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Index Ferritin

Ferritin is a universal intracellular protein that stores iron and releases it in a controlled fashion. [1]

73 relations: Acute-phase protein, Adult-onset Still's disease, Anemia, Anemia of chronic disease, Anorexia nervosa, Bacterioferritin, Biomarker, Biomineralization, Blood plasma, C-reactive protein, Carbon nanotube, Cell (biology), Chemical vapor deposition, Chiton, Coeliac disease, Crystallite, Disease, DNA-binding protein from starved cells, Eukaryote, Exon, False positives and false negatives, Fenton's reagent, Ferrihydrite, Ferritin light chain, FTH1, Gene, Globular protein, Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, Hemosiderin, Hemosiderosis, Homology (biology), Hook effect, Hydrogen peroxide, Hydroxide, Hydroxyl radical, Hypothyroidism, Hypoxia (medical), Immunoassay, Intron, Iron, Iron overload, Iron-deficiency anemia, Lymnaea, Lysosome, Macrophage activation syndrome, Malnutrition, Medical laboratory, Medical test, Messenger RNA, Mitochondrial ferritin, ..., Mononuclear phagocyte system, Nanoparticle, Oxidative stress, Phosphate, Physiology, Porphyria, Prokaryote, Protein, Radula, Ramachandran plot, Reactive oxygen species, Reference range, Restless legs syndrome, Schistosoma, Scurvy, Sensitivity and specificity, Serum (blood), Steady state, Tissue (biology), Toxicity, Transferrin, Vegetarianism, Vertebrate. Expand index (23 more) »

Acute-phase protein

Acute-phase proteins (APPs) are a class of proteins whose plasma concentrations increase (positive acute-phase proteins) or decrease (negative acute-phase proteins) in response to inflammation.

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Adult-onset Still's disease

Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a form of Still's disease, a rare systemic autoinflammatory disease characterized by the classic triad of persistent high spiking fevers, joint pain, and a distinctive salmon-colored bumpy rash.

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Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.

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Anemia of chronic disease

Anemia of chronic disease, or anemia of chronic inflammation, is a form of anemia seen in chronic infection, chronic immune activation, and malignancy.

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Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa, often referred to simply as anorexia, is an eating disorder characterized by low weight, fear of gaining weight, and a strong desire to be thin, resulting in food restriction.

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Bacterioferritin (Bfr) is an oligomeric protein containing both a binuclear iron centre and haem b. The tertiary and quaternary structure of Bfr is very similar to that of ferritin.

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A biomarker, or biological marker, generally refers to a measurable indicator of some biological state or condition.

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Biomineralization is the process by which living organisms produce minerals, often to harden or stiffen existing tissues.

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Blood plasma

Blood plasma is a yellowish coloured liquid component of blood that normally holds the blood cells in whole blood in suspension; this makes plasma the extracellular matrix of blood cells.

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C-reactive protein

C-reactive protein (CRP) is an annular (ring-shaped), pentameric protein found in blood plasma, whose levels rise in response to inflammation.

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Carbon nanotube

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are allotropes of carbon with a cylindrical nanostructure.

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Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

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Chemical vapor deposition

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is deposition method used to produce high quality, high-performance, solid materials, typically under vacuum.

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Chitons are marine molluscs of varying size in the class Polyplacophora, formerly known as Amphineura.

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Coeliac disease

Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine.

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A crystallite is a small or even microscopic crystal which forms, for example, during the cooling of many materials.

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A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.

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DNA-binding protein from starved cells

DNA-binding proteins from starved cells (DPS) are proteins that belong to the ferritin superfamily and are characterized by strong similarities but also distinctive differences with respect to "canonical" ferritins.

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Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).

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An exon is any part of a gene that will encode a part of the final mature RNA produced by that gene after introns have been removed by RNA splicing.

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False positives and false negatives

In medical testing, and more generally in binary classification, a false positive is an error in data reporting in which a test result improperly indicates presence of a condition, such as a disease (the result is positive), when in reality it is not present, while a false negative is an error in which a test result improperly indicates no presence of a condition (the result is negative), when in reality it is present.

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Fenton's reagent

Fenton's reagent is a solution of hydrogen peroxide with ferrous iron as a catalyst that is used to oxidize contaminants or waste waters.

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Ferrihydrite (Fh) is a widespread hydrous ferric oxyhydroxide mineral at the Earth's surface, and a likely constituent in extraterrestrial materials.

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Ferritin light chain

Ferritin light chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FTL gene.

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Ferritin heavy chain is a ferroxidase enzyme that in humans is encoded by the FTH1 gene.

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In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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Globular protein

Globular proteins or spheroproteins are spherical ("globe-like") proteins and are one of the common protein types (the others being fibrous, disordered and membrane proteins).

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Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), also known as haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (British spelling), and hemophagocytic or haemophagocytic syndrome, is an uncommon hematologic disorder seen more often in children than in adults.

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Hemosiderin image of a kidney viewed under a microscope. The brown areas represent hemosiderin Hemosiderin or haemosiderin is an iron-storage complex.

