117 relations: Aircraft, Aircraft engine, Alf Lysholm, Alfa Romeo P2, Allison V-1710, Alloy, Avgas, Axial compressor, Battle of Britain, Bentley, Bentley 4½ Litre, Berlin Motor Show, Blast furnace, Boeing 307 Stratoliner, Boeing B-29 Superfortress, Boeing B-50 Superfortress, Boeing KC-97 Stratofreighter, Bomber, Boost gauge, Brake specific fuel consumption, Carburetor, Centrifugal-type supercharger, Compressor, Connersville, Indiana, Crankshaft, Daimler AG, Daimler-Benz, Daimler-Benz DB 605, Delage, Density of air, Detonation, Diesel engine, Douglas C-124 Globemaster II, Drag equation, Dugald Clerk, Eaton Corporation, Economy, Electro-Motive Diesel, Engine knocking, Exhaust gas, Fiat Automobiles, Forced induction, Four-stroking, Freewheel, Fuel, Gas turbine, General aviation, Goodwood Festival of Speed, Gottlieb Daimler, Harry Miller (auto racing), ..., Heat exchanger, History of the internal combustion engine, Horsepower, Intercooler, Internal combustion engine, Isentropic process, Jet engine, Kompressor (Mercedes-Benz), Lancia Delta S4, Lockheed Constellation, Louis Renault (industrialist), Luftwaffe, Mass flow, Mercedes (marque), Mercedes-AMG, Mercedes-Benz, Mercedes-Benz W25, Monetary inflation, Naturally aspirated engine, North American P-51 Mustang, Octane rating, Pacific War, Patent, Popular Science, Power (physics), Power density, Power-to-weight ratio, Powerplus supercharger, Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp, Pressure wave supercharger, Pump, Radial engine, Ram-air intake, Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, Rolls-Royce Limited, Rolls-Royce Merlin, Roots Blower Company, Roots-type supercharger, Rotary-screw compressor, Royal Air Force, Scavenging (automotive), Scroll-type supercharger, Sea level, Spontaneous combustion, Stanley Hooker, Straight-eight engine, Sunbeam Motor Car Company, Supermarine Spitfire, Thermal efficiency, Throttle, Throttle response, Top Fuel, Tractor pulling, True airspeed, Turbine, Turbocharger, Turbofan, Turbojet, TVS Supercharger, Twincharger, Two-stroke engine, Variable-ratio centrifugal- supercharger, Vought F4U Corsair, Water injection (engine), Watt, Work (physics), World War II. Expand index (67 more) » « Shrink index
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
An aircraft engine is the component of the propulsion system for an aircraft that generates mechanical power.
Alf James Rudolf Lysholm (born 14 December 1893, died 20 February 1973) was a Swedish engineer.
The Alfa Romeo P2 won the inaugural Automobile World Championship in 1925, taking victory in two of the four championship rounds when Antonio Ascari drove it in the European Grand Prix at Spa and Gastone Brilli-Peri won the Italian Grand Prix at Monza after Ascari died while leading the intervening race at Montlhery.
The Allison V-1710 aircraft engine designed and produced by the Allison Engine Company was the only US-developed V-12 liquid-cooled engine to see service during World War II.
An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.
Avgas (aviation gasoline, also known as aviation spirit in the UK), is an aviation fuel used in spark-ignited internal-combustion engines to propel aircraft.
An axial compressor is a compressor that can continuously pressurize gases.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
Bentley Motors Limited is a British manufacturer and marketer of luxury cars and SUVs—and a subsidiary of Volkswagen AG since 1998.
The Bentley 4½ Litre was a British car based on a rolling chassis built by Bentley Motors.
The Berlin Motor Show originally started in 1897 in the German capital Berlin as the home of the International Motor Show (Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung, IAA) and ran until 1939.
A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally pig iron, but also others such as lead or copper.
The Boeing Model 307 Stratoliner was the first commercial transport aircraft to enter service with a pressurized cabin.
The Boeing B-29 Superfortress is a four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing, which was flown primarily by the United States during World War II and the Korean War.
The Boeing B-50 Superfortress is an American strategic bomber.
The Boeing KC-97 Stratofreighter is a United States strategic tanker aircraft based on the Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
A boost gauge is a pressure gauge that indicates manifold air pressure or turbocharger or supercharger boost pressure in an internal combustion engine.
Brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) is a measure of the fuel efficiency of any prime mover that burns fuel and produces rotational, or shaft power.
A carburetor (American English) or carburettor (British English; see spelling differences) is a device that mixes air and fuel for internal combustion engines in the proper ratio for combustion.
A centrifugal supercharger is a specialized type of supercharger that makes use of centrifugal force in order to push additional air into an engine.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
A compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume.
Connersville is a city in Fayette County, east central Indiana, United States, east by southeast of Indianapolis.
A crankshaft—related to crank—is a mechanical part able to perform a conversion between reciprocating motion and rotational motion.
Daimler AG is a German multinational automotive corporation.
