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Bhopal disaster

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The Bhopal disaster, also referred to as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident in India, considered the world's worst industrial disaster. [1]

132 relations: Acute tubular necrosis, Aerosol, Alien Tort Statute, American University, Ankleshwar, Arizona State University, Arthur D. Little, Autopsy, Ayurveda, Bayer, BBC News, BBC Radio 5 Live, BBC World News, Bhopal, Bhopal: A Prayer for Rain, Bias, Blepharospasm, Carbaryl, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Carbon tetrachloride, Carcinogen, CBS News, Central Bureau of Investigation, Centre for Science and Environment, Cerebral edema, Chemical & Engineering News, Chloroform, Choking, Chromium, Circulatory collapse, Cohort (statistics), Confounding, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Current Science, Deluge gun, Dichloromethane, District Courts of India, Dow Chemical Company, Down to Earth (magazine), Effigy, Ekalavya, Enteritis, Eveready Industries India, Exothermic reaction, Extradition, Fatty liver, Five Past Midnight in Bhopal, Gas leak, Goldman Environmental Prize, ..., Government of India, Government of Madhya Pradesh, Greenpeace, Groundwater, Hachette Book Group, Henry Waxman, Hexachlorobutadiene, Hexachlorocyclohexane, Hexachloroethane, Hindustan Times, Homicide, Hunger strike, Hydrogen chloride, Hydrogen cyanide, Indian Council of Medical Research, Indian Red Cross Society, Indian rupee, Institute, West Virginia, International Campaign for Justice in Bhopal, International Medical Commission on Bhopal, Jacques Servin, JAMA (journal), Kal Penn, Larsen & Toubro, Law of India, List of industrial disasters, Madhya Pradesh, Manufacturing cost, Martin Sheen, McGraw Hill Financial, McLeod Russel, Medicine, Mercury (element), Metallurgy, Methyl isocyanate, Methylamine, Mischa Barton, Mortality rate, Mother Jones (magazine), Naphthalene, Negligence, Nitrogen oxide, Organochloride, Permanent Peoples' Tribunal, Pesticide, Phosgene, Pulmonary edema, Rachna Dhingra, Responsible Care, Sambhavna Trust, Satinath Sarangi, Shanty town, Sierra Club Books, Sodium hydroxide, Stillbirth, Stratfor, Students for Bhopal, Supreme Court of India, Supreme Court of the United States, Swedish Defence Research Agency, System accident, Tar, The Yes Men, Thermal runaway, Trichlorobenzene, Trichloroethylene, Tube well, Union Carbide, Union Carbide India Limited, Union Council of Ministers of India, United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, United States Environmental Protection Agency, University of Exeter, University of Toronto Press, Visa (document), Volatile organic compound, Warren Anderson (American businessman), WikiLeaks, World Health Organization, YouTube, 1-Naphthol, 2012–13 Stratfor email leak. Expand index (82 more) »

Acute tubular necrosis

Acute tubular necrosis (ATN) is a medical condition involving the death of tubular epithelial cells that form the renal tubules of the kidneys.

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An aerosol is a colloid of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.

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Alien Tort Statute

The Alien Tort Statute (ATS), also called the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA), is a section of the United States Code that reads: "The district courts shall have original jurisdiction of any civil action by an alien for a tort only, committed in violation of the law of nations or a treaty of the United States." Since 1980, courts have interpreted this statute to allow foreign citizens to seek remedies in U.S. courts for human-rights violations for conduct committed outside the United States.

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American University

American University (AU or American) is a private research university in Washington, D.C., United States, affiliated with the United Methodist Church, although the university's curriculum is secular.

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Ankleshwar, (sometimes written Anklesvar) is a city and a municipality in the Bharuch district of the state of Gujarat, India.

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Arizona State University

Arizona State University (commonly referred to as ASU or Arizona State) is a public flagship metropolitan research university located on five campuses across the Phoenix, Arizona, Metropolitan Area.

