109 relations: Academic Emergency Medicine, Acute (medicine), Acute medical unit, Admission, discharge, and transfer system, Advanced cardiac life support, Advanced trauma life support, Ambulance, American College of Surgeons, American Medical Response, Angioplasty, Arterial blood gas test, Asthma, Automated external defibrillator, BBC, BioMed Central, Bone fracture, Bronchodilator, Bundle branch block, Cardiac arrest, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Chest radiograph, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Clinic, Combat medic, Commonwealth of Nations, Contraindication, CT scan, Defibrillation, Department of Health and Social Care, Disaster response, Electrocardiography, Emergency medical services, Emergency medical services in France, Emergency medical technician, Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act, Emergency medicine, Emergency Medicine Journal, Erectile dysfunction, General practitioner, Glucocorticoid, Golden hour (medicine), Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland, Hospital, Hospital readmission, Intensive care medicine, Joint dislocation, Life support, Louisville, Kentucky, ..., Magnetic resonance imaging, Mechanical ventilation, Medical emergency, Medical error, Medical prescription, Medical ultrasound, Medicare (United States), Mental disorder, Military anti-shock trousers, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Service, National Health Service (England), NHS primary care trust, NHS Scotland, NHS targets, NHS Wales, Nitroglycerin (drug), Nurse practitioner, Nursing, Oxygen therapy, Paramedic, Pediatrics, Pharmacist, Pharmacy, Physician, Play therapy, Primary care, Psychiatrist, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Radiographer, Radiography, Residency (medicine), Respiratory therapist, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Search and rescue, Social work, Stabilization (medicine), Suicide, Surgical suture, Theophylline, Thrombolysis, Tracheal intubation, Traction splint, Traffic collision, Trauma center, Trauma team, Triage, Unfunded mandate, United States, United States Congress, United States Department of Health and Human Services, University Hospital of Wales, Urgent care, Vancouver, Vital signs, Walk-in clinic, Wound, Wrexham Maelor Hospital, 2004 Madrid train bombings. Expand index (59 more) » « Shrink index
Academic Emergency Medicine is a monthly peer reviewed medical journal published by Wiley on behalf of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine.
In medicine, describing a disease as acute denotes that it is of short duration and, as a corollary of that, of recent onset.
An acute medical unit (AMU), also often called acute admissions unit or medical assessment unit, is a short-stay department in some British, Australian and New Zealand hospitals that may be linked to the emergency department, but functions as a separate department.
An admission, discharge, and transfer (ADT) system is a backbone system for the structure of other types of business systems.
Advanced cardiac life support or advanced cardiovascular life support (ACLS) refers to a set of clinical interventions for the urgent treatment of cardiac arrest, stroke and other life-threatening medical emergencies, as well as the knowledge and skills to deploy those interventions.
Advanced trauma life support (ATLS) is a training program for medical providers in the management of acute trauma cases, developed by the American College of Surgeons.
An ambulance is a vehicle for transportation, from or between places of treatment, and in some instances will also provide out of hospital medical care to the patient.
The American College of Surgeons is an educational association of surgeons founded in 1912.
American Medical Response, Inc. (AMR) is a medical transportation company in the United States that provides and manages community-based medical transportation services, including emergency (911), non-emergency and managed transportation, fixed-wing air ambulance and disaster response.
Angioplasty, also known as balloon angioplasty and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), is a minimally invasive, endovascular procedure to widen narrowed or obstructed arteries or veins, typically to treat arterial atherosclerosis.
An arterial-blood gas (ABG) test measures the amounts of arterial gases, such as oxygen and carbon dioxide.
Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses the life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia, and is able to treat them through defibrillation, the application of electricity which stops the arrhythmia, allowing the heart to reestablish an effective rhythm.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BioMed Central (BMC) is a United Kingdom-based, for-profit scientific open access publisher.
A bone fracture (sometimes abbreviated FRX or Fx, Fx, or #) is a medical condition in which there is a partial or complete break in the continuity of the bone.
A bronchodilator is a substance that dilates the bronchi and bronchioles, decreasing resistance in the respiratory airway and increasing airflow to the lungs.
A bundle branch block is a defect of the bundle branches or fascicles in the electrical conduction system of the heart.
Cardiac arrest is a sudden loss of blood flow resulting from the failure of the heart to effectively pump.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure that combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is in cardiac arrest.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), previously known as the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA), is a federal agency within the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) that administers the Medicare program and works in partnership with state governments to administer Medicaid, the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), and health insurance portability standards.
A chest radiograph, colloquially called a chest X-ray (CXR), or chest film, is a projection radiograph of the chest used to diagnose conditions affecting the chest, its contents, and nearby structures.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow.