Daimler-Benz AG was a German manufacturer of motor vehicles and internal combustion engines, which was founded in 1926.
The Daimler-Benz DB 605 is a German aircraft engine, built during World War II.
Delage was a French luxury automobile and racecar company founded in 1905 by Louis Delage in Levallois-Perret near Paris; it was acquired by Delahaye in 1935 and ceased operation in 1953.
The density of air ρ (Greek: rho) (air density) is the mass per unit volume of Earth's atmosphere.
Detonation is a type of combustion involving a supersonic exothermic front accelerating through a medium that eventually drives a shock front propagating directly in front of it.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).
The Douglas C-124 Globemaster II, nicknamed "Old Shaky", was an American heavy-lift cargo aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company in Long Beach, California.
In fluid dynamics, the drag equation is a formula used to calculate the force of drag experienced by an object due to movement through a fully enclosing fluid.
Sir Dugald Clerk (sometimes written as Dugald Clark) KBE, LLD FRS (1854, Glasgow – 1932, Ewhurst, Surrey) was a Scottish engineer who designed the world's first successful two-stroke engine in 1878 and patented it in England in 1881.
Eaton Corporation Plc is a multinational power management company with 2017 sales of $20.4 billion, founded in the United States with corporate headquarters in Dublin, Ireland.
An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.
Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) is an American manufacturer of diesel-electric locomotives, locomotive products and diesel engines for the rail industry.
Knocking (also knock,, spark knock, pinging or pinking) in spark-ignition internal combustion engines occurs when combustion of some of the air/fuel mixture in the cylinder does not result from propagation of the flame front ignited by the spark plug, but one or more pockets of air/fuel mixture explode outside the envelope of the normal combustion front.
Exhaust gas or flue gas is emitted as a result of the combustion of fuels such as natural gas, gasoline, petrol, biodiesel blends, diesel fuel, fuel oil, or coal.
Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (originally FIAT, lit) is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.
Forced induction is the process of delivering compressed air to the intake of an internal combustion engine.
Four-stroking is a condition of two-stroke engines where combustion occurs every four strokes or more, rather than every two.
Freewheel mechanism In mechanical or automotive engineering, a freewheel or overrunning clutch is a device in a transmission that disengages the driveshaft from the driven shaft when the driven shaft rotates faster than the driveshaft.
A fuel is any material that can be made to react with other substances so that it releases energy as heat energy or to be used for work.
A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.
General aviation (GA) is all civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and non-scheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire.
The Goodwood Festival of Speed is an annual hill climb featuring historic motor racing vehicles held in the grounds of Goodwood House, West Sussex, England in late June or early July; the event is scheduled to avoid clashing with the Formula One season, enabling fans to see F1 machines as well as cars and motorbikes from motor racing history climb the hill.
Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler (17 March 1834 – 6 March 1900) was an engineer, industrial designer and industrialist born in Schorndorf (Kingdom of Württemberg, a federal state of the German Confederation), in what is now Germany.
Harold Arminius Miller (December 9, 1875 – May 3, 1943), commonly called Harry, was an American race car designer and builder who was most active in the 1920s and 1930s.
A heat exchanger is a device used to transfer heat between two or more fluids.
Various scientists and engineers contributed to the development of internal combustion engines.
Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement of power (the rate at which work is done).
An intercooler is any mechanical device used to cool a fluid, including liquids or gases, between stages of a multi-stage compression process, typically a heat exchanger that removes waste heat in a gas compressor.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
In thermodynamics, an isentropic process is an idealized thermodynamic process that is both adiabatic and reversible.
A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.
Kompressor (stylized as KOMPRESSOR) is a marketing name by Mercedes-Benz used in supercharged engines.
The Lancia Delta S4 is a Group B rally car from the Italian car company Lancia.
The Lockheed Constellation ("Connie") is a propeller-driven, four-engined airliner built by Lockheed Corporation between 1943 and 1958 at Burbank, California.
Louis Renault (12 February 1877 – 24 October 1944) was a French industrialist, one of the founders of Renault and a pioneer of the automobile industry.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
This article is about the flow of fluids in biological systems.
Mercedes was a brand of the Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (DMG).
Mercedes-AMG GmbH, commonly known as AMG, is the high performance brand used by Mercedes-Benz.
Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.
The Mercedes-Benz W25 was a Grand Prix racing car designed by Daimler-Benz AG for the 1934 Grand Prix season, in which new rules were introduced, and no championship was held.
Monetary inflation is a sustained increase in the money supply of a country (or currency area).
A naturally aspirated engine is an internal combustion engine in which oxygen intake depends solely on atmospheric pressure and does not rely on forced induction through a turbocharger or a supercharger.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang is an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II and the Korean War, among other conflicts.
An octane rating, or octane number, is a standard measure of the performance of an engine or aviation fuel.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Popular Science (also known as PopSci) is an American quarterly magazine carrying popular science content, which refers to articles for the general reader on science and technology subjects.
