is a device used to grow and maintain microbiological cultures or cell cultures.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Incubator (culture) · See more »


Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Infection · See more »


A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system into a functional whole.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Joint · See more »

Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy is a peer-reviewed medical journal which covers antimicrobial chemotherapy, including laboratory aspects and clinical use of antimicrobial agents.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy · See more »

Kern Medical Center

Kern Medical is a 222 bed teaching hospital located in Bakersfield, California in central California's San Joaquin Valley.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Kern Medical Center · See more »

Laboratory mouse

The laboratory mouse is a small mammal of the order Rodentia which is bred and used for scientific research.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Laboratory mouse · See more »


Laryngitis is inflammation of the larynx (voice box).

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Laryngitis · See more »


Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), also known as lipoglycans and endotoxins, are large molecules consisting of a lipid and a polysaccharide composed of O-antigen, outer core and inner core joined by a covalent bond; they are found in the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Lipopolysaccharide · See more »

List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature

List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) is an online database that maintains information on the naming and taxonomy of prokaryotes, following the taxonomy requirements and rulings of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature · See more »


The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Lung · See more »


A macromolecule is a very large molecule, such as protein, commonly created by the polymerization of smaller subunits (monomers).

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Macromolecule · See more »

Medical error

A medical error is a preventable adverse effect of care, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Medical error · See more »

Microbiological culture

A microbiological culture, or microbial culture, is a method of multiplying microbial organisms by letting them reproduce in predetermined culture medium under controlled laboratory conditions.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Microbiological culture · See more »


Microbiology (from Greek μῑκρος, mīkros, "small"; βίος, bios, "life"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of microorganisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells).

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Microbiology · See more »

Middle ear

The middle ear is the portion of the ear internal to the eardrum, and external to the oval window of the inner ear.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Middle ear · See more »

Molecular mass

Relative Molecular mass or molecular weight is the mass of a molecule.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Molecular mass · See more »

Monoclonal antibody

Monoclonal antibodies (mAb or moAb) are antibodies that are made by identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Monoclonal antibody · See more »


Moraxella is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria in the Moraxellaceae family.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Moraxella · See more »


The Moraxellaceae are a family of Gammaproteobacteria, including a few pathogenic species.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Moraxellaceae · See more »

Morphology (biology)

Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Morphology (biology) · See more »

Mortality rate

Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Mortality rate · See more »


Neisseria is a large genus of bacteria that colonize the mucosal surfaces of many animals.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Neisseria · See more »

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Neisseria gonorrhoeae, also known as gonococcus (singular), or gonococci (plural) is a species of gram-negative diplococci bacteria isolated by Albert Neisser in 1879.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae · See more »


Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Nitrate · See more »

Nucleic acid hybridization

In molecular biology, hybridization (or hybridisation) is a phenomenon in which single-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or ribonucleic acid (RNA) molecules anneal to complementary DNA or RNA.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Nucleic acid hybridization · See more »

Otitis media

Otitis media is a group of inflammatory diseases of the middle ear.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Otitis media · See more »

Oxidase test

The oxidase test is a test used in microbiology to determine if a bacterium produces certain cytochrome c oxidases.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Oxidase test · See more »

Passive immunity

Passive immunity is the transfer of active humoral immunity in the form of ready-made antibodies.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Passive immunity · See more »


Penicillin (PCN or pen) is a group of antibiotics which include penicillin G (intravenous use), penicillin V (use by mouth), procaine penicillin, and benzathine penicillin (intramuscular use).

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Penicillin · See more »


Peptides (from Gr.: πεπτός, peptós "digested"; derived from πέσσειν, péssein "to digest") are short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Peptide · See more »


Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Pneumonia · See more »

Porin (protein)

Porins are beta barrel proteins that cross a cellular membrane and act as a pore, through which molecules can diffuse.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Porin (protein) · See more »


Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Protein · See more »


Proteobacteria is a major phylum of gram-negative bacteria. They include a wide variety of pathogens, such as Escherichia, Salmonella, Vibrio, Helicobacter, Yersinia, Legionellales, and many other notable genera. Others are free-living (non-parasitic), and include many of the bacteria responsible for nitrogen fixation. Carl Woese established this grouping in 1987, calling it informally the "purple bacteria and their relatives". Because of the great diversity of forms found in this group, it was named after Proteus, a Greek god of the sea capable of assuming many different shapes and is not named after the genus Proteus. Some Alphaproteobacteria can grow at very low levels of nutrients and have unusual morphology such as stalks and buds. Others include agriculturally important bacteria capable of inducing nitrogen fixation in symbiosis with plants. The type order is the Caulobacterales, comprising stalk-forming bacteria such as Caulobacter. The Betaproteobacteria are highly metabolically diverse and contain chemolithoautotrophs, photoautotrophs, and generalist heterotrophs. The type order is the Burkholderiales, comprising an enormous range of metabolic diversity, including opportunistic pathogens. The Hydrogenophilalia are obligate thermophiles and include heterotrophs and autotrophs. The type order is the Hydrogenophilales. The Gammaproteobacteria are the largest class in terms of species with validly published names. The type order is the Pseudomonadales, which include the genera Pseudomonas and the nitrogen-fixing Azotobacter. The Acidithiobacillia contain only sulfur, iron and uranium-oxidising autotrophs. The type order is the Acidithiobacillales, which includes economically important organisms used in the mining industry such as Acidithiobacillus spp. The Deltaproteobacteria include bacteria that are predators on other bacteria and are important contributors to the anaerobic side of the sulfur cycle. The type order is the Myxococcales, which includes organisms with self-organising abilities such as Myxococcus spp. The Epsilonproteobacteria are often slender, Gram-negative rods that are helical or curved. The type order is the Campylobacterales, which includes important food pathogens such as Campylobacter spp. The Oligoflexia are filamentous aerobes. The type order is the Oligoflexales, which contains the genus Oligoflexus.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Proteobacteria · See more »


