152 relations: Acute tubular necrosis, Aerosol, Alfred A. Knopf, Alien Tort Statute, American University, Ammonia, Amulya Malladi, Animal's People, Ankleshwar, Arizona State University, Arthur D. Little, Arundhati Roy, Autopsy, Ayurveda, Bayer, BBC News, BBC Radio 5 Live, BBC World News, Bhopal, Bhopal Express (film), Bhopal: A Prayer for Rain, Bias, Blepharospasm, Booker Prize, Carbaryl, Carbon dioxide, Carbon tetrachloride, Carcinogen, CBS News, Central Bureau of Investigation, Centre for Science and Environment, Cerebral edema, Chemical & Engineering News, Chloroform, Choking, Chromium, Circulatory collapse, Cohort (statistics), Confounding, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Current Science, Deluge gun, Dichloromethane, Dimethylamine, District Courts of India, Dow Chemical Company, Down to Earth (magazine), Effigy, Ekalavya, Enteritis, ..., Environmental inequality in Europe, Environmental racism, Eveready Industries India, Exothermic reaction, Extradition, Fatty liver, Gas leak, Gas mask, Goldman Environmental Prize, Government of India, Government of Madhya Pradesh, Greenpeace, Groundwater, Hachette Book Group, Hamidia Hospital, Henry Waxman, Hexachlorobutadiene, Hexachlorocyclohexane, Hexachloroethane, Hindustan Times, Homicide, Hunger strike, Hydrogen chloride, Indian Council of Medical Research, Indian Red Cross Society, Indian rupee, Indra Sinha, Institute, West Virginia, International Campaign for Justice in Bhopal, International Medical Commission on Bhopal, Jacques Servin, JAMA (journal), John F. Keenan, Kal Penn, Kay Kay Menon, Larsen & Toubro, Law of India, List of industrial disasters, Madhya Pradesh, Manufacturing cost, Martin Sheen, McGraw-Hill Education, McLeod Russel, Medicine, Mercury (element), Metallurgy, Methyl isocyanate, Methylamine, Mischa Barton, Mortality rate, Mother Jones (magazine), Naphthalene, Naseeruddin Shah, Negligence, Organochloride, Pablo Bartholomew, Permanent Peoples' Tribunal, Pesticide, Phosgene, Pulmonary edema, Rachna Dhingra, Raghu Rai, Rapho (agency), Responsible Care, Sambhavna Trust, Satinath Sarangi, Shanty town, Shelter in place, Sierra Club Books, Sodium hydroxide, Stillbirth, Stratfor, Students for Bhopal, Supreme Court of India, Supreme Court of the United States, Swedish Defence Research Agency, System accident, Tar, The Indian Express, The Ministry of Utmost Happiness, The Times of India, The Yes Men, Thermal runaway, Travel visa, Trichlorobenzene, Trichloroethylene, Trimethylamine, Tube well, Union Carbide, Union Carbide India Limited, Union Council of Ministers, United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, United States Environmental Protection Agency, University of Exeter, Volatile organic compound, Warren Anderson (American businessman), Water well, WikiLeaks, World Health Organization, YouTube, 1-Naphthol, 2012–13 Stratfor email leak. Expand index (102 more) »
Acute tubular necrosis (ATN) is a medical condition involving the death of tubular epithelial cells that form the renal tubules of the kidneys.
An aerosol is a suspension of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. is a New York publishing house that was founded by Alfred A. Knopf Sr. and Blanche Knopf in 1915.
The Alien Tort Statute (ATS), also called the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA), is a section of the United States Code that reads: "The district courts shall have original jurisdiction of any civil action by an alien for a tort only, committed in violation of the law of nations or a treaty of the United States." Since 1980, courts have interpreted this statute to allow foreign citizens to seek remedies in U.S. courts for human-rights violations for conduct committed outside the United States.
The American University (AU or American) is a private United Methodist-affiliated research university in Washington, D.C., United States.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Amulya Malladi (born 1974 in Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, India) is an author.
Animal's People is a novel by Indra Sinha.
Ankleshwar, (sometimes written Anklesvar) is a city and a municipality in the Bharuch district of the state of Gujarat, India.
Arizona State University (commonly referred to as ASU or Arizona State) is a public metropolitan research university on five campuses across the Phoenix metropolitan area, and four regional learning centers throughout Arizona.
Arthur D. Little is an international management consulting firm originally headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, and formally incorporated by that name in 1909 by Arthur Dehon Little, an MIT chemist who had discovered acetate.
Suzanna Arundhati Roy (born 24 November 1961) is an Indian author best known for her novel The God of Small Things (1997), which won the Man Booker Prize for Fiction in 1997 and became the biggest-selling book by a non-expatriate Indian author.