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Arthur D. Little

Arthur D. Little is an international management consulting firm originally headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, and formally incorporated by that name in 1909 by Arthur Dehon Little, an MIT chemist who had discovered acetate.

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An autopsy—also known as a post-mortem examination, necropsy, autopsia cadaverum, or obduction—is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse to determine the cause and manner of death and to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present.

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Ayurveda (Sanskrit: आयुर्वेद ''Āyurveda''., "life-knowledge"; English pronunciation) or Ayurvedic medicine is a system of traditional Hindu medicine native to the Indian subcontinent.

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Bayer AG is a German multinational chemical and pharmaceutical company founded in Barmen (today a part of Wuppertal), Germany in 1863.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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BBC Radio 5 Live

BBC Radio 5 Live is the BBC's national radio service that specialises in live BBC News, phone-ins, interviews and sports commentaries.

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BBC World News

BBC World News is the BBC's international news and current affairs television channel.

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Bhopal is the capital of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Bhopal district and Bhopal division.

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Bhopal: A Prayer for Rain

Bhopal: A Prayer for Rain is a 2014 historical-drama film set amidst the Bhopal disaster that had occurred in India on 2–3 December 1984.

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Bias is an inclination of temperament or outlook to present or hold a partial perspective, often accompanied by a refusal to consider the possible merits of alternative points of view.

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A blepharospasm (from Greek: blepharon, eyelid, and spasm, an uncontrolled muscle contraction), is any abnormal contraction or twitch of the eyelid.

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Carbaryl (1-naphthyl methylcarbamate) is a chemical in the carbamate family used chiefly as an insecticide.

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Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula CO2) is a colorless, odorless gas vital to life on Earth.

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Carbon monoxide

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.

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Carbon tetrachloride

Carbon tetrachloride, also known by many other names (the most notable being tetrachloromethane (also recognized by the IUPAC), carbon tet in the cleaning industry, Halon-104 in firefighting and Refrigerant-10 in HVACR), is the organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4.

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A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that is an agent directly involved in causing cancer.

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CBS News

CBS News is the news division of American television and radio network CBS.

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Central Bureau of Investigation

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the foremost investigating police agency in India, an elite force which plays a role in public life and ensuring the health of the national economy.

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Centre for Science and Environment

Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is a not-for-profit public interest research and advocacy organisation based in New Delhi, India.

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Cerebral edema

Cerebral edema or cerebral oedema is excess accumulation of fluid in the intracellular or extracellular spaces of the brain.

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Chemical & Engineering News

Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN) is a weekly magazine published by the American Chemical Society, providing professional and technical information in the fields of chemistry and chemical engineering.

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Chloroform is an organic compound with formula CHCl3.

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Choking is the mechanical obstruction of the flow of air from the environment into the lungs.

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Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.

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Circulatory collapse

A circulatory collapse is defined as a general or specific failure of the circulation, either cardiac or peripheral in nature.

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Cohort (statistics)

In statistics and demography, a cohort is a group of subjects who have shared a particular event together during a particular time span (e.g., people born in Europe between 1918 and 1939; survivors of an aircrash; truck drivers who smoked between age 30 and 40).

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In statistics, a confounding variable (also confounding factor, a confound, or confounder) is an extraneous variable in a statistical model that correlates (directly or inversely) with both the dependent variable and the independent variable.

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Council of Scientific and Industrial Research

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) established in 1942, is an autonomous body and India's largest research and development (R&D) organisation, with 37 laboratories and 39 field stations or extension centres spread across the nation, with a collective staff of over 17,000.

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Current Science

Current Science is an Indian peer-reviewed scientific journal.

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Deluge gun

A deluge gun, fire monitor, master stream, water cannon, or deck gun is an aimable controllable high-capacity water jet used for manual firefighting or automatic fire protection systems.