The Pseudomonadales are an order of Proteobacteria.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Pseudomonadales · See more »

Pulmonary aspiration

Pulmonary aspiration is the entry of material (such as pharyngeal secretions, food or drink, or stomach contents) from the oropharynx or gastrointestinal tract into the larynx (voice box) and lower respiratory tract (the portions of the respiratory system from the trachea—i.e., windpipe—to the lungs).

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Pulmonary aspiration · See more »

Pulmonary contusion

A pulmonary contusion, also known as lung contusion, is a bruise of the lung, caused by chest trauma.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Pulmonary contusion · See more »

Quinolone antibiotic

A quinolone antibiotic is any member of a large group of broad-spectrum bactericides that share a bicyclic core structure related to the compound 4-quinolone.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Quinolone antibiotic · See more »

Respiratory system

The respiratory system (also respiratory apparatus, ventilatory system) is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for gas exchange in animals and plants.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Respiratory system · See more »

Respiratory tract

In humans, the respiratory tract is the part of the anatomy of the respiratory system involved with the process of respiration.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Respiratory tract · See more »

Ribosomal RNA

Ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) is the RNA component of the ribosome, and is essential for protein synthesis in all living organisms.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Ribosomal RNA · See more »


Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Sepsis · See more »

Septic arthritis

Septic arthritis, also known as joint infection or infectious arthritis, is the invasion of a joint by an infectious agent resulting in joint inflammation.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Septic arthritis · See more »


Sinusitis, also known as a sinus infection or rhinosinusitis, is inflammation of the sinuses resulting in symptoms.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Sinusitis · See more »


A sphere (from Greek σφαῖρα — sphaira, "globe, ball") is a perfectly round geometrical object in three-dimensional space that is the surface of a completely round ball (viz., analogous to the circular objects in two dimensions, where a "circle" circumscribes its "disk").

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Sphere · See more »

Strain (biology)

In biology, a strain is a low-level taxonomic rank used at the intraspecific level (within a species).

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Strain (biology) · See more »


Sulfadimidine or sulfamethazine is a sulfonamide antibacterial.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Sulfadimidine · See more »


Tetracycline, sold under the brand name Sumycin among others, is an antibiotic used to treat a number of infections.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Tetracycline · See more »

Trimeric autotransporter adhesin

In molecular biology, trimeric autotransporter adhesins (TAAs), are proteins found on the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Trimeric autotransporter adhesin · See more »


Trimethoprim (TMP) is an antibiotic used mainly in the treatment of bladder infections.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Trimethoprim · See more »


Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX), also known as co-trimoxazole among other names, is an antibiotic used to treat a variety of bacterial infections.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole · See more »

Unified atomic mass unit

The unified atomic mass unit or dalton (symbol: u, or Da) is a standard unit of mass that quantifies mass on an atomic or molecular scale (atomic mass).

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Unified atomic mass unit · See more »

University of California, Los Angeles

The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, United States.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and University of California, Los Angeles · See more »


Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Urethritis · See more »


Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Vaccination · See more »


A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Vaccine · See more »

Victor Morax

Victor Morax, Paris, 1920 Victor Morax (16 March 1866 – 14 May 1935) was a French ophthalmologist born in Morges, Switzerland.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Victor Morax · See more »

Virulence factor

Virulence factors are molecules produced by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa that add to their effectiveness and enable them to achieve the following.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Virulence factor · See more »

Virulence-related outer membrane protein family

Virulence-related outer membrane proteins are expressed in Gram-negative bacteria and are essential to bacterial survival within macrophages and for eukaryotic cell invasion.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Virulence-related outer membrane protein family · See more »

Watchful waiting

Watchful waiting (also watch and wait or WAW) is an approach to a medical problem in which time is allowed to pass before medical intervention or therapy is used.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and Watchful waiting · See more »

16S ribosomal RNA

16S ribosomal RNA (or 16S rRNA) is the component of the 30S small subunit of a prokaryotic ribosome that binds to the Shine-Dalgarno sequence.

New!!: Moraxella catarrhalis and 16S ribosomal RNA · See more »

Redirects here:

Branhamella catarrhalis, M catarrhalis, M. catarrhalis, Micrococcus catarrhalis, Moraxella (branhamella) catarrhalis, Neisseria catarrhalis.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moraxella_catarrhalis

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »