127 relations: Abraham's well, Annulus (well), Appropriate technology, Aquifer, Arsenic, Artesian aquifer, Artois, Asparn an der Zaya, Austria, Bacteria, Baptist well drilling, Bath, Somerset, Bentonite, Big Well (Kansas), Brick-lined well, Cairo Citadel, Caisson (engineering), Calcium, Cameroon, Campylobacter jejuni, Castle well, Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora cayetanensis, Dental fluorosis, Ding Dong Bell, Do it yourself, Drill bit, Drinking water, Dry cleaning, Egypt, Enterovirus, Eratosthenes, Erkelenz, Escherichia coli, Feces, Fertilizer, Filtration, Fluoride, France, Fungus, Gasoline, Geophysical imaging, Giardia lamblia, Gospel of John, Greensburg, Kansas, Groundwater, Groundwater pollution, Groundwater remediation, Hand pump, Hard water, ..., Hemudu culture, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis E, Hexavalent chromium, History of water supply and sanitation, Hydrogeology, I Ching, Iron, Iron Age, Iron-oxidizing bacteria, Isaac, Jacob, Jerusalem, Jesus, Kimball, West Virginia, Lead, Linear Pottery culture, Llandrindod Wells, Magnesium, Manganese, Methane, Methyl tert-butyl ether, Microsporidia, Nitrate, Noria, Norovirus, Nursery rhyme, Onsite sewage facility, Orvieto, Parasitism, Pediatrics (journal), Perchlorate, Pesticide, Piezometer, Pit latrine, Plastic, Polyvinyl chloride, Pozzo di S. Patrizio, Practical Action, Pump, Qanat, Radon, Ranney collector, Reverse osmosis, Rotavirus, Royal Tunbridge Wells, Saint Paul, Minnesota, Sakia, Salmonella, Sanitation, Sapovirus, Self-supply of water and sanitation, Septic tank, Sewage, Sewage sludge, Shadoof, Shigella, Soil salinity, Somerset, Spa town, Spontaneous combustion, Spring (hydrology), Spring supply, Steel, Stepwell, Tooth decay, Treadle pump, Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation, Uranium, Virus, Volatile organic compound, Water table, Waterborne diseases, Well drainage, Wells, Somerset, Woodingdean, Zwenkau. Expand index (77 more) »
Abraham's well is one of a number of historical wells at Beersheba, Israel.
The annulus of an oil well or water well is any void between any piping, tubing or casing and the piping, tubing, or casing immediately surrounding it.
Appropriate technology is a movement (and its manifestations) encompassing technological choice and application that is small-scale, decentralized, labor-intensive, energy-efficient, environmentally sound, and locally autonomous.
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt).
Arsenic is a chemical element with symbol As and atomic number 33.
An artesian aquifer is a confined aquifer containing groundwater under positive pressure.
Artois (adjective Artesian; Artesië) is a region of northern France.
Asparn an der Zaya is a town in the district of Mistelbach in the Austrian state of Lower Austria.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Baptist well drilling is a very simple, manual method to drill water wells.
Bath is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England, known for its Roman-built baths.
Bentonite (/ˈbɛntənʌɪt/) is an absorbent aluminium phyllosilicate clay consisting mostly of montmorillonite.
The Big Well is a large historic water well in Greensburg, Kansas, United States.
A brick-lined well is a hand-dug water well whose walls are lined with bricks, sometimes called "Dutch bricks" if they are trapezoidal or made on site.
The Saladin Citadel of Cairo (قلعة صلاح الدين) is a medieval Islamic fortification in Cairo, Egypt.
In geotechnical engineering, a caisson is a watertight retaining structure used, for example, to work on the foundations of a bridge pier, for the construction of a concrete dam, or for the repair of ships.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most common causes of food poisoning in the United States and in Europe.
A castle well was a water well built to supply drinking water to a castle.
Cryptosporidium is a genus of apicomplexan parasitic alveolates that can cause a respiratory and gastrointestinal illness (cryptosporidiosis) that primarily involves watery diarrhea (intestinal cryptosporidiosis) with or without a persistent cough (respiratory cryptosporidiosis) in both immunocompetent and immunodeficient humans.
Cyclospora cayetanensis is a protozoan that causes disease in humans, and perhaps primates.
Dental fluorosis (also termed mottled enamel) is an extremely common disorder, characterized by hypomineralization of tooth enamel caused by ingestion of excessive fluoride during enamel formation.