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Dichloromethane (DCM, or methylene chloride) is an organic compound with the formula CH2Cl2.

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District Courts of India

The District Courts (Hindi: जिला न्यायालय) of India are the district courts of the State governments in India for every district or for one or more districts together taking into account the number of cases, population distribution in the district.

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Dow Chemical Company

The Dow Chemical Co., commonly referred to as Dow, is an American multinational chemical corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States.

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Down to Earth (magazine)

Down to Earth is an Indian science and environment fortnightly, established by the in May 1992.

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An effigy is a representation of a specific person in the form of sculpture or some other three-dimensional medium.

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Eklavya (Sanskrit: एकलव्य, éklavya) is a character from the epic Mahābhārata.

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Enteritis (entero- + -itis) is inflammation of the small intestine.

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Eveready Industries India

Eveready Industries India, Ltd (EIIL) (previously known as Union Carbide India, Limited) is the flagship company of the B.M. Khaitan Group.

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Exothermic reaction

An exothermic reaction is a chemical reaction that releases energy by light or heat.

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Extradition is the official process whereby one country transfers a suspected or convicted criminal to another country.

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Fatty liver

Fatty liver, also known as fatty liver disease (FLD), is a reversible condition wherein large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells via the process of steatosis (i.e., abnormal retention of lipids within a cell).

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Five Past Midnight in Bhopal

Five Past Midnight in Bhopal: The Epic Story of the World's Deadliest Industrial Disaster is a book by Dominique Lapierre and Javier Moro based on the 1984 Bhopal disaster.

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Gas leak

In common usage, a gas leak refers to a leak of natural gas or other gaseous product from a pipeline or other containment into a living area or any other area where the gas should not be present.

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Goldman Environmental Prize

The Goldman Environmental Prize is a prize awarded annually to grassroots environmental activists, one from each of the world's six geographic regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, Islands and Island Nations, North America, and South and Central America.

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Government of India

The Government of India (GoI), officially known as the Union Government and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India.

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Government of Madhya Pradesh

The Government of Madhya Pradesh also known as the State Government of Madhya Pradesh, or locally as State Government, is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and its 51 districts.

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Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over forty countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

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Groundwater (or ground water) is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.

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Hachette Book Group

Hachette Book Group (HBG) is a publishing company owned by Hachette Livre, the largest publishing company in France, and the third largest trade and educational publisher in the world.

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Henry Waxman

Henry Arnold Waxman (born September 12, 1939) is an American politician who served as the U.S. Representative for from 1975 until 2015.

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Hexachlorobutadiene, Cl2C.

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Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) is a six chlorine substituted cyclohexane, a polyhalogenated compound.

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Hexachloroethane, also known as perchloroethane (PCA), C2Cl6, is a white crystalline solid at room temperature with a camphor-like odor.

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Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times (HT) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper founded in 1924 with roots in the Indian independence movement of the period ("Hindustan" being a historical name for India).

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Homicide is the act of a human being causing the death of another human being.

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Hunger strike

A hunger strike is a method of non-violent resistance or pressure in which participants fast as an act of political protest, or to provoke feelings of guilt in others, usually with the objective to achieve a specific goal, such as a policy change.

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Hydrogen chloride

The compound hydrogen chloride has the chemical formula.

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Hydrogen cyanide

Hydrogen cyanide (HCN), sometimes called prussic acid, is an organic compound with the chemical formula HCN.

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Indian Council of Medical Research

The Indian Council of Medical Research the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research, is one of the oldest and largest medical research bodies in the world.

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Indian Red Cross Society

The Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) is a voluntary humanitarian organization to protect human life and health based in India.

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Indian rupee

The rupee, or more specifically the Indian rupee (symbol: ₹; ISO code: INR) (Unicode U+20B9) is the official currency of the Republic of India.

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Institute, West Virginia

Institute is an unincorporated community on the Kanawha River in Kanawha County, West Virginia, USA.