An autopsy (post-mortem examination, obduction, necropsy, or autopsia cadaverum) is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse by dissection to determine the cause and manner of death or to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present for research or educational purposes.
Ayurveda is a system of medicine with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent.
Bayer AG is a German multinational, pharmaceutical and life sciences company.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
BBC Radio 5 Live (also known as just 5 Live) is the BBC's national radio service that specialises in live BBC News, phone-ins, interviews and sports commentaries.
BBC World News is the BBC's international news and current affairs television channel.
Bhopal is the capital city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Bhopal district and Bhopal division.
Bhopal Express (भोपाल एक्सप्रेस) is a 1999 Hindi film directed by Mahesh Mathai.
Bhopal: A Prayer for Rain is a 2014 historical drama film set amidst the Bhopal disaster that had occurred in India on 2–3 December 1984.
Bias is disproportionate weight in favour of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.
Blepharospasm is any abnormal contraction or twitch of the eyelid.
The Man Booker Prize for Fiction (formerly known as the Booker–McConnell Prize and commonly known simply as the Booker Prize) is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original novel written in the English language and published in the UK.
Carbaryl (1-naphthyl methylcarbamate) is a chemical in the carbamate family used chiefly as an insecticide.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbon tetrachloride, also known by many other names (the most notable being tetrachloromethane, also recognized by the IUPAC, carbon tet in the cleaning industry, Halon-104 in firefighting, and Refrigerant-10 in HVACR) is an organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the premier investigating agency of India.
Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is a not-for-profit public interest research and advocacy organisation based in New Delhi, India.
Cerebral edema is excess accumulation of fluid in the intracellular or extracellular spaces of the brain.
Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN) is a weekly trade magazine published by the American Chemical Society, providing professional and technical information in the fields of chemistry and chemical engineering.
Chloroform, or trichloromethane, is an organic compound with formula CHCl3.
Choking (also known as foreign body airway obstruction) is a life-threatening medical emergency characterized by the blockage of air passage into the lungs secondary to the inhalation or ingestion of food or another object.
Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.
A circulatory collapse is defined as a general or specific failure of the circulation, either cardiac or peripheral in nature.
In statistics, marketing and demography, a cohort is a group of subjects who share a defining characteristic (typically subjects who experienced a common event in a selected time period, such as birth or graduation).
In statistics, a confounder (also confounding variable, confounding factor or lurking variable) is a variable that influences both the dependent variable and independent variable causing a spurious association.
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (IAST: vaigyanik tathā audyogik anusandhāna pariṣada; abbreviated as CSIR) was established by the Government of India in 1942 is an autonomous body that has emerged as the largest research and development organisation in India.
Current Science is an English-language peer-reviewed multidisciplinary scientific journal.
A deluge gun, fire monitor, master stream or deck gun is an aimable controllable high-capacity water jet used for manual firefighting or automatic fire protection systems.
Methylene dichloride (DCM, or methylene chloride, or dichloromethane) is a geminal organic compound with the formula CH2Cl2.
Dimethylamine is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2NH.
The District Courts (Hindi: ज़िला न्यायालय) of India are the district courts of the State governments in India for every district or for one or more districts together taking into account the number of cases, population distribution in the district.
The Dow Chemical Company, commonly referred to as Dow, is an American multinational chemical corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States, and the predecessor of the merged company DowDuPont.
Down to Earth is an Indian science and environment fortnightly, established by the in May 1992.
An effigy is a representation of a specific person in the form of sculpture or some other three-dimensional medium.
Ekalavya (English: ékalavya) means self learned person, is a character from the epic The Mahābhārata.
Enteritis is inflammation of the small intestine.
Environmental racism in Europe has been documented in relation to racialized immigrant and migrant populations alongside Romani (Roma/Gypsy), Yenish, Irish Traveller, and communities (such as the Sami, Komi, and Nenets) from within continental borders.
Environmental racism is a term used to describe environmental injustice within a racialized context.
Eveready Industries India Ltd.
An exothermic reaction is a chemical reaction that releases energy by light or heat.
Extradition is the act by one jurisdiction of delivering a person who has been accused of committing a crime in another jurisdiction or has been convicted of a crime in that other jurisdiction into the custody of a law enforcement agency of that other jurisdiction.
Fatty liver is a reversible condition wherein large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells via the process of steatosis (i.e., abnormal retention of lipids within a cell).
A gas leak refers to a leak of natural gas or other gaseous product from a pipeline or other containment into any area where the gas should not be present.
The gas mask is a mask used to protect the user from inhaling airborne pollutants and toxic gases.