"Ding Dong Bell" or "Ding Dong Dell" is a popular English language nursery rhyme.
"Do it yourself" ("DIY") is the method of building, modifying, or repairing things without the direct aid of experts or professionals.
Drill bits are cutting tools used to remove material to create holes, almost always of circular cross-section.
Drinking water, also known as potable water, is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation.
Dry cleaning is any cleaning process for clothing and textiles using a chemical solvent other than water.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Enteroviruses are a genus of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses associated with several human and mammalian diseases.
Eratosthenes of Cyrene (Ἐρατοσθένης ὁ Κυρηναῖος,; –) was a Greek mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer, and music theorist.
Erkelenz is a town in the Rhineland in western Germany that lies southwest of Mönchengladbach on the northern edge of the Cologne Lowland, halfway between the Lower Rhine region and the Lower Meuse.
Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
Feces (or faeces) are the solid or semisolid remains of the food that could not be digested in the small intestine.
A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.
Filtration is any of various mechanical, physical or biological operations that separate solids from fluids (liquids or gases) by adding a medium through which only the fluid can pass.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
Geophysical imaging (also known as geophysical tomography) is a geophysical technique that investigates the subsurface.
Giardia lamblia, also known as Giardia intestinalis, is a flagellated parasite that colonizes and reproduces in the small intestine, causing giardiasis.
The Gospel According to John is the fourth of the canonical gospels.
Greensburg is a city in, and the county seat of, Kiowa County, Kansas, United States.
Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.
Groundwater pollution (also called groundwater contamination) occurs when pollutants are released to the ground and make their way down into groundwater.
Groundwater remediation is the process that is used to treat polluted groundwater by removing the pollutants or converting them into harmless products.
Hand pumps are manually operated pumps; they use human power and mechanical advantage to move fluids or air from one place to another.
Hard water is water that has high mineral content (in contrast with "soft water").
The Hemudu culture (5500 BC to 3300 BC) was a Neolithic culture that flourished just south of the Hangzhou Bay in Jiangnan in modern Yuyao, Zhejiang, China.
Hepatitis A is an infectious disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV).
Hepatitis E is a viral hepatitis (liver inflammation) caused by infection with a virus called hepatitis E virus.
Hexavalent chromium (chromium(VI), Cr(VI), chromium 6) is any chemical compound that contains the element chromium in the +6 oxidation state (thus hexavalent).
The history of water supply and sanitation is one of a logistical challenge to provide clean water and sanitation systems since the dawn of civilization.
Hydrogeology (hydro- meaning water, and -geology meaning the study of the Earth) is the area of geology that deals with the distribution and movement of groundwater in the soil and rocks of the Earth's crust (commonly in aquifers).
The I Ching,.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.
Iron-oxidizing bacteria are chemotrophic bacteria that derive the energy they need to live and multiply by oxidizing dissolved ferrous iron.
According to the biblical Book of Genesis, Isaac (إسحٰق/إسحاق) was the son of Abraham and Sarah and father of Jacob; his name means "he will laugh", reflecting when Sarah laughed in disbelief when told that she would have a child.
Jacob, later given the name Israel, is regarded as a Patriarch of the Israelites.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
Kimball is a town in McDowell County, West Virginia, United States.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
The Linear Pottery culture is a major archaeological horizon of the European Neolithic, flourishing 5500–4500 BC.
Llandrindod Wells (Llandrindod, "Trinity Parish") is a town and community in Powys, within the historic boundaries of Radnorshire, Wales.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
Methyl tert-butyl ether (also known as MTBE and tert-butyl methyl ether) is an organic compound with a structural formula (CH3)3COCH3.
Microsporidia are a group of spore-forming unicellular parasites.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
A noria (ناعورة, nā‘ūra, from ܢܥܘܪܐ, nā‘urā) is a machine activated by water power and used for lifting water into a small aqueduct, either for the purpose of irrigation or for the use in towns and villages.
Norovirus, sometimes referred to as the winter vomiting bug, is the most common cause of gastroenteritis.
A nursery rhyme is a traditional poem or song for children in Britain and many other countries, but usage of the term only dates from the late 18th/early 19th century.
Onsite (or on-site) sewage facilities (OSSF) are wastewater systems designed to treat and dispose of effluent on the same property that produces the wastewater.
Orvieto is a city and comune in the Province of Terni, southwestern Umbria, Italy situated on the flat summit of a large butte of volcanic tuff.
In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.