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International Campaign for Justice in Bhopal

The International Campaign for Justice in Bhopal (ICJB) is a coalition of disaster survivors and environmental, social justice, progressive Indian, and human rights groups that have joined forces to hold the Indian Government and Dow Chemical Corporation accountable for the ongoing chemical disaster in Bhopal.

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International Medical Commission on Bhopal

The International Medical Commission on Bhopal (IMCB) was established in 1993 to organise medical responses to the 1984 Bhopal disaster (India).

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Jacques Servin

Jacques Servin (also known as Andy Bichlbaum) is one of the leading members of The Yes Men, a culture jamming activist group.

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JAMA (journal)

JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association.

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Kal Penn

Kal Penn (born Kalpen Suresh Modi; April 23, 1977) is an American actor, producer, and civil servant of Indian origin.

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Larsen & Toubro

Larsen & Toubro Limited, also known as L&T, is an Indian multinational conglomerate headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

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Law of India

Law of India refers to the system of law in modern India.

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List of industrial disasters

This article lists notable industrial disasters, which are disasters caused by industrial companies, either by accident, negligence or incompetence.

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Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh (MP) (meaning Central Province) is a state in central India.

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Manufacturing cost

Manufacturing cost is the sum of costs of all resources consumed in the process of making a product.

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Martin Sheen

Ramón Antonio Gerardo Estévez (born August 3, 1940), better known by his stage name Martin Sheen, is an American actor who first achieved fame with roles in the films Badlands (1973) and Apocalypse Now (1979).

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McGraw Hill Financial

McGraw Hill Financial, Inc. is an American publicly traded corporation headquartered in New York City.

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McLeod Russel

McLeod Russel India Ltd is the world's largest tea growing company.

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Medicine (British English; American English) is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

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Mercury (element)

Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.

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Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.

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Methyl isocyanate

Methyl isocyanate (MIC) is an organic compound with the molecular formula CH3NCO.

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Methylamine is an organic compound with a formula of CH3NH2.

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Mischa Barton

Mischa Anne Barton (born 24 January 1986) is an English-Irish film, television, and stage actress, and occasional fashion model with British, Irish, and American citizenship.

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Mortality rate

Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.

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Mother Jones (magazine)

Mother Jones (abbreviated MoJo) is an American magazine featuring investigative and breaking news reporting on politics, the environment, human rights, and culture.

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Naphthalene is an organic compound with formula.

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Negligence (Lat. negligentia, from neglegere, to neglect, literally "not to pick up something") is a failure to exercise the care that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in like circumstances.

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Nitrogen oxide

Nitrogen oxide may refer to a binary compound of oxygen and nitrogen, or a mixture of such compounds.

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An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, chlorinated hydrocarbon, is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine as the dominant functionality, of which chloroalkane and chlorinated solvent as examples are major members.

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Permanent Peoples' Tribunal

The Permanent Peoples' Tribunal is an international opinion tribunal founded in Bologna (Italy) on June 24, 1979 at the initiative of Senator Lelio Basso.

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Pesticides are substances meant for attracting, seducing, and then destroying, or mitigating any pest.

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Phosgene is the chemical compound with the formula COCl2.

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Pulmonary edema

Pulmonary edema (American English), or oedema (British English; both words from the Greek οἴδημα), is fluid accumulation in the air spaces and parenchyma of the lungs.

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Rachna Dhingra

Rachna Dhingra (born 3 Sep 1977) is a social activist working in Bhopal with the survivors of the Bhopal gas tragedy, a gas leak from a Union Carbide plant in 1984 that has killed 20,000 people.

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Responsible Care

Responsible Care is a global, voluntary initiative developed autonomously by the chemical industry for the chemical industry.