The Goldman Environmental Prize is a prize awarded annually to grassroots environmental activists, one from each of the world's six geographic regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, Islands and Island Nations, North America, and South and Central America.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
The Government of Madhya Pradesh also known as the State Government of Madhya Pradesh, or locally as State Government, is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and its 51 districts.
Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over 39 countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.
Hachette Book Group (HBG) is a publishing company owned by Hachette Livre, the largest publishing company in France, and the third largest trade and educational publisher in the world.
Hamidia Hospital is a multispeciality tertiary care teaching hospital in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Henry Arnold Waxman (born September 12, 1939) is an American politician who served as the U.S. Representative for from 1975 until 2015.
Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) is any of several polyhalogenated organic compounds consisting of a six-carbon ring with one chlorine and one hydrogen attached to each carbon.
Hexachloroethane, also known as perchloroethane (PCA), C2Cl6, is a white crystalline solid at room temperature with a camphor-like odor.
Hindustan Times is an Indian English-language daily newspaper founded in 1924 with roots in the Indian independence movement of the period ("Hindustan" being a historical name for India).
Homicide is the act of one human killing another.
A hunger strike is a method of non-violent resistance or pressure in which participants fast as an act of political protest, or to provoke feelings of guilt in others, usually with the objective to achieve a specific goal, such as a policy change.
The compound hydrogen chloride has the chemical formula and as such is a hydrogen halide.
The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research, is one of the oldest and largest medical research bodies in the world.
The Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) is a voluntary humanitarian organization to protect human life and health based in India.
The Indian rupee (sign: ₹; code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India.
Indra Sinha (born 1950 in Colaba, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India) is a British writer of Indian and English descent.
Institute is an unincorporated community on the Kanawha River in Kanawha County, West Virginia, United States.
The International Campaign for Justice in Bhopal (ICJB) is a coalition of disaster survivors and environmental, social justice, progressive Indian, and human rights groups that have joined forces to hold the Indian Government and Dow Chemical Corporation accountable for the ongoing chemical disaster in Bhopal.
The International Medical Commission on Bhopal (IMCB) was established in 1993 to organise medical responses to the 1984 Bhopal disaster (India).
Jacques Servin (also known as Andy Bichlbaum) is one of the leading members of The Yes Men, a culture jamming activist group.
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association.
John Fontaine Keenan (born 1929) is a Senior United States District Judge for the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.
Kalpen Suresh Modi (born April 23, 1977) is an American actor, comedian, producer, and former civil servant best known by his stage name Kal Penn.
Kay Kay Menon (born c. 1966) is an Indian film, stage and television actor who works predominantly in Hindi cinema, and also in Gujarati, Tamil and Telugu cinema.
Larsen & Toubro Limited, commonly known as L&T, is the largest Indian multi-national firm headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Law of India refers to the system of law in modern India.
This article lists notable industrial disasters, which are disasters caused by industrial companies, either by accident, negligence or incompetence.
Madhya Pradesh (MP;; meaning Central Province) is a state in central India.
Manufacturing cost is the sum of costs of all resources consumed in the process of making a product.
Ramón Gerard Antonio Estévez (born August 3, 1940), known professionally as Martin Sheen, is an American actor of Spanish/Irish descent who first became known for his roles in the films The Subject Was Roses (1968) and Badlands (1973), and later achieved wide recognition for his leading role in Apocalypse Now (1979) and as President Josiah Bartlet in the television series The West Wing (1999-2006).
McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.
McLeod Russel India Ltd is the world's largest tea growing company.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.
Methyl isocyanate (MIC) is an organic compound with the molecular formula CH3NCO.
Methylamine is an organic compound with a formula of CH3NH2.
Mischa Anne Barton (born 24 January 1986) is a British-American film, television, and stage actress.
Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.
Mother Jones (abbreviated MoJo) is a progressive American magazine that focuses on news, commentary, and investigative reporting on topics including politics, the environment, human rights, and culture.
Naphthalene is an organic compound with formula.
Naseeruddin Shah (born 20 July 1950) is an Indian film and stage actor and director, and a prominent figure in Indian parallel cinema.
Negligence (Lat. negligentia) is a failure to exercise appropriate and or ethical ruled care expected to be exercised amongst specified circumstances.
An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the molecule.
Pablo Bartholomew (born 1955) is an Indian photojournalist and an independent photographer based in New Delhi, India.
The Permanent Peoples' Tribunal is an international opinion tribunal founded in Bologna (Italy) on June 24, 1979 at the initiative of Senator Lelio Basso.
Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds.
Phosgene is the chemical compound with the formula COCl2.
Pulmonary edema is fluid accumulation in the tissue and air spaces of the lungs.