Pediatrics is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by the American Academy of Pediatrics.
A perchlorate is the name for a chemical compound containing the perchlorate ion,.
Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds.
A piezometer is either a device used to measure liquid pressure in a system by measuring the height to which a column of the liquid rises against gravity, or a device which measures the pressure (more precisely, the piezometric head) of groundwater at a specific point.
A pit latrine or pit toilet is a type of toilet that collects human feces in a hole in the ground.
Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.
Polyvinyl chloride, also known as polyvinyl or '''vinyl''', commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
The Pozzo di San Patrizio (English: "St. Patrick's Well") is a historic well in Orvieto, Umbria, central Italy.
Practical Action (previously known as the Intermediate Technology Development Group, ITDG) is a development charity registered in the United Kingdom which works directly in four regions of the developing world – Latin America, East Africa, Southern Africa and South Asia, with particular concentration on Peru, Bolivia, Kenya, Sudan, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh and Nepal.
A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action.
A qanāt (قنات) is a gently sloping underground channel to transport water from an aquifer or water well to surface for irrigation and drinking.
Radon is a chemical element with symbol Rn and atomic number 86.
A Ranney Collector is a patented type of radial well used to extract water from an aquifer with direct connection to a surface water source like a river or lake.
Reverse osmosis (RO) is a water purification technology that uses a semipermeable membrane to remove ions, molecules and larger particles from drinking water.
Rotavirus is the most common cause of diarrhoeal disease among infants and young children.
Royal Tunbridge Wells is a large affluent town in western Kent, England, around south-east of central London by road and by rail.
Saint Paul (abbreviated St. Paul) is the capital and second-most populous city of the U.S. state of Minnesota.
A sakia, alternative spelling sakieh or saqiya (from ساقية, sāqīya), also called Persian wheel, tablia, and in Latin tympanum is a mechanical water lifting device which uses buckets, jars, or scoops fastened either directly to a vertical wheel, or to an endless belt activated by such a wheel.
Salmonella is a genus of rod-shaped (bacillus) Gram-negative bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae.
Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.
Sapovirus is a genetically diverse genus of single-stranded positive-sense RNA, non-enveloped viruses within the Caliciviridae family.
Self-supply of water and sanitation (also called household-led water supply or individual supply) refers to an approach of incremental improvements to water and sanitation services, which are mainly financed by the user.
A septic tank is a chamber made of concrete, fiberglass, PVC or plastic, through which domestic wastewater (sewage) flows for primary treatment.
Sewage (or domestic wastewater or municipal wastewater) is a type of wastewater that is produced from a community of people.
Sewage sludge refers to the residual, semi-solid material that is produced as a by-product during sewage treatment of industrial or municipal wastewater.
A shadoof or shaduf (an Arabic word, شادوف, šādūf) is an irrigation tool.
Shigella is a genus of gram-negative, facultative anaerobic, nonspore-forming, non-motile, rod-shaped bacteria genetically closely related to E. coli.
Soil salinity is the salt content in the soil; the process of increasing the salt content is known as salinization.
Somerset (or archaically, Somersetshire) is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west.
A spa town is a resort town based on a mineral spa (a developed mineral spring).
Spontaneous combustion or spontaneous ignition is a type of combustion which occurs by self-heating (increase in temperature due to exothermic internal reactions), followed by thermal runaway (self heating which rapidly accelerates to high temperatures) and finally, autoignition.
A spring is any natural situation where water flows from an aquifer to the Earth's surface.
A spring supply is a provision of piped mains water to a number of consumers direct from a natural spring.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
Stepwells are wells or ponds in which the water is reached by descending a set of steps.
Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is a breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria.
A treadle pump is a human-powered suction pump that sits on top of a well and is used for irrigation.
Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) is a disinfection method that uses short-wavelength ultraviolet (UV-C) light to kill or inactivate microorganisms by destroying nucleic acids and disrupting their DNA, leaving them unable to perform vital cellular functions.
Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.
The water table is the upper surface of the zone of saturation.
Waterborne diseases are conditions caused by pathogenic micro-organisms that are transmitted in water.
Well drainage means drainage of agricultural lands by wells.
Wells is a cathedral city and civil parish in the Mendip district of Somerset, on the southern edge of the Mendip Hills.
Woodingdean is an eastern suburb of the city of Brighton and Hove, East Sussex, separated from the main part of the city by downland and the Brighton Racecourse.
Zwenkau is a town in the district of Leipzig, in Saxony, Germany.
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