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Hemosiderosis (AmE) or haemosiderosis (BrE) is a form of iron overload disorder resulting in the accumulation of hemosiderin.

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Homology (biology)

In biology, homology is the existence of shared ancestry between a pair of structures, or genes, in different taxa.

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Hook effect

The hook effect or the prozone effect is a type of interference which plagues certain immunoassays and nephelometric assays, resulting in false negatives or inaccurately low results.

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Hydrogen peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula.

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Hydroxide is a diatomic anion with chemical formula OH−.

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Hydroxyl radical

The hydroxyl radical, •OH, is the neutral form of the hydroxide ion (OH−).

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Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid or low thyroid, is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.

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Hypoxia (medical)

Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level.

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An immunoassay is a biochemical test that measures the presence or concentration of a macromolecule or a small molecule in a solution through the use of an antibody (usually) or an antigen (sometimes).

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An intron is any nucleotide sequence within a gene that is removed by RNA splicing during maturation of the final RNA product.

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Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.

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Iron overload

Iron overload (variously known as haemochromatosis, hemochromatosis, hemochromocytosis, Celtic curse, Irish illness, British gene, Scottish sickness and bronzing diabetes) indicates accumulation of iron in the body from any cause.

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Iron-deficiency anemia

Iron-deficiency anemia is anemia caused by a lack of iron.

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Lymnaea is a genus of small to large-sized air-breathing freshwater snails, aquatic pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Lymnaeidae, the pond snails.

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A lysosome is a membrane-bound organelle found in nearly all animal cells.

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Macrophage activation syndrome

Macrophage-activation syndrome (MAS) is a severe, potentially life-threatening, complication of several chronic rheumatic diseases of childhood.

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Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.

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Medical laboratory

A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are carried out on clinical specimens in order to obtain information about the health of a patient in order to provide diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

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Medical test

A medical test is a medical procedure performed to detect, diagnose, or monitor diseases, disease processes, susceptibility, and determine a course of treatment.

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Messenger RNA

Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a large family of RNA molecules that convey genetic information from DNA to the ribosome, where they specify the amino acid sequence of the protein products of gene expression.

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Mitochondrial ferritin

Mitochondrial ferritin is a ferroxidase enzyme that in humans is encoded by the FTMT gene.

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Mononuclear phagocyte system

In immunology, the mononuclear phagocyte system or mononuclear phagocytic system (MPS) (also known as the reticuloendothelial system or macrophage system) is a part of the immune system that consists of the phagocytic cells located in reticular connective tissue.

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Nanoparticles are particles between 1 and 100 nanometres (nm) in size with a surrounding interfacial layer.

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Oxidative stress

Oxidative stress reflects an imbalance between the systemic manifestation of reactive oxygen species and a biological system's ability to readily detoxify the reactive intermediates or to repair the resulting damage.

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A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.

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Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.

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Porphyria is a group of diseases in which substances called porphyrins build up, negatively affecting the skin or nervous system.

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A prokaryote is a unicellular organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelle.

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Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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The radula (plural radulae or radulas) is an anatomical structure that is used by mollusks for feeding, sometimes compared to a tongue.

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Ramachandran plot

A Ramachandran plot (also known as a Ramachandran diagram or a plot), originally developed in 1963 by G. N. Ramachandran, C. Ramakrishnan, and V. Sasisekharan, is a way to visualize energetically allowed regions for backbone dihedral angles ψ against φ of amino acid residues in protein structure.

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Reactive oxygen species

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are chemically reactive chemical species containing oxygen.

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Reference range

In health-related fields, a reference range or reference interval is the range of values for a physiologic measurement in healthy persons (for example, the amount of creatinine in the blood, or the partial pressure of oxygen).

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Restless legs syndrome

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a disorder that causes a strong urge to move one's legs.

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Schistosoma is a genus of trematodes, commonly known as blood flukes.

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Scurvy is a disease resulting from a lack of vitamin C (ascorbic acid).

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Sensitivity and specificity

Sensitivity and specificity are statistical measures of the performance of a binary classification test, also known in statistics as a classification function.

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Serum (blood)

In blood, the serum is the component that is neither a blood cell (serum does not contain white or red blood cells) nor a clotting factor; it is the blood plasma not including the fibrinogens.

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Steady state

In systems theory, a system or a process is in a steady state if the variables (called state variables) which define the behavior of the system or the process are unchanging in time.

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Tissue (biology)

In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.

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Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.

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Transferrins are iron-binding blood plasma glycoproteins that control the level of free iron (Fe) in biological fluids.

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Vegetarianism is the practice of abstaining from the consumption of meat (red meat, poultry, seafood, and the flesh of any other animal), and may also include abstention from by-products of animal slaughter.

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Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).

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Apoferritin, Apoferritins, Feratin, Ferritins, Ferrotin, Hyperferritinaemia, Hyperferritinemia, Hyperferritinemia-cataract syndrome, S-ferritin, Serum ferritin.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferritin

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