Rachna Dhingra (born 3 September 1977) is a social activist working in Bhopal with the survivors of the Bhopal gas tragedy, a gas leak from a Union Carbide plant in 1984 that has killed 20,000 people.
Raghu Rai (born 1942) is an Indian photographer and photojournalist.
The Rapho agency was founded in Paris in 1933 by Charles Rado (1899–1970), a Hungarian immigrant.
Started in Canada in 1985, Responsible Care® is a global, voluntary initiative developed autonomously by the chemical industry for the chemical industry.
The Sambhavna Trust Clinic, or Bhopal People's Health and Documentation Clinic, is a charitable trust run by a group of doctors, scientists, writers and social workers who have been involved with various aspects of the Union Carbide disaster (Bhopal disaster) in Bhopal, India, ever since its occurrence in December 1984.
Satinath (Sathyu) Sarangi was born in Chakradharpur, Jharkhand, India, on 25 September 1954.
A shanty town or squatter area is a settlement of improvised housing which is known as shanties or shacks, made of plywood, corrugated metal, sheets of plastic, and cardboard boxes.
Shelter in place (also known as a Shelter In-Place Warning, SAME code SPW) is to seek safety within the building one already occupies, rather than to evacuate the area or seek a community emergency shelter.
Sierra Club Books was the publishing division of the Sierra Club, founded in 1960 by then Sierra Club President David Brower.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Stillbirth is typically defined as fetal death at or after 20 to 28 weeks of pregnancy.
Stratfor is an American geopolitical intelligence platform and publisher founded in 1996 in Austin, Texas, by George Friedman, who was the company's chairman.
Students for Bhopal (SfB) is an international network of students and supporters working in solidarity with the survivors of the Bhopal disaster – the world’s worst-ever industrial catastrophe - in their struggle for justice.
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Swedish Defence Research Agency (Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, FOI) is a government agency in Sweden for defence research that reports to the Ministry of Defence.
A system accident is an "unanticipated interaction of multiple failures" in a complex system.
Tar is a dark brown or black viscous liquid of hydrocarbons and free carbon, obtained from a wide variety of organic materials through destructive distillation.
The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness is the second novel by Indian writer Arundhati Roy, published in 2017, twenty years after her debut, The God of Small Things.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
The Yes Men are a culture jamming activist duo and network of supporters created by Jacques Servin and Igor Vamos.
Thermal runaway occurs in situations where an increase in temperature changes the conditions in a way that causes a further increase in temperature, often leading to a destructive result.
A visa (from the Latin charta visa, meaning "paper which has been seen") is a conditional authorization granted by a country to a foreigner, allowing them to enter, remain within, or to leave that country.
Trichlorobenzene (TCB) may refer to any of three isomeric chlorinated derivatives of benzene with the molecular formula C6H3Cl3.
The chemical compound trichloroethylene is a halocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent.
Trimethylamine (TMA) is an organic compound with the formula N(CH3)3.
A tube well is a type of water well in which a long, -wide, stainless steel tube or pipe is bored into an underground aquifer.
Union Carbide Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary (since 2001) of Dow Chemical Company.
Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) was a chemical company established in 1934, eventually expanding to employ 9,000 people working at 14 plants in five divisions.
The Union Council of Ministers exercises executive authority in the Republic of India.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (in case citations, 2d Cir.) is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
The University of Exeter is a public research university in Exeter, Devon, South West England, United Kingdom.
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.
Warren Martin Anderson (November 29, 1921 – September 29, 2014) was an American businessman who served as Chairman and CEO of the Union Carbide Corporation at the time of the Bhopal disaster in 1984.
A water well is an excavation or structure created in the ground by digging, driving, boring, or drilling to access groundwater in underground aquifers.
WikiLeaks is an international non-profit organisation that publishes secret information, news leaks, and classified media provided by anonymous sources.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
1-Naphthol, or α-naphthol, is a fluorescent organic compound with the formula C10H7OH.
The 2012–13 Stratfor email leak is the public disclosure of a number of internal emails between geopolitical intelligence company Stratfor's employees and its clients, referred to by WikiLeaks as the Global Intelligence Files.
1984 Bhopal disaster, 2 / 3 December 1984, Bhopal Chemical Disaster, Bhopal Disaster, Bhopal Gas Tragedy, Bhopal Tragedy, Bhopal accident, Bhopal catastrophe, Bhopal chemical disaster, Bhopal dissaster, Bhopal gas disaster, Bhopal gas leak, Bhopal gas tragedy, Bhopal tragedy, Bopal disaster, Jude Finestera, Union Carbide Disaster, Union Carbide gas leak, Union carbide disaster, Worst industrial disaster.