A clinic (or outpatient clinic or ambulatory care clinic) is a healthcare facility that is primarily focused on the care of outpatients.
Combat medics or field medics (or medics) are military personnel who have been trained to at least an EMT-B level (16-week course in the U.S. Army), and are responsible for providing first aid and frontline trauma care on the battlefield.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
In medicine, a contraindication is a condition or factor that serves as a reason to withhold a certain medical treatment due to the harm that it would cause the patient.
A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
Defibrillation is a treatment for life-threatening cardiac dysrhythmias, specifically ventricular fibrillation (VF) and non-perfusing ventricular tachycardia (VT).
The Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) is a department of Her Majesty's Government, responsible for government policy on health and adult social care matters in England, along with a few elements of the same matters which are not otherwise devolved to the Scottish Government, Welsh Government or Northern Ireland Executive.
Disaster response is the second phase of the disaster management cycle.
Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG) is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on the skin.
Emergency medical services, also known as ambulance services or paramedic services (abbreviated to the initialism EMS, EMAS, EMARS or SAMU in some countries), are a type of emergency service dedicated to providing out-of-hospital acute medical care, transport to definitive care, and other medical transport to patients with illnesses and injuries which prevent the patient from transporting themselves.
Emergency medical services in France and Luxembourg are provided by a mix of organizations under public health control, with the lead taken by a central control function called SAMU, which stands for Service d'Aide Médicale Urgente or Urgent Medical Aid Service.
Emergency medical technician (EMT) and ambulance technician are terms used in some countries to denote a health care provider of emergency medical services.
The Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) is an act of the United States Congress, passed in 1986 as part of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA).
Emergency medicine, also known as accident and emergency medicine, is the medical specialty concerned with caring for undifferentiated, unscheduled patients with illnesses or injuries requiring immediate medical attention.
The Emergency Medicine Journal is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal that is jointly owned by the Royal College of Emergency Medicine (RCEM) and the BMJ Group.
Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is a type of sexual dysfunction characterized by the inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis during sexual activity.
In the medical profession, a general practitioner (GP) is a medical doctor who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education to patients.
Glucocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids, which are a class of steroid hormones.
The golden hour, also known as golden time, refers to the period of time following a traumatic injury during which there is the highest likelihood that prompt medical and surgical treatment will prevent death.
Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland (HSC) is the designation of the publicly funded service which provides public health and other social care services in Northern Ireland.
A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment.
A hospital readmission is an episode when a patient who had been discharged from a hospital is admitted again within a specified time interval.
Intensive care medicine, or critical care medicine, is a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions that may require sophisticated life support and monitoring.
A joint dislocation, also called luxation, occurs when there is an abnormal separation in the joint, where two or more bones meet.
Life support refers to the treatments and techniques performed in an emergency in order to support life after the failure of one or more vital organs.
Louisville is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 29th most-populous city in the United States.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
Mechanical ventilation is the medical term for artificial ventilation where mechanical means is used to assist or replace spontaneous breathing. This may involve a machine called a ventilator or the breathing may be assisted by an anesthesiologist, certified registered nurse anesthetist, physician, physician assistant, respiratory therapist, paramedic, EMT, or other suitable person compressing a bag or set of bellows. Mechanical ventilation is termed "invasive" if it involves any instrument penetrating the trachea through the mouth, such as an endotracheal tube or the skin, such as a tracheostomy tube. There are two main types: positive pressure ventilation, where air (or another gas mix) is pushed into the trachea, and negative pressure ventilation, where air is, in essence, sucked into the lungs. There are many modes of mechanical ventilation, and their nomenclature has been revised over the decades as the technology has continually developed.
A medical emergency is an acute injury or illness that poses an immediate risk to a person's life or long-term health.
A medical error is a preventable adverse effect of care, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient.
A prescription is a health-care program implemented by a physician or other qualified health care practitioner in the form of instructions that govern the plan of care for an individual patient.
Medical ultrasound (also known as diagnostic sonography or ultrasonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound.
In the United States, Medicare is a national health insurance program, now administered by the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services of the U.S. federal government but begun in 1966 under the Social Security Administration.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
Military anti-shock trousers, or pneumatic anti-shock garments (PASG), are medical devices used to treat severe blood loss.
The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System which provides statistical information to guide actions and policies to improve the health of the American people.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the publicly funded national healthcare system for England and one of the four National Health Services for each constituent country of the United Kingdom.
A primary care trust (PCT) was part of the National Health Service in England from 2001 to 2013.
NHS Scotland, sometimes styled NHSScotland is the publicly funded healthcare system in Scotland.
Conservative governments set targets for the NHS in the 1990s – for example, guaranteeing a maximum two-year wait for non-emergency surgery and reducing rates of death from specific diseases.