In physics, power is the rate of doing work, the amount of energy transferred per unit time.
Power density (or volume power density or volume specific power) is the amount of power (time rate of energy transfer) per unit volume.
Power-to-weight ratio (or specific power or power-to-mass ratio) is a calculation commonly applied to engines and mobile power sources to enable the comparison of one unit or design to another.
The Powerplus is a design of supercharger that was used to boost the performance of car engines in the 1930s.
The Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp is an American twin-row, 18-cylinder, air-cooled radial aircraft engine with a displacement of 2,800 in³ (46 L), and is part of the long-lived Wasp family.
A pressure wave supercharger (also known as a wave rotor) is a type of supercharger technology that harnesses the pressure waves produced by an internal combustion engine exhaust gas pulses to compress the intake air.
A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action.
The radial engine is a reciprocating type internal combustion engine configuration in which the cylinders "radiate" outward from a central crankcase like the spokes of a wheel.
A ram-air intake is any intake design which uses the dynamic air pressure created by vehicle motion to increase the static air pressure inside of the intake manifold on an internal combustion engine, thus allowing a greater massflow through the engine and hence increasing engine power.
The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt was a World War II era fighter aircraft produced by the United States from 1941 through 1945.
Rolls-Royce was a British luxury car and later an aero engine manufacturing business established in 1904 by the partnership of Charles Rolls and Henry Royce.
The Rolls-Royce Merlin is a British liquid-cooled V-12 piston aero engine of 27-litres (1,650 cu in) capacity.
The Roots Blower Company was an American engineering company based in Connersville, Indiana.
The Roots type blower is a positive displacement lobe pump which operates by pumping a fluid with a pair of meshing lobes not unlike a set of stretched gears.
A rotary-screw compressor is a type of gas compressor that uses a rotary-type positive-displacement mechanism.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
Uniflow scavenging In automotive usage, scavenging is the process of pushing exhausted gas-charge out of the cylinder and drawing in a fresh draught of air or fuel/air mixture for the next cycle.
The scroll-type supercharger is a positive displacement orbiting-spiral supercharger.
Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured.
Spontaneous combustion or spontaneous ignition is a type of combustion which occurs by self-heating (increase in temperature due to exothermic internal reactions), followed by thermal runaway (self heating which rapidly accelerates to high temperatures) and finally, autoignition.
Sir Stanley George Hooker, FRS, DPhil, BSc, FRAeS, MIMechE, FAAAS, (30 September 1907 – 24 May 1984) was a mathematician and jet engine engineer.
The straight-eight engine or inline-eight engine is an eight-cylinder internal combustion engine with all eight cylinders mounted in a straight line along the crankcase.
Sunbeam Motor Car Company Limited was a British motor car manufacturer with its works at Moorfields in Blakenhall, a suburb of Wolverhampton in the county of Staffordshire, now West Midlands.
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.
In thermodynamics, the thermal efficiency (\eta_ \) is a dimensionless performance measure of a device that uses thermal energy, such as an internal combustion engine, a steam turbine or a steam engine, a boiler, furnace, or a refrigerator for example.
A throttle is the mechanism by which fluid flow is managed by the constriction or obstruction.
Throttle response or vehicle responsiveness is a measure of how quickly a vehicle's prime mover, such as an internal combustion engine, can increase its power output in response to a driver's request for acceleration.
Top Fuel dragsters are the quickest accelerating racing cars in the world and the fastest sanctioned category of drag racers, with the fastest competitors reaching speeds of and finishing the runs in 3.64 seconds.
Truck and Tractor pulling, also known as power pulling, is a motorsport competition, popular in the United States, Canada, Europe (especially in the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark and Germany), Australia and Brazil, and New Zealand which requires modified tractors to pull a heavy sled along a 35 foot wide, 330 foot long track, with the winner being the tractor that pulls the sled the farthest.
The true airspeed (TAS; also KTAS, for knots true airspeed) of an aircraft is the speed of the aircraft relative to the airmass in which it is flying.
A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.
A turbocharger, or colloquially turbo, is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.
A TVS, Twin Vortices Series, Supercharger is a device which was created by the Eaton Corporation as an improvement upon the currently existing superchargers.
Twincharger refers to a compound forced induction system used on some piston-type internal combustion engines.
A two-stroke (or two-cycle) engine is a type of internal combustion engine which completes a power cycle with two strokes (up and down movements) of the piston during only one crankshaft revolution.
The variable ratio centrifugal supercharger is a centrifugal supercharger that is able to change its internal ratio during operation, allowing the supercharger impeller rpm to operate independently of engine rpm.
The Vought F4U Corsair is an American fighter aircraft that saw service primarily in World War II and the Korean War.
In internal combustion engines, water injection, also known as anti-detonant injection (ADI), can spray water into the incoming air or fuel-air mixture, or directly into the cylinder to cool certain parts of the induction system where "hot points" could produce premature ignition.
The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.
In physics, a force is said to do work if, when acting, there is a displacement of the point of application in the direction of the force.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.