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Sambhavna Trust

The Sambhavna Trust Clinic, or Bhopal People's Health and Documentation Clinic, is a charitable trust run by a group of doctors, scientists, writers and social workers who have been involved with various aspects of the Union Carbide disaster (Bhopal disaster) in Bhopal, India, ever since its occurrence in December 1984.

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Satinath Sarangi

Satinath (Sathyu) Sarangi was born in Chakradharpur, Jharkhand, India, on September 25, 1954.

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Shanty town

A shanty town or squatter area is a settlement of plywood, corrugated metal, sheets of plastic, and cardboard boxes.

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Sierra Club Books

Sierra Club Books is the publishing division of the Sierra Club, founded in 1960 by then Sierra Club President David Brower.

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Sodium hydroxide

Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as lye and caustic soda, is an inorganic compound.

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Stillbirth is often defined as fetal death after 20 weeks of gestation.

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Strategic Forecasting, Inc. — known as Stratfor — is an American publisher and global intelligence company founded in 1996 in Austin, Texas, by George Friedman, who is the company's chairman.

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Students for Bhopal

Students for Bhopal (SfB) is an international network of students and supporters working in solidarity with the survivors of the Bhopal disaster – the world’s worst-ever industrial catastrophe - in their struggle for justice.

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Supreme Court of India

The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review.

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Supreme Court of the United States

The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.

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Swedish Defence Research Agency

Swedish Defence Research Agency (Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, FOI) is a government agency in Sweden for defence research that reports to the Ministry of Defence.

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System accident

A system accident, or normal accident, is an "unanticipated interaction of multiple failures" in a complex system.

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Tar is a black mixture of hydrocarbons and free carbon obtained from a wide variety of organic materials through destructive distillation.

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The Yes Men

The Yes Men are a culture jamming activist duo and network of supporters created by Jacques Servin and Igor Vamos.

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Thermal runaway

Thermal runaway refers to a situation where an increase in temperature changes the conditions in a way that causes a further increase in temperature, often leading to a destructive result.

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Trichlorobenzene (TCB) may refer to any of three isomeric chlorinated derivatives of benzene with the molecular formula C6H3Cl3.

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The chemical compound trichloroethylene is a halocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent.

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Tube well

A tube well is a type of water well in which a long wide stainless steel tube or pipe is bored into an underground aquifer.

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Union Carbide

Union Carbide Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary (since 2001) of Dow Chemical Company.

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Union Carbide India Limited

Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) was a chemical company established in 1934, eventually expanding to employ 9,000 people working at 14 plants in five divisions.

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Union Council of Ministers of India

The Union Council of Ministers exercises executive authority in the Republic of India.

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United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit

The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (in case citations, 2d Cir.) is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals.

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United States Environmental Protection Agency

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or sometimes USEPA) is an agency of the U.S. federal government which was created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress.

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University of Exeter

The University of Exeter is a public research university located in Exeter, South West England, United Kingdom.

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University of Toronto Press

University of Toronto Press (UTP) is Canada's leading scholarly publisher and one of the largest university presses in North America.

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Visa (document)

A visa (from the Latin charta visa, meaning "paper which has been seen"), is a conditional authorization granted by a country to a noncitizen to enter and temporarily remain within that country.

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Volatile organic compound

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.

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Warren Anderson (American businessman)

Warren M. Anderson (November 29, 1921 – September 29, 2014) was an American businessman who served as Chairman and CEO of the Union Carbide Corporation at the time of the Bhopal disaster in 1984.

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WikiLeaks is an international, non-profit, journalistic organisation, that publishes secret information, news leaks, and classified media from anonymous sources.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health.

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YouTube is a video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California, United States.

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1-Naphthol, or α-naphthol, is a fluorescent organic compound with the formula C10H7OH.

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2012–13 Stratfor email leak

The 2012–13 Stratfor email leak is the public disclosure of a number of internal emails between global intelligence company Stratfor's employees and its clients, referred to by WikiLeaks as the Global Intelligence Files.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhopal_disaster

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