NHS Wales (GIG Cymru) is the official corporate name of the Welsh National Health Service (Gwasanaeth Iechyd Gwladol Cymru), a publicly funded healthcare system which is the responsibility of the Welsh Government.
Nitroglycerin, also known as glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), is a medication used for heart failure, high blood pressure, and to treat and prevent chest pain from not enough blood flow to the heart (angina) or due to cocaine.
Nurse practitioners are healthcare professionals educated and trained to provide health promotion and maintenance through the diagnosis and treatment of acute illness and chronic conditions.
Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life.
Oxygen therapy, also known as supplemental oxygen, is the use of oxygen as a medical treatment.
A paramedic is a healthcare professional who responds to medical emergencies outside of a hospital.
Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that involves the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents.
Pharmacists, also known as chemists (Commonwealth English) or druggists (North American and, archaically, Commonwealth English), are health professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
Play therapy is a method of meeting and responding to the mental health needs of children and is extensively acknowledged by experts as an effective and suitable intervention in dealing with children’s brain development.
Primary care is the day-to-day healthcare given by a health care provider.
A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in psychiatry, the branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders.
The Queen Alexandra Hospital (commonly known as QA Hospital, or simply QA) in Cosham, Portsmouth, is the only hospital serving the city of Portsmouth and the surrounding area.
Radiographers, also known as radiologic technologists, diagnostic radiographers and medical radiation technologists are healthcare professionals who specialise in the imaging of human anatomy for the diagnosis and treatment of pathology.
Radiography is an imaging technique using X-rays to view the internal form of an object.
Residency is a stage of graduate medical training.
A respiratory therapist is a specialized healthcare practitioner trained in pulmonary medicine in order to work therapeutically with people suffering from pulmonary disease.
The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, or RIE, often (but incorrectly) known as the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, or ERI, was established in 1729 and is the oldest voluntary hospital in Scotland.
Search and rescue (SAR) is the search for and provision of aid to people who are in distress or imminent danger.
Social work is an academic discipline and profession that concerns itself with individuals, families, groups and communities in an effort to enhance social functioning and overall well-being.
Stabilization is a process to help prevent shock in sick or injured people.
Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.
Surgical suture is a medical device used to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery.
Theophylline, also known as 1,3-dimethylxanthine, is a methylxanthine drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma under a variety of brand names.
Thrombolysis is the breakdown (lysis) of blood clots formed in blood vessels, using medication.
Tracheal intubation, usually simply referred to as intubation, is the placement of a flexible plastic tube into the trachea (windpipe) to maintain an open airway or to serve as a conduit through which to administer certain drugs.
A traction splint most commonly refers to a splinting device that uses straps attaching over the pelvis or hip as an anchor, a metal rod(s) to mimic normal bone stability and limb length, and a mechanical device to apply traction (used in an attempt to reduce pain, realign the limb, and minimize vascular and neurological complication) to the limb.
A traffic collision, also called a motor vehicle collision (MVC) among other terms, occurs when a vehicle collides with another vehicle, pedestrian, animal, road debris, or other stationary obstruction, such as a tree, pole or building.
A trauma center (or trauma centre) is a hospital equipped and staffed to provide care for patients suffering from major traumatic injuries such as falls, motor vehicle collisions, or gunshot wounds.
A trauma team is a multidisciplinary group of healthcare workers who collectively work together on the assessment and treatment of those who are severely injured.
Triage is the process of determining the priority of patients' treatments based on the severity of their condition.
In the United States, federal mandates are orders that induce "responsibility, action, procedure or anything else that is imposed by constitutional, administrative, executive, or judicial action" for state and local governments and/or the private sector.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.
University Hospital of Wales (Ysbyty Athrofaol Cymru) (UHW) is a major 1000-bed hospital in the Heath district of Cardiff, Wales.
Urgent care is a category of walk-in clinic focused on the delivery of ambulatory care in a dedicated medical facility outside of a traditional emergency department (emergency room).
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
Vital signs (often shortened to just vitals) are a group of the 4 to 6 most important signs that indicate the status of the body’s vital (life-sustaining) functions.
A walk-in clinic describes a very broad category of medical facilities only loosely defined as those that accept patients on a walk-in basis and with no appointment required.
A wound is a type of injury which happens relatively quickly in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound).
The Ysbyty Wrexham Maelor Hospital is an NHS hospital for the North East Wales region, with 581.3 beds.
The 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known in Spain as 11-M) were nearly simultaneous, coordinated bombings against the Cercanías commuter train system of Madrid, Spain, on the morning of 11 March 2004 – three days before Spain's general elections.
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